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PART OF CALCS - SAMPLE

Job Ref.

1106

Project Title

MUNSTER BLACKWATER, BLACKROCK BRIDGE CULVERTS

Description

3.0x1.8 m CULVERT

National code

BS

Date
Author

22.08.2011
F.PETRUF Ing CEng MIEI

STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS FOR 3.0x1.8 m CULVERT


ONLY

CLIENT:
CUSTOMER:
PROJECT:
STRUCTURE:
ENGINEER:

THE OFFICE OF PUBLIC WORKS


CONCAST PRECAST LTD.
MUNSTER BLACKWATER, BLACKROCK
BRIDGE CULVERTS
3.0x1.8 m CULVERT
F. PETRUF Ing CEng MIEI

Client
Customer
Project
Structure

The Office of Public Works


Concast Precast Ltd.
Munster Blackwater, Blackrock Bridge Culverts
3.0x1.8 m Culvert

Ref.

Job Ref.
Engineer
Date
Sheet No.

STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS

PART OF CALCS - SAMPLE


Index:
Page No.

General notes

Vertical loading calculation

Horizontal loading calculation

Combinations

10

Internal forces calculation

25

Bearing pressure

56

Settlement

57

ULS and SLS design check

58

Reinforcement output

74

1106
F. Petruf
21/07/2011
2

Client
Customer
Project
Structure

The Office of Public Works


Concast Precast Ltd.
Munster Blackwater, Blackrock Bridge Culverts
3.0x1.8 m Culvert

Ref.

Job Ref.
Engineer
Date
Sheet No.

1106
F. Petruf
21/07/2011
3

STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS

PART OF CALCS - SAMPLE

General Notes:
Preamble:

This document and related drawings explain the design philosophy for precast concrete culverts.
The culverts above are proposed to use for conveying the watercourse under the carriageway.

Customer Reference Information:


Drawings:

Engineer's drawings No. C9713 Rev. C1 and C1005 Rev. C1

Specification:

Client's particular specification for precast concrete culverts, Appendix 17/5

Design Basis:
1. BS 5400-4:1990 Code of Practice for Design of Concrete Bridges
2. BD 31/01 The Design of Burried Concrete Box and Portal Frame Structures
3. BD 37/01 Loads for Highway Bridges
4. BD 57/01 Design for durability
5. Responsibility of Concast Precast is limited to design, manufacture and supply of precast concrete
units only. There is no responsibility of Concast Precast for ground conditions and foundations,
temporary works, erection and design associated with overall stability of the structure.

Design Criteria:
Loadings:
Densities of materials to be used in the calculation of loading:
Precast Concrete = 24.00

kN/m3

Backfill = 20.00
Road Surfacing = 23.00

kN/m3
kN/m3

Water = 10.00

kN/m3

Self weight of reinforced concrete = 24.00

kN/m3

Permanent Loads:
Dead Load:

Superimposed Dead Load:

Horizontal Earth Pressure:

Cover over culvert = 20.00


Bed at the base = 18.00

kN/m3
kN/m3

In accordance with BD 37/01

Highway Live Loads:


HA Loading:

In accordance with BD 37/01

HB Loading:

HA loading to be replaced with 30 units HB loading only in case of


cover depth over culvert is greater than 600mm.

Plant Loading:

Plant and materials transported across

culvert during construction of the works, qkplant = 10.00

Plant loading approved as stated in


2

kN/m

e-mail from 28/07/2011.

Client
Customer
Project
Structure

The Office of Public Works


Concast Precast Ltd.
Munster Blackwater, Blackrock Bridge Culverts
3.0x1.8 m Culvert

Ref.

Job Ref.
Engineer
Date
Sheet No.

1106
F. Petruf
21/07/2011
4

STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS

PART OF CALCS - SAMPLE

Highway Live Loads continuous:


Pedestrian Live Loading:

In accordance with BD 37/01

Accidental Loading:

In accordance with BD 37/01, including skid loading

Internal Water Pressure:

During operation of the completed culverts and during a flood event an internal
water pressure is generated in the culverts. This pressure is equivalent to a
hydrostatic head of 3.5m above culvert soffit level shown on the drawings.

