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METHOD 2

SEISMIC ANALYSIS USING MEMBER WEIGHT METHOD


STEPS INVOLVED:
1.Creation of Geometry
2.Giving Member Property
3. Support Condition
4.Giving Loads :
5.Specifying Analysis Type
6.Post Analysis Print
7.Design
8.Analysis.
Data:
Building size : 15m x 15m
Height :33m
Concrete Mix M30 Steel Fe415
Loads: LL =1.50 KN/m2 (For Roof slab) 2.0KN/m2 (For floor slab)
Member sizes : Beam 300 x 450mm; Column 300x 450mm
Slab thickness: 120mm.
Soil type: medium. Zone :III Importance factor=1.50

15.00

BEAMS ARE OF SIZE 0.3 X 0.45

3.00

3.00

3.00

3.00

3.00

15.00

COLUMN ARE OF SIZE 0.45 X 0.30

PLAN

33.00
3.00

BEAMS SIZE 0.3 X 0.45

COLUMN SIZE 0.45 X 0.30


3.00

3.00

3.00

3.00

3.00

15.00

ELEVATION

The Member Weight method is explained as follows:


1 . Geometry Creation :
New Project Select Space Length =meters; Force=KN;
File Name=Seismic Coefficient by Member weight method (MW) Next
Select Open Structure Wizard Finish.
Change to Frame models from Truss models Select Bay Frame and double click
on it.
Length X=15.0m No. of Bays =5

Each Bay =3.0m

Height Y=3.0m

No. of Bay=1 Each Bay =3.0m

Width Z=15.0m

No. of Bays=5

Each Bay =3.0m

Apply Transfer Model YesOk.


Go to front view.

2.Member Property :
Click General Property Define Rectangle

YD=0.45

ZD=0.30 Add

YD=0.45 ZD=0.30 AddClose . Highlight 0.45 x 0.30 Main menu Select


Beam parallel to X , Select Beam parallel to Z Assign to selected beam
Assign Yes Highlight 0.45 x 0.30 Select Beam parallel to Y
Assign to selected beam Assign Yes Close.
Deselect the nodes. Select beam cursor. Select the entire structureClick Translational
repeat Y No. of steps=10 Default spacing=3m Link OK.
3. Supports :
Go to front view.
Click Support Create Fixed Add. Highlight support 2 and select bottom most
support nodes by windowing using node cursor Assign to selected nodes
Assign Yes Close De select the nodes and change to beam cursor.
4. Loads :
Main menu Commands Loading Definitions Seismic load IS 1893-2002.
Seismic Parameters appear. Select IS1893-2002. Click Generate .
IS1893 seismic parameters screen will appear.
Select Zone =III. Z=0.16
Response Reduction Facto (RF) : (For Special RC MRF) = 5
Importance factor (I) =1.5
Rock/soil type (SS) : (For Medium soil)=2
Structure Type (ST) : (For RC Frame Building)=1
Damping Ratio (DM) = 0.05%
Period in X = 0.09 h =0.09 x33
dx

12

Period in Z = 0.09 h =0.09 x33


dz

=0.86 sec.
=0.86sec.

12

Generate Add Close.


Click Zone 0.16 RF 5 I 1.5 SS 2 ST 1 DM 0.05 0.86 0.86 Add
Seismic Definition screen will appear.

Click Self weight Selfweight 1 Add.


Click Member weight Loading type: UNI

Weight=12 KN/m Add.

Weight w1=6 KN/m Add.


Weight w1=4 KN/m Add.
Click Floor Weight Pressure: 4KN/m2 (Dead load)
Y range: Mini=3.0m Max=30.0m Add.
Pressure: 0.5KN/m2 (25% of Live Load)
Y range: Mini=30.2m Max=33.0m Add Close.
Highlight selfweight Select to view Assign.
Click Cut section iconGo to Front view
Highlight Member load w1= 12 KN/m Go to Front view Select Beam parallel
toX and Z. Front elevation view. Right click New view Ok.
Select only typical floor beams except roof beam create new view Ok.
Plan view Highlight w1=-12Select the outer portion of beams (9 wall portion )
Assign to selected beams Assign Yes.
Highlight Member weight w=6KN/m. Select inner portion of the beam in plan
view Assign to selected beam Assign YesClose.
Go to front view Select top portion by windowing Right click New view OK.
Plan view Select outer portion of beam and highlight 4KN/m Assign to selected
beam Assign YesClose.
Note: In Seismic analysis always first load case shall be seismic load only.
Click load case details on data area Add.
Number 1 Loading type: Seismic
Title: EQ in X +ve Add Close.
Click Load case details Add.
Number 2 Loading type: Seismic
Title: EQ in X -ve Add Close.
Click Load case details Add.
Number 3 Loading type: Seismic
Title: EQ in Z+ve Add Close.

Click Load case details Add.


