Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 6

1

TEM Horn Antennas with Enhanced


Functionalities through the use of Frequency
Selective Surfaces

C8

Peyman Mahouti, Filiz Gne, Mehmet Ali BELEN, Zafar Sharipov, Salih Demirel

Abstract In this paper, an integrated module with filtering


and radiation performance realized by fixing the identical
Frequency Selective Surface (FSS)s into the aperture of the TEM
horn antenna. The TEM horn antenna is a traditionally available,
exponentially tapered antenna operating between 5.5- 9GHz and a
FSS is simply built by the properly designed periodic double
anchor shaped microstrip patches on the low-cost FR4 with the
relative permittivity 4.4, thickness 1.58mm and loss tangent
0.0035. The module has narrow Beam Width (BW), high Gain and
Side Lobe Suppression (SLL) along 5-7GHz bandwidth, so it is
called filtenna. The filtenna is fully simulated by FiniteIntegration- based code (CST Microwave Studio). Thus a simple
and economic solution is presented to gain anti-interference
capability tocommunication systems and reduce Radar Cross
Section (RCS) of the antennas.

Index TermsTEM Horn Antenna, Frequency Selective


Surface, Two- Port Scattering Parameters, Beam Width, Gain,
Side Lobe Suppression.

I. INTRODUCTION
In today, multifunction modules, especially for filtering and
radiation performance integrated modules, so-called as
Filtering Antennas or shortly Filtennas, have been paid
more attention. In a communication system with sensitive
receiver, a band pass RF filter is necessary at front-end to
discriminate the desired signal at operating frequency band
from extraneous signals at out-band. In many times the
extraneous signals may be exceptionally strong compared to the
desired in-band signals, which make required front-end RF
filter performance be more rigorous. A feasible solution for this
problem is integrating the antenna and band-pass filter in a
single module, in which a pre-filtering process is carried out
when signal is received by antennas. This multifunction
integration makes entire system be more compact and the
system performance is improved by pre-filtering process. Some
researchers have paid efforts to realize filter and antenna dual
functions integration. A type of antenna with filtering function
P. Mahouti, Electronic and Communication Engineering Department, Yldz
Technical University, stanbul/ TURKEY (pmahouti@gmail.com).
F. Gne, Electronic and Communication Engineering Department, Yldz
Technical University, stanbul/ TURKEY (gunes@yildiz.edu.tr).
M. A. Belen, Electronic and Communication Engineering Department,
Yldz
Technical
University,
stanbul/
TURKEY
(mehmetalibelen@hotmil.com).

has been designed by mounting metal post in electromagnetic


horn [1]. The filtering antenna realized by leaky waveguide has
been proposed in [2]. Integration of filters and microstrip patch
antennas in single layer or multilayer substrate has been studied
in [3][5].
Frequency Selective Surface (FSS)s are planar periodic
structures in either a one or two dimensional on a dielectric
substrate. Because of their frequency selective properties, FSS
can be used in many different applications like: realization of
reflector antennas, Radom design, making polarizers and beam
splitters, and as radar absorbing structure. Especially it should be
noted that FSSs are very important and widely used for antennas
and radars radar cross section (RCS)s reduction in modern
military platforms such as ships, aircrafts and missiles.
Communication systems in these platforms are always enclosed
with FSSs. Since electronic devices can be destroyed by strong
Electromagnetic Interference (EMI), the anti-interference
capability of communication systems in these platforms is
urgently required. Thus these make it required to design antenna
and FSS as an integrated module. However very few papers can
be found about integrated design of antenna and FSS. Structural
integration antenna and FSS firstly reported in [6], but where FSS
was used to enhance antenna radiation efficiency for its high
impedance characteristic like as artificial magnetic conductor.
Multilayer FSS combined with open-end waveguide radiators
array have been presented in [7][9], in which only filtering
performance of the integrated module has been analyzed with
multimode equivalent network method.
In this work firstly, a traditionally available, exponentially
tapered TEM horn antenna with the bandwidth of 5.59 GHz
(Fig.1) is considered and fully analyzed using the finiteintegration based code - CST Microwave Studio-. Its S11
characteristic is given in Fig. 2 and the radiation patterns are
shown as compared with the filtennas in the Figs7 and 8. Then
in the second stage, a suitable microstrip patch geometry is
searched for as a FSS unit element to be worked out in a wide
bandwidth within the bandwidth of the TEM horn antenna. In
the third stage, the two filtenna configurations are proposed
named as Model I and Model II working between 5-7 GHz
fixing 3 FSSs into the aperture of the TEM horn. Here a FSS
Z. Sharipov, Electronic and Communication Engineering Department,
Yldz Technical University, stanbul/ TURKEY (thefar91@gmail.com).
S. Demirel, Electronic and Communication Engineering Department, Yldz
Technical University, stanbul/ TURKEY (salihd@yildiz.edu.tr).

