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Museums of Moscow

Museums
of Moscow

Literary Museums

2
4
26

Moscows Historical
and Local Lore Museums

40

Scientific

56

Museums of Moscow
Theaters

66

Musical Museums
of Moscow

72

Small Children

78

Unusual Museums
of Moscow

83

Estate Museums

89

Museums of Moscow
Arts Museums

Museums of Moscow

Museums
of Moscow
Speaking in dry statistical terms,
Moscow averages about 450 museums,
about a hundred of them are
showrooms. Number of yearly visitors
to museums in Moscow exceeds
5 million people.
Every year, Moscow museums conduct
over 700 museum exhibitions
and more than 50,000 tours. The
most significant events with
museum participation are Days of

Guidebook

Historical and Cultural Heritage,


International Museum Forum,
International Festival Fashion and
Style in Photography, International
Photobiennale Photography Month
in Moscow, and a joint project of the
Museum of Moscow and museums
of Moscow region, the Necklace of
Moscow Museums. Our capital city
does not stay away from the Night at
the Museum event, with participation
of about 80 city museums.
Many museums offer various
additional benefits and discounts,
including the ones encouraging
group and family trips to the

museum. And since 2012, they


implemented an action for museums
under jurisdiction of the Moscow
Department of Culture, giving free
access to participating museums for
all categories of citizens on every
third Sunday of the month.
Most museums have programs that
involve a variety of visiting options,
such as multiple-entry passes,lectures,
tours, workshops, includinglong-term
ones, and, of course, special programs
for children. An environment is
created here for preschool and
school children to make them feel
comfortable in the museum space.

Every museum in Moscow has its


own interesting history. As we know,
the first museum of Russia was the
Kunstkamera - originally a cabinet
of rarities, presently a Museum of
Anthropology and Ethnography named
after Peter the Great, it belongs to the
Russian Academy of Sciences, and is
located in St. Petersburg. Its history
dates back to 1714. In Moscow, the
Kremlin Armory is considered to be
the first museum of the city; it was
originally used as the royal treasury,
but in 1806, it has received the
official status of a museum by decree
of Emperor Alexander I On the rules
of management and conservation in
order and integrity in the Workshop
and Armory values. Besides, even
earlier, by orders of the Senate from
1738, it was decreed to bring the most
unusual and curious things to the
Workshop of the Armory. Presently,
almost all of the Kremlin territory is
a museum called the State Historical
and Cultural Museum-Preserve The
Moscow Kremlin, and its ensemble
is included in UNESCO World Heritage
List.
The history of museums in Moscow is
also associated with philanthropy and
charity. Without exaggeration, the
best-known philanthropist and patron
of Russian art was Pavel Mikhailovich
Tretyakov. He gathered and presented
to the city an impressive collection
of works of art which became the
foundation of the world-famous
Tretyakov Gallery.

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Guidebook

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Museums of Moscow

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MARINA ROSCHA

AVELOVSKAYA

All-Russian Museum
Association State Tretyakov Gallery
1

This is one of the most popular Moscow museums and, at the same time,
one of thelargest collections of artworks by Russian painters. The Tretyakov Gallery collection encompasses
icons, classical paintings, graphics
artworks, sculptures as well as works
of modern art. Many Muscovites as
well as guests of Moscow have visited
this gallery before, and yet they keep
coming back, again and again, in order
to stroll through its halls in the original building in the Lavrushinsky Lane.
The reason is that beside its permanent collections, the State Tretya-

Museums of Moscow

Guidebook

Ivan Shishkin.
Oak Grove. 1887

Ilya Repin.
Cossacks, 1880-1891

Ilya Repin.
Self Portrait, 1887

kov Gallery and its branches always


organize temporary exhibitions that
provide accents to the various facets
of Russian fine arts and also continuous work is being done on re-arranging and re-decorating the museums
existing rooms. In 2007, for example,
a new and refurbished room for M.A.
Vrubels works was opened in which

large canvases could atlast exist,


breathe and move, due to additional
space provided. Educational activities
andlectures are an integral part of the
work done by the staff of the State
Tretyakov Gallery. During the 20122013 season, for example, the gallery
is offering a program consisting of
38 membership subscriptions, that is
the total of 216lectures! One can say
without exaggerating the truth that
anyone visiting the Tretyakovka (as
it is popularly known) gets inside a
realm of beauty making ownlife more
vibrant, richer in content, and highly
charged.
It all started in 1856 when Pavel
Mikhailovich Tretyakov made the first
step on thelong road of building up
hislegendary collection: he bought
two paintings created by Russian
painters. The collection started growing right away, so that as early as

1867 the Pavel and Sergei Tretyakov


Moscow City Gallery opened its doors
to visitors.
The main event happened, however,
in 1892 when Pavel Mikhailovich
donated his arts gallery to the city
of Moscow. By that time the following has already become a part of the
collection: 1287 oils and 518 graphics
works, 75 paintings and 8 drawings of
the European school, 15 sculptures
and an icon collection.
Pavel Mikhailovich Tretyakov was
collecting works of art guided only by
his own taste, and it has become clear
over time how well he knew the arts
and how he considered art to be an
important factor not only the cultural,
but also for the social and political
life of the Russian society.
He was capable of recognizing artistic
advantages of an art work even
though it may have been regarded by

I.Kramskoy.
Portrait of the Artist Ivan
Shishkin,1873

the critics and the general public as


controversial or even questionable or
disregarding the fact that the author
was still an unknown or a very young
person.
The Tretyakov Gallery is proud today

Museums of Moscow

Guidebook

M.Vrubel.
Portrait V.Brusov, 1906

M.Vrubel.
Pan, 1899

to have as of its collection the paintings of such great Russian artists as


I. Ye. Repin, V. G. Perov, I. N. Kramskoy, I. I. Shishkin, V. M. Vasnetsov,
I. I. Levitan, A. K. Savrasov, V. D.
Polenov, V. I. Surikov, V. A. Serov,
M. A. Vrubel, B. M. Kustodiev, N. K.
Roerich, I. E. Grabar, A. A. Deyneka, P.
P. Konchalovsky, V. I. Mukhina, Yu. I.
Pimenov, T. N. Yablonskaya and many
more.
Next to the main building of the
Tretyakov Gallery there stands the
Engineering Building. Great temporary exhibitions are being arranged
here, following one another, and each
truly becomes a special event in the
culturallife of Russias capital.
A special mention deserves the
branch of the State Tretyakov Gallery
located at the Krymsky Val. Its permanent exhibit shows modern art presenting the art works from the 1920s

M.Vrubel.
Spain, 1894

1960s of thelast century. It makes a


special impression on the viewer due
to the stark contrast between Russian
avant-garde artists and those who
followed the state approved path of
Socialist Realism. Organically com-

Museums of Moscow

plementing one another, both artistic


styles are well represented in the
permanent exhibition recreating the
overall panorama of the complex and
contradictory 20th century; they also
help better get to know the various
genres, directions and artistic movements of the modern art scene.
The Museum Association also
comprises the Museum Church of St
Nicholas in Tolmachy, as well as personal house museums of A. M. Vasnetsov, V. M. Vasnetsov, A. S. Golubkina
and P. D. Korin.

The Pushkin State


Museum of Fine Arts
2

Most Russians need no preliminary


words for introducing the Pushkin
Museumjudging, for example, on
thelonglines of those who wish to
visit its exhibitions: such enormous
lines in front of this museum are

10

Guidebook

pretty common. Well, evenlong waiting times will not thwart those who
wish to partake of the beauty of art.
It should be noted, however, thatlong
lines appear mostly during school
holidays or when some really amazing special exhibition is on show.
Otherwise, it is possible to enter the
museum without any problems, so
that anyone may enter and see the
collections of art works from differ-

ent countries and historical periods.


Every year close to one million visitors come to this museum.
The Fine Arts Museum was opened
in 1912, and its role was to provide
a special great function of presenting to its visitors the panorama of
the development of the arts starting
from the Antiquity. Not only works
of art represent different eras and
countries, but also the design of the
museum rooms. The museum has been
shaping its special concept for one
hundred years now making it easier
for many to approach art and get to
know it.
In 2006 a great gift was presented to
all of us wholove this great museum:
the Gallery of Art from the Countries
of Western Europe and America of the
19th and 20th centuries was opened

as a part of the Museum Quarters


of the Pushkin State Museum of
Fine Arts. This rather small but cozy
building houses the art works from
the time periods closest to our times,
among which a rich collection of
French Impressionists enjoys a special
attention.
It is well known that many museums
were originally created and replenished by private collections each of
which would reflect the special interests and hobbies of its owner. Such
collectors were true connoisseurs of
art having their own agenda, their
own understanding of their purpose,
and thus they would donate to the
museum not a number of disjointed
art pieces but rather a special realm
of artistic achievement united by
an overall design. The Department
of Private Collections of the Pushkin
State Museum of Fine Arts was created
with a special purpose of keeping the
integrity of such collections.

11

Museums of Moscow

Guidebook

S. Roerich.
Girnar, 1942

State Museum
of Oriental Art
3

Oriental art, just as Oriental philosophy, always seems to us to be enigmatic and attractive. It is possible
tolearn the special features of the
works of art that had been created in
various countries while visiting the
State Museum of Oriental Art which is
located in downtown Moscow occupying a building featured by its Empire
Classicism and built by Domenico Gilardi, one of the most famous Moscow
architects.
Exhibit pieces on the display feature

12

the cultures and everydaylife of the


peoples of the Far East and Near
East, Central Asia, the Caucasus, the
Trans-Caucasian region, Kazakhstan,
Buryatia, the Chukchi Peninsula, etc.
Beside the permanent exhibition
representing a museum collection of
over 147500 pieces of art, the museum
organizes temporary exhibits, special
trips,lectures, publishes catalogs and
conducts activities for children.
Your first steps inside the museum
building willliterally transfer you to
an amazing, one-of-a-kind environment which will help you feel the
Orients special aura, with all of its

variety. You will see most interesting


exhibits on show representing the
art of Northern Asiacoming from
Siberia and the High North. You will
experience the fine carving covering
the magic charms as well as arrowheads and handles made of walrus
tusks. Each drawing was not only rich
in esthetic quality, but had its special, symbolic meaning. Some exhibits
were buried under the surface of the
soil for around two thousand years.
There are also exhibits related to
the three unique Oriental countries
which always enjoy a special interest of the visitors: China, Japan and

13

Museums of Moscow

Korea. As bearers of one of the oldest


civilizations on Earth, the Chinese
gave to this world many inventions
and were responsible for amazing
breakthroughs. Chinese art is noless
important for the world cultural heritage, and you can follow its evolution
by strolling through the museum
rooms.
Theland of the rising sun will always
enchant the students and admirers of
beauty, due to its singular identity.
This country, Japan, will only allow
you a short glimpse into its secrets,
but then it invariably hides behind a
skillfully ornamented screen. A symbol
of grace and full of succinct innuendos, Japanese art is represented in
the museums collections by over 450
exhibition pieces.
Objects related to the Korean culture
also make up a special collection
aiming to showcase the art of this

14

Guidebook

country taking it to the forefront, out


of the shadows created by a betterknown art of its neighbors, China and
Japan. Unique motives, techniques
and materials only emphasize the
independence of Korean artistic endeavor, its singularity and individuality. The art of other South-East Asian
countries is also presented in the
museum: Vietnam, Myanmar, Thailand,
Laos, Cambodia, and Indonesia.
One more feature of this museums
exposition is the culture and art of
Central Asia, which was settled by
the peoples belonging to the Altaic
and Sino-Tibetanlanguage families.
Most exhibits come from the cultures
of such people as Tibetans, Mongols
and Buryats. Very many exhibits are
related to Buddhism, their religion
which unites these peoples.
The arts of the Caucasus are pretty
well represented here. First and
foremost, the peoples of the Caucasus were famous for their fine art of
metalwork, and this feature of their
applied and decorative arts is shown
in their jewelry, weaponry and metal
plates. You can also see here carpets
and rugs, kitchenware and many
other, most interesting exhibition
pieces representing various facets of
artistic skills.
The exposition dedicated to Central
Asia and Kazakhstan also features
unique kitchenware: painted plates,
rugs and tapestry, jewelry and
textiles. Also the museum shows
paintings by famous artists dedicated
to the Caucasus and Central Asia. You

will feel the special aura of Oriental


fairy tales existing in the art of the
legendary and enigmatic Persia when
visiting the museum rooms featuring
Irans history.
Unique art of India, recognizable at
the first sight, is also shown in this
museum. An addition to this exhibit
is a collection of works dedicated to
the art of famous Russian painters, N.
K. Roerich and S. N. Roerich.
This is only a very brieflist of what
a visitor can see in the Museum of
Oriental Art It is a true treasure-trove
giving the visitor a chance to remember historical facts and to enjoy art
works of the widest possible variety
of genres, art schools, countries. They
all are united only by one feature:
they were all conceived and made in
the Orient which is always enigmatic,
subtle, unfailingly enchanting and
always promising some secrets.

Central Museum
of Ancient Russian Culture
and Art named after Andrei
Rublev
4

The history and the culture of a country is best appreciated via spiritual
values of its people. The culture and
art of Ancient Russia were in many
aspects founded on Russian Orthodox values. Churches, icons, frescoes,
books andliturgical objects were not
only meant to serve their direct functionthey were all making up the
realm for applying artistic mastery
and creative abilities of outstanding
artisans, builders and architects as
well as painters.
Conserving old works of art is the
most important task for future generations. The Andrei Rublev Museum
was established in 1947 at the territory of St. Andronicus Monastery of

15

Museums of Moscow

Guidebook

All-Russian Museum
of Decorative, Applied
and Folk Art
5

Anyone will judge an everyday item


not only by its functional purpose, but
also by its esthetic value. We all want
to be surrounded by beautiful objects.
Well, the idea of what is beautiful
depends, of course, on the taste of a
specific person. Yet some of the pretty
much down-to-earth objects deserve
to be called works of art
This museum features examples of
decorative, applied folk art reflecting
the specific character of the way of
life for the peoples who had beenliving

the Savior. This may seem an extraordinary fact considering the negative
attitude that the Soviet authorities
had towards religion. On the other
hand, establishing the museum did
not mean opening it to the general
public It was first and foremost
necessary to carefully rebuild the
devastated monastery as well as to

16

reinstate and to restore the icon collection. This work was completed only
in 1960, and the museum was opened
for visitors. However, the restoration
activities and further replenishment
of the museums collections is still
going on today.
Icons are best conserved under
special conditions that cannot be

achieved in the church environment.


