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PHYS-2325: University Physics-I

HOMEWORK PROBLEMS

CRN 50394

Chapter 15:

Khalid Bukhari

HW-15

OSCILLATORY MOTION

Hand in your answers in class on scantron on Monday 09 August, 2010.


1.
In an engine, a piston oscillates with simple harmonic motion so that its position
varies according to the expression

x 5.00 cm cos 2t
6

where x is in centimeters and t is in seconds. Find the period of the motion.


a.
1.14 s
b.
2.14 s
c.
3.14 s
2. A simple harmonic oscillator takes 12.0 s to undergo five complete vibrations. Find the
angular frequency in radians per second.
a.
2.62 r/s
b.
1.62 r/s
c.
0.62 r/s
3. A piston in a gasoline engine is in simple harmonic motion. Taking the extremes of its
position relative to its center point as 5.00 cm, find the maximum velocity of the piston
when the engine is running at the rate of 3 600 rev/min.
a.
18.8 m/s
a.
15.5 m/s
a.
11.1 m/s
4. A simple pendulum has a mass of 0.250 kg hanging by a string of length of 1.00 m. It
is displaced through an angle of 15.0 and then released. Where will the tension in the
string be maximum.
a.
at = 15
b.
at = 0
5. 7. A 0.500-kg object attached to a spring with a force constant of 8.00 N/m vibrates
in simple harmonic motion with an amplitude of 10.0 cm. Calculate (a) the maximum
value of its speed and acceleration, (b) the speed and acceleration when the object is 6.00
cm from the equilibrium position, and (c) the time interval required for the object to
move from x = 0 to x = 8.00 cm.
5a)
a. v=40 cm/s, a=40 cm/s2
b. v=40 cm/s a=160 cm/s2 c. v=160 cm/s a=40 cm/s2
6b)
a. v=32 cm/s, a=40 cm/s2
b. v=32 cm/s a=96 cm/s2
c. v=32 cm/s a=-96 cm/s2
7c)
a. t=0.232 s b. t=0.323 s c. t=0.4s

PHYS-2325: University Physics-I

CRN 50394

Khalid Bukhari

HW-15

8 11 A 2.00-kg object is attached to a spring and placed on a horizontal, smooth


surface. A horizontal force of 20.0 N is required to hold the object at rest when it is pulled
0.200 m from its equilibrium position (the origin of the x axis). The object is now
released from rest with an initial position of xi = 0.200 m, and it subsequently undergoes
simple harmonic oscillations. Find (a) the force constant of the spring, (b) the frequency
of the oscillations, and (c) the maximum speed of the object. Where does this maximum
speed occur? (d) Find the maximum acceleration of the object.
8a)
9b)
10c)
11d)

a.
a.
a.
a.

100 N/m
1.51 Hz
1.41 m/s
5 m/s2

b.
b.
b.
b.

200 N/m
1.13 Hx
1.61 m/s
15 m/s2

c.
c.
c.
c.

300 N/m
0.91 Hz
1.81 m/s
10 m/s2

12.
While riding behind a car traveling at 3.00 m/s, you notice that one of the cars
tires has a small hemispherical bump on its rim as shown in Figure P15.23. If the radii of
the cars tires are 0.300 m, what is the bumps period of oscillation?

a.

0.528 s

b. 0.628 s

c. 0.728 s

13.
A simple pendulum is 5.00 m long. What is the period of small oscillations for
this pendulum if it is located in an elevator accelerating upward at 5.00 m/s2?
a. 3.65 s
b. 3.85 s
c. 4.05 s

PHYS-2325: University Physics-I

CRN 50394

Khalid Bukhari

HW-15

HOMEWORK PROBLEMS
Chapter 16: WAVE MOTION
Hand in your answers in class on scantron on Monday 09 August, 2010. Starting from 81
on scantron.
7. A sinusoidal wave is traveling along a rope. The oscillator that generates the wave
completes 40.0 vibrations in 30.0 s. Also, a given maximum travels 425 cm along the
rope in 10.0 s. What is the wavelength of the wave?
a.
b.
c.

0.519 m
0.419 m
0.319 m

8. For a certain transverse wave, the distance between two successive crests is 1.20 m,
and eight crests pass a given point along the direction of travel every 12.0 s. Calculate the
wave speed.
a.
0.8 m/s
b.
0.6 m/s
c.
0.4 m/s

9. A wave is described by y = (2.00 cm) sin (kx t), where k = 2.11 rad/m, = 3.62 rad/s,
x is in meters, and t is in seconds. Determine the amplitude, wavelength, frequency, and
speed of the wave.
a.
b.
c.

A = 2.0 cm
A = 4.0 cm
A = 6.0 cm

= 2.98 cm
= 2.00 cm
= 2.98 cm

f = 0.576 Hz
f = 0.777 Hz
f = 0.576 Hz

v = 1.72 m/s
v = 1.72 m/s
v = 1.72 m/s

4. A seismographic station receives S and P waves from an earthquake, 17.3 s apart.


Assume the waves have traveled over the same path at speeds of 4.50 km/s and 7.80
km/s. Find the distance from the seismograph to the hypocenter of the earthquake.
a. 100 km
b. 153 km
c. 184 km
23. A piano string having a mass per unit length equal to 5.00 103 kg/m is under a
tension of 1 350 N. Find the speed with which a wave travels on this string.
a. 520 m/s
b. 823 m/s
c. 1040 m/s
3

