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The 6.

01 lesson taught you about different systems used to


classify living things. You will practice classifying some birds. (Blue
jay, robin, cardinal, canary, pelican)
Research online to fill in the blank (RED) boxes. Some have been
filled in for you to guide you along the way. You dont have to use
this chart. You can make your own if you would like.

Watch this short video about making a cladogram:


http://ccl.northwestern.edu/simevolution/obonu/cladograms/Open-This-File.swf

Create your cladogram below. Ive listed the birds in boxes and
given you some lines. You will need to arrange the boxes and lines

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Chordata

Class

Aves
Pelecanifor
mes

Order
Passeriformes
Fringillida
e

Pelecan
idae

Turdu Cardinali
Genus
s
s

serin
us

Pelecan
us

Turdus
Turdus
Migratori
Migratori
ous
ous

Canaria
Canaria
Domestia
Domestia

Pelecanus
Pelecanus
Tirensis
Tirensis

Corvidae

Turdid
Family
ae

Cyanocit
ta

Cristata
Cristata

Species

Cardinali
dae

C.
C.
Cardinalis
Cardinalis

how you best feel they should go (you may delete any extra lines
you dont need). Remember, there is NO WRONG WAY to make a
cladogram. HOWEVER, you must be able to explain why youve
grouped them in such a way. For example, you might say, Well, I
put the pelican further away from the other birds because it is the
only bird that doesnt perch.

Heres a reminder of how a cladogram can look:

Canary
Cardinal
Robin
Blue Jay
Pelican

Conclusion Questions:

#1 Describe the physical traits your birds had in common with


one another in your taxonomy chart. Break down your
descriptions by taxa (kingdom, phylum, class, order).

All of the animals in the aves class have waterproof skin covered
in feathers, are endothermic, lay hard shelled eggs, have a beak
or bill instead of teeth, are bipedal, have wings, and most are
adapted to fly.

#2 Explain the positions of each species in your cladogram. Why


did you place each of your animals in those positions?

I placed the pelican further away from the other birds because its
body type is most different from the other birds. I placed the
canary and cardinal branching from each other because they
stem from the closest ancestor and their body types are very
close to the same. I basically set up the cladogram based on
physical features.

#3 Which was more difficult to make, the taxonomy chart or the


cladogram? Explain your answer.

I feel like the taxonomy chart was harder to make. It was a a lot
more detailed and took me a lot me time to find all the the
research. Looking up each taxa for every bird was a challenge, it
had to double check everyone because I discovered that some
were wrong. The actual organization of the chart was easier to do
in my a opinion though.

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