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QUESTION BANK - EKG

Contents
APRIL 2016 ........................................................................................................................................................ 4
MARCH 2016 ....................................................................................................................................................... 4
FEBRUARY 2016 .................................................................................................................................................. 5
JANUARY 2016 .................................................................................................................................................... 5
DECEMBER 2015 ................................................................................................................................................. 6
NOVEMBER 2015 ................................................................................................................................................. 6
OCTOBER 2015 ................................................................................................................................................... 7
SEPTEMBER 2015 ................................................................................................................................................ 8
AUGUST 2015 ...................................................................................................................................................... 8
JULY 2015 .......................................................................................................................................................... 9
JUNE 2015 .......................................................................................................................................................... 9
APRIL 2015 ...................................................................................................................................................... 10
MARCH 2015 ..................................................................................................................................................... 10
FEBRUARY 2015 ................................................................................................................................................ 11
JANUARY 2015 .................................................................................................................................................. 11
DECEMBER 2014 ............................................................................................................................................... 11
NOVEMBER 2014 ............................................................................................................................................... 12
OCTOBER 2014 ................................................................................................................................................. 12
SEPTEMBER 2014 .............................................................................................................................................. 13
AUGUST 2014 .................................................................................................................................................... 13
JULY 2014 ........................................................................................................................................................ 14
JUNE 2014 ........................................................................................................................................................ 14
APRIL 2014 ...................................................................................................................................................... 15
MARCH 2014 ..................................................................................................................................................... 16
FEBRUARY 2014 ................................................................................................................................................ 16
JANUARY 2014 .................................................................................................................................................. 16
DECEMBER 2013 ............................................................................................................................................... 17
NOVEMBER 2013 ............................................................................................................................................... 17
OCTOBER 2013 ................................................................................................................................................. 18
SEPTEMBER 2013 .............................................................................................................................................. 19
AUGUST 2013 .................................................................................................................................................... 19
JULY 2013 ........................................................................................................................................................ 20
JUNE 2013 ........................................................................................................................................................ 20
APRIL 2013 ...................................................................................................................................................... 21
MARCH 2013 ..................................................................................................................................................... 21
FEBRUARY 2013 ................................................................................................................................................ 22
JANUARY 2013 .................................................................................................................................................. 22
DECEMBER 2012 ............................................................................................................................................... 23
NOVEMBER 2012 ............................................................................................................................................... 23
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QUESTION BANK - EKG

OCTOBER 2012 ................................................................................................................................................. 24


SEPTEMBER 2012 .............................................................................................................................................. 24
AUGUST 2012 .................................................................................................................................................... 25
JULY 2012 ........................................................................................................................................................ 26
JUNE 2012 ........................................................................................................................................................ 26
APRIL 2012 ...................................................................................................................................................... 26
MARCH 2012 ..................................................................................................................................................... 27
FEBRUARY 2012 ................................................................................................................................................ 27
JANURY 2012 .................................................................................................................................................... 27
DECEMBER 2011 ............................................................................................................................................... 28
NOVEMBER 2011 ............................................................................................................................................... 28
OCTOBER 2011 ................................................................................................................................................. 29
SEPTEMBER 2011 .............................................................................................................................................. 29
AUGUST 2011 .................................................................................................................................................... 30
JULY 2011 ........................................................................................................................................................ 30
JUNE 2011 ........................................................................................................................................................ 31
APRIL 2011 ...................................................................................................................................................... 31
MARCH 2011 ..................................................................................................................................................... 32
FEBRUARY 2011 ................................................................................................................................................ 33
JANUARY 2011 .................................................................................................................................................. 33
DECEMBER 2010 ............................................................................................................................................... 33
NOVEMBER 2010 ............................................................................................................................................... 34
OCTOBER 2010 ................................................................................................................................................. 34
SEPTEMBER 2010 .............................................................................................................................................. 35
AUGUST 2010 .................................................................................................................................................... 35
JULY 2010 ........................................................................................................................................................ 36
JUNE 2010 ........................................................................................................................................................ 36
APRIL 2010 ...................................................................................................................................................... 37
MARCH 2010 .................................................................................................................................................... 37
FEBRUARY 2010 ................................................................................................................................................ 38
JANUARY 2010 .................................................................................................................................................. 38

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QUESTION BANK - EKG

MARINE ENGINEERING KNOWLEDGE (GENERAL)

Instructions:
1. Question 1 is compulsory, and a score of minimum 50%mark is
essential in the same.
2. Answer SIX questions
3. All Questions carry equal marks
4. Neatness in handwriting and clarity in expression carries weightage
5. Illustration of an Answer with clear sketches /diagram carries
weightage
6. All unused pages of the answer script must be cancelled out by two
lines (X) across the page

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QUESTION BANK - EKG

APRIL 2016
Q1. With reference to oil / water separators:
A. Describe, will the aid of a sketch, the circuit for an interface detector; B. Explain the consequences if the interface position is
incorrect.
Q2. With reference to the carriage and pumping of liquefied gas cargo: A. Sketch a suitable pumping system labeling the component
parts; State; B. Why submerged hydraulically driven pumps are not used; C. How overheating of pump drive shaft bearings is avoided;
D. How tank is rendered safe both in loaded & unloaded condition. E Why at the end of discharge about 2% of liquid cargo is left in
the tank. F. State, how the risk of fire and explosion in cargo tanks is obviated both in the loaded and discharged condition.
Q3. State with reasons how cracking in EACH of the following location is caused rectified and avoided - 1. A-frame ; 2. Bedplate
longitudinal girder; 3. Bed plate transverse girder
Q4. Describe how you, as Second Engineer, would prepare an auxiliary boiler for survey by a classification society.
Q5. Damage has occurred to the main engine exhaust valves and the fuel supplied at a particular port is suspected. The owners
case/ however, in the ensuing dispute may be weak because the fuel was ordered specifying only type and viscosity.
A. Apart from fuel specification, describe how you, as Second Engineer, should have assisted the owners case when receiving the
suspect fuel.
B. Describe a recognized fuel standard that may be used when ordering bunker fuel.
C. Explain how the correct fuel standard selected.
D. Suggest, with reasons, why particular mention should be made of certain elements that might not be included in the fuel standard.
Q6. With reference to feed regulation:
A. Describe, with the aid of sketches, the operation of a boiler feed water regulator controlled by atleast two other parameters
besides water level in the drum;
B. Give reasons for the inclusion of the other elements besides water level in controlling feed flow;
C. Deduce the possible effects on the system when the drain valve in the constant leg in the level transmitter starts to leak.
Q7. Sketch a sealing arrangement for an oil lubricated stern tube.
A. Identify the common form of seal failure; B. State how oil loss due to seal failure can be restricted whist on passage; C. What
material is used for sealing ring and propeller shaft liner?
Q8: A. State the laboratory tests that may be carried out on specimens of steel for ships plate giving reasons for the tests.
B. The basic compositions of two ships plates are given in Table below one is an example of modem practice whilst the other is a
specification of a 1940s tanker that split in two due to brittle fracture. Compare these two specifications critically and explain which
of these two steels would be most resistant to brittle fracture.

MARCH 2016
Q1. You have been appointed as Second Engineer of an older vessel which is in dry-docking and recently been purchased by your
shipping company. Describe, in detail about your inspection, to ensure that the equipment on board ship related to safety equipment
(related to firefighting and lifesaving) survey are satisfactorily complied with.
Q2. Sketch a high lift safety valve and seat detailing their special features; Describe how such a valve is overhauled and any clearance
that should be measured and noted.
Q3. A. Sketch and describe TWO methods that employ manometric means for measuring tank contents.
B. State what corrections are made to the readings obtained by the methods described in (A) in order to gauge the mass contents,
C. Explain how bunkering requirements may be estimated when no records of main engine fuel consumption are available on board.
Q4. A. Describe with the aid of sketches where necessary a vane type steering gear showing how to weight of the rudder and stock are
carried and the arrangement that allow for wear down.
B. State how the vanes described in (A) are secured and the method of sealing the edges:
C. State how, if necessary, the steering gear is locked for rudder maintenance.
Q5. A. With reference to fatigue of engineering components explain the influence of stress level at cyclical frequency on expected
operating life.; B. Explain the influence of material defects on the safe operating life of engineering component; C. State the factors which
influence the possibility of fatigue cracking of a bed plate transverse girder and explain how the risk of such cracking can be minimized
Q6. With respect to tankers describes: - A. How a pump room is ventilated? B. How cargo tanks are ventilated? C. Cargo tank protection
as per SOLAS 1974; D. Additional alarms provided for inert gas systems of the inert gas generator type.
Q7. Describe the possible faults which may be found during a dry-dock inspection of the following; A. Stern frame; B. Sea chest; C. Bilge
keel; D. Anodes; E. Rudders.
Q8. With reference to oily water separators:- A. Describe with the aid of a sketch, the working of such a separator; B. Explain the
consequence if the interface detector position is incorrect; C. Enumerate the various possibilities by which oil / water interface can be
disturbed.
Q9. A. State the advantages of using steam turbine propulsion power for vessels carrying LNG cargo.
B. With regard to the use of L.N.G. cargo as boiler fuel explain:
(i)The safety precautions relating to the gas pipeline supplying the boiler and burning the gas in the boiler,
(ii) The means of getting rid of excess gases during loading or discharge.
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FEBRUARY 2016
Q1. With respect to refrigeration gases used on-board vessels, answer the following
A. Explain ozone depleting potential of conventional refrigerant gases
B. Name the alternate refrigerant gases available and being used onboard.
C. Explain the steps you will take to ensure that release of refrigerant gases from the plant is minimized during normal operation and
during maintenance activities.
Q2. With respect to the steering gear, answer the following: A. Explain with a diagram, a fail safe steering gear suitable for use on a
tanker of more than 100000 T dwt; B. Explain the sequence of events that take place when an oil leak takes place in one of the hydraulic
pipe lines.
Q3. With regards to care of lubricating oils on board answer the following A. Microbial degradation of lubricating oil and measures to
prevent the same; B. Method of ensuring correct sampling is done for the purpose of shore based testing; C. If shore based testing
results show abnormal value of water content and TBN for crank case lube oil of a slow speed main engine, what will be interpretation
and subsequent action?
Q4: State with reasons how cracking in EACH of the following location is caused rectified and avoided - 1. A-frame 2. Bedplate
longitudinal girder; 3. Bed plate transverse girder
Q5. Describe how you, as Second Engineer, would prepare an auxiliary boiler for survey by a classification society.
Q6. With reference to feed regulation:
A. Describe, with the aid of sketches, the operation of a boiler feed water regulator controlled by atleast two other parameters besides
water level in the drum;
B. Give reasons for the inclusion of the other elements besides water level in controlling feed flow;
C. Deduce the possible effects on the system w3hen the drain valve in the constant leg in the level transmitter starts to leak.
Q7. Sketch a sealing arrangement for an oil lubricated stern tube.
A. Identify the common form of seal failure; B. State how oil loss due to seal failure can be restricted whist on passage; C. What material
is used for sealing ring and propeller shaft liner?
Q8: A. State the laboratory tests that may be carried out on specimens of steel for ships plate giving reasons for the tests.
B. The basic compositions of two ships plates are given in Table below one is an example of modem practice whilst the other is a
specification of a 1940s tanker that split in two due to brittle fracture. Compare these two specifications critically and explain which of
these two steels would be most resistant to brittle fracture.
Q9: A. Draw a diagram of a 4 ram hydraulic steering gear showing
i. Pump, isolating valves; ii. Relief / Shock valves; iii. By pass valve; B. Explain the operation of the system sketched; C. Indicate in the
diagram the valve position for operation of the system when one pump is isolated and the unit is operating on 2 rams only.

JANUARY 2016
Q1. You have recently joined a vessel as Second Engineer Officer. For the past several voyages it been the practice on board to
dispense with the use of the exhaust gas boiler and leave it to dry. As part of an overall economy drive the company has requested
you to re-commission boiler. Write a letter to the Superintendent Engineer stating how the boiler was brought on line the safety
valves adjusted.
Q2. A. Describe an automatic self sludging centrifuge suitable for dealing with fuel of density up to 1010 kg/m3 at 150C; B. Explain
how the centrifuge described in Q.4 A. is able to remove water from a fuel which has a density that is higher than that of water and
state factors that may assist the operation.
C. As Second Engineer, write down the start-up procedure for the centrifuge described in Q.4 A. for the benefit of your staff; D. State
how the problem of catalytic fines in fuel oil may be dealt with.
Q3. A. Explain how analysis of used lubricating oil can be used as a health-monitoring tool for diesel engines.
B. Describe how vibration measurement can be used with a main engine turbo-charger: - i. For fault analysis. ii. For condition
monitoring with respect to maintenance. iii. As a substitute to opening up machinery for survey.
Q4. With reference to hydraulic steering gears, sketch and describe each of the following:
i. Single failure concept; ii. 100 percent redundancy.
Q5. A. State why fixed pitch propellers have a poor efficiency when going astern; B. With reference to controllable pitch propellers
state: (i) Why is it preferable that the main servomotor be housed in the propeller hub rather than in the shafting forward of the
propeller shaft?; (ii) What regular maintenance and checks should be carried out to ensure maximum reliability of the gear at all
times?
Q6. With regards to main transmission shaft flange coupling arrangements:
A. Sketch a hollow type coupling bolt and the hydraulic head/nut and loading rod which are used to fit it; B. Describe how the bolt is
fitted; C. State the advantage of the hollow coupling bolt as compared to the traditional type of coupling bolt.
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QUESTION BANK - EKG

Q7. A. Explain why centrifugal pumps cannot handle air or vapours to effect priming yet turbo- blowers operating on the same
principle can; B. If a vessel is fully laden, how may it be ascertained that the fire pump pinning arrangements would operate
satisfactorily in the ballast condition; C. Explain a method of priming suitable for a centrifugal pump.
Q8. A. Describe a transverse bow thrust unit using a controllable pitch propeller. Mention should be made of how it is supported
and how the strength of thrust and reverse thrust are achieved; B. State with reasons, a suitable prime mover for the controllable
pitch propeller; C. State whether the thrust unit delivers a relatively low pressure head with high volume output or high pressure head
with low volume output.
Q9. A. Reverse osmosis is the modern alternative for shipboard production of drinking water; B. Describe using simple diagrams if
necessary, the principle of reverse osmosis; C. Sketch a line diagram showing a single pass system for producing fresh water from
sea water. D. Describe such a system.

DECEMBER 2015
Q1. A. Describe the procedure to be adopted for the inspection of a safety valve fitted to an exhaust gas boiler stating, with reasons,
which parts should receive particularly close attention.
B. Describe the procedure for the setting of safety valves of exhaust gas operated auxiliary boilers;
C. Explain the action a Chief Engineer should take after the setting of safety valves as in (B)
Q2. The pipe work of the sea water circulation system for a passenger ship has to be completely renewed. The company contracted for
the work has no previous experience of marine installation. You as the Second engineer have been requested to write the specification
for manufacture and installation of the steel pipe; outline your proposal for manufacture of the pipe; State the necessary requirements
for approval.
Q3. An auxiliary engine exhibits a tendency to hunt to such an extent that the engine speed variation prohibits the connection of the
machine to the switchboard. (a) Discuss the possible causes of hunting. (b) Explain how the problem of hunting can be rectified.
Q4. A. Describe an automatic self sludging centrifuge suitable for dealing with fuel of density up to 1010 kg/m3 at 150C; B. Explain how
the centrifuge described in Q1 (a) is able to remove water from a fuel which has a density that is higher than that of water and state
factors that may assist the operation.
C. As Second Engineer, write down the start-up procedure for the centrifuge described in Q1 (a) for the benefit of your staff; D. State
how the problem of catalytic fines in fuel oil may be dealt with.
Q5. A. Discuss the possible reasons for the following changes in boiler water test results, and state what actions should be taken in
each case;
1. Reduction in total dissolved solids and chemical reserves.
2. Reduction in phosphate reserve, with increase in chlorides and total dissolved solids;
3. Reduction in alkalinity reserve only.
4. Increase in oxygen levels only.
B. State why the complete results of boiler water tests are logged or entered into a data retrieval system rather than a note being made
of any particular result which may be outside set limits.
Q6. (a) Describe the principle of coil-operated break suitable for winches and other deck machinery. (b) Explain with suitable sketches
how the windlass is relieved of strain when riding at anchor
Q7. Explain the action of EACH of the following metallurgical mechanisms:
I. Creep; ii. Brenelling; iii. Fretting; IV. Fretting corrosion.
B. State, with reasons, where EACH of the mechanisms in Q (A) may occur in ship propulsion System.
Q8. With reference to hydraulic steering gears, sketch and describe each of the following: A. Single failure concept; B. 100% redundancy.
Q9. A. State why fixed pitch propellers have a poor efficiency when going astern.
B. With reference to controllable pitch propellers state:
i. Why is it preferable that the main servomotor be housed in the propeller hub rather than in the shafting forward of the propeller shaft?
ii. What regular maintenance and checks should be carried out to ensure maximum reliability of the gear at all times?

NOVEMBER 2015
Q1. A. Sketch a ships indirect refrigeration system arranged for cooling containers stowed in stacks in the hold; B. Describe the
refrigeration system sketched in (A) ; C. State the advantages of the system described in (A) compared with containers with their own
refrigeration self-contained units.
Q2: With reference to sleeved keyless propeller assemblies: a. (i) State, with reasons, the metals used in the manufacture of the sleeve
and tail end shaft;
(ii)State the type and thickness of material used to bond the sleeve to the propeller boss.
B. When removing the propeller from the tail end shaft, state why the following procedures are not recommended: (i) Application of push
off force by means of wedges or jacks and draw off force by strong back; (ii) Expansion of propeller boss by concentrated local heating
with gas torches.
C. State the correct procedure for the removal of the propeller from tail end shaft
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QUESTION BANK - EKG

7
Q3. Sketch a high lift safety valve and seat detailing their special features; Describe how such a valve is overhauled and any clearance
that should be measured and noted.
Q4. Give reasons why each of the following features is considered desirable in air compressors.
A. Smooth air passages with minimum obstruction at valves; B. Minimum clearance volume
C. Multi-tubular heat exchangers; D. Generous size of suction filter.
Q5. A. Sketch, and describe, a valve suitable for reducing air pressure and maintaining the reduced pressure within close limits. B.
Describe the processes through which air from the starting air receivers should be treated before it is used in a pneumatic control
system.
Q6. With respect to refrigeration gases used on-board vessels, answer the following
A. Explain ozone depleting potential of conventional refrigerant gases
B. Name the alternate refrigerant gases available and being used onboard.
C. Explain the steps you will take to ensure that release of refrigerant gases from the plant is minimized during normal operation and
during maintenance activities.
Q7. With respect to the steering gear, answer the following:
A. Explain with a diagram, a fail safe steering gear suitable for use on a tanker of more than 100000 T dwt; B. Explain the sequence
of events that take place when an oil leak takes place in one of the hydraulic pipe lines.
Q8. With regards to care of lubricating oils on board answer the following A. Microbial degradation of lubricating oil and measures to
prevent the same; B. Method of ensuring correct sampling is done for the purpose of shore based testing; C. If shore based testing
results show abnormal value of water content and TBN for crank case lube oil of a slow speed main engine, what will be interpretation
and subsequent action?
Q9. With reference to feed regulation:
A. Describe, with the aid of sketches, the operation of a boiler feed water regulator controlled by atleast two other parameters besides
water level in the drum;
B. Give reasons for the inclusion of the other elements besides water level in controlling feed flow;
C. Deduce the possible effects on the system w3hen the drain valve in the constant leg in the level transmitter starts to leak.

