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CI/SfB

Et6
September 2012 (Version 2)

Shear Load
Connectors
for the Construction Industry

Other Shear Load Connectors

Lockable Dowels
Ancon Lockable Dowels have been
designed for use at temporary
movement joints in post-tensioned
concrete construction. The Lockable
Dowel allows initial shrinkage of the
concrete to take place and is then
locked in position with epoxy resin.
These dowels eliminate the need for
pour strips and significantly increase
the rate of construction.

Tel: 1300 304 320

MultiJoint System and


Individual Plate Dowels
Ancon MultiJoint is an all-in-one
solution to load transfer, concrete
contraction, armoured edge protection
and formwork. It is designed for use at
joints in ground bearing slabs and is
ideal for factories and distribution
centres. Individual rectangular plate
dowels housed in innovative, high
strength plastic, tapered sleeves are
also available.

www.ancon.com.au

Ancon designs and manufactures high integrity steel products for


the construction industry. Through continuous programmes of
new product development, inward investment and employee
advancement, the company is committed to maintaining the
highest level of customer service within a dynamic and

Reinforced concrete is an important


construction material. It offers strength,
durability and can be formed into a variety of
shapes. Concrete structures are designed with
expansion and contraction joints at appropriate
places to allow movement to take place. The
design of the joint is important for the overall
design to function correctly.
Ancon shear load connectors offer significant
advantages over conventional single dowels.

challenging industry.
Masonry Support Systems

Ancon Solution to Joints


Ancon DSD/Q Shear Connectors

Windposts and Lintels

Building Applications

Civil Engineering Applications

Performance Data

Edge Distance and Spacings

Wall Ties and Restraint Fixings


Channel and Bolt Fixings

Dimensions

Tension and Compression Systems

Reinforcement Details
Dowelled and Keyed Joints

Stainless Steel Fabrications

Ancon ESD/Q, ED and Acoustic Dowels

13

Performance Data

14

Dimensions

15

Edge Distance and Spacings

15

Reinforcement Details

16

Flooring and Formed Sections


Shear Load Connectors
Stainless Steel Reinforcement
Reinforcing Bar Couplers
Reinforcement Continuity Systems

10-11
12

Fire Protection Sleeves

16

Installation Procedure

17

Ancon Lockable Dowels

18

Applications

19

Other Ancon Products

19

Punching Shear Reinforcement


Precast Concrete Accessories

Shear Load Connectors

Ancon Solution to Joints


In most cases conventional dowelled or
corbelled joints can be replaced by joints
incorporating Ancon shear connectors. These
are more effective at transferring load and
allowing movement to take place, easier to fix
on site and a far more cost effective solution.

Conventional Joints
Slip Joint

Ancon Solutions

Slab Corbel

Ancon DSD

Comparison of Performance with


Plain Dowels
400mm
Thick Slab
with Joint
Width of 20mm

One Ancon
DSD130

Six 32mm
Dia Dowel
Bars

2 x 35

6 x 32

1924

4825

202.5

197.5

Dowel
Diameters mm
Area of
Dowels mm2
Design
Capacity kN

1 Ancon DSD 130


Design Capacity 202.5kN

Structural Movement Joint

Double Columns

Ancon DSD

Floor to Wall Connection

6 Dowel Bars 32mm Diameter


Design Capacity 197.5kN

They can be used for movement joints in floor


slabs, suspended slabs, and for replacing
double columns and beams at structural
movement joints. Applications in civil
engineering include joints in bridge parapets,
bridge abutments and diaphragm wall
construction.
4

Tel: 1300 304 320

Corbel Support

www.ancon.com.au

Ancon DSD

End cap
Guide tube

Ancon DSD/Q Connectors


The DSD range of connectors offers significant
advantages over plain dowels. Each connector
is a two-part assembly comprising a sleeve
and a dowel component. Installation is a fast
and accurate process, drilling of either
formwork or concrete is not required. The
sleeve is simply nailed to the formwork
ensuring subsequent alignment with the dowel,
essential for effective movement.

Web plate

Cross dowels

End plate with


nail holes

Dowel bar

They are manufactured from stainless steel to


ensure a high degree of corrosion resistance
with no requirement for additional protection.

DSD
Longitudinal
movement

Free design software is available from Ancon.


For a given application, the design program
will calculate the size and quantity of shear
load connectors required, the edge distance
and spacings at which they should be
installed, and details of the local reinforcement.

Lateral movement
or rotation

Sleeve within
rectangular box
section

Ancon DSD/Q connectors can be provided


with 90 minutes fire protection. Special sleeves,
manufactured from a fire barrier material,
replace the compressible filler at the
connectors position in the joint. This material
foams and expands during a fire to protect the
connector (page 16).
Ancon DSD
The Ancon DSD is the original two-part,
double dowel, shear load connector. The two
dowels are Duplex stainless steel bar. The
dowel component can move longitudinally
within the sleeve to accommodate movement.
The connector is available in ten sizes and has
design capacities from around 20kN to over
950kN. The larger connectors can be used in
joints up to 60mm wide. Larger joints can be
accommodated using special dowels. Please
contact Ancons Technical Department for
further information.

