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LABNARIO - routing policy configuration

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routing policy configuration


Posted in IP Routing

Some time ago I wrote about local PBR and interface PBR.
Its time to talk about routing policy, that is a different mechanism. Routing policy is applied to routing
information and it is combined with routing protocols to form policies. PBR mechanism is applied to data
flows and and packets are forwarded according to the configured policy.
Routing policy is a tool which can be used to filter routes and set route attributes, when importing routing
information into OSPF, RIP, ISIS or BGP protocols. BGP can use routing policy to filter advertising routes as
well. Routing policy defines which of the routes from the specific routing protocol are allowed to be imported
into the target routing protocol. It can be also used to match routes or certain route attributes and to change
these attributes when the matching rules are met.
Routing policy command syntax:
route-policy route-policy-name { permit | deny } node node

A route-policy may consists of multiple nodes, for example:


route-policy LABNARIO-POLICY permit node 10
route-policy LABNARIO-POLICY deny node 20

The relationship between the nodes of a route-policy is OR. This means that if a route matches the node 10
command, the route will not be matched against the node 20. If a route does not match any node, the route
fails to match the route-policy. If two nodes are configured, a route is first matched with the node 10
command.
A node in a route-policy can use:

file:///D|/Downloads/LABNARIO%20-%20routing%20policy%20configuration.htm[2/17/2016 2:59:46 PM]

LABNARIO - routing policy configuration

permit parameter If a route matches the node, the router performs actions defined by the apply clauses and
the matching is complete. Otherwise, the route continues to match the next node.
deny parameter in this mode the apply clauses are not used. If a route entry matches all the if-match clauses
of the node, the route is denied by the node and the next node is not matched. If the entry does not match all
the clauses, the next node is matched.
It is important to note that:
by default, routes that are unmatched by the nodes, will be denied
if multiple nodes are defined, at least one of them should use permit parameter
if all the nodes are in deny mode, all the routes will be denied by the route-policy
if no if-match clause is defined, all the routes meet the matching rules
Each node can be classified into the following clauses:
if-match match certain route attributes
apply set certain route attributes
The relationship between the if-match clauses is AND. This means that a route must match all the if-match
clauses.
If-match clauses can match the following:
acl
Specify an ACL
as-path-filter
BGP AS path list
community-filter
Match BGP community filter
cost
Match metric of route
extcommunity-filter Match BGP/VPN extended community filter
interface
Specify the interface matching the first hop of routes
ip
IP information
group-address
Match group address of route
next-hop
Match next-hop address of route
route-source
Match advertising source address of route
ip-prefix
Specify an address prefix-list
ipv6
IPv6 Information
group-address
Match group address of route
next-hop
Match next-hop address of route
route-source
Match advertising source address of route
mpls-label
Give the Label
rd-filter
Route-distinguisher filter
route-type
Match route-type of route
external-type1
OSPF External Type 1 routes
external-type1or2
OSPF External routes (OSPF type 1/2)
external-type2
OSPF External Type 2 routes
internal
Internal route (including OSPF intra/inter area)
is-is-level-1
IS-IS Level-1 routes
is-is-level-2
IS-IS Level-2 routes
nssa-external-type1 OSPF NSSA External Type1 routes
nssa-external-type1or2 OSPF NSSA External Type1 and Type2 routes
nssa-external-type2 OSPF NSSA External Type2 routes
tag
Match tag of route

file:///D|/Downloads/LABNARIO%20-%20routing%20policy%20configuration.htm[2/17/2016 2:59:46 PM]

LABNARIO - routing policy configuration

Apply clauses can set the following:


[Labnario-route-policy]apply ?
as-path
BGP AS path list
backup-interface Backup outgoing interface
backup-nexthop
Backup nexthop address
behavior
Specify QoS policy as behavior
comm-filter
Set BGP community filter (for deletion)
community
BGP community attribute
cost
Set metric of route
cost-type
Type of metric for destination routing protocol
external
IS-IS external metric
internal
IS-IS internal metric/Set BGP MED to IGP metric of nexthop
type-1
OSPF External Type 1 routes
type-2
OSPF External Type 2 routes
dampening
Set BGP route flap dampening parameters
extcommunity
Set BGP/VPN extended community filter
ip-address
IP information
next-hop
Next hop address
ip-precedence
Specify QoS policy as IP precedence
ipv6
IPv6 Information
next-hop
Next hop address
isis
Where to import route
level-1
Import into a level-1 area
level-1-2 Import into level-1 and level-2
level-2
Import into level-2 sub-domain
local-preference BGP local preference path attribute
mpls-label
Give the Label
origin
BGP origin code
egp
Remote EGP
igp
Local IGP
incomplete Unknown heritage
ospf
Where to import route
backbone
Import into OSPF backbone area
stub-area Import into OSPF NSSA area
preference
Give the Preference (Route Preference)
preferred-value
BGP Preferred-value (weight) for routing table
qos-local-id
Specify QoS policy as qos local id
tag
Set tag of route
traffic-index
Specify BGP Traffic Accounting Index

Examples:
Configure a route-policy to import into OSPF:
routes tagged with a value of 100
routes tagged with a value of 200
set them a tag 300
block any other routes
Configure a route-policy to import into RIP:
All the OSPF routes except the prefix 120.10.1.0/24, if it comes from the source of 150.100.1.5
file:///D|/Downloads/LABNARIO%20-%20routing%20policy%20configuration.htm[2/17/2016 2:59:46 PM]

LABNARIO - routing policy configuration

Config should be done on AR1 router, as this is a boundary router between OSPF and RIP domains:
#
route-policy RIP-2-OSPF permit node 10
if-match tag 100
apply tag 300
#
route-policy RIP-2-OSPF permit node 20
if-match tag 200
apply tag 300
#
ospf 1
import-route rip 1 route-policy RIP-2-OSPF
#
route-policy OSPF-2-RIP deny node 10
if-match ip-prefix PREFIX1
if-match ip route-source acl 2001
#
route-policy OSPF-2-RIP permit node 20
#
ip ip-prefix PREFIX1 index 10 permit 120.10.1.0 24
#
acl number 2001
rule 10 permit source 150.100.1.5 0
#
rip 1
import-route ospf 1 route-policy OSPF-2-RIP

Tags: Huawei CLI, OSPF, ISIS, BGP, route-policy, RIP

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LABNARIO - routing policy configuration

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