OCTOBER 2015
Q1.You have been appointed as Second Engineer of an older vessel which is in dry-docking and recently been purchased by your
shipping company. Describe, in detail about your inspection, to ensure that the equipments on board ship related to safety equipment
(equipments related to fire fighting and lifesaving) survey are satisfactorily complied with.
Q2. (a) With respect to auxiliary boiler water level maintenance and indication, describe, with the aid of sketchs, the sensing devices
for.
(i) A feed pump control;
(ii) Local water level;
(iii) Remote water level;
(iv) Low and high water level alarms.
Q3. A. Describe with the aid of sketches where necessary a vane type steering gear showing how to weight of the rudder and stock
are carried and the arrangement that allow for wear down; B. State how the vanes described in A. are secured and the method of
sealing the edges; C. State how, if necessary, the steering gear is locked for rudder maintenance.
Q4. A. With reference to fatigue of engineering components explain the influence of stress level at cyclical frequency on expected
operating life; B. Explain the influence of material defects on the safe operating life of engineering component; C. State the factors
which influence the possibility of fatigue cracking of a bed plate transverse girder and explain how the risk of such cracking can be
minimized.
Q5. With regards to the safety valve fitted to a boiler - A. State why an easing gear is fitted; B. Discuss the conditions under which
easing gear may be used; C. State the precaution that may have to be taken during the use of easing gear; D. State why an open
drain from the valve is considered necessary; E. Outline the protection the valve has against being tampered.
Q6. (a) Describe the principle of coil-operated break suitable for winches and other deck machinery.
(b) Explain with suitable sketches how the windlass is relieved of strain when riding at anchor.
Q7. With respect to tankers describes: A. How a pump room is ventilated? B. How cargo tanks are ventilated? C. The main problem
of carrying liquefied natural gas. D. How the boil off from liquefied natural gas is handled?
Q8. Describe the possible faults which may be found during a dry-dock inspection of the following; A. Stern frame; B. Sea chest; C.
Bilge keel; D. Anodes; E. Rudders.
Q9. With reference to oily water separators:- A. Describe with the aid of a sketch, the working of such a separator; B. Explain the
consequence if the interface detector position is incorrect; C. Enumerate the various possibilities by which oil / water interface can
be disturbed.

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QUESTION BANK - EKG

SEPTEMBER 2015
Q1. A. Describe the procedure to be adopted for the inspection of a safety valve fitted to an exhaust gas boiler stating, with reasons,
which parts should receive particularly close attention; B. Describe the procedure for the setting of safety valves of exhaust gas
operated auxiliary boilers; C. Explain the action a Chief Engineer should take after the setting of safety valves as in (B)
Q2. With reference to the carriage and pumping of liquefied gas cargo: A. Sketch a suitable pumping system labeling the component
parts; State; B. Why submerged hydraulically driven pumps are not used; C. How overheating of pump drive shaft bearings is avoided;
D. State, how the risk of fire and explosion in cargo tanks is obviated both in the loaded and discharged condition.
Q3. With reference to electro-hydraulic steering gears: A. Explain in terms of control parlance, the function of the Hunting gear; B.
Explain the consequences if the standby pumping unit is motored; C. State TWO methods employed to prevent the standby hydraulic
pump being motored by the operating unit.
Q4. A. Explain the necessity of intercoolers on a multi-stage compressor. What attention is required to keep them safe and in good
working order?
B. Sketch and describe an intercooler suitable for a 2400kpa compressor and state materials used.
C. What attention is needed before opening up for inspection? What faults are likely to develop in an air compressor and how are
they remedied
Q5. Explain how the ingress of sea water is prevented in an oil lubricated stern bearing system. Should the system fail, describe the
corrective action possible whilst the vessel is afloat. State why two stern bearing oil header tanks are fitted in some instances?
Q6. With reference to multi-tubular heat exchangers explain:
How and where impingement attack is likely to occur in the multi-tubular heat exchangers tubes Why is it desirable that coolant flow
rate should not exceed that required to maintain correct fluid temperature Ample well-shaped water boxes and smooth tube inlets
are desirable in multi-tubular heat exchangers Partial obstruction of tube bore is a common cause of multi-tubular heat exchangers
tube failure.
Q7. With respect to refrigeration gases used onboard vessels, answer the following

A. Explain ozone depleting potential of conventional refrigerant gases


B. Name the alternate refrigerant gases available and being used onboard.
C. Explain the steps you will take to ensure that release of refrigerant gases from the plant is minimized during normal operation and
during maintenance activities.
Q8. Compare and contrast the destructive testing done on engineering materials with non-destructive testing done on engineering
components. Briefly describe one destructive test to illustrate the answer
Q9. With regards to care of lubricating oils on board answer the following.
A. Microbial degradation of lubricating oil and measures to prevent the same; B. Method of ensuring correct sampling is done for the
purpose of shore based testing; C. If shore based testing results show abnormal value of water content and TBN for crank case lube oil
of a slow speed main engine, what will be interpretation and subsequent action?

AUGUST 2015
Q1. Sketch and describe a boiler water level controller of the float operated type. State the reasons for having this mechanism on the
boiler and using this controller and boiler for analogy. Explain the following terms: Detecting element; B. Servo motor; C. Desired Value
Q2. Discuss the causes of corrosion and means by which corrosion of the following may be limited by manufacturers and ships personnel
respectively: - A. Internal and External surfaces of auxiliary steam lines; B. External surfaces of auxiliary boilers; C. Water boxes of sea
water coolers and condensers; D. Main sea water inlet pipes.
Q3. A. Explain the action of EACH of the following metallurgical mechanisms:
I. Creep; ii. Brenelling; iii. Fretting; IV. Fretting corrosion.
B. State, with reasons, where EACH of the mechanisms in Q (A) may occur in ship propulsion System.
Q4. A rudder of a vessel requires extensive welding repairs and as Second Engineer you are requested to supervise.
A. Suggest a suitable type of welding process; B. State, with reasons, FOUR common welding defects.
C. State what tests may be carried out before returning the rudder to service.
Q5. With regards to main transmission shaft flange coupling arrangements:
A. Sketch a hollow type coupling bolt and the hydraulic head/nut and loading rod which are used to fit it; B. Describe how the bolt is
fitted; C. State the advantage of the hollow coupling bolt as compared to the traditional type of coupling bolt.
Q6. Describe with a sketch a pneumatic relay and show how feed back can be achieved when such a relay is used in conjunction with a
flapper mechanism
Q7. A. Explain why centrifugal pumps cannot handle air or vapours to effect priming yet turbo- blowers operating on the same principle
can; B. If a vessel is fully laden, how it may be ascertained that the fire pump priming arrangements would operate satisfactorily in the
ballast condition; C. Explain a method of priming suitable for a centrifugal pump.
Q8. A. Describe a transverse bow thrust unit using cpp, mention how it should be made to support and how the strength of thrust and
reverse thrust are achieved; B. State with reasons, a suitable prime mover for the controllable pitch propeller; C. State whether the thrust
unit delivers a relatively low pressure head with high volume output or high pressure head with low volume output.
Q9. Reverse osmosis is the modern alternative for shipboard production of drinking water.
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A. Describe using simple diagrams if necessary, the principle of reverse osmosis.


B. Sketch a line diagram showing a single pass system for producing fresh water from sea water. (ii)Describe such a system.

JULY 2015
Q1. A. Explain the ideal design requirements of a ships propeller; B. briefly describe the propeller maintenance that should be carried
out to prevent the fuel being wasted.
Q2. With reference to lifeboats, describe with the aid of sketches:
i. The handbrake used for lowering and state how it may be tested; ii. The centrifugal brake and state the method of testing; iii. Lifeboat
servicing requirement and intervals for life boat wire fall renewal as per SOLAS 74.
iv. The handbrake used for lowering
Q3. A. Explain the causes of the formation of mill scale on steel plate
Describe the preparation necessary before the application of conventional paints to the underwater surface of the hull; C. Describe a
coating scheme for the underwater hull using conventional paints.
Q4. A. (i) Sketch a combustion gas system, suitable for inerting the cargo spaces of a vessel; (ii)Describe the operation of this system.
B. State the percentage analysis by volume of the inert gas generated by the system in (A).
Q5. With regards to keeping the gas side of a boiler in good condition discuss each of the following
A. The mechanism of combustion stating the factors which are important for good combustion; B. Fuel oil treatment; C. Soot removal
equipment.
Q6. A. Draw a block diagram for a fully automated accommodation air conditioning unit, labelling the component parts and indicating
the directions of air flow; b. Explain why the unit includes means of dehumidification and humidification; c. A chart is used for ensuring
that the accommodation conditions are within the so called Comfort Zone: what useful information does the chart give?
Q7. With reference to air compressors give a reasoned opinion as to the accuracy of the following statements
A. Bottom end and main bearing wear down is critical to compressor performance
B. High flow rates in air discharge lines are desirable
C. The smoother bore and the less obstruction in discharge lines and valves, the better.
Q8. Explain why regular testing of water in auxiliary boiler is desirable; for each test i.e. is carried out; Reason for making test; Acceptable
values for any particular type of boiler; Action to be taken if measured value differs from desired value.
Q9. With reference to oil monitoring of bilge and tanker ballast discharges:
A. Describe with the aid of a sketch, the general arrangements of an oil monitoring system; B. State the inputs that are recorded; C.
Explain the difficulties encountered with the efficient operation of the oil monitoring.

JUNE 2015
Q1. With regards to care of lubricating oils on board answer the following A. Microbial degradation of lubricating oil and measures to
prevent the same; B. Method of ensuring correct sampling is done for the purpose of shore based testing; C. If shore based testing
results show abnormal value of water content and TBN for crank case lube oil of a slow speed main engine, what will be interpretation
and subsequent action?
Q2. Compare and contrast the destructive testing done on engineering materials with non-destructive testing done on engineering
components. Briefly describe one destructive test to illustrate the answer
Q3. What do you understand by safematic steering gear and how does it work?
Q4. A. With reference to fatigue of engineering components explain the influence of stress level at cyclical frequency on expected
operating life.; B. Explain the influence of material defects on the safe operating life of engineering component; C. State the factors which
influence the possibility of fatigue cracking of a bed plate transverse girder and explain how the risk of such cracking can be minimized.
Q5. With respect to tankers describes: - A. How a pump room is ventilated? B. How cargo tanks are ventilated? C. Cargo tank protection
as per SOLAS 1974; D. Additional alarms provided for inert gas systems of the inert gas generator type.
Q6. Describe the possible faults which may be found during a dry-dock inspection of the following; A. Stern frame; B. Sea chest; C. Bilge
keel; D. Anodes; E. Rudders.
Q7. With reference to oily water separators:- A. Describe with the aid of a sketch, the working of such a separator; B. Explain the
consequence if the interface detector position is incorrect; C. Enumerate the various possibilities by which oil / water interface can be
disturbed.
Q8. A. Describe the procedure to be adopted for the inspection of a safety valve fitted to an exhaust gas boiler stating, with reasons,
which parts should receive particularly close attention; B. Describe the procedure for the setting of safety valves of exhaust gas operated
auxiliary boilers; C. Explain the action a Chief Engineer should take after the setting of safety valves as in (B)
Q9. With reference to hydraulic system for deck machinery identify: A. The types of contamination likely to be found in hydraulic systems
for deck machinery; B. The sources of such impurities; C. Means used to prevent problems with contamination; D. Possible effects of the
oil contamination on the system.

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APRIL 2015
Q1. During a loaded sea passage an unusual noise followed by excessive vibrations were experienced in the engine room of your vessel
while she was underway. Vessel is fitted with a four bladed propeller directly coupled to a 2 stroke Diesel engine. Engine room is located
aft. After preliminary investigation and from the engine parameters, you have come to the conclusion that propeller has sustained
damage. Write a letter to your company reporting this incidence and justification for your conclusion suggesting future course of action.
Q2. Draw a line diagram of an accommodation air conditioning plant labelling the principle items and showing the direction of airflow.
State how: A. Accommodation air temperature is controlled; B. Humidity is controlled within prescribed comfort limits; C. such an
installation can contribute to the efficiency if ships main plant
Q3. A. Sketch in diagrammatic form, a refrigeration unit operating on the vapour compression system.
B. Describe how it operates and how adjustments can be made to its operating temperature.
C. What effect will the following have on its operation i. high ambient temperature. ii. Gradual loss of gas. iii. Dirty heat exchanger
Q4. During routine soundings it is found that leakage into a cofferdam is occurring from an adjacent deep cargo oil tank. As Second
Engineer state the procedure for directing safe entry by the engine room staff to ascertain the cause of the leakage. If the leakage
persists discuss EACH of the following options as a possible remedy:
i) Leave the cofferdam to flood with oil (ii) Flood the cofferdam with sea water (iii) Seal the Cofferdam and pressurize with air (iv) Pump
the leakage to bunker tanks.
Q5. Discuss, with reference to the super heater outlet temperature of a main boiler operating at a constant load, the following
statements: - A. An increase in excess air will tend to cause a decrease in super heater outlet temperature due to the cooling effect of
more air being introduced; B. A decrease in economizer inlet temperature will tend to cause a decrease in super heater outlet
temperature due to the cooling effect of more water being introduced.
C. Badly fouled generating tube banks will cause an increase in the super heater outlet temperature.
D. Excessive amounts of total dissolved solids in the boiler water will cause variations in the super heater outlet temperature.
Q6. With reference to hydraulic system for deck machinery identify: A. The types of contamination likely to be found in hydraulic systems
for deck machinery; B. The sources of such impurities; C. Means used to prevent problems with contamination; D. Possible effects of the
oil contamination on the system.
Q7. Sketch a high lift safety valve and seat detailing their special features; Describe how such a valve is overhauled and any clearance
that should be measured and noted.
Q8. A. Sketch and describe TWO methods that employ manometric means for measuring tank contents.
B. State what corrections are made to the readings obtained by the methods described in (A) in order to gauge the mass contents? C.
Explain how bunkering requirements may be estimated when no records of main engine fuel consumption are available on board.
Q9. A. Describe with the aid of sketches where necessary a vane type steering gear showing how to weight of the rudder and stock are
carried and the arrangement that allow for wear down; B. State how the vanes described in (A) are secured and the method of sealing
the edges; C. State how, if necessary, the steering gear is locked for rudder maintenance.

MARCH 2015
Q1. A. State the standing instruction you, as Second Engineer, would issue with respect to the action to be taken in the event of a boiler
uptake fire; B. State how the incidence of uptake fires may be minimized; C. State the reasons for blow back from the furnace of an
auxiliary boiler; D. State the standing instruction you, as Second Engineer would issue with respect to the avoidance of boiler furnace
blow back.
Q2. With reference to hydraulic system for deck machinery identify: A. the types of contamination likely to be found in hydraulic systems
for deck machinery; B. The sources of such impurities; C. Means used to prevent problems with contamination; D. Possible effects of the
oil contamination on the system.
Q3. Sketch and describe a cargo space inert gas system producing washed gas from either a main boiler or from an independent gas
generator module. Elaborate the alarms and cut-outs incorporated in the system to prevent any accident; Explain the various protections
for cargo tanks with respect to pressure vacuum build up inside the tanks.
Q4. A. Identify the chief causes of overheating in tunnel bearings and of vibration in main shafting.
B. Explain why the seating of the engine room amidships enhances these tendencies.
C. State how overheating and vibration may be reduced or eliminated.
Q5. A. Examine in detail three common but entirely different reasons for loss of steering gear systems.
B. State how failure is inhibited in the design, operation and maintenance of steering gear systems
C. Describe how a vessel may make port upon irreparable failure of the steering telemotor
Q6. State why the temperature of lubricating oil supplied to an engine needs close control.
Sketch and describe an arrangement and explain the principle of operation of instrumentation and control equipment for automatically
maintaining the temperature of lubricating oil supplied to an engine at its desired value
Q7. A. Explain the necessity of intercoolers on a multi-stage compressor. What attention is required to keep them safe and in good
working order?
B. Sketch and describe an intercooler suitable for a 2400kpa compressor and state materials used.
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C. What attention is needed before opening up for inspection? What faults are likely to develop in an air compressor and how are they
remedied.
Q8. Explain how the ingress of sea water is prevented in an oil lubricated stern bearing system. Should the system fail, describe the
corrective action possible whilst the vessel is afloat. State why two stern bearing oil header tanks are fitted in some instances?
Q9. A. What are the conditions required in the cylinders of a marine diesel engine for good combustion.
B. State under normal working conditions how the following may occur Black smoke, White smoke, Blue smoke. C. What may be the
suspected cause for each case to occur? What would be the remedy for it?

FEBRUARY 2015
SAME AS SEPTEMBER 2015

JANUARY 2015
Q1. A. Sketch a ships indirect refrigeration system arranged for cooling containers stowed in stacks in the hold; B. Describe the
refrigeration system sketched in (A) ; C. State the advantages of the system described in (A) compared with containers with their own
refrigeration self-contained units.
Q2: With reference to sleeved keyless propeller assemblies:
A. (i) State, with reasons, the metals used in the manufacture of the sleeve and tail end shaft;
(ii)State the type and thickness of material used to bond the sleeve to the propeller boss.
B. When removing the propeller from the tail end shaft, state why the following procedures are not recommended: (i) Application of push
off force by means of wedges or jacks and draw off force by strong back; (ii) Expansion of propeller boss by concentrated local heating
with gas torches.
C. State the correct procedure for the removal of the propeller from tail end shaft
Q3. Sketch a high lift safety valve and seat detailing their special features; Describe how such a valve is overhauled and any clearance
that should be measured and noted.
Q4. Give reasons why each of the following features is considered desirable in air compressors.
A. Smooth air passages with minimum obstruction at valves; B. Minimum clearance volume
C. Multi-tubular heat exchangers; D. Generous size of suction filter.
Q5. A. Sketch, and describe, a valve suitable for reducing air pressure and maintaining the reduced pressure within close limits. B.
Describe the processes through which air from the starting air receivers should be treated before it is used in a pneumatic control
system.
Q6. With respect to refrigeration gases used onboard vessels, answer the following
A. Explain ozone depleting potential of conventional refrigerant gases
B. Name the alternate refrigerant gases available and being used onboard.
C. Explain the steps you will take to ensure that release of refrigerant gases from the plant is minimized during normal operation and
during maintenance activities.
Q7. With respect to the steering gear, answer the following:
A. Explain with a diagram, a "fail safe steering gear" suitable for use on a tanker of more than 100000 T dwt; B. Explain the sequence
of events that take place when an oil leak takes place in one of the hydraulic pipe lines.
Q8. With regards to care of lubricating oils on board answer the following.
A. Microbial degradation of lubricating oil and measures to prevent the same; B. Method of ensuring correct sampling is done for the
purpose of shore based testing; C. If shore based testing results show abnormal value of water content and TBN for crank case lube oil
of a slow speed main engine, what will be interpretation and subsequent action?
Q9. With reference to feed regulation:
A. Describe, with the aid of sketches, the operation of a boiler feed water regulator controlled by atleast two other parameters besides
water level in the drum; B. Give reasons for the inclusion of the other elements besides water level in controlling feed flow; C. Deduce
the possible effects on the system w3hen the drain valve in the constant leg in the level transmitter starts to leak.

DECEMBER 2014
Q1. A. With reference to fatigue of engineering components explain the influence of stress level at cyclical frequency on expected
operating life.; B. Explain the influence of material defects on the safe operating life of engineering component; C. State the factors which
influence the possibility of fatigue cracking of a bed plate transverse girder and explain how the risk of such cracking can be minimized.
Q2. Sketch suitable welded joints indicating the approximate plate thickness and dimensions of preparation for the following purposes
- A. End plate connection to the shell of an unfired pressure vessel; B. Longitudinal seam of an unfired pressure vessel; C. Prefabricated
combustion chamber for an auxiliary boiler
Q3: A. (i) Sketch a combustion gas system, suitable for inerting the cargo spaces of a vessel; (ii) Describe the operation of this system.
B. State the percentage analysis by volume of the inert gas generated by the system in (A).
Q4: An auxiliary engine exhibits a tendency to hunt to such an extent that the engine speed variation prohibits the connection of the
machine to the switchboard. (a) Discuss the possible causes of hunting. (b) Explain how the problem of hunting can be rectified.
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Q5. A. Explain why it is essential to ensure adequate cooling of air compressor cylinders, inter coolers and after coolers; B. State with
reasons the possible consequences of prolonged operation of the compressor if these areas are not adequately cooled.
Q6. A. Sketch a ships indirect refrigeration system arranged for cooling containers stowed in stacks in the hold; B. Describe the
refrigeration system sketched in (A) ; C. State the advantages of the system described in (A) compared with containers with their own
refrigeration self-contained units.
Q7: With reference to sleeved keyless propeller assemblies:
A. (i) State, with reasons, the metals used in the manufacture of the sleeve and tail end shaft; (ii)State the type and thickness of material
used to bond the sleeve to the propeller boss.
B. When removing the propeller from the tail end shaft, state why the following procedures are not recommended: (i) Application of push
off force by means of wedges or jacks and draw off force by strong back; (ii) Expansion of propeller boss by concentrated local heating
with gas torches.
C. State the correct procedure for the removal of the propeller from tail end shaft
Q8. A. Sketch, and describe, a valve suitable for reducing air pressure and maintaining the reduced pressure within close limits. B.
Describe the processes through which air from the starting air receivers should be treated before it is used in a pneumatic control
system.
Q9. Give reasons why each of the following features is considered desirable in air compressors.
A. Smooth air passages with minimum obstruction at valves; B. Minimum clearance volume
C. Multi-tubular heat exchangers; D. Generous size of suction filter.

