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# Ex. No.

## SOLID MODELLING IN PARAMARINE

Aim:
1. To create a solid object out of the closed hull surface formed using the
surface modelling procedure in EX_4.
2. To carry out Boolean operations on the solids created (e.g cutting out of
the bow thruster tunnel)
3. To subdivide the solid hull into different compartments.
Introduction:
The Solid Modeller enables the designer to create a solid model of a marine
vehicle. For this Paramarine uses the industry-standard Parasolid modelling
library. Parasolid provides a very robust and flexible solid modeller that allows
geometry to be created, manipulated and transferred to and from other
packages. 3D solid shapes can be formed by various operations using sheet, wire
and point objects or by trimming different bounds against each other. Boolean
operations such as unite and subtract are supported. 3D solid shapes can be
subdivided to model the internal subdivision of the vehicle. The subdivision is
performed in a hierarchical manner to maintain model consistency. As all of the
modelling is abstract, unconventional craft can easily be modelled. For surface
ships there is the ability to sew sheet patches together to form sheet or solid
body results. Complex hull forms, superstructure and subdivision can rapidly be
created for use in analysis. For submarines there is the additional ability to
construct pressure hull(s), external freeflood areas and appendages.
Procedure:
1. As a continuation of the previous exercise, insert a geometric place holder
named Hull_Solid.
2. Under this place holder, insert a patch_solid object and under the patches
folder of this object, copy and paste the port hull with port deck and
starboard hull with starboard deck surfaces. The result would now give a
solid formed by considering the hull and deck surfaces as boundaries a
shown in Figure 1.
3. To model the bow thrusters tunnel, insert another geometric place holder
named Bowthruster and insert two points point_port and point_starboard
with coordinates (93,10,5) and (93,-10,5).
4. Insert a solid_body object and under operations select the cylinder
option. Direct the point 1 and point 2 to the two defined points and enter
radius as 2m to produce a right circular cylinder whose end faces are
centered about the two points with a radius of 2m as show in Figure 2.
5. Copy and paste as copy-of the result of the patch_solid object and then
using subtract operation, select the tool as the bow thrusters tunnel to
subtract it from the hull solid to obtain result as shown in Figure 3.
6. To model the superstructure, insert a geometric place holder named
superstructure. Insert another geometric place holder named construction
under the superstructure place holder and insert 2 plane objects named
deck_level_plane and superstructure_deck_level_plane. Use the plane
orthogonal operation to set these planes as Z planes at a distance of 25m
and 35m from the origin.
Dept. of Naval Architecture
& Shipbuilding, SNGCE. Lab Manual- ST 010 607 MMTP

Ex. No.3

## 7. Insert 4 body facet objects named body_facet_fwd, body_facet_port,

body_facet_aft and body_facet_stbd. For the forward facet object, define
two points as P1(25,7.5,25) and P2(25,-7.5,25), for the port facet object as
P1(25,7.5,25) and P2(15,7.5,25), for the aft facet object P1(15,7.5,25) and
P2(15,-7.5,25) and for the starboard facet object P1(15,-7.5,25) and
P2(25,-7.5,25).
8. Insert a body_bounds object and point the top as the superstructure deck
level plane, bottom as deck level plane and sides in order as
body_facet_forward, body_facet_port, body_facet_aft and
body_facet_starboard.
9. Insert a solid_body object named superstructure and select the
from_bounds operation and point to the body_bound object inserted
earlier. The result should now give the superstructure placed on top of the
hull as shown in Figure 4.
10.
To subdivide the hull into compartments, insert a geometric
placeholder named Subdivided_Hull. Insert another geometric placeholder
subholder named construction and insert plane objects plane_85,
plane_65, plane_45, plane_25, plane_15, plane_port and plane_stbd .
plane_85 to plane_15 are X planes at distances of 85, 65, 45, 25 & 15 from
the origin. Plane_port and plane_starboard are Y planes at 7.5m & -7.5m
from the origin.
11.
Copy and paste the result of the subtract operation of step 5 as
subdivided hull. Under operations, select subdivide and divide the body
using plane_85 to get two bodies. The forward body is renamed the
forepeak_tank, now the aft part is again subdivided using plane_65 to get
the Cargo_hold_1 and another body, further divisions are carried out to
obtain the cargo_hold_2, cargo_hold_3, machinery_space and
aft_peak_tank. Using the plane_port and plane_starboard, the machinery
space is again subdivided to get the fuel_oil_port and fuel_oil_starboard
tanks as shown in Figure 5.
Result:
The hull of a concept ship has been modelled from scratch by specifying the
boundary xt curves and the section xt curves.

## Dept. of Naval Architecture

& Shipbuilding, SNGCE. Lab Manual- ST 010 607 MMTP

Ex. No.3

FIG. 1

FIG. 2

FIG. 3

## Dept. of Naval Architecture

& Shipbuilding, SNGCE. Lab Manual- ST 010 607 MMTP

Ex. No.3

FIG. 4

FIG. 5

## Dept. of Naval Architecture

& Shipbuilding, SNGCE. Lab Manual- ST 010 607 MMTP

Ex. No.3

## Dept. of Naval Architecture

& Shipbuilding, SNGCE. Lab Manual- ST 010 607 MMTP