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PROGRAM HIKMAH

MODULE 1
Chapter1 : Introduction To Science
Instructions : Write your answers in the space provided
1. a) Name the apparatus shown using the following words.
Test tube
Burette
Pipette
Burette

Measuring cylinder
Round bottomed flask
External calipers
Internal calipers

Bunsen burner
Retort stand
Filter funnel
Spring balance

Conical flask
Stethoscope
Stop watch
Opisometer

Beaker
Gas jar
Thermometer
Lever balance

iii)
ii)

______________
i) ______________

______________

vi) ______________
viii)

v) ______________

vii) _____________

iv) _____________
x)

xi) ______________

______________
xix)

xi)______________

______________

b) Name the apparatus of the function given below.

______________

Apparatus

Functions
To measure the weight of an object
To measure the volume of a liquid
To contain liquids and chemicals
To measure temperature
To collect gases
To measure fixed volume of liquid
To contain chemicals for testing or heating
To hold a test tube
To separate a solid from a liquid with a filter paper
placed in it
To hold apparatus
To support a container being heating
To heat things

c)

Complete the following table on physical quantities and their units.


Physical quantity
Length
Mass
Electric current
Temperature
Time

SI Units

symbol

d) Complete the following steps in a scientific investigation.


Identifying the problem

i) __________________

Collecting data Carrying out the experiment

Planning the experiment

ii) _______________________

iii)__________________________ iv) __________________ Writing a report

e ) Identify the measuring tools according to the given descriptions


Measuring tools

Descriptions
Length of a curved line
Volume of irregular object
Internal or external diameters
Area of irregular-shaped object
Length of a short straight line
Length of a long straight line

2. The diagram below shows measuring tools, X and Y.

X : _________________________
a)

Y : ________________________

Label the measuring tools correctly using following words.


Beam balance

b)

Spring balance

Lever balance

State the function of

c)

i)

X : __________________________________________________________

ii)

Y : __________________________________________________________

State the differences between mass and weight


Mass

DIFFERENCES

Weight

Definitions
Characteristic property
Measurement tools
SI unit
3.

The diagram shows an experiment that was carried out by a student to study the
relationship between the length of a pendulum and the time taken for the pendulum
to make one complete swing.

Length of pendulum

Pendulum bob
One complete swing

The procedures to carry out the experiment are as follows:


1.
A pendulum bob is tied to a string and hung on a retort stand as shown above

2.
3.
4.

The time taken for the pendulum to make 10 complete swings is taken.
The experiment is repeated with different lengths of the pendulum string.
The results are tabulated in Table 1

(a) State the variables involved in the experiment.


i) Fixed variable
ii) Manipulated variable:
iii) Responding variable:
(b) State the hypothesis based on the experiment.
___________________________________________________________________
(c) Table 1 shows the results of the experiment. Calculate the time taken for one
complete swing.

Time taken for one oscillation (s)

Length of the
pendulum (cm)
10
20
30
40
50

Time taken for 10 complete


swings (s)
12.0
14.0
16.0
18.0
20.0
Table 1

2.0

Time taken for 1 complete


swing (s)

(d) Using Table 1, draw a line graph to show the relationship between the length of the
pendulum and the time taken for one complete swing.

1.0

10

20

30 4

40

Length of pendulum (cm)

50

60

(e) What inference can be made based on the experiment?


_________________________________________________________________
(f) From the graph, predict the time taken for the pendulum to make one complete swing
if the length of the pendulum is 60 cm.
___________________________________________________________________
(g) State the relationship between the length of the pendulum and the time of swing.
___________________________________________________________________

ANSWER :
1a)
i) Bunsen burner
ii)
Beaker
iii)
External calipers
iv)
Conical flask
v)
Retort stand
vi)
Spring balance
vii)
Filter funnel
viii)
Burette
ix)
Measuring cylinder
x)
Gas jar
xi)
Test tube
xii)
Round bottomed flask
b)
Apparatus
Spring balance
Measuring cylinder
Conical flask
Thermometer

Functions
To measure the weight of an object
To measure the volume of a liquid
To contain liquids and chemicals
To measure temperature

Gas jar
Pipette
Boiling tube
Test tube holder
Filter funnel
Retort stand
Tripod stand
Bunsen burner

To collect gases
To measure fixed volume of liquid
To contain chemicals for testing or heating
To hold a test tube
To separate a solid from a liquid with a filter paper
placed in it
To hold apparatus
To support a container being heating
To heat things

c)
Physical quantity
Length
Mass
Electric current
Temperature
Time
d) i)
ii)
iii)
iv)
e)

SI Units
meter
Kilogram
Ampere
Kelvin
Second

symbol
M
kg
A
K
s

making a hypothesis
controlling the variables
analyzing and interpreting
making a conclusion

Measuring tools
Thread & meter ruler / opisometer
Eureka Can / Water displacement
Internal or External calipers
Graph paper
Meter ruler
Measuring tape

Descriptions
Length of a curved line
Volume of irregular object
Internal or external diameters
Area of irregular-shaped object
Length of a short straight line
Length of a long straight line

2.
a)

X : Spring balance

b)

i)

X : to measure the weight of an object

ii)

Y : to measure the mass of an object

Y : Beam balance

c)
Mass

DIFFERENCES

Quantity of matter in the object

Definition

mass of an object is constant


(does not change )
Beam balance, lever balance,
butchart balance, electronic bal.
kilogram

Characteristic
Measurement
tools
SI unit

3.
(h)

Weight
The earths gravitational pull on an
object /
Force of gravity that acts on the object
weight of an object changes from
place to place
Newton or compression Spring
balance
Newton

i) Fixed variable

Weight of the pendulum bob

ii) Manipulated variable:

Length of the pendulum bob

iii) Responding variable:

Time taken for 1 complete swing

(i) The shorter/longer length of the pendulum, the shorter/longer the time taken for 1
complete swing
(j)
Length of the
pendulum (cm)
10
20
30
40
50

Time taken for 10 complete


swings (s)
12.0
14.0
16.0
18.0
20.0

Time taken for 1 complete


swing (s)
1.2
1.4
1.6
1.8
2.0

Time taken for one oscillation (s)

(k)

2.0

1.0

e)

The time taken for one swing of the pendulum depends on the length of the
pendulum

10

20

30 7

40

Length of pendulum (cm)

50

60

f)

2.2 seconds

g)

The time taken for 1 complete swing varies directly as the length of the pendulum