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P-Block Elements
VIA Group Elements
Sub Topic-I
The atomic number of sulphur is 16, in the ground state of sulphide ion, the
electronic configuration is
2. 1s 2 2s 2 2 p 6 3s 2 3 p 4

3. 1s 2 2s 2 2 p 6 3s 2 3 p 6
2.

4. 1s 2 2 s 2 2 p 6 3s 2 3s 4 3 p 6

The electronic configuration, 1s 2 2 s 2 2 p 5 3s1 represents which one of the


following

2. The ground state of neon

3. An excited state O 2 ion

4. The ground state of F ion

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1. An excited state of fluorine atom

The decreasing tendency to exist in puckered 8-membered ring structure is

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3.

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1. 1s 2 2s 2 2 p 6 3s 2 3 p 2

3. S Te Se Po

4. Te Se S Po

Which one of the following bonds has the highest bond energy?
2. S S

3. Se Se

1. O O

4. Te Te

The increasing thermal stability of the hydrides of group 16 follows the

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5.

2. Se S Te Po

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1. S Se Te Po
4.

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1.

sequence
1. H 2O, H 2 S , H 2 Se, H 2Te

2. H 2Te, H 2 Se, H 2 S , H 2O

3. H 2 S , H 2O, H 2 Se, H 2Te

4. H 2 Se, H 2 S , H 2O, H 2Te

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1. H 2 S , H 2O, H 2Te, H 2 Se

2. H 2O, H 2 S , H 2 Se, H 2Te

3. H 2Te, H 2 Se, H 2 S , H 2O

4. H 2 S , H 2 Se, H 2Te, H 2O

TeCl4 is expected to be

1. Tetrahedral
8.

2. sp 3

2. 1050

3. Sp

4. sp 3d

3. 1200

4. 600

The correct increasing order of dipole moments of the following is

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1. H 2O H 2 S H 2 Se Te

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3. H 2 Se H 2Te H 2O H 2 S

2. H 2Te H 2 Se H 2 S H 2O

4. H 2 S H 2O H 2 Se H 2Te

The correct order of decreasing stability of hexa fluorides of group VI A

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11.

4. Trigonal bipyramid

The S-S-S bond angle is S8 molecule is


1. 109.50

10.

3. Octahedral

In S8 molecule, the type of hybridization exhibited by sulphur is


1. sp 2

9.

2. Square planar

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7.

The correct order or increasing boiling point is

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6.

members is

2. TeF6 SeF6 SF6

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1. SF6 SeF6 TeF6


3. SF6 TeF6 SeF6

12.

4. TeF6 SF6 SeF6

The molecule having one p p and two p d bonds


1. SO2

2. SO3

3. CO2

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is
4. N 2

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13.

The correct order of electron affinity of VIA elements is


1. O S Se Te

14.

2. O Se S Te

3. O Te Se S

4. O Se Te S

Regarding SCl4 the wrong statement is

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1. In SCl4 the hybridization of S is sp 3 sp 3d and shape is distorted trigonal


bipyramidal.

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2. The product of hydrolysis is H 2 SO3


3. It acts both as Lewis acid and Lewis base.
4. It is very stable liquid.
15.

The order of acidic character of dioxides of VIA group elements is


1. SeO2 TeO2 SO2

2. SeO2 SO2 TeO2

Oxygen is always divalent whereas sulphur can form 2, 4 and 6 bonds. This is
because

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16.

4. TeO2 SO2 SeO2

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3. SO2 SeO2 TeO2

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1. Oxygen is more electronegative than sulphur.

2. Sulphur contains d-orbitals whereas oxygen does not.

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3. Sulphur has larger atomic radius than oxygen.


4. Sulphur is more electronegative than oxygen.

17.

The bond angles of the hydrides of group VI A elements decrease as we move


down the group. The is because of
1. Increase in bond pair-bond pair repulsion.

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2. Decrease in bond pair-bond pair repulsion.
3. Decrease in electro negativity of the central atom.
4. Increase in electro negativity of the central atom.

19.