PHYS-2325: University Physics-I

CRN 50394

Khalid Bukhari

HW-15

24. Transverse pulses travel with a speed of 200 m/s along a taut copper wire whose
diameter is 1.50 mm. What is the tension in the wire? (The density of copper is 8.92
g/cm3.)
a. 429 N
b. 532 N
c. 631 N
25. An astronaut on the Moon wishes to measure the local value of the free-fall
acceleration by timing pulses traveling down a wire that has an object of large mass
suspended from it. Assume a wire has a mass of 4.00 g and a length of 1.60 m and
assume a 3.00-kg object is suspended from it. A pulse requires 36.1 ms to traverse the
length of the wire. Calculate gMoon from these data. (You may ignore the mass of the wire
when calculating the tension in it.)
a. 0.51 m/s2
b. 1.64 m/s2 c. 1.02 m/s2

PHYS-2325: University Physics-I

CRN 50394

Khalid Bukhari

HW-15

HOMEWORK PROBLEMS
Chapter 17: SOUND WAVES
Hand in your answers in class on scantron on Monday 09 August, 2010. Starting from 91
on scantron.
1. Suppose you hear a clap of thunder 16.2 s after seeing the associated lightning
stroke. The speed of sound in air is 343 m/s, and the speed of light in air is 3.00 108
m/s. How far are you from the lightning stroke? Do you need to know the value of the
speed of light to answer? Explain.
a.
b.
c.

5.56 km
4.56 km
3.56 km

3. A dolphin in seawater at a temperature of 25C makes a chirp. How much time passes
before it hears an echo from the bottom of the ocean, 150 m below?
a.
b.
c.

0.196 s
0.141 s
0.121 s

16. The area of a typical eardrum is about 5.00 105 m2. Calculate the sound power
incident on an eardrum at (a) the threshold of hearing and (b) the threshold of pain.
a.
b.
c.

5 x 10-17 W,
5 x 10-17 W,
8 x 10-17 W,

5 x10-5 W
8 x10-5 W
5 x10-5 W

33. A driver travels northbound on a highway at a speed of 25.0 m/s. A police car,
traveling southbound at a speed of 40.0 m/s, approaches with its siren producing sound at
a frequency of 2 500 Hz. (a) What frequency does the driver observe as the police car
approaches? (b) What frequency does the driver detect after the police car passes him? (c)
Repeat parts (a) and (b) for the case when the police car is traveling northbound.
a.
b.
c.

2.04 kHz,
3.04 kHz,
5.04 kHz,

2.8 kHz
2.8 kHz
3.04 kHz
5

PHYS-2325: University Physics-I

CRN 50394

Khalid Bukhari

HW-15

35. Standing at a crosswalk, you hear a frequency of 560 Hz from the siren of an
approaching ambulance. After the ambulance passes, the observed frequency of the siren
is 480 Hz. Determine the ambulances speed from these observations.
a.
26.4 m/s
b.
36.4 m/s
c.
16.4 m/s

5. A flowerpot is knocked off a balcony 20.0 m above the sidewalk and falls toward an
unsuspecting 1.75-m-tall man who is standing below. How close to the sidewalk can the
flowerpot fall before it is too late for a warning shouted from the balcony to reach the
man in time? Assume the man below requires 0.300 s to respond to the warning. The
ambient temperature is 20C.
a. 7.82 m
b. 12.2 m
c. 15.1 m

17. Calculate the sound level (in decibels) of a sound wave that has an intensity of 4.00
W/m2.
a. 46 dB
b. 66 dB
c. 86 dB
25. The power output of a certain public address speaker is 6.00 W. Suppose it broadcasts
equally in all directions. (a) Within what distance from the speaker would the sound be
painful to the ear? (b) At what distance from the speaker would the sound be barely
audible?
A
a. 0.591 m
b. 0.691 m
c. 0.88 m
B
a. 0.591 km b. 69.1 km
c. 691 km

28. A fireworks rocket explodes at a height of 100 m above the ground. An observer on
the ground directly under the explosion experiences an average sound intensity of 7.00
102 W/m2 for 0.200 s. (a) What is the total sound energy of the explosion? (b) What is the
sound level (in decibels) heard by the observer?
A
B

a. 1.76 kJ
a. 96 dB

b. 2.26 kJ
b. 108 dB

c. 1.7 J
c. 146 dB

PHYS-2325: University Physics-I

HOMEWORK PROBLEMS

CRN 50394

Khalid Bukhari

HW-15

Chapter 18: SUPERPOSITION AND


STANDING WAVES

Hand in your answers in class on scantron on .


1.

Two waves in one long string are described by the wave functions:
y1 = 3.0Cos(4.0x 1.6t) and
y2 = 4.0Cos(5.0x 2.0t)
where x and y are in cm and t is in seconds. Find the value of y when the two waves are
in superposition at a point x=1.0 cm and t=0.5s.
a.
6.02 cm
b.
-6.02 cm
c.
3.01 cm
d.
-3.01 cm

2.
A string is stretched and fixed at both ends, 200 cm apart. If the density of the string is
0.015 g/cm, and its tension is 600 N, what is the wavelength (in cm) of the first harmonic?
a.
600
b.
400
c.
800
d.
1000
e.
200

3.
A stretched string is observed to vibrate in three equal segments when driven by a 480 Hz
oscillator. What is the fundamental frequency of vibration for this string?
a.
480 Hz
b.
320 Hz
c.
160 Hz
d.
640 Hz
e.
240 Hz

4.
Two tuning forks with frequencies 264 and 262 Hz produce "beats". What is the beat
frequency (in Hz)?
a.
4
b.
2
c.
1
d.
3
e.
0 (no beats are produced)