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Kinesiology
Flashcards
THIRD EDITION

Lynn S. Lippert, PT, MS


Program Director, Retired
Physical Therapist Assistant Program
Mt. Hood Community College
Gresham, Oregon

Mary Alice Duesterhaus Minor,


PT, MS
Clinical Assistant Professor
Clarkson University
Potsdam, New York

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F. A. Davis Company
1915 Arch Street
Philadelphia, PA 19103
www.fadavis.com
Copyright 2011 by F. A. Davis Company
Copyright 2011 by F. A. Davis Company. All rights reserved. This product is protected
by copyright. No part of it may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or
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Printed in the United States of America
Last digit indicates print number: 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1

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Manager of Content Development: George W. Lang
Developmental Editor: Stephanie A. Casey
Art and Design Manager: Carolyn OBrien
As new scientific information becomes available through basic and clinical research, recommended treatments and drug therapies undergo changes. The author(s) and publisher
have done everything possible to make this book accurate, up to date, and in accord with
accepted standards at the time of publication. The author(s), editors, and publisher are not
responsible for errors or omissions or for consequences from application of the book, and
make no warranty, expressed or implied, in regard to the contents of the book. Any practice described in this book should be applied by the reader in accordance with professional
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contents
1. Upper trapezius
2. Middle trapezius
3. Lower trapezius
4. Levator scapula
5. Rhomboids
6. Serratus anterior
7. Pectoralis minor
8. Anterior deltoid
9. Middle deltoid
10. Posterior deltoid
11. Pectoralis major
12. Latissimus dorsi
13. Teres major
14. Supraspinatus
15. Infraspinatus
16. Teres minor
17. Subscapularis
18. Coracobrachialis
19. Brachialis
20. Brachioradialis
21. Biceps brachii
22. Supinator
23. Triceps
24. Anconeus
25. Pronator teres
26. Pronator
quadratus

27. Flexor carpi ulnaris


28. Flexor carpi radialis
29. Palmaris longus
30. Extensor carpi
radialis longus
31. Extensor carpi
radialis brevis
32. Extensor carpi
ulnaris
33. Flexor digitorum
superficialis
34. Flexor digitorum
profundus
35. Flexor pollicis
longus
36. Abductor pollicis
longus
37. Extensor pollicis
brevis
38. Extensor pollicis
longus
39. Extensor digitorum
40. Extensor indicis
41. Extensor digiti
minimi
42. Flexor pollicis
brevis

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43. Abductor pollicis


brevis
44. Opponens pollicis
45. Adductor pollicis
46. Dorsal interossei
47. Palmar interossei
48. Lumbricales
49. Flexor digiti minimi
50. Abductor digiti
minimi
51. Opponens digiti
minimi
52. Temporalis
53. Masseter
54. Medial pterygoid
55. Lateral pterygoid
56. Sternocleidomastoid
57. Scalenes
58. Prevertebral
muscles
59. Suboccipital
muscles
60. Splenius capitis
61. Splenius cervicis
62. Rectus abdominis

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63. External oblique


64. Internal oblique
65. Transverse
abdominis
66. Erector spinae
67. Transversospinalis
68. Interspinales
69. Intertransversarii
70. Quadratus
lumborum
71. Diaphragm
72. External intercostal
73. Internal intercostal
74. Iliopsoas
75. Rectus femoris
76. Sartorius
77. Pectineus
78. Adductor longus
79. Adductor brevis
80. Adductor magnus
81. Gracilis
82. Gluteus maximus
83. Deep rotators
84. Semimembranosus
85. Semitendinosus
86. Biceps femoris

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contents (continued)
87. Gluteus medius
88. Gluteus minimus
89. Tensor fascia lata
90. Vastus lateralis
91. Vastus medialis
92. Vastus
intermedialis
93. Popliteus
94. Gastrocnemius
95. Soleus
96. Plantaris
97. Tibialis posterior

98. Flexor hallucis


longus
99. Flexor digitorum
longus
100. Tibialis anterior
101. Extensor hallucis
longus
102. Extensor
digitorum longus
103. Peroneus longus
104. Peroneus brevis
105. Peroneus tertius

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triceps

O
(deep)

Page 1

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Long head: Infraglenoid


tubercle of scapula
Lateral head: Inferior to greater
tubercle on posterior humerus
Medial head: Posterior surface
of humerus