1. F2O Cl2O Br2O

2. F2O Br2O Cl2O

3. Br2O Cl2O F2O

4. Cl2O F2O Br2O

The oxidation number of oxygen in K 2O, K 2O2 and KO2 respectively are
1. -2, -1, -1/2

20.

2. -1/2, -1, -2

4. -2, -1/2, -1

2. H 2O2 O3 O2

3. O3 O2 H 2O2

4. O3 H 2O2 O2

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O3 C2 N 2 is used as a rocket fuel. The bonds in C2 N2 are

2. 3 , 3

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1. 3 , 4

3. 4 , 2

4. 2 , 2

The oxidation states of the most electronegative element in the product of the

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22.

3. -1, -2, -1/2

The order of O O bond length in O3 , O2 and H 2O2 is


1. H 2O2 O2 O3

21.

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The correct order of the X-O-X bond angles are

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18.

reaction of BaO2 with dil. H 2 SO4 are


2. -1 and -2

3. -2 and 0

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1. 0 and 1

23.

4. -2 and +1

Identify the incorrect statement with respect to ozone.


1. Ozone is formed in the upper atmosphere by a photochemical reaction involving
dioxygen.
2. Ozone is more reactive than dioxygen.
3. Ozone is diamagnetic whereas dioxygen is paramagnetic.

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4. Ozone protects the earths inhabitant by absorbing gamma-radiations.

1. It has a small size.

2. There are no vacant d-orbitals available.

2. It has high ionization energy.

3. It has large size.

The structure of ozone can best be represented by

1. : O = O O : 2.
26.

4. : O = O O :

3.

When Ozone reacts with which one of the following there is decrease in
volume

2. K 4 Fe CN 6

1. PbS

3. Ag

4. HCl

The wrong statement among the following is

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Oxygen does not from OF6 because

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24.

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1. A mixture of cyanogens and ozone is used as a rocket fuel


2. Ozone leaves tails with mercury due to the formation of Mercuric oxide on the

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surface.

3. Excess of sodium thiosulfate reacts with Auric chloride from Na3 Au S2O3 2

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4. Concentrated solution of sodium thiosulfate solution due to the formation of


sodium Argento thiosulphate.

28.

Oleum is
1. H 2 SO4 SO3

29.

2. H 2 SO4 SO2

3. H 2 SO4 H 2O2

Solution of SO2 in water is known as

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4. H 2 SO4 H 2 S2

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2. Sulphurous acid

3. Hydrosulphuric acid

4. Thiosulphurous acid

O22 is the symbol ofion

31.

2. Super oxide

2. S HCl Na2 SO4 3. S HCl Na2 SO3 4. S NaClO3 H 2O

Which of the following ions does not have S-S linkage?


1. S 2O82

33.

4. Mono oxide

The products of the chemical reaction between Na2 S2O3 , Cl2 and H 2O are
1. S HCl Na2 S

32.

3. Peroxide

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1. Oxide

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30.

1. Sulphuric acid

2. S 2O62

3. S 2O52

4. S 2O32

The reason why conc. H 2 SO4 is used largely to prepare other acids, that conc.
H 2 SO4

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1. Is highly ionized

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2. Is dehydrating agent

.s
a

2. Has a high specific gravity and density


4. Has a high boiling point

Pick out the ideal condition for H 2 SO4 manufactured by contact process

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34.

1. Low temperature, high pressure and high concentration of reactions


2. Low temperature, low concentration of reactants and low pressure
3. High temperature, high pressure and high concentration of reactants
4. Low temperature, low pressure and high concentration of reactants

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35.

With a dilute solution of hypo, silver nitrate gives a white precipitate which
immediately turns black. The white precipitate and black precipitates are
respectively
2. Ag 2 S 2O3 and Ag 2 S

3. Ag 2 S 2O3 and Ag 2O

4. Ag 2 S 2O3 and Na3 Ag S2O3 2

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36.

1. Ag 2 S 2O3 and Ag

Sometimes a yellow turbidity appears while passing H 2 S gas even in the

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absence of of II group radicals. This is because.