So, when an icon becomes a part of
a museum collection, it is seemingly
loses its spiritual qualities becoming
simply a painting. Organizing this
museum within the environment of
the St. Andronicus Monastery of the
Savior has become a good solution
for this rather difficult ethical issue.
For Andrei Rublev, the best known
Russian icon painter, worked here at
this monastery in thelast years of his
life. Exhibits collected here present
a great panorama of the artistic
endeavor from the 11th to the 17th
century.
One more feature of this site is that
the oldest Moscow church built of
stone islocated here. It is the Savior
Cathedral erected in early 15th century, during Andrei Rublevslifetime.

on the territory of Russia from early


18th century to early 20th century. The
exposition shows items made of glass,
ceramics, china, metals, wood, textiles,
and bone; also, unique furniture is on
show, as well as jewelry, works of miniaturelacquer painting and much more.
The museum also hosts exhibitions
showing the art of different other
peoples. A special center for children
was established featuring a number
of interesting programs, including
those that are conducted in foreign
languages.

17

Museums of Moscow

Guidebook

State Research Museum


of Architecture named
after A.V. Shchusev
6

Architecture is certainly the most


open and most discussed segment
of art, because it shapes and creates
our streets, dictating the style of
life and the pattern of mindset. The
first architecture museum in the
world was established in Moscow in
order to systematize and generalize
existing material collected in this
regard. The museum shows graphics,
photographic images, 3D models and
other exhibits showing the history
of development of architecture, both
in Russia and beyond its boundaries.
This museum totals over one million
depository items.
Each of the museums exhibits relates
to very important topics, speaks
of architectural successes and of
abandoned or unrealized projects, of

18

the people wholeft a major imprint


on the history of architecture, and of
unique,legendary buildings. Information presented in the exhibits may be
interesting to specialists, but also to
those who is not indifferent to the
outlook of the streets in our cities,
who is ready to see history and art
behind the usual facades of existing
buildings.

Modern Art
There are quite many places in
Moscow that show modern art, at
times quite controversial, but also
in a way already a classic in its own
right. A visitor can see both works of
art created in the 20th century and
what is happening in the arts today:
topical events, performances, projects,
biannual events. You will always
experienceliving art in the rooms
of museums and galleries featuring

modern art, and whether you accept


or reject what you see, you wont be
able to deny that it does exist today.

Moscow Museum
of Modern Art
7

This museum was opened in 1999, and


it became well-known over the course
of its existence. Each of its buildings
(at present, there are four of them)
are united by the overall idealetting
the visitor experience interesting
works of art, such that can help to
make a deeper contact with modern
art that is filled with symbolic meanings and riddles.
The basis for the museums funds was
established by the private collection
of its founder and director, President
of the Russian Academy of Arts, Mr.
Zurab Tsereteli: it numbers over 2000
works of art by famous 20th-century
artists. The museums collections keep
growing, and some of the new items

are donations by its benefactors.


The main body of the collection
comprises works of art by the classical
masters of the Russian avant-garde
from early 20th century. These are
works by Kazimir Malevich, Marc Chagall, Natalia Goncharova and Mikhail
Larionov, Aristarkh Lentulov, Vladimir
Tatlin, Pavel Filonov and Vassily Kandinsky. Works of some foreign painters
are also exhibited here, e.g. by Pablo
Picasso, Fernand Lger, and Salvador
Dali.
The museum is proud to own paintings by Niko Pirosmani. This selftaught Georgian painter created his
paintings in a peculiar manner so that
spectators always remembered them
for along time due to their special
artistic expressiveness. His personality still enjoys a keen interest of
the general public. There are almost
no documented facts of Pirosmanis
life, but manylegends abound. One
story is that once he passionately

19

8Museums of Moscow

fell inlove with a French actress and


singer whose name was Margarita.
She would not, however, reciprocate
favorably to his advances. So, aiming
to impress his beloved, the painter
bought so many flowers for her that
they were covering the whole street
where her house stood. The actress
was so touched that she gave him a
kissbut not her heart Soon she
left Tiflis. Thislegend is the background for the popular song called
Million of Red Roses written by Andrei
Voznesensky. Today, Niko Pirosmanis
paintings can be seen not only in this
museum, but in such big collections
as State Museum of Oriental Art and
the Tretyakov Gallery.
The exposition of the Moscow Museum of Modern Art features also work
by nonconformist artists of the 19601980s: Ilia Kabakov, Anatoli Zverev,
Vladimir Yakovlev, Vladimir Nemukhin,
Vitaly Komar and Aleksandr Melamid,

20

Guidebook

Oscar Rabin, Dmitry Krasnopevtsev,


Leonid Shvartsman, Oleg Tselkov and
others.
The museum collection keeps receiving works of todays artists, such as
Boris Orlov, D. A. Prigov, Valery Koshlyakov, Vladimir Dubossarsky and Aleksandr Vinogradov, Oleg Kulik, Viktor
Pivovarov, Konstantin Zvezdochotov,
Andrei Bartenev and other painters.
The main building of this museum
in downtown Moscow is well-known
to both Muscovites and tourists
because Z.K. Tseretelis sculptures
are exhibited in its yard: they always
attract the attention of passers-by,
so people come in andlook at the
sculptures, take pictures. The building
that houses the museum is rather
special. It was built after the design
of the famous Moscow architect M. F.
Kazakov and it is one of the few of his
designs that survived during the war
of 1812.

More buildings are used as exhibition


spaces of this museum: they are a
building in the Yermolayevsky Lane,
a gallery at the Tverskoi Boulevard
and the old building of the Russian
Academy of Art at the Gogolevsky
Boulevard.

Central House
of Artists (CHA)
8

The Central House of Artists has


gotten a special fame of one of
the most progressive, alternative
and eventful locations in Russias
capital. Exhibitions of legendary and
beginning artists and photographers
are organized here, complemented
by concerts and film viewings. A
lot of attention is usually given to
annual events like Antique Dealers
Show, ART Moscow (arts show), ARCH
Moscow (architectural show) and
many more.

Moscow Association
of Museum and Exhibition
Work Museon
9

The Arts Park and Museon, an outdoors


museum behind the CHA building, is
one of the most favored places for
promenading Muscovites and guests
of Moscow. Over 900 sculptures
are collected here in the park, and
some of them are monuments of the
Soviet era that were removed from
the streets and squares of Russias
capital. This is a place where sculptural portraits of the best workers of
Soviet era stand next to a monument
to (fictitious) Grandpa Mazai and his
jackrabbits, where sculptures of most
varied genres and styles are displayed. This is a place tolook art with
an ingenuous smile, not with a serious
attitude of an arts connoisseur. And,
of course, one can take many pictures
here that can be a revelation even for

21

Museums of Moscow

Guidebook

those who may think that they have


seen all of Moscows museums.

10

Modern Art Center


Winzavod
10

Winzavod is alocation where everything is unique: from the name of this


art project (inherited from previous
wine factory that waslocated here)
down to the works of art exhibited in
its halls. Besides, this is not simply
a number of art galleries, each of
which presents its own exhibitions
and projects, but alocation united by
a common idea; one can hearlectures
here, witness unusual events, realize
educational projects. Whenever you
may come and see whats up here, you
willleave with strong,lively impressions after having had met with
todays art.

22

Multimedia
Art Museum
10

Photography as a direction of visual


arts is becoming ever more popular
with the broadest strata of the society. Although almost everyone today
owns a camera or two, the interest
to the work of masters of this genre
is still on the rise. You can see the
work of acknowledged masters and
learn of the most recent trends in
photography when visiting exhibitions organized at the Moscow House
of Photography.

23

Museums of Moscow

All-Russian Museum Association State Tretyakov Gallery


www.tretyakovgallery.ru
8 (499) 230 77 88
Moscow, Lavrushinsky Lane, 10
Tue, Wed, Sat, Sun from 10.00 to 18.00
Thu, Fri from 10.00 to 21.00, Mon closed
Entrances, transit, service

Guidebook

State Research Museum


of Architecture named after
A.V. Shchusev
www.muar.ru
8 (495) 691 21 09
Moscow, Vozdvizhenka, 5/25
Tue - Sun from 11.00 to 19.00, Thu
from 13.00 to 21.00

10 Modern Art Center Winzavod

www.winzavod.ru
8 (495) 917 46 46
Moscow, 4 Syromyatnicheskiy Lane, 1
house 6
Daily from 11.00 to 21.00
Parking, entrances, transit

Pushkin State Museum of Fine Arts


www.arts-museum.ru
8 (495) 697 74 12
Volkhonka St. 12
Daily from 10.00 to 19.00, Thu from 10.00 to 21.00
3

State Museum of Oriental Art


www.orientmuseum.ru
8 (495) 691 96 14
Moscow, Nikitsky Boulevard, 12-a
Daily from 11.00 to 20.00, Mon closed
4

Central Museum of Ancient Russian Culture and Art


named after Andrei Rublev
www.rublev-museum.ru
8 (495) 678 14 89
Moscow, Andronievskaya Square, 10
Daily from 11.00 to 18.00, except Wed and thelast Fri of the month

Moscow Museum of Modern Art


www.mmoma.ru/
8 (495) 231 36 60
Moscow, Petrovka Street, 25
Mon-Wed and Fri-Sun from 12.00 to
20.00, Thu from 13.00 to 21.00
Closed every third Monday of the
month
Entrances, transit

11 Multimedia Art Museum

www.mamm-mdf.ru
8 (495) 637 11 22
Moscow, Ostozhenka St, 16
Tues - Sun from 12.00 to 21.00
Mon off
Entrances, transit

Central House of Artists (CHA)


www.cha.ru
8 (499) 238 96 34
Moscow, Krymsky Val 10
Daily from 11.00 to 20.00
Mon off
Parking, entrances, transit

All-Russian Museum of Decorative, Applied and Folk Art


www.vmdpni.ru
8 (495) 609 01 46
Moscow, Delegatskaya St, 3
Mon, Wed, Fri, Sun from 10.00 to 18.00, Thu from 10.00 to 21.00, Sat from 11.00
to 19.00.
Tuesday off
Entrances, transit

24

Moscow Association of Museum


and Exhibition Work Museon
www.muzeon.ru
8 (499) 238 33 96
Along the Krymskaya embankment
Daily; in the summer from 9.00 to
22.00, in the autumn-winter period
from 10.00 to 21.00
Parking, entrances
Product information can change. Please specify on the phone.

25

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26

LUBYANKA

Pod s

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inviting both individual visitors and
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1 State Pushkin Museum
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9
museum.
Moscow
has
quite
a
few
of
dedicated to thelife and oeuvre of
SERPUKHOVSKAYA
such museums,
and
they
all
feature
A. S. Pushkin. Moscow was his home
a
ikov
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interesting
exhibits throwinglight
town and he was born in Moscow. He
onto thelife and the oeuvre of a
loved this city and he dedicated his
TEATRALNAYA

RYAD

27

Museums of Moscow

most heartfeltlines to it. The heritage


of the great Russian poet is carefully
kept at the State Pushkin Museum
comprising the main building and
several branches.

State A. S. Pushkin Museum


at Prechistenka
The main museum complex islocated
in the city manor of the nobility
that was owned by the KhrustchovSeleznyovs; it is also an architectural
monument of early 19th century.
This building houses permanent
exhibitions called Pushkin and His
Era and Pushkins Fairy Tales.
Telling of the times when the poet
lived and of the manners that were
customary then in the society
may help us better understand
his poems. Each exhibited item
(and there are a great number of
those on display here) is a valuable
historical document, so one could
look at them for hours finding ever
more interesting facts and details
all the time. Pushkins Fairy Tales
is an exhibit quite far removed from
traditional museum showcases: it is
morelike stage sets in a theater. Little
ones get very excited when they see
animated pictures from fairy tales.
The museum offers walking guided
tours around Moscow and excursions
to memorial places related to Pushkin.

A. S. Pushkins Memorial
Apartment at Arbat Street

28

Guidebook

This is not just a museum, this is a


true-blue time travel Imagine: you
stroll down the noisy Arbat Street, full
of energy, always young in spirit, then
you walk into the gate and enter the
yard. You made only a few steps away
from todays reality, but they take
you to a different era. All sounds get
somewhat muffled, and suddenly the
19th century, magnificent and subtle,
is meeting with you. You will visit the
house where Pushkin used tolive, you
will see a most interesting exhibition
called Pushkin and Moscow, and you
willlearn many new facts about the
poet. Interesting documents are on
display here, they relate to the family
of N. N. Goncharova, to the marriage
of A. S. Pushkin and N. N. Goncharova,
to the friends of their family. This
exhibition has deep connotations and
is filled withloving attitude towards
the poet and his oeuvre.

V. L. Pushkin House
Museum at the Staraya
Basmannaya Ulitsa
One more branch of the museum
is being readied for its opening. It
will belocated at the house of V. L.
Pushkin at the Nemetsky (German)
Settlement. Vassily Lvovich Pushkin,
the uncle of the famous poet, was
a well-known poet of his time,
and it was he who became the
literary mentor for his nephew. It is
planned not only to recreate interior
decorations and furniture of that
era, but also the internal atmosphere

of this house that was well-known


in Moscow for its exceptional
hospitality.

