You are on page 1of 23

CHEMISTRY 501-600

501. Which of the following natural poisons is the


deadliest?

a.) digitoxin (from foxglove)

b.) palytoxin carboxylic acid (from Hawaiian


coral)
c.) coniine (from hemlock)

d.) batrachotoxin (from poison arrow frogs)


502. What is the most abundant metal in the earth's
crust?

a.) magnesium

b.) calcium

c.) aluminum

d.) iron
503. What is aquaregia?

a.) an acid mixture that dissolves gold

b.) a purple pigment

c.) supercooled water

d.) a hormone produced by queen bees


504. Which of the following contains the highest
percentage of lead?

a.) pewter

b.) lead shot

c.) type metal

d.) lead solder


505. Which of the following salts has a solubility that
decreases as temperature increases?

a.) Li2CO3

b.) Cs2CO3

c.) Rb2CO3

d.) K2CO3
506. Which of the following pH's for a rain sample
would be considered "acid rain"?

a.) 8

b.) 4

c.) 5

d.) 7
507. The 1938 edition of the CRC handbook lists
"Alabamine" as an element. The element was named
for the state of Alabama and had the symbol Ab. What
is the modern name for alabamine?

a.) niobium

b.) promethium

c.) astatine

d.) francium
508. Salts of which of the following elements make
blue fireworks blue?

a.) potassium

b.) strontium

c.) barium

d.) copper
509. Chlorine was called chlorine because:

a.) it was first isolated in Chlorox (TM) bleach

b.) it is yellow-green

c.) its discoverer's daughter was named Chloe

d.) it is a powerful oxidizing agent


510. Many laboratory fires are caused by "flashback"
that occurs when the vapors of flammable organic
solvents come into contact with a burner or heater.
Nearly all organic vapors are heavier than air and so
flow along table top surfaces.
Which of the following flammable vapors will NOT
behave in this manner?

a.) butane

b.) diethyl ether

c.) petroleum ether

d.) carbon monoxide


511. The candela is one of the seven base units in the
SI system. It measures:

a.) luminous intensity

b.) combustion rate

c.) magnetism

d.) power
512. What is "piranha solution"?

a.) concentrated nitric acid

b.) a mixture of sulfuric acid and hydrogen


peroxide
c.) solution used to digest lutfisk

d.) fuming sulfuric acid


513. What is a"Pauling Point"?

a.) a lethal dose of vitamin C

b.) the midpoint of a valence bond

c.) a model that minimizes both error and effort

d.) a point where electronegativity changes


sign
514. How much plutonium would be required to make
an atomic bomb as powerful as the one that
devastated Nagasaki in World War II?

a.) 1 to 3 kg

b.) 5 to 10 kg

c.) 20 to 30kg

d.) 0.5 to 1kg


515. Which of the following metals is added to steel in
lighter flints to make it spark easily when struck?

a.) tantalum

b.) zirconium

c.) titanium

d.) cobalt
516. What is "diamond ink"?

a.) a mixture of HF, BaSO4, and fluorides for


etching glass

b.) colloidal diamond ink for marking metal

c.) carbon disulfide-based ink for marking


diamonds

d.) colloidal silver ink


517. Who discovered actinium, element 89?

a.) Irene Curie

b.) Marie Curie

c.) Glenn Seaborg

d.) Andr-Louis Debierne

518. What intermolecular forces do geckos use to stick


to walls and ceilings?

a.) static ionic attractions

b.) van der Waals forces

c.) quadrupole-quadrupole attractions

d.) dipole-dipole attractions


519. Which element can be drawn into thinner wires
and hammered into thinner sheets than any other
element?

a.) Au

b.) Cu

c.) Mt

d.) Na
520. Copper objects that are exposed to moist air for a
long time develop a green coating. The coating is
primarily made of:

a.) basic copper carbonate

527. Acetylene torches and burners used by


glassblowers produce intense ultraviolet light.
Glassblowers wear special glasses that contain which
of the following elements to absorb the UV?

a.) neodymium and praseodymium

b.) ozone

c.) copper

d.) cerium
528. What is the smallest mass ever measured directly
by a weighing scale?

a.) A 5 ng virus crystal

b.) A 10 microgram bacterial cell

c.) An electron

d.) A 22 femtogram graphite speck


529. Salts of which of the following metals are added to
fireworks to make them brilliant red?

a.) potassium

b.) green vitriol

b.) barium

c.) copper (II) oxide

c.) strontium

d.) copper (I) oxide


521. Which of the halogens is most abundant in
nature?

a.) iodine

d.) iron
530. Which of the following is NOT one of the basic
building blocks of proteins?

a.) phenylalanine

b.) astatine

b.) purine

c.) fluorine

c.) serine

d.) chlorine
522. Which element has the largest atoms?

a.) Cs

b.) Mt

c.) Fr

d.) U
523. Which of the following contains the highest
percentage of gold?

a.) 18 carat white gold

b.) 18 carat yellow gold

c.) U. S. gold coins

d.) dental gold


524. What is "butter of arsenic"?

a.) pure white arsenic

b.) arsenous acid

c.) yellow arsenic

d.) arsenic trichloride


525. At room temperature, which element conducts
electricity better than any other element?

a.) Ag

b.) Au

c.) Pb

d.) Cu
526. What is a doubly magic nucleus?

a.) a nucleus with a lobed shape

b.) a nucleus that can exist in two places


simultaneously
c.) nuclei with a full shell of protons and a full
shell of neutrons
d.) a nucleus with two magical spins

d.) praline
531. Which of the following radioactive elements is
used in household fire detectors?

a.) americium

b.) neptunium

c.) plutonium

d.) uranium
532. The Trauzl lead block test has been used for over
a century to measure which of the following?

a.) how high one can pile a tower of blocks


after lead exposure

b.) penetrating ability of ionizing radiation

c.) the darkness of pencil leads

d.) explosiveness
533. What makes sparklers spark?

a.) flaming aluminum flakes

b.) burning iron particles

c.) burning sulfur

d.) luminal
534. Poison ivy rashes are caused by:

a.) an intense allergic reaction to an otherwise


harmless organic compound

b.) an organic oil that disrupts cell membranes

c.) a waxy organic base that interferes with


fluid balance

d.) a corrosive organic acid produced by the


leaves
535. Besides water, what chemical compound is used
in greatest amounts by the global economy with little
or no preprocessing?

a.) NaCl

b.) CaCO3

b.) astatine

c.) SiO2

c.) francium

d.) Cellulose
536. The spectrum of sunspots is more complex than
the spectrum of the rest of the sun. This is because:

a.) metallic elements concentrate in sunspots

b.) more molecules are present in sunspots

c.) sunspots are more turbulent

d.) more ions are present in sunspots


537. Oxygen "always" has an oxidation number of -2.
But there are several exceptions. In which of the
following compounds and ions does oxygen have an
oxidation number of +2?

a.) O2F2

b.) H2O2

c.) O3 -

d.) OF2
538. All U. S. coins are alloys that always contain some
amount of:

a.) gold

b.) silver

c.) copper

d.) nickel
539. On a clear, moonless night, it's still possible to see
by the light of the sky. Where does most of the light
come from?

a.) dust that scatters light all the way from the
dayside of the earth

b.) chemiluminescent chemical reactions

c.) the Big Bang

d.) solar wind


540.) Hypatia of Alexandria was one of the first well
known teachers of science. One of her many inventions
was:

a.) an apparatus for distilling water

b.) the first weight scale

c.) papermaking

d.) indigo dye


541. What is "liver of sulfur"?

a.) potassium sulfide

d.) technetium
544. Meitnerium (element 109) is an artificially
produced element. Which of the following is the size of
the first meitnerium sample ever produced?

a.) 10 atoms

b.) 1atom

c.) 1g

d.) 1ng
545. Which element is the most powerful oxidizing
agent?

a.) fluorine

b.) chlorine

c.) potassium

d.) oxygen
546. What is the minimum number of photons that
must reach the retina each second to produce vision?

a.) 2 109

b.) 2 106

c.) 2 103

d.) 20
547. An isotope near the neutron drip line:

a.) has so many extra neutrons that additional


ones won't bind to it

b.) captures neutrons that drip from other


nuclei

c.) "drips"a stream of neutrons until it becomes


stable

d.) has a teardrop like configuration


548. Alchemists in ancient Egypt tested gold for purity
by remelting it and heating it. If the gold became
whiter, it contained:

a.) copper

b.) lead

c.) silver

d.) tin
549. Which of the "rare" gases is the most common in
the atmosphere?

a.) helium

b.) a crystal form of sulfur

b.) xenon

c.) lead sulfide

c.) argon

d.) a condition caused by sulfide poisoning


542. What deadly poison sometimes contaminates
peanuts?

a.) Plutonium

b.) Cyanide

c.) Ricin

d.) Aflatoxtin

543. The 1938 edition of the CRC handbook lists


"Virginium"as an element. The element was named for
the state of Virginia and had the symbol Va. What is
the modern name for virginium?