NOVEMBER 2014
Q1. With regards to care of lubricating oils on board answer the following.
A. Microbial degradation of lubricating oil and measures to prevent the same; B. Method of ensuring correct sampling is done for the
purpose of shore based testing; C. If shore based testing results show abnormal value of water content and TBN for crank case lube oil
of a slow speed main engine, what will be interpretation and subsequent action?
Q2. A. Describe the procedure to be adopted for the inspection of a safety valve fitted to an exhaust gas boiler stating, with reasons,
which parts should receive particularly close attention; B. Describe the procedure for the setting of safety valves of exhaust gas operated
auxiliary boilers; C. Explain the action a Chief Engineer should take after the setting of safety valves as in (B)
Q3. With reference to hydraulic system for deck machinery identify - A. The types of contamination likely to be found in hydraulic systems
for deck machinery; B. The sources of such impurities; C. Means used to prevent problems with contamination; D. Possible effects of the
oil contamination on the system.
Q4. With reference to electro-hydraulic steering gears: A. Explain in terms of control parlance, the function of the Hunting gear; B.
Explain the consequences if the standby pumping unit is motored; C. State TWO methods employed to prevent the standby hydraulic
pump being motored by the operating unit.
Q5. A. Explain how and why the performance of reciprocating air compressor tends to fall off in service.
B. State how fall off is indicated and to what extent permissible before correction; C. Describe how optimum performance is restored;
D. What is the significance of clearance volume: for reciprocating air compressors.
Q6. With regards to main transmission shaft flange coupling arrangements - A. Sketch a hollow type coupling bolt and the hydraulic
head/nut and loading rod which are used to fit it; B. Describe how the bolt is fitted; C. State the advantage of the hollow coupling bolt
as compared to the traditional type of coupling bolt.
Q7. A. Explain why centrifugal pumps cannot handle air or vapours to effect priming yet turbo- blowers operating on the same principle
can; B. If a vessel is fully laden, how mayit be ascertained that the fire pump priming arrangements would operate satisfactorily in the
ballast condition; C. Explain a method of priming suitable for a centrifugal pump.
Q8. A. Describe a transverse bow thrust unit using cpp, mention how it should be made to support and how the strength of thrust and
reverse thrust are achieved; B. State with reasons, a suitable prime mover for the controllable pitch propeller; C. State whether the thrust
unit delivers a relatively low pressure head with high volume output or high pressure head with low volume output.
Q9. Reverse osmosis is the modern alternative for shipboard production of drinking water.
Describe using simple diagrams if necessary, the principle of reverse osmosis.
(I) Sketch a line diagram showing a single pass system for producing fresh water from sea water. (ii)Describe such a system.

OCTOBER 2014
Q1. A. State the standing instruction you, as Second Engineer, would issue with respect to the action to be taken in the event of a boiler
uptake fire; B. State how the incidence of uptake fires may be minimized; C. State the reasons for blow back from the furnace of an
auxiliary boiler; D. State the standing instruction you, as Second Engineer would issue with respect to the avoidance of boiler furnace
blow back.
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Q2.With reference to deck machinery identify: - A. The types of contamination likely to be found in hydraulic systems for deck machinery;
B. The sources of such impurities; C. Means used to prevent problems with contamination; D. Possible effects of the oil contamination
on the system.
Q3. Sketch and describe a cargo space inert gas system producing washed gas from either a main boiler or from an independent gas
generator module. Elaborate the alarms and cut-outs incorporated in the system to prevent any accident.; Explain the various protections
for cargo tanks with respect to pressure vacuum build up inside the tanks.
Q4. A. Explain how and why the performance of reciprocating air compressor tends to fall off in service.
B. State how fall off is indicated and to what extent permissible before correction; C. Describe how optimum performance is restored;
D. What is the significance of clearance volume: for reciprocating air compressors.
Q5. With reference to lifeboats, describe with the aid of sketches:
The handbrake used for lowering and state how it may be tested; The centrifugal brake and state the method of testing;
Lifeboat servicing requirement and intervals for life boat wire fall renewal as per SOLAS 74.
The handbrake used for lowering
Q6. A. Explain the causes of the formation of mill scale on steel plate
B. Describe the preparation necessary before the application of conventional paints to the underwater surface of the hull. C. Describe a
coating scheme for the underwater hull using conventional paints.
Q7. A. Draw a block diagram for a fully automated accommodation air conditioning unit, labelling the component parts and indicating
the directions of air flow; b. Explain why the unit includes means of dehumidification and humidification; c. A chart is used for ensuring
that the accommodation conditions are within the so called Comfort Zone: what useful information does the chart give?
Q8. Explain why regular testing of water in auxiliary boiler is desirable; for each test i.e. is carried out; Reason for making test; Acceptable
values for any particular type of boiler; Action to be taken if measured value differs from desired value.
Q9. A. Explain the action of EACH of the following metallurgical mechanisms - I. Creep; ii. Brenelling; iii. Fretting; IV. Fretting corrosion.
B. State, with reasons, where EACH of the mechanisms in Q (A) may occur in ship propulsion System.

SEPTEMBER 2014
Q1. Sketch a high lift safety valve and seat detailing their special features. Describe how such a valve is overhauled and any clearance
that should be measured and noted.
Q2. A. Describe with the aid of sketches where necessary a vane type steering gear showing how to weight of the rudder and stock are
carried and the arrangement that allow for wear down.
B. State how the vanes described in (A) are secured and the method of sealing the edges:
C. State how, if necessary, the steering gear is locked for rudder maintenance.
Q3. What do you understand by safematic steering gear and how does it work?
Q4. A. With reference to fatigue of engineering components explain the influence of stress level at cyclical frequency on expected
operating life.; B. Explain the influence of material defects on the safe operating life of engineering component.; C. State the factors
which influence the possibility of fatigue cracking of a bed plate transverse girder and explain how the risk of such cracking can be
minimized..
Q5. With respect to tankers describes - A. How a pump room is ventilated? B. How cargo tanks are ventilated? C. Cargo tank protection
as per SOLAS 1974; D. Additional alarms provided for inert gas systems of the inert gas generator type.
Q6. A. Sketch and describe TWO methods that employ manometric means for measuring tank contents.
B. State what corrections are made to the readings obtained by the methods described in (A) in order to gauge the mass contents; C.
Explain how bunkering requirements may be estimated when no records of main engine fuel consumption are available on board.
Q7. Describe the possible faults which may be found during a dry-dock inspection of the following; A. Stern frame; B. Sea chest; C. Bilge
keel; D. Anodes; E. Rudders.
Q8. With reference to oily water separators:- A. Describe with the aid of a sketch, the working of such a separator; B. Explain the
consequence if the interface detector position is incorrect; C. Enumerate the various possibilities by which oil / water interface can be
disturbed.
Q9. A. State the advantages of using steam turbine propulsion power for vessels carrying LNG cargo.
B. With regard to the use of L.N.G. cargo as boiler fuel explain: - (i)The safety precautions relating to the gas pipeline supplying the
boiler and burning the gas in the boiler, (ii) The means of getting rid of excess gases during loading or discharge.

AUGUST 2014
Q1. With regards to care of lubricating oils on board answer the following; A. Microbial degradation of lubricating oil and measures
to prevent the same; Method of ensuring correct sampling is done for the purpose of shore based testing; C. If shore based testing
results show abnormal value of water content and TBN for crank case lube oil of a slow speed main engine, what will be interpretation
and subsequent action?
Q2. A. Describe the procedure to be adopted for the inspection of a safety valve fitted to an exhaust gas boiler stating, with reasons,
which parts should receive particularly close attention; B. Describe the procedure for the setting of safety valves of exhaust gas
operated auxiliary boilers; C. Explain the action a Chief Engineer should take after the setting of safety valves as in (B)
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Q3: With reference to deck machinery identify - A. The types of contamination likely to be found in hydraulic systems for deck
machinery; B. The sources of such impurities; C. Means used to prevent problems with contamination; D. Possible effects of the oil
contamination on the system.
Q4. With reference to electro-hydraulic steering gears: A. Explain in terms of control parlance, the function of the Hunting gear;
B. Explain the consequences if the standby pumping unit is motored; C. State TWO methods employed to prevent the standby
hydraulic pump being motored by the operating unit.
Q5. A. Explain how and why the performance of reciprocating air compressor tends to fall off in service.
B. State how fall off is indicated and to what extent permissible before correction; C. Describe how optimum performance is
restored.; D. What is the significance of clearance volume: for reciprocating air compressors.
Q6. A. Sketch a Main Engine air starting system and describe how it operates.
B. List the safety devices and interlocks incorporated in such a system and state the purpose of each
Q7. A. Define the cause and effect of thermal stressing in cylinder heads, liners and pistons; B. Explain why thermal stressing is
aggravated with increase in cylinder bore; C. Explain how stress concentration and its effect is relieved by maintenance and
operational practices
Q8. A set of indicator diagrams including draw cards has been taken for a main diesel engine. Examine critically the following if the
compression curve is normal - i. The maximum pressure is lower ; ii. The maximum pressure is higher ; iii. The expansion curve is
lower ; iv. The expansion curve is higher;
B. Describe how the faults as mentioned above can be rectified
Q9. With respect to Diesel Engines, describe the cause of - i. Piston rings that is too tight in the piston grooves; ii. Corrosion of
piston rings; iii. Piston grooves that are worn; iv. Piston rings that is too slack with piston grooves.
B. Describe the effect of each of the faults listed above and the remedial action for each.

JULY 2014
Q1. A. Describe the procedure to be adopted for the inspection of a safety valve fitted to an exhaust gas boiler stating, with reasons,
which parts should receive particularly close attention; B. Describe the procedure for the setting of safety valves of exhaust gas
operated auxiliary boilers; C. Explain the action a Chief Engineer should take after the setting of safety valves as in (B)
Q2: An auxiliary engine exhibits a tendency to hunt to such an extent that the engine speed variation prohibits the connection of the
machine to the switchboard. (a) Discuss the possible causes of hunting. (b) Explain how the problem of hunting can be rectified.
Q3. A. Describe an automatic self sludging centrifuge suitable for dealing with fuel of density up to 1010 kg/m3 at 150C; B. Explain
how the centrifuge described in Q1 (a) is able to remove water from a fuel which has a density that is higher than that of water and
state factors that may assist the operation.
C. As Second Engineer, write down the start-up procedure for the centrifuge described in Q1 (a) for the benefit of your staff; D. State
how the problem of catalytic fines in fuel oil may be dealt with.
Q4. With reference to hydraulic steering gears, sketch and describe each of the following:
A. Single failure concept; B. 100 percent redundancy.
Q5. A. State why fixed pitch propellers have a poor efficiency when going astern.
B. With reference to controllable pitch propellers state: i. Why is it preferable that the main servomotor be housed in the propeller
hub rather than in the shafting forward of the propeller shaft? ii. What regular maintenance and checks should be carried out to
ensure maximum reliability of the gear at all times?
Q6. Sketch and describe a boiler water level controller of the float operated type. State the reasons for having this mechanism on
the boiler and using this controller and boiler for analogy. Explain the following terms:
A. Detecting element; B. Servo motor; C. Desired Value
Q7. Discuss the causes of corrosion and means by which corrosion of the following may be limited by manufacturers and ships
personnel respectively - A. Internal and External surfaces of auxiliary steam lines; B. External surfaces of auxiliary boilers; C. Water
boxes of sea water coolers and condensers; D. Main sea water inlet pipes.
Q8. A. State, with reasons, the causes of fatigue cracking of engineering components; B, State, with reasons how material
and design defects can influence fatigue life. C. With reference to engine bed plate transverse girders explain how the incidence of
fatigue cracking can be minimized.
Q9. With reference to reciprocating air compressors explain why; - A. Clearance volume is critical to efficiency; B. Spring-loaded plate
valves are invariably used; C. Compression is accomplished in apparently unequal stages; D. Inter cooling is used between stages.

JUNE 2014
Q1.Discuss the causes of vibration and noise in main gearing and describe detrimental effects on machinery and operating
personnel. How would you detect the source(s) of this vibration and how might it be reduced to tolerable limits?
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Q2. Describe the operation of overhauling, testing and setting a fuel valve for an auxiliary diesel engine. How the following diesel
engine faults should be rectified. A. Smokey Exhaust; B. One cylinder exhaust temperature is abnormally low; C. The engine does not
appear to be using any lubricating oil.
Q3. Describe the in-water survey to classification society requirements of the external underwater structure of a very large crude
carrier.
Q4. Sketch an automatic sprinkler system for combating fire in spaces of a ship and state; A. The safety devices incorporated in the
system; B. How the system changed; C. The parameters governing the volume of the pressure tank; D. Means provided to prevent
the passage of sea water into the pressure tank.
Q5. With respect to main boiler super heater arrangements: A. Compare the advantages and disadvantages of contra flow with
parallel flow design; B. Describe how the element tube banks are supported yet allow for expansion; C. Describe how boiler carryover
affects super heater effectiveness and condition.
Q6. An engine room is operating in the unmanned (UMS) mode, in the event of a failure of the UMS systems explain the arrangements
a second engineer officer should introduce to operate the machinery in manual mode for a passage of 10 days duration.
Q7. A. Sketch and describe TWO methods that employ manometric means for measuring tank contents.
B. State what corrections are made to the readings obtained by the methods described in (A) in order to gauge the mass contents;
C. Explain how bunkering requirements may be estimated when no records of main engine fuel consumption are available on board.
Q8. Explain why, in spite of accurate alignment under static conditions use of flexible couplings and copious supply of lubricant, main
reduction gearing in still subject to pitting, scuffing and other tooth damage; B. Discuss the significance of viscosity in relation to the
function of marine turbine oils as used in main propulsion installations, stating how the viscosity is controlled and what could cause
it to change in service.
Q9: With reference to sleeved keyless propeller assemblies:
A. (i) State, with reasons, the metals used in the manufacture of the sleeve and tail end shaft; (ii)State the type and thickness of
material used to bond the sleeve to the propeller boss.

APRIL 2014
Q1. A. Describe an automatic self sludging centrifuge suitable for dealing with fuel of density up to 1010 kg/m3 at 150C; B. Explain
how the centrifuge described in Q1 (a) is able to remove water from a fuel which has a density that is higher than that of water and
state factors that may assist the operation; C. As Second Engineer, write down the start-up procedure for the centrifuge described
in Q1 (a) for the benefit of your staff; D. State how the problem of catalytic fines in fuel oil may be dealt with.
Q2. A. Explain how analysis of used lubricating oil can be used as a health-monitoring tool for diesel engines.
B. Describe how vibration measurement can be used with a main engine turbo-charger - i. For fault analysis; ii. For condition
monitoring with respect to maintenance; iii. As a substitute to opening up machinery for survey.
Q3. With reference to hydraulic steering gears, sketch and describe each of the following: A. Single failure concept; B. 100 percent
redundancy.
Q4. A. State why fixed pitch propellers have a poor efficiency when going astern.
B. With reference to controllable pitch propellers state: i. Why is it preferable that the main servomotor be housed in the propeller
hub rather than in the shafting forward of the propeller shaft? ii. What regular maintenance and checks should be carried out to
ensure maximum reliability of the gear at all times?
Q5. With regards to main transmission shaft flange coupling arrangements:
A. Sketch a hollow type coupling bolt and the hydraulic head/nut and loading rod which are used to fit it; B. Describe how the bolt is
fitted; C. State the advantage of the hollow coupling bolt as compared to the traditional type of coupling bolt.
Q6. A. Explain why centrifugal pumps cannot handle air or vapours to effect priming yet turbo- blowers operating on the same
principle can; B. If a vessel is fully laden, how may it be ascertained that the fire pump priming arrangements would operate
satisfactorily in the ballast condition; C. Explain a method of priming suitable for a centrifugal pump.
Q7. A. Describe a transverse bow thrust unit using cpp, mention how it should be made to support and how the strength of thrust
and reverse thrust are achieved; B. State with reasons, a suitable prime mover for the controllable pitch propeller; C. State whether
the thrust unit delivers a relatively low pressure head with high volume outut or high pressure head with low volume output.
Q8. Reverse osmosis is the modern alternative for shipboard production of drinking water.
Describe using simple diagrams if necessary, the principle of reverse osmosis. (I) Sketch a line diagram showing a single pass system
for producing fresh water from sea water. (ii)Describe such a system.
Q9. Sketch a high lift safety valve and seat detailing their special features; Describe how such a valve is overhauled and any clearance
that should be measured and noted.

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MARCH 2014
Q1. A. Sketch a high lift safety valve and seat detailing their special features; B. Describe how such a valve is overhauled and any
clearance that should be measured and noted.
Q2. A. State, with reasons, the causes of fatigue cracking of engineering components; B, State, with reasons how material and
design defects can influence fatigue life. C. With reference to engine bed plate transverse girders explain how the incidence of fatigue
cracking can be minimized.
Q3. A. Describe with the aid of sketches where necessary a vane type steering gear showing how to weight of the rudder and stock
are carried and the arrangement that allow for wear down; B. State how the vanes described in (A) are secured and the method of
sealing the edges; C. State how, if necessary, the steering gear is locked for rudder maintenance.
Q4: A. The UMS monitoring and control system of your ship has recently started to give false alarms and incorrect data printouts.
State, with reasons, possible causes if the false alarms and reading are:
i. Localized to a particular area of engine operation; ii. General to the engine room.
B. State, with reasons, the action you, as Second Engineer, would take to ensure continued safe operation of the vessel if the defects
were general to the engine room; C. Explain the procedure you, as Second Engineer, would adopt in order to locate and rectify a
general fault in the UMS system.
Q5. Sketch suitable welded joints indicating the approximate plate thickness and dimensions of preparation for the following purposes
- A. End plate connection to the shell of an unfired pressure vessel; B. Longitudinal seam of an unfired pressure vessel; C.
Prefabricated combustion chamber for an auxiliary boiler
Q6: A. (i) Sketch a combustion gas system, suitable for inserting the cargo spaces of a vessel - (ii)Describe the operation of this
system; B. State the percentage analysis by volume of the inert gas generated by the system in Q.8 (A).
Q7. The pipe work of the sea water circulation system for a passenger ship has to be completely renewed. The company contracted
for the work has no previous experience of marine installation. You as the Second engineer have been requested to write the
specification for manufacture and installation of the steel pipe; outline your proposal for manufacture of the pipe; State the necessary
requirements for approval
Q8: An auxiliary engine exhibits a tendency to hunt to such an extent that the engine speed variation prohibits the connection of the
machine to the switchboard. (a) Discuss the possible causes of hunting. (b) Explain how the problem of hunting can be rectified.
Q9. With reference to the carriage and pumping of liquefied gas cargo: Sketch a suitable pumping system labeling the component
parts; State; Why submerged hydraulically driven pumps are not used; How overheating of pump drive shaft bearings is avoided;
State, how the risk of fire and explosion in cargo tanks is obviated both in the loaded and discharged condition.

FEBRUARY 2014
Q1. Sketch and describe a boiler water level controller of the float operated type. State the reasons for having this mechanism on
the boiler and using this controller and boiler for analogy. Explain the following terms: A. Detecting element; B. Servo motor; C.
Desired Value
Q2. Discuss the causes of corrosion and means by which corrosion of the following may be limited by manufacturers and ships
personnel respectively - A. Internal and External surfaces of auxiliary steam lines; B. External surfaces of auxiliary boilers; C. Water
boxes of sea water coolers and condensers; D. Main sea water inlet pipes.
Q3. A. Explain the action of EACH of the following metallurgical mechanisms - i. Creep; ii. Brenelling; iii. Fretting; iv. Fretting corrosion;
B. State, with reasons, where EACH of the mechanisms in Q7, (a) may occur in ship propulsion System.
Q4. A. Describe with the aid of sketches where necessary a vane type steering gear showing how to weight of the rudder and stock
are carried and the arrangement that allow for wear down; B. State how the vanes described in (A) are secured and the method of
sealing the edges; C. State how, if necessary, the steering gear is locked for rudder maintenance.
Q5. A. State, with reasons, the causes of fatigue cracking of engineering components; B, State, with reasons how material and design
defects can influence fatigue life. C. With reference to engine bed plate transverse girders explain how the incidence of fatigue
cracking can be minimized.
Q6. A. State the advantages of using steam turbine propulsion power for vessels carrying LNG cargo.
B. With regard to the use of L.N.G. cargo as boiler fuel explain - (i)The safety precautions relating to the gas pipeline supplying the
boiler and burning the gas in the boiler; (ii) The means of getting rid of excess gases during loading or discharge.
Q7. With reference to reciprocating air compressors explain why - A. Clearance volume is critical to efficiency; B. Spring-loaded plate
valves are invariably used; C. Compression is accomplished in apparently unequal stages; D. Inter cooling is used between stages.
Q8: A new vessel exhibits severe aft end vibration - A. As a Second Engineer Officer, outline a procedure to investigate and identify
the source of vibration; B. Suggest possible remedies to obviate / reduce aft end vibration.
Q9: With reference to sleeved keyless propeller assemblies - A. (i) State, with reasons, the metals used in the manufacture of the
sleeve and tail end shaft; (ii) State the type and thickness of material used to bond the sleeve to the propeller boss.

