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1. ...................................................................................... 9
1.1 ACRONIS OS SELECTOR ....................... 9
1.2 ACRONIS OS SELECTOR .................... 10
1.3 ACRONIS OS SELECTOR................... 11
1.4 ........... 12
1.5 ACRONIS OS SELECTOR.................... 12
1.6 ACRONIS OS SELECTOR?..................................... 13
1.7 ? ............................................... 14
1.8 ACRONIS OS SELECTOR............................. 15
2. ................................................................. 18
2.1 ?........................................................ 18
2.1.1 ..............................................................18
2.1.2 ......................................................................19
2.2 ........................................ 19
2.2.1 ............................................................19
2.2.2 ............................................................20
2.3 .................................................................. 21
2.3.1 FAT16......................................................................................................21
2.3.2 FAT32......................................................................................................22
2.3.3 NTFS........................................................................................................22
2.3.4 LINUX EXT2 .............................................................................................22
2.3.5 LINUX EXT2 .............................................................................................23
2.3.6 LINUX REISERFS ......................................................................................23
2.4 ....................................................................................... 23
2.4.1 ? ......................23
2.4.2 ............................................23
2.5 .............................................. 25
2.5.1 ...................................................................................25

2.5.2 ...................................25
2.5.3 ...................................................................26
2.6 ............................................... 26
2.6.1 ..........................................................26
2.6.2 ........................................................
......................................................26
2.6.3 ..........27
2.7 ...................................................................... 27
2.8 ............................................................................. 28
2.9 28
2.9.1 MS-DOS 5.0-6.22, MS-DOS 7.0, WINDOWS 95 ().........28
2.9.2 MS-DOS 7.1/8.0, WINDOWS 95 OSR2/98/ME ........................................29
2.9.3 OS/2 .........................................................................................................30
2.9.4 WINDOWS NT/2000/XP............................................................................30
2.10 , - ............... 30
2.11 1024 4096 ............................. 31
2.12 64K................................ 32
Copyright SWsoft, 20002002 3
3. ACRONIS OS SELECTOR ................ 33
3.1 ............................................................................. 33
3.2 .................................................................................. 34
3.3 ACRONIS OS SELECTOR................................ 36
4. ......................................................................... 38
4.1 .............................................................................. 38
4.2 , ....................... 39
4.3 ACRONIS OS SELECTOR........................................... 41
5. ACRONIS OS SELECTOR ................................ 43
5.1 .............. 43
5.2 ACRONIS OS SELECTOR ....... 44
5.3 ...................... 48
5.4 .. 49
5.4.1 .................................................................49
5.4.2 .........................................................................................50
5.4.3 ...............................................................................................50
5.4.4 ..................................................................................................50
5.4.5 ........................................51
5.5 .............................. 52
5.5.1 .........................................................................................52
5.5.2 ...............................................................................................53
5.5.3 ..................................................................................................53
5.5.4 .......................54
5.5.5 ............56
5.6 ................ 57
5.6.1 ................................................................57
5.6.2 ...........................................................................................58
5.6.3 ........................................................................................59
5.7 ACRONIS OS SELECTOR........................................... 60
5.7.1 .......................................................................61
5.7.2 ................................................................61

5.7.3 ....................................................................................................62
5.8 ............................... 62
5.8.1 ...............................................................................63
5.8.2 ..............................................................................63
5.8.3 .........................................64
5.8.4 ..........................................................65
5.9 ACRONIS OS SELECTOR........................................ 66
5.10 ACRONIS OS SELECTOR............................................. 66
6. ........................................................ 68
6.1 ? ............................. 68
6.2 ................. 69
6.3 ..............................................
......................................................... 70
6.3.1 .........................................................................70
6.3.2 ..............................................................71
6.4 .............................................
( ) .............................. 72
6.5 ............................................................ 74
6.6 ............................................................... 75
4
7. ............ 76
7.1 ..................................................................... 76
7.1.1 .....................................................77
7.1.2 .............78
7.2 ................................. 80
7.3 ................................................... 82
7.4 ....................................................... 83
7.5 ..................................................................... 84
7.6 ....................................................... 85
7.7 .................. 85
7.7.1 ...................................................................86
7.7.2 ............................................86
7.7.3 .................................................................................87
7.8 .... 87
7.8.1 ...............................................................88
7.8.2 ..................................................89
7.8.3 ......................................................89
7.8.4 EDD.......................................................................90
8. 91
8.1 ......................................................... 91
8.2 ......................................................... 92
8.3 .............................................. 93
8.4 ....................................................................... 93
8.5 /..................................... 94
8.6 FAT16 ....................... 96
8.7 ........................................... 97
9. .............. 98
9.1 DOS....................................... 98
9.1.1 ....................................................................98