Serviceability Requirements :
Cracking:
Durability:
Cover:

The maximum crack width permitted under SLS loading to be 0.25mm


Severe exposure condition
Concrete cover to all reinforcement to be 55mm

Materials Characteristics:
Concrete:
Precast concrete
Reinforced concrete elements, Grade C40/50, fcu = 50.00

N/mm2

Insitu concrete
Upstand to form base for railing, Grade C32/40, fcu = 40.00

N/mm2

Reinforcement:
Main reinforcement
B500B bars to BS 4449:2005, prefix 'B' = High Tensile, fy = 500.00

N/mm2

Secondary reinforcement
B500B bars to BS 4449:2005, prefix 'B' = High Tensile, fy = 500.00

N/mm2

Backfill
Structural backfill to be Type 6N
Bedding
River gravels with min. depth 300mm as shown on the drawings

Ground Conditions:
Cohesion, c = 0.00

kN/mm2

Phi (peak) = 28.00

degrees

Ground modulus used to determine spring supports stiffness, Emin = 10.00

MN/m2

MN/m2
Ground modulus, Emax = 50.00
Note: - final spring stiffness adjusted to result in maximum settlment in the order of 10mm under dead load with
backfill at the finished level.
For calculation of lateral earth pressure, Kmin = 0.20
For calculation of lateral earth pressure, Ko = 0.60
For calculation of lateral earth pressure, Ka = 0.33

Client
Customer
Project
Structure

The Office of Public Works


Concast Precast Ltd.
Munster Blackwater, Blackrock Bridge Culverts
3.0x1.8 m Culvert

Ref.

Job Ref.
Engineer
Date
Sheet No.

1106
F. Petruf
12/08/2011
7

STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS

PART OF CALCS - SAMPLE

Horizontal Loading 3.0x1.8m culvert - 300mm thick walls


Horizontal Loading:
Soil pressure from soil at the roof level with K min and K 0 :

LC 11
LC 12

Horizontal load from backfill material with Kmin, PE = 11.52


Horizontal load from backfill material with K0, PE = 34.56
Depth from bottom of base to PE, HE = 0.800

kN

PE = 0.5**H2*Kmin

kN
m

PE = 0.5**H2*K0
HE = H/3

Soil pressure from 1m deep soil cover over the culvert with K min , K 0 and plant surcharge loading:
BD 31/01
clause 3.2.6

LC 13
LC 14

LC 15

Note: - when the minimum permanent soil pressure is applied on both sides of the culvert, no live load surcharge
shall be applied to either wall.
Horizontal load from backfill material with Kmin, PE = 23.12
Horizontal load from backfill material with K0, PE = 69.36
1m Dp. Soil cover, vertical load on the roof = 20.00
Depth from bottom of base to PE, HE = 1.133
Horizontal load from plant surcharge loading with K0, PS = 20.40
Depth from bottom of base to PS, HS = 1.700

kN
kN
kN/m
m
kN
m

PS = K0*qkplant*H
HS = H/2

Soil pressure from finished cover over the culvert at finished road surface level with K min ,K 0 and
BD 31/01
clause 3.2.1

LC 16
LC 17
LC 18
LC 19

BD 31/01
clause 3.2.6

surcharge load from highway loading:


Note: - allow density of road surfacing to be same like density of backfill for horizontal loading only
- depth of finished cover over the culvert is less than 600mm; do not consider surcharge from HB loading in this
case as per BD 31/01 Clause 3.2.1
Horizontal load from backfill material with Kmin, PE
Horizontal load from backfill material with K0, PE
Depth from bottom of base to PE, HE
Horizontal load from HA surcharge loading with K0, PS
Horizontal load from footpath surcharge loading with K0, PS
Depth from bottom of base to PS, HS

=
=
=
=
=
=

16.88
50.63
0.968
17.43
8.72
1.453

Live load surcharge for HA loading, qkHA = 10.00


Live load surcharge for footpath & cycle track loading, qkFCT = 5.00
Live load surcharge for construction/ plant loading, qkplant = 10.00

kN
kN
m
kN
kN
m
kN/m2
kN/m2
kN/m2

PS = K0*qkHA*H
PS = K0*qkFCT*H
HS = H/2

Client
Customer
Project
Structure

The Office of Public Works


Concast Precast Ltd.
Munster Blackwater, Blackrock Bridge Culverts
3.0x1.8 m Culvert

Ref.

Job Ref.
Engineer
Date
Sheet No.