1. Sulphur is present in the mixture as impurity

2. IV group radicals are precipitated as sulphides

3. Of the oxidation of H 2 S gas by some acid radicals


4. III group radicals are precipitated as hydroxides

The number of S-S bonds in sulphur trioxide trimer S3O8 is

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37.

3. 1

4. 0

Compounds A and B are treated with dil. HCl separately. The gases liberated

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38.

2. 2

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1. 3

are Y and Z respectively. Y turns acidified dichromate paper green while Z

turns lead acetate paper black.

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The compounds A and B are are respectively


1. Na2 SO3 and Na2 S

2. NaCl and Na2CO3

3. Na2 S and Na2 SO3

4. Na2 SO3 and Na2 SO4

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39.

A chalcogen combines directly with hydrogen with great difficulty to from a


hydride. This chalcogen also burn in air to from a solid polymeric dioxide and
has got the highest electrical resistance amongst metals. The chalcogen is
3. Te

4. Se

List-I

List-II

A)

O3 H 2O2

1) Blue

B)

O3 starch KI H3PO3

2) Tailing

C)

O3 Hg

3) HlO3

D)

O3 I 2 H 2O H4P2O6

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40.

2. S

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1. O

4) O2 H 2O
5) Hl

1.

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2.

3.

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4.

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ks

The correct match is

41.

SO3 is not directly absorbed in water because

1. It is insoluble in water

2. It is insoluble in water but soluble in H 2 SO4

3. It is reduced back to SO2

4. It forms stable mist with water

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42.

A pale yellow substance (A) when heated with conc- HSO3 liberates a brown
coloured gas (B). The substance (A) also dissolves in sodium sulphite solution
on heating, a clear solution (C) is formed which on acidification gives a turbid
solution and a pungent smelling gas in obtained.

are respectively
C

1.

NO2

2.

Br2

3.

NO

4.

NO2 2

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Na2 S 2O3

SO2

Na2 SO3

SO2

Na2 S 2O3

SO2

Na2 S 2O3

SO3

a) SCl4 4 H 2O X HCl

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43.

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(A) When heated in air gives (D) Solution (C) decolorizes I2. Then A, B, C, D

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b) X Y H 2O , here anhydride Y is
2. SO2

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1. S 2O
List-I

44.

O3

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A)

3. SO3

List-II

1) Turns benzidine paper to brown

B)

Hypo

2) Turns anhydrous CuSO4 to blue

C)

H 2O

3) Violet colour with FeC / 3

D)

H2S

4) Orange yellow colour with chromic salts


5) Rotten egg smell

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4. H 2 SO3

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1.

2.

3.

4.

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The correct match is

VI A Group Elements
Sub Topic-I (Key)

2) 3

3) 1

11) 1

12) 2

13) 3

21) 1

22) 2

23) 4

31) 3

32) 1

33) 4

41) 4

42) 1

4) 2

5) 2

6) 4

7) 4

8) 2

9) 2

10) 2

14) 4

15) 3

16) 2

17) 3

18) 2

19) 1

20) 2

24) 2

25) 3

26) 4

27) 2

28) 1

29) 2

30) 3

36) 3

37) 4

38) 1

39) 3

40) 2

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1) 3

35) 2

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34) 1
44) 2

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43) 2

4.

VI A Group Elements Sub Topic-I (Solutions)

Sulpher is octationic

7.

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Cl
Cl
Te
Cl

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Cl

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12.
O
6 p p
S
p d
6

O p d O
6

Cl

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Cl

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14.

Cl

Cl

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Sp 3d , Trigonal bipyramidal.

21.
22.

N C C N

3 , 4

BaO2 + H2SO4 BaSO4 + H2O2


H 2O2 , Oxidation state of oxygen is 1

In BaSO4 , Oxidationstate of oxygen is 2

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28.

H 2 SO4 SO3 is oleum.

31.

Na2 S2O3 Cl2 H 2O S 2 HCl Na2 SO4

38.

Na2 SO3 2 HCl 2 NaCl H 2 SO3 Y


Na2 S 2HCl 2 NaH H 2 S Z
H 2 SO3 Turns acidified dictromate paper green

43.

