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The diagram below shows the process by which bricks are manufactured

for the building industry.


Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features,
and make comparisons where relevant.
Write at least 150 words.
Brick manufacturing

model answer:
The process by which bricks are manufactured for the building industry can be outlined in seven
consecutive steps.
First the raw material, clay, which was just below the surface of soil in certain clay-rich areas
has to be dug up by a digger.
Then the lumps of clay are placed on a metal grid in order to break up the big chunks of clay
into much smaller areas, which fall through the metal grid onto a roller, whose motion further

segregates the bits of clay. Sand and water are added to make a homogenous mixture, which is
then either formed in moulds or cut into brick-shaped pieces by means of a wire cutter.
Those fresh bricks are then kept in a drying oven for at least 24 and a maximum of 48 hours,
several dozen if not hundreds of bricks at a time. The dried bricks are then transferred to a socalled kiln, another type of high temperature oven. First they are kept at a moderate
temperature of 200C 1300C. This process is followed by cooling down the finished bricks for
48 to 72 hours in a cooling chamber.
Once the bricks have cooled down and have become hard, they get packaged and delivered to
their final destination, be it a building site or storage.
(217 words)
Band 9
This response fully satisfies the requirements of the task. All key features of each stage of the
process are appropriately and accurately presented. An excellent overview is given at the
beginning of the response and this skilfully incorporates part of the rubric, changing the
grammatical function, to give a brief summary of the whole process. The message is very easy
to read with seamless cohesion that attracts no attention. Paragraphing, linking and referencing
are all skilfully managed. The language used is very fluent and sophisticated. A wide range of
vocabulary and structures are used with full flexibility and accuracy. Only rare minor
slips can be found and these do not detract from the high rating.
This script is a good example of a Band 9 performance.

IELTS Writing Task 1: pie charts about water use


Water usage seems to be a common topic in writing task 1. Have a look at the following
pie chart question:
The pie charts below compare water usage in San Diego, California and the rest
of the world.
mm

Source: www.wrsc.org

Posted by Simon in IELTS Writing Task 1 | Permalink


Comments

You can follow this conversation by subscribing to the comment feed for this post.
The diagram gives information about the proportions of water used in three sectors
among three areas of the world.
Overall, it is clear that water is primarily used for residential purposes in San Diego and
California, while the agriculture sector consumes the lowest amount of water. However,
the global trend is completely reversed. It is also noticeable that water consumption is
relatively similar in different usage in California.
Domestic water use accounts for the largest amount in San Diego and California, at
60% and 39% respectively. By contrast, only 8% of water is used for the same purpose
in other parts of the world, which is the lowest figure in the chart.
While people living outside San Diego and California utilise 69% of water for agriculture,
the highest figure in the graph as a whole, people in the former two areas consume the
lowest amount of water in farmland, at 17% and 28% respectively. The figures for
industrial consumption are the same in San Diego and the rest of the world, with 23% of
water being used.
(177 words)
I've got a question here. Shall we use past tense for the verb like 'utilise' and 'consume'
or present tense?
Posted by: James Z. | Thursday, April 28, 2016 at 10:04

the agricultural sector


Sorry about the mistake.
Posted by: James Z. | Thursday, April 28, 2016 at 10:07

hi simon sir,
my intro.
The three piecharts illustrate the percentage of water used in three different part of the
world for three various (residential,industry and agricultury)sectors.
Is it ok simon?
Posted by: Mahmad belim | Thursday, April 28, 2016 at 12:34

The pie charts show information about water usage in San Diego, California , and the
other countries in term of residential, Industry , and Agriculture.
It true that the water usage of San Diego and California were highest in Residential , but
the rest of the world had by far the highest amount of water in Agriculture.
As can be seen, 60 % of the total in San Diego was Residential usage , and this amount
was over three times higher than Agriculture usage. By contrast, the amount of water
usage in three dimensions in California seems to be equally distribute ,at around 36 %.
The amount of water in worldwide had by far the highest amount of water usage in
Agriculture at 69 %, and the figure for Industry and residential were at 23 % and 8 %,
respectively.
Thanks Simon for your lesson today, I still need to keep practising
Posted by: YEAN | Thursday, April 28, 2016 at 14:07