DSDQ
Longitudinal
movement

Ancon DSDQ Shear Connectors allowing


rotation

Ancon DSDQ Shear Connectors allowing


movement in two directions
Ancon DSDQ
Shear Connectors
Slab movement will
be in opposite
directions in this area

Ancon DSDQ
The Ancon DSDQ shear load connector
uses the same dowel component as the
Ancon DSD, but the cylindrical sleeve is
contained within a rectangular box section to
allow lateral movement in addition to the
longitudinal movement. There are nine sizes
which have design capacities from around
30kN to over 950kN.
Plan

Shear Load Connectors

There are many applications for Ancon shear


connectors in all types of construction using
reinforced concrete in both building and civil
engineering contracts.

Building Applications
Ground Floor Slabs
Movement joints are usually required to divide
a reinforced concrete ground slab into bays.
Ancon DSD shear connectors are used to
transfer shear load from slab to slab and to
prevent differential settlement. Where adjoining
bays are different sizes, movement in two
directions will occur, Ancon DSDQ shear
connectors should be used in this situation.

Beam to Wall or Slab Connections


Corbel and half lap joints are a problem to
design and difficult and expensive to
construct. The use of Ancon DSD shear
connectors simplifies design and construction,
producing a better detail.

Victoria Point, Melbourne, VIC

Suspended Floor Slabs


In suspended slabs, connectors should be
placed at points of contraflecture where there
is little or no bending moment and maximum
shear force.
Royal Womens Hospital, Melbourne, VIC

Tel: 1300 304 320

Structural Movement Joints in Frames


A common requirement in framed buildings is
a structural movement joint to isolate one part
of the building from another. Traditional practice
is to provide a line of double columns. The use
of Ancon shear connectors reduces costs,
speeds construction and increases floor area.

www.ancon.com.au

Civil Engineering Applications


Movement Joints in Carriageways
Ancon DSD shear connectors are used in
carriageway joints to transfer high shear loads
caused by traffic loading and for eliminating
differential settlement.

Bridge Abutments
Ancon DSD shear connectors are used
vertically at bridge abutments to fix the bridge
deck to the abutment. In addition to ease of
installation, the use of Ancon DSD shear
connectors allows for the bridge deck to be
jacked up for bearings to be replaced.

Diaphragm Wall/Slab Connections


Connecting road slabs to diaphragm walls can
be a difficult and expensive operation. Forming
recesses, or using post fixed dowels into site
drilled holes presents many problems on site.
Ancon DSD shear connectors provide a cost
effective solution. The sleeve components are
nailed to plywood formwork which is rigidly fixed
to the reinforcement cage. After excavation the
plywood is removed to reveal the faces of the
sleeves. The dowel components can now be
inserted ready to support the slab.

Contiguous Piled Wall/Slab Connections


Similar in application to diaphragm wall
construction, Ancon DSD shear connectors are
used to transfer shear load from slab to pile.

Small diameter
bars welded to
DSD sleeve and
reinforcement

Joints in Parapets
The use of Ancon shear connectors in the
vertical joints in parapets is a simple and cost
effective way of connecting the sections.
The Ancon DSDQ facilitates significant rotation
at the joint without reducing the horizontal
shear capacity.

Shear Load Connectors


DSD/Q Performance Data
FRd Design Capacities (kN) for Various Joint Widths (mm) and Slab Thickness (mm) using 32MPa Concrete
Slab Thickness
(mm)
180

200

220

240

260

280

300
320
340
360
380
400
420
440
450
460
500
550
600
650
700

800
900
1000

Product
Reference
DSD 25
DSD(Q) 30
DSD(Q) 50
DSD(Q) 65
DSD 25
DSD(Q) 30
DSD(Q) 50
DSD(Q) 65
DSD 25
DSD(Q) 30
DSD(Q) 50
DSD(Q) 65
DSD 25
DSD(Q) 30
DSD(Q) 50
DSD(Q) 65
DSD(Q) 75
DSD 25
DSD(Q) 30
DSD(Q) 50
DSD(Q) 65
DSD(Q) 75
DSD 25
DSD(Q) 30
DSD(Q) 50
DSD(Q) 65
DSD(Q) 75
DSD(Q) 65
DSD(Q) 75
DSD(Q) 75
DSD(Q) 100
DSD(Q) 75
DSD(Q) 100
DSD(Q) 100
DSD(Q) 130
DSD(Q) 100
DSD(Q) 130
DSD(Q) 100
DSD(Q) 130
DSD(Q) 100
DSD(Q) 130
DSD(Q) 130
DSD(Q) 150
DSD(Q) 130
DSD(Q) 150
DSD(Q) 150
DSD(Q) 150
DSD(Q) 400
DSD(Q) 450
DSD(Q) 400
DSD(Q) 450
DSD(Q) 150
DSD(Q) 400
DSD(Q) 450
DSD(Q) 150
DSD(Q) 400
DSD(Q) 450
DSD(Q) 400
DSD(Q) 450
DSD(Q) 400
DSD(Q) 450

10
44.7
48.3
49.6
61.8
51.8
55.7
57.0
70.5
59.3
63.6
64.9
72.8
67.3
71.8
73.2
77.8
97.6
69.6
80.5
82.0
86.6
101.0
69.6
89.7
91.1
95.8
107.4
105.5
117.9
128.7
183.0
139.9
188.7
193.5
209.7
207.7
219.2
222.2
234.2
237.0
249.5
265.2
318.2
281.2
349.2
385.0
431.2
499.9
549.8
549.8
584.2
527.4
600.5
636.2
582.7
703.7
741.7
778.7
847.6
778.7
952.1