SCl4 4 H 2 O

4 HCl

H 2 SO3
H 2O
Y

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S OH 4

S OH 4

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H 2 S Turns lead acetate to black

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Sub Topic-II

1.

Cyclic trimer structure of SO3 contains

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1. 6 S = O bonds and three S O S bonds


2. 3 S = O bonds and three S O S

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3. 6S = O bonds and six S O S bonds


4. None of these
2.

1. H 2O H 2 S H 2 Se H 2Te

2. H 2O H 2Te H 2 Se H 2 S

3. H 2Te H 2 Se H 2 S H 2O

4. H 2 S H 2O H 2Te H 2 Se

The statements regarding hydrides of VIA group elements are

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3.

The boiling points of H 2O2 , H 2 S , H 2 Se and H 2Te are in the following order

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i) The order of volatility ii) The order of B.P. iii) The order of bond angles
H 2O H 2Te H 2 Se H 2 S

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H 2O H 2Te H 2 Se H 2 S

H 2O H 2 S H 2 Se H 2Te

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The correct combination is


1. All are correct

4.

2. Only ii is correct 3. ii & iii are correct 4. i & iii are correct

List-I

List-II

A)

SO3

1) 119.50 ,Angular

B)

SO2

2) 1090.28' , Tetrahedron

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C)

H 2O

3) 1200 , Trigonal planar

D)

O3

4) 1040 .30I Angular

The correct match is


B

1.

2.

3.

4.

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5) 116.50 Angular

Which of the following equations represents the oxidizing action of sulphur

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dioxide.

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1. 2 Fe3 SO2 H 2O 2 Fe2 SO22 4 H

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2. 3Fe SO2 2 FeO FeS

3. 2MnO4 2 H 2O 5SO2 2 Mn 2 4 H 5SO42

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4. Cr2O72 2 H 3SO2 2Cr 3 3SO42 H 2O

6.

Which of the following statement is true?


1. Both rhombic and monoclinic sulphur are soluble in water.
2. Both rhombic and monoclinic sulphur are soluble in carbon disulphide.
3. Both rhombic and monoclinic sulphur are insoluble in carbon disulphide.

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4. Rhombic sulphur can be converted in to monoclinic sulphur but the reverse is
not
7.

possible.

By passing SO2 in solution of K 2Cr2O7 , it turns green due to the formation of:?

8.

2. Chromic acid

3. Chromium sulphate

4. None

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1. K 2Cr2O4

A substance on treatment with dilute H 2 SO4 liberates a colourless gas which


produces (i) turbidity with baryta water and (ii) turns acidified dichromate

2. S 2

1. CO32
9.

3. SO32

4. NO2

The Springs reaction for the preparation of sodium thiosulphate involve the
following reactants
1. Na2 SO3 S

2. Na2 S Na2 SO3 I 2


4. 4S 6 NaOH

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3. 2 Na2 S Na2CO3 4SO2

A and B are two salts, A reacts both with dil H 2 SO4 and conc. H 2 SO4 to give

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10.

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solution green. These reactions indicated the presence of

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reddish brown vapours. However B reacts only with conc. H 2 SO4 to give
similar vapours. Hence A and B are respectively?

1. H 2O and Hbr

12.

3. NaNO2, NaBr

4. NaBr, NaNO2

Bromine water reacts with SO2 to form?

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11.

2. NaNO3, NaBr

1. NaBr,NaNO3

2. H 2 SO4 HBr

3. HBr and S

4. S and H 2O

Colloidal sulphur is obtained when


1. Sulphur is treated with H 2 SO4

2. Sulphur is strongly heated

3. Sulphur is strongly heated

4. H 2 S gas is passed through dil. HNO3

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13.

Conc. H 2 SO4 displaces hydrogen chloride from chlorides because


1. It is strong than hydrochloric acid.

3. Sulphates are more soluble than chlorides.

14.

The oxyacid of phosphorus in which phosphorus has the lowest oxidation


state is
1) Hypophosphorus Acid
3) Pyrophosphoric Acid

15.

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4. Sulphates are less soluble than chlorides.

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2. HCl is a gas while H 2 SO4 is a liquid.