The pai chat shows the water usage of three aspects in livelihood:namely
resident,industry,among agriculture,among developing area,metropolitan,and the other
parts of the world.
There are similar numbers of 28 per cent for manufacture usage in San Diego County
and the rest of the world,in California,while industry usage tend to be slight higher by 10
percent.on the other hand, Whereas the vast majority of inhabitant water is utalized in
San Diego County,in the rest of the world, only a small minority of people consume this
type.In terms of agriculture, the wordwide makes a larger proption of 69 per cent than in
San Diego town an California,account for 17 per cent and 28 per cent respectively.
To sum up ,It is clear that water usage in developed city are relatively equal or evenly.
However, there is an significant distribution of usage between developing area and the
rest of the world.
Thank you very much,Simon!
your website is really helpful to me.
Could you help me evaluate this essay.Thanks
Posted by: Cathy Cheung | Thursday, April 28, 2016 at 15:00

Hi Simon,
Would you tell us how you would group and compare these data into two paragraphs?
Residential usage comparison of three in the first, and agricultural consumption
comparison of the three in the second paragraph, maybe? And where would you put the
data on ndustrial consumption? Or would you simply leave that out?

Posted by: Burak K. | Thursday, April 28, 2016 at 15:19

I'll carry on with this question in next Thursday's lesson.


Posted by: Simon | Friday, April 29, 2016 at 01:38

well Simon, this is a ielts test that I have take last month. Seriously.
Posted by: David | Friday, April 29, 2016 at 01:42

The pie chart gives information about water consumptions in terms of residential,
industrial, and farmland irrigation among the two areas and global trend.
The diagram compares with two areas and worldwide by water consumptions in terms
of residential, industrial, and farmland irrigation
Posted by: sun | Friday, April 29, 2016 at 03:53

The pie charts illustrate comparison between water consumption in San Diego,
California, and the whole world in term of household needs, manufacturing, and
farming.
It is noticeable that 69% water globally is being used in farming, although it is only 17%
in San Diego and 28% in California. In contrast, 60% and 39% of water are used for
household needs in San Diego and California respectively. Interestingly, in global scale,
people allocate only 8% of their water for the same purpose, the lowest proportion in
various distributions.
It is also can be seen that percentage of water usage in industrial need in California is
33%, which is higher than in San Diego and global usage with 23% by the two.
All in all, most of global water is being used in agricultural sector, while in San Diego
and California people are use most of their water to fulfill household needs.
(151 words; have no idea to expand more sentences)
Posted by: jfr | Friday, April 29, 2016 at 05:21

The pie charts show the percentage of water usage in San Diego, California and the
rest of the world.
It is clear that in both San Diego County and California, the amount of water are used
primarily for residential purposes. On the other hand, most water usage in the world are
for agricultural purposes.
Looking at the information in more detail, we can see that the percentage of water
quantity for residential purposes in San Diego County and California are 60% and 39 %,
respectively. By contrast, only 8% of water in the world is used for daily life.
The other water purposes are for industry and agriculture. Manufacture in California
need 28% of water, compared to 23 % in San Diego County and most of country in the

word. The percentage of water usage for agriculture in San Diego County is the lowest,
its only 17 %, compared to 28 % of the similar usage in California. By contrast, the
percentage of water usage for agriculture in the world is the highest, its about 69%.
Posted by: wiwik | Friday, April 29, 2016 at 05:52

Dear sir,
Im gonna take IELTS test within a month. I need your help and I have no other choice
than you. Im from Nepal and I dont have any card neither account to get your book. Its
almost a herculean task to get your e-book by here however I attempted so many time
to get but I couldnt. So please tell me whats the difference between your IELTS-simon
blog and the book you provide?? I follow your all blogs that has been running since
2009. Is it necessary to get your ebook or its just enough to follow your all blogs to
notch up good marks. I dont have good English proficiency as well and I hope you
understand what I have written. Please help
Posted by: niraj | Friday, April 29, 2016 at 07:24