State Leo Tolstoy


Museum
2

There are quite a few Tolstoylocations


around Moscow: this is his manor
house, houses that used to visit and
mansions that became prototypes of
the buildings where his heroeslived.
Also, events depicted in War and
Peace, his best known and, perhaps,
most important of his novels that was
dedicated to the Patriotic War of 1812,
are closely related to Moscow. You will
find the fullest and most interesting
information at the museums
dedicated to thelife and oeuvre of
this great Russian writer.

Literary Exhibition at
Prechistenka
Many of us imagine Leo Tolstoy
to have been an older man with a
beard and a pensive gaze. Few will
remember that he used to be a young
man at some point and, as a hero
of Sebastopols defense, he did not

29

Museums of Moscow

Guidebook

Khamovniki manor house cannot be


viewed just as an exhibition, but as a
space complete with the house and
the garden, a place where Tolstoy was
not only a writer, but also a husband, a
father, a family man, and a hospitable
host.

even think of his futureliterary fame.


An exhibition called Leo Tolstoys
Earth And Sky will help to envisage
the real Tolstoy, to understand his
path inlife and inliterature and to
comprehend why hisliterary work is
still current today. This exhibition is
located in a unique wooden house
built in 1817 by an architect whose
name was A. G. Grigoriev. Very few of
such buildings exist in Moscow today.
Please note that this house stands
almost across the street from the A.
S. Pushkin State Museum. In this way,
these two great classical writers of
the Russianliterature who defined its
timbre for many years ahead met in
the same street of Moscow.
This museum has rooms dedicated
to various stages in Tolstoyslife
and they contain alarge number of
original things that used to belong to

30

the writer or to members of his family.


Also, the history of variousliterary
pieces that Leo Tolstoy wrote is
clarified here and a portrait gallery of
the writer rounds off the exhibit. This
branch organizes events for children
and for adults and conducts guided
tours and trips.

L. N. Tolstoys Manor House


at Khamovniki
For those who value Leo Tolstoys
literary work very high this is a place
to visit with the favorite writer.
Lev Nikolaevich was choosing this
manor house himself, and many of
the original items that used to be
in his house are still on display here
(there are over 6 thousand depository
items here that are authentic things
owned by Tolstoy). This is why the

State Literary Museum

Loving ones own country will start


with oneslove to its history and
language. This is why theliterary
museum is important not just as a
place where they talk aboutliterature
as an arts genre. Its task is much
wider: treasuring thelove of ones
ownlanguage and transferring this
attitude to next generations; also,
showing the value of nativelanguage
and its uses, and instilling a respect
to the best samples of highliterary
mastery.
The Literary Museum manages
this mission well while providing
its visitors with an opportunity of
learning about its rich collection
of manuscripts ofliterary works,
private archives of Russian writers
and cultural figures in the 18th-20th
centuries. Old works of visual arts
are, of course, of high value and so
are the many books. Ecclesiastic
manuscripts, codices and incunabula,
as well as the first civic books from
the Peter I era can be seen here,
also autographed books andlists of
books a genuine treasure of human
thought. The museum owns over one
million of depository items related to

the history of Russianliterature.


The State Literary Museum has
several branches in Moscow. They
are A. I. Hertsen House Museum, M.
Yu. Lermontov House Museum, F. M.
Dostoevsky Museum Apartment, A. N.
Tolstoy Memorial Museum Apartment,
A. V. Lunacharsky Memorial Office, A.
P. Chekhov House Museum, The Silver
Age Museum (V. Ya. Bryusovs House),
also there are exhibition rooms at
the house of I. S. Ostroukhov. In the
Greater Moscow Area, there exist B.
L. Pasternak House Museum, K. I.
Chukovsky House Museum, and M. M.
Prishvin House Museum.

F. M. Dostoevsky
Memorial Apartment
4

Most readers think of Dostoevskys


books as having St. Petersburg as the
background of the plot, but not too
many know that Fiodor Mikhailovich
was born in Moscow and that he spent
his childhood and adolescence here.
The father of the future writer worked
as a doctor at the Mariinsky Hospital
for the Poor, and he wasliving there
too, right on the premises, in a
small annex. A great and wonderful
museum exists in this apartment
that was never restructured. Modest
environment in which the writer
spent his childhood was carefully
recreated following the memoirs of
his brother. It demonstrates that the
origins of many of F. M. Dostoevskys
heroes are here in Moscow where
his personality was shaped and his

31

Museums of Moscow

Guidebook

literary fate was sealed.


The museum conducts guided
tours, organizeslectures, also F. M.
Dostoevskys birthday is celebrated
here as well as his remembrance date.

A. P. Chekhov House
Museum
5

The museum of one of the bestknown Russian writers islocated


in a building where he stayed with
his family (his mother, his sister
and brother) for almost four years.
He wrote about one hundred short
stories here, as well as his short
novelsThe Steppe and A Dull Story
and the play titled Ivanov. The rooms
where the writer used tolive in were
recreated following the drawings
and reminiscences of his relatives:
they are identical to the condition in
which they were during hislife, so as
to conserve the atmosphere in which
he found his inspiration. Some of the
exhibited items remind us that A. P.
Chekhov was not only a writer, but
also a doctor.
Many authentic items exhibited here
are closely related to all kinds of
events in hislife; the visitors can see
portraits, his books published during
hislifetime, autographs, theater bills
for his plays and much, much more.
This house museum organizeslectures
and outings (also in English), topical
events and scientific conferences.
The museum also arranges forlectures
to be read at customerslocations.

32

Silver Age Museum


(V.Ya. Bryusovs House)
6

The Silver Age is a period of a


special importance for Russian
literature. It spawned a whole
constellation of outstanding poets
and writers, and this was related to
a flowering not only inliterature, but
also in other forms of art. All of this
is shown in the museums exhibits,
for it islocated in a house which was
built in the then popular Art Nouveau
style, in its external and internal
architectural design.
Between 1910 and 1924 this was the
home of Valery Yakovlevich Bryusov,
a poet, writer, critic and translator;
his memorial office iflocated on the
ground floor. This house saw many
guests and among them such wellknown poets as K. D. Balmont, Andrei
Belyi, S. A. Yesenin, Igor Severyanin, V.
F. Khodasevich, V. V. Mayakovsky and
many others.
The exhibition on the second floor is
dedicated to their creative work. One

can see manuscripts here, along with


books published during theirlifetimes
and autographed by the authors;
also poetry collections, almanacs
and magazines are shown in the
exhibition. A separate presentation
is dedicated to variousliterary
movements of the Silver Age period,
and each of them displays for the
readers a new world of its own
The museum conducts guided tours
that are meant for a very wide range
of visitors,lectures, interactive
workshops for schoolchildren and
New Years party (yolka) for the
preschool children.

famous House 302bis.


There are two museums in this yard
dedicated to M. A. Bulgakovs oeuvre.

State-Financed Cultural
Establishment of Moscow
M.A. Bulgakov Museum
7

As is well known, the writerlived in


Apartment 50 of this house and today
it has become a memorial museum,
in which exhibits are collected
relating to M. A. Bulgakovs time,
life and his oeuvre. Some exhibits
are dedicated to the history of this
building and also to the editorial

Bulgakovs Museums
of Moscow
Although Mikhail Afanasievich
Bulgakov was a native of Kiev,
he has become one of the most
Moscow-related writers thanks
to his famous novel The Master
And Margarita. Mikhail Bulgakovs
Moscow is a mythical city, it is a
secret of a city and even a dream of
a city Unbelievable events may
have happened here, but they were so
masterfully described that the reader
thinks he had seen them with his own
eyes. All you have to do islook around
the corner and walk through the
enchanted archway Well, you must
walk through an archway to get into
the yard of House Number 10 at the
Bolshaya Sadovaya Ulitsa (Big Garden
Street), this address is considered
by many to be the prototype of his

staff of the Gudok (Horn) newspaper


in which Bulgakov was employed. The
museum conducts research activities,
exhibitions are organized, as well as
theater performances, concerts and
literary readings.

Culture and Education


Center Bulgakov House
8

The first entranceleft of the archway


will meet you with a graceful sign

33

Museums of Moscow

Guidebook

Chernyshevsky Lane, 4, Bldg. 2. A


museum center dedicated to Yesenins
poetic oeuvre is planned at this
location. Currently a visit to this
museum is only possible during a
walking guided tour through Moscow,
featuringlocations related to the
poet.

State Museum of V. V.
Mayakovsky
10

10

museum on wheels (or a museumcum-tramway) is also worth noting:


you can take a ride in it through the
1920s and 1930s.

Moscow National
Museum of S.A. Esenin
9

and a bas-relief of the writer. This is


the seat of the Culture and Education
Center Bulgakov House and of the
M. A. Bulgakov Theater. Visitors can
sign up here for staged guided tours
(both in the center and through the
streets of Moscow), performances,
unusual events and recitals. A

34

This museum owns two buildings at


the present time. One is very well
known to poetry buffs: it islocated at
Bolshoi Strochenovsky Lane, 24, Bldg.
2. In 1995 an amazing display was
created here, having a very powerful
impact on the visitors: it does not
simply relate events of S. A. Yesenins
life and work, but makes it possible
to get immersed into his poetry and

their special mood. This building


is built of wood and thus it is close
to unbelievable that it got to stay
undamaged despite its downtown
location. In the rather small space and
enormous amount of information is
concentrated here showing the poets
life and his poetic work. Manuscripts,
photographs, all kinds of documents
are displayed in special stands, which
reveal a very painstaking research
work of the museum specialists. This
museum conductslively creative
and educational activities. Visitors
can participate in highly charged
programs including poetic events,
theatrical performances, and contests.
The second building islocated at

This unusual person cannot, of course,


have a museum of a traditional type.
This is why at the Mayakovsky Museum
everything must jingle, clang, get
torn, go down to the earth interior
and soar to the highest of the skies
So, his exhibition is quite unlike what
you are used to seeing in regular
museums! Where did this poet get his
source for such passionate outbursts?
How did he create his sharp and
well-honed verses? Why was the fate
of this great person so tragic? You
may possibly find here the answers
to all these questions. Especially
since this exactly the place where the
ill-fated shot stooped the poetslife
so suddenly that hisletter titled To
All and written minutes before his
tragic and strange departure did not
explain its reasons, but rather made
it more inconceivable Mayakovskys
heritage is, however, his ever-living
poems, his bold ideas, his rich
imagery, all of which are still available
for his descendants to decipher. This
is why this museum boasts of an
intenseliterarylife: concerts, recitals,

35

Museums of Moscow

theater performances all this is a


great continuation of previousliterary
tradition.

Guidebook

12

13

Marina Tsvetayeva
House Museum
11

It is difficult to overestimate the


importance of the heritageleft by
Marina Tsvetayeva for the Russian
literature. She had been creating
poems, in which every word was
precious. Her contemporaries noted
this right away. Herlife, however,
that held a promise of happiness
and success turned to a catastrophe
after the onslaught of the revolution
and the start of the Civil War. Her
emigration, her difficult return to her
home country, the arrests of her next
ones, the start of a new world war and
her hopeless situation were all the
reasons for her having taken herlife
The tragedy of this event overshadows
the response of todays readers to her
oeuvre. How could her creativelife
change, had she been blessed with
somewhat more favorable conditions?
Perhaps the exhibit at the museum in
the Borisoglebsky Lane where Marina
Tsvetayevalived during a rather
happy time of herlife is an attempt
at helping to figure out a possible
solution.
The museum relates thelife story of
a great poet, tells us about her next
and about the Russian migr circles,
of which she was a part. Besides, this
museum is place for many events:
exhibitions happen here, as do poetic

36

recitals, conferences and meetings


ofliterary societies. The best way of
remembering this wonderful person
and her amazingliterary gift is by
carefully keeping intact her heritage
and in promoting Russianliterature.

Vysotsky House
on Taganka
12

None of thelocations where V. S.


Vysotskylived cannot boast of his
memorial place, but there still exists
his memorial museum in Moscow.
The history of creating this museum
began in 1989 when the USSR Council
of Ministers extended its support to
the initiative by the Soviet Culture
Fund, the USSR Ministry of Culture, the
Moscow City Executive Committee and
representatives of the general public:
establish a Vladimir Vysotsky Museum
in Moscow. From then on, research
work has been going onlooking for
things, information, photographs and
other exhibits related to Vysotskys
life. And thelocation for the museum
was without doubt agreed on as being

at Taganka, an area of Moscow in


which he spent so much time of his
life. His cultural center was created in
one of the typical Moscow yards that
heliked so much.
Vysotsky was and is for many not
just an actor or a musician, but a
symbolic figure, a personality that
combined many of the best human
qualities. His museum, accordingly,
is not simply a collection of things
that used to belong to him, but a
research center and a cultural center,
comprising of a permanent exposition
dedicated to Vysotsky the poet, a
gallery for organizing exhibitions and
a performance space to theater and
music events.
The permanent exposition contains
alarge amount of informative
materials. First and foremost,
these are Vysotskys personal
belongings: his guitar, his props, many
photographs, manuscripts, furniture
from his study and much more. This
helps create the images of everyday
life that this poet and actor was
leading as well as his creativelife. It
is well known that Vysotsky toured
the USSR extensively, that he could
travel abroad, so among the exhibits

are the maps showing his routes and


the places that he could visit.
This cultural center has not only
a permanent exhibition, but also
temporary shows, and the concert
space provides a means for producing
theater performances and conducting
topical events. A reading room is
available for researchers who wish
to work with documents of Vladimir
Vysotsky and his heritage that is kept
in a special archive. There is a book
shop where one can buy Vysotskys
poems, prose, recordings of his songs,
books and magazines with memoirs
of those who had known him; it is
also possible to buy CD by well-known
bards and of no-names.

Gorky Memorial
Apartment
13

The memorial apartment of the wellknown Russian and Soviet writer,


Maxim Gorky, islocated in one of the
most beautiful private residences, in
a building created by an outstanding
architect, F. O. Shekhtel, in the style
of Moscow Art Nouveau. The writer
spentlast years of hislife in this house
while working on hislast epic novel
Klim Samgins Life. The exposition of
this museum encompassing Gorkys
amazinglibrary tell the story of his
life, his family and his oeuvre. Unique
interior spaces that were created as
a stylistic unity will be of interest
both to fans ofliterature and of
architecture.