9.1.2 .......................................................99
9.1.3 ......................................100
9.1.4 .......................................................................................100
9.2 WINDOWS 95/98/ME................................................................... 101
9.2.1 ..................................................................101
9.2.2 .........................101
9.2.3 ..............................................................................101
9.2.4 WINDOWS 95/98/ME .....................................
ACRONIS OS SELECTOR ..............................................102
9.3 WINDOWS NT/2000/XP .............................................................. 103
9.3.1 ..................................................................103
9.3.2 .....................................................103
9.3.3 ......................................104
9.3.4 ..............................................................................104
9.3.5 .......................................................................................105
9.4 LINUX .......................................................................................... 105
9.5 .......................................... 106
10. WINDOWS 95/98/ME............................ 107
10.1 ........................................................ 107
10.2 WINDOWS 95/98/ME .....................
...........
.................................................................................... 108
Copyright SWsoft, 20002002 5
10.3 WINDOWS 95/98/ME .....................
............
.................................................................................... 109
10.4 ................................
WINDOWS 95/98/ME ......... 110
11. / ......................................
WINDOWS NT/2000/XP ............................................................. 113
11.1 WINDOWS NT/2000/XP............................. 113
11.1.1 .............................................................................113
11.1.2 ....................................................................115
11.1.3 ....................................................................116
11.2 WINDOWS 2000/XP ........................
WINDOWS 95/98/ME................................................................... 116
11.3 WINDOWS 2000/XP ........................
WINDOWS NT/2000/XP................................................. 119
11.4 ()
WINDOWS NT/2000/XP ................. 120
11.4.1 WINDOWS NT/2000/XP ...120
11.4.2 WINDOWS NT/2000/XP ..........
121
A. ............................................... 123
A.1 ................................................................ 123
A.2 ............................................................... 123
B. ...................................................... 126
B.1 ....................................................... 126
B.2 .................................................. 126

B.3 ................................................................. 127


B.3.1 ............................................................127
B.3.2 ..................................................................128
B.3.3 FAT16/FAT32/NTFS ............................
FAT32 ..129
B.4 ............... 129
B.5 .................. 130
B.6 ................................. 132
B.7 ......................................................................................... 133
C. ACRONIS OS SELECTOR.... 134
C.1 ........................................................... 134
C.2 ............................................ 134
C.3 ................................. 135
D. ...... 136
D.1 DOS FDISK ................................................................................ 136
D.2 NORTON UTILITIES...................................................................... 136
D.3 .................................................. 137
D.4 ................................................. 137
D.5 ................................................... 137
D.6 ......................... 138
E. FAQ ( ) .................... 139
F. .................................................................. 143
6

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, ,
.
,
.
,
. :
1. , Acronis OS Selector
, ,
, , , - .
, .
2. Acronis OS Selector , Windows
NT/2000/XP. Windows NT/2000/XP ,
. 11. / Windows
NT/2000/XP.
5.2 Acronis OS Selector
Acronis OS Selector
, ,
, .
,
.
44 5. : Acronis OS Selector
:
:
/ ( )
.

Ctrl+F . . 5.6.1
.
/ ( )
.
Ctrl+E . . 5.6.2 .
/ ( )
.
Ctrl+M . . 5.6.3 .

.
Ctrl+S. . 5.4.1
.
. Ctrl+C
. . 5.4.2.
(
) .
Ctrl+C
. . 5.5.1.
.
Del . . 5.4.3.
Copyright SWsoft, 20002002 45
( ) .
Del . . 5.5.2.
(
)
. Del
. . 5.5.5 .
/ /
. Ctrl+H . . 5.4.4.
/ (
) / .
Ctrl+H . .
5.5.3.
.
Enter,
. . 5.4.5
.
( -

)
.
Enter, . . 5.5.4
.
Acronis
OS Selector . Alt+F4.
:
46 5. : Acronis OS Selector
/
.
F5 . .
5.3 .
Acronis OS
Selector.