The pie charts compare water consumption in two given countries and other parts of the
world over three categories.
Overall, it is clear that water usage for residential purposes has made up the highest
proportion in San Diego and California while it has lowest percentage in agricultural
sector. By contrast, water consumption has the highest proportion for agricultural
purposes in other countries of the world.
According to the charts, water usage for domestic purposes has higher percentage in
San Diego and California respectively 60% and 39% ,while it is 8% in the rest of the
world. Moreover, water usage for industrial reasons is same in San Diego and the other
countries, at 23%, as well as it is 33% in California. The proportion of water usage for
agricultural need is 69% in the worldwide while it is less being consumed for this
purpose in San Diego and California correspondingly 17% and 28 %.
155 words
Posted by: Murad | Friday, April 29, 2016 at 08:20

Dear Simon,
Just want to notice about the use of "usage".
when do we use "usage" and "use" as nouns.
Thank you
Posted by: Choirul | Friday, April 29, 2016 at 08:49

The pie chart compares the proportion of waste used three sectors in San Diego,
California, and throughout the world.

Overall, agriculture consumes the greatest amount of water worldwide, domestic water
usage accounts for the largest proportion of the total in California and San Diego. The
figure for global residential water usage is the greatest in the chart, but the lowest figure
can be seen in the agriculture water use in the rest of the world.
The water used in agriculture is made up 69% of the global water usage, but it only
accounts for 28% and 17% of the total water usage in California and San Diego, the
lowest figures compared with other two sectors.
In contrast, California and San Diego saw the greatest percentage of water used in
households, at 39% and 60% respectively, but the residential water use in other parts of
the world is lowest in chart, at 8%. The proportions of water consumed in industry dont
vary much among California, San Diego and the rest of the world, with 23% in San
Diego, 33% in industry and 23% in other parts of the world.
Posted by: Keddie Z. | Friday, April 29, 2016 at 16:16

The pie chart compares the proportion of water used three sectors in San Diego,
California, and throughout the world.
the first paragraph, sorry for the typo
Posted by: Keddie Z. | Friday, April 29, 2016 at 16:17

The three pie charts compare the percentage of using water in two particular countries
and the rest of the world in terms of three main sectors.
Overall, the propotions of water usage in both San Diego and California are also the
largest figures for usinng by resident. Whereas, worldwide use water for agricultural
sector the most.
60% and 39% are the resident water percentages in San Diego and in California
respectively.By contrast, that figure in other countries average only 8%.
The rest of the world use more water for agriculture than other sector, at 69%.While
these figues in both particular countries just account for the smallest part, 17% in San
Diego country and 28% in California. The amount of Industrial water usage in California
account for 33% of the total country's water comsuming, is higher than those in San
Diego and other countries over the world, by 10%
Posted by: Kimkkmonkey | Friday, April 29, 2016 at 16:53

The three given pie charts reveal the comparison of water consumption between San
Diego, California and other areas in the world. Overall, It can be seen that the water is
used for residential which is the majority in two areas belong to the USA, but this is only
the minority of the other areas.
The largest mount of water use in San Diego and California is residential purposes at 60
per cent and 39 per cent respectively, in contrast to the same purpose is very
insignificant figure in other places in the world which accounts for just 8 per cent.
It is interestingly that the farmers in the world use over two thirds of the worldwide water
at 69 per cent, meanwhile this is the smallest number in two areas belong to the USA

which are presented in San Diego at 17 per cent and California at 28 per cent.
There is an equal number in the industrial usage of water at 23 per cent in two places
San Diego and Worldwide, the figure for this purpose in California is higher than two
mentioned areas by 10 per cent. (35 words)
(188 words)
Posted by: Billy Dao | Friday, April 29, 2016 at 18:22