1106
F. Petruf
12/08/2011
8

STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS
Horizontal Loading continuous:

PART OF CALCS - SAMPLE

BD 37/01
clause 6.10

LC 20

Longitudinal Live Loading


Nominal load HA, loaded length = 3.6m, lane width = 2.5m = 30.98
Nominal load HB omitted, refer to LC4 for details

kN/m

Accidental load due to skidding

LC 21

LC 22

LC 23

Nominal load shall be taken = 300.00


This at the above produces a point load of = 120.00

kN
kN

per lane
per metre width assuming a 2.5m
lane width
Flooding condition with water level at the top of the culvert roof and culvert running dry
The hydrostatic pressure shall be taken = 19.20
kN/m
qh = 10*Z*(1-Kmin)
Z = H2+T1+T2
Flooding condition with culvert running full of water assuming pressure equal to a hydrostatic head of
3.5m of water above the culvert roof
Z = 3.5-H1
The hydrostatic pressure at the finished road surface level = 23.96
kN/m
Z = 3.5+T1
The hydrostatic pressure at the finished road surface level = 30.40
kN/m
Z = 3.5+T1+H2
The hydrostatic pressure at the finished road surface level = 44.80
kN/m

LC 24

Load effects due to maximum temperature


Note: - temperature effects may be neglected where:
BD 31/01
Depth of fill over the culvert at finished road surface, H1 = 0.505
clause 3.2.8
m > 2
m
FAIL
Internal width of box culvert, B1 < 0.2*LT = 3.00
m < 0.80
m
FAIL
20% of total culvert bridge width comprises of 2 No. of PC culvert units, 0.2*LT = 0.80
m
External width of box culvert, B = 3.60
m < 3
m
FAIL
Note: - temperature effects can not be neglected as the above conditions did not pass, calculation follows below
Type of superstructure
Maximum shade air temperature
Maximum effective bridge temperature
Datum temperature for expansion and contraction, 0
Adjustment to max. effective bridge temperature for deck surfacing
Adjustment to max. shade air temperature for height above mean sea level
Nominal maximum shade air temperature
Nominal maximum effective bridge temperature, X

h = 2.40
h1 = 0.3h but < or equal to 0.15m, h1 = 0.150
h2 = 0.3h but > 0.1m and < 0.25m, h2 = 0.250
h1 = 0.3h but < 0.1m+surfacing depth, h3 = 0.605
Area A1 of culvert section from top of roof up to h1 = 0.540

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

h1
h2
h3

m2
m

Area A3 of culvert section from btm of base up to h3 = 1.274

m2

Note: - use BD 37/01 and TRRL Report LR 765 for

C
C
0
C
0
C
0
C
0
C
0
C
0

negligible

0.150
0.250
0.605

T3 [0C]

7.5
2.1
1.5

Effective maximum bridge temperature, Y

Area A2 of culvert section from top of roof up to h2 = 0.900

Positive temperature difference


0
T2 [0C]
h [m] T1 [ C]

m
m
m
m

Group 4
29.0
31.0
10.0
-2.0
-0.16
29.0
29.0

h [m]

T1 [0C]

h1

0.150

17.5

h2
h3

0.250

T2 [0C]

T3 [0C]

12.1

0.605

11.5

the effective max. bridge temperature, Y.


Note:
To calculate max. temperature for loads calculation,
add (X-Y) to the positive temperature difference.

Maximum temperature for loads calculation


0
T3 [0C]
T2 [0C]
h [m] T1 [ C]
h1
h2
h3

0.150
0.250
0.605

19.0
19.0
19.0

Client
Customer
Project
Structure

The Office of Public Works


Concast Precast Ltd.
Munster Blackwater, Blackrock Bridge Culverts
3.0x1.8 m Culvert

Ref.

Job Ref.
Engineer
Date
Sheet No.

STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS
Combinations:

PART OF CALCS - SAMPLE

Name

Description

Type

Load cases

CO 1

Soil at roof level - Kmin

Linear - LC1 - Self Weight


ultimate LC3 - Superimposed Dead - Other Loads

Coeff.
[-]

LC11 - PE with Kmin - Soil at the roof


CO 1.1

Soil at roof level - Ko

Linear - LC1 - Self Weight


ultimate LC3 - Superimposed Dead - Other Loads
LC12 - PE with Ko - Soil at the roof

CO 2

1m Dp. soil cover - Kmin

Linear - LC1 - Self Weight


ultimate LC3 - Superimposed Dead - Other Loads
LC13 - PE with Kmin - 1m Dp. cover over culvert

CO 2.1

1m Dp. soil cover - Ko

Linear - LC1 - Self Weight


ultimate LC3 - Superimposed Dead - Other Loads
LC14 - PE with Ko - 1m Dp. cover over culvert

CO 3

1m Dp. cover - Ko - Full


Plant Surcharge + Plant
Load

Linear - LC1 - Self Weight


ultimate LC3 - Superimposed Dead - Other Loads

1m Dp. cover - Ko - Half


Plant Surcharge + Plant
Load

Finished cover - Kmin

Linear - LC1 - Self Weight


ultimate LC3 - Superimposed Dead - Other Loads

CO 5.1

1.5
1.15
1.2
1.5
1.15
1.2

1.6
1.15
1.2
1.6

LC14 - PE with Ko - 1m Dp. cover over culvert

1.5

Linear - LC1 - Self Weight


ultimate LC2 - Superimposed Dead - Deck Surfacing

Linear - LC1 - Self Weight


ultimate LC2 - Superimposed Dead - Deck Surfacing
LC17 - PE with Ko - finished cover over culvert