Olecranon process of ulna

Elbow extension

Radial nerve

22 triceps
Lippert & Minor: Kinesiology Flashcards, Third Edition, 2011 F. A. Davis
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upper trapezius

O
I

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Upper Trapezius
O

Occipital bone, nuchal


ligament on upper cervical
spinous processes

Outer third of clavicle,


acromion process

Scapular elevation and upward


rotation

Spinal accessory (cranial


nerve XI)

1 upper trapezius
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middle trapezius

O
I

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Middle Trapezius
O

Spinous processes of C7
through T3

Scapular spine

Scapular retraction

Spinal accessory (cranial


nerve XI)

2 middle trapezius
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lower trapezius

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Lower Trapezius
O

Spinous processes of middle


and lower thoracic vertebrae

Base of the scapular spine

Scapular depression and


upward rotation

Spinal accessory (cranial


nerve XI)

3 lower trapezius
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levator scapula

O
I

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Levator Scapula
O

Transverse processes of first


four cervical vertebrae

Vertebral border of scapula


between the superior angle
and spine

Scapular elevation and


downward rotation

Third and fourth cervical nerves


and dorsal scapular nerve

4 levator scapula
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rhomboids

I
O

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Rhomboids
O

Spinous processes of C7
through T5

Vertebral border of scapula


between the spine and inferior
angle

Scapular retraction, elevation,


and downward rotation

Dorsal scapular nerve

5 rhomboids
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serratus anterior

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Serratus Anterior
O

Lateral surface of the upper


eight ribs

Vertebral border of the scapula,


anterior surface

Scapular protraction and


upward rotation

Long thoracic nerve

6 serratus anterior
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pectoralis minor

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Pectoralis Minor
O

Anterior surface, third through


fifth ribs

Coracoid process of the


scapula

Scapular depression,
protraction, downward
rotation, and tilt

Medial pectoral nerve

7 pectoralis minor
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anterior deltoid

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Anterior Deltoid
O

Lateral third of the clavicle

Deltoid tuberosity

Shoulder abduction, flexion,


medial rotation, horizontal
adduction

Axillary nerve

8 anterior deltoid
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middle deltoid
O

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Middle Deltoid
O

Acromion process

Deltoid tuberosity

Shoulder abduction

Axillary nerve

9 middle deltoid
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posterior deltoid

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Posterior Deltoid
O

Spine of scapula

Deltoid tuberosity

Shoulder abduction, extension,


hyperextension, lateral
rotation, horizontal abduction

Axillary nerve

10 posterior deltoid
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pectoralis major

O
I

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Pectoralis Major
O

Medial third of clavicle,


sternum, costal cartilage
of first six ribs

Lateral lip of bicipital groove


of humerus

Both: Shoulder adduction,


medial rotation, horizontal
adduction
Clavicular portion: Shoulder
flexion to approximately first
60 degrees
Sternal portion: Shoulder
extension to approximately first
60 degrees (180120)

Lateral and medial pectoral


nerve

11 pectoralis major
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latissimus dorsi

O
O

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Latissimus Dorsi
O

Spinous processes of T 7
through L5 (via dorsolumbar
fascia), posterior surface of
sacrum, iliac crest, and lower
three ribs

Medial floor of bicipital groove


of humerus

Shoulder extension, adduction,


medial rotation, hyperextension

Thoracodorsal nerve

12 latissimus dorsi
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teres major

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Teres Major
O

Axillary border of scapula near


the inferior angle

Crest below lesser tubercle


inferior to the latissimus
dorsi muscle attachment

Shoulder extension, adduction,


medial rotation

Lower subscapular nerve

13 teres major
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supraspinatus

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Supraspinatus
O

Supraspinous fossa of the


scapula

Greater tubercle of the


humerus

Shoulder abduction

Suprascapular nerve

14 supraspinatus
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infraspinatus

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Infraspinatus
O

Infraspinous fossa of scapula

Greater tubercle of humerus

Shoulder lateral rotation,


horizontal abduction

Suprascapular nerve

15 infraspinatus
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teres minor

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Teres Minor
O

Axillary border of scapula

Greater tubercle of humerus

Shoulder lateral rotation,


horizontal abduction

Axillary nerve

16 teres minor
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subscapularis

O
I

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Subscapularis
O

Subscapular fossa of the


scapula

Lesser tubercle of the humerus

Shoulder medial rotation

Upper and lower subscapular


nerve

17 subscapularis
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coracobrachialis