The pie charts give the information about the proportion of water consumption in
selected cities namely San Diego County and California and other parts of the world
according to three different purposes including residential, industrial and Agricultural.
Overall, while San Diego County and California use the highest amount of water for
residential purpose, the opposite is true of the rest areas of the world. Meanwhile,
Agricultural water used world-wide accounts for the highest percentage, which nearly
doubles the one in the former cities.
To specify, the usage of residential water in San Diego County makes up 60%, followed
by industrial and agricultural usage with 23% and 17%, respectively. By comparison,
although the amount of water used for residential purpose gain its popularities in
California, the figure was less nearly two times (39%) than the one in San Diego
County. Besides, People in California use 33% of industrial water surpassing the
amount of water used in San Diego County by 10%.
By contrast, the amount of water used for agricultural area hold 69% in other parts of
the world, being higher about 8 times than the one used for households. It is noticeable
that only in San Diego County and the remaining parts of the world is the same
percentage seen with 23%
Posted by: thaobubby | Friday, April 29, 2016 at 18:48

Hello Simon, this is my writing task 1 essay, hope you have a quick look.
The pie charts show the discrepancy in water utilization between San Diego, California
and other parts of the world. Overall, the highest amount of water was distributed to the
residential area in both states from the US while it was reported that agriculture was the
highest consumption in the world.
It is clearly seen that in San Diego, three-fifths from the county water resources was
utilized for the residential purpose, which was more than by 20% to that in California.
Water usage in industry and agriculture in the county,on the other hand, were divided
fairly into comparable amounts with 23% and 17% respectively. Of note, California saw
no substantial difference in water distribution between three sections when each utilized
nearly one-third from the total amount of water used in the region. In other parts of the
world, the amount of water utilized by the residential area was more than doubled,
comprising the using rate of up to 69% as compared to 23% from industry and only 8%
from the residential use in total.
(173 words)
Posted by: trangp | Saturday, April 30, 2016 at 17:58

The charts give information about the water usage for three different sectors, in two
states and the rest of the world.
Overall, it can be seen that in two regions, namely San Diego County, and California the
majority of the water is used for residential purpose. On the contrary, the rest of the
world uses water mainly for agriculture related activities.
69% consumption of total rest other world water usage is made up by Agriculture, while
San Diego and California use 17% and 28% water for agriculture respectively. Sixth of
total water in San Diego, and around fourth of water in California is utilised for
households, whereas just 8% of water is used in rest other world for residential
purposes. Industrial sector accounts same amount of water consumption in both San
Diego and Worldwide, at 23%, while third of the total water usage in California is used in
Industrial sector.
(150 words)
Posted by: Manthan | Sunday, May 01, 2016 at 03:59

The pie charts point out usage of water in two different cities namely San Diego county
and California, in addition Worldwide.
Posted by: Charles | Sunday, May 01, 2016 at 08:12

The pie charts point out usage of water in two different cities namely San Diego County
and California, in addition, Worldwide.
Overall, These two cities use a lot of water in residential respectively 60% and 39%;
However, According to the charts, it is clear that Worldwide spent much water in
agriculture.
San Diego use a lot of water at 60% in the resident, the second rank is in Industry
roughly 23% and agriculture is the lowest section at 17%. The water of usage is
average dispersed into three parts. Residential is the most highly at 39% the second
one is Industry at 33% and the last part of the agriculture about 28% in California.
Otherwise, the usage of water in Worldwide that it is different from the other two cities.
We use a lot of water in agriculture rather than residential and water usage in Industry
at 23%; However, we just use 8% water in residential.
Posted by: Charles | Sunday, May 01, 2016 at 09:48

The pie charts illustrate the usage of water in 3 main areas: for residential, industrial
and agriculture in San Diego, California and Worldwide.
It is clear that, in county of San Diego and California, water is mostly used in residential
located areas. However, for the whole nationwide, water is most useful in Agriculture.
In terms of usage of water in residential states, 60% of people are using water in San
Diego County as compared to California with less than a half percent (39%). Only a
small percentage (8%) of water are used worldwide in a home setting.