a.) promethium

d.) radon
550. Which of the following is the smallest container
that could hide enough plutonium to make an atomic
bomb capable of destroying 40 city blocks?

a.) an automobile trunk

b.) A soft drink can

c.) a coffee can

d.) a small van

551. The 1938 edition of the CRC handbook lists


"Masurium"as an element. The element was named for
the German province of Masur. What is the modern
name for masurium?

a.) technetium

b.) francium

c.) niobium

d.) astatine
552. What is "Cardamist"?

a.) a spice

b.) a nervous gas

c.) a paper additive

d.) nitroglycerin
553. Arsphenamine has a common name: "606". Where
did that name come from?

a.) It was the 606th and first successful


compound in the search for a syphilis
treatment.

b.) One gram of the compound is toxic enough


to kill606 mice.

c.) 606 is the compound's molecular weight.

d.) The molecule is shaped like the numerals in


"606".
554. What is the most abundant type of atom in living
things?

a.) oxygen

b.) hydrogen

c.) sodium

d.) carbon
555. An electromagnetic wave can be produced by

a.) a stationary uncharged particle

b.) a stationary charged particle

c.) an oscillating, uncharged particle

d.) an oscillating charged particle


556. When the wavelength of electromagnetic
radiation is increased by 10 percent, the frequency of
the radiation

a.) increases by 10 percent

b.) decreases to 10/11 its original value

c.) decreases by 10 percent

d.) is unchanged
557. When the frequency of electromagnetic radiation
is increased by 10 percent, the energy of one photon of
the radiation

a.) is unchanged

b.) decreases by 10 percent

c.) increases by 10 percent

d.) decreases to 10/11 its original value


558. A quantum number n arises in the electron-on-awire model because

a.) the amplitude of the wave is restricted

b.) the deBroglie relation contains a quantum


number

c.) the energy of a moving particle can take on


any value

d.) the wavelength on the wire can take on only


certain values
559. Increasing the wavelength of visible light

a.) shifts its color towards the red end of the


spectrum

b.) increases its brightness

c.) shifts its color towards the blue end of the


spectrum

d.) increases its saturation


560. The Pauli exclusion principle

a.) states that electrons have wavelike


behavior

b.) limits the number of electrons that can


occupy an orbital to 2.

c.) says that all electrons in an orbital have the


same set of 4 quantum numbers.

d.) states that the ms quantum number must


have values of -1/2 or +1/2.
561. Which of the following is nota property of
particles?

a.) localization

b.) mass

c.) velocity

d.) diffraction
562. Which of the following electron transitions in a
hydrogen atom results in the greatest release of
energy?

a.) n = 3 to n = 4

b.) n = 6 to n = 4

c.) n = 4 to n = 6

d.) n = 7 to n = 5
563. Which of the following will have the largest de
Broglie wavelength?

a.) a proton moving at 1000 m/s

b.) an electron moving at10000 m/s

c.) an electron moving at1000 m/s

d.) a hydrogen atom moving at 10000 m/s


564. Which of the following statements about d atomic
orbitals is true?

a.) d orbitals have high amplitude at the


nucleus.

b.) The probability of finding a d orbital


electron at the nucleus is high.

c.) d orbitals are better at shielding outer


electrons than sand p orbitals in the same
shell.

d.) d orbitals are less penetrating than sand p


orbitals in the same shell.
565. Which series of quantum numbers describes the
highest occupied orbital in a ground state mercury
atom?

a.) n = 6, l = 2

b.) n = 5, l = 2

c.) n = 4, l = 3

d.) n = 6, l = 0
566. An atom of silicon in its ground state has how
many electrons with quantum number l=1?

a.) 14

b.) 2

c.) 8

d.) 28
567. Which of the following ionization energies will be
highest?

a.) The first ionization energy of Ca

b.) The second ionization energy of K

c.) The second ionization energy of Ca

d.) The first ionization energy of K


568. Isoelectronic atoms and ions have identical

a.) electron affinity


b.) ionization energy

c.) electron configuration


d.) effective
nuclear charge
569. Effective nuclear charge is

a.) the charge on the nucleus experienced by


an electron when the shielding effect of other
electrons is accounted for

b.) the amount of energy required to remove


an electron from the valence shell when the
atom is in a gaseous state

c.) the energy released when a proton is added


to the nucleus

d.) the number of electrons that penetrate the


nucleus
570. A hypothesis is

a.) a theory that has been proved

b.) obeyed under any circumstances.

c.) a description of a pattern or relationship in


experimental data

d.) a tentative explanation for a natural


phenomenon
571. A number of people become ill after eating dinner
in a restaurant. Which of the following statements is a
hypothesis?

a.) Bacteria in the oysters may have caused


the illness.

b.) Everyone who ate oysters got sick.

c.) The cooks felt really bad about it.

d.) People got sick whether the oysters were


raw or cooked.
572. Which of the following statements is a law?

a.) Higher altitude means lower boiling points


for water, all other things held equal.

b.) An egg cooks in 17minutes at sea level.

c.) An egg cooked for 27 minutes in Baltimore


was badly overcooked.

d.) An egg takes less time to cook in Baltimore


than in Denver.
573. The statement, "Osmium has a density of 22.59
g/mL, which makes it the densest element known" is
an example of:

a.) an experimental observation


b.) a
hypothesis

c.) a law
d.) a
theory
574. The statement, "A chemical reaction never
creates products that weigh more or less than the
reactants", is based on three centuries of experimental
observation. The statement is an example of:

a.) a law
Sb.) a datum

c.) a theory
d.) a hypothesis
575. A natural law is

a.) an explanation that has been proved

b.) obeyed under any circumstances.

c.) a tentative explanation for a natural


phenomenon

d.) a description of a pattern or relationship in


experimental data
576. Vanillin contains 63.15%C, 5.30%H, and 31.55% O
whether it is extracted from vanilla beans, synthesized
chemically from clove oils, or extracted from wood pulp
wastes. Vanillin is most likely to be:

a.) a solution of C in H and O

b.) a compound of C, H, and O

c.) a heterogeous mixture of elements

d.) a homogenous mixture of elements


577. A blue crystalline material is heated strongly in a
test tube. A clear liquid condenses around the mouth of
the tube and the crystals gradually lose their blue color
and become white powder. Every gram of blue crystal
produces 0.36 g of clear liquid and 0.64 g of colorless
powder. The same weight relationships are observed
for samples of the crystals taken from many different
sources. These observations are consistent with the
hypothesis that the blue crystals are:

a.) a heterogeous mixture

b.) an element

c.) a wet salt

d.) a compound
578. The meteorite ALH84001 contains tiny bubbles of
gas trapped in the rock. The chemical composition of
the gas in these bubbles matches the composition of
the Martian atmosphere as determined by Viking
spacecraft in the 1970's.
The meteorite is an example of a(n)

a.) binary compound


b.) heterogeneous
mixture

c.) solution
d.) homogeneous
mixture
579. A solid melts gradually between 85C and 95C to
give a milky,oily liquid. When a laser beam shines
through the liquid, the path of the beam is clearly
visible. The milky liquid is likely to be:

a.) a heterogenous mixture


b.) a
solution

c.) a compound
d.) an element
580. Smoke is an example of a(n):

a.) gaseous solution

b.) compound

c.) homogeneous mixture

d.) heterogeneous mixture


581. Antoine Lavoisier, the "father of chemistry",listed
lime as a chemical element in his table of33known
elements. Which of the following observations shows
that lime cannot be an element?

a.) Lime reacts with water, generating a large


amount of heat.

b.) When a certain soft metal is burned in


oxygen, lime is produced (with no other
products).

c.) Lime melts at a temperature of 2572C.

d.) Lime and carbon dioxide are produced when


limestone is roasted.