JANUARY 2014
Q1. During routine soundings it is found that leakage into a cofferdam is occurring from an adjacent deep cargo oil tank. As Second
Engineer state the procedure for directing safe entry by the engine room staff to ascertain the cause of the leakage. If the leakage
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17
persists discuss EACH of the following options as a possible remedy: i) Leave the cofferdam to flood with oil (ii) Flood the cofferdam
with sea water (iii) Seal the Cofferdam and pressurize with air (iv) Pump the leakage to bunker tanks.
Q2. A. Describe the procedure to be adopted for the inspection of a safety valve fitted to an exhaust gas boiler stating, with reasons,
which parts should receive particularly close attention; B. Describe the procedure for the setting of safety valves of exhaust gas
operated auxiliary boilers; C. Explain the action a Chief Engineer should take after the setting of safety valves as in (B)
Q3: With reference to deck machinery identify - A. The types of contamination likely to be found in hydraulic systems for deck
machinery; B. The sources of such impurities; C. Means used to prevent problems with contamination; D. Possible effects of the oil
contamination on the system.
Q4. With reference to electro-hydraulic steering gears: A. Explain in terms of control parlance, the function of the Hunting gear; B.
Explain the consequences if the standby pumping unit is motored; C. State TWO methods employed to prevent the standby hydraulic
pump being motored by the operating unit.
Q5. A. Explain how and why the performance of reciprocating air compressor tends to fall off in service.
B. State how fall off is indicated and to what extent permissible before correction. C. Describe how optimum performance is restored.
D. What is the significance of clearance volume: for reciprocating air compressors.
Q6. A. Sketch a watertight door and frame showing the manner of attachment to the bulkhead and the additional reinforcement
carried by the bulkhead to compensate for the aperture; B. Explain how water tightness of the door and frame mating surfaces is
ensured with hydrostatic pressure tending to force the faces apart; C. (i) Describe the means of closing the door; (ii) State the
number of closing stations and the position of each.
Q7. A. State why fixed pitch propellers have a poor efficiency when going astern.
B. With reference to controllable pitch propellers state - i. Why is it preferable that the main servomotor be housed in the propeller
hub rather than in the shafting forward of the propeller shaft? ii. What regular maintenance and checks should be carried out to
ensure maximum reliability of the gear at all times?
Q8. Describe how the following conditions can be avoided in auxiliary boilers - A. Furnace distortion; B. Uptake fires; C. Difficulty in
maintaining normal water level.
Q9. A rudder of a vessel requires extensive welding repairs and as Second Engineer you are requested to supervise.
A. Suggest a suitable type of welding process; B. State, with reasons, FOUR common welding defects; C. State what tests may be
carried out before returning the rudder to service.

DECEMBER 2013
Q1. A. State the standing instruction you, as Second Engineer, would issue with respect to the action to be taken in the event of a
boiler uptake fire; B. State how the incidence of uptake fires may be minimized. C. State the reasons for blow-back from the furnace
of an auxiliary boiler. D. State the standing instruction you, as Second Engineer, would issue with respect to the avoidance of boiler
furnace blow-back.
Q2. A. Describe with the aid of a sketch, the main engine ancillary equipment for automatic monitoring and regulation of fuel viscosity.
B. Explain the operation of equipment described in Q. (A). C. Discuss the single fuel concept.
Q3. With regards to the safety valve fitted to a boiler - A. State why an easing gear is fitted; B. Discuss the conditions under which
easing gear may be used; C. State the precaution that may have to be taken during the use of easing gear; D. State why an open
drain from the valve is considered necessary; E. Outline the protection the valve has against being tampered.
Q4. With respect to tankers describes: A. How a pump room is ventilated? B. How cargo tanks are ventilated? C. The main problem
of carrying liquefied natural gas. D. How the boil off from liquefied natural gas is handled?
Q5. With reference to oil/water separators - A. Describe, with the aid of a sketch, the working of such a separator; B. Explain the
consequences if the interface detector position is incorrect; C. enumerate the various possibilities by which oil/water interface can be
disturbed.
Q6. A. With reference to fatigue of engineering components explain the influence of stress level at cyclical frequency on expected
operating life; B. Explain the influence of material defects on the safe operating life of engineering component; C. State the factors
which influence the possibility of fatigue cracking of a bed plate transverse girder and explain how the risk of such cracking can be
minimized.
Q7. A. For Freon-22 vapour compression refrigeration machine, state how each of the following faults are indicated and how they
are caused and remedied I.. Air in the system; ii. Moisture in the system; iii. . Undercharge; IV. Over charge; B. Describe with a
diagram detailing the devices incorporated into the refrigeration system to protect the machinery and equipment against malfunction.
Q8. What is understood by risk on board a ship? As a second engineer discuss various methods for hazard identification and
assessment of the risks available on board.
Q9. Write short notes i. optical and ii. Acoustic methods of non-destructive testing

NOVEMBER 2013
Q1. During a loaded sea passage an unusual noise followed by excessive vibrations were experienced in the engine room of your
vessel while she was underway. Vessel is fitted with a four bladed propeller directly coupled to a 2 stroke Diesel engine. Engine room
is located aft. After preliminary investigation and from the engine parameters, you have come to the conclusion that propeller has
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sustained damage. Write a letter to your company reporting this incidence and justification for your conclusion suggesting future
course of action.
Q2. During routine soundings it is found that leakage into a cofferdam is occurring from an adjacent deep cargo oil tank. As Second
Engineer state the procedure for directing safe entry by the engine room staff to ascertain the cause of the leakage. If the leakage
persists discuss EACH of the following options as a possible remedy:
B. Leave the cofferdam to flood with oil (ii) Flood the cofferdam with sea water (iii) Seal the Cofferdam and pressurize with air (iv)
Pump the leakage to bunker tanks.
Q3. Discuss, with reference to the super heater outlet temperature of a main boiler operating at a constant load, the following
statements - A. An increase in excess air will tend to cause a decrease in super heater outlet temperature due to the cooling effect
of more air being introduced; B. A decrease in economizer inlet temperature will tend to cause a decrease in super heater outlet
temperature due to the cooling effect of more water being introduced; C. Badly fouled generating tube banks will cause an increase
in the super heater outlet temperature; D. Excessive amounts of total dissolved solids in the boiler water will cause variations in the
super heater outlet temperature.
Q4: With reference to hydraulic system for deck machinery identify: - A. The types of contamination likely to be found in hydraulic
systems for deck machinery; B. The sources of such impurities; C. Means used to prevent problems with contamination; D. Possible
effects of the oil contamination on the system.
Q5. A. Sketch a high lift safety valve and seat detailing their special features; B. Describe how such a valve is overhauled and any
clearance that should be measured and noted.
Q6. A. Sketch and describe TWO methods that employ manometric means for measuring tank contents; B. State what corrections
are made to the readings obtained by the methods described in (A) in order to gauge the mass contents; C. Explain how bunkering
requirements may be estimated when no records of main engine fuel consumption are available on board.
Q7. A. Describe with the aid of sketches where necessary a vane type steering gear showing how to weight of the rudder and stock
are carried and the arrangement that allow for wear down; B. State how the vanes described in (A) are secured and the method of
sealing the edges; C. State how, if necessary, the steering gear is locked for rudder maintenance.
Q8. A. State, with reasons, the causes of fatigue cracking of engineering components; B, State, with reasons how material and design
defects can influence fatigue life. C. With reference to engine bed plate transverse girders explain how the incidence of fatigue
cracking can be minimized.
Q9.With respect to tankers describes: A. How a pump room is ventilated? B. How cargo tanks are ventilated? C. Cargo tank protection
as per SOLAS 974; D. Additional alarms provided for inert gas systems of the inert gas generator type.

OCTOBER 2013
Q1. With respect to energy efficient running of ships, comment on optimization of propeller-hull interface, flow devices and
improvement of propulsion efficiency.
Q2. Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of adopting the following for maintenance of main and auxiliary engines - A. Planned
maintenance; B. Condition monitoring; C. Periodic replacement of components.
Q3. With reference to the carriage and pumping of liquefied gas cargo: Sketch a suitable pumping system labeling the component
parts; State; Why submerged hydraulically driven pumps are not used; How overheating of pump drive shaft bearings is avoided;
State, how the risk of fire and explosion in cargo tanks is obviated both in the loaded and discharged condition.
Q4. With reference to electro-hydraulic steering gears: A. Explain in terms of control parlance, the function of the Hunting gear;
B. Explain the consequences if the standby pumping unit is motored; C. State TWO methods employed to prevent the standby
hydraulic pump being motored by the operating unit.
Q5. With reference to oily water separators:A. Describe with the aid of a sketch, the working of such a separator; B. Explain the consequence if the interface detector position is
incorrect; C. Enumerate the various possibilities by which oil / water interface can be disturbed.
Q6. A. State, with reasons, the causes of fatigue cracking of engineering components; B, State, with reasons how material and design
defects can influence fatigue life. C. With reference to engine bed plate transverse girders explain how the incidence of fatigue
cracking can be minimized.
Q7. A. For Freon-22 vapour compression refrigeration machine, state how each of the following faults are indicated and how they
are caused and remedied - i. Air in the system; ii. Moisture in the system; iii. Undercharge; iv. Over charge; B. Describe with a diagram
detailing the devices incorporated into the refrigeration system to protect the machinery and equipment against malfunction.
Q8. What is understood by risk on board a ship? As a second engineer discuss various methods for hazard identification and
assessment of the risks available on board.
Q9. Write short notes i. optical and ii. Acoustic methods of non-destructive testing

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SEPTEMBER 2013
Q1. During a loaded sea passage an unusual noise followed by excessive vibrations were experienced in the engine room of your
vessel while she was underway. Vessel is fitted with a four bladed propeller directly coupled to a 2 stroke Diesel engine. Engine room
is located aft. After preliminary investigation and from the engine parameters, you have come to the conclusion that propeller has
sustained damage. Write a letter to your company reporting this incidence and justification for your conclusion suggesting future
course of action.
Q2. During routine soundings it is found that leakage into a cofferdam is occurring from an adjacent deep cargo oil tank. As Second
Engineer state the procedure for directing safe entry by the engine room staff to ascertain the cause of the leakage. If the leakage
persists discuss EACH of the following options as a possible remedy - i) Leave the cofferdam to flood with oil (ii) Flood the cofferdam
with sea water (iii) Seal the Cofferdam and pressurize with air (iv) Pump the leakage to bunker tanks.
Q3. Discuss, with reference to the super heater outlet temperature of a main boiler operating at a constant load, the following
statements - A. An increase in excess air will tend to cause a decrease in super heater outlet temperature due to the cooling effect
of more air being introduced; B. A decrease in economizer inlet temperature will tend to cause a decrease in super heater outlet
temperature due to the cooling effect of more water being introduced; C. Badly fouled generating tube banks will cause an increase
in the super heater outlet temperature; D. Excessive amounts of total dissolved solids in the boiler water will cause variations in the
super heater outlet temperature.
Q4: With reference to hydraulic system for deck machinery identify - 1. The types of contamination likely to be found in hydraulic
systems for deck machinery; 2. The sources of such impurities; 3. Means used to prevent problems with contamination; 4. Possible
effects of the oil contamination on the system.
Q5. A. Describe the procedure to be adopted for the inspection of a safety valve fitted to an exhaust gas boiler stating, with reasons,
which parts should receive particularly close attention; B. Describe the procedure for the setting of safety valves of exhaust gas
operated auxiliary boilers; C. Explain the action a Chief Engineer should take after the setting of safety valves as in B.
Q6: SAME AS Q4.
Q7. With reference to electro-hydraulic steering gears: A. Explain in terms of control parlance, the function of the Hunting gear; B.
Explain the consequences if the standby pumping unit is motored; C. State TWO methods employed to prevent the standby hydraulic
pump being motored by the operating unit.
Q8. A. Explain how and why the performance of reciprocating air compressor tends to fall off in service.
B. State how fall off is indicated and to what extent permissible before correction.; C. Describe how optimum performance is
restored.; D. What is the significance of clearance volume: for reciprocating air compressors.
Q9. A. Define the cause and effect of thermal stressing in cylinder heads, liners and pistons
B. Explain why thermal stressing is aggravated with increase in cylinder bore; C. Explain how stress concentration and its effect is
relieved by maintenance and operational practices

AUGUST 2013
Q1. With respect to refrigeration gases used onboard vessels, answer the following
A. Explain ozone depleting potential of conventional refrigerant gases; B. Name the alternate refrigerant gases available and being
used onboard.; C. Explain the steps you will take to ensure that release of refrigerant gases from the plant is minimized during normal
operation and during maintenance activities.
Q2. With respect to the steering gear, answer the following:
A. Explain with a diagram, a "fail safe steering gear" suitable for use on a tanker of more than 100000 T dwt; B. Explain the sequence
of events that take place when an oil leak takes place in one of the hydraulic pipe lines.
Q3. With regards to care of lubricating oils on board answer the following.
A. Microbial degradation of lubricating oil and measures to prevent the same; B. Method of ensuring correct sampling is done for
the purpose of shore based testing; C. If shore based testing results show abnormal value of water content and TBN for crank case
lube oil of a slow speed main engine, what will be interpretation and subsequent action?
Q4. With reference to feed regulation: - A. Describe, with the aid of sketches, the operation of a boiler feed water regulator controlled
by atleast two other parameters besides water level in the drum; B. Give reasons for the inclusion of the other elements besides
water level in controlling feed flow; C. Deduce the possible effects on the system w3hen the drain valve in the constant leg in the
level transmitter starts to leak.
Q5. A. Describe the procedure to be adopted for the inspection of a safety valve fitted to an exhaust gas boiler stating, with reasons,
which parts should receive particularly close attention; B. Describe the procedure for the setting of safety valves of exhaust gas
operated auxiliary boilers; C. Explain the action a Chief Engineer should take after the setting of safety valves as in
Q6: With reference to hydraulic system for deck machinery identify - 1. The types of contamination likely to be found in hydraulic
systems for deck machinery; 2. The sources of such impurities; 3. Means used to prevent problems with contamination; 4. Possible
effects of the oil contamination on the system.
Q7. Explain in detail the circumstances under which as Interim DOC and an Interim SMC may be issued, what checks are necessary
before each of these certificates are issued.
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Q8. A Rating has been seriously injured by a "blow back" from the oil fired auxiliary boiler. As Second engineer, make a full report
to Head office explaining the circumstances of the incident and the precautionary measures now taken to reduce the possibility of a
similar occurrence in the future.
Q9. Sketch, and describe, a valve suitable for reducing air pressure and maintaining the reduced pressure within close limits. Describe
the processes through which air from the starting air receivers should be treated before it is used in a pneumatic control system.

JULY 2013
Q1.You have been appointed as Second Engineer of an older vessel which is in dry-docking and recently been purchased by your
shipping company. Describe, in detail about your inspection, to ensure that the equipments on board ship related to safety equipment
(equipments related to fire fighting and lifesaving) survey are satisfactorily complied with.
Q2. Sketch a high lift safety valve and seat detailing their special features; Describe how such a valve is overhauled and any
clearance that should be measured and noted.
Q3. A. Describe with the aid of sketches where necessary a vane type steering gear showing how to weight of the rudder and stock
are carried and the arrangement that allow for wear down; B. State how the vanes described in A. are secured and the method of
sealing the edges; C. State how, if necessary, the steering gear is locked for rudder maintenance.
Q4. A. With reference to fatigue of engineering components explain the influence of stress level at cyclical frequency on expected
operating life; B. Explain the influence of material defects on the safe operating life of engineering component; C. State the factors
which influence the possibility of fatigue cracking of a bed plate transverse girder and explain how the risk of such cracking can be
minimized.
Q5. Describe the possible faults which may be found during a dry-dock inspection of the following;
A. Stern frame; B.Sea chest; C. Bilge keel; D. Anodes; E. Rudders.
Q6. With regards to care of lubricating oils on board answer the following.
A. Microbial degradation of lubricating oil and measures to prevent the same; B. Method of ensuring correct sampling is done for
the purpose of shore based testing; C. If shore based testing results show abnormal value of water content and TBN for crank case
lube oil of a slow speed main engine, what will be interpretation and subsequent action?
Q7. Describe how you, as Second Engineer, would prepare an auxiliary boiler for survey by a classification society.
Q8. With reference to feed regulation - A. Describe, with the aid of sketches, the operation of a boiler feed water regulator controlled
by atleast two other parameters besides water level in the drum; B. Give reasons for the inclusion of the other elements besides
water level in controlling feed flow; C. Deduce the possible effects on the system w3hen the drain valve in the constant leg in the
level transmitter starts to leak.
Q9. Sketch a sealing arrangement for an oil lubricated stern tube.
A. Identify the common form of seal failure; B. State how oil loss due to seal failure can be restricted whist on passage; C. What
material is used for sealing ring and propeller shaft liner?

JUNE 2013
Q1. A. Sketch a high lift safety valve and seat detailing their special features; B. Describe how such a valve is overhauled and any
clearance that should be measured and noted.
Q2. A. Sketch and Describe 2 Methods that employ Man METRIC Means for Measuring Tank Contents
B. State What Corrections are to be made to the Reading Obtained by the Methods Described? C. Explain how Bunkering Requirement
May Be Estimated When no Records of Main engine Fuel Consumption are available
Q3. A. Describe with the aid of sketches where necessary a vane type steering gear showing how to weight of the rudder and stock
are carried and the arrangement that allow for wear down; B. State how the vanes described in A. are secured and the method of
sealing the edges; C. State how, if necessary, the steering gear is locked for rudder maintenance.
Q4. A. With reference to fatigue of engineering components explain the influence of stress level at cyclical frequency on expected
operating life; B. Explain the influence of material defects on the safe operating life of engineering component; C. State the factors
which influence the possibility of fatigue cracking of a bed plate transverse girder and explain how the risk of such cracking can be
minimized.
Q5.ith respect to tankers describes: A. How a pump room is ventilated? B. How cargo tanks are ventilated? C. The main problem of
carrying liquefied natural gas. D. How the boil off from liquefied natural gas is handled?
Q7. Describe the possible faults which may be found during a dry-dock inspection of the following - A. Stern frame; B. Sea chest; C.
Bilge keel; D. Anodes; E. Rudders.
Q8. With reference to oily water separators:- A. Describes with the aid of a sketch, the working of such a separator; B. Explain the
consequence if the interface detector position is incorrect; C. Enumerate the various possibilities by which oil / water interface can
be described.
Q9. A. State the advantages of using steam turbine propulsion power for vessels carrying LNG cargo.
B. With regard to the use of L.N.G. cargo as boiler fuel explain - (i) The safety precautions relating to the gas pipeline supplying the
boiler and burning the gas in the boiler; (ii) The means of getting rid of excess gases during loading or discharge.
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APRIL 2013
Q1. You had to discharge to shore 200 tonnes of emulsified and contaminated fuel oil. You had attempted to purify this oil but were
unsuccessful. Write a report to your head office explaining the above, how the oil became emulsified and contaminated, and what
steps have been taken to prevent a re-occurrence
Q2. Describe in detail each of the following processes and give an example where each is likely to occur in marine engineering: State
how in each case the initiation of the process is prevented or minimized.
A. Corrosion fatigue; B. Stress corrosion; C. Creeping cracks; D. Casting cracks
Q3. Separation rate is inconsequential in oily water separators. Discuss with reasons the one statement that is not correct regarding
oily water separators. - A. Test cocks are situated to locate the oil-water interface; B. Separation rate is inconsequential; C. Overboard
discharge is inconsequential; D. Rise in temperature assist in the separation process; E. Rate of separation is unrestricted
Q4. State why the temperature of lubricating oil supplied to an engine needs close control.
Sketch and describe an arrangement and explain the principle of operation of instrumentation and control equipment for automatically
maintaining the temperature of lubricating oil supplied to an engine at its desired value
Q5. A. Explain the necessity of intercoolers on a multi-stage compressor. What attention is required to keep them safe and in good
working order? Sketch and describe an intercooler suitable for a 2400kpa compressor and state materials used; B. What attention
is needed before opening up for inspection? What faults are likely to develop in an air compressor and how are they remedied
Q6. Explain how the ingress of sea water is prevented in an oil lubricated stem bearing system. Should the system fail, describe the
corrective action possible whilst the vessel is afloat. State why two stern bearing oil header tanks are fitted in some instances?
Q7. Sketch and describe a stockless anchor illustrating the method or device used to attach it to the chain cable. When the anchor
and cable are ranged during the ships underwater survey what parts require special attention and what defects are likely to be
discovered?
Q8. A. With reference to fatigue of engineering components explain the influence of stress level at cyclical frequency on expected
operating life; B. Explain the influence of material defects on the safe operating life of engineering component; C. State the factors
which influence the possibility of fatigue cracking of a bed plate transverse girder and explain how the risk of such cracking can be
minimized.
Q9. A. Describe an automatic self sludging centrifuge suitable for dealing with fuel of density up to 1010 kg/m3 at 150C; B. Explain
how the centrifuge described in A. is able to remove water from a fuel which has a density that is higher than that of water and state
factors that may assist the operation; C. As Second Engineer, write down the start-up procedure for the centrifuge described in A.
for the benefit of your staff; D. State how the problem of catalytic fines in fuel oil may be dealt with.