20
41.8
48.3
49.6
61.8
41.8
55.7
57.0
70.5
41.8
62.4
64.9
72.8
41.8
62.4
73.2
77.8
97.6
41.8
62.4
82.0
86.6
101.0
41.8
62.4
88.9
95.8
107.4
105.5
117.9
128.7
178.7
139.9
184.3
188.9
205.5
202.7
214.8
216.9
229.5
231.4
244.5
259.9
312.8
275.6
343.2
378.3
423.8
492.5
549.8
541.7
584.2
518.3
591.7
636.2
553.0
666.4
741.7
666.4
847.6
666.4
952.1

Joint Widths (mm)


30
40
29.9
23.2
44.6
34.7
49.6
49.4
61.8
61.8
29.9
23.2
44.6
34.7
57.0
49.4
70.5
67.7
29.9
23.2
44.6
34.7
63.5
49.4
72.8
67.7
29.9
23.2
44.6
34.7
63.5
49.4
77.8
67.7
97.6
90.1
29.9
23.2
44.6
34.7
63.5
49.4
86.6
67.7
101.0
90.1
29.9
23.2
44.6
34.7
63.5
49.4
87.1
67.7
107.4
90.1
87.1
67.7
115.9
90.1
115.9
90.1
174.5
161.4
115.9
90.1
180.0
161.4
184.5
161.4
201.4
197.6
198.0
161.4
210.6
206.5
203.9
161.4
225.0
220.7
203.9
161.4
239.8
235.1
254.8
249.5
307.5
302.3
270.2
249.5
337.4
331.8
371.9
359.3
416.6
359.3
485.4
441.8
549.8
549.8
533.8
441.8
584.2
584.2
451.2
359.3
554.1
441.8
636.2
636.2
451.2
359.3
554.1
441.8
741.7
741.7
554.1
441.8
847.6
811.4
554.1
441.8
941.1
811.4

DSD(Q) 400 and DSD(Q) 450 size connectors are not stocked and are available on request.
DSD Design Example
Slab thickness
Joint width
Concrete strength
Characteristic dead load
Characteristic imposed load
Design load

= 400mm
= 30mm
= 32MPa
= 100kN/m
= 120kN/m
= (100 x 1.2) + (120 x 1.5) = 300kN/m

FRd (Design capacity)


DSD100 = 203.9kN
DSD130 = 225.0kN

Maximum centres
= 203.9 / 300 = 0.679m use 600mm
= 225.0 / 300 = 0.750m use 700mm

gG = 1.2*
gQ = 1.5*
Either connector would be acceptable, although
using DSD100s at 600mm centres would be the
most cost-effective solution.

*The partial safety factors of 1.2 ( gG ) and 1.5 ( gQ ) are those recommended in AS 1170 Structural Design Actions.

Tel: 1300 304 320

www.ancon.com.au

50
40.4
55.4
40.4
55.4
40.4
55.4
40.4
55.4
73.8
40.4
55.4
73.8
40.4
55.4
73.8
55.4
73.8
73.8
133.6
73.8
133.6
133.6
193.8
133.6
202.7
133.6
206.5
133.6
206.5
206.5
297.4
206.5
297.4
297.4
297.4
369.3
549.8
369.3
584.2
297.4
369.3
636.2
297.4
369.3
684.7
369.3
684.7
369.3
684.7

60
46.9
114.0
114.0
114.0
176.1
114.0
176.1
114.0
176.1
114.0
176.1
176.1
253.6
176.1
253.6
253.6
253.6
315.0
549.8
315.0
584.2
253.6
315.0
586.9
253.6
315.0
586.9
315.0
586.9
315.0
586.9

Edge Distance and Spacings


For connectors working at or near their
maximum capacity, the minimum spacing
should be 1.5 times the slab thickness. Where
the design load of the connector could be
used in a thinner slab, a spacing of 1.5 times
the thinner slab thickness can be used. The
minimum end distance is always 0.5 times the
spacing.
Example
Slab thickness
Joint width
Concrete strength
Design load per connector
Spacing for max. load
End distance for max. load

min. 0.75 H

min. 1.50 H

DSD100 Design Capacities for 20mm Joints in


32MPa Concrete

= 420mm
= 20mm
= 32MPa
= 170kN
= 420 x 1.5 = 630mm
= 630 x 0.5 = 315mm

Slab Thickness
320mm
340mm
360mm
380mm
400mm
420mm

As a DSD100 can be used in a 320mm slab for a design load per connector of up to 178.7kN,
the spacing can be based on a 320mm slab. Therefore:
Reduced spacing
Reduced end distance