2) Orthophosphoric Acid
4) Metaphosphoric Acid

White phosphorus on reaction with line water gives calcium salt of a acid (A)

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along with a gas (A) along with a gas (X). Which of the following statement is

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correct with respect to above?

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1) (A) on heating gives (X) and O2.


2) The bond angle in (X) is less than that in case of ammonia.

3) (A) is a dibasic acid.

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4) (X) is more basic than ammonia.

16.

The number of lone pairs and the number of S S bonds in S8 molecules are
respectively
1) 8, 8

17.

2) 16, 8

3) 8, 16

An oxide of a non-metal has the following properties

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4) 8, 4

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(i) It acts both a proton donor as well as proton acceptor
(ii) It reacts readily with basic and acidic oxides
(iii) It oxidises Fe at its boiling point.

18.

2) SiO2

3) H 2O

Which of the following solutions does not change its colour on passing ozone

a) Starch iodide solution

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through it?

b) Alcoholic solution of benzidine

c) Acidic solution of K 2Cr2O7


19.

2. H 2 S1 , H 2 S3

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3. H 2 S2O3

4. H 2O S

.s
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The number of S S bonds in sulphur trioxide


2. Two

3. One

4. Zero

Oleum is

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1. Fuming H 2 SO4

23.

4. CS2 , NH 2CSNH 2

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2. H 2 SO4

1. Three
22.

3. H 2 SO4

SO2 H 2 S product the final product is

1. H 2 SO3
21.

d) Acidified solution of FeSO4

Yellow oils of sulphur is/are


1. H 2 S

20.

4) CO2

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1) P2O5

2. Oil of vitriol

3. Castor oil

4. Caros acid

Ozone depleted due to formation of


1. Acrolein

2. Chlorine Nitrate 3. PAN

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4. SO2 & SO3

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S S bond is present in
1. (a) SO3 n

2. CaC2 CaCN 2

3. CaC2 Ca3 P2

4. Ca3 P2 CaCN 2

NH 4 2 Cr2O7 On heating liberates a gas. The same will be obtained by


1. Heating NH 4 NO3

2. Heating NH 4 NO2

3. Treating N2O2 with NaNO2


27.

4. H 2 S2O8

Holmes signals can be given by using


1. CaC2 CaCO3

26.

3. H 2 S2O3

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m

25.

2. S3O9

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24.

4. Treating Mg3 N2 with H 2O

A Student accidently splashes few drops of conc H 2 SO4 on his cotton shirt,
after a while, the splashed parts blacken and holes appear. This is happened
because sulphuric acid

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1. Dehydrates the cotton with burning

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2. Causes the cotton react with burning

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a

3. Heats up the cotton react with air


4. Removes the elements of water from cotton
When molten sulphur is suddenly cooled by pouring into water, it takes the

28.

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form of

1. Milk of sulphur

29.

2. Colloidal sulphur 3. Flower of sulphur 4. Plastic sulphur

Assertion: Ozone is a powerful oxidizing agent in comparison to O2 .


Reason: Ozone is diamagnetic but O2 is paramagnetic.

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1. If both assertion and reason are correct, and reason is the correct explanation of
the assertion.
2. If both assertion and reason are correct, but reason is not the correct explanation

3. If assertion is correct but reason is incorrect.


4. If assertion is incorrect but reason is correct.

Assertion: Oxygen is more electronegative than sulphur, yet H 2 S is acidic,


while H 2O is neutral.

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30.

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of the assertion.

Reason: H S bond is weaker than O H bond.

1. If both assertion and reason are correct, and reason is the correct explanation of
the assertion.

of the assertion.

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2. If both assertion and reason are correct, but reason is not the correct explanation

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3. If assertion is correct but reason is incorrect.

BaO2 and ozone reacts to produce

31.

.s
a

4. If assertion is incorrect but reason is correct.

2. Ba2O3

3. BaO

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1. Ba

32.

The incorrect statement among the following is


1. C60 is an allotropic form of carbon.
2. O3 is an allotropic form of oxygen.
3. S8 is only allotropic from of Sulphur.

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4. Ba OH 3

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4. Red phosphorus is more stable in air than white phosphorus.
33.