37

Museums of Moscow

1 State Pushkin Museum


www.pushkinmuseum.ru
8 (495) 637 56 74
Moscow, Prechistenka St, 12/2
Daily from 10.00 to 18.00, Thudays
from 12.00 to 21.00
Off Monday, thelast Friday of the month.
Entrances, transit

Guidebook

6 Silver Age Museum (V.Y.


Bryusovs House)
www.goslitmuz.ru
8 (495) 680 86 83
Moscow, Prospekt Mira, 30
Tue, Wed, Sat, Sun from 11.00 to 18.00
Thu, Fri from 13.00 to 20.00

11 Marina Tsvetaeva House Museum


7

State Leo Tolstoy Museum


www.tolstoymuseum.ru
8 (495) 637 74 10
Moscow, Prechistenka St, 11
Monday off. Tue, Wed, Fri, Sat, Sun
from 10.00 to 18.00, Thuday from
12.00 to 20.00. Offlast Friday of each
month.
3 State Literary Museum
www.goslitmuz.ru
8 (495) 621 38 57
Moscow, Petrovka, 28
Tue, Fri, Sat, Sun from 11.00 to 18.00
Wed, Thu from 13.00 to 20.00
4

F.M. Dostoevsky Memorial


Apartment
www.goslitmuz.ru
8 (495) 681 10 85
Moscow, Dostoevsky St, 2
Tue, Fri, Sat, Sun from 11.00 to 18.00,
Wed, Thu from 13.00 to 20.00
5 A.P. Chekhov House Museum
www.goslitmuz.ru
Moscow, Sadovaya Kudrinskaya St., 6
8 (495) 691 61 54
Daily from 11.00 to 18.00
Thu from 13.00 to 20.00

38

10 State Museum of V.V. Mayakovsky


www.mayakovsky.info
8 (499) 621 65 91
Moscow, Lubyansky Drive, 3/6 Building 4
Daily from 10.00 to 17.00, Thursday from 13.00 to 20.00, off Wednesday and
everylast Friday of the month.

State-Financed Cultural
Establishment of Moscow M.A.
Bulgakov Museum
www.bulgakovmuseum.ru
8 (495) 699 53 66
Moscow, Bolshaya Sadovaya St, 10,
entrance 6, 4th floor, apartment 50
Daily from 12.00 to 19.00
Thursday from 14.00 to 21.00
Off Monday
Closed each first Friday of the month
8 Culture and Education Center
Bulgakov House
www.dombulgakova.ru
8 (495) 970 06 19
Moscow, Sadovaya St, 10, first floor,
entrance 6
Daily from 13.00 to 23.00

Entrances, transit, service


9 Moscow National Museum
of S.A. Esenin
www.mgme.ru
8 (495) 954 97 64
Moscow, Bolshoiy Strochenovskiy
Lane, 24, Building 2
Tue, Thu, Fri, Sat from 11 to 18, and
from 14.00 to 21.00 on Wednesday.
Off Sunday and Monday.

www.dommuseum.ru
8 (495) 695 35 43
Moscow, Borisoglebsky Lane., 6, Building 1
Daily from 12.00 to 18.00
Thursday from 12.00 to 21.00
Off Monday
Closed everylast Friday of the month
12 Vysotsky House on Taganka
www.visotsky.ru
8 (495) 915 75 78
Moscow, Nizhny Tagansky cul-de-sac, House 3
Daily from 11.00 to 18.00
Sunday from 11.00 to 17.00
Thursday Night at the Museum event from 13.00 to 21.00

Entrances, transit, service


13 Gorky Memorial Apartment
www.museum.ru/M402
8 (495) 290 05 35
Moscow, Malaya. Nikitskaya St, 6/2
Wednesday and Friday from 12.00 to 19.00, Thu, Sat, Sun from 10.00 to 17.00

Entrances, transit, service

Product information can change. Please specify on the phone.

39

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Museums of Moscow

mentioned in the written sources


in 1147 for the first time. The
construction of massive, oak-made
walls of the Kremlin fortress is
traditionally connected to the name
of Moscows Prince Ivan I Danilovich
Kalita wholived at the end of the
13th and the beginning of the 14th
century. Even though no buildings
of that period survived, the general
layout of todays Cathedral Square
was formed during his rule. During
thelifetime of Dmitry Donskoy, Ivan
Kalitas grandson, wholived in the
second half of the 14th century, the
Kremlin was built of white stone and
its territory was enlarged towards
the shore of the Moskva River. Dmitry
Donskoys great-grandson, however,
whose name was Ivan III the Great
and who ruled from 1462 to 1505,
commissioned the erection of several
buildings in Moscow some of which
still exist today.
Certain structures built during the
rule of the first Romanovs also
remained until this day: the Terem

42

Guidebook

Palace was erected in 1635-1636 and


the Fun (Poteshny) Palace in 1651.
In 1702, during the rule of Peter I,
the construction of the Arsenal (the
Armory) building was begun, and
the Senate was built at the end of
the 18th century, during the rule of
Catherine II.
A serious damage was done to
Kremlins structures during the
Patriotic War of 1812. Luckily,
Napoleon was unable to execute his
plan and blow up all of the Kremlin.
Its damaged walls were soon restored,
and French cannons captured by the
Russian army werelined up along the
Arsenal faade.
Two more important structures were
added to the architectural ensemble
of the Kremlin towards the end of
the first half of the 19th century: the
Grand Kremlin Palace and the Armory
Chamber. The author was K. A. Thon,
the famous architect who also built
the Cathedral of Christ the Savior.
Big changes happened at the Kremlin
after the 1917 revolution in Russia.

The Chudov and the Voznesensky


monasteries were first closed and
later demolished, along with some
of the churches. New structures
appeared here. The first one was
the building of the VTsIK Military
School erected in 1932-1934today it
houses the offices of the Presidents
Administration and of the Kremlins
Commandant. The second andlast
was the State Kremlin Palace (prior
to 1992 it was called the Kremlin
Palace of Congresses). This building
was erected in 1961 at the site of the
monument of Russian Classicism of
early 19th century the old building
of the Armory Chamber. In this way
each era didleave its trace in the
Kremlin giving our descendants the
chance of meeting history face to
face.
Having viewed various structures on
the territory of the Kremlin, one can
start visiting the museums, each of
which will reveal alot of interesting
stuff for you.

Armory Chamber
Armory Chamber is considered to be
the first museum in Moscow, and its
history as a museum starts with the
Decree issued on March 10 of 1806
by Emperor Aleksander I and titled
About Rules of Management and
Preservation of Antiquities in Order
and Integrity in the Workshop and
the Armoury Chamber. The exhibit
was, however, displayed for the first
visitors only in 1814, after the war
with Napoleon was over. At the time
the Armory Chamber waslocated
in the building that stood at the
site where today the State Kremlin
Palace stands. In 1851, however, the
structure was built for it that still
stands today.
It is difficult tolist all valuable
antiquities and treasures that are
preserved at the Armory Chamber.
First of all, these are valuable objects
made by master artisans of the
Kremlin as well as gifts by foreign
embassies. Tsars garments are

43

Museums of Moscow

displayed here as well as vestments


of the Church hierarchs, also silver
and golden articles, carriages and
caparison. And, of course, weapons
and suits of armor. All these items
are authentic specimens of great
historical importance and besides
they all possess high artistic merits.
This is the reason why this first
museum that was opened in Moscow
has enjoyed an enormous popularity,
from its first day down to today.

Kremlin Cathedrals
The cathedrals of the Kremlin
also have museum exhibits. The
Assumption Cathedral built in
1475-1479 is now one of the oldest
buildings in Moscow. Over several
hundreds of years, it was the main
Russian Orthodox cathedral of the
country: Russian tsars were crowned
here and members of highest clergy
were inaugurated here. In the
cathedral you can see a grand old
iconostasis, murals, the reliquary and

44

Guidebook

the Tsars praying seat.


The Annunciation Cathedral built in
1489 was a home church of Russian
tsars. Today an exposition called
Treasures and Antiquities of the
Moscow Kremlin is opened at the
lower ground of the cathedral. The
Archangel Cathedral was built in
1505-1508 at the site of an older
church founded as early as in 1333 by
Ivan Kalita. This cathedral served as
a reliquary and burial place for the
rulers of the Moscow state and their
closest kin; for example, Ivan the
Terrible and his sons are buried here.
The ensemble of the Ivan the Great
Bell Tower is also a museum. There
is an exhibition room at the first
floor of the Uspenskaya (Assumption)
Belfry, and inside the bell tower itself
a unique museum was organized
using multimedia technology. The
bell tower was erected in 1505-1508,
but at the time itlooked different: it
waslower than it is today. One more
tier was built one hundred yearslater,
during the rule of Boris Godunov. The

ancient belfry and Filarets Annex


were destroyed during the war of
1812, so what we can see today are the
structures built in 1814-1815.
The Church of Laying Our Ladys Holy
Robe created by master builders
from Pskov in 1484-1485 has been
a home church of Metropolitans
andlater Moscow Patriarchs. Today
an exhibition of Russian wooden
sculpture islocated here. It was
traditionally believed that sculptures

were never used in the inner spaces


of the Russian Orthodox churches.
The items exhibited here, however,
such as iconic sculpted images,
carved icons, small crosses and hinged
folding icons bear witness that it is
not really so.
Patriarchs Palace with the Twelve
Apostles Church are examples oflater
church structures that have survived.
These were built for Patriarch Nikon
in 1653-1655 by Russian masters on
the foundations oflater structures.
Nowadays this church building is
used for a museum exposition and
the Twelve Apostles home church
houses an old iconostasis and an icon
exhibition.
To avoid overlooking something truly
important on the territory of the
Moscow Kremlin and its museums,
visitors are well advised to use the
services of a tour guide.

45

Museums of Moscow

Guidebook

The State Historical


Museum
2

One of the best-known museums of


Moscow, this is thelargest national
historical museum of Russia, and with
its incredible collection, unique both
in its scope and its variety, it does
not need a special advertisement. Its
address is at 1 Red Square, so both
Muscovites and tourists would have
a difficult task of missing it More
so, thanks to its exposition it is really
possible to get down to the historical
sources and to find out many secrets
of the distant past.
People of all ageslike the Historical
Museum. Items collected here provide
an authentic insight into events of
Russian history: by way of documents,
everyday items, applied arts, weaponry
and much else. It is noless important
to understand how carefully the
historical material is provided for the
benefit of the public: the appearance

46

of the museum rooms corresponds


to specific historical periods and
outstanding scientists worked on
establishing historic accuracy. The
museum provides guided tours,
including historical role games and
costume plays; subscriptions and
interesting programs are available.
The decision to create this museum
was made by Emperor Alexander II in
February 1872, and it first opened its
doors to the general public over ten
yearslater, in June 1883. Its building
was specially built to accommodate
the museum, which only underlines
the fact that the importance of
establishing such a museum was
formulated very keenly. Over the
course of its existence the museum
had been permanently supplied
with all kinds of items meant to be
exhibited there, and each of them
constitutes a pricelesslink in the
chain of our complete understanding
of Russias history.

St. Basils Cathedral

The Pokrovsky Cathedral (which,


both in Russian and abroad, is very
well known as St. Basils Cathedral)
is a branch of the State Historical
Museum. This one-of-a-kind cathedral,
in terms of both its architecture
and design, became a symbol of our
country and its pride. Today it is
functioning as a museum, so you may
go inside andlook at it in all details.
But if you wish to understand all of
the subtleties and find out about its
many details, if you want to find out
why it was called after a Moscow holy
fool, you are well advised tolisten to
a tour guide. There are guided tours
for groups inside the museum as well
as general tours for individuals, and
anyone may join. Special programs for
children also are available.
4

House of Romanov

If you step away from the Red


Square for a short walk towards the
Varvarka Street, you will find yourself
at Zaryadye a place that used
to belocated behind the (market)
rows. This is one or ancient sites in
Moscow and even though quite a
lot has changed here, the spirit of
the old city is still alive here mostly
thanks to old chambersa house
where the Romanovslived while
still acting as boyars. Later, when
Mikhail Fiodorovich became a tsar, he
donated this house to the Znamensky
monastery. As early as 1857 this
building was used as a historic

landmark, taking into account its


historical value. The exposition of the
museum makes a step-by-step effort
in revealing to us the peculiarities
of everydaylife and of patterns of
reasoning and decision-making that
were common not only for the tsars
family, but for the boyar estate.

Museum of the
Patriotic War of 1812
5

To commemorate the 200th


anniversary of the victory over
Napoleon a Museum of the Patriotic
War of 1812 was opened at the
Revolution Square, It is a part of the
State Historical Museum exhibition
complex and it islocated at a twostorey pavilion specially erected
in the internal yard between the
building of the Moscow City Duma
(previously known as V. I. Lenin
Museum) and the buildings of the Old
Mint. The exposition consisting of
over two thousand items elucidates
all details of that war that are
possibly not too well known even to
specialists.