= 320 x 1.5 = 480mm


= 480 x 0.5 = 240mm

Design capacity per metre

= 170 / 0.48 = 354kN/m

Design Capacity
178.7kN
184.3kN
188.9kN
202.7kN
216.9kN
231.4kN

DSD/Q Dimensions
DSD Sleeve

Dowel Component
Dowel bar
diameter

Anchor bar
position

DSDQ Sleeve
Anchor bar
position

Anchor bar
position

Centres
Projection
Dowel length
Ref
DSD
DSDQ
25*
30
50
65
75
100
130
150
400
450

Overall
Length
250
260
280
300
340
400
470
550
660
690

Dowel
Dia
14
16
18
20
22
30
35
42
52
65

Anchor bar
lengths

Sleeve length

Dowel Component
Dowel
Dowel Anchor Bar Anchor Bar
Centres Projection Position
Lengths
40
120
31
50/110
48
120
31
50/110
50
130
31
50/130
65
150
31
50/130
75
150
33
50/150
100
210
34
80/170
105
260
34
80/170
120
270
54
80/210
160
330
70
130/300
180
360
80
130/300

Sleeve
Length
120
120
135
155
155
210
265
275
335
370

Anchor bar
lengths

DSD Sleeve
Anchor Bar Anchor Bar
Position
Lengths
28
50/110
28
50/110
28
50/130
29
50/130
31
50/150
36
80/170
36
80/170
41
80/210
70
130/300
80
130/300

Sleeve length

Sleeve
Length
140
160
175
175
240
290
305
355
400

Anchor bar
length

DSDQ Sleeve
Anchor Bar Anchor Bar
Position
Length
33
70
33
70
33
70
33
120
54
170
59
170
54
170
64
300
89
300

Maximum
lateral
movement

Lateral
Movnt
+/-13
+/-12.5
+/-10.5
+/-10
+/-20.5
+/-18
+/-10.5
+/-13.5
+/-27

Notes: All dimensions are in millimetres (mm). DSD/Q 400 and DSD/Q 450 are specials. *DSD only.

Shear Load Connectors


Reinforcement Details
Local reinforcement is required around each
connector to guarantee that the forces are
transferred between the connectors and the
concrete. Correct detailing in accordance with
appropriate design codes and the
recommendations provided here will ensure
Ancon DSD and DSDQ connectors attain their
full capacity.

Longitudinal
reinforcement
above connectors

The tables show proposals for the type and


spacing of the main reinforcement, together
with details of reinforcement above and below
the connectors.

Longitudinal
reinforcement
above connectors

The U-bars should be evenly spaced each side


of the connector, typically 75-100mm centres,
and within a distance of 0.75 x the depth of
the slab from the centre line of the connector.
For more precise details of the local
reinforcement please refer to Ancons
DSD/DSDQ Shear Connectors design
program, available free of charge.

Longitudinal
reinforcement
below connectors

Main
reinforcement
each side of connector

Main reinforcement each


side of connector
Longitudinal
reinforcement
below connectors

Based on 32MPa concrete, maximum slab depth (see table on page 8)


DSD/DSDQ
Reference
25*
30
50
65
75
100
130
150
400
450

N12
2
2
3
3
4
6
-

Main Reinforcement (No. of U-bars each side)


N16
3
4
4
6
6
9

N20
3
5
5
7

N12
2
2
2
2
2
3
4
-

Longitudinal Reinforcement (No. of bars top and bottom)


N16
2
2
4
5
7

N20
3
3
5

* DSD only
DSD/DSDQ
Reference
25*
30
50
65
75
100
130
150
400
450

* DSD only

Cover
Minimum cover to local reinforcement is to the
recommendations of AS 3600: 2009 (Table
4.10.3.2). Maximum cover is as shown in the
table.
Where a sleeve component is cast into a wall
the thickness of the wall should be at least
50mm more than the length of the sleeve.

Ref
DSD
DSDQ
25*
30
50
65
75
100
130
150
400
450

Max Cover
to Face (mm)
30
30
30
40
50
50
50
50
60
60

Cover

* DSD only

10

Tel: 1300 304 320

www.ancon.com.au

50mm min.

Beam Reinforcement
The main consideration for beams is usually the design reinforcement to carry the shear load.
This is provided in accordance with well established procedures set out in international codes, and
will require shear links local to the Ancon DSD units.
In addition to this reinforcement, particularly in thin beams, reinforcement must be added to
prevent vertical splitting of the concrete. The reinforcement should be located as shown in the
diagrams below.
Width
Cross Sectional
Area of Local
=
Reinforcement

1.2 x Design Load x 103


x 0.87 x fy

Direction
of load

Example: Ancon DSD100 in 350mm wide beam


Actual design load = 200kN
fy of reinforcement = 500MPa
Cross Sectional
Area of Local
=
Reinforcement

1.2 x 200 x 103


x 0.87 x 500

= 176mm2
U bars

75mm max

Use 2 - N12 U-Bars (actual area - 226mm2)

U bars
Closed
ties

U bars and closed ties to be bent in


accordance with AS 3600.

Closed ties
Normal
reinforcement

Normal
reinforcement

For further details of beam reinforcement, or


for specific applications, please contact Ancon
Building Products.

Section A-A

Wall Reinforcement
Reinforcement in walls is designed in the conventional way as though the slab was integral with
the wall. The additional local reinforcement is in the form of a square mesh or loose bar equivalent
to the details as shown below.
Wall Reinforcement

Minimum Width
and Depth

Ref
DSD
DSDQ
25*
30
50
65
75
100
130
150

Bar
Diameter
(mm)
8
8
8
10
12
12
12
12

Maximum
Centres
(mm)
100
100
100
100
150
150
150
175

Minimum
Width/Depth
(mm)
300
300
300
400
450
450
600
700

N12 at 150mm
max.centres

DSD75
Sleeve
component
450
mm
min.