Finished cover - Ko - Full


HA Surcharge + HA +
KEL at edge

1.2

LC10 - Plant Loading

LC3 - Superimposed Dead - Other Loads


CO 5

1.15

1.5

LC16 - PE with Kmin - finished cover over culvert


Finished cover - Ko

1.2
1.5

LC14 - PE with Ko - 1m Dp. cover over culvert

LC3 - Superimposed Dead - Other Loads


CO 4.1

1.15

1.6

LC15.1 - PS Half plant with Ko - 1m Dp. cover over culvert


CO 4

1.2
1.5

LC10 - Plant Loading


LC15 - PS Full plant with Ko - 1m Dp. cover over culvert

CO 3.1

1.15

Linear - LC1 - Self Weight


ultimate LC2 - Superimposed Dead - Deck Surfacing

1.6
1.15
1.75
1.2
1.5
1.15
1.75
1.2
1.5
1.15
1.75

LC3 - Superimposed Dead - Other Loads

1.2

LC4 - HA Nominal UDL

1.5

LC5 - HA - KEL at the edge

1.5

LC17 - PE with Ko - finished cover over culvert

1.5

LC18 - PS Full HA with Ko - finished cover over culvert

1.5

Finished cover - Ko - Half Linear - LC1 - Self Weight


HA Surcharge + HA +
ultimate LC2 - Superimposed Dead - Deck Surfacing
KEL at edge
LC3 - Superimposed Dead - Other Loads

1.15
1.75
1.2

LC4 - HA Nominal UDL

1.5

LC5 - HA - KEL at the edge

1.5

LC17 - PE with Ko - finished cover over culvert

1.5

LC18.1 - PS Half HA with Ko - finished cover over culvert

1.5

1106
F. Petruf
22/08/2011
10

1106

Job Ref.

MUNSTER BLACKWATER, BLACKROCK BRIDGE CULVERTS

Project Title

3.0x1.8 m CULVERT

Description

BS

National code

22.08.2011

Date

F.PETRUF Ing CEng MIEI

Author

6. Structural model

PART OF CALCS - SAMPLE

7. Structural analysis model

Page Number
28

1106

Job Ref.

MUNSTER BLACKWATER, BLACKROCK BRIDGE CULVERTS

Project Title

3.0x1.8 m CULVERT

Description

BS

National code

22.08.2011

Date

F.PETRUF Ing CEng MIEI

Author

PART OF CALCS - SAMPLE

11. LC5 - HA - KEL at the edge

Z
Y
X

12. LC6 - HA - KEL at the middle

Z
Y
X

13. LC7 - HA - SNWL at the edge

Z
Y
X

Page Number
30

1106

Job Ref.

MUNSTER BLACKWATER, BLACKROCK BRIDGE CULVERTS

Project Title

3.0x1.8 m CULVERT

Description

BS

National code

22.08.2011

Date

F.PETRUF Ing CEng MIEI

Author

PART OF CALCS - SAMPLE

17. LC11 - PE with Kmin - Soil at the Roof

Z
Y
X

18. LC12 - PE with Ko - Soil at the Roof

Z
Y
X

19. LC13 - PE with Kmin - 1m Dp. cover over culvert

Z
Y
X

Page Number
32

1106

Job Ref.

MUNSTER BLACKWATER, BLACKROCK BRIDGE CULVERTS

Project Title

3.0x1.8 m CULVERT

Description

BS

National code

22.08.2011

Date

F.PETRUF Ing CEng MIEI

Author

PART OF CALCS - SAMPLE

33. LC24 - Maximum Temperature

Z
Y
X

34. LC25 - Minimum Temperature

Z
Y
X

35. Point forces on beam


Name

F67
F68
F69
F70
F71

Member

System

F
[kN]

Load case

Dir

Type

S1
LC5 - HA - KEL at the edge
S1
LC6 - HA - KEL in the middle
W1
LC11 - PE with Kmin - Soil at the roof
W2
LC11 - PE with Kmin - Soil at the roof
W1
LC12 - PE with Ko - Soil at the roof

GCS
Z
GCS
Z
GCS
X
GCS
X
GCS
X

-32.88
Force
-32.88
Force
11.52
Force
-11.52
Force
34.56
Force

x
[m]

Coor

Rep (n)

Orig
0.050 Abso
From
0.500 Rela
From
0.412 Abso
From
0.412 Abso
From
0.412 Abso
From

1
start
1
start
1
start
1
start
1
start

Page Number
38

1106

Job Ref.

