You are on page 1of 3

AISI 4140 Alloy Steel (UNS G41400)

AISI 4140 Alloy Steel (UNS G41400)


Topics Covered
Introduction
Chemical Composition
Physical Properties
Mechanical Properties
Thermal Properties
Other Designations
Fabrication and Heat Treatment
Machinability
Forming
Welding
Heat Treatment
Forging
Hot Working
Cold Working
Annealing
Tempering
Hardening

Introduction
Alloy steels are designated by AISI four-digit numbers. They comprise different kinds of steels having composition exceeding the
limitations of B, C, Mn, Mo, Ni, Si, Cr, and Va set for carbon steels.
AISI 4140 alloy steel is chromium, molybdenum, manganese containing low alloy steel. It has high fatigue strength, abrasion and
impact resistance, toughness, and torsional strength. The following datasheet gives an overview of AISI 4140 alloy steel.

Chemical Composition
The following table shows the chemical composition of AISI 4140 alloy steel.
Element

Content (%)

Iron, Fe

96.785 - 97.77

Chromium, Cr

0.80 - 1.10

Manganese, Mn

0.75 - 1.0

Carbon, C

0.380 - 0.430

Silicon, Si

0.15 - 0.30

Molybdenum, Mo

0.15 - 0.25

Sulfur, S

0.040

Phosphorous, P

0.035

Physical Properties
The physical properties of AISI 4140 alloy steel are highlighted in the following table.
Properties
Density
Melting point

Metric

Imperial

7.85 g/cm3 0.284 lb/in


1416C

2580F

Saved from URL: http://www.azom.com/article.aspx?ArticleID=6769

/3

AISI 4140 Alloy Steel (UNS G41400)

Mechanical Properties
The following table outlines the mechanical properties of AISI 4140 alloy steel.
Properties

Metric

Imperial

Tensile strength

655 MPa

95000 psi

Yield strength

415 MPa

60200 psi

Bulk modulus (typical for steel)

140 GPa

20300 ksi

Shear modulus (typical for steel)

80 GPa

11600 ksi

Elastic modulus

190-210 GPa 27557-30458 ksi

Poisson's ratio

0.27-0.30

0.27-0.30

25.70%

25.70%

Hardness, Brinell

197

197

Hardness, Knoop (converted from Brinell hardness)

219

219

Hardness, Rockwell B (converted from Brinell hardness)

92

92

13

13

Hardness, Vickers (converted from Brinell hardness)

207

207

Machinability (based on AISI 1212 as 100 machinability)

65

65

Elongation at break (in 50 mm)

Hardness, Rockwell C (converted from Brinell hardness. Value below normal HRC range, for
comparison purposes only)

Thermal Properties
The thermal properties of AISI 4140 alloy steel are given in the following table.
Properties

Metric

Thermal expansion co-efficient (@ 0-100C/32-212F) 12.2 m/mC


Thermal conductivity (@ 100C)

Imperial
6.78 in/inF

42.6 W/mK 296 BTU in/hr.ft.F

Other Designations
Other designations equivalent to AISI 4140 alloy steel are listed in the following table.

AMS 6349

ASTM A193 (B7, B7M)

AMS 6381

ASTM A194 (7, 7M)

AMS 6382

ASTM A29 (4140)

ASTM A506 (4140) ASTM A752 (4140)


ASTM A513

ASTM A829

ASTM A513 (4140) SAE J1397 (4140)

AMS 6390 ASTM A320 (L7, L7M, L7D) ASTM A519 (4140) SAE J404 (4140)
AMS 6395

ASTM A322 (4140)

AMS 6529

ASTM A331 (4140)

ASTM A646 (4140) SAE J412 (4140)


ASTM A711

Fabrication and Heat Treatment


Machinability
AISI 4140 alloy steel has good machinability in the annealed condition.

Forming
AISI 4140 alloy steel has high ductility. It can be formed using conventional techniques in the annealed condition. It requires more

Saved from URL: http://www.azom.com/article.aspx?ArticleID=6769

/3

AISI 4140 Alloy Steel (UNS G41400)

pressure or force for forming because it is tougher than plain carbon steels.

Welding
AISI 4140 alloy steel can be welded using all conventional techniques. However, the mechanical properties of this steel will be
affected if it is welded in the heat treated condition, and post weld heat treatment should be performed.

Heat Treatment
AISI 4140 alloy steel is heated at 845C (1550F) followed by quenching in oil. Before hardening, it can be normalized by heating at
913C (1675F) for a long period of time followed by air cooling.

Forging
AISI 4140 alloy steel is forged at 926 to 1205C (1700 to 2200F)

Hot Working
AISI 4140 alloy steel can be hot worked at 816 to 1038C (1500 to 1900F)

Cold Working
AISI 4140 alloy steel can be cold worked using conventional methods in the annealed condition.

Annealing
AISI 4140 alloy steel is annealed at 872C (1600F) followed by slowly cooling in the furnace.

Tempering
AISI 4140 alloy steel can be tempered at 205 to 649C (400 to 1200F) depending upon the desired hardness level. The hardness of
the steel can be increased if it has lower tempering temperature. For example, tensile strength of 225 ksi cab be achieved by
tempering at 316C (600F), and a tensile strength of 130 ksi can be achieved by tempering at 538C (1000F).

Hardening
AISI 4140 alloy steel can be hardened by cold working, or heating and quenching.
Date Added: Sep 7, 2012 | Updated: Jul 11, 2013

Saved from URL: http://www.azom.com/article.aspx?ArticleID=6769

/3