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PROBLEM 5.

1
For the beam and loading shown, (a) draw the shear and bending-moment
diagrams, (b) determine the equations of the shear and bending-moment
curves.

SOLUTION
Reactions:

From A to B:

M C = 0: LA bP = 0

A=

Pb
L

M A = 0: LC aP = 0

C =

Pa
L

0< x<a
Fy = 0:

Pb
V = 0
L

V =
M J = 0: M

Pb
x=0
L
M =

From B to C:

Pbx

a< x< L
Fy = 0: V +

Pa
=0
L
V =

M K = 0: M +

Pa

Pa
( L x) = 0
L
M =

At section B:

Pb

Pa( L x)

L
M =

Pab

L2

PROBLEM 5.2
For the beam and loading shown, (a) draw the shear and bending-moment
diagrams, (b) determine the equations of the shear and bending-moment
curves.

SOLUTION
Reactions:
M B = 0: AL + wL
M A = 0:

BL wL

L
=0
2

L
=0
2

A=
B=

wL
2
wL
2

Free body diagram for determining reactions.


Over whole beam,

0< x< L

Place section at x.
Replace distributed load by equivalent concentrated load.
Fy = 0:

wL
wx V = 0
2
L

V = w x
2

M J = 0:
M =

wL
x
x + wx + M = 0
2
2

w
(Lx x2 )
2
M =

Maximum bending moment occurs at x =

w
x( L x)
2

L
.
2
M max =

wL2

PROBLEM 5.15
For the beam and loading shown, determine the maximum
normal stress due to bending on a transverse section at C.

SOLUTION
Reaction at A:
M B = 0: 4.5 A + (3.0)(3) + (1.5)(3) + (1.8)(4.5)(2.25) = 0

A = 7.05 kN

Use AC as free body.


M C = 0: M C (7.05)(1.5) + (1.8)(1.5)(0.75) = 0
M C = 8.55 kN m = 8.55 103 N m

I =

1 3
1
(80)(300)3 = 180 106 mm 4
bh =
12
12

= 180 106 m 4
c=

1
(300) = 150 mm = 0.150 m
2

Mc (8.55 103 )(0.150)


=
= 7.125 106 Pa
I
180 106

= 7.13 MPa

PROBLEM 5.20
For the beam and loading shown, determine the maxximum
n
normal
stress due to bending on a transverse section at C.
C

SOLUTION
U entire beam as free body.
Use

MB = 0 :
4.8 A + (3.6)(216) + (1.6)(150) + (0.8)(150) = 0
A = 237 kN

U portion AC as free body.


Use

MC = 0 :
M (2.4)(237) + (1.2)(216) = 0
M = 309.6 kN m
For W460 113, S = 2390 106 mm 3
Normal stress:

309.6 103 N m
M
=
S
2390 106 m3
= 129.5 106 Pa

= 129.5 MPa
M

PROBLEM 5.22
Draw the shear and bending-moment diagrams for the beam
D
annd loading shown and determine the maximum normal stress
due to bending.

SOLUTION

Reactions:

M D = 0 : 4 A 64 (24)(2)(1) = 0 A = 288 kN
Fy = 0 : 28 + D (24)(2) = 0 D = 76 kN
k

A to C:

0 < x < 2m
Fy = 0 : V 28 = 0
V = 28 kN
N

M J = 0 : M + 28x = 0
M = (28 x) kN m
C to D:

2m < x < 4m
Fy = 0 : V 28 = 0
V = 28
2 kN

MJ = 0 :

M + 28x 64
4=0

M = (28 x + 64) kN m
D to B:

4m < x < 6m
Fy = 0 :
V 24(6 x) = 0
V = (24 x + 144) kN

MJ = 0 :
6 x
M 24(6 x)
=0
2
M = 12(6 x) 2 kN m
max M = 56 kN m = 56 103 N m
For S250 52 section,
Normal Stress: =

M
S

S = 482 103 mm 3
=

56 103 N m
482 106 m 3

= 116.2 1006 Pa

= 116.2 MP
Pa

PROBLEM 5.42
Using the method of Sec. 5.3, Solve Prob. 5.9
PROBLEM 5.9 Draw the shear and bending-moment diagrams for the
beam and loading shown, and determine the maximum absolute value
(a) of the shear, (b) of the bending moment.