MUNSTER BLACKWATER, BLACKROCK BRIDGE CULVERTS

Project Title

3.0x1.8 m CULVERT

Description

BS

National code

22.08.2011

Date

F.PETRUF Ing CEng MIEI

Author
Name

Member

Type

Dir

P1
[kN/m]

x1
[m]

Coor

Load case

System

Distribution

P2
[kN/m]

x2
[m]

Loc

LF127

C2

Force
GCS

LF128

LC23 - Flooding - water level 3.5m


above the roof level
W2

GCS

LF129

LC23 - Flooding - water level 3.5m


above the roof level
C4

GCS

LF130

LC23 - Flooding - water level 3.5m


above the roof level
C3

GCS

LF131

LC23 - Flooding - water level 3.5m


above the roof level
S1

Force

Z
Uniform

LF132

LC13 - PE with Kmin - 1m Dp. cover GCS


over culvert
C1
Force

Uniform

LF133

LC13 - PE with Kmin - 1m Dp. cover GCS


over culvert
C2
Force

Uniform

LF134

LC13 - PE with Kmin - 1m Dp. cover GCS


over culvert
C1
Force
GCS

Uniform

LF135

LC14 - PE with Ko - 1m Dp. cover


over culvert
S1

GCS

LF136

LC14 - PE with Ko - 1m Dp. cover


over culvert
C2

GCS

LF137

LC14 - PE with Ko - 1m Dp. cover


over culvert
S2
LC23 - Flooding - water level 3.5m
above the roof level

GCS

Force

X
Trapez
X
Trapez

31.10

0.000 Abso

30.40

0.124 Length

44.10

0.000 Rela

31.10

1.000 Length

44.10

0.000 Abso

44.80

0.124 Length

Orig

Ecc ez
[m]
From end

Force

Force

Force

Force

Trapez
X
Trapez

-44.10

0.000 Abso

-44.80

0.124 Length

-20.00

0.000 Rela

From start

-20.00

0.000 Rela

-20.00

0.000 Rela

From start

0.000 Rela

From start

0.000 Rela

From start

Uniform

0.000 Rela

0.000
0.000

From start

0.000
0.000

From start

0.000
0.000

From start

0.000
0.000

From start

1.000 Length
-44.80

0.000
0.000

1.000 Length
-20.00

0.000
0.000

1.000 Length
-20.00

0.000
0.000

1.000 Length

Uniform
Z

From end

1.000 Length

Uniform
Z

0.000 Rela

0.000
0.000

1.000 Length
-20.00

0.000
0.000

PART OF CALCS - SAMPLE


Force

Ecc ey
[m]

0.000
0.000

From start

1.000 Length

0.000
0.000

37. Load cases


Name
LC1
LC2
LC3
LC4

Description

Action type

Self Weight
Superimposed Dead - Deck Surfacing
Superimposed Dead - Other Loads
HA Nominal UDL

Permanent
Permanent
Permanent
Variable

LoadGroup
LG1
LG1
LG1
LG2

Load type
Self weight
Standard
Standard
Static

Page Number
42

1106

Job Ref.

MUNSTER BLACKWATER, BLACKROCK BRIDGE CULVERTS

Project Title

3.0x1.8 m CULVERT

Description

BS

National code

22.08.2011

Date

F.PETRUF Ing CEng MIEI

Author
Name
LC5
LC6
LC7
LC8
LC9
LC10
LC11
LC12
LC13
LC14
LC15
LC15.1
LC16
LC17
LC18
LC18.1
LC19
LC19.1
LC20
LC21
LC22
LC23
LC24
LC25

Description

Action type

HA - KEL at the edge


HA - KEL in the middle
HA - SNWL at the edge
HA - SNWL in the middle
Nominal Pedestrian Live Load
Plant Loading
PE with Kmin - Soil at the roof
PE with Ko - Soil at the roof
PE with Kmin - 1m Dp. cover over culvert
PE with Ko - 1m Dp. cover over culvert
PS Full plant with Ko - 1m Dp. cover over culvert
PS Half plant with Ko - 1m Dp. cover over culvert
PE with Kmin - finished cover over culvert
PE with Ko - finished cover over culvert
PS Full HA with Ko - finished cover over culvert
PS Half HA with Ko - finished cover over culvert
PS Full Pedestrian with Ko - finished cover over culvert
PS Half Pedestrian with Ko - finished cover over culvert
Longitudinal HA Live Loading
Accidental load due to skidding
Flooding - water level at roof - culvert running dry
Flooding - water level 3.5m above the roof level
Maximum Temperature
Minimum Temperature