MARCH 2013
Q1. During a loaded sea passage an unusual noise followed by excessive vibrations were experienced in the engine room of your
vessel while she was underway. Vessel is fitted with a four bladed propeller directly coupled to a 2 stroke Diesel engine. Engine room
is located aft. After preliminary investigation and from the engine parameters, you have come to the conclusion that propeller has
sustained damage. Write a letter to your company reporting this incidence and justification for your conclusion suggesting future
course of action.
Q2. During routine soundings it is found that leakage into a cofferdam is occurring from an adjacent deep cargo oil tank. As Second
Engineer state the procedure for directing safe entry by the engine room staff to. Ascertain the cause of the leakage. If the leakage
persists discuss EACH of the following options as a possible remedy. i. Leave the cofferdam to flood with oil (ii) Flood the cofferdam
with sea water (iii) Seal the Cofferdam and pressurize with air (iv) Pump the leakage to bunker tanks.
Q3. Discuss, with reference to the super heater outlet temperature of a main boiler operating at a constant load, the following
statements - A. An increase in excess air will tend to cause a decrease in super heater outlet temperature due to the cooling effect
of more air being introduced; B. A decrease in economizer inlet temperature will tend to cause a decrease in super heater outlet
temperature due to the cooling effect of more water being introduced; C. Badly fouled generating tube banks will cause an increase
in the super heater outlet temperature; D. Excessive amounts of total dissolved solids in the boiler water will cause variations in the
super heater outlet temperature.
Q4. W.R.T lubrication of reciprocating Freon refrigerating compressor,
A. State with reason the characteristic of the lubricating oil in use in such a system, B. Discuss each of the following W.R.T., Cause
effect and remedy - i. Copper plating; ii. Freon cloud point; iii. Freon floc point; C. Sketch a ship indirect refrigeration system arranged
for cooling containers stowed in stacks in the hold.
Q5. A. Sketch a four-ram steering gear arrangement capable of 100% redundancy; B. Describe the operation of the arrangement
sketched in A..

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Q6. A. Sketch and describe a cargo space inert gas system producing washed gas from either a main boiler or from an independent
gas generator module.; B. Elaborate the alarms and cut-outs incorporated in the system to prevent any accident.; C. Explain the
various protections for cargo tanks with respect to pressure vacuum build up inside the tanks.
Q7. A. Sketch and Describe 2 Methods that employ Man METRIC Means for Measuring Tank Contents; B. State What Corrections are
to be made to the Reading Obtained by the Methods Described? C. Explain how Bunkering Requirement May Be Estimated When no
Records of Main engine Fuel Consumption are available
Q8. A. Describe an automatic self sludging centrifuge suitable for dealing with fuel of density up to 1010 kg/m3 at 150C; B. Explain how
the centrifuge described in A). is able to remove water from a fuel which has a density that is higher than that of water and state factors
that may assist the operation; C. As Second Engineer, write down the start-up procedure for the centrifuge described in Q5 A). for the
benefit of your staff; D. State how the problem of catalytic fines in fuel oil may be dealt with.
Q9. A. For freon-22 vapour compression refrigeration machine, state how each of the following faults are indicated and how they are
caused and remedied - i. Air in the system; ii. Moisture in the system; iii. Undercharge; iv. Over charge; B. Describe with a diagram
detailing the device s incorporated into the refrigeration system to protect the machinery and equipment against malfunction.

FEBRUARY 2013
Q1: A. Sketch a high lift safety valve and seat detailing their special features; B. Describe how such a valve is overhauled and any
clearance that should be measured and noted.
Q2.A. Sketch a four-ram steering gear arrangement capable of 100% redundancy; B. Describe the operation of the arrangement
sketched in A
Q3. Sketch and describe a cargo space inert gas system producing washed gas from either a main boiler or from an independent gas
generator module.; Elaborate the alarms and cut-outs incorporated in the system to prevent any accident.; Explain the various
protections for cargo tanks with respect to pressure vacuum build up inside the tanks.
Q4 A. With reference to fatigue of engineering components explain the influence of stress level at cyclical frequency on expected
operating life; B. Explain the influence of material defects on the safe operating life of engineering component; C. State the factors which
influence the possibility of fatigue cracking of a bed plate transverse girder and explain how the risk of such cracking can be minimized.
Q5. A. Sketch a simple cross section through a single stage centrifugal pump with a fully shrouded single entry impeller, name the
components of the pump and indicate the direction of fluid flow.
B. Describe:- i. The function of the impeller and how suction is created by it; ii. The function of the volute casing.
iii. State the material of each component of the pump.
C. State the suction lift that may be expected.; D. State why some centrifugal pumps have:- A double volute casing; (ii) A diffuser ring
Q6. With reference to Liquefied Natural Gas Carriers (LNG), explain the inspection you will carry out on the following equipments - A.
LNG Vaporizer; B. Re-gasification plant; C. Cargo pumps; D. Emergency discharge pumps.
Q7. A. Explain why it is essential to ensure adequate cooling of air compressor cylinders, inter coolers and after coolers; B. State with
reasons the possible consequences of prolonged operation of the compressor if these areas are not adequately cooled.
Q8.A. Sketch a ships indirect refrigeration system arranged for cooling containers showed in stacks in the hold.
B. Describe the refrigeration system sketched in A); C. State the advantages of the system described in A. compared with containers
with their own refrigeration self-contained units.
Q9: With reference to sleeved keyless propeller assemblies:
A. (i) State, with reasons, the metals used in the manufacture of the sleeve and tail end shaft; (ii)State the type and thickness of
material used to bond the sleeve to the propeller boss.
B. When removing the propeller from the tail end shaft, state why the following procedures are not recommended:
(i) Application of push off force by means of wedges or jacks and draw off force by strong back; (ii) Expansion of propeller boss by
concentrated local heating with gas torches.

JANUARY 2013
Q1. With respect to refrigeration gases used onboard vessels, answer the following
A. Explain ozone depleting potential of conventional refrigerant gases; B. Name the alternate refrigerant gases available and being
used onboard; C. Explain the steps you will take to ensure that release of refrigerant gases from the plant is minimized during normal
operation and during maintenance activities.
Q2. With respect to the steering gear, answer the following:
A. Explain with a diagram, a "fail safe steering gear" suitable for use on a tanker of more than 100000 T dwt; B. Explain the sequence
of events that take place when an oil leak takes place in one of the hydraulic pipe lines.
Q3. With regards to care of lubricating oils on board answer the following.
A. Microbial degradation of lubricating oil and measures to prevent the same; B. Method of ensuring correct sampling is done for
the purpose of shore based testing; C. If shore based testing results show abnormal value of water content and TBN for crank case
lube oil of a slow speed main engine, what will be interpretation and subsequent action?
Q4: State with reasons how cracking in EACH of the following location is caused rectified and avoided
i. A frame; ii. Bedplate longitudinal girder; iii. Bed plate transverse girder
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Q5: Describe how you, as Second Engineer, would prepare an auxiliary boiler for survey by a classification society.
Q6: A. Describe with the aid of sketch the operation of Boiler feed water regulator controlled by at least 2 other parameter beside
water level in the drum; B. Give reason for the inclusion of the other element beside water level in controlling feed flow; C. Describe
the possible effect when the drain valve on the constant head leg in the level transmitter starts to leak
Q7. A. State the laboratory tests that may be carried out on specimens of steel for ships plate giving reasons for the tests; B. The
basic compositions of two ships plates are given in Table below one is an example of modem practice whilst the other is a specification
of a 1940s tanker that split in two due to brittle fracture. Compare these two specifications critically and explain which of these two
steels would be most resistant to brittle fracture.
C
M
SI
S
P
AI
N
STEELA
0.18% 0.70%
0.30%
0.04%
0.04%
0,015%
0,005%
STEAL B
0. 19% 0.57%
0.03%
0.029%
0.042%
0.005%
0.008%
Q9. Briefly Explain, how the performance of a 3 stage air compressor is assessed and what are the method used for ensuring
optimum performance with justification on each such method.

DECEMBER 2012
Q1.With regards to care of lubricating oils on board answer the following.
A. Microbial degradation of lubricating oil and measures to prevent the same; B. Method of ensuring correct sampling is done for
the purpose of shore based testing; C. If shore based testing results show abnormal value of water content and TBN for crank case
lube oil of a slow speed main engine, what will be interpretation and subsequent action?
Q2. A. Describe the procedure to be adopted for the inspection of a safety valve fitted to an exhaust gas boiler stating, with reasons,
which parts should receive particularly close attention; B. Describe the procedure for the setting of safety valves of exhaust gas
operated auxiliary boilers; C. Explain the action a Chief Engineer should take after the setting of safety valves as in B.
Q3. With reference to hydraulic system for deck machinery identify:
A. The types of contamination likely to be found in hydraulic systems for deck machinery; B. The sources of such impurities; C. Means
used to prevent problems with contamination; D. Possible effects of the oil contamination on the system.
Q4. With reference to electro-hydraulic steering gears: Explain in terms of control parlance the function of the Hunting gear, Explain
the consequences if the standby pumping unit is motored; State TWO methods employed to prevent the standby hydraulic pump
being motored by the operating unit.
Q5. A. Explain how and why the performance of reciprocating air compressor tends to fall off in service.
B. State how fall off is indicated and to what extent permissible before correction.; C. Describe how optimum performance is
restored; D.What is the significance of clearance volume: for reciprocating air compressors.
Q6. A. Explain the causes of the formation of mill scale on steel plate; B. Describe the preparation necessary before the application
of conventional paints to the underwater surface of the hull. C. Describe a coating scheme for the underwater hull using conventional
paints.
Q7:A. Sketch a Main Engine air starting system and describe how it operates; B. List the safety devices and interlocks incorporated
in such a system and state the purpose of each
Q8: A. Sketch and describe an auxiliary boiler safety valve; B. Explain which areas of the valve described above, require particularly
close attention during overhaul; Describe how the valves are set after overhaul, ensuring no feathering.
Q9. A. Describe an automatic self sludging centrifuge suitable for dealing with fuel of density up to 1010 kg/m3 at 150C.
B. Explain how the centrifuge described in Q5 A. is able to remove water from a fuel which has a density that is higher than that of
water and state factors that may assist the operation; C. As Second Engineer, write down the start-up procedure for the centrifuge
described in Q5 A. for the benefit of your staff; D. State how the problem of catalytic fines in fuel oil may be dealt with.

NOVEMBER 2012
Q1. A. State the standing instruction you, as Second Engineer, would issue with respect to the action to be taken in the event of a
boiler uptake fire.; B. State how the incidence of uptake fires may be minimized; C. State the reasons for blow back from the furnace
of an auxiliary boiler; D. State the standing instruction you, as Second Engineer would issue with respect to the avoidance of boiler
furnace blo back.
Q2. With reference to hydraulic system for deck machinery identify: A. The type of contamination likely to be found in hydraulic
systems for deck machinery; B.The sources of such impurities; C. Means used to prevent problems with contamination. D. Possible
effects of the oil contamination on the system. E. Measures to be taken to deal with any contamination in the hydraulic systems.
Q3. A. Sketch and describe a cargo space inert gas system producing washed gas from either a main boiler or from an independent
gas generator module.; B. Elaborate the alarms and cut-outs incorporated in the system to prevent any accident.; C. Explain the
various protections for cargo tanks with respect to pressure vacuum build up inside the tanks.
Q4. A. Identify the chief causes of overheating in tunnel bearings and of vibration in main shafting; B. Explain why the seating of the
engine room amidships enhances these tendencies; C. State how overheating and vibration may be reduced or eliminated.
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Q5. A. Examine in detail three common but entirely different reasons for loss of steering gear systems; B. State how failure is inhibited
in the design, operation and maintenance of steering gear systems; C. Describe how a vessel may make port upon irreparable failure
of the steering telemotor.
Q6. You had to discharge to shore 200 tonnes of emulsified and contaminated fuel oil. You had attempted to purify this oil but were
unsuccessful. Write a report to your head office explaining the above, how the oil became emulsified and contaminated, and what
steps have been taken to prevent a re-occurrence
Q7. Describe in detail each of the following processes and give an example where each is likely to occur in marine engineering: State
how in each case the initiation of the process is prevented or minimized.
A. Corrosion fatigue; B. Stress corrosion; C. Creeping cracks; D. Casting cracks;
Q8. A. State why the temperature of lubricating oil supplied to an engine needs close control.; B. Sketch and describe an
arrangement and explain the principle of operation of instrumentation and control equipment for automatically maintaining the
temperature of lubricating oil supplied to an engine at its desired value
Q9. With reference to main refrigeration plant give a reason for each of the following operational irregularities and state how it is
dealt with:
A. Rapid loss of crankcase lubricating oil in a vee block machine; B. Gradual fall off in the refrigeration effect over a comparative
short period of time; C. Icing up at compressor suction; D. Frequent cutting off of compressor on high pressure.

OCTOBER 2012
Q1. A. Describe the procedure to be adopted for the inspection of a safety valve fitted to an exhaust gas boiler stating, with reasons,
which parts should receive particularly close attention; B. Describe the procedure for the setting of safety valves of exhaust gas
operated auxiliary boilers; C. Explain the action a Chief Engineer should take after the setting of safety valves as in B.
Q2. The pipe work of the sea water circulation system for a passenger ship has to be completely renewed. The company contracted
for the work has no previous experience of marine installation. You as the Second engineer have been requested to write the
specification for manufacture and installation of the steel pipe; outline your proposal for manufacture of the pipe; State the necessary
requirements for approval
Q3. Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of adopting the following A. Planned maintenance; B. Condition monitoring; C.
Periodic replacement of components.
Q4. With reference to the carriage and pumping of liquefied gas cargo: Sketch a suitable pumping system labeling the component
parts; A. State Why submerged hydraulically driven pumps are not used; How overheating of pump drive shaft bearings is avoided;
B. State, how the risk of fire and explosion in cargo tanks is obviated both in the loaded and discharged condition.
Q5. With reference to electro-hydraulic steering gears: Explain in terms of control parlance the function of the Hunting gear, A.
Explain the consequences if the standby pumping unit is motored; State TWO methods employed to prevent the standby hydraulic
pump being motored by the operating unit.
Q6. A. explain the necessity of intercoolers on a multi-stage compressor. What attention is required to keep them safe and in good
working order? Sketch and describe an intercooler suitable for a 2400kpa compressor and state materials used; B. What attention
is needed before opening up for inspection? What faults are likely to develop in an air compressor and how are they remedied
Q7. A. Explain how the ingress of sea water is prevented in oil lubricated stem bearing system. B. Should the system fail, describe
the corrective action possible whilst the vessel is afloat. C. State why two stern bearing oil header tanks are fitted in some instances?
Q8. Sketch and describe a stockless anchor illustrating the method or device used to attach it to the chain cable. When the anchor
and cable are ranged during the ships underwater survey what parts require special attention and what defects are likely to be
discovered?
Q9. With reference to multitubular heat exchangers explain:
A. How and where impingement attack is likely to occur in the multitubular heat exchangers tubes. B. Why is it desirable that coolant
flow rate should not exceed that required to maintain correct fluid temperature Ample well-shaped water boxes and smooth tube
inlets are desirable in multitubular heat exchangers Partial obstruction of tube bore is a common cause of multitubular heat
exchangers tube failure.

SEPTEMBER 2012
Q1. A. Discuss the possible reasons for the following changes in boiler water test results, at state what actions should be taken in
each case; Reduction in total dissolved solids and chemical reserves.
i. Reduction in phosphate reserve, with increase in chlorides and total dissolved solids; ii. Reduction in alkalinity reserve only. iii.
Increase in oxygen levels only. B. State why the complete results of boiler water tests are logged or entered into a data retrieval
system rather than a note being made of any particular result which may be outside set limits.
Q2. You have been appointed as the Second Engineer of an eight years old vessel, recently purchased by your shipping company.
Write a report to the engineering superintendent covering the inspection of main propulsion machinery carried out by you, to ensure
its trouble free operation.

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25
Q3. A. Explain the causes of the formation of mill scale on steel plate.; B. Describe the preparation necessary before the application
of conventional paints to the underwater surface of the hull. C.Describe a coating scheme for the underwater hull using conventional
paints.
Q4: A. Sketch and describe an auxiliary boiler safety valve; B. Explain which areas of the valve described above, require particularly
close attention during overhaul; C. Describe how the valves are set after overhaul, ensuring no feathering.
Q5. A. Describe an automatic self sludging centrifuge suitable for dealing with fuel of density up to 1010 kg/m3 at 150C.
B. Explain how the centrifuge described in Q.4 A. is able to remove water from a fuel which has a density that is higher than that of
water and state factors that may assist the operation; C. As Second Engineer, write down the start-up procedure for the centrifuge
described in Q.4 A. for the benefit of your staff; D. State how the problem of catalytic fines in fuel oil may be dealt with.
Q6: With reference to reciprocating air compressors explain why;
A. Clearance volume is critical to efficiency; B. Spring-loaded plate valves are invariably used; C. Compression is accomplished in
apparently unequal stages; D.Inter cooling is used between stages.
Q7: A new vessel exhibits severe aft end vibration - A. As a Second Engineer Officer, outline a procedure to investigate and identify
the source of vibration; B. Suggest possible remedies to obviate / reduce aft end vibration.
Q8. Describe the possible faults which may be found during a dry-dock inspection of the following;
A. Stern frame; B. Sea chest; C. Bilge keel; D. Anodes; E.Rudders.
Q9. With reference to the adoption of unmanned machinery spaces, describe suitable automatic control and alarm systems to deal
with - A. High bilge level; B. Fuel oil tank overflow; C. Bearings overheating; D. Fire direction.
Comment on the method and frequency of testing the equipment and the energy supply source to ensure unfailing continuous
operation.