582. Which of the following is a physical property?

a.) corrosiveness

b.) temperature

c.) toxicity

d.) flammability
583. Which of the following is an extensive property of
coffee in a mug?

a.) temperature

b.) cream added per mL of coffee

c.) total mg of caffeine

d.) color
584. In order to decide whether a property is chemical
or physical, you must know whether

a.) chemical or physical changes occur when


the property is measured

b.) the property is intrinsic or extrinsic

c.) the property involves matter or energy

d.) measuring the property changes mass or


energy
585. Which of the following is an intensive property?

a.) weight
b.) density

c.) number of atoms


d.) volume
586. The specific volume of a substance is the the
volume per gram of substance. Specific volume is an
example of

a.) a physical, intensive property

b.) a physical, extensive property

c.) a chemical, intensive property

d.) a chemical,extensive property


587. Which of the following is a chemical property of a
slice of chocolate cake?

a.) color
b.) dietary calories

c.) volume
d.) mass
588. Which of the following is an extensive property?

a.) volume
b.) hardness

c.) melting point


d.) color
589. Which of the following is an intensive chemical
property of a box of raisins?

a.) total number of raisin


b.) total
calories

c.) total grams


d.) calories per serving
590. Which of the following is an extensive property of
a bubble of air?

a.) percent oxygen


b.) temperature

c.) radius
d.) density
591. Dalton suggested that atoms were indestructible
and unchangeable to explain:

a.) why mass is conserved in chemical


reactions

b.) why compounds combine in fixed weight


ratios in chemical reactions

c.) why elements combine in fixed weight


ratios to form compounds

d.) why elements are characterized by the


mass of their atoms
592. Hydrogen combines with nitrogen in a 3:14 weight
ratio to form ammonia. If every molecule of ammonia

contains three atoms of hydrogen and one atom of


nitrogen, an atom of nitrogen must weigh:

a.) 14 times the mass of a hydrogen atom

b.) 3 times the mass of a hydrogen atom

c.) 3/14 times the mass of a hydrogen atom

d.) 14/3 times the mass of a hydrogen atom


593. Which of the following is not a postulate of
Dalton's atomic theory?

a.) different elements have atoms of different


masses

b.) atoms combine in simple whole number


ratios to form compounds

c.) chemical change is a rearrangement of


atoms

d.) atoms of a single element can have


different masses
594. Hydrogen combines with oxygen in a 1:8 weight
ratio to form water. If every molecule of water contains
two atoms of hydrogen and one atom of oxygen, an
atom of oxygen must weigh:

a.) 1/16 times the mass of a hydrogen atom

b.) 1/8 times the mass of a hydrogen atom

c.) 8 times the mass of a hydrogen atom

d.) 16 times the mass of a hydrogen atom


595. Dalton viewed chemical change as:

a.) a transfer of protons

596.)

b.) creation and destruction of atoms


c.) a change of atoms from one type into
another
d.) a rearrangement of atoms
When elements react, their atoms combine in:
a.) a simple whole number ratio (unique for
each pair of elements)
b.) triplets

c.) simple whole number ratios (more than one


possible)

d.) pairs
597.) Dalton said that elements are different
distinguished from each other by:

a.) the shapes of their atoms

b.) the weights of their atoms

c.) the charge on their ions

d.) the density of their solid forms


598.) Dalton based his relative atomic weight scale on:

a.) oxygen
b.) hydrogen

c.) helium
d.) carbon
599.) The number of hydrogen atoms in 8 molecules of
methanol, CH3OH, is

a.) 3
b.) 8

c.) 32
d.) 24
600.) Phenylmercuricborate, (C6H5Hg)2HBO3, was
once used as a mildewproofing agent. A wood sample
sprayed with 4.8 x 1018 molecules of phenylmercuric
borate could contain how many mercury atoms?

a.) 2
b.) 2.4 x 10^18

c.) 4.8 x 10^18 d.) 9.6 x 10^18

CHEMISTRY 401-500
401. Determine the density of the space occupied by
the electrons in the Na atom. The radius of the nucleus
is given, and 3.04 fm. The radius of Na atom is 186 pm
and atomic number is 11.

A. 4.21 x 10^-4 g/cm3

B. 3.71 x 10^-4 g/cm3

C. 7.31 x 10^-4 g/cm3

D. 8.31 x 10^-4 g/cm3


402. Calculate the moles of Magnesium (Mg) present in
93.5 g of Mg? (Mg atomic mass = 24.31g)

A. 3.85 moles

B. 4.15 moles

C. 5.38 moles

D. 3.35 moles
403. How many number of atoms are there in 1.32 x
10^3 g of Lead (Pb)? Pb atomic mass is 207.7g.

A. 3.84 x 10^23 atoms

B. 4.38 x 10^23 atoms

C. 3.84 x 10^24 atoms

D. 4.38 x 10^24 atoms


404. How many grams are there in 4.57 x 10^21 amu?

A. 6.95 x 10^-3 g

B. 5.45 x 10^-3 g

C. 5.96 x 10^-3 g

D. 7.59 x 10^-3 g
405. Calculate the number of moles of cobalt (Co) atom
in seven billion Co atoms?

A. 1.16 x 10^-14 moles

B. 1.61 x 10^-13 moles

C. 1.16 x 10^-13 moles

D. 1.43 x 10^-14 moles


406. Given 16.7 moles of gold (Au), how many grams
of Au are there? Atomic mass of Au is 197.0g.

A. 3.51 x 10^3 g

B. 3.29 x 10^3 g

C. 2.39 x 10^3 g

D. 3.76 x 10^3 g
407. Determine the mass in grams of a single atom of
Ge which has an atomic mass of 72.59.

A. 2.21 x 10^-22 g/Ge atom

B. 1.21 x 10^-22 g/Ge atom

C. 1.12 x 10^-22 g/Ge atom

D. 1.31 x 10^-22 g/Ge atom


408. Zinc (Zn) atom has atomic mass of 65.39.
Calculate the number of atoms present in 4.22 g of zinc
(Zn).

A. 3.75 x 10^22 Zn atoms

B. 3.93 x 10^22 Zn atoms

C. 3.89 x 10^22 Zn atoms

D. 4.04 x 10^22 Zn atoms

409. Calculate for the number of molecules of ethane


(C2H6) present in 0.431 g of C2H6. (C atomic mass =
12.01g; H atomic mass = 1.008 g)

A. 8.63 x 10^21 C2H6 molecules

B. 8.75 x 10^21 C2H6 molecules

C. 7.69 x 10^21 C2H6 molecules

D. 9.13 x 10^21 C2H6 molecules


410. How many oxygen (O) atoms are there in 2.31 x
10^4 g of urea [(NH2)2CO]. Given molar mass of urea is
60.062g.

A. 2.43 x 10^26 atoms

B. 2.12 x 10^26 atoms

C. 2.32 x 10^26 atoms

D. 2.52 x 10^26 atoms


411. How many water molecules are present in 5.34
mL of water at a temperature of 4oC, which the density
of water at this temperature is 1.00 g/mL? Atomic
masses of H and O are 1.008 g and 16.00 g
respectively.

A. 1.84 x 10^23 molecules

B. 1.78 x 10^23 molecules

C. 1.74 x 10^23 molecules

D. 1.87 x 10^23 molecules


412. Which of the following is the molecular formula of
peroxyacylnitrate (PAN), one of the components of
smog, and is a compound of C, H, N, O, with percent
composition by mass: 19.8% C, 2.5% H, 11.6% N.
Given that its molar mass is about 120 g. ( Atomic
masses: C = 12.01g; H = 1.008g; N = 14.01g; O =
16.00g).

A. C2H3NO2

B. C2H5NO3

C. C4H6N2O10

D. C2H3NO5
413. Calculate the molecular mass of methanol (CH4O),
given the atomic masses of C = 12.01 g, H = 1.008 g
and O = 16 g.

A. 29.018 amu

B. 34.241 amu

C. 32.042 amu

D. 30.026 amu
414. How many moles of chloroform (CHCl3) are there
in 210.45 g of chloroform? C = 12.01 amu, H = 1.008
amu and Cl = 35.45 amu.

A. 1.76 CHCl3 moles

amu, S = 32.07 amu, S = 32.07 amu and O = 16.00


amu.

A. 62.25 %

B. 63.34 %

C. 64.45 %

D. 65.25 %
417. If atomic masses of Al and O are 26.98 amu and
16.00 amu, respectively, how many grams of Al are
there in 431g of Al2O3?

A. 228 g

B. 215 g

C. 237 g

D. 114 g
418. Which is the molecular formula of a sample of a
compound containing 6.444 g of boron (B) and 1.803 g
of hydrogen (H)? The compound has a molar mass of
about 30 g. Given boron (B) has 10.81 amu and
hydrogen (H) has 1.008 amu.

A. B2H3

B. BH

C. B2H6

D. BH3
419. The atomic masses of carbon, hydrogen, and
oxygen are 12.01g, 1.008g, and 16g respectively.
Calculate the molarity of a 90-mL ethanol (C2H5OH)
solution which contains 2.15 g of ethanol.

A. 0.52 M

B. 0.25 M

C. 0.61 M

D. 0.44 M
420. Determine the volume in mL of stock solution that
must be diluted to produce 3.00 x 10^2 mL of 0.856 M
NaOH solution, starting with a 5.27 M stock solution?

A. 47.8 mL

B. 48.7 mL

C. 51.2 mL

D. 48.1 mL
421. Bromine (Br) and Silver has atomic masses of
79.90g and 107.9g, respectively. In a certain
experiment, a sample of 0.3320g of an ionic compound
containing the bromide ion (BrI) is dissolved in water
and treated with an excess of AgNO3 if the mass of the
AgBr precipitate that forms is 0.734 g, calculate the
percent by mass of Br in the original compound?