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Coracobrachialis
O

Coracoid process of the


scapula

Medial surface of the humerus


near the midpoint

Stabilizes the shoulder joint

Musculocutaneous nerve

18 coracobrachialis
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brachialis

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Brachialis
O

Distal half of humerus, anterior


surface

Coronoid process and ulnar


tuberosity of the ulna

Elbow flexion

Musculocutaneous nerve

19 brachialis
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brachioradialis

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Brachioradialis
O

Lateral supracondylar ridge on


the humerus

Styloid process of the radius

Elbow flexion

Radial nerve

20 brachioradialis
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biceps brachii
O
O

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Biceps Brachii
O

Long head: supraglenoid


tubercle of scapula
Short head: coracoid process
of scapula

Radial tuberosity of radius

Elbow flexion, forearm


supination

Musculocutaneous nerve

21 biceps brachii
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supinator

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Supinator
O

Lateral epicondyle of humerus


and adjacent ulna

Anterior surface of the


proximal radius

Forearm supination

Radial nerve

22

supinator

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triceps

O
(deep)

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Triceps
O

Long head: Infraglenoid


tubercle of scapula
Lateral head: Inferior to greater
tubercle on posterior humerus
Medial head: Posterior surface
of humerus

Olecranon process of ulna

Elbow extension

Radial nerve

23 triceps
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anconeus

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Anconeus
O

Lateral epicondyle of humerus

Lateral and inferior to


olecranon process of ulna

Not a prime mover in any joint


action; assists in elbow
extension

Radial nerve (C7, C8)

24 anconeus
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pronator teres

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Pronator teres
O

Medial epicondyle of humerus


and coronoid process of ulna

Lateral aspect of radius at its


midpoint

Forearm pronation, assistive in


elbow flexion

Median nerve

25 pronator teres
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pronator quadratus

I
O

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Pronator Quadratus
O

Distal one-fourth of ulna

Distal one-fourth of radius

Forearm pronation

Median nerve

26 pronator quadratus
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flexor carpi ulnaris

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Flexor Carpi Ulnaris


O

Medial epicondyle of humerus

Pisiform, and base of fifth


metacarpal

Wrist flexion, ulnar deviation

Ulnar nerve

27 flexor carpi ulnaris


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flexor carpi radialis

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Flexor Carpi Radialis


O

Medial epicondyle of the


humerus

Base of second and third


metacarpals

Wrist flexion, radial deviation

Median nerve

28 flexor carpi radialis


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palmaris longus

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Palmaris Longus
O

Medial epicondyle of humerus

Palmar fascia

Assistive in wrist flexion

Median nerve

29 palmaris longus
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extensor carpi radialis longus


O

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Extensor Carpi Radialis Longus


O

Supracondylar ridge of
humerus

Base of second metacarpal

Wrist extension, radial


deviation

Radial nerve

30 extensor carpi radialis longus


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extensor carpi radialis brevis

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Extensor Carpi Radialis Brevis


O

Lateral epicondyle of humerus

Base of third metacarpal

Wrist extension

Radial nerve

31 extensor carpi radialis brevis


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extensor carpi ulnaris

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Extensor Carpi Ulnaris


O

Lateral epicondyle of humerus

Base of fifth metacarpal

Wrist extension, ulnar deviation

Radial nerve

32 extensor carpi ulnaris


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flexor digitorum superficialis

O
O
O

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Flexor Digitorum Superficialis


O

Common flexor tendon on the


medial epicondyle of the
humerus, coronoid process,
and radius

Sides of the middle phalanx of


the four fingers

Finger flexion of MCP and PIP


joints

Median nerve

33 flexor digitorum superficialis


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flexor digitorum profundus

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Flexor Digitorum Profundus


O

Upper three-fourths of ulna

Distal phalanx of the four


fingers

Finger flexion of all three joints


(MCP, PIP, DIP)

Median and ulnar nerve

34 flexor digitorum profundus


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flexor pollicis longus

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Flexor Pollicis Longus


O

Radius, anterior surface

Distal phalanx of thumb

Thumb flexion of all joints


(CMC, MCP, IP)

Median nerve

35 flexor pollicis longus


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abductor pollicis longus

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Abductor Pollicis Longus


O

Posterior radius, interosseous


membrane, middle ulna

Base of the first metacarpal

Thumb abduction (CMC joint)