AUGUST 2012
Q1. During a loaded sea passage an unusual noise followed by excessive vibrations were experienced in the engine room of your
vessel while she was underway. Vessel is fitted with a four bladed propeller directly coupled to a 2 stroke Diesel engine. Engine room
is located aft. After preliminary investigation and from the engine parameters, you have come to the conclusion that propeller has
sustained damage. Write a letter to your company reporting this incidence and justification for your conclusion suggesting future
course of action.
Q2. During routine soundings it is found that leakage into a cofferdam is occurring from an adjacent deep cargo oil tank. As Second
Engineer state the procedure for directing safe entry by the engine room staff to. Ascertain the cause of the leakage. If the leakage
persists discuss EACH of the following options as a possible remedy - Leave the cofferdam to flood with oil (ii) Flood the cofferdam
with sea water (iii) Seal the Cofferdam and pressurize with air (iv) Pump the leakage to bunker tanks.
Q3. Discuss, with reference to the super heater outlet temperature of a main boiler operating at a constant load, the following
statements - i. An increase in excess air will tend to cause a decrease in super heater outlet temperature due to the cooling effect
of more air being introduced; ii. A decrease in economizer inlet temperature will tend to cause a decrease in super heater outlet
temperature due to the cooling effect of more water being introduced; iii. Badly fouled generating tube banks will cause an increase
in the super heater outlet temperature. iv. Excessive amounts of total dissolved solids in the boiler water will cause variations in the
super heater outlet temperature.
Q4. With reference to hydraulic system for deck machinery identify:
A. The type of contamination likely to be found in hydraulic systems for deck machinery. B. The sources of such impurities; Means
used to prevent problems with contamination. C. Possible effects of the oil contamination on the system. D. Measures to be taken to
deal with any contamination in the hydraulic systems .
Q5. A. Sketch and describe a cargo space inert gas system producing washed gas from either a main boiler or from an independent
gas generator module; B. Elaborate the alarms and cut-outs incorporated in the system to prevent any accident; C. Explain the
various protections for cargo tanks with respect to pressure vacuum build up inside the tanks.
Q6. With reference to the lubrication of a reciprocating Freon refrigeration compressor
A. State, with reasons, the characteristics of the lubricating oil in use in such system; B. Sketch a ships indirect refrigeration system
arranged for cooling containers stowed in stacks in the hold.
Q7. With reference to oil / water separators:
(a)
A. Describe, will the aid of a sketch, the circuit for an interface detector; B. Explain the consequences if the interface position
is incorrect
Q8. A. Describe a vacuum sewage system; B. With reference to the system describe in Q8 A.) - i. State ONE advantage of the system;
ii. State why a holding tank may be required to be fitted to the system. iii. State the problems resulting from the retention of untreated
sewage in a holding tank
Q9. With reference to an emergency source of electrical power in passenger ships:i. Describe a typical power source; ii. Give a typical list of essential services which must be supplied simultaneously; iii. Explain how
the emergency installation can be periodically tested
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JULY 2012
NOTES : Q1 Q7 IS SAME AS APRIL 2013
Q8. A. What are the conditions required in the cylinders of a marine diesel engine for good combustion. B. State under normal
working conditions how the following may occur - A. Black smoke, B. White smoke, C.Blue smoke.
C. What may be the suspected cause for each case to occur? What would be the remedy for it?
Q9. With reference to multitubular heat exchangers explain:
A. How and where impingement attack is likely to occur in the multitubular heat exchangers tubes; B. Why is it desirable that coolant
flow rate should not exceed that required to maintain correct fluid temperature Ample well-shaped water boxes and smooth tube
inlets are desirable in multitubular heat exchangers Partial obstruction of tube bore is a common cause of multitubular heat
exchangers tube failure

JUNE 2012
Q1. Describe how you, as Second Engineer, would prepare an auxiliary boiler for survey by a classification society.
Q2. Damage has occurred to the main engine exhaust valves and the fuel supplied at a particular port is suspected. The owners
case/ however, in the ensuing dispute may be weak because the fuel was ordered specifying only type and viscosity. Apart from fuel
specification, describe how you, as Second Engineer, should have assisted the owners case when receiving the suspect fuel. A.
Describe a recognized fuel standard that may be used when ordering bunker fuel; B. Explain how the correct fuel standard selected
C. Suggest, with reasons, why particular mention should be made of certain elements that might not be included in the fuel standard.
Q3. Sketch a sealing arrangement for an oil lubricated stern tube. Identify the common form of seal failure.
State how oil loss due to seal failure can be restricted whist on passage. What material is used for sealing ring and propeller shaft
liner?
Q4. A. Sketch a four-ram steering gear arrangement capable of 100% redundancy; B. Describe the operation of the arrangement
sketched in A)
Q5 A. Describe a transverse bow thruster unit;. Mention should be made of where it is fitted, how the propeller hub with shafts
and internal bevel gear drive are usually supported and how the maneuvering oil is conveyed to the propeller main servo-motor.
Also mention how strength thrust and reverse thrust are achieved; B. Give reasons why the standard constant speed non-reversing
type electric motor is preferred as the prime mover rather than a diesel engine.
Q6 A. Sketch a watertight door and frame showing the manner of attachment to the bulkhead and the additional reinforcement
carried by the bulkhead to compensate for the aperture; B. Explain how water tightness of the door and frame mating surfaces is
ensured with hydrostatic pressure tending to force the faces apart.
(i) Describe the means of closing the door; (ii) State the number of closing stations and the position of each.
Q7. A. With reference to fatigue of engineering components explain the influence of stress level at cyclical frequency on expected
operating life; B. Explain the influence of material defects on the safe operating life of engineering component - i. State the factors
which influence the possibility of fatigue cracking of a bed plate transverse girder and explain how the risk of such cracking can be
minimized.
Q8. With respect to tankers describe - A. How a pump room is ventilated? B. How cargo tanks are ventilated? C. The main problem
of carrying liquefied natural gas. D. How the boil off from liquefied natural gas is handled?
Q9. A. Explain why it is essential to ensure adequate cooling of air compressor cylinders, inter coolers and after coolers.
State with reasons the possible consequences of prolonged operation of the compressor if these areas are not adequately cooled.

APRIL 2012
Q1. A fire in the exhaust gas boiler on a motor ship may develop in two or three stages. With reference Jo such situations, discuss:
A. The factors which could be a cause for initiation and development of: (i) Ignition of soot; (ii) Small soot fires; (iii) High temperature
fires. B. State the standing instructions you, as a Second Engineer Officer, would issue with respect to the action to be taken in the
event of a boiler uptake fire.
Q2. A. Sketch a four-ram steering gear arrangement capable of 100% redundancy; B. Describe the operation of the arrangement
sketched in A)
Q3. A. Sketch and describe a cargo space inert gas system producing washed gas from either a main boiler or from an independent
gas generator module; B. Elaborate the alarms and cut-outs incorporated in the system to prevent any accident; C. Explain the
various protections for cargo tanks with respect to pressure vacuum build up inside the Q4. With reference to Liquefied Natural Gas
Carriers (LNG), explain the inspection you will carry out on the following equipments - A. LNG Vaporizer; B.Re-gasification plant; C.
argo pumps; D. Emergency discharge pumps.
Q5. A. Sketch and describe TWO methods that employ manometric means for measuring tank contents.
B. State what corrections are made to the readings obtained by the methods described in A) in order to gauge the mass contents;
C. Explain how bunkering requirements may be estimated when no records of main engine fuel consumption are available on board.

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27
Q6. A. Describe an automatic self sludging centrifuge suitable for dealing with fuel of density up to 1010 kg/m3 at 150C; B. Explain
how the centrifuge described in Q.4 A) is able to remove water from a fuel which has a density that is higher than that of water and
state factors that may assist the operation; C. As Second Engineer, write down the start-up procedure for the centrifuge described
in Q.4 A. for the benefit of your staff; D. State how the problem of catalytic fines in fuel oil may be dealt with.
Q7. A. Explain how analysis of used lubricating oil can be used as a health-monitoring tool for diesel engines; B. Describe how
vibration measurement can be used with a main engine turbo-charger - i. For fault analysis; ii. For condition monitoring with respect
to maintenance iii. As a substitute to opening up machinery for survey.
Q8. A. For 27 Freon-22 vapour compression refrigeration machine, state how each of the following faults are indicated and how they
are caused and remedied - i. Air in the system; ii. Moisture in the system; iii. Undercharge; IV. Over charge; B. Describe with a diagram
detailing the device s incorporated into the refrigeration system to protect the machinery and equipment against malfunction.
Q9. A. Sketch a reciprocating air compressor incorporating a first stage rotary compressor; B. Explain the motive behind such, an
arrangement; C. state with reasons whether the advantages claimed for this design justify the Added complexion.

MARCH 2012
Q1. It view of the number of fatalities involving inert gas used for fire fighting purposes, your company is considering alternative
methods of protection for the machinery spaces. As Second Engineer, compile a letter to the company expressing your views for the
retention or rejection of inert gas systems and stating your opinion on viable alternative systems.
Q2. It is important to maintain the quality of lubricating oils in main and auxiliary diesel engines.
A. Discuss critically the methods used to maintain crankcase oils on the various ships in which you have served.
B. Drawing conclusions from A. state, as second engineer, your preferred methods of maintaining crankcase oil quality.
Q3. A. Describe the preparation necessary before the application (in dry dock) of sophisticated or approved long life coating to the
underwater surface of the hull; B. State the significance of the roughness profile; C. List the different sophisticated coatings which
are available.
Q4. A. State the standing instruction you, as Second Engineer, would issue with respect to the action to be taken in the event of a
boiler uptake fire; B. State how the incidence of uptake fires may be minimized; C. State the reasons for blow back from the furnace
of an auxiliary boiler; D. State the standing instruction you, as Second Engineer would issue with respect to the avoidance of boiler
furnace blo back.
Q5. A. Sketch a watertight door and frame showing the manner of attachment to the bulkhead and the additional reinforcement
carried by the bulkhead to compensate for the aperture. B. Explain how water tightness of the door and frame mating surfaces is
ensured with hydrostatic pressure tending to force the faces apart. C. (i) Describe the means of closing the door; (ii) State the
number of closing stations and the position of each.
Q6. With reference to oil monitoring of bilge and tanker ballast discharges A. Describe with the aid of a sketch, the general
arrangements of an oil monitoring system; B. State the inputs that are recorded; C. Explain the difficulties encountered with the
efficient operation of the oil monitoring.
Q7. How does the cargo pumping system of a product carrier differ from that of an oil tanker? Sketch the cargo pumping system of
a product carrier.
Q8. A. Describe a vacuum sewage system; B. with reference to the system described in A.S. A) - (i) State ONE advantage of the
system; (ii) State why a holding tank may be required to be fitted to the system; C. State the problems resulting from the retention
of untreated sewage in a holding tank
Q9. A. Explain the action of EACH of the following metallurgical mechanisms - (i)Creep; (ii) Brenelling; (iii)Fretting; (iv)Fretting
corrosion; B. State, with reasons, where EACH of the mechanisms in Q7, A) may occur in ship propulsion System.

FEBRUARY 2012
SAME AS JANUARY 2016

JANURY 2012
Q1. During routine soundings it is found that leakage into a cofferdam is occurring from an adjacent deep cargo oil tank. As Second
Engineer state the procedure for directing safe entry by the engine room staff to. Ascertain the cause of the leakage. If the leakage
persists discuss EACH of the following options as a possible remedy:
Leave the cofferdam to flood with oil (ii) Flood the cofferdam with sea water (iii) Seal the cofferdam and pressurize with air (iv) Pump
the leakage to bunker tanks.
Q2. A. Describe the procedure to be adopted for the inspection of a safety valve fitted to an exhaust gas boiler stating, with reasons,
which parts should receive particularly close attention; B. Describe the procedure for the setting of safety valves of exhaust gas
operated auxiliary boilers; C. Explain the action a Chief Engineer should take after the setting of safety valves as in B).
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Q3. With reference to hydraulic system for deck machinery identifies:


A. The type of contamination likely to be found in hydraulic systems for deck machinery; B. The sources of such impurities; C. Means
used to prevent problems with contamination. D. Possible effects of the oil contamination on the system. E. Measures to be taken to
deal with any contamination in the hydraulic systems.
Q4. With reference to electro-hydraulic steering gears: Explain in terms of control parlance the function of the Hunting gear, A.
Explain the consequences if the standby pumping unit is motored; B. State TWO methods employed to prevent the standby hydraulic
pump being motored by the operating unit.
Q5. A. Explain how and why the performance of reciprocating air compressor tends to fall off in service; B. State how fall off is
indicated and to what extent permissible before correction. C. Describe how optimum performance is restored. D. What is the
significance of clearance volume: for reciprocating air compressors.
Q6. A Rating has been seriously injured by a blow back from the oil fired auxiliary boiler. As Second engineer, make a full report
to Head office explaining the circumstances of the incident and the precautionary measures now taken to reduce the possibility of a
similar occurrence in the future.
Q7. Sketch, and describe, a valve suitable for reducing air pressure and maintaining the reduced pressure within close limits. Describe
the processes through which air from the starting air receivers should be treated before it is used in a pneumatic control system.
Q8. A rudder of a vessel requires extensive welding repairs and as Second Engineer you are requested to supervise; A. Suggest a
suitable type of welding process; B. State, with reasons, FOUR common welding defects; C. State what tests may be carried out before
returning the rudder to service.
Q9. With regards to main transmission shaft flange coupling arrangements:
A. Sketch a hollow type coupling bolt and the hydraulic head/nut and loading rod which are used to fit it; B. Describe how the bolt is
fitted; C. State the advantage of the hollow coupling bolt as compared to the traditional type of coupling bolt.

DECEMBER 2011
Q1. Sketch and describe the operation of a reliquefication plant for an LPG carrier. Enumerate the precautions and observations to
be carried out before starting during running and after stopping the reliquefication plant.
Q2. Sketch and describe the hydraulic system for a Framo pump. State the normal maintenance required for the pump.
Q3. Sketch and describe a suitable burner which can be used on Gas and Oil in a boiler of a LNG ship. Enumerate the normal attention
required on such burners.
Q4. A. Sketch and describe an electro hydraulic stabilizer, explaining how it restrains the rolling action of a vessel in a heavy seaway.
B. What structural parts of the vessel are most affected by this restraint.
Q5. A. Sketch a watertight door and frame showing the manner of attachment to the bulkhead and the additional reinforcement
carried by the bulkhead to compensate for the aperture.
B. Explain how water tightness of the door and frame mating surfaces is ensured with hydrostatic pressure tending to force the faces
apart - (i) Describe the means of closing the door; (ii) State the number of closing stations and the position of each.
Q6. A. State why fixed pitch propellers have a poor efficiency when going astern; B. With reference to controllable pitch propellers
state: (i) Why is it preferable that the main servomotor be housed in the propeller hub rather than in the shafting forward of the
propeller shaft? (ii) What regular maintenance and checks should be carried out to ensure maximum reliability of the gear at all
times?
Q7. Describe how the following conditions can be avoided in auxiliary boilers - A. Furnace distortion; B. Uptake fires; C. Difficulty in
maintaining normal water level.
Q8. You have been appointed as Second Engineer of an older vessel which is in dry-docking and recently been purchased by your
shipping company. Describe, in detail about your inspection, to ensure that the equipment on board ship related to safety equipment
(equipment related to fire fighting and lifesaving) survey are satisfactorily complied with.
Q9. A. Discuss the possible reasons for the following changes in boiler water test results, at state what actions should be taken in
each case; i. Reduction in total dissolved solids and chemical reserves. ii. Reduction in phosphate reserve, with increase in chlorides
and total dissolved solids; iii. Reduction in alkalinity reserve only. iv. Increase in oxygen levels only. B. State why the complete results
of boiler water tests are logged or entered into a data retrieval system rather than a note being made of any particular result which
may be outside set limits.

NOVEMBER 2011
Q1. You have recently joined a vessel as Second Engineer Officer. For the past several voyages it been the practice on board to
dispense with the use of the exhaust gas boiler and leave it to dry. As part of an overall economy drive the company has requested
you to re-commission boiler. Write a letter to the Superintendent Engineer stating how the boiler was brought on line the safety
valves adjusted.
Q2. A. Describe an automatic self sludging centrifuge suitable for dealing with fuel of density up to 1010 kg/m3 at 150C. B. Explain
how the centrifuge described in Q.4 is able to remove water from a fuel which has a density that is higher than that of water and
state factors that may assist the operation. B. As Second Engineer, write down the start up procedure for the centrifuge described
in Q.4 A. for the benefit of your staff. State how the problem of catalytic fines in fuel oil may be dealt with.
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29
Q3. A. Explain how analysis of used lubricating oil can be used as a health-monitoring tool for diesel engines; B. Describe how
vibration measurement can be used with a main engine turbo-charger; (i) For fault analysis; (ii) For condition monitoring with respect
to maintenance; (iii) As a substitute to opening up machinery for survey.
Q4. With reference to hydraulic steering gears, sketch and describe each of the following; Single failure concept; 100 percent
redundancy.
Q5: A. State why fixed pitch propellers have a poor efficiency when going astern.
B. With reference to controllable pitch propellers state; (i) Why is it preferable that the main servomotor be housed in the propeller
hub rather than in the shafting forward of the propeller shaft?; (ii) What regular maintenance and checks should be carried out to
ensure maximum reliability of the gear at all times?
Q6: With regards to main transmission shaft flange coupling arrangements:
(ii)
SA. ketch a hollow type coupling bolt and the hydraulic head/nut and loading rod which are used to fit it ; B. Describe how
the bolt is fitted; C. State the advantage of the hollow coupling bolt as compared to the traditional type of coupling bolt.
Q7. A. Explain why centrifugal pumps cannot handle air or vapours to effect priming yet turbo- blowers operating on the same
principle can; B. If a vessel is fully laden, how may it be ascertained that the fire pump pinning arrangements would operate
satisfactorily in the ballast condition; C. Explain a method of priming suitable for a centrifugal pump.
Q8: A. Describe a transverse bow thrust unit using a controllable pitch propeller. Mention should be made of how it is supported
and how the strength of thrust and reverse thrust are achieved.; B. State with reasons, a suitable prime mover for the controllable
pitch propeller; C. State whether the thrust unit delivers a relatively low pressure head with high volume output or high pressure head
with low volume output.
Q9: Reverse osmosis is the modern alternative for shipboard production of drinking water; A. Describe using simple diagrams if
necessary, the principle of reverse osmosis. B. Sketch a line diagram showing a single pass system for producing fresh water from
sea water. (ii)Describe such a system.

OCTOBER 2011
Q1: A. Describe the procedure to be adopted for the inspection of a safety valve fitted to an exhaust gas boiler stating, with reasons,
which parts should receive particularly close attention; B. Describe the procedure for the setting of safety valves of exhaust gas
operated auxiliary boilers; C. Explain the action a Chief Engineer should take after the setting of safety valves as in B.
Q2. The pipe work of the sea water circulation system for a passenger ship has to be completely renewed. The company contracted
for the work has no previous experience of marine installation. You as the Second engineer have been requested to write the
specification for manufacture and installation of the steel pipe; outline your proposal for manufacture of the pipe; State the necessary
requirements for approval
Q3. Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of adopting the following Planned Maintenance Condition Monitoring Breakdown
Maintenance; A. Planned maintenance; B. Condition monitoring; C. Periodic replacement of components.
Q4. With reference to the carriage and pumping of liquefied gas cargo: Sketch a suitable pumping system labelling the component
parts; State; Why submerged hydraulically driven pumps are not used; How overheating of pump drive shaft bearings is avoided;
State, how the risk of fire and explosion in cargo tanks is obviated both in the loaded and discharged condition.
Q5. With reference to electro-hydraulic steering gears: Explain in terms of control parlance the function of the Hunting gear, Explain
the consequences if the standby pumping unit is motored; State TWO methods employed to prevent the standby hydraulic pump
being motored by the operating unit.
Q6. Briefly explain the term fatigue and explain how fatigue failure occur; State the difference between high stress / low cycle and
low stress / high cycle; State how defect in metal can influence the expected safe life of a component; State how fuel timing and
cylinder power balance can influence the possibility of fatigue crack.
Q7. Describe the term volumetric efficiency as related to air compressor; Describe the effect of the following faults in multi stage
reciprocating air compressor; Inter stage cooler starved of cooling water; Worn crank shaft bearing; Broken or worn scarper ring;
Suggest a failsafe arrangement in the event of inter stage cooler water loss.
Q8. A. Discuss the possible reasons for the following changes in boiler water test results, at state what actions should be taken in
each case; Reduction in total dissolved solids and chemical reserves; Reduction in phosphate reserve, with increase in chlorides and
total dissolved solids; Reduction in alkalinity reserve only. (iv)Increase in oxygen levels only. B. State why the complete results of
boiler water tests are logged or entered into a data retrieval system rather than a note being made of any particular result which
may be outside set limits.
Q9. Describe how you, as Second Engineer, would prepare an auxiliary boiler for survey by a classification society.

SEPTEMBER 2011
Q1. A. State the standing instruction you, as Second Engineer, would issue with respect to the action to be taken in the event of a
boiler uptake fire.; B. State how the incidence of uptake fires may be minimized; C. State the reasons for blow back from the furnace
of an auxiliary boiler; D. State the standing instruction you, as Second Engineer would issue with respect to the avoidance of boiler
furnace blo back.
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Q2. With reference to hydraulic system for deck machinery identify: The type of contamination likely to be found in hydraulic systems
for deck machinery. The sources of such impurities; Means used to prevent problems with contamination. Possible effects of the oil
contamination on the system. Measures to be taken to deal with any contamination in the hydraulic systems.
Q3. Sketch and describe a cargo space inert gas system producing washed gas from either a main boiler or from an independent
gas generator module.; Elaborate the alarms and cut-outs incorporated in the system to prevent any accident.; Explain the various
protections for cargo tanks with respect to pressure vacuum build up inside the tanks.
Q4. A. Explain how and why the performance of reciprocating air compressor tends to fall off in service.; B. State how fall off is
indicated and to what extent permissible before correction.; C. Describe how optimum performance is restored.; D. What is the
significance of clearance volume: for reciprocating air compressors.
Q5. With reference to lifeboats, describe with the aid of sketches: The handbrake used for lowering and state how it may be tested;
The centrifugal brake and state the method of testing;; Lifeboat servicing requirement and intervals for life boat wire fall renewal as
per solas 74.
Q6. A. Explain the causes of the formation of mill scale on steel plate.; B. Describe the preparation necessary before the application
of conventional paints to the underwater surface of the hull.; C. Describe a coating scheme for the underwater hull using conventional
paints.
Q7. With regards to keeping the gas side of a boiler in good condition discuss each of the following; The mechanism of combustion
stating the factors which are important for good combustion; Fuel oil treatment; Soot removal equipment.
Q8. Draw a block diagram for a fully automated accommodation air conditioning unit, labelling the component parts and indicating
the directions of air flow; explain why the unit includes means of dehumidification and humidification. A chart is used for ensuring
that the accommodation conditions are within the so called Comfort Zone: what useful information does the chart give?
Q9. Explain why regular testing of water in auxiliary boiler is desirable; For each test i.e. is carried out; Reason for making test;
Acceptable values for any particular type of boiler; Action to be taken if measured value differs from desired value.

