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LWN - TRAINING CENTER

Version 01-01

HYDRAULIC SYMBOLS
The given hydraulic symbols are just an extract of the entire list of hydraulic symbols. Here only a list
of the most used hydraulic symbols and their compositions is provided.
All hydraulic symbols according to DIN /ISO 1219.




.
DIN ISO 1219

! .

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LIST OF CONTENT

Version 01-01

Kinds of actuators

... 3

Main symbols

.......................................... 4

Measuring instruments

.................... 6

Electric sensors, switches

, ..... 6

Oil filter

........................................... 7

Oil cooler

..................................... 8

7 Pressure relief and reducing valves



............................................................................................................................................... 9
8 Hydraulic valves for general use

........................................................................................................................................... 10
9

Cylinders

.......................................................... 13

10 Pumps

............................................................... 14

11 Motors

.................................................. 16

12 Brakes

.............................................................. 17

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1 KINDS OF ACTUATORS

Pneumatic

Manual
general

Manual
Pedal

Hydraulic

Mechanical
spring forced

Mechanical
push-button

Mechanical
joined push-button

Electrical

Electrical hydraulic

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2 MAIN SYMBOLS

Check valve, non return


valve

Non return valve


spring loaded

Non return valve with


adjustable flow restriction

Flow control valve - nozzle


adjustable

Orifice

Shut off valve

anual operated

3-way change over valve


manual operated

3-

Tank

Control line

Main line

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Line connection

Distribution block

Hydraulic rotary
transmission

Quick release coupling

Shuttle valve

Cartridge valve
2/2-way valve, hydraulically
operated

-
2/2-

Hydraulically operated air flap

Pressure accumulator

Quantity divisor

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3 MEASURING INSTRUMENTS

Pressure gauge connection
point

Pressure gauge



()


()

ELECTRIC SENSORS, SWITCHES


,
Pressure transducer
pressure to current or voltage


()
()

Pressure switch
with electric change over
contact

Pressure switch
with electric make contact and
spring reset

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5 OIL FILTER

Oil filter

Oil filter
with electric change over
contact to show if filter is dirty

Oil filter
with electric change over
contact to show if filter is dirty
with security bypass


Oil filter

with security bypass valve and

mechanic pollution indicatior

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6 OIL COOLER

Oil cooler

Oil cooler
air cooled by van

Oil cooler-pump unit


driven from an electric motor

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7 PRESSURE RELIEF AND REDUCING VALVES


Pressure relief valve


direct controlled, fixed

Pressure relief valve


direct controlled, adjustable

Pressure relief valve


pilot operated, adjustable

Pressure reducing valve


adjustable

Pressure reducing valve


adjustable and electrically
contolled with release outlet

Pressure reducing valve


manually controlled with
release outlet

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8 HYDRAULIC VALVES FOR GENERAL USE


4/2-way valve
electrically controlled, spring
reset

4/2-
,

4/2-way valve
4/2-
hydraulically controlled, spring ,
reset

3/2-way valve
manually controlled, spring
reset

3/2-
,

3/2-way valve
manually controlled, spring
reset

3/2-
,

3/3-way valve (e.g. oil


flushing valve used in a
closed circuit)
hydraulically controlled, spring
reset, with pressure relief
valve, side B not used

3/3- (.


),
,
.

2/2-way valve
electrically controlled, spring
reset

2/2-
,

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6/2-way valve
hydraulically controlled, spring
reset

6/2-
,

3/3-way valve
hydraulically controlled,

3/3-

3/2-way valve
thermostatically controlled with
pressure relief valve to protect
the oil cooler

3/2-
,

Pressure accumulator
with security block

Over centre brake


hydraulically controlled 2/2 way
valve wit restriction / brake
function


2/2
,
/

2/2-way valve, hose fracture


safety valve
applied in shipcrane luffing
gear cylinder

2/2- ,

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4/3-way valve
electrically controlled, spring
reset

4/3-
,

4/3-way valve, servo control


valve
electrically controlled, spring
reset

4/3-

Pilot valve
used for complete hydraulic
motion drives

Slewing gear safety block

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9 CYLINDERS

Double acting cylinder

Single acting cylinder


with spring forced retraction

Single acting cylinder


with spring forced retraction,
used on holding brakes

Double acting telescopic


cylinder

Double acting cylinder


with return flow limitation

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10PUMPS

Pump
constant delivery and one flow
direction

Handpump
with shut off valve

A4VG-Pump (replacement for A4V Pump)


variable delivery in both directions, electrically controlled
with internal presure relief and pressure cut off valve
used for closed circuits

A4VG ( A4V)
,
,
,

A4V-Pump (replaced by A4VG pump)


variable delivery in both directions,electrically controlled
with internal presure relief and pressure cut off valve
used for closed circuits

A4V- ( A4VG)
,
,
.

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A10VO-Pump
one flow direction with variable delivery for open circuits,
hydraulically (X) controlled, with flow control valve and
pressure relief valve (250 bar)

A10VO

, (),
(250 )

A11VO-Pump
valiable delivery in one flow direction for
open circuits, hydraulically controlled

A11VO


,

LPVD
Liebherr double pump for open circuits

LPVD-Pumpe
LIEBHERR

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11MOTORS

Motor

for both directions and leak oil

outlet

Electric motor

A2FM-Motor
axial piston, constant
displacement motor for both
directions, with internal
pressure limitation for closed
circuits


A2FM
-,

,
,

(
)

A6VM-Motor
variable displacement motor with axial piston rotary group,
for both directions, displacement is infinitely variable,
hydraulically controlled (connection X) with spring and
pressure dependant return

A6VM
-

. ( ),

A6VM-Motor
variable displacement motor, electrically
controlled with spring and pressure dependant
return

A6VM

, ,

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A6VE-Motor
variable displacement plug-in motor with
standard axial tapered piston rotary group,
hydraulically controlled, primarily installed in
slewing gears LR/HS

A6VE


- ,
,

LR/HS

12BRAKES

Free fall brake


on the winch

Multiple disk brake


spring loaded and hydraulically
released, holds the motor in
stand still position

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