A. 42.55 %

B. 2.12 CHCl3 moles

B. 49.70 %

C. 4.34 CHCl3 moles

C. 84.10 %

D. 2.51 CHCl3 moles


415. The atomic masses of carbon, hydrogen, and
oxygen are 12.07g, 1.008g and 16.00g respectively.
Calculate the number of C atoms present in 84.5 g of
isopropanol (rubbing alcohol), C3H8O?

A. 2.88 x 1024 C atoms

B. 3.72 x 1024 C atoms

C. 2.54 x 1024 C atoms

D. 2.00 x 1024 C atoms


416. What is the percent composition by mass of
oxygen (O) element in sulfuric acid (H2SO4)? H = 1.008

D. 94.07 %
422. Solve for the volume occupied by 3.12 moles of
nitric oxide (NO) which exerts 5.43 atm of pressure at a
temperature of 82oC.

A. 16.75 L

B. 13.84 L

C. 15.76 L

D. 16.48 L
423. Calculate the volume occupied by 50.6 g of HCl at
STP. H = 1.008 amu and Cl = 35.45 amu.

A. 83.2 L

B. 31.1 L

C. 27.4 L

D. 1.38 L
424. Calculate the final pressure if a sample of a
certain gas is cooled from 34oC to -73oC, with an initial
pressure of 1.45 atm.

A. 1.42 atm

B. 3.11 atm

C. 0.94 atm

D. 1.63 atm
425. An 867-mL sample of chlorine gas exerts a
pressure of 738 mmHg. Determine the pressure of the
gas if the volume is reduced to 321 mL at constant
temperature.

A. 1.99 x 103 mm Hg

B. 2.73 x 103 mm Hg

C. 1.21 x 103 mm Hg

D. 2.13 x 103 mm Hg
426. Determine the final pressure of a gas, initially at
3.0 L, 2.2 atm, and 72oC, which undergoes a change so
that its final volume and temperature are 0.9 L and
41oC.

A. 7.66 atm

B. 6.67 atm

C. 4.18 atm

D. 5.73 atm
427. Calculate the density of uranium hexafluoride
(UF6) with pressure of 697 mmHg at 57oC temperature.
Atomic masses: U = 238 g; F = 19 g.

A. 90.55 g/L

B. 52.42 g/L

C. 68.98 g/L

D. 11.92 g/L
428. Calculate the molar mass of a certain gaseous
organic compound having a density of 0.00356 g/mL at
2.12 atm and 45oC.

A. 6.20 g/mol

B. 42.84 g/mol

C. 0.043 g/mol

D. 4.384 g/mol
429. Determine the molecular formula of a gaseous
compound which is 78.14% boron and 21.86% H. At a
temperature of 27oC, 33.2864-mL of the gas exerted a
pressure of 2.5 atm, and the mass of the gas was
0.0934g. B = 10.81 amu and H = 1.008 amu.

A. BH2

B. BH3

C. B2H6

D. BH3
430. The atomic mass of chlorine is 35.45 g. What is
the root-mean-square of molecular chlorine in m/s at
31oC?

A. 104 m/s

B. 10 m/s

C. 327 m/s

D. 193 m/s

431. Assuming there is no change in volume,


determine the molarity of the acid solution if a 3.12-L
sample of hydrogen chloride gas at 2.57 atm and
27.5oC, which is completely dissolved in a 700 mL of
water to form hydrochloric acid solution.

A. 0.644 M

B. 0.000464 M

C. 0.464 M

D. 0.0464 M
432. A certain sample of natural gas contains 0.377
mole of ethane (C2H6), 7.48 moles of methane (CH4),
and 0.134 mole of propane (C3H8). Calculate the partial
pressure of propane gas, if the total pressure of the
gases is 1.79 atm.

A. 1.68 atm

B. 0.084 atm

C. 0.94 atm

D. 0.03 atm
433. A 2.102g of methanol (CH3OH) was burned in a
constant-volume bomb calorimeter. Consequently, the
temperature of the water was rose by 5.13oC. Solve for
the molar heat of combustion of methanol, if the heat
capacity of the bomb plus water was 11.8 kJ/oC. Carbon
has 12.01 amu, hydrogen has 1.008 amu and oxygen
has 16.00 amu.

A. 922.75 kJ/mol

B. - 922.75 kJ/mol

C. 60.534 kJ/mol

D. - 28.79 kJ/mol
434. Caffeine (C8H10N4O2) is a stimulant found in tea
and coffee. What is its empirical formula?

A. C4H5N2O

B. C5H3NO2

C. C2H6NO3

D. C8H10N4O2
435. Calculate the mass of a piece of platinum metal
with a density of 34.1 g/cm3 and has a volume of 5.2
cm3.

A. 17.732 g

B. 1773.2 g

C. 177.32 g

D. 1.7732 g
436. Calculate the number of molecules of oxygen gas
present in 1.5 L of air at STP. Assuming that air
contains 31% O2, 67% N2 and 2% Ar, all by volume.

A. 1.87 x 10^23 molecules

B. 4.18 x 10^24 molecules

C. 2.81 x 10^23 molecules

D. 1.25 x 10^22 molecules


437. Calculate the mass of F in grams in 31.2 g of the
compound Tin (II) fluoride (SnF2), which is often added
to toothpaste as an ingredient for the prevention of
tooth decay. Tin = 118.7 amu and Flourine = 19.00
amu.

A. 3.78 g

B. 7.57 g

C. 4.30 g

D. 8.61 g

438. Which of the following is the molar mass of the


gas at 752 torr and 41oC? Ten grams of a gas occupy a
volume of 5.12 L.

A. 51 g/mol

B. 1.96 g/mol

C. 149 g/mol

D. 1144 g/mol
439. Determine the pressure exerted by hydrogen
bromide (HBr) gas having a density of 2.978 g/L at a
temperature of 46oC. Hydrogen and bromine has
atomic masses of 1.008g and 79.9 g, respectively.

A. 73 mm Hg

B. Roasting

C. Smelting

D. Froth flotation process


447. Which of the following does not change with
change in temperature?

A. volume

B. mass

C. pressure

D. density
448. A device used to measure density.

A. manometer

B. 106 mm Hg

B. hydrometer

C. 733 mm Hg

C. spectrometer

D. 0.964 mm Hg
440. How many grams of mercury (Hg = 200.6 amu)
are there in 7.18 moles?

A. 0.036 g

D. densimeter
449. The statement mass is neither created nor
destroyed in a chemical reaction is known as:

A. The law of conservation of mass

B. 1440 g

B. The law of constant composition

C. 312 g

C. The law of multiple proportions

D. 1004 g
441. An instrument that separates particles of different
isotopic composition and measure their individual
relative masses.

A. mass spectrometer

D. The law of chemical reaction


450. What kind of chemical bond will form in binary
compounds where the electronegativity difference
between atoms is greater than 2.0

A. Ionic Bond

B. barometer

B. Covalent Bond

C. hygrometer

C. Metallic Bond

D. hydrometer
442. These are compounds containing water molecules
loosely bound to the other components.

A. isotope

B. hydrates

C. ion

D. mixture
443. If a more active element replaces a less active
one in a compound, the reaction is:

A. combustion reactions

B. replacement reactions

C. metathesis

D. neutralization
444. If a single reactant is transformed by heat or
electricity into two or more products, the type of
reaction is

A. decomposition

B. combination

C. displacement

D. double displacement
445. The numerical value for standard pressure of any
gas is

A. 76 mm Hg

B. 760 cm Hg

C. 760 mm Hg

D. 7.6 cm Hg
446. Any process extracting the metal in a fused state
is called

A. Calcination

D. Chemical Bond
451. What kind of chemical bond will form in binary
compounds where the electronegativity difference
between atoms is less than 1.5?

A. Covalent Bond

B. Ionic Bond

C. Metallic Bond

D. Chemical Bond
452. The element which has a mass of about 9 amu is
Berylium (Be), atomic number 4. What is the charge on
the Be atom?