Radial nerve

36 abductor pollicis longus


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extensor pollicis brevis

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Extensor Pollicis Brevis


O

Posterior distal radius

Base of the proximal phalanx of


thumb

Thumb extension of CMC and


MCP joints

Radial nerve

37 extensor pollicis brevis


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extensor pollicis longus

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Extensor Pollicis Longus


O

Middle posterior ulna and


interosseous membrane

Base of distal phalanx of


thumb

Extension of thumb (CMC,


MCP, and IP joints)

Radial nerve

38 extensor pollicis longus


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extensor digitorum

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Extensor Digitorum
O

Lateral epicondyle of the


humerus

Base of distal phalanx of the


second through fifth fingers

Finger extension of all three


joints (MCP, PIP, DIP)

Radial nerve

39 extensor digitorum
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extensor indicis

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Extensor Indicis
O

Distal ulna

Base of distal phalanx of the


second finger

Extension of all three joints


of the second finger (MCP,
PIP, DIP)

Radial nerve

40 extensor indicis
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extensor digiti minimi

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Extensor Digiti Minimi


O

Lateral epicondyle of humerus

Base of distal phalanx of fifth


finger

Extension of all three joints of


fifth finger (MCP, PIP, DIP)

Radial nerve

41 extensor digiti minimi


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flexor pollicis brevis

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Flexor Pollicis Brevis


O

Trapezium and flexor


retinaculum

Proximal phalanx of the thumb

Thumb flexion (CMC and MCP


joints)

Median nerve

42 flexor pollicis brevis


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abductor pollicis brevis

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Abductor Pollicis Brevis


O

Scaphoid, trapezium, and


flexor retinaculum

Proximal phalanx of the thumb

Thumb abduction (CMC joint)

Median nerve

43 abductor pollicis brevis


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opponens pollicis

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Opponens Pollicis
O

Trapezium and flexor


retinaculum

First metacarpal

Thumb opposition (CMC joint)

Median nerve

44 opponens pollicis
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adductor pollicis

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Adductor Pollicis
O

Capitate, base of the second


metacarpal, palmar surface of
the third metacarpal

Base of proximal phalanx of


thumb

Thumb adduction (CMC joint)

Ulnar nerve

45 adductor pollicis
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dorsal interossei

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Dorsal Interossei
O

Adjacent metacarpals

Base of the proximal phalanx

Finger abduction (MCP joint)

Ulnar nerve

46 dorsal interossei
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palmar interossei

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Palmar Interossei
O

First, second, fourth, and fifth


metacarpals

Base of respective proximal


phalanx

Finger adduction (MCP joint)

Ulnar nerve

47 palmar interossei
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lumbricales

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Lumbricales
O

Tendon of the flexor digitorum


profundus muscle

Tendon of the extensor


digitorum muscle

Finger flexion of the MCP joint


while extending the PIP and
DIP joints

First and second lumbricales:


Medial nerve
Third and fourth lumbricales:
Ulnar nerve

48 lumbricales
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flexor digiti minimi

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Flexor Digiti Minimi


O

Hamate and flexor retinaculum

Base of proximal phalanx of the


fifth finger

Fifth finger flexion (CMC and


MCP joints)

Ulnar nerve

49 flexor digiti minimi


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abductor digiti minimi

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Abductor Digiti Minimi


O

Pisiform and tendon of flexor


carpi ulnaris

Proximal phalanx of fifth finger

Fifth finger abduction


(MCP joint)

Ulnar nerve

50 abductor digiti minimi


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opponens digiti minimi

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Opponens Digiti Minimi


O

Hamate and flexor retinaculum

Fifth metacarpal

Fifth finger opposition (CMC


joint)

Ulnar nerve

51 opponens digiti minimi


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temporalis

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Temporalis
O

Temporal fossa

Coronoid process and ramus


of mandible

Bilaterally: TMJ elevation,


retrusion (posterior fibers)
Unilaterally: Ipsilateral lateral
deviation of TMJ

Trigeminal nerve (cranial


nerve V)

52 temporalis
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masseter

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Masseter
O

Zygomatic arch of temporal


bone and zygomatic process
of maxilla

Angle of the ramus and


coronoid process of mandible

Bilaterally: TMJ elevation


Unilaterally: Ipsilateral lateral
deviation of TMJ

Trigeminal nerve (cranial


nerve V)

53 masseter
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medial pterygoid