2
consists of the properly designed periodic FSS unit cells on the
low-cost FR4 with the relative permittivity 4.4, thickness
1.58mm and loss tangent 0.0035. Radiation performances of
the Model I and Model II are analyzed and simulated using CST
Microwave Studio and interestingly Model I built up from only
the three identical FSSs with each consisting of only two rows
of each containing just the two FSS units, results in a successful
filtenna design with the enhanced Gain, Beam width (BW) and
Side- Lobe Suppression (SLL).
The paper is organized as follows: The next section gives the
features of the TEM horn antenna; design of the FSS s are
explained in the second section; third section is devoted design
and analyses of filtennas and finally the conclusions take place.
II. CO DESIGN OF FSS AND TEM HORN ANTENNA
A. TEM Horn Antenna
In this work, firstly, a traditionally available, exponentially
tapered TEM horn antenna with the bandwidth 5.5 GHz 9
GHz is considered, whose geometrical parameters are given in
the table I. The horn antenna is assumed to be made of perfect
electric conductor at 1mm thickness and length is equal to
70mm.
The separation between the parallel plates is
determined by the exponential function of the position z i, thus
it is given by:
(1)
d ( zi ) d0 exp( zi ),

d ( z 0) 1.6mm, d ( z

70mm) 80mm 55.71 / m

This TEM horn antenna is analyzed using the CST microwave


Studio and its resulted S11 characteristic is given in Fig. 2,
besides the radiation performance will be given in the next
sections as compared with the filtennas designed by inserting
FSSs into its aperture.
Then it is aimed at constructing afiltenna by placing the
properly designed FSSs into the aperture of the TEM horn.

Fig.2 Simulated of S11 characteristic of the TEM Horn Antenna.

B. The FSS Unit Element: The Double Anchor ShapeMicrostrip Patch


Scattering Parameters of the microstrip patches in the various
geometries on the low-cost FR4 with the relative permittivity
4.4, thickness 1.58mm and loss tangent 0.0035 are investigated
as a two-port behavior within the operation bandwidth of the
TEM horn antenna which is 5.5GHz-9GHz and the Double
Anchor shape microstrip patch is found the most suitable FSS
unit element to the TEM horn antenna for building the
filtenna. Fig.3a shows the Double Anchor Shape element and
the simulation set-up in the transmission position and Fig.3b
gives scattering parameters variations with respect to the
frequency. Furthermore Fig. 4a and 4b denote Double Anchor
Shape unit element in the reflection position and scattering
characteristics, respectively. Besides the frequency selective
characteristics of the Double Anchor Shape unit in the rotated
single and couple forms are also investigated and given in Figs.
5, 6, also the geometrical parameters of FSS and Antenna are
given in Table I.
TABLE I
GEOMETRICAL PARAMETERS OF FSS AND TEM HORN ANTENNA
FSS
TEM
Horn

(a)

W (mm)

D (mm)

a (mm)

L (mm)

X (mm)

Y (mm)

Z (mm)

74

73.5

80

20
Gap between FSS
(mm)
10

(b)

Fig. 1 (a) 3- D view of the TEM Horn Antenna; (b) Exponential Structure.
(a)

(b)
Fig. 3 (a)Simulation set up for the FSS Double Anchor Shape unit element in
the transmission position;(b)Simulated Scattering Characteristics of the
Double Anchor Shape unit element in the transmission position.