A. +4

B. +8

C. -4

D. Neutral
453. The horizontal arrangement of elements of
increasing atomic number in a Periodic table is called:

A. period

B. group

C. family

D. row
454. Compounds which contain only carbon and
hydrogen are called

A. polymorphs

B. hydrocarbons

C. polycarbon

D. plastics
455. The property of liquid which describes their
resistance to flow is called

A. viscosity

B. elasticity

C. glueyness

D. stickiness
456. In oxidation-reduction or redox reactions the
component receiving the electrons is called

A. reductant

B. reducing agent

C. oxidant

D. acceptor
457. The mass that enters into a chemical reaction
remains the unchanged as a result of the reaction. In
precise form: mass is neither created nor destroyed.
This is known as:

A. the law of conservation of mass

464. The number of protons in the nucleus of an atom


is called

A. atomic number

B. percent abundance

C. atomic weight

D. oxidation number
465. The measure of the resistance of an object to a
changed in its state of Motion is called

A. momentum

B. mass

C. inertia

D. velocity
466. Refers to the agreement of a particular value with
the true value.

A. precision

B. the law of definite proportion

B. error

C. the law of multiple proportion

C. tolerance

D. law of conservation of energy


458. When the same elements can form two different
two compounds, the ratio of masses of one of the
elements in the two compounds is a small whole
number relative to a given mass of the other element.
This is known as:

A. The law of constant composition

B. The law of conservation of mass

C. The law of multiple proportion

D. The law of conservation of energy


459. The ratio of density of the test liquid to the
density of a reference Liquid is called:

A. specific gravity

B. relative gravity

C. specific weight

D. relative weight
460. How many electrons are there in a covalent bond?

A. 3

B. 2

C. 4

D. 8
461. The SI unit of temperature is

A. Fahrenheit

D. accuracy
467. Refers to the degree of arrangement among
several measurements of the same quantity.

A. accuracy

B. precision

C. error

D. margin
468. A property of matter that is often used by chemist
as an identification tag for a substance.

A. mass

B. molarity

C. density

D. volume
469. Protons and neutrons can be broken down further
into elementary particles called

A. quarks

B. ions

C. isotope

D. warks
470. The principle of the constant composition of
compounds, originally called Prousts Law is now
known as

A. The law of multiple proportion

B. Kelvin

B. The law of definite proportion

C. Celsius

C. The law of conservation of mass

D. Rankine
462. The elements that a compound is composed of
are present in fixed and precise proportion by mass.
This is known as:

A. the law of constant composition

B. the law of conservation of mass

C. the law of multiple proportion

D. law of conservation of energy


463. The mass to the nearest atomic-mass unit of an
atom which contains 9 protons and 10 neutrons.

A. 10 amu

B. 19 amu

C. 15 amu

D. 21 amu

D. The law of compounds


471. The mass of an alpha a particle is how many
times more than that of the Electron?

A. 1837 times

B. 7300 times

C. 1829 times

D. 1567 times
472. Atoms with the same number of protons but
different number of neutrons are called

A. ions

B. quarks

C. isotopes

D. compounds

473. The forces that hold atoms together are called

A. mechanical bond

B. formula bond

C. atomic bind

D. chemical bond
474. An atom or group of atoms that has a net positive
or negative charge is called

A. ion

B. isotope

C. positron

D. polymer
475. A positive ion is called

A. positron

B. anion

C. cation

484. Atoms or ions which have the same electronic


configuration

A. isoelectronic B. isometric

C. iso-ionic
D. isotope
485. Which group of the periodic table is known as the
alkali metals?

A. Group 1
B. Group 2

C. Group 3
D. Group 4
486. Which group of the periodic table is known as the
halogens?

A. Group 4
B. Group 5

C. Group 6

D. Group 7

D. quark
476. A negative ion is called

A. positron

B. anion

C. cation

D. quark
477. The force of attraction between oppositely
charged ions is called

A. ionic bonding

B. covalent bonding

C. polar bonding

D. metallic bonding
478. The horizontal arrangement of elements of
increasing atomic in a periodic table is called

A. group
B. period

C. series
D. row
479. The vertical arrangement of elements in the
periodic table is called

A. period
B. group

C. series
D. column
480. If the number of gas molecule is doubled in a
certain volume of a gas the pressure

A. is decreased to half B. is doubled

C. is increased to four times

D. remains unchanged
481. A symbolic representation to emphasize the
valence shell of an atom is called

A. argand diagram
B. constellation
diagram

C. electron dot diagram D. structural formula


482. For which elements do the number of electrons in
their outer or valence shell correspond to their group
number?

A. transition group
B. noble gas

C. representative or main group

D. metals
483. What is the maximum number of electrons that
can fit into a p orbital?

A. 2
B. 4

C. 6

D. 8

CHEMISTRY 601-700
601. The temperature at which mercury starts to freeze
is 35C. What is the temperature in degrees Fahrenheit
at which a mercury cannot be used?

a. -63F
b. -35F

c. -31F
d. -5.4F
602. A piece of stone weighs 0.05 pounds. When it is
submerged in a graduated cylinder containing 50 ml of
H2O, the level rose to 60 ml. What is the density of the
stone in g/ml?

a. 2.27
b. 2.72

c. 7.22
d. 7.27
603. A swimming pool 25 m wide, 100m long and 3m
deep is filled with water up to a height of 2 m. How
many kilograms of water have been placed inside the
pool?
(The density of water is 100 kg/m3.)

a. 5 million
b. 7.5 million


c. 10 million
d. 12.5 million
604. Which of the following is not an example a
compound?

a. sugar
b. salt

c. ash
d. water
605. If two pure substances have different melting
points, then

a. the two substances will surely have different


densities

b. the two samples are certainly different pure


substances

c. the two substances are certain to have


identical chemical formulas

d. the two substances are certain to be


compounds and not elements
606. Which of the following is a compound?

a. water
b. wine

c. soil
d. mercury
607. Which of the following processes is an example of
a chemical change?

a. evaporation of seawater to form salt

b. melting of an ice cube

c. filtering of paper pulp from a liquid slurry


using a sleve tray

d. rusting of iron
608. We know that air is a Homogeneous mixture and
not a compound because

a. it has no definite shape

b. it has no definite volume

c. it can be compressed

d. its composition can vary


609. What do you call a substance that is composed of
two or more elements bounded chemically?

a. an isotope
b. an element

c. a compound d. a mixture
610. Which of the following examples is a physical
change?

a. crystallization of sugar from sugar can juice

b. fermenting of ethanol to form wine

c. burning of a piece of candle

d. clotting of blood
611. Which of the following cannot be further
decomposed by ordinary chemical means?

a. water
b. sugar

c. air
d. silver
612. Which of the following is not a manifestation of a
chemical change?

a. reaction of a compound and an element to


form a new compound and an element

b. breaking down of compound into elements

c. combining of atoms of elements to form a


molecule

d. separation of the molecules in a mixture


613. What do you call a nuclear reaction resulting from
the interaction of two nuclei to form a bigger nucleus
and an accompanying release of energy?

a. nuclear fission
b. alpha emission

c. nuclear fusion
d. natural radioactive
decay
614. Which of the following materials cannot be
subjected to carbon dating to determine age?

a. a trunk of wood

b. a sword

c. a smear of blood on a piece of cloth

d. an ancient Egyptian scroll


615. What law states that the pressure of a gas is
directly proportional to its absolute temperature at
constant volume?

a. Charles law b. Gay-Lussacs Law

c. Boyles Law d. Daltons Law


616. To what conditions does a gas behave like an ideal
gas?

a. low temperature and low pressure

b. low temperature and high pressure

c. high temperature and low pressure

d. high temperature and high pressure


617. What Law states that the pressure of gas is
inversely proportional to its volume at constant
temperature?

a. Charles law b. Gay-Lussacs Law

c. Boyles Law d. Daltons Law


618. Which gas diffuses faster?

a. CH4
b. O2

c. CO
d. He
619. Which of the following best describes heat?

a. The capacity to do work

b. Forces times distances

c. Sum of thermal and chemical energy

d. An energy transfer due to temperature


difference
620. What happens to water when it begins to
vaporize?

a. it increases in temperature

b. it decreases in temperature

c. no change in temperature

d. no change in thermal energy


621. Burning of Gasoline initially requires heat before it
burns spontaneously. Which of the following does not
give a good explanation of this phenomenon?

a. the initial heat rises the enthalpy of the


reactant

b. the initial heat lowers the activation of


energy of the reactants

c. the enthalpy of reactants is lower than the


enthalpy of products.

d. The enthalpy of the product is lower than the


enthalpy of the reactant
622. Which of the following is an endothermic process?

a. melting of ice

b. burning of paper

c. neutralization of a strong acid and a strong


base
d. violent reaction of sodium metal with water

623. Which of the following events is heat exchange


involved?

a. when there is a phase change

b. when there is a chemical reaction

c. when the gas expands adiabatically

d. when there is difference in temperature


624. Who first predicted the wave-particle dual
property of electrons?

a. Hund
b. Heisenberg

c. De Broglie
d. Schrodinger
625. Who postulated the wave equation that describes
the properties of electrons in an atom?

a. Bohr
b. Heisenberg

c. Pauli
d. Schrodinger
626. Atoms of nonmetals generally reacts with a toms
of metals by

a. gaining electrons to form ionic compounds

632. Which is not true of bases?

a. they always contain OH ions

b. they neutralize acid

c. the PH of their solution is greater than 7

d. they react with H3O ions


633. Organic Chemistry is the chemistry of compounds
containing the element

a. hydrogen
b. carbon

c. oxygen
d. nitrogen
634. What is the mass in grams of 1 liter of carbon
monoxide (CO), at standard temperature and pressure
(STP)? Note: the molecular weight (MW) of CO is 28
g/mole, and at STP, ! mole of any gas occupies a
volume of 22.4 liters.

a. 1.20
b. 1.35

c. 1.45
d. 1.25
635. Two thirds of the atom in a molecule of water is
Hydrogen. What Percentage weight of a water
molecule if the weight of two hydrogen atoms? The
atomic weight of hydrogen is 1.008 g/mol and oxygen
is 16.00 g/mole.

a. 19.12
b. 11.19

c. 19.11
d. 12.19
636. How many protons (P) and neutrons are there in
the nucleus are present in a Pb nucleus of atomic mass
of 206?

a. P = 92, N = 156
b. P = 85, N = 160

b. gaining electrons to form covalent


compounds
c. sharing electrons to form ionic compounds

d. sharing electrons to form covalent


compounds.
627. The addition of a nonvolatile solute to a solvent
will cause

a. the vapor pressure of the solvent to increase


b. the vapor pressure of the solvent to
decrease

c. the vapor pressure of the solvent to remain


unchanged

d. none of these
628. Which of the following factors does not affect the
rate of reaction?

a. the number of products formed

b. the nature of reactants

c. temperature

d. concentration of reactants
629. Which of the following statements about the
catalyst is not true?

a. they may slow down the reaction

b. they may speed up the reaction

c. they are present in living substances

d. they may become new substances after the


reaction
630. Which of the following statements about
equilibrium is TRUE?

a. it exists in a closed system at varying


temperature

b. it exists in an open system

c. it exists between a liquid and its vapor in a


closed system at uniform temperature

d. it may exist between a solid and a liquid.