47

Museums of Moscow

Guidebook

Museum
of Contemporary Russian
History
6

Modern history is notless interesting


for us than ancient history. This is
why a museum exists in Moscow that
is dedicated to the development of
Russian civilization from the second
half of the 19th century until now.
Each of the important stages of this
development is shown separately,
so that a visitor who may have a
superficial knowledge of some
historical periods will figure out the
chronology of events. The earliest
period exhibited here is that of
1856-1880. At the time the political
history of Russia experienced serious
changes, and the major event was
Peasant Reform of 1861 (the abolition
of serfdom). Further on is the turn
of the century. That was the time
when the basis waslaid for the

48

future revolutionary changes. The


next historical stage is shown very
detailed. The Russo-Japanese War
of 19904-1905 is covered, just as are
the events of 1905-1916. Visitors will
find out all about the revolutions and
the civil war, about the policies of
Military Communism and NEP. Those
years as well as events of that period
were very complex for our country and
they change the course of its history.
There are still fierce debates going
on when this period is discussed and
they may never end
he exposition of the museum
reveals the trends of the cultural
development over a number of
periods; Russian emigration of 1918
1930 is also covered.
It is, of course, not possible to avoid
such a tragic topic as The Great
Patriotic War. The museum also covers
all major stages of the post-war
development: the reconstruction

and economic growth, the period of


the Khruschev Thaw, the years of
L. I, Brezhnevs rule, the perestroika
years, and the period of reforms.
Thelast exposition is dedicated to
the exhibits called Russias National
Priorities in the 21st century.
This museum already has several
branches and each of them unravels a
separate history page.
Presnya during the sharp turns of
history of the 20th century. This
exposition is dedicated to special
periods of Russias history using as an
example the developments in one of
Moscows areas called Presnya.
Interactive exposition at the
Delegatskaya Street called My Home
Is Russia islocated at the beautiful
old city manor house of Counts
Ostermann-Tosltoy. The exposition
shows historical changes through
various views of private and public
interior spaces: everydaylife of
Russians as it was changing over the
historical periods. This is how history
becomes more understandable.
Underground printing establishment
of 1905-1906 is not just a museum,
but a unique monument of Russias
political history. Thislocation was an
authentic underground printing press
that was covering its activities under
the ruse of being a fruit store: it
was called Kalandadzes Caucasian
Fruit Store. How it was operating is
worth a trip to see its exposition.
The memorial apartment of G. M.
Krzhizhanovsky provides an insight
into thelife of a Russian scientist

and electricity specialist. Authentic


environment and furniture will tell
the visitors not only about thelife of
this person, but about his time.

Moscow Museum of
Archaeology
7

Do we ever think when walking down


the streets of Moscow that under our
feet there are old cities, buildings,
roads, and bridges. Downtown Moscow
7

is a special place in this respect:


here Time can save something that
was considered aslostbylayering
some structures over the others. We
all know that along the Kremlin wall,
where the Aleksander Gardens exist
today, there used to flow the Neglinka
River. The river is now flowing
in a tube, but there used to be a
Voskresensky bridge spanning it. The
bridge itself did not survive, of course,
but its foundation was found at the
depth of 7 meters , so that scientists
could have a pretty clear idea of
what the bridgelookedlike and where

49

Museums of Moscow

Guidebook

exactly it waslocated. The exposition


contains general facts regarding
the methodology of archaeological
research and shows some of the most
interesting archeological finds that
were discovered in the historical
center of our capital. These are items
of material culture of the Muscovites
in the olden days, medieval weapons,
buried treasures (both monetary
hoards and clothing) as well as much
more.

50

Panorama Museum
Borodino Battle
8

This panorama was first opened


for the general public in 1912, on
the occasion of the hundredth
anniversary of the Patriotic War.
Painter Franz Roubaud (under the
participation of I. G. Myasoedov
and with the consultations of B.
M. Kolyubakin) created a panorama
Borodino Battle following the
commission offered by Tsar Nicholas
II. The panorama was exhibited in a

specially erected pavilion at the Clear


Ponds in Moscow. In 1918, however,
this pavilion was demolished and
the panorama put into storage. For
the 150th anniversary of the event
painter P. D. Korin restored it and it
was exhibited again, this time at a
building on the Kutuzov Prospect.
The panorama make a great
impression on the spectator and it is
enormously popular for it truly allow
us to have an idea re the actual scope
of this colossal battle.

Central Museum
of the Armed Forces
9

Those who have an interest in military


events, weapons, battles and, of
course, heroic victories, will find in
Moscow quite many museums for
the topic. This museum explores the
history of the Armed Forces of our
country in a chronological order:
history of the Russian army and navy
before 1917, the creation of the Red
Army, Soviet armed forces during
the Great Patriotic War, the postwar

51

Museums of Moscow

historic development of the Soviet


armed forces and finally the creation
and the development of the armed
forces of the Russian Federation.
Museum workers can create a

52

Guidebook

multifaceted and all-encompassing


tale of Russian weapons because
there are many documents available
for them: photographs, documents,
decorations, weapons, personal
belongings of soldiers, officers and
celebrated commanders, varied relics
and trophys, banners and much more.
This museum has two interesting
branches: G. K. Zhukovs Memorial
Office and Stalins Bunker in
Izmailovo (thelatter should have been
more correctly called The Alternate
Command Center of I. V. Stalin, the

Red Army Supreme Commander During


the Great Patriotic War 1941-1945).

Central Museum of the


Great Patriotic War
10

Time passes by and the worst war in


the history of mankind becomes the
fatc of the past. The memory of it
should not disappear drowning in the
Lethe We cannot forget how much
grief, disaster and suffering a war
brings with it for the ordinary people.
It is necessary to remember what was

the price that our predecessors paid


for todays peacefullife.
This museum contains a militaryhistorical exposition Heroism
and Victory of the Great People, a
diorama complex exhibiting all major
battles of the Great Patriotic War
as well as a exhibition of weapons,
military technology and engineering
installations.
Guided tours are available, and
special activities are conducted with
children.

53

Museums of Moscow

1 State Historical and Cultural


Museum Reserve of Moscow Kremlin
http://www.kreml.ru
8 (495) 697 03 49
Red Square, Moscow. The nearest
subway stations are Borovitskaya
and Biblioteka im. Lenina.
Daily from 10.00 to 17.00, except
Thuday
Entrances, transit, service

The Armoury
http://www.kreml.ru
8 (495) 697 03 49
Moscow , Red Square. The nearest
subway stations are Borovitskaya
and Biblioteka im. Lenina.
Daily from 10.00 to 17.00 except
Thursday
Transit, service

Guidebook

3 St. Basils Cathedral


http://www.saintbasil.ru/
8 (495) 698 33 04
Moscow, Red Square, 2
Mon, Wed, Thu, Fri, Sat., Sun. from 11.00
to 18.00 ticket office to 17.00
Off Tuesday and every first Monday of
the month

Transit, service

4 House of Romanov
http://www.shm.ru/
8 (495) 698 12 56
Moscow, Varvarka St, 10
Mon, Thu, Fri, Sat., Sun. from 10.00 to
18.00, Wed from 11.00 to 19.00, off
Tue. Closed first Mon. of each month.
Attention:
guide service only
Parking, entrances, transit,
service

The State Historical Museum


http://www.shm.ru
8 (495) 692 37 31
Moscow, Red Square, 1
Daily from 10 to 18, ticket office to 17
Thu from 11.00 to 21.00, ticket office
to 20.00
Off Sunday
Entrances, transit, service

54

5 Museum of the Patriotic War


of 1812
Moscow, Ploshchad Revolutsii, 2/3

6 Museum of Contemporary
Russian History
www.sovr.ru/
8 (495) 699 67 24
Moscow, Tverskaya St, 21
Tue, Wed, Fri from 10.00 to 18.00,
Thu, Sat, Sun from 11.00 to 19.00, off
Monday
Entrances, transit, service

7 Moscow Museum of Archaeology


http://www.mosmuseum.ru/
8 (495) 692 02 26
Moscow, Manegnaya Square, 1a
Tue, Wed, Fri from 10.00 to 18.00, Thu. from 11.00 to 21.00, Sat, Sun from 11.00 to
18.00

8 Panorama Museum Borodino Battle


www.1812panorama.ru/
8 (499) 148 19 27
Moscow, Kutuzovsky Prospekt, 38
Daily from 10.00 to 18.00, on Thursday (April-September) - 10.00 to 21.00
Off Friday. Closed everylast Thursday of the month
Entrances, transit, service

9 Central Museum of the Armed Forces


www.cmaf.ru/
8 (495) 681 18 80
Moscow, Sovietskoy Armiy St, 2
Daily from 10.00 to 17.00 except Monday and Tuesday

Entrances, transit, service


10 Central Museum of the Great Patriotic War
http://www.poklonnayagora.ru/
8 (499) 148 55 50
Moscow, Bratyev Fonchenko St, 10
Off Mon, Tue - Sun From 10.00 to 18.00

Entrances, transit, service

Product information can change. Please specify on the phone.

55

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Museums of Moscow
Scientific

ul. Skladochnaya

ul.
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hutor
1-st K

PROLETARSKAYA

57

Museums of Moscow

take a trip to the planetarium, where,


with the help of experts, you will find
answers to all your questions.
Visitors, above all, are interested in
the Big Star Hall, with itslargest in
Europe dome-screen, where you can
see the sky, the stars and the entire
universe, taking a journey into outer
space. But this is not all. There are
also some interesting museums here.
For instance, the Urania Museum,
dedicated to the muse of astronomy,
tells the story of the planetarium
itself, and presents for viewing an
exhibition of meteorites,large globes
of planets, and a mock-up of the solar
system. These and other exhibits will
enhance your understanding of space.
Interactive Museum Lunarium
invites you not just to see, but also
to experiment. Familiarity with its
exhibits will be particularly useful for
the school children who will be able
to observe the effects of variouslaws

58

and phenomena of physics, astronomy


and other sciences.
Astronomical plaza called Sky Park
recreated on the roof talks about
tools and instruments are used for
learning more about the sky, and
sometimes even for communication
with it.
This is just a shortlist of options
available here and some artifacts of
the Planetarium, but there is also a
variety of tours, exhibitions, interesting programs as well as astronomy
clubs. But the main thing about this
place is that the starry sky brings
together people of all ages and generations, physicists and lyricists,
scientists and dreamers.

Paleontology Museum
named after Y.A.Orlov
2

The answer to the question: How did


life on Earth begin? will always be

searched for by mankind, especially


since bowels of the earth constantly
offer to scientists new puzzles and
themes for reflection. Fossilized
plants and animals, wonders of the
underwater world - ancient fish that
survived to our times, mammoths
which continue to be found until our
time - all of this is exciting not just
for men of science. Could it be that
precisely this find would help in discovering the secret of the universe?
For preschool and school children
this museum is particularly interest-

59

Museums of Moscow

Guidebook

ing - seeing skeletons of dinosaurs


and mammoths in full size is almost
the same for a child as meeting a real
dinosaur, because imagination of a
child knows no bounds. But adults will
not be bored here, either. More than
five thousand items presented in its
halls, will give you plenty of opportunity for amazing discoveries.
3

Polytechnical Museum

In itself, the concept of the Museum


of History of Science and Technology seems unusual, because we are
accustomed to see pictures or works
of art in museum halls. But for people
with a technical mindset, mechanisms

60

sometimes become works of art, and


besides, most of us, in our dailylives,
cannot imagine our existence without
gadgets. So, how were they created?
Where did they come from? What
would only recently seem to people
to be from the realm of phantasy,
and now became the most common
thing? Children and adults alike would
want to know about those things.
Therefore, we must be grateful to
our ancestors for being so prudent,
and creating this wonderful museum
back in 1872. Back then,little did the
Russian scientists of the Enlightenment, the members of the Imperial
Society of Nature, Anthropology and
Ethnography, know that one hun-

dred forty years from their time,


this museum would showcase more
than 200 thousand exhibits and 100
museum collections. Could they imagine what kind of exhibits would fill
these rooms? Mining, Metallurgy,
Chemical Technology, Transport,
Energy, Optics, Automation and
Computer Engineering, Electronics
and Communication, Space - this
is just a partiallist of names of sections from the Museum exhibition.
You can view them all or select only
the section that interests you. The
main thing here is not an industry or
practical use, but the power of the
human mind, which is always working
for the benefit of progress. Exhibi-

tions, educational and informative


programs, entertaining science hall
Igrotecha, childrens festivals, competitions, festivals and much more
- the museum gives visitors a world
that brings technology enthusiasts
closer together.

61

Museums of Moscow

Guidebook

Timiryazev Biology
Museum
4

The primary audience of this museum


consists of children, students, professionals in the field of biology, and just
lovers of nature. For all of them, there
is an appropriate part of the exhibition and an interesting program. All
branches of biology are illustrated
with diagrams and exhibits showing
how various experiments were carried
out, why biologicallaws are valid, how
various organs in humans and animals
work together, etc.
Of huge interest here is the greenhouselocated next to th e museum,
with guided tours provided; justlike
everywhere else in the museum, much

62

is done here for visitors with disabilities. For instance, in the greenhouse,
children with partial or complete
loss of vision may touch theleaves of
various plants to feel their structure.
The Biology Museum also hosts clubs
forlovers of different plant species,
exhibitions, as well as plant fairs.
5

Experimentanium

To understand what museum is hiding


behind this name, it is enough to
recall your own childhood trips to
the museum. Can you remember any
after which all the children came out
with glowing eyes and asked to return
again? Well, visiting this museum
thrills everybody. And, indeed, enter-

taining science museum Experimentanium is a very unusual place designed


to feed insatiable childhood curiosity,
including those adults who have managed to keep this curiosity alive. After all, none of the adults here would
say after their visit, the children were
interested, and I was bored. No, all of
them suddenly recall that once were
they, too, were just boys and girls who

wanted to know everything. Here you


may find answers to many questions,
and everything may be touched,
tasted, discovered, and experimented
with.
The permanent exhibition contains
about three hundred items, and deals
mainly with the school physics (mechanics, molecular physics, electricity
and magnetism, optics, acoustics),

63

Museums of Moscow

Guidebook

1 Planetarium of Moscow
www.planetarium-moscow.ru
8 (495) 221 76 90
Moscow, Sadovo-Kudrinskaya St, 5,
House 1
Daily (except Tuesday) from 10.00 to
21.00, on weekends and holidays from
10.00 to 22.00.
Entrances, transit, service
2 Paleonthology Museum named
after Y.A.Orlov
www.paleo.ru / museum
8 (495) 339 15 00
Moscow, Profsoyuznaya St, 123
Wed-Sun from 11.00 to 18.00 Mon,
off Tue
Entrances, transit, service

5 Experimentanium
www.experimentanium.ru
8 (495) 789 36 58,
Moscow, Butyrskaya St, 46/2
Weekdays 9.30 - 19.00, 10.00 - 20.00
weekends, holidays
6 State Darwin Museum
www.darwin.museum.ru
8 (499) 783 22 53
Moscow, Vavilov St, 57
Daily from 10.00 to 18.00, except
Monday and thelast Friday of the
month.
Parking, entrances, transit,

service

which will help children better understand the material, and for those
still too young for physics, it will at
least generate interest in this subject
. Of course, this museum offerslongterm educational programs as well,
and here you can also celebrate with
children and adults.
6

State Darwin Museum

Presumably, there is no person on


earth who does not know the main
points of the Charles Darwin theory,
but very few of us can remember
anything in particular about the evolution. Darwin Museum provides an
opportunity not just to recall school

64

topics, but to travel the path of evolution, witnessing its stages through
the visuals provided. But there is still
much more that may interest visitors
of the museum. Exhibitions, games,
workshops,lectures, tours, classes,
and more attract alarge number of
guests. The museum is fully adapted
for visits of persons with all kinds of
disabilities.