In comparison, 33% are utilizing water for industrial purposes in California. Whereas,
both stood to less than a quarter at 23% for water usage in San Diego and the rest of
the world.
However, 69% of water are utilized for farming for the whole world. While water are
being used mainly in agricultural purposes in San Diego and California at 28% and 17%
respectively.
Posted by: Aileen | Sunday, May 01, 2016 at 12:12

Hello everyone,
Is it ok to use these terms in the task?
- the three "fields" of water consuption
- the "counterpart" figure for California
I particularly doubt the second one. Would anyone help? Do they sound weird to the
native spekaers?
Posted by: Burak K. | Monday, May 02, 2016 at 14:47

The three pie charts illustrates water usage for three different areas namely Residential,
Industrial, Agricultural in San Diego, California and rest of the world.
Overall, In San Diego and California, the most significant use of water is for Residential
Purpose whereas they consume less amount of water for Agricultural use which is
inverse of water utilized by worldwide. There is a similar trends of water utilized in San
Diego and California.
Residential usage of water is accounted 60% and 39% in San Diego, California area
which is significantly high in comparison of agricultural purpose of both areas. In
California, they used 33%of water for industrial use where as 29% of water is consumed
in San Diego for same purpose.
Throughout the world, major use of water is for agricultural purpose and least amount of
water for residential use which is 69% and 8% respectively. And, considerable Amount
of water is used for industrial activities which is 23%.
(157 Words)
Posted by: Abhishek | Wednesday, May 04, 2016 at 15:10

Pls help me check it


the 3 given charts illustrate the data on the use of water in sandiego, califonia and the
other contries
Overall, water is used for 3 different types: residential, industry and agriculture.
Moreover, while water for citizen accounts for the highest percentage in sandiago and
cali, people in the remaining contries use it for agriculture.
The percentage of used water in sandiago is nearly tiwce as large as that of cali. at 60%
and 39% respectively, whereas it is exactly 8% for resident in the other countries. the
ratio for industry in both sandiago and the countries in the wold are similar, at 23%, and
it 's slightly lower than that of cali, at 33%.

For agriculture, the percentage of water used for agriculture in worlwide is highest, at
69%, higher than that of sandiago and cali, at 17% and 28% in turn.
Posted by: Liam | Wednesday, May 04, 2016 at 16:44

he essay questions have been divided into common IELTS writing topics.
This way you can easily see and understand the kind of areas of knowledge you will
need to know about in order to help you do well in the test.
Some of the IELTS writing questions could of course be in more than one topic area.

Animals
A growing number of people feel that animals should not be exploited by people
and that they should have the same rights as humans, while others argue that
humans must employ animals to satisfy their various needs, including uses for
food and research.
Discuss both views and give your opinion.
View a model answer for this question
______________________________
Blood sports have become a hot topic for debate in recent years. As society
develops it is increasingly seen as an uncivilized activity and cruel to the
helpless animals that are killed. All blood sports should be banned.
Discuss the main arguments for this statement and give your own opinion.
______________________________
Examine the arguments in favour of and against animal experiments, and come
to a conclusion on this issue.
View a model answer for this question
Culture
Government investment in the arts, such as music and theatre, is a waste of
money. Governments must invest this money in public services instead.
To what extent do you agree with this statement?
View a model answer for this question
______________________________
It is inevitable that as technology advances, traditional cultures will be lost. It seems that
we cannot have these two things together.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?


______________________________
There are many types of music in the world today. Why do we need music? Is
the traditional music of a country more important and should it be preserved or is
international music that is heard everywhere nowadays more useful to a society?
______________________________
Many old buildings protected by law are part of a nations history. Some people
think they should be knocked down and replaced by news ones.
How important is it to maintain old buildings?
Should history stand in the way of progress?
View a model answer for this question
Education
Some people believe the aim of university education is to help graduates get
better jobs. Others believe there are much wider benefits of university education
for both individuals and society.
Discuss both views and give your opinion.
View a model answer for this question
______________________________
Education is not a luxury, but a basic human right and as such should be free for
everyone irrespective of personal wealth.
Do you agree or disagree?
______________________________
Some people think that children's free time must include educational activities otherwise
they will waste their time.
What is your opinion?
______________________________
Formal examinations are the only effective way to assess a student's performance.
Continual assessment such as course work and projects is not a satisfactory way to do
this.
To what extent do you agree or disagree with this statement?

Do you need help to write a great essay for IELTS?