Acronis OS Selector. . . 5.7 Acronis OS Selector.
:
. . 5.8.
Windows 95/98/ME . . 10. .
Acronis OS Selector Acronis OS Selector. . 5.9.
Acronis OS Selector Acronis OS Selector
. . 5.10.
:

Acronis OS Selector. . C.

, .
Copyright SWsoft, 20002002 47
5.3

( ):
.
, .
,
.
.
- , // .
, ,
, .
. 4-

, , ( ),
( , ,
), , .
, ,
.
48 5. : Acronis OS Selector
,
, F5.
() () .
, , MBR,
. .
, - BIOS Setup.
Acronis OS Selector , , .
,
.
5.4
5.4.1
. , ,
,
. , (
), .
Copyright SWsoft, 20002002 49
,
Ctrl+S.
5.4.2
.
, ,
.
, , ,
.
,
, Ctrl+C.
5.4.3

. .

, -

,
.
. 5.5.2.
5.4.4

, , .
(). 50 5. : Acronis OS Selector

.
/ ,
Ctrl+H.
5.4.5

:
.
.
.
: ,
.
Copyright SWsoft, 20002002 51
. , / ,
, ( ).
,
.
,
, ,

,
.
, .
5.5
5.5.1
Acronis OS Selector , .

, , .
,
.
52 5. : Acronis OS Selector
5.5.2
Acronis OS Selector
( ). :
,

:
,
, .
,
. (
), ,
(
), \LOSTFILE, .
5.5.3
, , (),
.
Copyright SWsoft, 20002002 53
5.5.4
:
.
: ,
(
, ,
, ).
.
: , / (
, ), , .
. ,
, ,
, .
, ,
.
54 5. : Acronis OS Selector
Windows NT/2000/XP .
. , ,
, , . , ,
.
:
;
;
Win (Windows, Program Files) .
.
:
-


;
Copyright SWsoft, 20002002 55
OS/2
OS/2 ;
Windows 95OSR2/98/ME
Windows 95OSR2/98/ME ;

Windows 95OSR2/98/ME , FAT, 1023- ,
LBA, LBA ;
Windows NT/2000/XP
, .
Windows NT/2000/XP,
;
/
;
,
, .
5.5.5
, Acronis OS
Selector, , Acronis OS
Selector .
, Acronis OS
Selector , .
,
Acronis OS Selector. .
, , , .
,
, , Acronis OS Selector ,
.
56 5. : Acronis OS Selector
5.6
5.6.1
:
Acronis OS
Selector;
B: (, ,
);

.

, ,
Ctrl+F.
,
, .
:
. , , .
Copyright SWsoft, 20002002 57
. ,
, ,
. , ,
.
.
.
, 5.4.5 5.5.4
.

.
, .
5.6.2
, , ,
- .
58 5. : Acronis OS Selector
.
.
, ,
, Ctrl+E. ,

, , ,
.
,
, .
.
, ,
.
5.6.3
, , ,
.


.
,
,
, Ctrl+M.
, , ,
, ,
.
Copyright SWsoft, 20002002 59
,
, .
.
, ,
. ,
, :
.
.
. , .
5.7 Acronis OS Selector
Acronis OS Selector
,
. , Acronis OS Selector.
60 5. : Acronis OS Selector
Acronis OS Selector
.
5.7.1
:
(
),
( ,
, ),
.
, , .
Esc Acronis OS Selector.
.
, .
.
,
, ,
.
, .
5.7.2

, Acronis OS Selector ( ):
( , COM1/2, PS/2, ).
NumLock ( , , ).
.
Copyright SWsoft, 20002002 61
5.7.3
, Acronis OS Selector.
. Acronis OS Selector
, , .. ,
.
, , .
,
. , .
, Acronis OS Selector.
5.8
, Acronis OS Selector
, ,
. ,
62 5. : Acronis OS Selector
, , , Windows 95/98/ME,
, .
5.8.1
, >,
.
,
Esc . .
5.8.2
,
, ,
.
, .
..
:
( , ,
; ).
. , (