Assertion: Molecular nitrogen is less reactive than molecular oxygen.


Reason: The bond length of N 2 is shorter than that of oxygen.

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1. Both Assertion and Reason are true and Reason is the correct explanation of
Assertion.

2. Both Assertion and Reason are true but Reason is not the correct explanation of

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Assertion.

3. Assertion is true but Reason is false.

4. Both Assertion and Reason are false.

1. H 2O H 2 S H 2 Se H 2Te

2. H 2O H 2 S H 2 Se H 2Te

3. H 2 S H 2O H 2 Se H 2Te

4. H 2 Se H 2 S H 2O H 2Te

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35.

The acidity of hydrides os O, S, Se, Te varies in the order

Catalyst used in making H 2 SO4 in contact process in

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1. H 2 S2O4

37.

3. Cr2O3

4. CrO3

The molecular formula of dithionic acid is

36.

2. Fe2O3

.s
a

1. V2O5

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34.

2. H 2 S2O6

3. H 2 S2O5

4. H 2 S2O7

Assertion: Reaction of SO2 and H 2 S in the presence of Fe2O3 catalyst gives


elemental Sulphur.
Reason: SO2 is reducing agent.

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1. Both Assertion and Reason are true and Reason is the correct explanation of
Assertion.
2. Both Assertion and Reason are true but Reason is not the correct explanation of
Assertion.

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3. Assertion is true but Reason is false.


4. Both Assertion and Reason are false.
Fuming Sulphuric acid is
1. NH 4 NO3
39.

2. NH 4Cl

H 2 S2O8 is

1. Pyrosulphuric Acid
3. Oleum

3. NH 4 2 SO4

4. NH 4OH

2. Marshalls acid
4. All of these

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Which of the following pairs are correctly matched?


Haber process

Leblanc process

Manufacture of sulphuric acid

Birkeland-Eyde process

Manufacture of nitric acid

ks

.s
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40.

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38.

Solvay process

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Manufacture of ammonia

Manufacture of sodium carbonate

Select the correct answer using the codes given below.


1. 2 and 3 and 4

41.

2. 1, 2, 3 and 4

3. 1 and 2

4. 1, 3 and 4

Consider the following compounds


1) Sulphur dioxide

2) Hydrogen peroxide

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3) Ozone

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Among these compounds indentify those that can act as bleaching agent
1. 1 and 3
42.

2. 2 and 3

4. 1, 2 and 3

The most efficient agent for the absorption of SO3 is


2. 98%H 2 SO4

3. 50%H 2 SO4

4. 20%H 2 S 2O7

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1. 80%H 2 SO4
43.

3. 1 and 2

Sulphur reacts with chlorine in 1:2 ratio and forms X. Hydrolysis of X gives a

anion of Y?
1. sp 3
44.

2. sp

2. Dark blue

4. sp 3d

3. Pale yellow

4. Pale blue

In the preparation of sulphuric acid, V2O5 is used in the reaction which is

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1. S O2 SO2

2. SO2 H 2O H 2 SO4
4. None of the above

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3. 2SO2 O2 2SO3
46.

3. sp 2

The colour of liquid O2 is


1. Red

45.

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sulphur compound Y. What is the hydridistation state of central atom in the

Which of the following is not correct?


Silent electric

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2O3 ; H 284.5kJ
1) 3O2

Disch arg e

2) Ozone undergoes addition reaction with saturated carbon compounds


3) Sodium thiosulphate reacts with I 2 to form sodium tetrathionate and sodium
iodide.
4) Ozone oxidises lead sulphide to lead sulphate.

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VI A Group Elements

2) 2

3) 1

11) 2

12) 4

13) 2

21) 4

22) 1

23) 2

31) 3

32) 3

33) 2

41) 4

42) 2

43) 1

4) 3

5) 2

6) 2

7) 3

8) 3

9) 2

10) 3

14) 1

15) 2

16) 2

17) 3

18) 3

19) 2

20) 4

24) 3

25) 4

26) 2

27) 4

28) 4

29) 2

30) 1

34) 2

35) 1

36) 2

37) 3

38) 1

39) 2

40) 4

44) 4

45) 3

46) 1

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1) 1

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Sub Topic-II (Key)

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VI A Group Elements Sub Topic-II (Solutions)


1.