AUGUST 2011
Q1. Sketch and describe a main lubricating oil pump. Which are the clearances to be checked?
Q2. Describe the construction of a 3 stage air compressor; Give the temperatures and pressures at each stage; Where are the
drains; what type of oil is used and why; Why inter cooler are used in multistage compressor.
Q3. A. Identify the chief causes of overheating in tunnel bearings and of vibration in main shafting; B. Explain why the seating of the
engine room amidships enhances these tendencies; C. State how overheating and vibration may be reduced or eliminated.
Q4. A. Examine in detail three common but entirely different reasons for loss of steering gear systems; B. State how failure is inhibited
in the design, operation and maintenance of steering gear systems; C. Describe how a vessel may make port upon irreparable failure
of the steering telemotor.
Q5. You had to discharge to shore 200 tonnes of emulsified and contaminated fuel oil. You had attempted to recreate and purify
this oil but were unsuccessful. Write a report to your head office explaining the above, how the oil became emulsified and
contaminated, and what steps have been taken to prevent a re-occurrence.
Q6. Describe in detail each of the following processes and give an example where each is likely to occur in marine engineering: State
how in each case the initiation of the process is prevented or minimized - A. Corrosion fatigue; B. Stress corrosion; C. Creeping
cracks ; D. Casting cracks
Q7. Separation rate is inconsequential in oily water separators
Discuss with reasons the one statement that is not correct regarding oily water separators.
A. Test cocks are situated to locate the oil-water interface; B. Separation rate is inconsequential; C. Overboard discharge is
inconsequential; D. Rise in temperature assist in the separation process; E. Rate of separation is unrestricted
Q8. A. State why the temperature of lubricating oil supplied to an engine needs close control.
B. Sketch and describe an arrangement and explain the principle of operation of instrumentation and control equipment for
automatically maintaining the temperature of lubricating oil supplied to an engine at its desired value
Q9. With reference to main refrigeration plant give a reason for each of the following operational irregularities and state how it is
dealt with:
A. Rapid loss of crankcase lubricating oil in a vee block machine; B. Gradual fall off in the refrigeration effect over a comparative
short period of time; C. Icing up at compressor suction; Frequent cutting off of compressor on high pressure.

JULY 2011
Q1: A Rating has been seriously injured by a blow back from the oil fired auxiliary boiler. As Second engineer, make a full report
to Head office explaining the circumstances of the incident and the precautionary measures now taken to reduce the possibility of a
similar occurrence in the future.
Q2: Give reasons why each of the following features is considered desirable in air compressors.
Smooth air passages with minimum obstruction at valves; (2) Minimum clearance volume; (3) Multi-tubular heat exchangers; (4)
generous size of suction filter.
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Q3: Sketch and describe air pressure and maintaining the reduced pressure within close limits. Describe the processes through
which air from the starting air receivers should be treated before it is in a pneumatic control system.
Q4: With reference to the carriage and pumping of liquefied gas cargo:
A. Sketch a suitable pumping system labelling the component parts; B. State;Why submerged hydraulically driven pumps are not
used; C. How overheating of pump drive shaft bearings is avoided; D. State, how the risk of fire and explosion in cargo tanks is
obviated both in the loaded and discharged condition.
Q5: With reference to electro-hydraulic steering gears - A. Explain in terms of control parlance the function of the Hunting gear,
B. Explain the consequences if the standby pumping unit is motored; C. State TWO methods employed to prevent the standby
hydraulic pump being motored by the operating unit.
Q6: Briefly explain the term fatigue and explain how fatigue failure occur
A. State the difference between high stress / low cycle and low stress / high cycle; B. State how defect in metal can influence the
expected safe life of a component; C. State how fuel timing and cylinder power balance can influence the possibility of fatigue crack.
Q7: Describe the following conditions are prevented in auxiliary boilers- A. Feed contamination by oil heating coil drains; i.. Internal
corrosion; ii. Furnace blowback; iii. Uptake fire; iv. Furnace distortion; Difficulty in maintaining normal water level.
Q8: You have been appointed as Second Engineer of an older vessel which is in dry-docking and recently been purchased by your
shipping company. Describe, in detail about your inspection, to ensure that the equipments on board ship related to safety equipment
(equipments related to fire fighting and lifesaving) survey are satisfactorily complied with.
Q9: A. State the advantages of using steam turbine propulsion power for vessels carrying LNG cargo.; B. With regard to the use of
L.N.G. cargo as boiler fuel explain - (i)The safety precautions relating to the gas pipeline supplying the boiler and burning the gas
in the boiler; (ii) The means of getting rid of excess gases during loading or discharge.

JUNE 2011
Q1: A Rating has been seriously injured by a blow back from the oil fired auxiliary boiler. As Second engineer, make a full report
to Head office explaining the circumstances of the incident and the precautionary measures now taken to reduce the possibility of a
similar occurrence in the future.
Q2. A. Sketch a four-ram steering gear arrangement capable of 100% redundancy; B. Describe the operation of the arrangement
sketched in A..
Q3.A. describe a transverse bow thrusters unit Mention should be made of where it is fitted, how the propeller hub with shafts and
internal bevel gear drive are usually supported and how the manoeuvring oil is conveyed to the propeller main servo-motor. Also
mention how strength of thrust and reverse thrust are achieved; B. Give reasons why the standard constant speed non-reversing
type electric motor is preferred as the prime mover rather than a diesel engine.
Q4: A. Sketch a watertight door and frame showing the manner of attachment to the bulkhead and the additional reinforcement
carried by the bulkhead to compensate for the aperture.; B. Explain how water tightness of the door and frame mating surfaces is
ensured with hydrostatic pressure tending to force the faces apart.; C. (i) Describe the means of closing the door; (ii) State the
number of closing stations and the position of each.
Q5: A. State why fixed pitch propellers have a poor efficiency when going astern.; B. With reference to controllable pitch propellers
state:; (i) Why is it preferable that the main servomotor be housed in the propeller hub rather than in the shafting forward of the
propeller shaft?; (ii) What regular maintenance and checks should be carried out to ensure maximum reliability of the gear at all
times?
Q6: Give reasons, as to why each of the following features is considered desirable in air compressors A. Smooth air passages with
minimum obstruction at valves,; B.Minimum clearance volume,; C.Multi-tubular heat exchangers,; D.Generous size of suction filter.
Q7: Describe the following conditions are prevented in auxiliary boilers. Feed contamination by oil heating coil drains; (i) Internal
corrosion; (ii) Furnace blowback; (iii) Uptake fire; (iv) Furnace distortion; Difficulty in maintaining normal water level.
Q8: You have been appointed as Second Engineer of an older vessel which is in dry-docking and recently been purchased by your
shipping company. Describe, in detail about your inspection, to ensure that the equipments on board ship related to safety equipment
(equipments related to fire fighting and lifesaving) survey are satisfactorily complied with.
Q9. A. Discuss the possible reasons for the following changes in boiler water test results, at state what actions should be taken in
each case; Reduction in total dissolved solids and chemical reserves.; Reduction in phosphate reserve, with increase in chlorides and
total dissolved solids; Reduction in alkalinity reserve only. (iv)Increase in oxygen levels only. B. State why the complete results of
boiler water tests are logged or entered into a data retrieval system rather than a note being made of any particular result which
may be outside set limits.

APRIL 2011
Q1: The vessel on which you are serving as Second Engineer develops an oil leak from the stern tube aft oil seal whilst on voyage.
Write a letter to the owners of the vessel regarding the .incident, describing the temporary emergency measures taken to stop the
oil leak in order to allow the vessel to enter Indian territorial waters for cargo discharge and dry docking without contravening
MARPOL 1973/78. Also information about the cause of the oil leak and the action to be taken in dry dock to rectify it may be
mentioned.
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Q2: With reference to fixed installations for dealing with a machinery space fire - A. Describe with the aid of a sketch a typical
installation; B. Explain the testing procedure for the equipment: C. Outline the testing procedure for; (i) Remote shut down;(ii)Other
equipment to be used in the event of an engine room fire.
Q3: With reference to sleeved keyless propeller assemblies - A.(i) State, with reasons, the metals used in the manufacture of the
sleeve and tail end shaft;(ii)State the type and thickness of material used to bond the sleeve to the propeller boss; B.When removing
the propeller from the tail end shaft, state why the following procedures are not recommended:(i)Application of push off force by
means of wedges or jacks and draw off force by strong back;(ii) Expansion of propeller boss by concentrated local heating with gas
torches.
Q4: An auxiliary boiler water level control system has a differential pressure transmitter as the detecting element for water level.
A. Sketch and describe such an arrangement; B. If the transmitter was damaged describe how a replacement unit would be calibrated.
Q5: You have been appointed as Second Engineer to a new vessel that experiences severe aft end vibration. The problem is thought
to emanate from the propeller. The company, which is inexperienced in the operation of ships, requests you to investigate the
problem. Describe the causes of the vibration and suggest remedies including the selection of a new propeller with a different number
of blades.
Q6: Compare the following methods of crack detection, defining their advantages and limitations; Radiographic; Ultrasonic; Magnetic;
Dye penetrant.
Q7: A. (i) Sketch the pump characteristics of a typical centrifugal pump; (ii) Explain how these characteristics are obtained; B. Some
engine rooms circulating pumps of the centrifugal type are arranged for variable speed operation. Sketch the characteristics curves
for such a pump indicating the effect of varying speed; State the reasons for using pumps of the type referred to in B)
Q8: A. (i) Sketch a combustion gas system, suitable for inserting the cargo spaces of a vessel; (ii) Describe the operation of this
system; B. State the percentage analysis by volume of the inert gas generated by the system in A)
Q9: A. Draw a line sketch of a system used as an alternative to low pressure evaporator for producing water on board ship?; B.
Explain its working principle; C. What are its inherent advantages & limitations?

MARCH 2011
Q1. With reference to oily water separators:-Describes with the aid of a sketch, the working of such a separator; A. Explain the
consequence if the interface detector position is incorrect.
B. Enumerate the various possibilities by which oil / water interface can be described.
Q2: With reference to the carriage and pumping of liquefied gas cargo: Sketch a suitable pumping system labelling the component
parts; State; Why submerged hydraulically driven pumps are not used; How overheating of pump drive shaft bearings is avoided;
State, how the risk of fire and explosion in cargo tanks is obviated both in the loaded and discharged condition.
Q3: State with reasons how cracking in EACH of the following location is caused rectified and avoided; A frame; Bedplate longitudinal
girder; Bed plate transverse girder
Q4. Describe how you, as Second Engineer, would prepare an auxiliary boiler for survey by a classification society.
Q5. Damage has occurred to the main engine exhaust valves and the fuel supplied at a particular port is suspected. The owners
case/ however, in the ensuing dispute may be weak because the fuel was ordered specifying only type and viscosity; A. Apart from
fuel specification, describe how you, as Second Engineer, should have assisted the owners case when receiving the suspect fuel; B.
Describe a recognized fuel standard that may be used when ordering bunker fuel; C. Explain how the correct fuel standard selected;
D. Suggest, with reasons, why particular mention should be made of certain elements that might not be included in the fuel standard.
Q6: A. Describe with the aid of sketch the operation of Boiler feed water regulator controlled by at least 2 other parameter beside
water level in the drum. B. Give reason for the inclusion of the other element beside water level in controlling feed flow.
C. Describe the possible effect when the drain valve on the constant head leg in the level transmitter starts to leak
Q7: Sketch a sealing arrangement for an oil lubricated stern tube. Identify the common form of seal failure.
State how oil loss due to seal failure can be restricted whist on passage. What material is used for sealing ring and propeller shaft
liner?
Q8. A. State the laboratory tests that may be carried out on specimens of steel for ships plate giving reasons for the tests.
B.
The basic compositions of two ships plates are given in Table below one is an example of modem practice whilst the other
is a specification of a 1940s tanker that split in two due to brittle fracture. Compare these two specifications critically and explain
which of these two steels would be most resistant to brittle fracture.
C
M
SI
S
P
AI
N
SteelA 0.18%0.70% 0.30% 0.04% 0.04% 0,015% 0,005%
Steal B 0. 19% 0.57% 0.03% 0.029% 0.042% 0.005% 0.008%.
Q9: Draw a diagram of a 4 ram hydraulic steering gear showing; Pump, isolating valves; Relief\shock valves; By pass valve; Explain
the operation of the system sketched; Indicate in the diagram the valve position for operation of the system when one pump is
isolated and the unit is operating on 2 rams only.

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FEBRUARY 2011
Q1: You have been appointed as Second Engineer of an older vessel which is in dry-docking and recently been purchased by your
shipping company. Describe, in detail about your inspection, to ensure that the equipments on board ship related to safety equipment
(equipments related to fire fighting and lifesaving) survey are satisfactorily complied with.
Q2: Sketch a high lift safety valve and seat detailing their special features; Describe how such a valve is overhauled and any clearance
that should be measured and noted.
Q3: A. With reference to fatigue of engineering components explain the influence of stress level at cyclical frequency on expected
operating life; B. Explain the influence of material defects on the safe operating life of engineering component; C. State the factors
which influence the possibility of fatigue cracking of a bed plate transverse girder and explain how the risk of such cracking can be
minimized.
Q4: A. The UMS monitoring and control system of your ship has recently started to give false alarms and incorrect data printouts.
State, with reasons, possible causes if the false alarms and reading are: Localized to a particular area of engine operation; General
to the engine room; B. State, with reasons, the action you, as Second Engineer, would take to ensure continued safe operation of
the vessel if the defects were general to the engine room.
C. Explain the procedure you, as Second Engineer, would adopt in order to locate and rectify a general fault in the UMS system.
Q5. Sketch suitable welded joints indicating the approximate plate thickness and dimensions of preparation for the following
purposes; A. End plate connection to the shell of an unfired pressure vessel B. Longitudinal seam of an unfired pressure vessel C.
Prefabricated combustion chamber for an auxiliary boiler
Q6: A. (i. Sketch a combustion gas system, suitable for inserting the cargo spaces of a vessel; ii. Describe the operation of this
system; State the percentage analysis by volume of the inert gas generated by the system in Q2 A)
Q7: The pipe work of the sea water circulation system for a passenger ship has to be completely renewed. The company contracted
for the work has no previous experience of marine installation. You as the Second engineer have been requested to write the
specification for manufacture and installation of the pipe line A. outline your proposal for fabrication of the pipeline; explain how the
problem of the problem of hunting can be rectified.
Q8: An auxiliary engine exhibits a tendency to hunt to such an extent that the engine speed variation prohibits the connection of the
machine to the switchboard. A. discuss the possible causes of hunting. B. Explain how the problem of hunting can be rectified.
Q9: With reference to the carriage and pumping of liquefied gas cargo:
A. Sketch a suitable pumping system labelling the component parts; B. State; why submerged hydraulically driven pumps are not
used; C. How overheating of pump drive shaft bearings is avoided; D. State, how the risk of fire and explosion in cargo tanks is
obviated both in the loaded and discharged condition.

JANUARY 2011
Q1: It has been found necessary to completely replenish all of the oil in the lubricating system of a large motor ship (or steam turbine
ship). As Chief Engineer, write a detailed report to the Superintendent. Engineer justifying this heavy expenditure, the expediencies
required to prevent further trouble during the voyage, and suggestions of permanent measures to avoid a recurrence of the initial
problem
Q2. A. Sketch and describe a Pilgrim Nut for securing a propeller to the screw shaft; B. Describe how this device is used to loosen
the propeller on the shaft when removal or inspection becomes necessary; C. Give four reasons why this method is considered to be
superior to all other methods.
Q3. A. Describe an air conditioning system for a passenger car ferry; B. Explain in detail how the humidity of the air is measured and
controlled.
Q4: Various tests are carried out on material used for boiler construction. With reference to these tests, explain the following terms
(1) elongation (2) yield point (3) area reduction (4) ultimate stress.
Q5: Describe how you would remove air from a tele-motor system. What are the dangers of air in a telemotor system?
Q6: A. What gases are present in oil tanks after pumping out? B. How would you remove these gases and what are the dangers of
these gases. C. What is the chemical composition of coal? Give the average calorific value of coal. Describe the chemical process
when coal is burned in air.
Q7: Describe a bilge system suitable for a ship with cellular double bottoms. By means of a simple sketch, show the positions of
pumps, manifolds, suctions, etc.
Q8. A ship is engaged in filling double-bottom and deep thanks with fuel. Explain and describe: A. The dangers implicit in the
operation; (ii)the precautions that must he observed (iii)the legal requirements that must be adhered to Q9. Sketch and describe
a fluid coupling as used with a prime mover. Why are these couplings fitted?

DECEMBER 2010
Q1. A. Describe the procedure to be adopted for the inspection of a safety valve fitted to an exhaust gas boiler stating, with reasons,
which parts should receive particularly close attention; B. Describe the procedure for the setting of safety valves of exhaust gas
operated auxiliary boilers; C. Explain the action a Chief Engineer should take after the setting of safety valves as in B).
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Q2: What preventative measures should be taken against the out-break of fire in an oil burning vessel?; How would you proceed to
subdue such an oil fire?; Describe with the aid of a sketch, a foam type portable fire extinguisher.
Q3: Explain why it is necessary to have intercoolers on a multi-stage compressor. What attention do these require to keep them in
a good and safe working condition?; Sketch and describe the construction of a multi-stage compressor intercooler suitable for a
working pressure of2400 kpa? State materials.; What attention is needed before opening up for inspection?; What faults are likely to
develop in an air compressor and how are they remedied.
Q4: Explain how the ingress of sea water is prevented in an oil lubricated stem bearing system. Should the system fail, describe the
corrective action possible whilst the vessel is afloat. State why two stern bearing oil header tanks are fitted in some instances?
Q5: Sketch and describe a stockless anchor illustrating the method or device used to attach it to the chain cable. When the anchor
and cable are ranged during the ships underwater survey what parts require special attention and what defects are likely to be
discovered?
Q6: What are the conditions required in the cylinders of a marine diesel engine for good combustion. State under normal working
conditions how the following may occur Black smoke, White smoke, Blue smoke.
Q7: Describe how you would test boiler water for; i.Alkalinity.; ii.Chlorides.;State the values obtained from the tests that would be
considered suitable for a water tube boiler if the test results were unsatisfactory, what remedial action would you take?
Q8: The pipe work of the sea water circulation system for a passenger ship has to be completely renewed. The company contracted
for the work has no previous experience of marine installation. You as the Second engineer have been requested to write the
specification for manufacture and installation of the steel pipe.
Q9: A. What gases are present in oil tanks after pumping out? B. How would you remove these gases and what are the dangers of
these gases.