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Medial Pterygoid
O

Lateral pterygoid plate of the


sphenoid bone and tuberosity
of the maxilla

Ramus and angle of the


mandible

Bilaterally: TMJ elevation,


protrusion
Unilaterally: Contralateral
lateral deviation of TMJ

Trigeminal nerve (cranial


nerve V)

54 medial pterygoid
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lateral pterygoid

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Lateral Pterygoid
O

Lateral pterygoid plate and


greater wing of the sphenoid

Mandibular condyle and


articular disk

Bilaterally: TMJ depression,


protrusion
Unilaterally: Contralateral
lateral deviation of TMJ

Trigeminal nerve (cranial


nerve V)

55 lateral pterygoid
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sternocleidomastoid

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Sternocleidomastoid
O

Sternum and clavicle

Mastoid process

Bilateral: Flexes neck,


hyperextends head
Unilateral: Laterally bends the
neck; rotates head to the
opposite side

Accessory nerve (cranial XI);


second and third cervical
nerves

56 sternocleidomastoid
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scalenes

I
I

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Scalenes
O

Transverse processes of the


cervical vertebrae

First and second rib

Bilateral: Assists in neck flexion


Unilateral: Neck lateral bending

Lower cervical nerves

57 scalenes
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prevertebral muscles

A
B
C
D

C1
C2
C3
C4
C5
C6
C7
T1
T2
T3

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Prevertebral Muscles
O

Collectively from bodies and


transverse processes of C2
through T2

Collectively to the occiput and


transverse processes and bodies
of C1 through C6

Flex head and neck, as in tuck


the chin; assists in lateral
bending of head on neck

Branches of C1 through C7
(varies with individual muscle)

A. Rectus capitis lateralis


B. Rectus capitis anterior
C. Longus capitis
D. Longus colli
58 prevertebral muscles
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suboccipital muscles

A
C

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Suboccipital Muscles
O

Collectively from the transverse


and spinous processes of C1
through C2

Collectively to the occiput and


transverse process of C1

Extension of head on neck and


assists with lateral bending and
rotation to the same side

Suboccipital nerve

A. Obliquus capitis superior


B. Obliquus capitis inferior
C. Rectus capitis posterior minor
posterior
D. Rectus capitis posterior major
59 suboccipital muscles
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splenius capitis

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Splenius Capitis
O

Lower half of nuchal ligament;


spinous processes of C7
through T3

Lateral occipital bone; mastoid


process

Bilateral: Head and neck


extension
Unilateral: Rotate and laterally
bend face to same side

Middle and lower cervical


nerves

60 splenius capitis
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splenius cervicis

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Splenius Cervicis
O

Spinous processes of T3
through T6

Transverse processes of C1
through C3

Bilateral: Neck extension


Unilateral: Neck rotation and
lateral bending to same side

Middle and lower cervical


nerves

61 splenius cervicis
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rectus abdominis

5
6

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Rectus Abdominis
O

Pubis

Xiphoid process and costal


cartilages of fifth, sixth, and
seventh ribs

Trunk flexion; compression of


abdomen

Seventh through 12th


intercostal nerves

62 rectus abdominis
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external oblique

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External Oblique
O

Lower eight ribs laterally

Iliac crest and linea alba

Bilateral: Trunk flexion;


compression of abdomen
Unilateral: Trunk lateral
bending; rotation to opposite
side

Eighth through 12th


intercostal, iliohypogastric,
and ilioinguinal nerves

63 external oblique
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internal oblique

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Internal Oblique
O

Inguinal ligament, iliac crest,


thoracolumbar fascia

Tenth, 11th, and 12th ribs;


abdominal aponeurosis into
linea alba

Bilateral: Trunk flexion;


compression of abdomen
Unilateral: Trunk lateral
bending; rotation to same
side

Eighth through 12th


intercostal, iliohypogastric,
and ilioinguinal nerves

64 internal oblique
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transverse abdominis

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Transverse Abdominis
O

Inguinal ligament, iliac crest,


thoracolumbar fascia, and last
six ribs

Abdominal aponeurosis and


linea alba

Compression of abdomen

Seventh through 12th


intercostal, iliohypogastric,
and ilioinguinal nerves

65 transverse abdominis
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erector spinae

