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Code No: N0202 Set No. 1


IV B.Tech I Semester Regular Examinations, November 2009
NON CONVENTIONAL SOURCES OF ENERGY
( Common to Electrical & Electronic Engineering, Mechanical Engineering,
Electronics & Control Engineering, Mechatronics, Metallurgy & Material

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Technology and Production Engineering)
Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80
Answer any FIVE Questions
All Questions carry equal marks
?????

1. (a) Explain the procedure to estimate the average solar radiation.


(b) Define solar irradiance, solar constant. [10+6]
2. (a) Compare the following types of collectors to be use for a solar thermal power
plant with respect to
i. Flat plate
ii. Paraboloidal
iii. Parabolic through.
(b) Name three collectors requiring one axes tracking why? [10+6]
3. (a) Explain the mechanism of photoconduction in a PV cell.
(b) Describe the classification of solar cells based materials used. [8+8]
4. (a) What principle may be used for measurement of wind speed.

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(b) Explain the mechanism of production of local winds. [8+8]
5. (a) How do you get biogas from plant wastes.
(b) Draw the sketches of following models of biogas plants.
i. Digester suitable for high water table
ii. Absolute segregation of slurry
iii. Two chamber rectangular digester with floating gas holder and water seal.
[4+12]
6. (a) Explain extracting energy from petro-thermal systems with a neat sketch.
(b) Explain the nature of geothermal fields. [8+8]
7. (a) Explain the hybrid cycle operation of OTEC plant with a neat diagram.
(b) Explain the turbines and generators used in small scale hydro electric. [8+8]
8. (a) What is Joule Thomson Effect? Explain.
(b) Define figure of merit and explain how does this change with the characteristics
of the material. [4+4+8]

?????
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Code No: N0202 Set No. 2


IV B.Tech I Semester Regular Examinations, November 2009
NON CONVENTIONAL SOURCES OF ENERGY
( Common to Electrical & Electronic Engineering, Mechanical Engineering,
Electronics & Control Engineering, Mechatronics, Metallurgy & Material

www.andhracolleges.com
Technology and Production Engineering)
Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80
Answer any FIVE Questions
All Questions carry equal marks
?????

1. (a) Explain the procedure to estimate the average solar radiation.


(b) What are the reasons for variation in solar radiation reaching the earth then
received at the outside of the atmosphere. [10+6]

2. (a) Explain the considerations in installing a flat plate collector system with Ref-
erence to the geographical location and angle of tilt.
(b) Why thermal storage is preferred in solar power plants? [10+6]

3. (a) Explain the working of a solar pond and what are the main applications of a
solar pond. Describe briefly.
(b) Describe thermal energy storage systems. [8+8]

4. (a) Describe the different Schemes for wind electric generation.


(b) Describe the generator control schemes. [8+8]

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5. (a) Explain various bio mass energy conversion technologies in detail
(b) Discuss the effect of following on the generation of gases
i. pH or hydrogen ion concentration
ii. temperature. [12+4]

6. (a) Explain the principle and operation of a liquid dominated system with a neat
sketch.
(b) Explain the displacement machine with a neat sketch and mention its advan-
tages and disadvantages. [8+8]

7. (a) Explain the working of Anderson cycle OTEC system with neat sketch.
(b) Explain the power generation from single ebb cycle system. [10+6]

8. (a) Explain the criterion for the selection of thermo electric materials.
(b) Explain important factors to be considered for selecting materials for MHD
generator. [8+8]

?????

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Code No: N0202 Set No. 3


IV B.Tech I Semester Regular Examinations, November 2009
NON CONVENTIONAL SOURCES OF ENERGY
( Common to Electrical & Electronic Engineering, Mechanical Engineering,
Electronics & Control Engineering, Mechatronics, Metallurgy & Material

www.andhracolleges.com
Technology and Production Engineering)
Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80
Answer any FIVE Questions
All Questions carry equal marks
?????

1. (a) What is solar cell? Explain its principle of operation.


(b) What is solar energy? How solar energy may be utilized in generation of
electrical power? [10+6]

2. (a) Explain effects of various parameters on the performance of the collector.


(b) Explain the following:
i. Cosine loss
ii. Difuse radiation. [10+6]

3. (a) Explain the working of collectors.


(b) Write notes on solar distillation. [8+8]

4. (a) Describe the different Schemes for wind electric generation.

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(b) Describe the generator control schemes. [8+8]

5. (a) What is the origin of biomass energy? What is its global potential?
(b) Compare the relative performances of a floating drum and fixeddone type
bio-gasplants. [8+8]

6. (a) Explain the principle and operation of a liquid dominated system with a neat
sketch.
(b) Explain the displacement machine with a neat sketch and mention its advan-
tages and disadvantages. [8+8]

7. (a) Explain the hybrid cycle operation of OTEC plant with a neat diagram.
(b) Explain the turbines and generators used in small scale hydro electric. [8+8]

8. (a) Large values of figure of merit gives high quality thermo couple. Justify this
statement.
(b) What are the advantages and disadvantages of fuel cells. [8+8]

?????

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Code No: N0202 Set No. 4


IV B.Tech I Semester Regular Examinations, November 2009
NON CONVENTIONAL SOURCES OF ENERGY
( Common to Electrical & Electronic Engineering, Mechanical Engineering,
Electronics & Control Engineering, Mechatronics, Metallurgy & Material

www.andhracolleges.com
Technology and Production Engineering)
Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80
Answer any FIVE Questions
All Questions carry equal marks
?????

1. (a) Explain the procedure to estimate the average solar radiation.


(b) Explain the principle of working of pyranometer. [10+6]

2. (a) How solar air collectors are classified? What are the main applications of a
drier.
(b) Define concentration ratio of a solar collector. [10+6]

3. (a) Define collector efficiency and heat removal factor.


(b) Mention solar pond applications. [8+8]

4. (a) Describe with a neat sketch the working of a wind energy system with Main
components.
(b) Write short notes on:
i. Wind energy storage

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ii. Darrius rotor. [10+6]

5. (a) How do you get biogas from plant wastes.


(b) Draw the sketches of following models of biogas plants.
i. Digester suitable for high water table
ii. Absolute segregation of slurry
iii. Two chamber rectangular digester with floating gas holder and water seal.
[4+12]

6. (a) Explain the principle and operation of a liquid dominated system with a neat
sketch.
(b) Explain the displacement machine with a neat sketch and mention its advan-
tages and disadvantages. [8+8]

7. (a) Draw the schematic diagram for Dolphin type wave power machine. Explain
its operation.
(b) What is the principle behind OTEC systems ? What is the criterion for the
selection of site in OTEC systems. [10+6]

8. (a) Explain the principle and working of MHD accelerator.


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Code No: N0202 Set No. 4


(b) Explain important factors to be considered for selecting materials for MHD
generator. [10+6]

?????

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