).
Copyright SWsoft, 20002002 63
/
.
.. ,
.
5.8.3
,
:
( ), .
FAT16/FAT32.
, ,
, .
64 5. : Acronis OS Selector
, , ,
Acronis OS Selector.
, >,
.
5.8.4
,
, .
, ,
. - , Esc .
, , ,
.
Copyright SWsoft, 20002002 65
5.9 Acronis OS Selector
Acronis OS Selector (
Acronis OS Selector).
, Acronis OS
Selector.
Acronis OS
Selector. Acronis OS Selector,
Acronis OS Selector.
5.10 Acronis OS Selector
Acronis OS Selector (

Acronis OS

Selector). Acronis
OS Selector, .
66 5. : Acronis OS Selector
, :
1. Acronis OS Selector ,
(
, , ),
.
2. ,
Acronis OS Selector, , ,
Acronis OS Selector.
Copyright SWsoft, 20002002 67

6.
:
?




( )


6.1 ?
, , ,

. , ,

. ,
,
, ,
Acronis OS Selector.
- ,
,
,
. .
:
1. ( CD-ROM).
, -, ,
Acronis OS Selector ,
-, -
.
2. Acronis OS Selector.
.

68 6. :
6.2

:
;
;
;
;
;
.
,
.
, ,
.
. . ,
Acronis OS
Selector.
,
( ) .

. Copyright SWsoft, 20002002 69
.
, . ( ):
Acronis OS Selector;
( );
;
(, , );
;
;
.
.
,
.
6.3


.
6.3.1
.

,
.

70 6. :
,
, .
6.3.2
, Alt+< >.
, Alt+ .
Copyright SWsoft, 20002002 71
, ,
Enter, .
- , Esc Alt.
6.4
( )

, . :
;
72 6. :

;
.
.
,


.
Copyright SWsoft, 20002002 73
6.5
Acronis OS Selector 5.0
. ,
, , .
, ,
.

:
. .
.
.
.
.
, :
.
, ,
, :
74 6. :
6.6

-
.
.
Acronis OS Selector
README.TXT, , ,
, .
Copyright SWsoft, 20002002 75

7.

:








7.1
. 4-
.

, ,
. , ,
. 2.
.
,
. , ,
- . ,

. , , .
.
, ,
,
.
, . ,
76 7. :
6.4
( ).

7.1.1
, ,
, ,
.
.




FAT16
FAT32
NTFS
Linux Ext2/Ext3

,
1
MS DOS 6.22 +2 - + - - - 2 10M
Windows 95
(MS-DOS 7.0)
+2 - + - - - 8 50M
Windows 95
OSR2
(MS-DOS 7.1)
+2 +2 + + - - 150M
Windows 98
(MS-DOS 7.1)
+2 +2 + + - - 300M
Windows ME
(MS-DOS 8.0)
+2 +2 + + - - 600M
Windows NT
3.x
- - + - + - 2 100M
Windows NT
4.0
- - + - + - 23
Windows 2000 - - + + + - 700M
ASPLinux + + + + +4 + 600M
1 .
2 Acronis OS Selector ,
C:.
3 Service Pack 4.
4 .
Copyright SWsoft, 20002002 77

7.1.2
:
1. ;
2. ( , Insert);
3. ;
4. , Enter
.
:
:
.
,
MBR . ,
.
, : FAT16,
FAT32, NTFS, Linux Ext2/Ext3, Linux ReiserFS, Linux Swap.
, ,
, .
,
,
.
. (
,
78 7. :
), ,
.
/:
( FAT16, FAT32 NTFS) ( Linux
Ext2/Ext3). ,
, .
(
FAT16). ,
,
.
, (,
MS-DOS, Norton Utilities .) .
64
( FAT16).
, Windows 95/98/ME .
:
FAT ( FAT16 FAT32).
, FAT 2.

( FAT16). 512 .
.
, i-node
( Linux Ext2).

inode
. ,
i-node.
( 2.0.39+) ( Linux Ext2). , Ext2
.
( 2.0.39+) ( Linux Ext2).
, ,
i-node, (),
. ,
, ,
fsck ,
. .
4 ( 2.4.0+) ( Linux Ext2).
, ,
Copyright SWsoft, 20002002 79
32- , 4 . ,
, 4 .
7.2
,
, .
:
, , ;
;
.
,
, ,
Acronis OS Selector.
,
. , , ,
.
,
, ,
Acronis OS Selector, .
:
1. .
2. ( , Ctrl+C

