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CERAMAH TEKNIK

MENGAJAR DAN MENJAWAB


SOALAN MATEMATIK
SPM(1449) 2012
Oleh
EN. PANG KONG TECK
SMK PENRISSEN NO.1
Tel: 016-8888375

By Pang Kong Teck

TEKNIK MENJAWAB SOALAN


MATEMATIK SPM (1449)

By Pang Kong Teck

Target these topics


Section

Topic

Mark

1. Simultaneous Linear
Equations

2. Mathematical Reasoning

Sure can
3. Matrices

pass !

1. Statistics

2. Graphs of Functions

3. Plans and Elevations

4. Transformation

Total

38
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1. Simultaneous Linear Equations

4 marks

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1. Elimination method
2k 3w = 10 -----------(1)
4k + w = -1 ------------(2)
(1) x 2 4k 6w = 20------------(3) K1
(2) (3)
7w = -21 K1
w = -3
N1
Substitute in (1), 2k 3(-3) = 10
2k = 1
1
k=
N1
2
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2. Substitution method
2k - 3w = 10 -----------(1)
4k + w = -1 ------------(2)
From (2) w = -1 - 4k K1
Substitute into (1)
2k - 3(-1 - 4k) = 10
14k = 7 K1

1
k= N1
2
w=-3 N1

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3.Matrix method
2k 3w = 10
4k + w = -1

Note:
k

w

1
= 2

-3

N1

2 -3 k 10

=
4 1 w -1
k
1 1
=
14
w
-4
1
k
2
=

-3
w
1

k=

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, w=-3

K1
3 10 K1

2 -1

N1

N1

2k 3w = 10
4k + w = -1
a1=2, b1=-3, c1=10
a2=4, b2=1, c2=-1

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y=
EQN
2
-3
10
4
1
-1
Unknowns
c
2?
ax=
b
1? MAT ? VCT
12
32
3-3
0.5
0
0

2. Quadratic Equations

4 marks

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Solve the quadratic equation


2x2 + 4x = 3(1+x)
2x2 + x 3 = 0 K1
(2x + 3)(x 1) = 0 K1
3
x N1 x = 1 N1
2

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2x2 + x 3 = 0
a = 2, b = 1, c = -3

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c
?x1=
x2=
2
x2=
1
-3
Unknowns
Degree
MAT
? VCT
?
bEQN
a
1 2
23
-3/2
-1.5
3 01

Using calculator
3p2 +15p
=9
2

p2 + 5p 6 = 0
(p 1 )(p +6 )=0
p=1

p = -6

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4. Region of Inequalities
Shade the region
3 marks

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NOTES:
> or < dashed line (-----)
or solid line ( ___ )
y below the line
y above the line

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Eg.Shade the region which satisfies y -2x+8, y 8 and x<4.


y

y = -2x+8

x=4
y=8

7. Probability

5-6 marks

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Since
07

Listing the possible outcomes

2010

Tree diagram

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8. Arc Length and Area of Sector


Find the area of sector
and arc length (perimeter )
6 marks

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(Q 09)
Given that OQ = 12 cm, CD = 3.5 cm and
22
0
POQ = 70 . Use =
and give the answer
7
correct to two decimal places. Calculate
(a)the area, in cm2, of the coloured region,
(b)the perimeter, in cm2, of the coloured region.
P

E
O F

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[6 marks]

Solution:

Circle
Area = r 2
Circumference = 2r

Area

E
O F C

Sector

Area of sector = 360 r2

Length of arc= 360 2r

D Q

0
70
22
(a)
12
0
360
7
700 22
12
0
360
7

1 22
or 3.5
2 7
1 22
- 2 3.5
7

= 68.75 cm2 N1
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K1
K1

Circle

Perimeter

Area = r 2
Circumference = 2r
Sector
Area of sector =

O F C

D Q

Length of arc=

360

360

r2
2r

or 1 x 2 x 22 x 3.5
700
22
2 x
x12
(b)
K1
0
360
7
2
7
1
22
700
22
2 x
x12 + x 2 x
x 3.5 + 12 + (12 7)
0
360
7
2
7
= 42.67 cm