Number 4 Loading type: Seismic
Title: EQ in Z-ve Add.
Click Load case details Add.
Number 5: Loading type: Dead
Title: DL Add .
Click Load case details Add.
Number 6: Loading type: Live
Title: LL Add Close.
Highlight Load case1 Add.
Seismic load X direction Factor: 1Add.
Highlight Load case 2Add.
Seismic load X direction Factor :-1Add.
Highlight Load case 3 Add.
Seismic load Z direction Factor :1Add.
Highlight Load case 4 Add.
Seismic load Z direction Factor :-1AddClose.
Click Load case 5 (Dead Load)Add.
Selfweight Selfweight Y Factor:-1 Add.
Member weightLoading type
Uni Weight =-12KN/m Add. (9 wall load)
Weight =-6KN/m Add. (4.5 wall load)
Weight =-4KN/m Add. (parapet wall load)
Floor Load Pressure: -4 KN/m2
Global Y Define Y range Mini.=3.0m

Max.=30.0m Add

Floor Load Pressure: -5.25 KN/m2


Global Y Define Y range Mini.=30.2m

Max.=33.0m Add

Highlight Selfweight Y -1 Assign to view Assign Yes.

Highlight Member load - 12 KN/m Go to Front view Select Beam parallel toX
and Z. Front elevation view. Right click New view Ok.
Select only typical floor beams except roof beam create new view Ok.
Plan view Highlight w1=-12Select the outer portion of beams (9 wall portion )
Assign to selected beams Assign Yes.
Highlight Member weight W=-6KN/m Cut section . Go to Plan view Select inner
portion of the beam Assign to selected beams Assign Yes
Right click New view create a new view OK. Plan view Select outer
portion of the beam Assign to selected beam AssignYes Close.
Click Load case 6 (Live load)Add.
Floor Load pressure :-2 KN/m2
Define Y range Mini.= 3.0m

Max.=30.0m Add

Floor load Pressure =-1.50KN/m2. Y range Mini=30.2 Max=33.0 Add.


To give Perform Analysis Change command:
High Light Load case 2: EQ in X-Ve.
Click Analysis/Print Perform Analysis Load Data Add Check After current
Click Change Add Check After current.
High Light Load case 3: EQ in Z+Ve.
Click Analysis/Print Perform Analysis Load Data Add Check After current
Click Change Add Check After current.
High Light Load case 4: EQ in Z-Ve.
Click Analysis/Print Perform Analysis Load Data Add Check After current
Click Change Add Check After current.
Defining Load Combination Using Auto Load Combination:
Commands LoadingEdit Auto loads Select Indian code.
Click New category
Category name: say EQ
No. of Rule

: 4 OK.

Rule No.
1
2
3
4

Dead
1.5
1.5
1.2
0.9

Live
1.5
-1.2
---

Seismic
-1.5
1.2
1.5

Click Update Table Close.


Click Load case details Add.
Click Auto load combination select code: Indian.
Category: EQ Click Generate loads Check create Repeat Load Add Close.
Load list:
Main menu Commands Loadingload list ( Select the required load cases
from 7 to 19 on other side by highlighting and clicking > to take the load comb on
other side.) OK.
5.Design :
Click DesignConcreteCurrent code :IS456 Define
ParametersFc=30000KN/m2Add
Fymain=415000KN/m2Add
Fysec=415000KN/m2Add
Ratio=3%Add.
Click Command Design BeamAdd
Design ColumnAdd. Take offAddClose.
Highlight Fck =30000 and Select entire structure Assign to selected beam
AssignYes .
Highlight Fymain =415000 and Select entire structure Assign to selected beam
AssignYes .
Highlight Fysec =415000 and Select entire structure Assign to selected beam
AssignYes .
Highlight Ratio=3% and Select entire structure Assign to selected beam
AssignYes

Highlight Design Beam SelectBeam parallel to X SelectBeam parallel to


Z Assign to selected beam AssignYes.
Highlight Design Column Select bottom most column in Ground Floor Assign to
selected beam AssignYes .
Highlight Takeoff Assign to viewAssign YesClose.
6.Analysis Type :
Click Analysis/print No print Add.
Click Post printDefine CommandsAnalysis resultsAddClose.
7.Perform Analysis :
From Main Menu ` Analysis Run Analysis
View output file Done.
8. Results :
Go to post processing mode. Results.
Deflection :
Click Deflection icon Results View ValueBeam Results Deflection Annotate.
Bending moment Mz:
Click Bending Moment Mz icon Results View ValueBeam Results Bending
Moment Ends Mid SpanAnnotate.
Shear force Fy:
Click Shear Force Fy icon Results View ValueBeam Results Shear Force Ends
Annotate.
Axial Force Fx:
Click Axial Force Fx icon Results View ValueBeam Results Axial Force Ends
Annotate.
Note: Before going to another result remove the tick mark in Beam results.
Design Check:
Main menu Select By specificationAll failed beams.
Go to modeling mode.
Select Column (at bottom portion) Double click the columnConcrete design. Check

the bottom most storey column. If some columns in GF inner are failed, change the
size of the column for inner portion and again run the analysis, verify the result.
Similarly check the beam by double click the particular beam for find the reinforcement.
If all are passed ok. Otherwise revise the beam section if failed.
Report :
Click report set up icon.
Available :
Input

Output

Selected :
1. Sections
2. Supports
3. Loadings
Beam End Forces
Reactions
Beam Max Axial Forces
Beam Max moments
Beam Force Details Summary Ok.

Click Report setup icon Click input from available from left side.
Select sections , Loadings and sent to Right side by clicking > Select output.
From output select Beam end forces, reactions, Reactions, Shear forces, axial forces,
Beam force detail summary.
To Take picture:
Click Take picture icon Enter the title of the sketch. Then Go to report set up. Select
picture Album. If you want to change the sketch title enter the title in caption.
Adjust the picture size by adjusting height & width. Select Full page.
To export Results in word file:
File Export Report MS word file. Click save.