Ctrl+M).
3. , . ( ,

.)
80 7. :
4. , .
5.
.
, ,
. ,
(
FAT16 FAT32), FAT16/FAT32.
,
, . ,
.
,
.
Copyright SWsoft, 20002002 81
6. , Enter .
, ,
. , , , ,
. , ,
, !
, ,
. , , , ,
. , ,
, !
7.3
, ,
, . ,
.
, ,
, .
, Acronis OS Selector,
( , , ..). Acronis

OS Selector 2 , .
FAT
, , , .
() ,
,
. . 7.1 .
FAT32 ,
. . 7.1 .
,
, . .
CHKDSK SCANDISK, 82 7. :
.
:
1. .
2. ( ,
Ctrl+R).
3.
.
, ,
.
4. , Enter .
7.4
,
.
, :
1. .
2. .
Copyright SWsoft, 20002002 83

, , .
3. , Enter .
7.5

. , , , , .

, , .
,

.
, :
1. .
2. ( , Del).
3. .
84 7. :
, .
7.6
, , , ,
. , GAMES, ,
, .
FAT16/FAT32 11
MS-DOS,
, . NTFS 32
Unicode. ASCII. Linux Ext2
16 , ,
, ASCII .
, :
1. .
2. ( Ctrl+L).
3. .
4. , Enter .
7.7
:
1. .
2. ( , Enter).
3. Enter Esc
.
Copyright SWsoft, 20002002 85
,
,
.

. , ,
,
Alt.
7.7.1

.

7.7.2
,
, .
86 7. :
7.7.3
,
. . ,
CHKDSK, SCANDISK
FSCK .
7.8

, BIOS. :
Copyright SWsoft, 20002002 87
1. ( ).
2. (
, Alt+P).
3. Enter Esc
.

. , ,
,
Alt.
7.8.1
. , Acronis OS Selector:
BIOS
BIOS .
80h. 80h .
, , . ,
()
( 13h, 0-8),
, .
, :
- 63;
- 255;
- 1023.
88 7. :
,
, 7.9 . , ,
( 13h,

41h-48h).
, Acronis OS
Selector.
7.8.2
, BIOS.
80h 81h :
, .
, 8, BIOS .
, ,
, ECC . .
, .
Normal, ,
, BIOS .
7.8.3
,
BIOS. :
( 8).
,
.
Copyright SWsoft, 20002002 89
.
.
.
512.
.
7.8.4 EDD
BIOS,
Phoenix , IDE
.
90 7. :
8.

:




/
FAT16

8.1
:
1. .

2. FAT16 FAT32.
,
, ,

.
Copyright SWsoft, 20002002 91
-
, , .
8.2
,
. , ,
. :
0 (Unused) ;
5 (Extended) ( );
15 (Extended LBA) ,
MS-DOS Windows
95OSR2/98/ME BIOS.

, .
.

,
. , , ,
- ,
.
:
1. .
2. (
Ctrl+T).
3. .
92 8. :
4. , Enter .
8.3
, ,

, , . .
,
:
1. ;
2. ;
3. (
Ctrl+A).

Acronis OS Selector,
,
. , .

. .
5.5.4 .
8.4

. , ,
, .
, Windows NT/2000/XP.
, ,
.
, :
1. ;
2. / (
Ctrl+H).
Copyright SWsoft, 20002002 93
Acronis OS Selector,
, Acronis OS Selector . ,
.

. . 5.5.4
.
8.5 /
/ ,
, , , ,
.
Microsoft:
FAT16, FAT32, NTFS.
.
/ , , ,
/.
FAT32
, ,
.

FAT16/FAT32. NTFS Linux Ext2/Ext3 /
.

, NTFS 8 .
/ ( , ,
, ) .
94 8. :
/ :
;
;
/ , / /
.
, , /.
/,

FORMAT. / ,
. / .
,
, 7.1.2 .
,
FAT16/FAT32, :
1. .
2. ( ,
Ctrl+R).
3.
/ .
4.
/ .
Copyright SWsoft, 20002002 95
5. , Enter .
8.6 FAT16
FAT16, ,
, , ,
, , .

FAT16, ,
, .. .
, , .
, .
512 , , ,

512.
( ,
, , ) .
, .
, .

