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VCE Geography: The Spatial Concepts

Location: Where is a feature found?


Method: SSDD
Site: What is the specific location within the region being studied? Eg, on flat land,
side of a mountain, steep slope, coastline.
Situation: Where is the feature located in relation to its surrounding features? Eg: in
relation to nearby creeks/rivers, mountains, roads, shopping centres?
Distance: What is the distance between features? What is the distance between the
feature you are studying and other significant features? Use metric measurement (cm,
m, km)
Direction: What is the direction of the feature from other features? Eg:
North/South/East/West etc
Distance: How far is it? - This SC is usually linked with Location, Distribution and
Movement
Method: ODDS
Origin: Where the distance is measured from
Destination: Where the distance is measured to
Direction: N/S/E/W, NE, SW etc
Statistics: metres/km/hrs/mins etc
Scale: How big/large is it in relation to other features?
Method: SC
Size: 1)How big is the actual feature you are describing? The actual size, or area
measured in km/m
2) This can also be described as large/small scale, local, regional, national,
international or global scale. Global scale is the largest scale phenomenon you can
have as the whole planet or significant regions of the planet are effected.
Compare: How big is the feature in relation to other features? It may be represented
within the region as a significant feature eg: a wide sandy beach region within a
coastal park.
Region: What are the common/similar features or characteristics of that area?
This refers to a distinct, definable area, with one or more common physical or
human characteristics/features. It is often used with the other spatial concepts
and there is no significant method for its use.
Movement: Where is this coming from and where is it going?
Method: GD 2Qs A
General Statement: Is there a pattern? Describe general movement
Describe: What is the origin? What is the Destination? What is the scale/magnitude of
the movement
2 Qs: Qualify and Quantify: Qualify with names, Quantify with statistics and data
(numbers, units etc). How often does the movement occur?
Anomoly: Are there any exceptions to the pattern? Describe them, even if they are
only small.

Spatial Distribution: How is the feature spread across the surface? Are there any
patterns?
Method: GD 2Qs A
General Statement: Make a general statement about the pattern, look for a shape or
consistency on a small scale or on a regional (resources) or global scale (global
phenomena).
Describe: Is there a pattern to be seen? Look for clusters, groups and describe these.
Which groups are the smallest/largest, highest/lowest value. Use direction.
Eg: There is a distinct U shape pattern to the distribution of ..
On what Scale is it? Eg: There is a distinct regional pattern to the distribution of
. Qualify and Quantify using names, dates, data, kms etc
Anomoly: Is there an exception to the pattern?
Spatial Association: Are there similar patterns occurring here?
This is referring to the similar arrangement of features over the surface area you are
observing. If you look at two different maps and see a similar pattern emerging, then you
have a strong spatial association between those two aspects.
Eg: There is a high spatial association between the football ground of the MCG and football
players on Saturdays. There is a low spatial association between the football ground of the
MCG and spectators, as they are not allowed on the grounds.
Method:
General Statement: Make a general statement about the level of association.
High/med/low strong/moderate/weak
Describe: Explain the association to be seen. Qualify and Quantify using
data/numbers/levels/names/places/direction etc to describe why you believe the level
of association is as such.
Anomoly: Is there an exception to the pattern? Explain
Spatial Interaction: What exchanges are taking place and where are they taking place?
Interactions are exchanges of many different types that occur between humans and other
humans and between humans and their environments. Spatial Interaction also involves
movement from A to B.
Eg: Writing a letter to a family member or friend is a spatial interaction. The exchange is the
letter and the information in it. The movement is the letter being sent from your house to
theirs.
Method:
General Statement: Make a general statement about the interaction that can be seen.
Between what/who?
Describe: Explain the interaction to be seen. Qualify and Quantify using
data/numbers/levels/names/places/direction etc to describe that interaction, and
explain how movement is involved.
Anomoly: Is there an exception to the pattern? Explain.

Spatial Change Over Time: How has the pattern changed over the time period
presented?
Sp. COT can include:
Changes in features: Eg: the increase of trees being planted in the local park
over a 2 year period.
Changes in distribution patterns: Before the development of Spencer St
Station, people simply arrived and departed from the platforms within the
station. This has changed now, as the region is a destination shopping
precinct, as well as a station, and therefore people stay there much longer to
shop/eat/socialise.
Change in frequency/scale of use: More people visit the beach during the
summer/hot months than they do during the winter/cold months. Therefore
the scale of use changes over time.