Iliocostalis
Spinalis

Longissimus

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Erector Spinae
O

Spinous processes, transverse


processes, and posterior ribs
from the occiput to the sacrum
and ilium

Spinous processes, transverse


processes, and posterior ribs
from the occiput to the sacrum
and ilium

Bilateral: Neck and trunk


extension
Unilateral: Neck and trunk
lateral bending

Spinal nerves

66 erector spinae
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transversospinalis

Semispinalis
spans 5+
vertebrae

Rotatores
spans 1
vertebra

Multifidus
spans 24
vertebrae

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Transversospinalis
O

Transverse processes

Spinous processes of vertebra


above

Bilateral: Neck and trunk


extension
Unilateral: Neck and trunk
rotation to opposite side

Spinal nerves

67 transversospinalis
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interspinales

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Interspinales
O

Spinous process below

Spinous process above

Neck and trunk extension

Spinal nerves

68 interspinales
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intertransversarii

I
O

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Intertransversarii
O

Transverse process below

Transverse process above

Neck and trunk lateral bending

Spinal nerves

69 intertransversarii
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quadratus lumborum

12
th
Rib

L1

L2

I
L3

L4

L5

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Quadratus Lumborum
O

Iliac crest

Twelfth rib, transverse processes


of all five lumbar vertebrae

Trunk lateral bending

Twelfth thoracic and first


lumbar nerves

70 quadratus lumborum
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diaphragm

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
0

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Diaphragm
O

Xiphoid process, ribs, lumbar


vertebrae

Central tendon

Inspiration

Phrenic nerve

71 diaphragm
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external intercostal

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External Intercostal
O

Rib above

Rib below

Elevate ribs in inspiration

Intercostal nerve (T2T6)

72 external intercostal
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internal intercostal

I
O

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Internal Intercostal
O

Rib below

Rib above

Depress ribs in expiration

Intercostal nerve (T2T6)

73 internal intercostal
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iliopsoas

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Iliopsoas
O

Iliac fossa, anterior and lateral


surfaces of T12 through L5

Lesser trochanter

Hip flexion

Iliacus portion: Femoral nerve


Psoas major portion: L2 and L3

74 iliopsoas
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rectus femoris

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Rectus Femoris
O

Anterior inferior iliac spine

Tibial tuberosity via patellar


tendon

Hip flexion, knee extension

Femoral nerve

75 rectus femoris
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sartorius

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Sartorius
O

Anterior superior iliac spine

Proximal medial aspect of tibia

Combination of hip flexion,


abduction, lateral rotation,
and knee flexion

Femoral nerve

76 sartorius
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pectineus

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Pectineus
O

Superior ramus of pubis

Pectineal line of femur

Hip flexion and adduction

Femoral nerve

77 pectineus
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adductor longus

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Adductor Longus
O

Pubis

Middle one-third of the linea


aspera

Hip adduction

Obturator nerve

78 adductor longus
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adductor brevis

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Adductor Brevis
O

Pubis

Pectineal line and proximal


linea aspera

Hip adduction

Obturator nerve

79 adductor brevis
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adductor magnus

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Adductor Magnus
O

Ischium and pubis

Entire linea aspera and


adductor tubercle

Hip adduction

Obturator and sciatic nerves

80 adductor magnus
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gracilis

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Gracilis
O

Pubis

Anterior medial surface of


proximal end of tibia

Hip adduction

Obturator nerve

81 gracilis
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gluteus maximus

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Gluteus Maximus
O

Posterior sacrum and ilium

Posterior femur distal to greater


trochanter and iliotibial band

Hip extension, hyperextension,


lateral rotation

Inferior gluteal nerve

82 gluteus maximus
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Anterior

Posterior

E
A

deep rotators

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Deep Rotators
O

Posterior sacrum, ischium,


pubis

Greater trochanter area

Hip lateral rotation

Obturator, S1, S2, nerves to


obturator internis and
quadratus femoris

A. Obturator externus
B. Obturator internus
C. Quadratus femoris
D. Piriformis
E. Gemellus superior
F. Gemellus inferior

83 deep rotators
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semimembranosus

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Semimembranosus
O

Ischial tuberosity

Posterior surface of medial


condyle of tibia

Hip extension and knee flexion

Sciatic nerve

84 semimembranosus
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semitendinosus

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Semitendinosus
O

Ischial tuberosity

Anteromedial surface of
proximal tibia

Hip extension and knee flexion

Sciatic nerve

85 semitendinosus
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biceps femoris