631. According to the Bronsted-Lowry theory, an acid is

a. a proton donor

b. a proton acceptor

c. a proton donor and a proton acceptor

d. neither a proton donor nor a proton acceptor

c. P = 82. N = 124
d. P = 90. N = 150
637. A 0.064 kg of octane vapor (MW = 114) is mixed
with0.91 kg of air (MW = 29.0) in the manifold of an
Engine. The total pressure in the manifold is 86.1 kPa,
and a temperature is 290 K. assume octane behaves
ideally. What is the partial pressure of the air in the
mixture in KPa?

a. 46.8
b. 48.6

c. 84.6
d. 64.8
638. Hydrogen Peroxide solution for hair bleaching is
usually prepared mixing 5 grams of hydrogen peroxide
(H202). Molecular weight = 34g/ mole) per 100 ml
solution. What is the molarity of this solution?

a. 1.0 M
b. 1.5 M

c. 1.95 M
d. 1.8 M
639. A cylinder contains oxygen at a pressure of 10
atm and a temperature of 300 K. The volume of the
cylinder is 10 liters. What is the mass of the oxygen in
grams? Molecular weight (MW) of oxygen is 32 g/mole?

a. 125.02
b. 130.08

c. 135.05
d. 120.04
640. The molecular diameter of CO is 3.10 x 10-8 at
300K and pressure of 100 mmHg. What is the mean
free path of the gas in cm?

a. 6.86 x 10-3 b. 6.86 x 10-5

c. 2.86 x 10-4
d. 6.86 x 10-9
641. How many moles are there in one atom?

a. 3.6 x 10-23
b. 1.66 x 10-24

c. 2.86 x 10-4
d. 6.86 x 10-9
642. What is equivalent weight of Sulfuric Acid?

a. 49
b. 98

c. 23

d. 100

643. What type of bond results in form the sharing of


electrons by two atoms?

a. atomic bond b. covalent bond

c. metallic bondd. ionic bond


644. What do you call a substance that disassociates in
solutions to produce positive and negative ions?

a. base
b. acid

c. electrolyte d. solute
645. During the complete or partial neutralization of
acids. What is the ionic compound formed?

a. salt
b. sugar

c. potassium
d. sulfur
646. Which of the following are found in the nucleus of
an atom?

a. electrons and protons


b. electrons
and neutrons

c. protons and neutronsd. electrons, protons


and neutrons
647. Which of the following elements and compounds
is unstable in its pure form?

a. Helium
b. Neon

c. Carbon Dioxide
d. Sodium
648. What refers to the negatively charge component
of an atom?

a. electron
b. proton

c. neutron
d. ion
649. What element is known as the lightest metal?

a. Aluminum
b. Manganese

c. Magnesium
d. Lithium
650. Halogens fall under what group in the periodic
table?

a. group VIA
b. group VA

c. group IVA

d. group VIIA

651. Which of the following is added to the drinking


water distribution system for disinfection?

a. Soda Ash
b. Chlorine

c. Lime
d. Iodine
652. What refers to the number of gram equivalent
weights of solute per liter of solution?

a. molarity
b. normality

c. molality
d. formality
653. It is the attraction between like molecules

a. absorption b. diffusion

c. adhesion
d. cohesion
654. What do you call a substance that cannot be
decomposed any further by a chemical reaction?

a. ion
b. element

c. molecule
d. atom
655. Which of the following is the strongest type of
bonds?

a. Van de Waalsb. Metallic

c. Covalent
d. Ionic
656. Sublimation is direct change from

a. Solid to liquid phase

b. Solid to gaseous phase

c. Liquid to gaseous phase

d. None of the following


657. What do you call hydrocarbons containing
carbon to carbon double bonds?

a. Alkanes
b. Alkenes

c. Alkynes
d. None of these
658. How are materials containing atoms with less
than valence electrons classified?

a. An insulator b. A semi conductor

c. A conductor d. A compound
659. Which of the following has the characteristics
of both metals and non-metals?

a. conductors b. insulators

c. metalloids
d. meteors
660. How are elements numbered 58 to 71 in the
periodic table called?

a. Lanthanons b. Actinons

c. Earth metals d. Noble gas


661. What type of bonding in which electrostatic
attraction is predominant?

a. Ionic bonding
b. Metallic
bonding

c. Covalent bonding
d. Van der Waals
bonding
662. What term refers to the passage of an electric
current by way of an oxidation reduction reaction?

a. electrolysis b. electrochemical action

c. electrolyte d. piezoelectric effect


663. When all atoms of a molecule are the same,
the substance is called

a. A compound b. A chemical

c. An element d. An ion
664. Which of the following refers to the measure
of the amount of negative ions in the water?

a. acidity
b. alkalinity

c. turbidity
d. molarity
665. What device produces electrical current by
way of an oxidation-reduction reaction?

a. generator
b. galvanic cell

c. metallic friction
d. all of these
666. What is the maximum number of electrons
that can be accommodated in the valence shell of
an atom?

a. 6
b. 8

c. 10
d. 12
667. Which component of an atom has no electric
charge?

a. proton
b. neutron

c. coulomb
d. electron
668. What is formed when acids will react with
active metals?

a. sulfur
b. oxygen

c. hydrogen
d. Chloride
669. How much is the pH content of an acid?

a. Between 4 and 6
b. Between 2 and 7

c. Between 1 and 5

d. Between 0 and 7

670. The condition of a liquid electrolyte is


measured in terms of its:

a. Specific gravity
b. Acid content

a. molecule

b. element

c. particle
d. atom
684. The opposite of alkali

a. acid
b. fluid

c. solvent
d. catalyst
672. How are the elements numbered 90 to 103 in
the periodic table called?

a. alkali
b. actinons

c. substance
d. none of these
685. What do you call the electrons in the last orbit
or shell of an atom?

a. Bound electrons
b. Free
electrons

c. Valence electrons
d. External electrons
686. Which one is a positively charged ion?

a. anion
b. cathode

c. earth metals d. transition metals


673. What is defined as a value equal to the
number of gram moles of solute per 1000 grams of
solvent?

a. molari
ty
b. molality

c. anode
d. cation
687. It is the number of protons in the nucleus of
an atom

a. Molecular number

b. Proton number

c. normality
d. formality
674. Which of the following is NOT a part of an
atom?

a. electron
b. proton

c. Mass number

c. Voltage output
d. Current
value
671. What is the substance that speeds up a
chemical reaction without itself undergoing a
chemical change?

a. ingredients
b. reactants

c. neutron
d. coulomb
675. An element maybe defines a substance, all
atoms of which have the same:

a. Number of neutrons b. radioactivity

c. atomic weight
d. atomic
number
676. How does all B families and group VII in the
periodic table named?

a. Light metals b. Rare earth metals

c. Non-metals d. Transition metals


677. The device which measures the acid content
of the cell is called

a. Acid meter b. hydrometer

c. hygrometer d. pyrometer
678. The vertical columns of the periodic table are
called:

a. Groups
b. Sections

c. Batches
d. Families
679. What term is used to refer to a negatively
charged ion?

a. Anion
b. Cathode

c. Anode
d. Cation
680. In copper atom, the valence ring contains:

a. No electrons b. One electron

c. Two electronsd. Four electrons


681. The elements along the dark line in the
periodic table are referred to as

a. Light metals b. Metalloids

c. Non-metals d. Heavy metals


682. What do you call an atom that losses some of
its electrons or accepts extra electrons from
another atom.

a. Intrinsic
b. mole

c. Neutron
d. Ion
683. What is the smallest part of matter?