SOLUTION
Reactions:
M C = 0 : 2 A + (12)(2)(1) (40)(1) = 0

A = 8kN
M A = 0 : 2C (12)(2)(1) (40)(3) = 0

C = 72 kN

Shear diagram: VA = 8 kN
A to C: 0 < x < 2 m w = 12kN/m
VC VA =

wdx = 12dx = 24 kN
0

VC = 24 8 = 32 kN

C to B: VB = 32 + 72 = 40 kN
Areas of shear diagram:
A to C: Vdx =

1
(8 32)(2) = 40 kN m
2

C to B: Vdx = (1)(40) = 40 kN m
Bending moments:
MA = 0
M C = M A + Vdx = 0 40 = 40 kN m
M B = M C + Vdx = 40 + 40 = 0

(a) Maximum V = 40.0 kN


(b) Maximum M = 40.0 kN m

PROBLEM 5.93
Beams AB, BC, and CD have the cross section shown
and are pin-connected at B and C. Knowing that the
allowable normal stress is +110 MPa in tension and
150 MPa in compression, determine (a) the largest
permissible value of P if beam BC is not to be
overstressed, (b) the corresponding maximum
distance a for which the cantilever beams AB and CD
are not overstressed.

SOLUTION
M B = MC = 0
VB = VC = P

Area B to E of shear diagram: 2.4 P

M E = 0 + 2.4 P = 2.4 P = M F

Centroid and moment of inertia:

Part

A (mm2 )

y (mm)

Ay (mm3 )

d (mm)

Ad 2 (mm4 )

I (mm4 )

2500

156.25

390625

34.82

3.031 106

0.0326 106

1875

140625

46.43

4.042 106

3.516 106

4375

7.073 106

3.548 106

75

531250
531250
= 121.43 mm
4375
I = Ad 2 + I = 10.621 106 mm 4

Y =

Location
Top
Bottom

y (mm)

I / y (103 mm3 )

41.07

258.6

121.43

87.47

also (106 m3 )

PROBLEM 5.93 (Continued)

M = I / y

Bending moment limits:

(110 106 ) (87.47 106 ) = 9.622 103 N m

Tension at E and F:

Compression at E and F:

(110 106 ) (258.6 106 ) = 28.45 103 N m

Tension at A and D:

Compression at A and D:
(a)

Allowable load P :

(150 106 )(87.47 106 ) = 13.121 103 N m

2.4 P = 9.622 103

Shear at A:

(b)

(150 106 )(258.6 106 ) = 38.8 103 N m

P = 4.01 103 N

VA = P

Area A to B of shear diagram:

aVA = aP

Bending moment at A:

M A = aP = 4.01 103 a

Distance a:

P = 4.01 kN

4.01 103 a = 13.121 103

a = 3.27 m

PROBLEM 5.120
Using a computer and step functions, calculate the shear and bending
moment for the beam and loading shown. Use the specified increment L,
starting at point A and ending at the right-hand support.

SOLUTION
1
M D = 0: 6 RA + (4)(120) + (1) (3)(36) = 0
2
R A = 89 kN
36
w=
x 31 = 12 x 31
3

V = 89 120 x 2 0 6 x 3 2 kN
M = 89 x 120 x 21 2 x 3 3 kN m

kN

kN m

0.0

89.0

0.0

0.3

89.0

22.3

kN

kN m

0.5

89.0

44.5

5.0

89.0

66.8

55.0

69.0

0.8

5.3

89.0

89.0

61.4

54.5

1.0
1.3

89.0

111.3

5.5

68.5

38.3

1.5

89.0

133.5

5.8

76.4

20.2

1.8

89.0

155.8

6.0

85.0

0.0

2.0

31.0

178.0

2.3

31.0

170.3

2.5

31.0

162.5

2.8

31.0

154.8

3.0

31.0

147.0

3.3

31.4

139.2

3.5

32.5

131.3

3.8

34.4

122.9

4.0

37.0

114.0

4.3

40.4

104.3

4.5

44.5

93.8

4.8

49.4

82.0

PROBLEM 5.121
Using a computer and step functions, calculate the shear and bending
moment for the beam and loading shown. Use the specified increment
L, starting at point A and ending at the right-hand support.

SOLUTION
M C = 0: (5.2)(12) 4 B + (2)(4)(16) = 0

B = 47.6 kN
M B = 0: (1.2)(12) (2)(4)(16) + 4C = 0

C = 28.4 kN
w = 16 x 1.2 0 =

dV
dx

V = 16 x 1.21 12 + 47.6 x 1.2 0


M = 8 x 1.2 2 12 x + 47.6 x 1.21

kN

kN m

0.0

12.0

0.00

0.4

12.0

4.80

0.8

12.0

9.60

1.2

35.6

14.40

1.6

29.2

1.44

2.0

22.8

8.96

2.4

16.4

16.80

2.8

10.0

22.08

3.2

3.6

24.80

3.6

2.8

24.96

4.0

9.2

22.56

4.4

15.6

17.60

4.8

22.0

10.08

5.2

28.4

0.00