Variable
Variable
Variable
Variable
Variable
Variable
Permanent
Permanent
Permanent
Permanent
Variable
Variable
Permanent
Permanent
Variable
Variable
Variable
Variable
Variable
Variable
Variable
Variable
Variable
Variable

LoadGroup
LG2
LG2
LG2
LG2
LG2
LG2
LG1
LG1
LG1
LG1
LG2
LG2
LG1
LG1
LG2
LG2
LG2
LG2
LG2
LG4
LG2
LG2
LG3
LG3

PART OF CALCS - SAMPLE

Load type
Static
Static
Static
Static
Static
Static
Standard
Standard
Standard
Standard
Static
Static
Standard
Standard
Static
Static
Static
Static
Static
Static
Static
Static
Static
Static

38. Load groups


Name
LG1
LG2
LG3
LG4

Load
Permanent
Variable
Variable
Accidental

Relation

Type

Standard
Standard
Exclusive

I - imposed load
T - temperature load

39. Result classes


Name
RC1

List

CO
CO
CO
CO
CO
CO
CO
CO
CO
CO
CO
CO

11.1
22.1
33.1
44.1
55.1
5.2
5.3

Linear - Linear
Linear - Linear
Linear - Linear
Linear - Linear
Linear - Linear
- Linear
- Linear

ultimate
- ultimate
ultimate
- ultimate
ultimate
- ultimate
ultimate
- ultimate
ultimate
- ultimate
- ultimate
- ultimate

Page Number
43

1106

Job Ref.
Project Title

MUNSTER BLACKWATER, BLACKROCK BRIDGE CULVERTS


3.0x1.8 m CULVERT

Description

BS

National code

22.08.2011

Date

F.PETRUF Ing CEng MIEI

Author
Name
RC2

List

CO 13.1 - Linear - serviceability


CO 13.2 - Linear - serviceability
CO 13.3 - Linear - serviceability
CO 13.4 - Linear - serviceability
CO 13.5 - Linear - serviceability
CO 13.6 - Linear - serviceability
CO 13.7 - Linear - serviceability
CO 13.8 - Linear - serviceability
CO 13.9 - Linear - serviceability
CO 13.10 - Linear - serviceability
CO 13.11 - Linear - serviceability
CO 13.12 - Linear - serviceability
CO 13.13 - Linear - serviceability
CO 14 - Linear - serviceability
CO 14.1 - Linear - serviceability
CO 14.2 - Linear - serviceability
CO 14.3 - Linear - serviceability
CO 14.4 - Linear - serviceability
CO 14.5 - Linear - serviceability
CO 14.6 - Linear - serviceability
CO 14.7 - Linear - serviceability
CO 15 - Linear - serviceability
CO 15.1 - Linear - serviceability
CO 15.2 - Linear - serviceability
CO 15.3 - Linear - serviceability
CO 16 - Linear - serviceability
CO 16.1 - Linear - serviceability
CO 16.2 - Linear - serviceability
CO 16.3 - Linear - serviceability
CO 16.4 - Linear - serviceability
CO 16.5 - Linear - serviceability
CO 16.6 - Linear - serviceability
CO 16.7 - Linear - serviceability
CO 16.8 - Linear - serviceability
CO 16.9 - Linear - serviceability
CO 16.10 - Linear - serviceability
CO 16.11 - Linear - serviceability
CO 16.12 - Linear - serviceability
CO 16.13 - Linear - serviceability
CO 16.14 - Linear - serviceability
CO 16.15 - Linear - serviceability
LC1
LC2
LC3
LC11
LC12
LC13
LC14

PART OF CALCS - SAMPLE

RC3

Page Number
45

1106

Job Ref.
Project Title

MUNSTER BLACKWATER, BLACKROCK BRIDGE CULVERTS


3.0x1.8 m CULVERT

Description

BS

National code

22.08.2011

Date

F.PETRUF Ing CEng MIEI

Author
Name

List

LC16
LC17
LC4
LC5
LC6
LC7
LC8
LC9
LC10
LC15
LC15.1
LC18
LC18.1
LC19
LC19.1
LC20
LC21
LC22
LC23
LC24
LC25

RC3
RC4

PART OF CALCS - SAMPLE

40. Moment My [kNm], Result Class RC1 - All ULS

Z
Y

Page Number
46

1106

Job Ref.