* DSD only

Local Reinforcement
to Connector

450mm min.

Reinforcement for DSD 75s in a Wall

11

Shear Load Connectors


Dowelled Joints

Ancon ESD Shear Connectors

Dowels are used to transfer shear across


construction and movement joints in concrete.
They are usually either cast or drilled into the
concrete. A single row of short thick dowels
provides reasonable shear transfer but suffer
from deformation. This can lead to stress
concentrations, resulting in subsequent
spalling of the concrete.

The ESD range of connectors offers significant


advantages over plain dowels and removes the
need for corbels/keyed joints. Each connector
is a two-part assembly comprising a sleeve
and a dowel component. Installation is a fast
and accurate process, drilling of either
formwork or concrete is not required. The
sleeve is simply nailed to the formwork
ensuring subsequent alignment with the dowel,
essential for effective movement.

Where dowels are used across expansion and


contraction joints, half the length of the bar is
debonded to allow movement to take place.
Dowelled joints either require formwork to be
drilled for the dowels to pass through, or
concrete to be drilled for dowels to be resin
fixed in one side.

Misaligned Dowels Restrict Movement and


can Result in Cracking

Keyed Joints
Keyed joints require complicated formwork to
create the tongue and groove. If the joint is
not formed correctly, differential movement
can take place. Load is transferred through
the locally reduced section of the joint which
can at times result in cracking.

Where dowels are used at movement joints


the dowels will need to be accurately aligned
in both directions to ensure movement can
actually take place, otherwise cracking is likely
to occur.
Single dowels are not very effective when
used across joints wider than 10mm.

Ancon ESD/Q connectors can be provided with


90 minutes fire protection. Special sleeves,
manufactured from a fire barrier material,
replace the compressible filler at the
connectors position in the joint. This material
foams and expands during a fire to protect the
connector (page 16).

Keyed Joints Allow Differential Movement


and can Result in Cracking

Compressible
joint filler

Dowel bar
End cap to
allow dowel
movement

Debonding
sleeve

Misaligned dowels can result in cracking away from the expansion joint

12

Tel: 1300 304 320

www.ancon.com.au

Ancon ESD
The Ancon ESD shear load connector is used
where loads are smaller than those requiring
the DSD, but where alignment is critical. It is
available in four sizes. The dowel component
is Duplex stainless steel bar. The cylindrical
sleeve and flange plate are manufactured from
grade 1.4301 (304).

ESD

Ancon ESDQ
The Ancon ESDQ shear load connector uses
the same dowel as the ESD, but the cylindrical
sleeve is contained within a rectangular box
section to allow lateral movement or rotation in
addition to longitudinal movement. Material
specifications are the same as the ESD.

ESDQ

ESDQ-L Lockable Dowel


The ESDQ-L Lockable Dowel allows initial
movement to take place and then, after a
predetermined time period (generally 90-120
days), is locked with a two-part epoxy resin
poured into the L-shaped void former. See
page 18 for further information and other
products within the range.

ESDQ-L

Ancon ED
The Ancon ED is a low cost dowel connector
for use in floor slabs where alignment is
important but loads are small. The single
dowel shear connector is available in four
sizes. The sleeve component is made from a
durable plastic and features an integral nail
plate. The dowel component is available in
Duplex stainless steel, zinc plated and
carbon steel.
Ancon Staisil Acoustic Dowel
The Ancon Staisil Acoustic Dowel is designed
to transfer shear loads and limit sound
transmission across joints in concrete. The
sleeve has Elastomer sound absorbing
material between two stainless steel tubes and
a nail plate for fixing to formwork. The sound
transmission properties are generally
unaffected by either joint width or service load.
Significant reductions in sound transmission
were recorded when compared with a
standard solid dowel. Tests in the frequency of
100-3150 Hz (DIN 4109) had a 20 dB
reduction and tests across all frequencies had
a 25 dB reduction.

ED

Sound absorbing
material

Staisil Acoustic Dowel

13

Shear Load Connectors


Performance Data
Ancon ESD/Q FRd Design Capacities (kN) for Various Joint Widths (mm) and Slab Thickness (mm) using 32MPa Concrete
Slab Thickness
(mm)
180
200
220

240

260

280

300
350
400

Product
Reference
ESD(Q) 10
ESD(Q) 15
ESD(Q) 10
ESD(Q) 15
ESD(Q) 10
ESD(Q) 15
ESD(Q) 20
ESD(Q) 10
ESD(Q) 15
ESD(Q) 20
ESD(Q) 25
ESD(Q) 10
ESD(Q) 15
ESD(Q) 20
ESD(Q) 25
ESD(Q) 10
ESD(Q) 15
ESD(Q) 20
ESD(Q) 25
ESD(Q) 20
ESD(Q) 25
ESD(Q) 20
ESD(Q) 25
ESD(Q) 25

Joint Widths (mm)


10
29.1
32.6
29.6
36.3
29.6
36.3
53.6
29.6
36.3
62.2
64.4
29.6
36.3
69.9
73.7
29.6
36.3
69.9
75.4
69.9
75.4
69.9
75.4
75.4

20
25.7
31.9
25.7
31.9
25.7
31.9
53.6
25.7
31.9
62.2
64.4
25.7
31.9
63.5
68.0
25.7
31.9
63.5
68.0
63.5
68.0
63.5
68.0
68.0

