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Lesson Plan in Afro-Asian Literature


At the end of a 60-minute discussion, the class should be able to:
1. Compare and contrast the characters of Anpu and Bata.
2. Express their reaction during class discussion.
3. Answer the question about the story.


The Two Brothers (Egyptian Literature)




Pen and paper

Visual aid


A. Motivation:

Divide the class into two groups.

Give the class the instruction for the activity.
1st group: if there is someone who is very good to you and there is also
someone who spread bad rumours against him/her. What are going to do?
2nd group: if you were that someone who is very good and a bad rumour
against you was spreading. What are you going to do?

B. Discussion:
Tale of Two Brothers:
Bata served his elder brother Anubis like a son. Bata had prodigious strength and the power to understand
animals. One day as they were plowing, Anubis sent Bata back to the house for more seed.
The wife was smitten with mighty Bata and tried to seduce him, only to be rejected: "You are like a
mother to me and your husband like a father..." Virtuous to a fault, he promised not to tell her shame.
But she faked a beating (swallowing rancid fat to induce vomiting) and when Anubis returned she told
him that Bata had raped her. So Anubis waits in ambush in the stable. But the lead cow warns Bata and he
Re-Harakhti intervenes and draws a river full of crocodiles between Bata and his pursuer.
From the far side of the river Bata protests his innocence. And to prove his claim he calls Re to witness
and castrates himself (penis and all) casting the genitals into the river. Anubis is thus convinced of his
innocence. Thereupon Bata weakens and seems to depart this life, journeying to the Valley of the Pine,
telling his brother that he must come to resurrect him when a sign appears. When Anubis finds that beer
ferments in his cup, he will know that Bata has perished and he must go to save him.

For Bata will take out his heart and lodge it in the pine flower at the top of the tree. When the sign comes
to him, Anubis must go and find the heart and restore it to life in a basin of water.
Anubis returns home, kills his wife and gives her carcase to the dogs.
Bata in the Valley of the Pine is blessed by the Ennead. On order of Re, Khnum fashions for Bata a wife of
supreme beauty, "the ichors of every god is in her."
But it is not a happy match, for "she sat in the house while he spent the days hunting desert game."
He warned her not to go outside, "lest the sea snatch you. I cannot rescue you ...because I am a woman
like you..."
Nonetheless she ventures out, the tide surges around her and captures a tress of her hair (that snagged on
the pine); and the sea then carries the tress back to Egypt. There the fragrance of the tress so permeates
the waters that the clothing of pharaoh becomes scented from washing in it.
Pharaoh learns from his scribes that this tress belongs to "a daughter of Re-Harakhti in who is the ichors
of every god." So he sends out envoys to search for her; she is found in the valley of the pine and brought
back to Egypt. There she delights the king and demands that he send soldier to cut down the great pine
(wherein is the heart of Bata).
The next day when Anubis takes his barley beer, it ferments in his cup; he takes wine and it sours.
So, recognizing the sign, he sets out for the Valley of the Pine. There he finds Bata's body and searches
3 years for the heart. When he has nearly given up he finds it, puts in a basin of water.
And as the heart soaks the water, the body of Bata takes life and twitches. Anubis gives him the basin to
drink, and his heart is restored. The two brothers are reunited.
Then by Bata's plan, they journey to Egypt, Bata himself disguised as a great Bull, Anubis riding on his
back. Pharaoh is impressed and honors Anubis.
But Bata the Bull reveals himself to the Wife (now wife of Pharoah) and she contrives to have him
slaughtered by tricking pharoah into a promise; she demands, "Let me eat the liver of this bull."
At his slaughter two drops of the blood soak into the earth at the doorposts of the palace, and there two
great Persea trees spring up, one on either side.
Again Bata, now in the Persea tree, reveals himself to the treacherous Wife. And again she tricks pharaoh
into promising, now to cut down the trees and make furniture for her. But when the trees are felled, a
splinter of the wood flies off and lodges in her mouth, and she becomes pregnant from it. Pharaoh dotes
upon the child as his son; he (Bata incarnate) rises to be Crown Prince.



Ask the students the following questions:


Who are the two brothers?

To who did Bata prayed?
Who made a wife for Bata?
What part of the story interest you most? Why?
Prepared by:
Glecy Baados

Laarni Santiago