MUNSTER BLACKWATER, BLACKROCK BRIDGE CULVERTS

Project Title

3.0x1.8 m CULVERT

Description

BS

National code

22.08.2011

Date

F.PETRUF Ing CEng MIEI

Author

41. Shear Force Vz [kN], Result Class RC1 - All ULS

PART OF CALCS - SAMPLE

Z
Y

42. Internal forces Result Class RC1 - All ULS


Linear calculation, Extreme : Member, System : Principal
Selection : All
Class : RC1
Member
S1
S1
S1
S1
S1
S1
S1
S2
S2
S2
S2
S2
S2
S2
S2
W1
W1
W1
W1
W1

CO
CO
CO
CO
CO
CO
CO
CO
CO
CO
CO
CO
CO
CO
CO
CO
CO
CO
CO
CO

Case

dx
[m]

5.12/1
6.8/2
5.3/3
5.10/4
5.4/5
5.12/1
3.1/6
5.10/4
6.8/2
3.1/6
5.1/7
5.12/1
1/8
5.10/4
5.10/4
5.10/4
1.1/9
5.12/1
5.12/1
6.1/10

0.000
0.000
2.824
0.000
0.000
2.206
0.000
1.883
0.000
0.000
0.000
1.883
0.000
0.941
2.824
0.000
1.624
0.000
1.065
0.000

N
[kN]
-131.52
40.19
-32.63
-126.66
-37.56
-131.52
-54.64
-100.41
33.06
-76.57
-70.92
-95.54
-16.64
-0.42
-100.41
-264.55
-14.22
-246.41
-237.75
-180.51

Vy
[kN]
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

Vz
[kN]
207.68
85.35
-149.82
225.82
164.31
-0.93
69.69
150.31
-71.61
-81.94
-133.95
152.15
-21.18
-73.49
150.31
-24.57
-10.78
-29.43
-131.52
86.03

Mx
[kNm]
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

My
[kNm]
-124.42
-7.47
-39.71
-113.21
-14.90
116.38
-13.59
-12.54
10.55
45.83
47.48
-18.04
7.76
-132.49
128.97
-6.06
-5.11
-3.89
-72.08
-67.44

Mz
[kNm]
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

Page Number
47

1106

Job Ref.

MUNSTER BLACKWATER, BLACKROCK BRIDGE CULVERTS

Project Title

3.0x1.8 m CULVERT

Description

BS

National code

22.08.2011

Date

F.PETRUF Ing CEng MIEI

Author
Member
C4
C4
C4

Case
LC15
LC23
LC15.1

dx
[m]
0.000
0.000
0.000

N
[kN]
-3.54
3.05
2.45

Vy
[kN]
0.00
0.00
0.00

Vz
[kN]

Mx
[kNm]

My
[kNm]

Mz
[kNm]

-3.54

0.00

0.00

50.91
8.43

0.00
0.00

1.40
-1.65

PART OF CALCS - SAMPLE


-9.14

0.00
0.00

52. Bearing Pressure Rz [kN/m] RC3, Spring Support Stiffness Ez = 10 MN/sqm

Z
Y

53. Bearing Pressure Rz [kN/m] RC4, Spring Support Stiffness Ez = 10 MN/sqm

Z
Y

Page Number
56

1106

Job Ref.
Project Title

MUNSTER BLACKWATER, BLACKROCK BRIDGE CULVERTS


3.0x1.8 m CULVERT

Description

BS

National code

22.08.2011

Date

F.PETRUF Ing CEng MIEI

Author

54. Settlement [mm] RC4, Spring Support Stiffness Ez = 10 MN/sqm

Z
Y

PART OF CALCS - SAMPLE

Page Number
57

Client
Customer
Project
Structure

The Office of Public Works


Concast Precast Ltd.
Munster Blackwater, Blackrock Bridge Culverts
3.0x1.8 m Culvert

Ref.

Job Ref.
Engineer
Date
Sheet No.

1106
F. Petruf
24/08/2011
58

STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS

PART OF CALCS - SAMPLE

ULS Design check to BS 5400-4:1990


Member:

S1

Result Class/Combination:

RC1/ CO 5.10 and 5.12

General Parameters :
Width of slab, b
Breadth of section, ba and bt
Depth of slab, h
General cover to reinforcement, c
Assumed bar diameter,
Effective depth to the tension reinforcement, d
Characteristic concrete strength at 28-days, fcu
Characteristic strength of reinforcement, fy
Characteristic strength of link reinforcement, fyv
Design Moment :
Design Shear :

