Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 4

Different ideas in Spirited Away

Spirited Away is a story about a modernising Japan in the Meiji


period (1868-1912). During this time, the West impacted Japan and
influenced their politics and values. One of the most significant
influences from the West to Japan was the reorganisation of
Japanese society into a capitalist one.
During the Edo period (1603-1867), the Samurai class controlled the
whole nation and Japan closed its door to most other nations in order
to preserve itself. In 1853, Commodore Perry from the United States
urged Japan to start trading with other nations. In the following year,
Japan opened its door to other nations. The Meiji era is known as the
period of restoration. In this Meiji period, the introduction of the
Western culture into Japan brought about both chaos and growth.
This was seen in big changes to Japanese identity; especially in
architecture, philosophy, fashion, and values.
By having Chihiro live in the era of a modernizing Japan, Miyazaki
invites the audience to experience what Japan were really losing as a
nation and personally during that period.

Different ideas in Spirited Away


In pairs define the following terms using the website
www.easydefine.com. Work together to find examples of where
these ideas can be seen in Spirited Away.
Capitalism:
_____________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
___Example:________________________________________________________
__________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
___
Materialism:
_____________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
________________________
Example:___________________________________________________________
_______________________
_____________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
___
Individualism:
_____________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
________________________
Example:___________________________________________________________
_______________________
_____________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
___
Class structure:
_____________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
________________________
Example:___________________________________________________________
_______________________
_____________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________
Industrialisation:
_____________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
________________________
Example:___________________________________________________________
_______________________
_____________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
___

Answers
Capitalism: economic system based on private ownership of capital.
Capital: wealth in the form of money or property owned by a person
or business and human resources of economic value.
Example: Yubaba is seen as a symbol of government that owns
their population or workers. Making a statement how Japan
changed during the Meiji Period. Uses a child; they are quite often a
target e.g. children workers, Miyazaki uses his protagonist as a child
to challenge society also that an innocent heart is the answer to
capitalist issues
Materialism: a desire for wealth and material possessions with little
interest in ethical or spiritual matters
Example: Yubabas rooms are beautifully decorated with very
wealthy processions. She also plays with her jewels and admires
them obsessively. No Face giving everyone gold, all the characters
are very obviously obsessed with gold and having lots of it
Individualism: the quality of being individual, it is the importance of
the individual with a strong belief in self-reliance and personal
independence.

Example: Chihiros journey of self-discovery and learning to be a


more resilient and independent character is an example of her
longing for individualism. Miyasaki is making a statement of the lack
if individualism in society when Yubaba takes Chihiros name. He is
commenting on Japans lack of individual identity within a highly
capitalized world. People are not seen for who they are in the movie,
but more for what they can do for Yubaba
Class Structure: The hierarchical organization by which a society or
community is divided into classes.
Example: The class division between Yubaba and her workers, they
are below her. Below her workers are humans; they are deemed so
unworthy they are turned into pigs, who will then be eaten by the
others.
Industrialisation: the development of industry on an extensive scale.
The period; early 19th century, is the period of social and economic
change that transforms a human group from a farming society into
an industrial one; working in factories and cities.
Example: everyone working for Yubaba in the bathhouse, working
society, Chihuro having to find work the second she arrives

Похожие интересы