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ACB Tripping Circuit on Single Phasing

AC
supply
from 15
kVA
UPS

Timer D
(Setting -5s/Monoshot)

(-)
24 V DC Supply

24V RELAY
C
NO

(+)
24V RELAYS

15
ACB
TRIP
COIL

18

1
2
3
N

VMR 3P
NC
1
2
NO
3
4

NC

N
NC

NO

NO

NC

NO

(+)

NO
NC

(-)

TRIP SIGNAL FORM ACB

1 2 3

(All Relays shown in three phase OFF condition)

1
1
1
1
0

1
1
0
0
0

1
0
1
0
0

VMR

0
1
1
1
1

A
0
1
1
1
1

F
0
1
1
1
1

R
1
1
1
1
0

Y
1
1
0
0
0

R
Y
B

220V
RELAYS

Ravindra Kishore, SEA, AIR, Lucknow

B
1
0
1
0
0

C
0
1
1
1
0

D
0
1
1
1
0

Brief Description:
It is observed that many times single phasing occurred from the source of power supply i. e . from the substation or from the HT transformer especially
during rainstorm. Whenever such single phasing occurred some of switch gear contractors and/or three phase equipment suffer from damage due to
unbalance voltage.
To overcome this situation a single phase prevention technique is incorporated in main incoming ACB tripping mechanism by use of internal resources.
24 V DC is used for control line. A Voltage monitoring relay VMR 3P is used to monitor incoming phase. Whenever, any phase absents it forwards 24 V
control supply obtained from the 24 V supply unit connected with 15 KVA UPS, to 24 relays A & F through its auxiliary contacts. Relay A forwards this
control line to auxiliary contacts of 220 V relays R, Y & B which are connected in parallel.
If all the three phase are present, relays R, Y & B are closed. But if any one phase remains absent, the relevant relay opens control line. But at the same
time other two relays give path to control signal and it extends from relay A to relay C. This relay C extends UPS AC supply to timer D to start. After a delay
of 5 sec, timer closes its auxiliary contact 15 and 18 for 1 second and 24 V pulse reaches to trip coil of ACB and ACB trips immediately.
On the other hand, if all the three phase AC input omitted i. e. power supply fails, the control line will be blocked as all the three relays R, Y & B remains
de energised and three parallel auxiliary contacts are open.
If any overload generated by control circuit of ACB, it goes directly to trip coil. The connections of relay A and F are such that both relays cannot extend
signal simultaneously.
A truth table shows all the possible conditions of operation.
A bypassing arrangement of this circuit is made by simply removing the connector before trip coil and inserting another similar connector tagged nearly.
It is to be noted that once the ACB trips through the fault (single phasing or overload generated by ACB control circuit itself), resetting of ACB is required
by pressing OFF button before making ACB ON again.

Ravindra Kishore, SEA, AIR, Lucknow