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# CERAMAH TEKNIK

## MENGAJAR DAN MENJAWAB

SOALAN MATEMATIK
SPM(1449) 2012
Oleh
EN. PANG KONG TECK
SMK PENRISSEN NO.1
Tel: 016-8888375

## TEKNIK MENJAWAB SOALAN

MATEMATIK SPM (1449)

## Target these topics

Section

Topic

Mark

1. Simultaneous Linear
Equations

2. Mathematical Reasoning

Sure can
3. Matrices

pass !

1. Statistics

2. Graphs of Functions

## 3. Plans and Elevations

4. Transformation

Total

38
By Pang Kong Teck

4 marks

## By Pang Kong Teck

1. Elimination method
2k 3w = 10 -----------(1)
4k + w = -1 ------------(2)
(1) x 2 4k 6w = 20------------(3) K1
(2) (3)
7w = -21 K1
w = -3
N1
Substitute in (1), 2k 3(-3) = 10
2k = 1
1
k=
N1
2
By Pang Kong Teck

2. Substitution method
2k - 3w = 10 -----------(1)
4k + w = -1 ------------(2)
From (2) w = -1 - 4k K1
Substitute into (1)
2k - 3(-1 - 4k) = 10
14k = 7 K1

1
k= N1
2
w=-3 N1

3.Matrix method
2k 3w = 10
4k + w = -1

Note:
k

w

1
= 2

-3

N1

2 -3 k 10

=
4 1 w -1
k
1 1
=
14
w
-4
1
k
2
=

-3
w
1

k=

## By Pang Kong Teck

, w=-3

K1
3 10 K1

2 -1

N1

N1

2k 3w = 10
4k + w = -1
a1=2, b1=-3, c1=10
a2=4, b2=1, c2=-1

y=
EQN
2
-3
10
4
1
-1
Unknowns
c
2?
ax=
b
1? MAT ? VCT
12
32
3-3
0.5
0
0

4 marks

## By Pang Kong Teck

2x2 + 4x = 3(1+x)
2x2 + x 3 = 0 K1
(2x + 3)(x 1) = 0 K1
3
x N1 x = 1 N1
2

## By Pang Kong Teck

2x2 + x 3 = 0
a = 2, b = 1, c = -3

c
?x1=
x2=
2
x2=
1
-3
Unknowns
Degree
MAT
? VCT
?
bEQN
a
1 2
23
-3/2
-1.5
3 01

Using calculator
3p2 +15p
=9
2

p2 + 5p 6 = 0
(p 1 )(p +6 )=0
p=1

p = -6

## By Pang Kong Teck

4. Region of Inequalities
3 marks

## By Pang Kong Teck

NOTES:
> or < dashed line (-----)
or solid line ( ___ )
y below the line
y above the line

y

y = -2x+8

x=4
y=8

7. Probability

5-6 marks

Since
07

2010

Tree diagram

## 8. Arc Length and Area of Sector

Find the area of sector
and arc length (perimeter )
6 marks

## By Pang Kong Teck

(Q 09)
Given that OQ = 12 cm, CD = 3.5 cm and
22
0
POQ = 70 . Use =
7
correct to two decimal places. Calculate
(a)the area, in cm2, of the coloured region,
(b)the perimeter, in cm2, of the coloured region.
P

E
O F

## By Pang Kong Teck

[6 marks]

Solution:

Circle
Area = r 2
Circumference = 2r

Area

E
O F C

Sector

## Length of arc= 360 2r

D Q

0
70
22
(a)
12
0
360
7
700 22
12
0
360
7

1 22
or 3.5
2 7
1 22
- 2 3.5
7

= 68.75 cm2 N1
By Pang Kong Teck

K1
K1

Circle

Perimeter

Area = r 2
Circumference = 2r
Sector
Area of sector =

O F C

D Q

Length of arc=

360

360

r2
2r

or 1 x 2 x 22 x 3.5
700
22
2 x
x12
(b)
K1
0
360
7
2
7
1
22
700
22
2 x
x12 + x 2 x
x 3.5 + 12 + (12 7)
0
360
7
2
7
= 42.67 cm