If so, check out our best-sellingStep-by-step Guide to Writing a Task 2 Essay

Environment
Developed countries have created many environmental problems in the World,
particularly in their contribution to global warming.
What can be done to reduce the dangers of global warming?
______________________________
In order to solve traffic problems, governments should tax private car owners heavily
and use the money to improve public transportation.
What are the advantages and disadvantages of such a solution?
View a model answer for this question
______________________________
Global warming is one of the most serious issues that the world is facing today.
What are the causes of global warming and what measures can governments
and individuals take to tackle the issue?
View a model answer for this question
______________________________

Logging of the rain forests is a serious problem and it may lead to the extinction of
animal life and human life.
Discuss.
Health
Currently there is a trend towards the use of alternative forms of medicine.
However, at best these methods are ineffective, and at worst they may be
dangerous.
To what extent do you agree with this statement?
View a model answer for this question
______________________________
The percentage of overweight children in western society has increased by
almost 20% in the last ten years.
Discuss the causes and effects of this disturbing trend.
View a model answer for this question
______________________________
Eating a balanced diet is the most important factor for a healthy life.
To what extent do you agree?
______________________________
Do the dangers derived from the use of chemicals in food production and
preservation outweigh the advantages?
View a model answer for this question
______________________________
Many of the medical problems that people are experiencing in today's world are
due to the fact that we have a very sedentary lifestyle.
To what extent to you agree?
______________________________
Stress is now a major problem in many countries around the world.
What are some of the factors in modern society that cause this stress, and how
can we reduce it?
View a model answer for this question
Media
Some of the methods used in advertising are unethical and unacceptable in
todays society.
To what extent do you agree with this view?

View a model answer for this question


______________________________
Are famous people treated unfairly by the media? Should they be given more
privacy, or is the price of their fame an invasion into their private lives?
______________________________
These days, we are seeing an increasing amount of violence on television, and this is
having a negative impact on children's behaviour.
Do you agree or disagree?
Society
Nowadays, families are not as close as in the past and a lot of people have
become used to this.
Explain the reasons for this and discuss any possible effects it may have on
society.
______________________________
Smokers have rights too, so they should be allowed to smoke in public places.
To what extent do you agree or disagree with this statement?
______________________________
Smoking not only harms the smoker, but also those who are nearby. Therefore,
smoking should be banned in public places.
To what extent do you agree or disagree?
View a model answer for this question
______________________________
Some people think that the best way to reduce crime is to give longer prison
sentences. Others, however, believe there are better alternative ways of
reducing crime.
Discuss both views and give your opinion.
View a model answer for this question
______________________________
Levels of youth crime are increasing rapidly in most cities around the world.
What are the reasons for this, and suggest some solutions.
View a model answer for this question
______________________________
There is an increasing trend around the world to have a small family rather than a large
family.
What are some of the advantages and disadvantages of having a small family
rather than a large family?

______________________________
Overpopulation of urban areas has led to numerous problems.
Identify one or two serious ones and suggest ways that governments and
individuals can tackle these problems.
View a model answer for this question
Technology
In the last 20 years there have been significant developments in the field of
information technology (IT), for example the World Wide Web and
communication by email. However, future developments in IT are likely to have
more negative effects than positive.
To what extent do you agree with this view?
View a model answer for this question
______________________________
People use computers when they work or go banking, but some argue that it will
make people isolated and decrease their social skills.
To what extent do you agree with this viewpoint?
______________________________
Some people think that computers are more of a hindrance than a help in today's
society. Others believe that they are such indispensable tools that they would not be
able to live or work without them.
Discuss both opinions and give your opinion.
______________________________
Nowadays many people have access to computers on a wide basis and a large number
of children play computer games.
What are the negative and positive impacts of playing computer games and what
can be done to minimize the bad effects?
View a model answer for this question
______________________________
Do you think that modern technology, such as the internet and computers will ever
replace the book or the written word as the main source of information?
Science
Genetic engineering is an important issue in modern society. Some people think that it
will improve people's lives in many ways. Others feel that it may be a threat to life on
earth.
Discuss both opinions and give your opinion?

______________________________
As people live longer and longer, the idea of cloning human beings in order to
provide spare parts is becoming a reality. The idea horrifies most people, yet it is
no longer mere science fiction.
To what extent do you agree with such a procedure?
Have you any reservations?
View a model answer for this question