Politechnical Museum
www.polymus.ru
8 (495) 623 07 56
Moscow, Novaya Plochchad, 3/4,
entrance 1
Daily from 10.00 to 18.00, except
Monday and thelast Friday of each
month.
Entrances, transit, service
4

Timiryazev Biology Museum


www.gbmt.ru/
8 (499) 252 07 49
Moscow, Malaya Gruzinskaya St, 15
Tue, Wed, Fri, Sat from 10.00 to 18.00,
Thu from 12.00 to 21.00, Sun from
11.00 to 18.00, off Monday andlast
Tuesday of every month
Entrances, transit, service

Product information can change. Please specify on the phone.

65

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actors, directors and playwrights. This


h elskiy per.
is why some museums in Moscow allow
associated
primarily
with
museums
Yau
AVIAMOTORNAYA
Nikoloyamska
us to steal alook behind the curtains.
and theaters. Anyone coming to

the
capital
begins
his
visit
at
the
ul. N
sse
stov sho
i k o l o yam s k a ya
ergchoose
.Rad. aEplay
ntuziato
ul.Sto
boxaoffice
suit
1 State Central Theater

y
ska

noting
that
che taste. It is worth
ihis
t
PLOSHAD
s
Museum named after
i
un
mm
theatricallife of theILICHA
country was
.Ko
Bol
A.A. Bakhrushin
ul.
born in Moscow under Tsar Alexei
MARKSISTSKAYA
k
u
ul. T Mikhailovich, the father of Peter I.
per.iy
Established in 1894 by the Moscow
a gansk
aya
uK
ul. Burdenko
On
October
17,
1672,
the
first
theater
industrialist and philanthropist A.A.
hil
u
kim
ko
ns b. Ya
aya bov PARK
p
e
k
e
t
KULTURI
s
performance
directed
by
Johann
Bakhrushin, this theatrical museum
ski
r.
a
v
ts
his
yb
an
tso
ka
b
rec
u
u
P
l
Gottfried
Gregory,
a
pastor
and
teacher
presently keeps over 1.5 million items
Z o
ya
.
1
POLYANKA
ul. solim
s
of
the
Lutheran
parochial
school,
was
in its collections. Among these are
KRESTYANSKAYA
Ro
ul.
ki
og
ZASTAVA

ul.
Kry
ps
e
o
shown
here.
Much
has
changed
since
costumes and backdrop sketches,
msk
ts Shluz
a
i
.
r
.
y
Z
o
PROLETARSKAYA
vay
Val
l.
y pe
per
programs and posters of performances,
PAVELETSKAYAa
itski those days, and presently, the art of
a u
kiy
b. d Krut
Valovay
ul. Zhitnaya
zhs
l.
u
i
r
v
l
the
theater
slowly
becomes
legendary.
photographs, portraits, rare books on
s
3
ul. Kor oviy Va

Ne
DOBRININSKAYA
t
OKTYABRSKAYA
FRUNZENSKAYA k

Viewers
are
keen
not
only
to
see
theater arts, and more.
SERPUKHOVSKAYA
the play,ikbut
also
to
learn
about
the
To sexpand his collection, Aleksey
ova
ul. Me ln
history
of the theater, about the most
Alexandrovich Bakhrushin traveled
interesting productions, about great
across Russia and abroad. Additionally,
ul. Vozdvizh enka

67

Museums of Moscow

Guidebook

the museum had benefactors who,


discovering about a theatrical
museum being created, gladly sent rare
photographs, autographs, and other
memorabilia. A.A.Bakhrushin knew
many famous actors and directors,
welcoming them at his place. All of
them, too, were happy to add to the
theater collection.
Nowadays, the museum offers tours,
lectures, meetings with artists,
creative parties designed for different
age groups. The museum consists of
several branches.

House-Museum
of A.N.Ostrovsky.
2

Theater plays written by the


outstanding playwright A.N.Ostrovsky
remain relevant even in our time.
Their place of action often coincides
with the place where Alexander

68

Nikolayevich was born and raised,


namely, the merchant area of
Zamoskvorechye. And this is where, in
a wooden house surviving here since
early 19th century, this wonderful
museum islocated, depicting for
posterity not only thelife of the
playwright, his family and actor
friends, but also the style oflife in
Moscow of that era.
The theatrical museum also includes
other museums dedicated to
outstanding actors. These include
the House Museum of M.N.Yermolova,
the Apartment Museum of the family
of actors M.V.Mironova, A.A.Mironov
and A.S.Menaker, the House Museum
of M. S. Shchepkin, the Apartment
Museum of the famous ballerina
G.S.Ulanova, the Apartment Museums
of theater directors V.E.Meyerhold
and V.N.Pluchek, as well as Memorial
Museum Creative Workshop of the

theater artist D.L.Borowskiy

House-Museum
of K.S.Stanislavsky
3

This great Russian theater director is


widely known throughout the world
and not only in theater circles, and his
famous I do not believe! haslong
become proverbial. How, then, was
thelife of this remarkable man? For
those interested in thelife and work
of Konstantin Sergeevich Stanislavsky,
for those who enjoy the theater and
its history, visiting his museumapartment in Leontievsky Lane shall
be a real treat.
The museum islocated in the house
where the great director spent thelast
years of hislife. For seventeen years,
from 1921 to 1938, Stanislavski worked
andlived on the second floor of the
mansion built in early 19th century,

69

Museums of Moscow

which in itself is alandmark building.


The decision on the establishment of
the museum was made in 1940, and
in 1948, ten years after the death of
Stanislavsky, it opened its doors to the
first visitors.
The main part of the exhibition
contains theliving rooms of
Konstantin Sergeevich and his

wife, actress of MKhAT Maria


Petrovna Lilina. Softlight, hardwood
floorboards with specific melodic old
creaking, and cozy atmosphere ensure
that the visitor feels transferred from
the modern bustling city to the time
of nearly a century ago.
The Cabinet of the house is not just a
place for solitary contemplations, but
also a creative laboratory, which
was visited by many of his prominent
contemporaries and associates,
friends and students, among them
such prominent actors as I.M.Moskvin,
V.I.Kachalov, O. A .Kninper-Chekhova,
and others. In hislast years oflife,
when the state of health would not

70

Guidebook

allow the director toleave the house,


rehearsals were held here as well.
In the office you canlook at the
things surrounding Stanislavsky and
aiding him in his work; pictures on
the walls are gifts of their authors,
and of course, there is alibrary,
without which no office would be fully
equipped, filled with books of Russian
and foreign classics. Another room
here is a bedroom, where everything
remains the same as during
Stanislavsky time, his glasseslay on
thelittle table next to the pages of
the manuscript of which the director
worked here when illness kept him in
bed. All of this suggests that a truly
strong, determined person can not be
overcome even by a serious illness.
Those familiar with the biography
of Konstantin Sergeevich know that
Stanislavsky is just his nom de plume,
and the real name of the famous
director is Alekseyev. Family portraits
of his relatives, Alekseyev merchants,
adorn the walls of the dining room.
Surprisingly, one part of the house
continues virtually the samelife
of art which has been here before.
Onegin hall where rehearsals of the
Opera Studio created by Stanislavski
and named in honor of the first
performance of Eugene Onegin, now
is being used forlectures and concerts
of chamber music.

1 State Central Theater Museum named after A.A .Bakhrushin


www.gctm.ru/
8 (495) 953 44 70
Moscow, Bakhrushina St, 31/12
Tue, Wed, Fri, Sat, Sun from 12.00 to 19.00, Thu from 13.00 to 21.00.
2 A.N. Ostrovsky House Museum
www.gctm.ru
8 (495) 953-86-84
Moscow, Malaya Ordynka St, 9
Daily from 12.00 to 19.00, except Monday, Tuesday andlast Friday of each month.
3 K.S. Stanislavsky House Museum
http://www.museum.ru/m315 - Official Page
8 (495) 629-2855
Moscow, Leontievsky lane, 6
Wed, Fri from 12.00 to 19.00, Thu, Sat, Sun from 11.00 to 18.00,
off Monday, Tuesday

71

of Moscow
Musical
Museums of Moscow
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72

PLOSHAD
REVOLUCII

skiy
en per.

Niki
tska
ya
BIBLIOTEKA
im. LENINA

ul. Bol.

.P
ov
ar

ka
ayn
Sol
ul.

ul.
Kon
us h
ko

present time. Each of those has an


From the vast variety of museums
independent exhibition focusing on
in Moscow, music museums enjoy a
ska
Kra
B. Deviytin
nka
Trekhsv.
sn
ya
i
l
per.
I
just one facet of musical culture.
special
standing.
People
come
here
aya
per.
l.
pl. u
CHKALOVSKAYA
ALEKSANDROVSKIY
z
o
d
V
v
.
a
l
k
i
r
Here are some of them.
to
learn
more
about
the
history
of
z
u
h enka
rva
ul. Noviy Arbat 4
ul. Va
SAD
ARBATSKAYA
h elskiy per.
music
and
about
old
instruments,
ARBATSKAYA
Yau
ul. Z BOROVITSKAYA
AVIAMOTORNAYA
t
nam
Nikoloyamska
Moskvorets
as well as about their favorite
1 Central Museum
SMOLENSKAYA
.
rba
e
b
a
k
n
n
A
a
ka
ya n
ya
a
k
s

ul.
v
ab.
Raushskay
a
musicians
and
composers.
As
you
emle ya nab.
r
SMOLENSKAYA
a
k
K
n
e
s
u
s
a
a
of Musical Culture
n
l . N i k o l o yam s k a
vrazhek
b.
ov sho
iysk
ho
.Sivtsev
erg.Rad. museum
yknow,
a
Entuziastkeeps
Sof
ul.Spersonal
any
ul. B
olk

V
aya
a
y
n
O
KROPOTKINSKAYA
.
v
b
c
h
a
t
.
a
i
n
n
l
o
k
a
niko
sk
u
S molens ya
Visiting this museum would be
aya
Bol
Gagar inskiy per.
of the person
v
r. O
che piece of inspiration
tia
PLOSHAD
ul.
vsk
vc h i n. s
nis
ka
she
ILICHA
mu
a
r
n
m
i
o
d
p
in
whose
honor
it
has
been
created.
fascinating not only for lovers of
.K
Ka NOVOKUZNETSKAYA eskiy
ist
Bol
ul.
ch
e
.
o
r
So,
if
you
want
your
performance
music. The fact is that all of us in
b
MARKSISTSKAYA
zh
TRETYKOVSKAYA
P
ars
na
ul.
ul. T skills or songwriting talents become
pekr.iy
life are often faced with the names
a gansk
aya
uK
ul. Burdenko
charged
from
the
great
masters,
of various musical instruments (for
hil
u
kim
ko
ns b. Ya
aya bov PARK
p
e
k
e
t
KULTURI
s
then
you
simply
need
to
visit
these
example, when reading the book),
ski
r.
a
v
ts
his
yb
an
tso
ka
b
rec
u
u
P
l
museums.
but it is not always possible to
Z o
ya
.
POLYANKA
ul. solim
s
imagine what these instruments
KRESTYANSKAYA
Ro
ul.
ki
og
ZASTAVA

ul.
Kry
ps
e
o
looked like, especially how they
msk
The
All-Russian Museum
ts Shluz
a
i
.
r
.
y
Z
o
PROLETARSKAYA
vay
Val
l.
y pe
per
sounded. To fill these gaps and to
PAVELETSKAYAa
itski Association of Musical
a u
kiy
b. d Krut
Valovay
ul. Zhitnaya
zhs
l.
u
i
r
v
l
learn a lot you can here, at the
s
3
ul. Kor oviy Va

Ne
DOBRININSKAYA
Culture named after
t
OKTYABRSKAYA
FRUNZENSKAYA k

exhibition Musical Instruments of


SERPUKHOVSKAYA
M.I. Glinka
the World.
a
ikov
ul. Me ln
Over 900 traditional and professional
Several
museums are under the
musical instruments will reveal
wing of this association at the
3

73

Museums of Moscow

to you their secrets. Among them


are unique gusli of the 13th14th centuries, found during
archaeological excavations in
the ancient Novgorod, and other
vintage instruments. Once they were

touched by the hand of the musician;


what was he playing, what was he
thinking? Would he dedicate songs to
his beloved, or talk about epic feats?
But not only Russian instruments
are exhibited here. Have you ever
seen a Chinese mouth organ sheng or

74

Guidebook

Vietnamese dan bau monochord, Irish


harp or Scotch bagpipes piob mhor,
Indian vina or African drums, and
much more?
European professional instruments
will talk about the amazing musical
and dance life of the 16th-17th
centuries. Very impressive are the
combat musical instruments, such
as silver trumpets decorated with St.
Georg Crosses overlaid with tassels
and ribbons that were awarded to the
troopss for victory over Napoleon.
Looking at this diversity, one
involuntarily thinks about how much
space in our lives does music take,
and how important is the melody
that sounds in our minds at any
given moment.

the composer himself acknowledged


the significant role played by
Moscow in his life: There is no
doubt that if fate did not pushed
me to Moscow where I lived for over
12 years, I would not achieve what
I did. The life, work, and social
circles of Tchaikovsky in Moscow are
represented in this museum. It has
existed since 2007 in the building of
the P.I. Tchaikovsky Cultural Center,
in the same second floor apartment
where Peter Ilyich lived for a little
over a year. This allowed recreating
the original interior of several
rooms.