30
22.4
28.1
22.4
28.1
22.4
28.1
53.6
22.4
28.1
57.8
61.5
22.4
28.1
57.8
61.5
22.4
28.1
57.8
61.5
57.8
61.5
57.8
61.5
61.5

40
19.7
24.9
19.7
24.9
19.7
24.9
52.7
19.7
24.9
52.7
55.7
19.7
24.9
52.7
55.7
19.7
24.9
52.7
55.7
52.7
55.7
52.7
55.7
55.7

Ancon Staisil FRd Design Capacities (kN) for Various Joint Widths (mm) and Slab Thickness (mm) using 32MPa Concrete
Slab Thickness
(mm)
160
180
200
220
240
260

Product
Reference

Staisil

Joint Widths (mm)


10
25.3
30.3
30.3
30.3
30.3
30.3

20
25.3
27.4
27.4
27.4
27.4
27.4

30
24.9
24.9
24.9
24.9
24.9
24.9

40
22.7
22.7
22.7
22.7
22.7
22.7

Ancon ED FRd Design Capacities (kN) for Various Joint Widths (mm) and Slab Thickness (mm) using 32MPa Concrete
Slab Thickness
(mm)
180
180
200
200
220
220
220
240
240
240
240
260
260
260
260
280
280
280
280
300
300
350
350
400

Product
Reference
ED 10
ED 15
ED 10
ED 15
ED 10
ED 15
ED 20
ED 10
ED 15
ED 20
ED 25
ED 10
ED 15
ED 20
ED 25
ED 10
ED 15
ED 20
ED 25
ED 20
ED 25
ED 20
ED 25
ED 25

Note: Values shown are for a carbon steel dowel bar.

14

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www.ancon.com.au

10
14.5
16.3
14.8
18.2
14.8
18.2
26.8
14.8
18.2
31.1
32.2
14.8
18.2
35.0
36.8
14.8
18.2
35.0
37.7
35.0
37.7
35.0
37.7
37.7

20
12.8
15.9
12.8
15.9
12.8
15.9
26.8
12.8
15.9
31.1
32.2
12.8
15.9
31.8
34.0
12.8
15.9
31.8
34.0
31.8
34.0
31.8
34.0
34.0

Joint Widths (mm)


30
11.2
14.1
11.2
14.1
11.2
14.1
26.8
11.2
14.1
28.9
30.7
11.2
14.1
28.9
30.7
11.2
14.1
28.9
30.7
28.9
30.7
28.9
30.7
30.7

40
9.8
12.5
9.8
12.5
9.8
12.5
26.4
9.8
12.5
26.4
27.9
9.8
12.5
26.4
27.9
9.8
12.5
26.4
27.9
26.4
27.9
26.4
27.9
27.9

50
8.7
11.1
8.7
11.1
8.7
11.1
24.1
8.7
11.1
24.1
25.3
8.7
11.1
24.1
25.3
8.7
11.1
24.1
25.3
24.1
25.3
24.1
25.3
25.3

Ancon ESD/Q Dimensions


Dowel Component

ESD Sleeve

ESDQ Sleeve
Maximum lateral
movement

Internal diameter

Internal diameter

Dowel
diameter
Dowel length

Ref
ESD
ESDQ
10 300
15 300
20 300
25 350

Sleeve length

Sleeve length
ESD10/15
ESD20/25
Dowel Component
Dowel
Diameter
20
22
30
35

76
100

ESDQ10/15

76

ESDQ20/25

110

ESD Sleeve

Dowel
Length
300
300
300
350

Internal
Diameter
21
23
31
36

ESDQ Sleeve
Sleeve
Length
175
175
175
200

Internal
Diameter
21
23
31
36

Sleeve
Length
175
175
175
200

Max. Lateral
Movement
+/-10
+/-10
+/-20.5
+/-18

Notes: Example Ref ESD10 300. All dimensions are in millimetres (mm).

Ancon ED Dimensions
The dowel component is available in Duplex
stainless steel, zinc plated and carbon steel.

Dowel Component

ED Sleeve
Dowel
Diameter

Dowel Length

80

Sleeve Length

Dimensions
Ref
ED
10 300
15 300
20 300
25 350

Dowel
Diameter
20
22
30
35

Dowel
Length
300
300
300
350

Sleeve
Length
170
170
170
195

Notes: Example Ref ED10 300. All dimensions are in millimetres (mm).

Ancon Staisil Acoustic


Dowel Dimensions

Dowel Component

Staisil Sleeve

Dowel
diameter

Sleeve
diameter

Dowel length
100
Dowel
Diameter
35

Dowel
Length
400

Sleeve
Diameter
64

Sleeve length

Sleeve
Length
127

Note: All dimensions are in millimetres (mm).

Edge Distance and Spacings


The minimum edge distance and spacing of all
Ancon shear load connectors is determined by
the depth of slab and is illustrated in the
adjacent drawing. For more information please
see page 9.

min. 0.75 H

min. 1.50 H

15

Shear Load Connectors


Reinforcement Details

Longitudinal
reinforcement
above connectors

Local reinforcement is required around each


connector to guarantee that the forces are
transferred between the connectors and the
concrete. Correct detailing in accordance with
appropriate design codes and the
recommendations provided here will ensure
Ancon ESD, ESDQ, ED and Staisil connectors
attain their full capacity.

