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Exam

Name___________________________________

MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.
1) The ground-state electron configuration of the element __________ is [Kr]5s14d 5 .
A) Cr

B) Tc

C) Mo

D) Nb

E) Mn

2) Atomic radius generally increases as we move __________.


A) down a group and from left to right across a period
B) up a group and from right to left across a period
C) down a group; the period position has no effect
D) down a group and from right to left across a period
E) up a group and from left to right across a period
3) __________ is isoelectronic with argon and __________ is isoelectronic with neon.
A) Ne- , Ar+
B) Cl- , FC) Ne- , Kr+
D) Cl-, Cl+

E) F+, F-

4) At maximum, an f-subshell can hold __________ electrons, a d-subshell can hold __________ electrons, and a
p-subshell can hold __________ electrons.
A) 14, 10, 6

B) 2, 6, 10

C) 2, 12, 21

D) 2, 8, 18

E) 18, 8, 2

5) Electromagnetic radiation travels through vacuum at a speed of __________ m/s.


A) 3.00 x 108
B) 10,000
C) 125
D) 186,000
E) It depends on wavelength.
6) The lines in the emission spectrum of hydrogen result from __________.
A) electrons given off by hydrogen when it burns
B) decomposing hydrogen atoms
C) energy given off in the form of visible light when an electron moves from a higher energy state to a lower
energy state
D) protons given off when hydrogen burns
E) electrons given off by hydrogen as it cools
7) Which of the following sets contains species that are isoelectronic?
A) Cl, Ar, K
B) P3-, S2-, ArC) F, Ne, Na

D) Al3+, S2-, Ar

E) F- , Ne, Na+

8) All of the orbitals in a given electron shell have the same value of the __________ quantum number.
A) principal

B) psi

C) magnetic

D) spin

E) azimuthal

9) The elements in the __________ period of the periodic table have a core-electron configuration that is the same
as the electron configuration of neon.
A) first

B) second

C) third

D) fourth

E) fifth

10) An electron in a(n) __________ subshell experiences the greatest effective nuclear charge in a many-electron
atom.
A) 4s

B) 3p

C) 3s

11) Which is the correct ground-state electron configuration for silver?


A) [Kr]5s2 4d 10
B) [Xe]5s1 4d 10
C) [Kr]5s1 4d 10

D) 3f

E) 3d

D) [Xe]5s2 4d 9

E) [Kr]5s2 4d 9

12) The photoelectric effect is __________.


A) the darkening of photographic film when exposed to an electric field
B) a relativistic effect
C) the production of current by silicon solar cells when exposed to sunlight
D) the total reflection of light by metals giving them their typical luster
E) the ejection of electrons by a metal when struck by light
13) Which ion in the isoelectronic series below has the smallest radius in a crystal?
A) Na+
B) N3C) O2D) F-

E) Al3+

14) __________-orbitals are spherically symmetrical.


A) d

B) f

C) g

D) p

15) The frequency of a photon that has an energy of 3.7 x 10-18 J is __________ s-1.
A) 5.6 x 1015
B) 2.5 x 1015
C) 5.4 x 10-8
D) 1.8 x 10-16

E) s

E) 2.5 x 10-15

16) Which one of the following compounds produces a basic solution when dissolved in water?
A) OF2

B) SO2

C) O2

D) Na2O

E) CO2

D) Na

E) P

17) Which of the following has the largest second ionization energy?
A) Mg

B) Si

C) Al

18) Elements in the modern version of the periodic table are arranged in order of increasing __________.
A) atomic mass
B) oxidation number
C) number of isotopes
D) atomic number
E) average atomic mass
19) Of the elements below, __________ has the largest first ionization energy.
A) H

B) Na

C) K

D) Li

E) Rb

20) Electrons that are in degenerate orbitals have the same __________.
A) energy
B) shape
C) size
D) value of n
E) spatial orientation
21) What is the frequency (s-1) of electromagnetic radiation that has a wavelength of 0.53 m?
A) 1.8 x 10-9
B) 1.3 x 1033
C) 1.3 x 10-33
D) 1.6 x 108

E) 5.7 x 108

22) Which electron configuration represents a violation of Hund's rule for an atom in its ground state?
A)

B)

C)

D)

E)

23) In which orbital does an electron in a phosphorus atom experience the greatest effective nuclear charge?
A) 1s

B) 2s

C) 2p

24) The ground state electron configuration for Zn is __________.


A) [Ar]4s23d 10
B) [Ar]3s2 3d 10
C) [Kr]3s2 3d 10

D) 3s

E) 3p

D) [Kr]4s2 3d 10

E) [Ar]4s13d 10

25) There are __________ possible values for the magnetic quantum number of an electron in a 5f subshell.
A) 1

B) 3

C) 5

D) 14

E) 7

26) Which electron configuration represents a violation of the Pauli exclusion principle?
A)

B)

C)

D)

E)

27) Which one of the following compounds would produce an acidic solution when dissolved in water?
A) MgO

B) Na2 O

C) CO2

D) SrO

E) CaO

28) How many quantum numbers are necessary to designate a particular electron in an atom?
A) 2

B) 3

C) 5

D) 4

E) 1

C) vl = c

D) l = c v

E) v + l = c

29) Which one of the following is correct?


A) v = cl

B) v d l = c

30) The first ionization energies of the elements __________ as you go from left to right across a period of the
periodic table, and __________ as you go from the bottom to the top of a group in the table.
A) increase, increase
B) increase, decrease
C) decrease, increase
D) decrease, decrease
E) are completely unpredictable
31) The wavelength of light that has a frequency of 1.20 x 1013s-1 is __________ m.
A) 25.0

B) 12.0

C) 0.0400

D) 2.50 x 10-5

E) 2.5

32) There are __________ unpaired electrons in a ground state phosphorus atom.
A) 0

B) 1

C) 2

D) 3

E) 4

D) 1p

E) 3d

33) The __________ subshell contains only one orbital.


A) 6f

B) 5d

C) 4s

34) Which ion in the isoelectronic series below has the largest radius in a crystal?
A) O2B) Na+
C) Al3+
D) N3-

E) F-

35) There are __________ orbitals in the third shell.


A) 1

B) 9

C) 4

D) 16

E) 25

36) Excitation of __________ will yield a line spectrum when the emission is recorded.
A) NH3

B) C2 H6

C) CO2

D) Ar

E) (CH3 )3Al

D) radio

E) microwave

37) All of the __________ have a valence shell electron configuration ns1 .
A) halogens
B) noble gases
C) chalcogens
D) alkali metals
E) alkaline earth metals
38) Of the following, __________ radiation has the shortest wavelength.
A) ultraviolet

B) X-ray

C) infrared

Answer Key
Testname: 1411-3F.TST
MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
7)
8)
9)
10)
11)
12)
13)
14)
15)
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17)
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24)
25)
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27)
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29)
30)
31)
32)
33)
34)
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36)
37)
38)

C
D
B
A
A
C
E
A
C
C
C
E
E
E
A
D
D
D
A
A
E
E
A
A
E
E
C
D
C
A
A
D
C
D
B
D
D
B