.
, ,
:
96 8. :
1. .
2. ( ,
Ctrl+R).
3.
.
4.
.
5. , Enter .
8.7
( MBR) , (, DRDOS,
Windows NT/2000/XP), .
.
.
, :
1. .
2. (
Ctrl+G).
3. ,
.
Copyright SWsoft, 20002002 97

9.

:
DOS
Windows 95/98/ME
Windows NT/2000/XP
Linux

9.1 DOS
9.1.1
Acronis OS Selector DOS:

MS-DOS 5.x6.x;
MS-DOS 7.0 ( ,
Windows 95);
MS-DOS 7.1 ( ,
Windows 95OSR2/98);
MS-DOS 8.0 ( ,
Windows ME);
PC-DOS 5.x7.0;
DR-DOS 7.x;
Acronis OS Selector MS-DOS 7.x/8.0, , Windows,
SYS.
Acronis OS Selector :
MS-DOS 5.x6.x PC-DOS, Windows
95/98/ME;
MS-DOS PC-DOS, Windows
NT/2000.
98 9. :
DOS (, ) Acronis OS Selector.
(, ),

.
9.1.2
DOS :
1. ( )
DOS , ,
.
2. ,
, DOS.
3. DOS (CONFIG.SYS) ,
,
,
, .
4. (
COMMAND.COM), DOS.
DOS
DOS:
MS-DOS 5.x6.x PC-DOS ,
.
MS-DOS 5.x6.x IO.SYS
MSDOS.SYS.
PC-DOS DR-DOS 7.x IBMBIO.COM
IBMDOS.COM.
MS-DOS 7.x/8.0 , IO.SYS,
MSDOS.SYS .
DOS (.

2.9 ).
MS-DOS PC-DOS , C:.
CONFIG.SYS DOS.
MS-DOS 7.x/8.0 COMMAND.COM, WIN.COM,
MSDOS.SYS BOOTGUI=1.
Copyright SWsoft, 20002002 99
MS-DOS 8.0 ,
. CONFIG.SYS AUTOEXEC.BAT.
Windows. MS-DOS
8.0, Windows ME,
, ,
.
9.1.3
DOS:
IO.SYS ( MS-DOS);
MSDOS.SYS ( MS-DOS 5.x6.x);
IBMBIO.COM ( PC-DOS);
IBMDOS.COM ( PC-DOS);
DBLSPACE.BIN ( MS-DOS 5.x6.2);
DRVSPACE.BIN ( MS-DOS 6.228.0);
LOGO.SYS ( MS-DOS 7.x/8.0);
COMMAND.COM ( DOS).
:
MSDOS.SYS ( MS-DOS 7.x/8.0);
WINBOOT.INI ( MSDOS.SYS);
CONFIG.SYS ( DOS);
AUTOEXEC.BAT ( DOS).
9.1.4
DOS :
MS-DOS 7.1/8.0 FAT16
FAT32 , 8 .
MS-DOS PC-DOS ,
C:, .
MS-DOS PC-DOS ,
, DOS.
- DOS-
2
.
100 9. :
9.2 Windows 95/98/ME
Windows 95/98/ME MS-DOS, , MS-DOS 7.x/8.0
Windows 95/98/ME.
9.2.1
Acronis OS Selector Windows 95, Windows 95 OSR2, Windows

98, Windows ME (Millennium Edition),


.
9.2.2
Windows , MS-DOS
WIN.COM. Windows, ,
(EXPLORER.EXE).
, MS-DOS.
Windows 95/98/ME:
Windows 95 MS-DOS 7.0, FAT32, , MS-DOS 7.0 ,
1024 .
Windows 95OSR2/98 MS-DOS 7.1 FAT32.
Windows ME MS-DOS 8.0, FAT32, MS-DOS.
9.2.3
Windows :
( ,
Windows).
( Windows
Program Files, Windows
).
( Windows ME
_Restore).

