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Name:

Student ID:

EECB353 Communication Systems


Semester 2 2012/2013
Quiz 1

a) An AM signal voltage

( 2 500 k t ) + 3.5 cos ( 2 485 k t )3.5 cos ( 2 515 k t )


v AM =10 sin
v m (t) modulating a carrier signal, v c (t).

is produced by a signal,
i)

What type of AM modulation is being used?


Double-sideband full carrier (DSB-FC)

ii)

Determine the coefficient of modulation, m. [2 marks]

m Ec
=3.5
2

iii)

, therefore

m=

[1 mark]

2 3.5 7
= =0.7
Ec
10

Determine the power of modulated carrier, upper and lower side frequencies, as well as
the total transmitted power into a 50 load. [6 marks]
2

Power of modulated carrier,


Power

PUSB=P LSB=
Total

of

( 10 )2
Pc =
=
=1W
2 R 250

( Ec )

upper

side

frequencies,

m2 Pc ( 0.7 )2 (1 )
=
=0.1225W
4
4
transmitted

PT =P c + PUSB + P LSB=1+ 0.1225+ 0.1225=1.245 W

power,

Name:
Student ID:

EECB353 Communication Systems


Semester 2 2012/2013

b) Figure 1 below shows the block diagram of an SSB transmitter:


Input modulating signal, vm

Balance Modulator 1

BPF2
Center frequency
1.5075 MHz
BW: 15 kHz

BPF1

Balance Modulator 2 and BPF2 Output Amplifier

Input carrier signal, vc

Input Carrier frequency


1 MHz

Figure 1: SSB Transmitter


i)

What kind of signal generated at the output of the Balance Modulator? [1 mark]
Double-sideband suppressed carrier, (DSB-SC)

ii)

Write the mathematical expression of the Balance Modulator 1 output, if the same
modulating signal,

v m (t)

and carrier signal,

v c (t )

as in part (a) are used.

[1

mark]

v AM =3.5 cos (2 485 k t ) 3.5 cos ( 2 515 k t )


iii)

What would be the center frequency and the bandwidth of the Band-pass Filter 1 (BPF1),
if you would like to transmit the upper-side band? [2 marks]
The center frequency of BPF1 is 507.5 kHz
BPF1 bandwidth is 15 kHz

iv)

Draw the spectrum at the output of BPF 1. [1 mark]

500 kHz

507.5 kHz

515 kHz

Name:
Student ID:
v)

EECB353 Communication Systems


Semester 2 2012/2013
Determine the total transmitted power into a 50 load and its efficiency. [3 marks]
2

Power of modulated carrier,

Pc =

( Ec )
2R

( 10 )2
=1W
250

m2 Pc ( 0.7 )2 ( 1 )
=0.1225 W
Total transmitted power, PT =P USB= 4 =
4
Efficiency, E =

Total Side Frequencies Power


0.1225W + 0.1225W
=1
= 0.1225W + 0.1225W
Total Transmitted Power

c) Figure 1 below shows the block diagram of an SSB receiver using high side injection:

Preselector and RF amplifier

Mixer 1

IF Amplifier and
BPF

Mixer 2

BFO 455kHz

LO

Figure 2: SSB Receiver


i)

Determine the local oscillator frequency for a IF frequency of 455 kHz, if the signal
transmitted in part (b) above is received. [1 mark]
Local oscillator frequency, fLO = fRF + fIF = 1.5 MHz + 455 kHz = 1.955 MHz OR
Local oscillator frequency, fLO = fRF + fIF = 1.515 MHz + 455 kHz = 1.97 MHz
Spectrum at the receiver antenna:

1.500 MHz

ii)

1. 515 MHz

List all frequencies of Mixer 1 output. [4 marks]


If fLO = 1.955 MHz
Sum: 1.500 MHz + 1.955 MHz = 3.455 MHz
1.515MHz + 1.955 MHz = 3.47 MHz
Diff: 1.955 MHz 1.5 MHz = 455 kHz

LPF

Name:
Student ID:

EECB353 Communication Systems


Semester 2 2012/2013
1.955 MHz 1.515 MHz = 440 kHz
If fLO = 1.97 MHz
Sum: 1.500 MHz + 1.97 MHz = 3.47 MHz
1.515MHz + 1.97 MHz = 3.485 MHz
Diff: 1.97 MHz 1.5 MHz = 470 kHz
1.97 MHz 1.515 MHz = 455 kHz

iii)

List all frequencies of Mixer 2 output. [3 marks]


If fLO = 1.955 MHz
Sum: 455 kHz + 455 kHz = 910 kHz
455 kHz + 440 kHz = 895 kHz
Diff: 455 kHz 440 kHz = 15 kHz
455 kHz 455 kHz = 0 kHz
If fLO = 1.97 MHz
Sum: 470 kHz + 455 kHz = 925 kHz
455 kHz + 455 kHz = 910 kHz
Diff: 470 kHz 455 kHz = 15 kHz
455 kHz 455 kHz = 0 kHz