d. Atomic Number
688. Hydrogen Peroxide solution for hair bleaching
is usually prepared mixing 5 grams of hydrogen
peroxide (H202). Molecular weight = 34g/ mole)
per 100 ml solution. What is the molarity of this
solution?

a. 1.0 M
b. 1.5 M

c. 1.95 M
d. 1.8 M
689. A cylinder contains oxygen at a pressure of 10
atm and a temperature of 300 K. The volume of the
cylinder is 10 liters. What is the mass of the
oxygen in grams?
Molecular weight (MW) of oxygen is 32g/mole?

a. 125.02
b. 130.08

c. 135.05
d. 120.04
690. The molecular diameter of CO is 3.10 x 10-8 at
300K and pressure of 100mmHg. What is the mean
free path of the gas in cm?

a. 6.86 x 10-3 b. 6.86 x 10-5

c. 2.86 x 10-4
d. 6.86 x 10-9
691. The electrolyte is the solution of water and

a. Sulfuric acid b. Uric acid

c. Nitric acid
d. Formic acid
692. Which of the following refers to a measure of
the quantity of an element or compound?

a. Oxidation number
b. Atomic number

c. Avogadros number d. Mole


693. Acids will turn blue lithmus paper to what
color?

a. gray
b. yellow

c. violet
d. red
694. What do you call a substance that
disassociates in solutions to produce positive and
negative ions?

a. base

b. acid

c. electrolyte

d. solute

695. During the complete or partial neutralization


of acids. What is the ionic compound formed?

a. salt

b. sugar

c. potassium

d. sulfur
696. Which of the following are found in the
nucleus of an atom?

a. electrons and protons

b. electrons and neutrons

c. protons and neutrons

d. electrons, protons and neutrons


697. Which of the following elements and
compounds is unstable in its pure form?

a. Helium
b. Neon

c. Carbon Dioxide
d. Sodium
698. What refers to the negatively charge
component of an atom?

a. electron
b. proton

c. neutron
d. ion
699. What element is known as the lightest metal?

a. Aluminum
b. Manganese

c. Magnesium
d. Lithium
700. Halogens fall under what group in the periodic
table?

a. group VIA

b. group VA

c. group IVA

d. group VII

CHEMISTRY 601-700 ANSWER KEY


601. -31F
602. 2.27
603. million
604. ash
605. the two samples are certainly different pure
substances
606. water
607. rusting of iron
608. its composition can vary
609. a compound
610. crystallization of sugar from sugar can juice
611. silver
612. separation of the molecules in a mixture
613. nuclear fusion
614. a sword
615. Gay-Lussacs Law
616. high temperature and low pressure
617. Boyles Law
618. He
619. An energy transfer due to temperature
difference
620. no change in temperature
621. the enthalpy of reactants is lower than the
enthalpy of products.
622. melting of ice

623. when the gas expands adiabatically


624. De Broglie
625. Schrodinger
626. gaining electrons to form ionic compounds
627. the vapor pressure of the solvent to decrease
628. the number of products formed
629. they may become new substances after the
reaction
630. it exists between a liquid and its vapor in a
closed system at uniform temperature
631. a proton donor
632. they always contain OH ions
633. carbon
634. 1.25
635. 11.19
636. P = 82. N = 124
637. 84.6
638. 1.5 M
639. 130.08 {(10atm)(10)(32)/(0.0821)(300K)}
640. 6.86 x 10-9
641. 1.66 x 10-24
642. 49
643. covalent bond
644. electrolyte
645. salt
646. protons and neutrons
647. Sodium
648. electron
649. Lithium
650. group VIIA

651.
652.
653.
654.
655.
656.
657.
658.
659.
660.
661.
662.
663.
664.
665.
666.
667.

Chlorine
normality
cohesion
element
Covalent
Solid to gaseous phase
Alkenes
A conductor
metalloids
Lanthanons
Ionic bonding
electrolysis
A compound
alkalinity
galvanic cell
8
neutron

668.
669.
670.
671.
672.
673.
674.
675.
676.
677.
678.
679.
680.
681.
682.
683.
684.
685.
686.
687.
688.
689.
690.
691.
692.
693.
694.
695.
696.
697.
698.
699.
700.

hydrogen
Between 0 and 7
Specific gravity
catalyst
actinons
molarity
coulomb
atomic number
Transition metals
hydrometer
Groups
Anion
One electron
Metalloids
Ion
atom
acid
Valence electrons
cation
Atomic Number
1.5 M
130.08 {(10atm)(10)(32)/(0.0821)(300K)}
6.86 x 10-9
Sulfuric acid
Mole
red
electrolyte
salt
protons and neutrons
Sodium
electron
Lithium
group VIIA

CHEMISTRY 401-500 ANSWER KEY


401. 3.71 x 10^-4 g/cm3
402. 3.85 moles
403. 3.84 x 10^24 atoms
404. 7.59 x 10^-3 g
405. 1.16 x 10^-14 moles
406. 3.29 x 10^3 g
407. 1.21 x 10^-22 g/Ge atom
408. 3.89 x 10^22 Zn atoms
409. 8.63 x 10^21 C2H6 molecules
410. 2.32 x 10^26 atoms
411. 1.78 x 10^23 molecules
412. C2H3NO5
413. 32.042 amu

414.
415.
416.
417.
418.
419.
420.
421.
422.
423.
424.
425.
426.
427.
428.
429.
430.
431.
432.
433.
434.
435.
436.
437.
438.
439.
440.
441.
442.
443.
444.
445.
446.
447.
448.
449.
450.

1.76 CHCl3 moles


2.54 x 1024 C atoms
65.25 %
228 g
B2H6
0.52 M
48.7 mL
94.07 %
16.75 L
31.1 L
0.94 atm
1.99 x 103 mm Hg
6.67 atm
11.92 g/L
42.84 g/mol
B2H6
327 m/s
0.464 M
0.03 atm
- 922.75 kJ/mol
C4H5N2O
177.32 g
1.25 x 10^22 molecules
7.57 g
51 g/mol
733 mm Hg
1440 g
mass spectrometer
hydrates
replacement reactions
decomposition
760 mm Hg
Smelting
mass
hydrometer
The law of conservation of mass
Ionic Bond

451.
452.
453.
454.
455.
456.
457.
458.
459.
460.

Covalent Bond
Neutral
period
hydrocarbons
viscosity
oxidant
the law of conservation of mass
The law of multiple proportion
specific gravity
2

461.
462.
463.
464.
465.
466.
467.
468.
469.
470.
471.
472.
473.
474.
475.
476.
477.
478.
479.
480.
481.
482.
483.
484.
485.
486.

Kelvin
the law of constant composition
19 amu
atomic number
mass
accuracy
precision
density
quarks
The law of definite proportion
7300 times
isotopes
chemical bond
ion
cation
anion
ionic bonding
period
group
is doubled
electron dot diagram
representative or main group
6
isoelectronic
Group 1
Group 7

CHEMISTRY 501-600 ANSWER KEY


501.
502.
503.
504.
505.
506.
507.

palytoxin carboxylic acid (from Hawaiian coral)


aluminum
an acid mixture that dissolves gold
lead shot
Li2CO3
4
astatine

508. copper
509. it is yellow-green
510. carbon monoxide
511. luminous intensity
512. a mixture of sulfuric acid and hydrogen peroxide
513. a model that minimizes both error and effort
514. 1 to 3 kg
515. zirconium
516. a mixture of HF, BaSO4, and fluorides for etching
glass
517. Andr-Louis Debierne
518. van der Waals forces
519. Au
520. basic copper carbonate
521. chlorine
522. Cs
523. U. S. gold coins
524. arsenic trichloride
525. Ag
526. nuclei with a full shell of protons and a full shell of
neutrons
527. neodymium and praseodymium
528. A 22 femtogram graphite speck
529. strontium
530. purine
531. americium
532. explosiveness
533. burning iron particles
534. an intense allergic reaction to an otherwise
harmless organic compound
535. SiO2
536. more molecules are present in sunspots
537. O2F2
538. copper
539. chemiluminescent chemical reactions
540. an apparatus for distilling water
541. potassium sulfide
542. Aflatoxtin
543. francium
544. 1atom
545. fluorine
546. 20
547. has so many extra neutrons that additional ones
won't bind to it
548. silver
549. argon
550. A soft drink can

