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Shear and Moment Diagrams

By Shahrol Faizal - Chapter 4

Based on the beam shown in Figure 1,


i)
ii)
iii)
iv)

Determine the reaction forces at both support A and B


Sketch the shear force diagram
Sketch bending moment diagram
Determine maximum moment.
50kN

100kN

A
B
3m

C
4m

3m

Step:-

Figure 1

i) Determine reaction forces (kN)

ii)

Fa=+75 kN

In equilibrium state,
Fx=0

Fb=7550=25 kN

Therefore, VA=0

F c=25100=75 kN

F d=75+75=0

M A =0
50 (3 )+ 100 ( 6 )HB ( 10 )=0
10 HD=150+ 600

HD=75 kN

Fy=0
HA + HD50100=0

HA + HD=50+100
HA=150HD

Determine shear force (kN)

iii)

Determine bending moment (kNm)


Ma=0 kN
M b=75 ( 3 )=225 kN
M c=75 (6 )50(3)=3 00 kN
M d=75 (10 )50 ( 7 )100 ( 4 ) =0 kN

HA=15075

iv)

75 kN

Maximum Moment (kNm)


300 kNm

50kN

100kN

H
B

HA
3m

3m

4m

75 kN
25 kN
0

300 kNm

-75 kN

225 kNm

0 kNm

0 kNm

Free Body Diagram, Shear Diagram & Moment Diagram