NOVEMBER 2010
Q1:A. Describe the procedure to be adopted for the inspection of a safety valve fitted to an exhaust gas boiler stating, with reasons,
which parts should receive particularly close attention.; B. Describe the procedure for the setting of safety valves of exhaust gas
operated auxiliary boilers.; C. Explain the action a Chief Engineer should take after the setting of safety valves as in B)
Q2: Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of adopting the following Planned Maintenance Condition Monitoring Breakdown
Maintenance.
Q3: A,. Describe the term volumetric efficiency as related to air compressor; B. Describe the effect of the following faults in multi
stage reciprocating air compressor - Inter stage cooler starved of cooling water; Worn crank shaft bearing; Broken or worn scarper
ring; Suggest a failsafe arrangement in the event of inter stage cooler water loss.
Q4: With reference to the carriage and pumping of liquefied gas cargo: Sketch a suitable pumping system labelling the component
parts; State; Why submerged hydraulically driven pumps are not used; How overheating of pump drive shaft bearings is avoided;
State, how the risk of fire and explosion in cargo tanks is obviated both in the loaded and discharged condition.
Q5: With reference to electro-hydraulic steering gears:
A. Explain in terms of control parlance the function of the Hunting gear, B. Explain the consequences if the standby pumping unit
is motored; C. State TWO methods employed to prevent the standby hydraulic pump being motored by the operating unit.
Q6: Give possible reasons for the following in boiler water test result and state what action should be taken.
A. When total dissolved solids and chemical reserves are reducing. B. When phosphate reserve is reducing but chlorinate and TDS
are increasing. C. When alkalinity reserve is only reducing. D. When oxygen level only is increasing.
Q7. Describe how you, as Second Engineer, would prepare an auxiliary boiler for survey by a classification society.
Q8: A. Briefly explain the term fatigue and explain how fatigue failure occur; B. State the difference between high stress / low cycle
and low stress / high cycle; C. State how defect in metal can influence the expected safe life of a component; D. State how fuel timing
and cylinder power balance can influence the possibility of fatigue crack.
Q9: The pipe work of the sea water circulation system for a passenger ship has to be completely renewed. The company contracted
for the work has no previous experience of marine installation. You as the Second engineer have been requested to write the
specification for manufacture and installation of the steel pipe.

OCTOBER 2010
Q1: With reference to the carriage and pumping of liquefied gas cargo:
A. Sketch a suitable pumping system labelling the component parts; B. State; Why submerged hydraulically driven pumps are not
used; C. How overheating of pump drive shaft bearings is avoided; D. State, how the risk of fire and explosion in cargo tanks is
obviated both in the loaded and discharged condition.
Q2: Draw a diagram of a 4 ram hydraulic steering gear showing; Pump, isolating valves; Relief\shock valves; By pass valve; Explain
the operation of the system sketched; Indicate in the diagram the valve position for operation of the system when one pump is
isolated and the unit is operating on 2 rams only.
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A. Describes with the aid of a sketch, the working of such a separator, B. Explain the consequence if the interface detector position
is incorrect. C. Enumerate the various possibilities by which oil / water interface can be described.
Q4. Describe how you as C/E would prepare an aux boiler for a class survey.
Q5: Sketch a sealing arrangement for an oil lubricated stern tube. Identify the common form of seal failure.
State how oil loss due to seal failure can be restricted whist on passage. What material is used for sealing ring and propeller shaft
liner?
Q6: A. State the laboratory tests that may be carried out on specimens of steel for ships' plate giving reasons for the tests.
B. The basic compositions of two ships' plates are given in Table below One is an example of modem practice whilst the other is a
specification of a 1940's tanker that split in two due to brittle fracture. Compare these two specifications critically and explain which
of these two steels would be most resistant to brittle fracture.
C
M
SI
S
P
AI
N
Steel'A' 0.18%
0.70%
0.30%
0.04%
0.04%
0,015%
0,005%
Steal "B" 0. 19%
0.57%
0.03%
0.029% 0.042% 0.005%
0.008%.
Q7: A. Describe with the aid of sketch the operation of Boiler feed water regulator controlled by at least 2 other parameter beside
water level in the drum; B. Give reason for the inclusion of the other element beside water level in controlling feed flow; C. Describe
the possible effect when the drain valve on the constant head leg in the level transmitter starts to leak
Q8: State with reasons how cracking in each of the following location is caused rectified and avoided
A frame; Bedplate longitudinal girder; Bed plate transverse girder

SEPTEMBER 2010
Q1. A. Draw line diagram of a feed water system for an auxiliary boiler, labelling all the principal items and showing the direction of
flow. B. Explain how feed supply to the boiler is regulated? Explain rising water level characteristics of level control. State what
preventive and corrective measures may be taken if oil contamination of the feed water takes place? C. State what means are
provided to prevent oil contamination of the feed water.
Q2. You have been appointed as the Second Engineer of an eight years old vessel, recently purchased by your shipping company.
Write a report to the engineering superintendent covering the inspection of main propulsion machinery carried out by you, to ensure
its trouble free operation.
Q3. A. Explain the causes of the formation of mill scale on steel plate.;B. Describe the preparation necessary before the application
of conventional paints to the underwater surface of the hull. C. Describe a coating scheme for the underwater hull using conventional
paints.
Q4. Sketch an arrangement of propeller and stem tube in which the tube is filled with oil and Suggest a method of repair when
rubbing surfaces of the oil seal gets badly worn out. State the defects that you would look for when the shaft is withdrawn in the dry
dock.
Q5. An auxiliary boiler water level control system has a differential pressure transmitter as the detecting element for water level; A
.Sketch and describe such an arrangement; B. If the transmitter was damaged describe how a replacement unit would be calibrated.
Q6. A. Sketch and describe a gear type pump indicating the flow of fluid; B. State the materials that gear type pump components
may be manufactured from; C. Specify THREE applications that are suitable for the employment of gear type pumps.
Q7. A. Describe, with the aid of sketches where necessary, a rotary vane type steeling gear showing, how the weight of the rudder
and stock are carried and the arrangement that allows for wear down? B. State how the vanes described in a are secured and the
method of sealing the edges Explain why the stator pressure chambers are usually duplicated; State what considerations determine
the number of vanes.
Q8. A. Sketch and describe a high pressure cut-out in a refrigeration system.
B. The refrigeration compressor has stopped cue to operation of the h.p. cut-out Explain (i) The possible caused. (ii) How these
causes would be found and possible remedies; C. What steps are taken if the compressor short cycle on low pressure cut-out?
Q9. A. Describe the procedure to be adopted for the inspection of a safety valve fitted to an exhaust gas boiler stating, with reasons,
which parts should receive particularly close attention; B. Describe the procedure for the setting of safety valves of exhaust gas
operated auxiliary boilers; C. Explain the action a Chief Engineer should take after the setting of safety valves as in B.

AUGUST 2010
Q1: With reference to air conditioning units - With the aid of a sketch, explain the operation of a unit which includes means of
dehumidifying, humidifying and refrigerated cooling - (i) Describe the conditions that could lead to legionnaires growth; (ii) List the
precautions necessary in the maintenance of air conditioning systems to reduce the risk of legionnaires disease being contacted.
Q2. With reference to pneumatic differential transmitters; - A. Sketch and describe such a transmitter B. State the duties that they
may perform.
Q3. With reference to keyless propellers - A. Make a sketch showing how a propeller is mounted using the Pilgrim method; B. Explain
the advantages of the Pilgrim method.
Q4. Sketch and describe a low pressure evaporator utilizing low grade heat to produce the distillate
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State, with reasons the prohibitions placed on the use of the evaporator with regard to the location of the vessel
Q5. A. Describe the type of pump that would be installed in a hydraulic system for deck machinery; B. Explain the possible causes of
contamination in a hydraulic system. C. Describe the likely results of contamination; D. Explain how contamination is monitored.
Q6. A. Sketch and describe a four ram hydraulic steering gears; B. Explain the operations, that are necessary to enable & system to
operate on two rams only.
Q7. A. Sketch and describe the purpose of an expansion fitted in a refrigeration system; B. With regards a high pressure cut-out in
a refrigerate, state four operational circumstances that may cause a high pressure operate;
Q8. A. Sketch and describe the purpose of an expansion fitted in Refrigeration system; B. With regards a high pressure cut-out in a
refrigerate, state four operational circumstances that may cause a high pressure operate;
Q9. Describe with the aid of a sketch, an aerobic sewage treatment plant - A. State the effect, if any, of change of temperature and
regularity of flow on the system; B. Explain the significance of Biological Oxygen Demand.
Q10. Explain how Green House Gas emissions by the IMO? from ships are to be reduced.

JULY 2010
Q1: You have been appointed as the Second Engineer of an eight years old vessel, recently purchased by your shipping company.
Write a report to the engineering superintendent covering the inspection of main propulsion machinery carried out by you, to ensure
its trouble free operation.
Q2:A. Explain the causes of the formation of mill scale on steel plate.; B. Describe the preparation necessary before the application
of conventional paints to the underwater surface of the hull; C. Describe a coating scheme for the underwater hull using conventional
paints.
Q3: Reverse osmosis is the modern alternative for shipboard production of drinking water.
Describe using simple diagrams if necessary, the principle of reverse osmosis; (i) Sketch a line diagram showing a single pass system
for producing fresh water from sea Water. (ii)Describe such a system.
Q4: With reference to independent emergency fire pumps.
A. State three areas where they are commonly installed and give reasons why; B. Describe with the aid of a sketch an air pump or
primer used to initiate suction when the fire pump is situated above sea water C. level. D. State the suction lift which would be
expected from a single stage pump system.; E. State how the capacity of the fire pump should be tested.; F. State how it can ensure
that the pump is kept in good working order; G. State the precautions which must be taken in sub zero temperatures.
Q5: With reference to the carriage and pumping of liquefied gas cargo:
A. Sketch a suitable pumping system labelling the component parts; B. State; why submerged hydraulically driven pumps are not
used; C. How overheating of pump drive shaft bearings is avoided; D. State, how the risk of fire and explosion in cargo tanks is
obviated both in the loaded and discharged condition.
Q6: With reference to electro-hydraulic steering gears:
A. Explain in term s of control parlance the function of the Hunting gear, B. Explain the consequences if the standby pumping unit
is motored; C. State TWO methods employed to prevent the standby hydraulic pump being motored by the operating unit.
Q7: A. Briefly explain the term fatigue and explain how fatigue failure occur; B. State the difference between high stress / low cycle
and low stress / high cycle; C. State how defect in metal can influence the expected safe life of a component; D. State how fuel timing
and cylinder power balance can influence the possibility of fatigue crack.
Q8: A. Describe a transverse bow thrust unit using a controllable pitch propeller. Mention should be made of how it is supported
and how the strength of thrust and reverse thrust are achieved; B. State with reasons, a suitable prime mover for the controllable
pitch propeller. C. State whether the thrust unit delivers a relatively low pressure head with high volume output or high pressure head
with low volume output.

JUNE 2010
Q1: A. Sketch and describe a high pressure cut-out in a refrigeration system.
B. The refrigeration compressor has stopped cue to operation of the h.p. cut-out Explain: (i) The possible caused. (ii) How these
causes would be found and possible remedies.
C. What steps are taken if the compressor short cycle on low pressure cut-out?
Q2: A. Describe the procedure to be adopted for the inspection of a safety valve fitted to an exhaust gas boiler stating, with reasons,
which parts should receive particularly close attention; B. Describe the procedure for the setting of safety valves of exhaust gas
operated auxiliary boilers; C. Explain the action a Chief Engineer should take after the setting of safety valves a in B.
Q3: A. Sketch an arrangement of propeller and stem tube in which the tube is filled with oil and suggest a method of repair when
rubbing surfaces of the oil seal gets badly worn out; B. State the defects that you would look for when the shaft is withdrawn in the
dry dock.
Q4: Give possible reasons for the following in boiler water test result and state what action should be taken - A. When total dissolved
solids and chemical reserves are reducing. B. When phosphate reserve is reducing but chlorinity and TDS are increasing; C. When
alkalinity reserve is only reducing.; D. When oxygen level only is increasing.
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Q5: An auxiliary boiler water level control system has a differential pressure transmitter as the detecting element for water level - A
.Sketch and describe such an arrangement; B .If the transmitter was damaged describe how a replacement unit would be calibrated.
Q6: A. Describe with the aid of sketches where necessary a vane type steering gear showing how to weight of the rudder and stock
are carried and the arrangement that allow for wear down; B. State how the vanes described in A. are secured and the method of
sealing the edges; C. State how, if necessary, the steering gear is locked for rudder maintenance.
Q7: You have been appointed as the Second Engineer of an eight years old vessel, recently purchased by your shipping company.
Write a report to the engineering superintendent covering the inspection of main propulsion machinery carried out by you, to ensure
its trouble free operation.
Q8: A. Explain the causes of the formation of mill scale on steel plate. B. Describe the preparation necessary before the application
of conventional paints to the underwater surface of the hull. C. Describe a coating scheme for the underwater hull using conventional
paints.

APRIL 2010
Q1. Describe the possible faults which may be found during a dry-dock inspection of the following;
A. Stern frame; B.Sea chest; C. Bilge keel; D. Anodes; E. Rudders.
Q2. With reference to oily water separators:- A. Describes with the aid of a sketch, the working of such a separator; B. Explain the
consequence if the interface detector position is incorrect; C. Enumerate the various possibilities by which oil / water interface can
be described.
Q3. A. State the advantages of using steam turbine propulsion power for vessels carrying LNG cargo; B. With regard to the use of
L.N.G. cargo as boiler fuel explain :(i)The safety precautions relating to the gas pipeline supplying the boiler and burning the gas in
the boiler; (ii) The means of getting rid of excess gases during loading or discharge.
Q4. A. Sketch a high lift safety valve and seat detailing their special features; B. Describe how such a valve is overhauled and any
clearance that should be measured and noted.
Q5. A. Sketch a four-ram steering gear arrangement capable of 100% redundancy; B. Describe the operation of the arrangement
sketched in A..
Q6. A. Sketch and describe a cargo space inert gas system producing washed gas from cither a main boiler or from an independent
gas generator module; B. Why is the inert gas producing system you have described not suitable for a machinery space fixed fire
fighting system?
Q7. With reference to the carriage and pumping of liquefied gas cargo:
A. Sketch a suitable pumping system labelling the component parts; B. State; Why submerged hydraulically driven pumps are not
used; C. How overheating of pump drive shaft bearings is avoided; D. State, how the risk of fire and explosion in cargo tanks is
obviated both in the loaded and discharged condition.
Q8. With reference to electro-hydraulic steering gears: Explain in terms of control parlance the function of the Hunting gear, Explain
the consequences if the standby pumping unit is motored; State TWO methods employed to prevent the standby hydraulic pump
being motored by the operating unit.
Q9. A. Briefly explain the term fatigue and explain how fatigue failure occur; B. State the difference between high stress / low cycle
and low stress / high cycle; C. State how defect in metal can influence the expected safe life of a component; D. State how fuel timing
and cylinder power balance can influence the possibility of fatigue crack.

MARCH 2010
Q1: With reference to the carriage and pumping of liquefied gas cargo:
A. Sketch a suitable pumping system labelling the component parts; B. State; Why submerged hydraulically driven pumps are not
used; C. How overheating of pump drive shaft bearings is avoided; D. State, how the risk of fire and explosion in cargo tanks is
obviated both in the loaded and discharged condition.
Q2: A. Briefly explain the term fatigue and explain how fatigue failure occur; B. State the difference between high stress / low cycle .
and low stress / high cycle; C. State how defect in metal can influence the expected safe life of a component; D. State how fuel timing
and cylinder power balance can influence the possibility of fatigue crack.
Q3: A. State the advantages of using steam turbine propulsion power for vessels carrying LNG cargo.
B. With regard to the use of L.N.G. cargo as boiler fuel explain:
(i)The safety precautions relating to the gas pipeline supplying the boiler and burning the gas in the boiler; (ii) The means of getting
rid of excess gases during loading or discharge.
Q4: With reference to oily water separators:- A. Describes with the aid of a sketch, the working of such a separator; B. Explain the
consequence if the interface detector position is incorrect; C. Enumerate the various possibilities by which oil / water interface can
be described.
Q5: A. Sketch and describe a cargo space inert gas system producing washed gas from cither a main boiler or from an independent
gas generator module.; B. Why is the inert gas producing system you have described not suitable for a machinery space fixed fire
fighting system.
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Q6: A. Sketch a high lift safety valve and seat detailing their special features; B. Describe how such a valve is overhauled and any
clearance that should be measured and noted.
Q7: With regards to main transmission shaft flange coupling arrangements:- A. Sketch a hollow type coupling bolt and the hydraulic
head/nut and loading rod which are used to fit it; B. Describe how the bolt is fitted; C. State the advantage of the hollow coupling
bolt as compared to the traditional type of coupling bolt.
Q8. A. Sketch a four-ram steering gear arrangement capable of 100% redundancy; Describe the operation of the arrangement
sketched in A..
Q9: Describe the possible faults which may be found during a dry-dock inspection of the following; A. Stern frame; B. Sea chest; C.
Bilge keel; D. Anodes; E. Rudders.

FEBRUARY 2010
Q1. A. Describe with the aid of sketches where necessary a vane type steering gear showing how to weight of the rudder and stock
are carried and the arrangement that allow for wear down; B. State how the vanes described in A. are secured and the method of
sealing the edges; C. State how, if necessary, the steering gear is locked for rudder maintenance.
Q2. A. With reference to fatigue of engineering components explain the influence of stress level at cyclical frequency on expected
operating life; B. Explain the influence of material defects on the safe operating life of engineering component; C. State the factors
which influence the possibility of fatigue cracking of a bed plate transverse girder and explain how the risk of such cracking can be
minimized.
Q3. With respect to tankers describe: How a pump room is ventilated?; How cargo tanks are ventilated?; The main problem of
carrying liquefied natural gas.; How the boil off from liquefied natural gas is handled?
Q4. A. Explain why it is essential to ensure adequate cooling of air compressor cylinders, inter coolers and after coolers; State with
reasons the possible consequences of prolonged operation of the compressor if these areas are not adequately cooled.
Q5. A. Sketch a ships indirect refrigeration system arranged for cooling containers showed in stacks in the hold.B. Describe the
refrigeration system sketched in A) ; C. State the advantages of the system described in A). compared with containers with their own
refrigeration self-contained units.
Q6. With reference to sleeved keyless propeller assemblies:
A.(i) State, with reasons, the metals used in the manufacture of the sleeve and tail end shaft;(ii)State the type and thickness of
material used to bond the sleeve to the propeller boss; B.When removing the propeller from the tail end shaft, state why the following
procedures are not recommended:
(i)Application of push off force by means of wedges or jacks and draw off force by strong back; (ii) Expansion of propeller boss by
concentrated local heating with gas torches.
Q7. A rating has been badly burned by a blow back from the oil fired auxiliary boiler. As 2nd engineer make a full report to head
office explaining the circumstance of the incident and precautionary means now taken to reduce the possibility of a similar occurrence.
Q8. Give reasons why each of the following features is considered desirable in air compressors; 1.Smooth air passages with minimum
obstruction at valves; 2.Minimum clearance volume; 3.Multi-tubular heat exchangers; 4.Generous size of suction filter.
Q9. Sketch and describe, a valve suitable for reducing air pressure and maintaining the reduced pressure within close limits. Describe
the processes through which air from the starting air receivers should be treated before it is in a pneumatic control system.

JANUARY 2010
Q1: You have been appointed as Second Engineer of an older vessel which is in dry-dock and recently been purchased by your
shipping company. Describe, in detail about your inspection, to ensure that the equipment on board ship related to safety equipment
(equipment related to firefighting and lifesaving) survey are satisfactorily complied with.
Q2. Sketch a high lift safety valve and seat detailing their special features
Describe how such a valve is overhauled and any clearance that should be measured and noted.
Q3. A. Sketch and describe TWO methods that employ monomeric means for measuring tank contents; B. State what corrections are
made to the readings obtained by the methods described in A. in order to gauge the mass contents; C. Explain how bunkering
requirements may be estimated when no records of main engine fuel consumption are available on board.
Q4: A. With reference to fatigue of engineering components explain the influence of stress level at cyclical frequency on expected
operating life; B. Explain the influence of material defects on the safe operating life of engineering component; (. State the factors
which influence the possibility of fatigue cracking of a bed plate transverse girder and explain how the risk of such cracking can be
minimized.
Q5. A. Sketch a simple cross section through a single stage centrifugal pump with a fully shrouded single entry impeller, name the
components of the pump and indicate the direction of fluid flow; B. Describe:-; The function of the impeller and how suction is created
by it; The function of the volute casing; State the material of each component of the pump. C. State the suction lift that may be
expected. D. State why some centrifugal pumps have:- A double volute casing; (ii) A diffuser ring
Q6. With reference to Liquefied Natural Gas Carriers (LNG), explain the inspection you will carry out on the following equipments; A.LNG Vaporizer; B.Re-gasification plant; C.Cargo pumps; D.Emergency discharge pumps.
Q7. Describe how the following conditions can be avoided in auxiliary boilers:
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QUESTION BANK - EKG

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Furnace distortion; Uptake fires; Difficulty in maintaining normal water level.


Q8. You have been appointed as Second Engineer of an older vessel which is in dry-dock and recently been purchased by your
shipping company. Describe, in detail about your inspection, to ensure that the equipments on board ship related to safety equipment
(equipments related to firefighting and lifesaving) survey are satisfactorily complied with.
Q9. State the advantages of using steam turbine propulsion power for vessels carrying LNG cargo; With regard to the use of L.N.G.
cargo as boiler fuel explain:

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