O
I

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Biceps Femoris
O

Long head: Ischial tuberosity


Short head: Lateral lip of linea
aspera

Fibular head

Long head: Hip extension and


knee flexion
Short head: knee flexion

Long head: Sciatic nerve


Short head: Common peroneal
nerve

86 biceps femoris
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gluteus medius

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Gluteus Medius
O

Outer surface of ilium

Lateral surface of greater


trochanter

Hip abduction

Superior gluteal nerve

87 gluteus medius
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gluteus minimus

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Gluteus Minimus
O

Lateral ilium

Anterior surface of the greater


trochanter

Hip abduction, medial rotation

Superior gluteal nerve

88 gluteus minimus
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tensor fascia lata

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Tensor Fascia Lata


O

Anterior superior iliac spine

Lateral condyle of tibia

Combined hip flexion and


abduction

Superior gluteal nerve

89 tensor fascia lata


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vastus lateralis

O
(posterior)

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Vastus Lateralis
O

Linea aspera

Tibial tuberosity via patellar


tendon

Knee extension

Femoral nerve

90 vastus lateralis
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vastus medialis

O
(posterior)

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Vastus Medialis
O

Linea aspera

Tibial tuberosity via patellar


tendon

Knee extension

Femoral nerve

91 vastus medialis
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vastus intermedialis

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Vastus Intermedialis
O

Anterior femur

Tibial tuberosity via patellar


tendon

Knee extension

Femoral nerve

92 vastus intermedialis
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popliteus

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Popliteus
O

Lateral condyle of femur

Posterior surface of medial


condyle of tibia

Initiates knee flexion

Tibial nerve

93 popliteus
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gastrocnemius
O
O

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Gastrocnemius
O

Medial and lateral condyles of


femur

Posterior calcaneus

Knee flexion, ankle plantar


flexion

Tibial nerve

94 gastrocnemius
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soleus

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Soleus
O

Posterior tibia and fibula

Posterior calcaneus

Ankle plantar flexion

Tibial nerve

95 soleus
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plantaris

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Plantaris
O

Posterior lateral condyle


of femur

Posterior calcaneus

Very weak assist in knee and


ankle plantar flexion

Tibial nerve

96 plantaris
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tibialis posterior

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Tibialis Posterior
O

Interosseous membrane,
adjacent tibia and fibula

Navicular and most tarsals and


metatarsals

Ankle inversion; assists in


plantar flexion

Tibial nerve

97 tibialis posterior
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flexor hallucis longus

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Flexor Hallucis Longus


O

Posterior fibula and interosseous


membrane

Distal phalanx of the great toe

Great toe flexion; assists in


inversion and plantar flexion of
the ankle

Tibial nerve

98 flexor hallucis longus


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flexor digitorum longus

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Flexor Digitorum Longus


O

Posterior tibia

Distal phalanx of four lesser


toes

Flexion of four lesser toes;


assists in ankle inversion and
plantar flexion of the ankle

Tibial nerve

99 flexor digitorum longus


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tibialis anterior

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Tibialis Anterior
O

Lateral tibia and interosseous


membrane

First cuneiform and


first metatarsal

Ankle inversion and


dorsiflexion

Deep peroneal nerve

100 tibialis anterior


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extensor hallucis longus

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Extensor Hallucis Longus


O

Fibula and interosseous


membrane

Distal phalanx of great toe

First toe extension; assists in


ankle inversion and dorsiflexion

Deep peroneal nerve

101 extensor hallucis longus


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extensor digitorum longus

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Extensor Digitorum Longus


O

Fibula, interosseous
membrane, tibia

Distal phalanx of four lesser


toes

Extension of four lesser toes;


assists in ankle dorsiflexion

Deep peroneal nerve

102 extensor digitorum longus


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peroneus longus

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Peroneus Longus
O

Lateral proximal fibula and


interosseous membrane

Plantar surface of first


cuneiform and metatarsal

Ankle eversion; assists in ankle


plantar flexion

Superficial peroneal nerve

103 peroneus longus


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peroneus brevis

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Peroneus Brevis
O

Lateral distal fibula

Base of fifth metatarsal

Ankle eversion; assists in


plantar flexion

Superficial peroneal nerve

104 peroneus brevis


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peroneus tertius

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Peroneus Tertius
O

Distal medial fibula

Base of fifth metatarsal

Assists somewhat in ankle


eversion and dorsiflexion

Deep peroneal nerve

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105 peroneus tertius
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