(d)
Fig. 5 (a), (b) Simulation set up for the rotated unit FSS cell in the transmission
position and its Scattering characteristics; (c),(d) Simulation set up for the
rotated unit FSS cell in the reflection position and its Scattering
Characteristics.

(a)
(a)

(b)
Fig. 4 (a) Simulation set up for the FSS Double Anchor Shape unit element in
the reflection position; (b)Simulated Scattering Characteristics of the Double
Anchor Shape unit element in the reflection position.
(b)

(a)
(c)

(b)

(d)
Fig. 6 The various Double Anchor Shape unit cell couples in the transmission
positions with the scattering characteristics: (a), (b); (c), (d).

III. FILTENNA DESIGNS


The Fig. 7 shows the proposed filtenna designs together with
the comparative reflection coefficient S11 characteristics.
(c)

4
Furthermore the radiation patterns at 5, 6, 7, 8GHz and gainfrequency variations are given in Figs. 8-9 and Table 2.

(a)
(b)

(b)

(c)

(c)
Fig. 7 Filtenna Designs: (a), Model 1; (b) Model 2(c) Comparative S11
characteristics.
(d)
Fig. 8 Comparative Filtennas Radiation Patterns at =900 at 5, 6, 7,8GHz.

(a)

Fig. 9 Gain over Frequency of Antenna Models.

5
A. A. Tamijani, J. Rizk, and G. M. Rebeiz, Integration of filters and
microstrip antennas, in IEEE AP-S Symp. Digest, vol. 2, pp. 874877,
Jun. 2003.
[4] T. L. Nadan, J. P. Coupez, and C. Person, Optimization and
miniaturization of a filter antenna multi-function module using a
composite ceramic-foam substrate, in IEEE MTT-S Symp. Digest, vol.
1, pp. 219222, Jun. 1999.
[5] M. C. Bailey, A stacked patch antenna design with strict bandpass filter
characteristics, in IEEE AP-S Symp. Digest, vol. 2, pp. 15991602, Jun.
2004.
[6] Y. E. Erdemli, K. Sertel, R. A. Gilbert, D. E. Wright, and J. L. Volakis,
Frequency selective surfaces to enhance performance of broad band
reconfigurable arrays, IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., vol. 50, no. 12,
pp. 17161724, Dec. 2002.
[7] H. J. Visser and M. Guglielmi, Filter design of waveguide array
antennas, in IEEE AP-S Symp. Digest, vol. 4, pp. 23382341, Jul. 1997.
[8] S. Monni, N. L. Juan, A. Neto, and G. Gerini, Phased array antenna
integrated with a frequency selective surfacetheory and experiments,
in Phased Array Systems and Technology, IEEE Int. Symp. Digestpp.
458463, Oct. 2003.
[9] G. Gerini and L. Zappelli, Multilayer array antennas with integrated
frequency selective surfaces conformal to a circular cylindrical surface,
IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., vol. 53, no. 6, pp. 20202030, Jun. 2005.
[10] Ayan Chatterjee, Sushanta Biswas, DebasreeChanda (Sarkar),
ParthaPratim Sarkar, A Polarization Independent Compact Multi-band
Frequency Selective Surface, Institute Of Technology, Nirma
University, Ahmedabad 382 481, 08-10, Dec. 2011.
[3]
TABLE II
PERFORMANS RESULTS OF THE DESIGNS
Antenna Model
Frequency(GHz)
Model

Parameters

S11 (dB)

Horn Antenna

-10

-15

-15

-16

Config1

-10

-17

-10

-13

Config2

-13

-15

-20

-9

Horn Antenna

11.2

10.2

9.8

9.9

Config1

12.3

12

13.7

12.2

Config2

12.9

12.7

11.6

10

Horn Antenna

11.1

8.5

10.7

Config1

12

8.1

11

3.5

Config2

13.5

8.4

5.9

3.1

Horn Antenna

38.2

41.2

48.2

59.8

Config1

33

30.2

27.5

21.0

Config2

31.9

24.6

23.1

16.7

Gain (dB)