Longitudinal
reinforcement
below connectors
Main
reinforcement
each side of connector

The tables show the type and spacing of the


main reinforcement, together with details of
reinforcement above and below the
connectors.

Longitudinal
reinforcement
above connectors
Main reinforcement each
side of connector
Longitudinal
reinforcement
below connectors

Based on 32MPa concrete, maximum slab depth (see table on page 14)
ED/ESD/
ESDQ/Staisil
Reference
10
15
20
25
Staisil

Main Reinforcement
(No. of U-bars each side)
N12
2
2
2
3
2

Compressible
Joint Filler

Fire Protection

ED/ESD/
ESDQ/Staisil
Reference
10
15
20
25
Staisil

Longitudinal Reinforcement
(No. of bars top and bottom)
N12
2
2
2
2
2

Fire Protection
Sleeve

Fire Protection
Sleeve

Ancon shear connectors can be provided with


90 minutes fire protection. Special sleeves,
manufactured from a fire barrier material,
replace the compressible filler at the connectors
position in the joint. This material foams and
expands during a fire to protect the connector.
20 or 30mm

Fire protection sleeves are supplied in a


thickness of 20mm to suit 20mm joints and
30mm to suit 30mm joints. Sleeves of both
thicknesses can be used together for larger
joints. The hole or holes in the sleeve are
supplied to suit the connectors dowel
diameter.
How to Order
Connector/Fire Protection Sleeve/Thickness
e.g DSD30/FPS/20

DSD Sleeve

DSDQ Sleeve

Height

ESD Sleeve

ESDQ Sleeve

110mm

110mm

Height

Width

Width

110mm

160mm

Available thicknesses: 20mm, 30mm

Dimensions
Ref DSD
25
30
50
65
75
100
130
150
400
450

16

Tel: 1300 304 320

www.ancon.com.au

Width/Height (mm)
110/150
110/150
110/150
110/165
110/180
110/210
130/245
130/245
150/295
150/325

Ref DSDQ
30
50
65
75
100
130
150
400
450

Width/Height (mm)
120/150
120/150
120/165
130/180
150/210
150/245
150/245
200/295
200/325

Recommendations for the


Installation of Ancon Shear
Load Connectors

The two part design of all Ancon shear


connectors removes the need for drilling
formwork on site, supporting dowel bars and
fitting debonding sleeves and end caps. The
installation is a fast and accurate process.
Direction
of load

Nail the sleeve component of the Ancon Shear


Connector to the shuttering ensuring that the
sleeve is correctly orientated for the direction of
the load. Check that the minimum spacings and
edge distances are not exceeded. The label
prevents debris from entering into the sleeve
aperture and should not be removed.

When the concrete has achieved sufficient


strength, strike the shuttering. Puncture the
label to reveal the holes for the dowels. Where
Q versions are being used, the label should
only be punctured enough to allow the dowel
into the cylindrical sleeve to prevent debris
entering the box section.

Position the compressible joint filler of the


appropriate width for applications where
movement is expected between the two
sections of concrete.

Fix the local reinforcement in position around the dowel component together with any other
reinforcement that is required, ensuring that the correct cover to the reinforcement is maintained.
Pour the concrete to complete the installation of the Ancon shear connector.
Note:(i) Although installation is shown for Ancon DSD, the procedure is the same for all Ancon shear
connectors.
(ii) Where deep concrete pours are proposed, the installation will require further consideration.
More robust fixing of the sleeve and dowel components will be necessary, to avoid
displacement during placing of the concrete.

Fix the local reinforcement in position around


the sleeve component together with any other
reinforcement that is required, ensuring that
the correct cover to the reinforcement is
maintained. Pour the concrete to complete the
installation of the sleeve component.

Push the dowel component through the joint


filler (if applicable) until it is fully located in the
sleeve component. It may be necessary to tap
the dowel component to overcome the dimple
in the sleeve which pinch holds the dowel in
the sleeve and prevents dislocation when the
concrete is vibrated.
The concrete must be able to sustain the load
transferred by the Ancon dowels when the
shuttering is struck. The following table may be
used to estimate the number of days after
which supporting formwork could be removed.
For example, if the self weight of a suspended
slab represents one half of its total design
load, enter the Table with a factor of 0.5. From
this it can be seen that Grade 15 concrete
would attain enough strength in 28 days to
support the self weight of the slab. The
strength/time relationship of Grade 30
concrete will show the number of days needed
to achieve a strength of 15MPa (typically less
than seven). The supporting formwork could
therefore be safely removed after that number
of days. A qualified structural engineer should
advise.
Load Reduction Factors
Concrete Strength MPa

15

20

25

30

Reduction Factor

0.5

0.66

0.83

1.00

17

Shear Load Connectors


Two-part Epoxy Resin
Locking Plate
(notches indicate
minimum resin depth)

Lockable Dowels
Ancon Lockable Dowels are most commonly
used at temporary building joints in posttensioned floors. The dowel allows initial
shrinkage of the concrete to take place and is
then locked in position with an epoxy resin,
inserted from the top of the slab.