N1
By Pang Kong Teck

K1

12 marks

## By Pang Kong Teck

(Q 09)
(a) Complete table in the answer space for the equation
y = x3 9x + 4 by writing down the values of y when x = 1
and x = 2.
(b) For this part of the question, use the graph paper provided.
You may use a flexible curve rule.
By using a scale of 2 cm to 1 unit on the x-axis and 2 cm to
5 units on the y-axis, draw the graph of y = x3 9x + 4 for
3 x 4.
(c) By using the graph drawn, find
(i) the value of y when x = -2.5,
(ii) the value of x when y = 20.
(d) Draw a suitable straight line on your graph to find the
values of x which satisfy the equation x3 15x + 4 = 0 for
3 x 4. State these values of x.
By Pang Kong Teck

(a)
x 3 2 -1
y 4 14

0
4

1 2
-4

3 3.5 4
4 15.4 32

## (b) Refer graph.

(c) (i)y = _____________
(ii) x = _____________
(d) x = ________, _________
By Pang Kong Teck

Solution

(a) y = x3 9x + 4
x -1 1 2
y 12 -4 -6
x3 9x + 4
CALC X? -1 =12
CALC X? 2 = -6

X ALPHA X

(b)

35

y = x3 x9x + 4

30
25
20
x

15

x
x

10
5

-3

-2

-1

By Pang Kong-5
Teck

x
x

## (c) (i) when x = -2.5

y = 11 P1
10 x 12
(ii) when y = 20
x = 3.65 P1
3.6 x 3.7
Values of x and y obtained by calculation
P0
By Pang Kong Teck

(d)

eliminate
y = x3 9x + 4
0 = x3 15x + 4
y=

6x

## (b)(i) JKLMN is the image of ABCDE under combined

transformations HG. Describe in full, the transformation:
(a) G (b) H

## (ii)It is given that the pentagon ABCDE represents a region of area

80 m2 . Calculate the area, in m2, of the region represented by the
By Pang Kong Teck
coloured region.
[9m]

T is a translation
Solution
.
-2
P is a reflection in the straight line x = 1
5

(a)(i)T, (ii) TP
Note: less mark if
P1

(4, 4)

(a) i. (-2, 4)
ii. (-2, 4)

T
P

(3

,2

) P1

(4

,4

9(

,2 ) P2

## (b)(i) JKLMN is the image of ABCDE under combined

transformations HG. Describe in full, the transformation:
(a) G (b) H

HG

G:rotation H:enlargement
By Pang Kong Teck

(b)(i)
G: Rotation 900 clokwise (or 2700
anticlockwise) at centre (0, 2) P3
Note:
Rotation 900 clokwise
P2
(or 2700 anticlockwise)
Rotation at centre (0, 2)
Rotation

P1

P2

15. Statistics

12 marks

## By Pang Kong Teck

Ogive

Cum/ freq

y: cum. freq
x: upper boundary

40

30

20

x
x

zero

Give-cumup

10

x
x
x
20.5 30.5

x
40.5 50.5

## By Pang Kong Teck

Distance (km)

(b)

Frequency polygon

Frequency

y: frequency
x: midpoint

6
x

Poly-fre-mid
x

4
x
x

zero

x
0

x
55.5 65.5 75.5 85.5 95.5
15.5 25.5 35.5 45.5
Distance
By Pang Kong Teck

(km)

Histogram

Frequency

y:frequency
x:class interval

8
Should
have gap
6

His-fre-class

81-90

71-80

61-70

51-60

41-50

31-40

21-30

Distance (km)

## Median and measures of dispersion

from ogive
median - M
lower/first quartile Q1
upper/third quartile Q3
Interquartile range = Q3-Q1

By Pang Kong Teck

12 marks

## By Pang Kong Teck

(a)

Important notes:
Accept:
Drawing only
Without labels/wrong labels
Correct rotation

## By Pang Kong Teck

Less mark:
Bold line
Double line
Crooked line
Non-collinear line /gap
Right angle 900
By Pang Kong Teck

No mark:
Lateral inversions
Draw on graph paper