Minimum
Side Lobe
Suppression
(dB)
BeamWidth
(3dB)

IV. CONCLUSION
In this work, the Gain, Beam Width, Side lobe Suppression
and Reflection Coefficient of an exponentially tapered TEM
Horn antenna are enhanced within the operation bandwidth 57GHz by simply inserting the properly designed FSS s
perpendicularly its aperture.
Thus the antenna and band-pass filter is integrated in a single
module named as Filtenna, in which a pre-filtering process is
carried out reducing the interference and noise when signal is
received by antennas;
For this purpose, the two Filtenna Antenna Configurations
are built: Model 1 and Model 2 having 2 and 4 rows,
respectively with each of row consisting of one and two halves
unit elements. Filtenna Configurations are analyzed using the
finite-integration- based code (CST Microwave Studio).
Finally Model1 can be seen as more successfully working
within the 5-7GHz.
Thus a Filtering Antenna working in the 5-7GHz can be built
in a simple and economic way only fixing the properly designed
3 FSSs within the aperture of the TEM Horn Antenna as given
in the presentation.
ACKNOWLEDGMENT
We would like to express our special thanks of gratitude to
the BAP of Yldz Technical University for founding our
researches under project number of 2015-04-03-DOP02
Metamaterial inspired high performance microwave circuit
design for Microwave Sensor Applications & 2014-04-03DOP03 Design of Microwave Amplifier with non-uniform
Microstrip Transmission Lines.
REFERENCES
[1]

[2]

B. Froppier, Y. Mahe, E. M. Cruz, and S. Toutain, Integration of a


filtering function in an electromagnetic horn, in Proc. 33rd European
Microwave Conf., vol. 3, pp. 939942, Oct. 2003.
F. Queudet, B. Froppier, Y. Mahe, and S. Toutain, Study of a leaky
waveguide for the design of filtering antennas, in 33rd European
Microwave Conference, vol. 3, pp. 943946, Oct. 2003.

Peyman MAHOUTI received his M.Sc. degree in Electronics


and Communication Engineering from the Yldz Technical
University in 2012. He has been currently in Ph.D. program of
Yldz Technical University. The main research areas are
optimization of microwave circuits, broadband matching
circuits, device modeling, and computer aided circuit design,
microwave amplifiers.
Filiz GUNES received her M.Sc. degree in Electronics and
Communication Engineering from the Istanbul Technical
University. She attained her Ph.D. degree in Communication
Engineering from the Bradford University in 1979. She is
currently a full professor in Yldz Technical University. Her
current research interests are in the areas of multivariable
network theory, device modeling, computer aided microwave
circuit design, monolithic microwave integrated circuits, and
antenna arrays.
Mehmet Ali BELEN received his M.Sc. degree in Electronics
and Communication Engineering from the Sleyman Demirel
University in 2011. He has been currently in Ph.D. program of
Yldz Technical University. His current research interests are
in the areas of multivariable network theory, device modeling,
computer aided microwave circuit design, monolithic
microwave integrated circuits, and antenna arrays.
Zafar SHARIPOV was born Karnak village, Kazakhstan in
1991. He received the B.S. degree in Electronic
and communication engineering from Yldz Technical
University, Istanbul, Turkey, in 2014. He is currently pursuing
the M.S. degree in Electronic and Communication engineering
at Yldz Technical University, Istanbul, Turkey.
Salih DEMIREL has received M.Sc. and Ph.D. degrees in
Electronics and Communication Engineering from Yldz
Technical University, Istanbul, Turkey in 2006 and 2009,
respectively. He has been currently working as an assistant

6
professor in the same department. His current research interests
are among of microwave circuits especially optimization of
microwave circuits, broadband matching circuits, device
modeling, computer-aided circuit design, microwave
amplifiers.