Museum
P.I. Tchaikovsky
in Moscow

This one-story house on Arbat Street


looks quite modest among huge
modern buildings, but the exposure
it contains will not appear as small.
After all, it is where the great
singer Fyodor Shaliapin was living.

The title of this exhibition is


dictated, perhaps, by the fact that

Shaliapin House
Museum
3

This house was visited by many


famous people of his time, and not
just musicians. S.V:Rachmaninov
would come to visit, as well as A.M.
Gorky, I.A. Bunin, K.A.Korovin, V.I.
Nemirovich-Danchenko, and many
others.
The rooms exhibit furniture pieces,
personal belongings, photographs,
and works of outstanding artists,
all helping to recreate not only
the features of the famous singer
personality, but the traditions and
history of his family.

75

Museums of Moscow

Guidebook

Here you can add, place permitting,


other branches of the museum,
and their corresponding addresses,
working hours, etc.

1 Glinka Museum of Musical Culture


www.glinka.museum
8 (495) 739 62 26
Moscow, Fadeeva St, 4
Tue, Wed, Fri from 11.00 to 19.00, Thu from 11.00 to 21.00,
Sat and Sun from 12.00 to 19.00.
Entrances, transit, service
2 P.I.Tchaikovsky Cultural Center Moscow
www.glinka.museum
8 (495) 691 15 14
Moscow, Kudrinskaya Sq. 46/54
Daily from 10.00 to 19.00 off Mon, Tue
Transit, service

Korovin
Portrait of F.Chaliapin. 1901

Moscow Memorial
Museum of Scriabin
4

You can touch the living history of


music in the museum located in the
very house where, from 1912 to 1915,
lived the great Russian composer,
pianist, philosopher and poet,
Alexander Nikolayevitch Scriabin.
Here, he not only created his works,
but also played host to visiting
philosophers and artists.
The museum was opened July 17,
1922 and since that time it keeps
attracting people indifferent to the
culture of the Silver Age.

76

3 Shalyapin House Museum


www.shalyapin-museum.org
8 (495) 605 62 36
Moscow, Novinsky Boulevard, 25
Tue from 10.00 to 18.00, Wed from 11.30 to 19.00, Thu from 11.30 to 19.00, Sat
from 10.00 to 18.00, Sun from 10.00 to 16.30
4 Scriabin Memorial Museum Moscow
www.anscriabin.ru
8 (499) 241-19-01
Moscow, Bol. Nikolopeskovsky Lane, 11
off Mon
Tue, Wed, Fri, Sat, Sun from 11.00 to 18.00
Thu from 13.00 to 21.00
Closedlast Friday of each month

Product information can change. Please specify on the phone.

77

Small Children
Museums of Moscow

KOMSOMOLSKAYA

Bskoay
gao
rod
sko
es
hos
se

cha

ev

a y a n ab.
Si
esk
ich
Zo y r o
lo t m y a t n
b.
a
n
o r o z h s k aya

ul. Novoryazanska

Vo lo

ul.

goz
hsk
iy V
al

belm
anov
skay
a ul
. Ro

ul.
A

bul.

r o vskiy

ul.
Nar
odn
aya

yV
al

kh
ro

Pr. Mira

ennoy Val

rov
k

ok

Kolpach
n i y p e r.
lo
sk
iy

zsk
iy

Po
k

Kitaygorodsk
iypr.
.

Sadovnich

ul. Bol. Ordinka


ul. Pyatnitsk
aya

Olim
piys
kiy p
r.

ul. .Po
lyanka

ul. Zem
l

Mya Milutinskiy p
er.
sn
it
Kr ska
ya

Lubi
anka

ul. B
.

ul.
Nik
ols
ka
ya

etskoy armii

ul. So
v

kay
a

ul. Bol. Y
akima
nka

KRESTYANSKAYA
ZASTAVA

tiruemiy proezd

Okruzh
noy pr.

890 Pr
oek

Sch
CHERKIZOVSKAYA
e
s
Sireneviy bulevar
hos
koe S
lkovs
Sche

Interactive Exhibition
Center of the Moscow
ul. Sov
etskaya
Museum of Animation
3

aya
ovsk
rtak
a
p
S
ul.

ul. Sovetskaya

One of the childrens favorite


ul. 2-nd Sovetsk
ay
activities is watching cartoons.
Painted pictures which come to
life tell a variety of stories to the
child in alanguage
it can relate to.
PARTIZANSKAYA
In the exhibit, you can find out how
sse
Izmaylovskoe sho
cartoons were made throughout
the time, and how the animation
developed. Additionally, the museum
offers video watching opportunities,
and participation in workshops for
creating your own cartoons.

u
aya l. Ba
um
vsk
ho
k
l
O
.
l
u

anskaya

ka
ya

Even a fairy tale character can have


its own museum!
Everything inside
PARTIZANSKAYA
it is as told in the fairyovstale:
the
sse
Izmayl koe sho
tiny chamber of Papa Carlo, the pond
where Tortilla the Turtlelives, and the
house of Malvina the Doll. In the form
of a fascinating game, the children
willlearn alot about the puppet
theaters from around the world
and about their favorite fairytale
character, not just the ones from the
Buratino book. And of course, they
will visit the fairy tale by themselves.
The museum has presented many
programs based on books by Gianni
se
Rodari, Hans Christian Andersen, and
hos
oe S
k
s
v
other favorite childrens stories.
elko

sis

KOMSOMOLSKAYA

va

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k
ar

sn
Kra
ul.
ts

ul. .Andr onevskaay

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ovok
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skaya
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r.
tniy pe

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zska har
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ansk
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omi
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heskaya ab.
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aya n
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hina
a na
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tska
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omo
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POLYANKA

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aya
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otn
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NAREVOLUCII
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TEATRALNAYA

uschevsKkraisyn Va
ay l

ul.

LUBYANKA

House of Fairy Tales


Once Upon a Time at
the All-Russian Exhibition
Center
1

What do most kidslove? Of course, the


fairy tales! So, as soon as yourlittle
ones turn three, feel free to take them
P
ul. Bol. Kazenpneiyr.

to visit a fairy tale. Here you and

your child willlearn alot about your


s
KURSKAYA
favorite fairy tale characters, interact
with them, and even become a hero
ul. S
CHKALOVSKAYA
of a fairy tale yourselves. How is this
o k olnichesky Val
h elskiy per.
possible? Due to the unique exhibit
AVIAMOTORNAYA
Nikoloyamska
sets serving as a backdrop which

allows children to move into the world
ul. N
shosse
i k o l o yam s k a ya
of fantasy.
Entuziastov
ul.Serg.Rad.

aya
There are several programs in the
esk

h
KRASNOSELSKAYA
c
i
PLOSHAD
ist
un
ILICHA
House of Fairy Tales, they grow
mm
o
K
.
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ul.
along with your child, and maybe you
ul.
MARKSISTSKAYA
Gav
riko
ul. T
will enjoy many happy returns to this
a
y
va
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ru aya
wonderful place.
op

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ad.-Samotech. ul. Sad.-Suharevsk


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u
aya l. Ba
um
vsk
ho
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l
O
ul.

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ul. 2-nd Sovetsk
ay
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2

tiruemiy proezd

Pr. Mira

Kr
ul.

aya
dn
pru
o
asn

ul. Sovetskaya

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oek

ul. Yaroslavskaya

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anskaya

otechnaya
ul. Sam

PROSPEKT
MIRA
.
bul
niy
d
z
Zve

ul.
Gav
riko
va

The vast majority of the Moscow


museums is focused, in particular, on
working with preschool and school
children. Some of these museums help
you betterlearn some topics from the
school program, other ones generate
interest inlearning, and some offer
new hobbies to the children. In this
chapter, we will provide some more
addresses useful for those who are
visiting Moscow with children. Here
are some entertaining childrens
museums which will definitely create
good mood for yourlittle ones.

Okruzh
noy pr.

Pro
do
lni
y

Olim
piys
kiy p
r.

Gal
ush
kin
a
ul. Kosmonavtov
KRASNOSELSKAYA

Pro
spe
kt M
ira

ul. Tsandera

ul. So
v

DOSTOEVSKAYA
AYA

ul.
Bor
isa

aya
insk
ank
Ost
1-ya

etskoy armii

ul. 1-st O
stankinsk
ayaaya
ul. TrifonovskVISTAVOCHNIY
CENTR
ULITSA
VDNKH
AKADEMIKA
KOROLEVA

Bo
go
rod
sko
es
hos
se

ul. S
o k olnichesky Val

pr.

1
RIZHSKAYA

gey
aE
yze
nsh
tey
na

ul. Sov
etskaya

VDNKH

CHERKIZOVSKAYA
Sireneviy bulevar
hosse
koe S
lkovs
Sche

Izmaylovskiy proezd

ARINA ROSCHA

l. Suschevskiy Val
uno

ul.
Sr

sse
Sho
skoe
v
o
elk
Sch

Guidebook

79

Museums of Moscow

Guidebook

House of Fairy Tales Once Upon a Time at the All-Russian Exhibition


Center
www.domskazok.ru
8 (499) 760 22 06
Moscow, Prospekt Mira, 119, Hall 3
The museum is open from 10.00 to 17.30, seven days a week
Visiting by appointment only.
2

Buratino-Pinocchio Museum
www.domskazok.ru
8 (499) 164 05 76
Moscow, 2nd Parkovaya St, 18
Daily from 10.00 to 17.30
By appointment only
3

Museum of Unique
Dolls

Museum of Soviet
Arcade Games

Another topic the children never tire


of is toys. And vendors do everything
to entertain thelittle ones. You
should see what kinds of dolls they
released over the years! But even
growing up, many are not in a hurry to
part with dolls - there are collectibles
resembling rather works of art than
purely dolls.
The museum houses a unique
collection of toys, created notlater
than the beginning of the 20th
century. All of them are restored, and
their outfits are chosen to represent
the era. Tinyladies inlace with their
toy furniture and tea sets will quicken
the heart pace of adults and children
alike.

Here is another greeting from the


past, albeit not so distant one. Everything here is simple; real, working
game machines from thelast century
are gathered here in one place. Once
they seemed to be the pinnacle
of technology, and then, became
outdated. Nevertheless, they can still
offer you joy. For some people, it may
be the joy of coming back into their
own childhood, and for some other
ones, the opportunity to get into the
world of childhood of their parents.
The ticket price includes the tour of
the collection and 15 games. If you
have a stock of old Pyatnschki, the
15-kopeck-coins, bring them along,
and use them as tokens.

80

Interactive Exhibition Center of the Moscow Museum of Animation


www.animamuseum.ru
8 (495) 544 34 00
Moscow, Prospekt Mira, 119
Tuesday - Friday: 11.00 to 18.00
Sat - Sun from 11.00 to 19.00
Entrances, transit, service

Museum of Unique Dolls


www.dollmuseum.ru
8 (495) 625 64 05
Moscow, Pokrovka St, 13 House 2
Off Mon, Tue-Sun from 10.00 to 18.00
5

Museum of Soviet Arcade Games


www.15kop.ru
8 (916) 167-19-25
Moscow, Bauman St, 11
Mon Thu from 14.00 to 21.00
Fri - Sun from 13.00 to 20.00

Product information can change. Please specify on the phone.

81

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lennoy Val

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ha
If you are tired of serious museums,
n
ul. S
rs
ul. Nov. Basmannaya a
KRASNIE
ul. T
iy
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pekr.iy
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maybe you shouldlook at some
nTn
a
vskiy
a
ya
m
i ts
s
Rozh
n
m
a
i
s
unusual places, which Moscow also
B
lk
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Mi
ovsky
ya
ero.
BULVAR TURGENEVSKAYA vskiyr.
ten ab.
Deneisr.
a
s
r
i
has in abundance. After all, not just
n
ts
p
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ch
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.a
CHISTIE ritone pe
ka
A Pre
ul.
.
ha
PRUDy
y
K
Ch
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a
paintings or shards from some ancient
ul. Radi
ist B.
o
o
i
a
KRESTYANSKAYA
e
l
o
ul.
n
k
pitchers may be considered
museum
k
2
ivoper. . Pota
ZASTAVA

Kry
ps
msk
se Shl
t
objects;
on
the
contrary,
those
could
uzo
iy V
r. PROLETARSKAYA
P
Za
ZNETSKIY MOST
vay
y pe
al ul .
i
ul. Bol. Kayzaenpneiyr.u l . PAVELETSKAYA
a
k
s
t

include
a
wide
variety
of
items.
A trip
i
va
LUBYANKA ul. Zhitnaya a
b. d Krut
ATRALNAYA
ul. Valo
k
r

3
3
ull.. KMoraorvoiyseVayl
to
an
unusual
museum
will
help
you

DOBRININSKAYAs
u
v er.
KURSKAYA
OKTYABRSKAYAKITAY
D
p
SERPUKHOVSKAYA
diversify
your
cultural
program
in
the
CII
kh
GOROD
K
Kho

ras
na
ya
p
OVSKIY l.

ul. Sovetskaya

per.

ul. Sov
etskaya

PARTIZANSKAYA

P
ul. Bol. Kazenpneiyr.
s

per

aya
zsk
rya

Sta
ul.

ako v

og
ern
Ch

a
seyk
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yp
ski
ian
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ul. Bol.

ul.

