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Construction Technology & Installation Manual of Asphalt Shingles and Shingles

Construction &installation note of asphalt shingle:


The construction of asphalt shingles is a simple but meticulous work. Please construct in
strict accordance with this specification to ensure the quality of construction.
Any leakage due to improper installation or fail to meet the installation requirements,
Company does not bear any responsibility.
Asphalt shingles cannot be directly paved in the insulation layer.
Shadow generated by chromatic aberration is a design concept of this kind of asphalt shingle,
but not a defect.
There is no need to rip the plastics on the back of the single-layer standard shingle and
on the upside of double-layer standard shingle; the plastic is only used to prevent mutual
bonding between the shingles. However, the plastics on back of the diamond and Goethe series
shingles need to be tore down before paving.
The shingle is provided with self-adhesive, which can be naturally cohered in the sunlight
after pavement. But in cold or hot weather regions or in roofing with abrupt slope, specialized
asphalt mastic is needed during pavement.

20-30mm 8-10 mm1.8-3mm

28-35mm425

Accessories needed:
Shingle nails: 20-30mm length specialized shingle nails, the diameter of shingle nail head should
be between 8 to 10 mm, and the diameter of shingle nail shank should be between 1.8 to 3mm.
Asphalt mastic: use specialized asphalt mastic or that approved by the Company.
Preparation of the roof covering:
1. Cement mortar leveling
Asphalt shingle is a flexible tile, its base course flatness can directly affect tile quality
and appearance after the pavement, so the surface flatness of cement mortar leveling layer should

be strictly controlled, the leveling thickness is between 28 to 35mm, and cement grade should
be no lower than 425#.
2. Construction tools:
Utility knife, hammer, line snapping device, tape measure

6b-1
4
60
Installation and construction of asphalt shingles on froof covering:
1. A proper nail fixing method is critical for the good performance of the roof covering. To
ensure proper nail fixing in the installation, you need to drive in the nail straightly;
in addition, nail and tile should be flush. (See construction drawing 6b-1).
Nailed number depends both on the type of tile and roof slope, for ordinary roof covering, one
tile usually needs four steel nails, but if roofs slope is greater than 60 degrees or in windy
areas, extra nails and glues are needed.

167mm
5-10mm 50.8 mm 25.4mm
2 4

2. The initial layer of asphalt shingle


The initial layer of asphalt shingle is cut from itself, after removing its outer appearance,
the remaining part we referred to as lap part, which is the initial layer we needed (we can
also use cornice tile cut by factory), the initial layer is paved directly along the bottom
of the roofs slope, it protects the roof by filling the first asphalt shingles layer lacune
that below decorative sewing and the seam crossing between the first layer shingles. The initial
layer is paved on the roofing, the side with assembly glue facing up. The first asphalt shingle
should remove 167mm, then pave downward using entire asphalt shingle, 5-10mm should be extended
along the wall side and cornice initial layer, two nails are respectively nailed at 50.8 mm
from the bottom edge and 25.4mm from side edge of both sides, then drive another two nails
symmetrically along the horizontal direction between the two nails, usually one entire tile
needs to be fixed with four nails. Please note that the nails cannot pierce the self-adhesive
layer; and only in this layer, asphalt shingles are paved on the self-adhesive layer.
Note: Asphalt mastic should not be applied under each initial layer of asphalt shingles.

3. The first layer of asphalt shingle installation process: see construction drawings.
The first layer of asphalt shingles
Pave the asphalt shingles in order, along the gable wall side and cornice to ensure that the
first layer and the initial layer of asphalt shingles edge are aligned, asphalt shingle should
be connected together closely, but extrusion cant be produced between them, fix the asphalt
shingles in accordance with the above-mentioned method. The laying of the first layer is the
most critical, in the process of pavement, you should check if asphalt shingles align at snapping
horizontal line, so as to ensure that this layer was paved straightly. The snapping straight
line that aligns with the first layer of asphalt shingles side is used to ensure alignment of
decorative sewing.

The second layer of asphalt shingles


The side of the first asphalt shingle on second layer should stagger half blade from the side
of above layer asphalt shingles. Then pave the entire piece of asphalt shingle downward, the
bottom edge of the second layer of asphalt shingles should be flush with the top of decorative
lacune of the first layer asphalt shingles, which would make previously paved asphalt shingles
exposed, use the snapping horizontal line to make asphalt shingles bottom edge parallel to
the cornice, and firmly fix asphalt shingles with nails.

The third layer of asphalt shingles and the continuing layer


The first asphalt shingle on third layer should cut off the entire blade, and make it stagger
from the first asphalt shingle at second layer, in addition, the bottom edge of the asphalt
shingles should be flush with the decorative lacune of asphalt shingle on second layer. Then
use the entire piece of asphalt shingles for pavement.

75mm

300mm

4. Internal corner
Asphalt shingles on intersecting roof can be paved toward the gutter direction on the second
roofing, or each reversed side be instructed separately, all asphalt shingles are required to

pave at 75mm of the gutter centerline, after paving the asphalt shingle on second roofing,start
the asphalt shingles on gutter. Regardless of the manner, you need to pave upward the first
layer of asphalt shingles along the edge of one roofing, so that the last piece of asphalt shingle
on this layer can extend to the adjacent roof at least 300 mm, and then pave the first layer
of asphalt shingles along the eaves of adjacent roofing, to make it extend to the gutter and
tap on the previously proved asphalt shingles, then make them connect together with each other
as the pictures shown, press the asphalt shingles tight in gutter, and fix them with the gutter
fixing and closing method.

5: Ridge tile
The ridge tile is cut from a single-layer tile by cutting along notch.

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