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S
O

O
2

5.

2 Fe SO 2 2 FeO Fe S

9.

Na2 S Na2 SO3 I 2 Na2 S 2O3 2 NaI

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S

S
S

S
S

18.

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16.
Ozone does not react with acidified solution of K 2Cr2O7 Thus, does not change it

20.

SO2 2 H 2 S 2 H 2O 3S

24.
HO

OH

26.

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colour.

N 2 Cr2O3 4 H 2O
NH 4 2 Cr2O7

Conc H 2 SO4 has dehydration properties, when cellulose comes in contact with

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27.

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N 2 4H 2O
NH 4 2 NO2

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conc H 2 SO4 , it removes water from Cohon leaving only black carbon.

BaO2 O3 BaO 2O2

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31.

ConH 2 SO4
C6 H12O6
6C 6H 2O

32.

There are five allotropic from of sulphur.


1) Rhombic, octahedral or sulphur.
3) Plastic or sulphur

33.

2) Monoclinic, prismatic or sulphur

4) Milk of sulphur 5) Colloidal or sulphur.

Molecular nitrogen is less reactive than that of oxygen because nitrogen has high
dissociation energy in comparison to oxygen so, its reactivity is less. Also bond

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length of nitrogen is shorter oxygen because of presence of triple bond between
nitrogen atoms. So, both are true but not correct explanation.
34.

The acidic nature increases from H 2O to H 2Te. The increase in acidic character of
hydrides on moving down the group may be explained in terms of bond length of
H M bond, larger is bond-length, lesser is bond energy and thus easier is

H 2O H 2 S H 2 Se H 2Te

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ionization of H M bond or easier is proton donor nature. Hence,

Even at 400-5000C, the rate of reaction is very low. Therefore, to increase the

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reaction velocity a suitable catalyst is used. Now a days most of the sulphuric
acid plants use V2O5 as a catalyst.
36.

Dithionous acid

H 2 S2O6

Dithionic acid

H 2 S2O5

Disulphurous acid

H 2 S2O7

Disulphuric acid

Fuming sulphuric acid is oleum H 2 S2O7 .

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38.

H 2 S2O4

H 2 SO4 SO3

H 2 S 2O7

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pyrosulphuric acid

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SO3 is absorbed in concentrated H 2 SO4 to give oleum


H 2 S2O8 is peroxodisulfuric acid. It is also called Marshalls acid.

40.

Leblanc process is used in the manufacture of sodium carbonate.


SO2 2 H 2O H 2 SO4 2 H

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41.

39.

H 2O2 H 2O O

O3 O2 O

The nascent [H] and [O] thus product, bleaches the coloured articles.

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42.

98% H 2 SO4 is used for absorbing dense form of acid which is formed by
dissolving SO3 in water. Hence, 98% H 2 SO4 is the most efficient reagent for
absorption of SO3 .

43.

When sulphur reacts with chlorine in 1: 2 ratio the SCl4 (sulphur tetra chloride) is

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obtained which on hydrolysis gives sulphurous acid H 2 SO3 . So, the compound X
is SCl4 and Y is H 2 SO3
S 2Cl2 SCl4

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SCl4 4 H 2O S OH 4 4 HCl
unstable

S OH 4 H 2 SO3 H 2O
sulphurous acid

The hybridistation of sulphur in SO32 is sp 3 .


44.

Oxygen changes into pale blue liquid when cooled up to 1830 C .Liquid oxygen is
used as oxidizer in rockets and the launching of satellites.

In contact process of manufacture of H 2 SO4 first of all SO2 is oxidised to SO3 by

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45.

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atmospheric oxygen in presence of V2O5 as a catalyst.


V2O5
2SO2 O2
2SO3

The formation of ozone form oxygen is an endothermic reaction, not exothermic

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46.

3O2

Silent electric
disch arg e

2O3 ;

H 284.5 kJ

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reaction.

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