551. technetium
552. nitroglycerin
553. It was the 606th and first successful compound in
the search for a syphilis treatment.
554. hydrogen
555. an oscillating charged particle
556. decreases to 10/11 its original value
557. increases by 10 percent
558. the wavelength on the wire can take on only certain
values
559. shifts its color towards the red end of the spectrum
560. limits the number of electrons that can occupy an
orbital to 2.
561. diffraction
562. n = 6 to n = 4
563. an electron moving at1000 m/s
564. d orbitals are less penetrating than sand p orbitals
in the same shell.
565. n = 6, l = 0
566. 8
567. The second ionization energy of K
568. electron configuration
569. the charge on the nucleus experienced by an
electron when the shielding effect of other electrons is
accounted for
570. a tentative explanation for a natural phenomenon
571. Bacteria in the oysters may have caused the
illness.
572. Higher altitude means lower boiling points for
water, all other things held equal.
573. an experimental observation
574. a law
575. a description of a pattern or relationship in
experimental data
576. a compound of C, H, and O
577. a compound
578. heterogeneous mixture
579. a compound
580. heterogeneous mixture
581. When a certain soft metal is burned in oxygen, lime
is produced (with no other products).
582. temperature
583. total mg of caffeine
584. chemical or physical changes occur when the
property is measured
585. density
586. a physical, intensive property
587. dietary calories
588. volume
589. calories per serving
590. radius
591. why mass is conserved in chemical reactions
592. 14 times the mass of a hydrogen atom
593. atoms of a single element can have different
masses

594. 16 times the mass of a hydrogen atom


595. a rearrangement of atoms
596. simple whole number ratios (more than one
possible)
597. the weights of their atoms
598. hydrogen
599. 32
600. 9.6 x 10^18

1. What are found in the nucleus of an atom?

A. Electrons and Protons

B. Protons and Neutrons

C. Cations and Anions

D. Electrons and Neutrons


2. What is the negatively charged particle of an atom?

A. Electrons

B. Protons

C. Neutron

D. Molecule
3. What is the positively charged particle of an atom?

A. Electrons

B. Protons

C. Neutron

D. Molecule
4. What is the particle of an atom that has no electrical
charge?

A. Electrons

B. Protons

C. Neutron

D. Molecule
5. The word atom comes from Greek Atomos which
means what?

A. Extremely Small

B. Invisible

C. Indivisible

D. Microscopic
6. Who was the first person to propose that atoms have
weights?

A. Ernest Rutherford

B. Democritus

C. John Dalton

D. Joseph John Thomson


7. Who discovered the electron?

A. Joseph John Thomson

B. John Dalton

C. Humphrey Davy

D. Ernest Rutherford
8. Who discovered the proton?

A. Eugene Goldstein

B. Pierre Curie

C. Ernest Rutherford

D. Michael Faraday
9. Who discovered the neutron?

A. James Chadwick

B. Eugene Goldstein

C. Niels Bohr

D. Julius Lothar Meyer


10. What is anything that occupies space and has
mass?

A. Element

B. Ion

C. Matter

D. Molecule
11. All forms of matter are composed of the same
building blocks called______.

A. molecules

B. atom

C. elements

D. ions
12. How are substances classified?

A. Elements or Compounds

B. Metals or Non-metals

C. Acids or Bases

D. Homogeneous or Heterogeneous
13. What is a substance that cannot be broken down
into simpler substances?

A. Ion

B. Atom

C. Molecule

D. Element
14. What is the result from the combination, in definite
proportion of mass, of two or more elements?

A. Mixture

B. Compound

C. Substance

D. Chemical Reaction
15. How are mixtures classified?

A. Elements or Compounds

B. Metals, Nonmetals or Metalloids

C. Homogeneous or Heterogeneous

D. Suspension, Colloids or Solutions


16. The mixture of soil and water is an example of what
classification of a mixture?

A. Homogeneous

B. Suspension

C. Colloid

D. Solution
17. A very fine particle of soil when mixed to water will
form a cloudy mixture. How is this mixture classified?

A. Colloid

B. Suspension

C. Solution

D. Compound
18. The particles of sugar dispersed in water are so
small that a clear homogeneous mixture. What is this
homogeneous mixture called?

A. Colloid

B. Compound

C. Suspension

D. Solution
19. How are elements classified?

A. Metals, Nonmetals or Metalloids

B. Homogeneous or Heterogeneous

C. Suspension, Colloid, Solution

D. Quarks, Solids or Liquids


20. What are the three states of matter?

A. Solid, Liquid and Gas

B. Metals, Nonmetals and Metalloids

C. Suspension, Colloid and Solution

D. Quarks, Photons and Quasar


21. Compounds are mostly classified as:

A. Homogeneous and Heterogeneous

B. Acids and Bases

C. Gases, Liquids and Solids

D. Metals and Nonmetals


22. What is the property of metals that allow them to
be rolled without breaking?

A. Ductility

B. Malleability

C. Luster

D. Elasticity
23. What is the property of metals that reflects the
light that strikes their surfaces, making them appear
shiny?

A. Malleability

B. Ductility

C. Luster

D. Plasticity
24. Which of the following is NOT a property of metals?

A. Metals are neither malleable nor ductile.

B. Metals have high thermal conductivity.

C. Metals have high electrical conductivity.

D. Metals have more luster.


25. What are elements that have properties
intermediate between metals and nonmetals?

A. Gases

B. Solids

C. Liquids

D. Metalloids
26. Which of the following is NOT a property of acids?

A. Taste sour

B. Feel slippery on the skin

C. Turn litmus paper to red

D. Dissolve metals producing various salts and


hydrogen gas
27. Which of the following is NOT a property of bases?

A. Feel slippery on the skin

B. Turn litmus paper to blue

C. Taste bitter

D. Dissolve metals producing various salts and


hydrogen gas
28. An acid can react with base to produce a
__________.

A. hydrogen gas

A. intensive

B. salt

B. extensive

C. oxide

C. physical

D. hydroxide
29. Vinegar is a solution of water and what kind of
acid?

A. Phosphoric acid

B. Sulfuric acid

C. Nitric acid

D. Acetic acid
30. What acid is added to carbonated drinks to produce
a tart test?

A. Citric acid

B. Phosphoric acid

C. Sulfuric acid

D. Nitric acid
31. Table salt or sodium chloride may be formed by the
reaction of:

A. Hydrochloric acid and sodium bicarbonate

B. Sodium and chlorine

C. Hydrochloric acid and sodium carbonate

D. Hydrochloric acid and sodium hydroxide


32. What occurs when a substance is transformed into
another substance with a totally different composition
and properties?

A. Physical change

B. Chemical change

C. Catalyst

D. Chemical reaction
33. What occurs when a substance changes it
appearance without changing its composition?

A. Chemical reaction

B. Chemical change

C. Physical change

D. Catalyst
34. What is another term for chemical change?

A. Chemical reaction

B. Phase change

C. State change

D. Composition change
35. A material is said to be ______ if its composition and
properties are uniform throughout.

A. homogeneous

B. heterogeneous

C. pure substance

D. pure compound
36. A material is said to be ______ if its composition and
properties are not uniform throughout.

A. Un-pure

B. homogeneous

C. heterogeneous

D. malicable
37. The properties of a material that changes when the
amount of substance changes are called _______
properties.

D. chemical
38. The properties of a material that do not change
when the amount of substance changes are called
_______ properties.

A. intensive

B. extensive

C. chemical

D. physical
39. Which of the following is NOT an intensive property
of a material?

A. Color

B. Surface area

C. Melting point

D. Taste
40. Which of the following is NOT an extensive property
of a material?

A. Length

B. Volume

C. Density

D. Weight
41. When two or more elements form more than one
compound, the ratio of the masses of one element that
combine with a given mass of another element in the
different compounds is the ratio of small whole
numbers. This statement is known as:

A. Graham Law of diffusion

B. The uncertainty principle

C. Law of definite proportion

D. Law of multiple proportion


42. The masses of elements in a pure compound are
always in the same proportion. This statement is
known as ________.

A. Law of multiple proportion

B. Law of definite proportion

C. The periodic law

D. Daltons atomic theory


43. Who formulated the atomic theory?

A. John Dalton

B. Humphrey Davy

C. Henri Becquerel

D. Ernest Rutherford
44. Who revised the atomic theory by replacing the
hard, indestructible spheres imagined by Dalton and
proposed the raisin bread model of the atom?

A. Pierre Curie

B. Robert Andrews Millikan

C. Joseph John Thomson

D. Humphrey Davy
45. How does Joseph John Thomson call his model of
the atom?

A. Orbital model

B. Planetary model

C. Radioactive model


D. Plum-pudding model
46. The discovery of radioactivity further confirms the
existence of subatomic particles. Who discovered
radioactivity?

A. Henri Becquerel

B. Marie Curie

C. Pierre Curie

D. Niels Bohr
47. What is the common unit used to indicate the mass
of a particle?

A. Atomic mass unit (amu)

B. Charge unit

C. Coulomb

D. Gram
48. What is the unit for a charge of a particle?

A. Coulomb

B. Charge unit

C. Atomic mass unit

D. Lepton
49. What is the charge of an electron in coulomb?

A. -1.70217733 x 10^-19

B. -1.60217733 x 10^-19

C. -1.50217733 x 10^-19

D. -1.40217733 x 10^-19
50. What is the charge of an electron in charge unit?

A. 0

B. 1 +

C. 1

D. 0

Read more: http://www.pinoybix.com/2014/10/mcqs-ingeneral-chemistry-part1.html#ixzz4AhKvmRq8