LUBYANKA

TEATRALNAYA

na
igi
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C

ka

KUZNETSKIY MOST

y
dni
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l
r.
bu povskiy. pe

ul. Rozhdestvenka

ul.
N e gl innaya

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pe

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a
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r
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CHEKHOVSKAYA
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.
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Kh
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o l. S o
RIZHSKAYA
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ul. S
KRASNIE
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CHERKIZOVSKAYA
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lkovs
Sche

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p
ul. S
BAUMANSKAYA
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ubnaya

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aya l. Ba
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tech. ul. Sad.-Suhare


l. Sad.-SamoTSVETNOY
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-Ka
.
ssk
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.
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.
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Pr. Mira

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Guidebook
ul.
Gav
riko
va

anskaya

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oprole
Krasn

de
ev
a

PROSPEKT MIRA

otechnaya
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ya
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gor
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Olim
piys
kiy p
r.

Unusual Museums of Moscow

890 Pr
oek

a ul. Dos
Palih
toe
vsk
og
MENDELEEVSKAYA
o of Moscow
Museums
DOSTOEVSKAYA
NOVOSLOBODSKAYA

capital, provide an opportunity for


taking some rather unusual photos,
andleave you with
an unforgettable experience.

Lomakov Museum
of Vintage Cars and
Motorcycles
1

It turns out that even a car can get


to a museum, especially if many years
passed since its creation, and the car
itself managed to become a movie

83

Museums of Moscow

Guidebook

star. But,like any other valuable


object, a car or a motorcycle requires
care and maintenance, special storage
conditions, and vigilant professional
care.
With the goal of saving unique and
rare cars, an enthusiastic Lomakov
family gathers its amazing collection
since 1959. All cars here are special,
not just because of their release year,
but because of stories associated
with them. Many of them belonged
to famous people, and some even
changed several celebrity owners,
some starred in movies, participated
in combat, or adorned international
exhibitions with their presence.

84

Forest Museum

If you are concerned about the


environment, and, walking around
Moscow, you are thinking about
being close to nature, then you simply
must visit this unusual but very nice
museum.
Decline in forest area of the world
leads us to believe that soon we may
be able to experience the forest only
in a museum exhibit. To avoid this,
you need to realize the importance
of forests in ourlives, andlearn to
appreciate and understand them.
That is why, in 1998, the Russian
Forest Museum was created, with its
opening commemorating the 200th
anniversary of the Forest Department
inception in Russia.
The building which houses the
museum is designed and equipped
specifically to fit its requirements.
Each room of the exhibition tells the
story of some aspect from thelife of
forest and its interaction with man.
For instance, in the Forest Temple
hall you may educate yourself about

forest being a complex biological


community. Here you can hear the
sounds of nature, such as murmur of
a brook or birds singing, witness the
change of seasons, observe forestlives
of birds, animals, insects and plants,
and get to experience that childhood
feeling of walking through a mixed
forest once again.
Another part of the exhibition, the
Wooden Russia, explains what place
wood took in thelives of our ancestors
who erected wooden houses and even
temples, and made many household
items out of wood. The forest aided in
taming the waters as well.
Active use of forests hasled to the
necessity of its preservation and
adequate consumption of its gifts,
with this problem becoming already
important over 300 years ago.

3 Cold War Museum


Bunker-42 on Taganka

For thrill-seekers, Moscow has a


really special museum. It islocated
at a depth of 65 meters, is fully
autonomous, and can survive the
aftermath of a nuclear attack. Few
people today understand that such an
object was indeed needed, because
the world became divided by the
Cold War. For almost 30 years, the
bunker was ready to protect people
in the event of nuclear attack. But,
fortunately, the tension between the
two countries began to weaken, and
now this place is amazing memento
of a bygone era, a museum helping to
appreciate the importance of peaceful
sky above your head.

85

Museums of Moscow

Guidebook

Lomakov Museum of Vintage Cars and Motorcycles


www.lomakovka.ru
8 (495) 356 79 95
Moscow, Krasnodarskaya St, estate 58
Open daily from 11.00 to 19.00
Parking, entrances, transit
2

Contemporary Museum
of Calligraphy

Museum of the History


of Vodka

Probably hardly anyone now would be


surprised by the idea that beautifully
writtenletters may be noless worthy
of a museum exhibit than a painting
or a sculpture. Depending on how the
word is written, we perceive its value.
And now, in the age of electronic
communication, we oftenlament that
we have stopped writingletters.
If you enjoy the art of calligraphy,
you should go to the first museum
in Russia, dedicated to the art of
lettering, opened August 14, 2008.
Its exposition contains unique
letter samples, world masterpieces
created by acknowledged masters of
calligraphy samples of national and
European writing, works of Jewish
and Arab calligraphy schools, and of
course, the masterpieces of Japanese
and Chinese writing. You will also
see here various books on the art of
calligraphy, rare manuscripts and
writing instruments.

Throughout the world, vodka is traditionally considered a drink originating from Russia; it warms you in the
cold and whets appetite. And, used in
moderation, it may transform any meal
in a cordial get-together.
And now, it also has its own museum
telling about the 500-year history
of the drink. It contains recipes and
labels, measuring reservoirs for watering holes, decrees of rulers from
different times pertaining to vodka,
and even works of art on the topic. The
exposition is arranged chronologically:
ancient Russia, the Russian Empire,
World War II, the Soviet Union, and
modern Russia.
Here, you will hear alot about technological process of vodka preparation,
and even see the oldest Russian-made
apparatus for sublimation of alcoholcontaining raw materials, historical documents, portraits of people
involved in the history of vodka and
spirits industry, different vodka bottles, and various alcohol paraphernalia.

86

Forest Museum
www.museum.forest.ru
8 (495) 959 15 17
Moscow, 5 Monetchikovsky Lane, 4
Wed, Thu from 11.00 to 19.00. Fri, Sat, Sun from 10.00 to 18.00
Monday and Tuesday the museum is closed to visitors
In summer, from 01.06 to 31.08
Mon - Fri. from 10.00 to 18.00. Off Sat, Sun
3

Cold War Museum Bunker-42 on Taganka


www.bunker42.com
8 (495) 500 05 54
Moscow, 5th Kotelnichesky Lane, 11
Mon - Sun around the clock
4

Contemporary Museum of Calligraphy


www.calligraphy-museum.com
8 (495) 728-77-58
Moscow, 5 Luchevoy vista, 7, Building 6
Tue Fri from 12.00 to 21.00. Sat, Sun from 10.00 to 19.00
5

Museum of Vodka History


www.vodkamuseum.ru
+7 (499) 166-50-97
Moscow, Izmailovskoe Shosse, 73-Zh
Daily from 10.00 to 20.00

Product information can change. Please specify on the phone.

87

Museums of Museums
Moscow
Estate

Guidebook

88

It would be impossible to ignore


such a category of cultural
establishments as estate museums.
Until present time, 64 architectural
and parking ensembles have survived
in Moscow, offering opportunities for
walks and reveries on fresh air, and
sometimes adding to that visits to
interesting museums.

1 Kolomenskoye
Museum-Reserve

Fairly extensive natural area hosting


this museum-reserve is related to a
large number of historical events.
It is known that people were living
here for the last 2.5 thousand years.
Later, Kolomenskoye goes into

89

Museums of Moscow

possession grand princes and tsars


of Moscow. What life was like in every
historical epoch is shown in the
exhibit Milestones in the History
of Kolomenskoye located in the
front gate complex. You will pass
through a chamber which is small on
the outside but very roomy inside,
and before your eyes, all epochs and

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Guidebook

historical figures whose names are


associated with Kolomenskoye will
pass. Also, you will be able to see a
peculiar tower clock mechanism, and
learn not only about live of tzars here,
but simple peasants of Kolomenskaya
parish as well, and become familiar
with its unique collection of white
stone architectural details of the
17th-18th centuries.
Your attention will be necessarily
drawn to the Ascension Church, an
architectural monument of the 16th
century, and inscribed in the World
Heritage List of UNESCO. In the
basement of this temple, unusual
in its architecture, the exposition
Archaeology and the Restoration of
the Ascension of the Lord Church
is located.
Near the temple is Vodovzvodnaya
Tower with a permanent
exhibit called the Royal Water
Transportation System. History of
Water Supply in the 17th 20th
Centuries. The tower itself was built
in the years 1630-1640; it retains its

water-lifting mechanism, which is


especially valuable and even unique
for the exhibit showcasing water
transportation system of medieval
Russia. Here you can learn more
about different mechanisms, and will
see the system of water lifting and
distribution shown on the working
mockup of the tower.
Another point of interest is interior
exhibition House of Peter I. It
really is a small house in which Peter
I lived when overseeing construction
of Novodvinsk fortresses and
warships. This house arrived in
Moscow, disassembled, in the 1930s.
Exposure recreates residential
interior in accordance with
descriptions surviving until present
time. This provides an opportunity to
imagine the harsh imperial life.
Peters house is not the only wooden
guest in Kolomenskoye. Going a bit
deeper into the estate, you will see
the open-air Museum of Wooden
Architecture. It contains wooden
buildings transported to here from

various places, such as the Church of


St. George the Victorious, the Tower
of Nikolo-Korelsky Monastery, Tower
of the Brotherhood Prison, and the
Moss Tower of the Sumy prison.
Of great interest to tourists is a
newly built wooden palace. This
building, located in the former
Diakovo village, recreates the palace
of Tsar Alexei Mikhailovich (father
of Peter I) in Kolomenskoye. It
contains an interesting exposition
dedicated to everyday life of Russian
tsars, about the purpose of each
room of the palace, about interests
and hobbies of the royal couple
and their children, as well as about
the historical role all of them were
destined to play.
By far, this is not an exhaustive
list of interesting objects found
in Kolomenskoye. In addition
to the natural and architectural
monuments, there are exhibitions,
folk fests, concerts and festivals.

91

Museums of Moscow

Guidebook

Museum-reserve
Tsaritsyno
2

This place, formerly known as


Chernaya Gryaz (Black Mud),
has received its name because
Catherine II suddenly took a liking
to it, intending to build a palace
and establish residence here. The
subsequent history is well known.
Empress commissioned architect
V.I. Bazhenov to design the place,
and in ten years, he created an
architectural ensemble consisting
of various buildings, such as palaces,
bridges and buildings. But Catherine
did not like the main palace, so she
ordered completed structure to be
destroyed, with a new one being
built in its place. M.F.Kazakov was
appointed to oversee the project.
Time passed, a new palace was being
built, but the Empress has already
lost interest to the estate, once so
charming to her, and the financing
was now not provided regularly. It
took Kazakov ten more years just
to complete the rough draft of the
palace. Soon after this, Catherine
II died, and her son, Paul I, would
not order continuation of work in
this place. So the unfinished palace
immediately became a wreck. The
work of the two great architects was
actually destroyed by royal whims.
Reconstruction of the palace and the
whole estate began in 2005. Now all
its premises are used as museum and
exhibition facilities.
The Grand Palace hosts several

92

exhibits showing different aspects of


this legendary estate. The Tsaritsyno
Antiquities exhibit tells the story
of the archaeological finds made
in the area, Live and Times of
Tsaritsyno talks about the history of
the architectural ensemble. You can
also look at the works of applied art,
including those depicting Tsaritsyno
landscapes. The next part of the
museum is dedicated to the owner of
this place, it is called Catherine the
Great.
Bread House has a working
exhibition called Art within the
Borders of the USSR, which contains
a collection of folk and decorative
art objects from the museum-reserve
Tsaritsyno.

93

Museums of Moscow

Kuzminki Estate

Sadly, not much has survived from


the old estate owned by Stroganov
barons and Golitsyn princes, with
buildings designed by R.R.Kazakov,
I.V.Egotov, I.P.Zherebtsov, Domenico
Gilardi and other architects. The
legendary Russian Versailles in
all its glory has come to us only on
pictures. Nowadays, Kuzminki is a
great park for recreation and unity
with nature, with some museums
located there as well.
Among them is the Museum of Rus-

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Guidebook

sian Estate Culture, Manor of Golitsyn Princes Vlahernskoye-Kuzminki.


The museum exists here since
1999, and is happy to host visitors
interested in the Russian way of
life, different aspects of which are
represented in its exhibitions and
programs.
In servant wing of the exposition
Meet the Golitsyn islocated. It tells
about the estate owners, about their
ways oflife, receptions they offered as
entertainment, how they spend their
time, what did they wear, etc.
The exhibition The Stable Yard of a
Suburban Manor is located precisely
in the stables, inside the building
which is a monument of architecture
of the 19th century, built by design
of Domenico Gilardi. Here you will
learn about some old means of transportation, horses and coachmen.
In the museum, there is a variety of
programs, childrens clubs are being
conducted here as well.

4 State Museum
of Ceramics and Kuskovo
18th Century Estate

Kuskovo was in Sheremetievs


possession, and it was under their
ownership that it became a real
piece of garden art. This summer
country residence was intended
for receptions, including the royal
visits, for conducting well-attended
festivals and theater performances.
It is particularly important that the

estate is well preserved; over twenty


architectural masterpieces have
survived until our time, while regular
park with ponds and pavilions
provides additional pleasure for
visitors.
In 1938, the unique Russian Museum
of Ceramics was transferred here.
Now, this collection of ceramics
and glass from different countries
and times, starting from antiquity,
is, without exaggeration, one of the
largest in the world.

95

Museums of Moscow

1 Kolomenskoye Museum-Reserve
www.mgomz.ru
8 (495) 232 61 90
Moscow, Prospekt Andropova, 39
around the clock
Entrances, transit
2 Tsaritsyno Museum-Reserve
www.tsaritsyno.net/ru
8 (495) 321 63 66
Moscow,located between the following streets: Vozdushnaya, Bazhenov,
Lipetskaya and Shipilovsky drive along the shores of Tsaritsyno ponds
from 6.00 to 24.00
Parking, entrances, transit
3 Kuzminki Estate
www.kuzpark.ru
8 (495) 258 45 60
Moscow, Kuzminskaya St, 10
around the clock
4 State Museum of Ceramics and Kuskovo 18th Century Estate
www.kuskovo.ru
8 (495) 375 31 31
Moscow, Ulitsa Yunosti, 2
Off Mon-Tue, Wednesday-Sun from 10.00 to 18.00
Entrances, transit

96

Product information can change. Please specify on the phone.

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