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NIOSH/CPWRInformation

infollowingslides
CPWR TheCenterforConstructionResearchandTraining isthe
researcharmoftheBuildingandConstructionTradesDepartment,
AFLCIO.ThisresearchwasfundedaspartofagrantwithCPWR
fromtheNationalInstituteforoccupationalSafetyandHealth,
NIOSH(NIOSHGrant1U54OH008307).Theresearchissolelythe
responsibilityoftheauthorsanddoesnotnecessarilyrepresentthe
officialviewsofNIOSH.
MikeMcCann:mmccann@cpwr.com
ElectronicLibraryofConstructionSafetyandHealth(eLCOSH):
www.elcosh.org
CPWR TheCenterforConstructionResearchandTraining:
www.cpwr.com
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CraneRelatedDeathsinConstruction,
19922006
632cranerelateddeaths
Anaverageof42deaths/year
18multipledeathincidents involvingatotalof
40deaths
Source:U.S.BureauofLaborStatisticsCensusofFatalOccupationalInjuriesResearch
File.DataidentifiedbyselectingCFOI SourceandSecondarySourcecodes=
Cranes,andsearchingNarrativesforkeyworkcrane.

CraneRelatedDeathsinConstructionby
Year,19922006
60

No. of deaths

50
40
30
20
10
0
92

92

93

94

93

94

95

95 96
96

97
97

98
98

99 2000 01 02
99

03

04

05 06

2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006

Year of incident

Source:BLSCFOI

Discussionquestions:
Isthereanyreductionincranefatalitiesovertime?
Doyouthinkthatweneedtochangesomethingtodecreasefatalitiesorwillit
justgetbetteronitsown?
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TradesofWorkersWhoDied
CraneRelatedDeathsinConstruction,19922006
191
deaths

Constructionlaborers
101 deaths

Heavyequipmentoperators*

86 deaths

Supervisors/Managers/Admin
42 deaths

Ironworkers

Total: 632 deaths

41 deaths

Mechanics

171 deaths

Othertrades**

0%

5%

10%

15%

20%

25%

30%

35%

% of deaths

*Includes62craneandtoweroperators,21operatingengineersandotherconstructionequipment
operators,and7hoistandwinchoperators.
**Includes24weldersandcutters,22electricalworkers,21mechanics,17sheetmetalworkers,14
truckdrivers,and73others.
Source:BLSCFOI
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CausesofCraneRelatedDeathsin
Construction,19922006
157 deaths

Overhead power line electrocutions

132deaths
deaths
132

Struck by crane loads


Cause

Crane collapses

89 deaths
78 deaths

Struck by crane booms/jibs*


Falls**

56 deaths

Struck by cranes or crane parts

47 deaths
30 deaths

Caught in/between

deaths: 632
90Total
deaths

43 deaths

Other causes***
0%

10%

20%

30%

% of deaths

*Included64struckbyfallingbooms/jibs
**Included21fallsfromcranes,9fallsfromcranebaskets,8fromcraneloads.
***Othercausesincluded9highwayincidents.
Source:BLSCFOIdata

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OverheadPowerLineElectrocutions
1992 2006
NumberofDeaths:157
52%
Workeronfoot
touching/guiding
loadoadcables

25%
Operating
crane
10%
Other

13%
Workeron
foot
touching
crane

Source:BLSCFOI
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StruckByCraneLoads
Flagging/directing/guiding
14%

32%
Workernotinvolved
withcrane
e.g.,walkingunder
load
Workernotnovledwith

Loading/unloading
32%

crane
32%

Othercranerelated
work
15%

15%
Othercrane
relatedwork

14%
Flagging
directing
guiding

1992 2006
NumberofDeaths:132

32%
Loading/
unloading

7%
Operating
crane

Flagging/directing/guiding
Loading/unloading
Operatingcrane
Othercranerelatedwork

Operatingcrane
7%

Workernotnovledwithcrane

Source:BLSCFOI
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MobileCranes
Atleast71%ofallcranerelatedincidentsinvolvedmobilecranes

Mobilecraneswereinvolvedin:
80of95(84%)ofoverheadpower
lineincidents
37of59(63%)ofcranecollapses
35of59(60%)ofstruckby
boom/jibincidents

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