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ME 63 Mid-year 2015-2016 Problem Set 2

Answer only 10 problems.

Find the phase and the missing properties of P, T,

v, u, and x for water at

a. 500 kPa, 100C

b. 5000 kPa, u = 800 kJ/kg

c. 5000 kPa, v = 0.06 m3/kg d. −6◦C, v = 1 m3/kg

Find the phase and the missing properties of P, T, v, u, and x for

a. Water at 5000 kPa, u = 3000 kJ/kg

b. Ammonia at 50C, v = 0.08506 m3/kg

c. Ammonia at 28C, 1200 kPa

d. R-134a at 20C, u = 350 kJ/kg

Saturated liquid water at 20C is compressed to a higher pressure with constant temperature. Find

the

changes in u and h from the initial state when the

final pressure is

a. 500 kPa

b. 2000 kPa

A piston/cylinder contains carbon dioxide at

20C and quality 75%. It is compressed in a process

wherein pressure is linear in volume to a state

of 3 MPa and 20C. Find specific heat transfer

A constant-pressure piston/cylinder assembly

contains 0.2 kg water as saturated vapor at 400 kPa.

It is now cooled so that the water occupies half of

the original volume. Find the heat transfer in the process.

A cylinder fitted with a frictionless piston contains

2 kg of superheated refrigerant R-134a vapor at 350 kPa, 100C. The cylinder is now cooled so that the

R-134a remains at constant pressure until it reaches

a quality of 75%. Calculate the heat transfer in the process.

A rigid tank holds 0.75 kg ammonia at 70C as

saturated vapor. The tank is now cooled to 20C by heat transfer to the ambient. Which two properties determine the final state? Determine the amount

of work and heat transfer during the process.

A vertical cylinder fitted with a piston contains 5

kg of R-410a at 10C, as shown in Fig. P5.70. Heat

is transferred to the system, causing the piston to

rise until it reaches a set of stops, at which point the

volume has doubled. Additional heat is transferred

until the temperature inside reaches 50C, at which point the pressure inside the cylinder is 1.4 MPa.

a. What is the quality at the initial state?

b. Calculate the heat transfer for the overall

process.

b. Calculate the heat transfer for the overall process. A rigid tank A of volume 0.6

A rigid tank A of volume 0.6 m3 contains 3 kg of

water at 120C, and rigid tank B is 0.4 m3 with

water at 600 kPa, 200C. They are connected to a piston/cylinder initially empty with closed valves

as shown in Fig. P5.75. The pressure in the cylinder should be 800 kPa to float the piston. Now the

valves are slowly opened and heat is transferred so that the water reaches a uniform state at 250C with the valves open. Find the final volume and pressure, and the work and heat transfer in the

process.

and pressure, and the work and heat transfer in the process. Nitrogen at 300 K, 3

Nitrogen at 300 K, 3 MPa is heated to 500 K. Find the change in enthalpy using (a) Table B.6, (b) Table A.8, and (c) Table A.5.

A

rigid tank has 1 kg air at 300 K, 120 kPa and it

is

heated by a heater to 1500 K. Use Table A.7 to

find the work and the heat transfer for the process.

A rigid container has 2 kg of carbon dioxide gas at

100 kPa and 1200 K that is heated to 1400 K. Solve for the heat transfer using (a) the heat capacity from Table A.5 and (b) properties from Table A.8.

A piston/cyclinder contains 1.5 kg air at 300 K and

150 kPa. It is now heated in a two-step process:

first, by a constant-volume process to 1000 K (state

2) followed by a constant-pressure process to 1500

K, state 3. Find the heat transfer for the process.

A cylinder with a piston restrained by a linear spring

contains 2 kg of carbon dioxide at 500 kPa and 400C. It is cooled to 40C, at which point the pressure is 300 kPa. Calculate the heat transfer for the process.

A piston/cylinder contains 0.1 kg nitrogen at 100

kPa, 27C and it is compressed in a polytropic process with n = 1.25 to a pressure of 250 kPa. Find

the heat transfer

A piston/cylinder arrangement of initial volume

0.025 m3 contains saturated water vapor at 180C. The steam now expands in a polytropic process with exponent n = 1 to a final pressure of 200 kPa while it does work against the piston. Determine the heat transfer for this process.