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

1000
1000
300
55
16
237.0
50
500
500

M = 124.42
V = 225.82

mm
mm
mm
mm
mm
mm
N/mm2
N/mm2
N/mm2
kNm
kN

Hogging Moment
External face

Bending :
clause 5.4.2

Section without compresion reinforcement


Assumed area of required tension reinforcement, As
z
z
use z
Area of required tension reinforcement, As
Area of provided tension reinforcement, As, prov
Percentage of the main reinforcement, p
Minimum area of the main reinforcement

clause 5.3.2.3

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
>

3435
199.22
225.15
199.2
1436
3435
1.449
0.15

clause 5.8.4

mm2/m
mm
mm
mm
mm2/m
mm2/m
%
%

B16
at 150 mm C/C
z = (1-1.1*fy*As/(fcu*b*d))*d
z < or = 0.95*d
As = Mu/(0,87*fy*z)
B16
at 150 mm C/C
p =(As,prov/(ba*d))*100
of ba*d
PASS

mm2/m B10
at 200 mm C/C
%
p =(As,prov/(bt*d))*100
%
of bt*d
PASS
Note: allow B20 at 150 mm C/C at wall external face to be anchoraged into roof top and work together with
the above B16 at 150 mm C/C against shear stress. Than As, prov = 3435 mm2/m.
Area of provided secondary reinforcement, As, prov = 393
Percentage of the secondary reinforcement, p = 0.166
Minimum area of the secondary reinforcement > 0.12

Shear :
clause 5.4.4

Shear stress at any cross-section in solid slab, v


Depth factor, s
Minimum s
Maximum s
Ultimate shear stress in concrete, vc
vc=(0,27/m)*(100*As/(b*d))1/3*fcu1/3
Partial safety factor for strength, m
100*As/(b*d)
v = 0.953
Note: No shear links are required.

=
=
=
=

0.953
1.205
0.7
1.5

= 0.836

N/mm2 v = V/(b*d)
s = (500/d)1/4
for d = 2000 mm and more
for d = 100 mm and less
N/mm2 fcu should not exceed 40 N/mm2

= 1.25
= 1.449
<
3.0
< s*vc = 1.0075

PASS
PASS

Client
Customer
Project
Structure

The Office of Public Works


Concast Precast Ltd.
Munster Blackwater, Blackrock Bridge Culverts
3.0x1.8 m Culvert

Ref.

Job Ref.
Engineer
Date
Sheet No.

1106
F. Petruf
24/08/2011
59

STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS

PART OF CALCS - SAMPLE

SLS Design check to BS 5400-4:1990


Member:

S1

Result Class/ Load Case:

RC3, RC4/ LC14, LC21

General Parameters :
clause 5.8.8.2

Maximum bar spacing, S


acr = (((S/2)^2+(c+DIA/2)^2))^0.5-DIA/2,
acr
Distance from the compression face to the point at which
the crack width is being calculated, a'
Depth of the concrete in compression, dc

Service Moment due to permanent loads:


Service Moment due to live loads:

= 150
= 89.95

mm
mm

= 300
= 106.34

mm
mm

Mg = 11.64
Mq = 73.96

kNm
kNm

Hogging Moment
Hogging Moment

kN/mm2
2
kN/mm

Ec = (5.5*(fcu/1.5)^0.5)/2

Crack width calculation :


Moduli of elasticity of concrete, Ec
Moduli of elasticity of steel, Es
Modular ratio,
p
Depth to neutral axis, x
Ic
STs

=
=
=
=
=
=
=

15.877
200
12.597
0.014
106.337
1.1E+09
0.0006

= (Es/Ec)

mm
mm4

p = As/(bd)
x = (-p+((p)^2+2p)^0.5)*d
STs = /Es*(Mg+Mq)/Ic*(d-x)

Strain at the level where cracking is being considered, 1 = 0.0009


s = 0.0001

1 = STs*(h-x)/(d-x)

s = b*(h-x)^2/(3*Es*As*(d-x))

m is strain at the level where cracking is being considered,


allowing for the stiffening effect of the concrete in the tension zone.
A negative value of m indicates that the section is uncracked.
m = 1-(3.8*bt*h*(a'-dc)/(s*As*(h-dc))*((1-Mq/Mg)*10^-9) = 0.0009
Crack width = 3*acr*m/((1+2*(acr-c)/(h-dc)) = 0.182
Allowable crack width = 0.250

m should not be grater than 1


mm
mm

PASS
Maximum bar spacing, S = 150
Maximum allowable bar spacing should be not grater than
300

mm
mm
PASS

Client
Customer
Project
Structure
Ref.

The Office of Public Works


Concast Precast Ltd.
Munster Blackwater, Blackrock Bridge Culverts
3.0x1.8 m Culvert

Job Ref.
Engineer
Date
Sheet No.

1106
F. Petruf
24/08/2011
74

STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS

PART OF CALCS - SAMPLE