N1
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K1

13. Graphs of Functions

12 marks

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(Q 09)
(a) Complete table in the answer space for the equation
y = x3 9x + 4 by writing down the values of y when x = 1
and x = 2.
(b) For this part of the question, use the graph paper provided.
You may use a flexible curve rule.
By using a scale of 2 cm to 1 unit on the x-axis and 2 cm to
5 units on the y-axis, draw the graph of y = x3 9x + 4 for
3 x 4.
(c) By using the graph drawn, find
(i) the value of y when x = -2.5,
(ii) the value of x when y = 20.
(d) Draw a suitable straight line on your graph to find the
values of x which satisfy the equation x3 15x + 4 = 0 for
3 x 4. State these values of x.
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Answer:
(a)
x 3 2 -1
y 4 14

0
4

1 2
-4

3 3.5 4
4 15.4 32

(b) Refer graph.


(c) (i)y = _____________
(ii) x = _____________
(d) x = ________, _________
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Solution

(a) y = x3 9x + 4
x -1 1 2
y 12 -4 -6
x3 9x + 4
CALC X? -1 =12
CALC X? 2 = -6

X ALPHA X

(b)

35

y = x3 x9x + 4

30
25
20
x

15

x
x

10
5

-3

-2

-1

By Pang Kong-5
Teck

x
x

(c) (i) when x = -2.5


y = 11 P1
10 x 12
(ii) when y = 20
x = 3.65 P1
3.6 x 3.7
Values of x and y obtained by calculation
P0
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(d)

eliminate
y = x3 9x + 4
0 = x3 15x + 4
y=

6x

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(b)(i) JKLMN is the image of ABCDE under combined


transformations HG. Describe in full, the transformation:
(a) G (b) H

(ii)It is given that the pentagon ABCDE represents a region of area


80 m2 . Calculate the area, in m2, of the region represented by the
By Pang Kong Teck
coloured region.
[9m]


T is a translation
Solution
.
-2
P is a reflection in the straight line x = 1
5

(a)(i)T, (ii) TP
Note: less mark if
no answer in the
answer space
P1

(4, 4)

(a) i. (-2, 4)
ii. (-2, 4)

T
P

(3

,2

) P1

(4

,4

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9(

,2 ) P2

(b)(i) JKLMN is the image of ABCDE under combined


transformations HG. Describe in full, the transformation:
(a) G (b) H

HG

G:rotation H:enlargement
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(b)(i)
G: Rotation 900 clokwise (or 2700
anticlockwise) at centre (0, 2) P3
Note:
Rotation 900 clokwise
P2
(or 2700 anticlockwise)
Rotation at centre (0, 2)
Rotation

P1

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P2

15. Statistics

12 marks

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Ogive

Cum/ freq

y: cum. freq
x: upper boundary

40

30

20

x
x

zero

Give-cumup

10

x
x
x
20.5 30.5

x
40.5 50.5

60.5 70.5 80.5 90.5

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Distance (km)

(b)

Frequency polygon

Frequency

y: frequency
x: midpoint

6
x

Poly-fre-mid
x

4
x
x

zero

x
0

x
55.5 65.5 75.5 85.5 95.5
15.5 25.5 35.5 45.5
Distance
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(km)

Histogram

Frequency

y:frequency
x:class interval

8
Should
have gap
6

His-fre-class

81-90

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71-80

61-70

51-60

41-50

31-40

21-30

Distance (km)

Median and measures of dispersion


from ogive
median - M
lower/first quartile Q1
upper/third quartile Q3
Interquartile range = Q3-Q1

Answer from horizontal axis


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16. Plans and Elevations

12 marks

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(a)

Important notes:
Accept:
Drawing only
Without labels/wrong labels
More than 1 answer
Correct rotation

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Less mark:
Bold line
Double line
Crooked line
Non-collinear line /gap
Right angle 900
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No mark:
Lateral inversions
Draw on graph paper

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Selamat Maju Jaya

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