Sleeve Component featuring


void former supplied with
label on nailing plate

They are a proven, independently-tested


solution which is both easy to detail and install
on site. The range comprises three products;
ESDQ-L20 and HLDQ-L30 for slab-to-slab
applications, and ESDQ-L20W for slab-to-wall
applications.

Dowel Component

ESDQ-L20
for Slab-to-Slab

More information is in the Ancon Lockable


Dowel brochure.
Two-part Epoxy Resin
Locking Plate
(notches indicate
minimum resin depth)

Locking Plate
(notches indicate
minimum resin depth)

Two-part Epoxy Resin

Sleeve Component
featuring void former
supplied with label on
nailing plate

Sleeve Component
featuring void former
supplied with label on
nailing plate

Dowel Component
Dowel Component
SKS24 Threaded Anchor
supplied with a nailing plate

ESDQ-L20W
for Slab-to-Wall

HLDQ-L30 (High Load)


for Slab-to-Slab

Patent pending

Patent pending

Slab-to-Slab

Additional formwork,
trip hazard and
restricted access
Slabs propped
for several weeks
Pour strip in slab

Slab-to-Wall

Restricted access
Slabs propped
for several weeks
Pour strip at wall-to-slab junction

18

Tel: 1300 304 320

www.ancon.com.au

7
7

Ancon Lockable Dowel

Minimal formwork
Improved site access
Reduced propping time

Improved site access


Reduced propping time
Ancon Lockable Dowel

Applications

Other Ancon Products


Plate Dowel Systems
Ancon MultiJoint is a plate dowel system for
use in ground bearing concrete floor slabs. It is
an all-in-one solution to load transfer, concrete
contraction, armoured edge protection and
formwork. Individual plate dowels are also
available.
Punching Shear Reinforcement
Ancon Shearfix is used within a slab to provide
additional reinforcement from punching shear
around columns. The system consists of
double-headed steel studs welded to flat rails
and is designed to suit the load conditions and
slab depth at each column using free
calculation software from Ancon.

Victoria Point, Melbourne, VIC

Riparian Plaza, Brisbane, QLD

Casino Towers, Brisbane, QLD

Reinforcing Bar Couplers


The use of reinforcing bar couplers can
provide significant advantages over lapped
joints. Design and construction of the concrete
can be simplified and the amount of
reinforcement can be reduced. The Ancon
range includes BT parallel-threaded and MBT
mechanically-bolted couplers.
Reinforcement Continuity Systems
Reinforcement Continuity Systems are an
increasingly popular means of maintaining
continuity of reinforcement at construction joints
in concrete. The Ancon Keybox system
eliminates the need to drill shuttering and can
simplify formwork design, thereby accelerating
the construction process. It is available in both
standard units and special configurations.
Ancon KSN Anchors eliminate the need for
on-site bar straightening and are available to
accept reinforcement of 12mm, 16mm and
20mm diameter. The system is also available
with a re-useable rebate former.
Stainless Steel Reinforcement
Ancon supplies stainless steel plain and ribbed
bar in a variety of grades, including high proof
strength material. Bar diameters range from
6mm to 50mm and can be cut to length, bent
and threaded to suit any application. Stainless
steel BT couplers are also available to suit bars
from 12mm diameter.

Melbourne Cricket Ground, VIC


19

Masonry Support Systems


Windposts and Lintels
Wall Ties and Restraint Fixings
Channel and Bolt Fixings
Tension and Compression Systems
Stainless Steel Fabrications
Flooring and Formed Sections
Shear Load Connectors
Stainless Steel Reinforcement
Reinforcing Bar Couplers
Reinforcement Continuity Systems
Punching Shear Reinforcement
Precast Concrete Accessories

Ancon Building Products


114 Kurrajong Avenue
Mount Druitt
Sydney
NSW 2770
Australia
Tel: 1300 304 320
Fax: +61 (0) 2 9675 3390

Ancon Building Products


7-9 Second Avenue
Sunshine
Melbourne
VIC 3020
Australia
Tel: 1300 304 320
Fax: +61 (0) 3 9311 1777

Ancon Building Products


4/15 Terrace Place
Murarrie
Brisbane
QLD 4172
Australia
Tel: 1300 304 320
Fax: +61 (0) 7 3395 6693

Ancon Building Products


82 Chisholm Crescent
Kewdale
Perth
WA 6105
Australia
Tel: 1300 304 320
Fax: +61 (0) 8 9453 2300

International Enquiries: +61 (0) 2 8808 1111


Email: info@ancon.com.au
Web: www.ancon.com.au
Overseas Offices:
Ancon Building Products
Sheffield
United Kingdom
www.ancon.co.uk

Ancon (Schweiz) AG
Ried bei Kerzers
Switzerland
www.ancon.ch

Ancon Building Products GesmbH


Vienna
Austria
www.ancon.at

Ancon GmbH
Nuremberg
Germany
www.anconbp.de

These products are available from:

Ancon (Middle East) FZE


Dubai
United Arab Emirates
www.ancon.ae

The construction applications and details provided in this literature


are indicative only. In every case, project working details should be
entrusted to appropriately qualified and experienced persons.
Whilst every care has been exercised in the preparation of this
document to ensure that any advice, recommendations or
information is accurate, no liability or responsibility of any kind is
accepted in respect of Ancon Building Products.
With a policy of continuous product development Ancon Building
Products reserves the right to modify product design and
specification without due notice.

Ancon Building Products 2012