Acronis OS Selector
. . (
) ,
Copyright SWsoft, 20002002 101
, OS
Selector.
. ,
,
. ,
Recycled.
9.2.4 Windows 95/98/ME
Acronis OS Selector
Windows 95/98/ME ,
MBR. , Windows 95/98/ME Acronis OS
Selector. , Acronis OS Selector AUTOEXEC.BAT REINSTAL.COM,
MBR Acronis OS Selector. ,
, , ,
, Acronis OS Selector , -

. .
1.1 Acronis OS Selector .
MBR Windows Millennium
Edition, MS-DOS 8.0
, ,
AUTOEXEC.BAT.
, DOS
, . :
Windows 95/98/ME
;
Windows 95/98/ME , Windows NT/2000/XP;
Windows 95/98/ME
.
, ,
, , Acronis OS
Selector Windows 95/98/ME,
10.
Windows 95/98/ME
SCANDISK.EXE, ,
102 9. :
.
,
DOS Windows 95/98/ME. , DOS ,
.
.
, Windows 95/98/ME
/is.
9.3 Windows NT/2000/XP
9.3.1
Acronis OS Selector Windows NT 3.51, 4.0, Windows
2000 Windows XP,
.
9.3.2
Windows NT 2- :
. . ,
, NTLDR BOOT.INI
NTDETECT.COM. , , Windows NT.
,
Windows NT, - , .
Windows NT WINNT (

),
Program Files, . , , .
Windows 95 Windows NT
- (. 9.2.3
).
, Windows NT/2000/XP .
Copyright SWsoft, 20002002 103
9.3.3
Windows NT/2000/XP:
NTLDR ();
BOOTFONT.BIN ( ,
);
NTDETECT.COM ();
NTBOOTDD.SYS ( ,

BIOS).
:
BOOT.INI ().
9.3.4
Windows NT/2000/XP :
( ,
Winnt).
( Windows
Program Files, Windows
).
(
Windows Documents and Settings, Windows ).

Acronis OS Selector
. . (
) ,
, OS
Selector.
. ,
,
. ,
Recycled.
Acronis OS Selector Windows NT/2000/XP,
FAT16/FAT32.
104 9. :
9.3.5
Windows NT/2000/XP :
Windows NT/2000/XP

.
Windows NT 3.51 4.0 FAT16
NTFS, Windows 2000 FAT32.
Windows NT 3.51 4.0 2 .
9.4 Linux
Acronis OS Selector
Linux, LILO ASPLoader,
MBR, , Linux.
Linux
Ext2/Ext3 ReiserFS, , . ,
(Linux Swap).
, , ,
Linux
. Linux
LILO, ( ASPLoader
).
Linux , - . ,
, , LILO ,
. .
-, lilo, .
Linux, , ,
.
,
Linux.
Linux ,
Linux, .
Copyright SWsoft, 20002002 105
9.5
.
. ,
.
Acronis OS Selector
, .
, Windows.
BeOS, QNX.
Acronis OS Selector ,
,

. ,
Acronis OS Selector
106 9. :
10.
Windows 95/98/ME
:

Windows 95/98/ME

Windows 95/98/ME

Windows
95/98/ME
Windows 95/98/ME
.
10.1
, ,
>, .
Copyright SWsoft, 20002002 107
, Esc
. .
, . :
Windows
95/98/ME ;
Windows
95/98/ME ;
Windows 95/98/ME.
, >,
.
, .
10.2 Windows 95/98/ME



,
Acronis OS Selector . , ,
. Acronis OS Selector 108 10. : Windows 95/98/ME

.
10.3 Windows 95/98/ME

Windows 95/98/ME
, .
>. .
,

. Copyright SWsoft, 20002002 109
,
.
, .
10.4
Windows 95/98/ME
Acronis OS Selector
Windows 95/98/ME,
,
, .
.
, Windows 95/98/ME -
, DOS (DR-DOS, MS-DOS, PC-DOS), , , Windows 95/98/ME.
.
,
Windows (Windows 95 Original, Windows 95OSR2, Windows 98 Windows
Millennium Edition), ,
(CD-ROM, CD-ROM,
).
>.
110 10. : Windows 95/98/ME
, .
:
(, ).
, (
)
.
. .
(, ,
WINDOWS Program Files).
.. Win.
(,
). -

,
.
.
, , , ,
.
.. .
Copyright SWsoft, 20002002 111
, >,
, ,
( Windows, ,
).
,
Windows...,
, .
. , CD-ROM, Acronis OS Selector
CD-ROM, CD-ROM
CONFIG.SYS, .
112 10. : Windows 95/98/ME
11. /
Windows NT/2000/XP
:
Windows NT/2000/XP
Windows 2000/XP Windows 95/98/ME
Windows 2000/XP Windows NT/2000/XP
() Windows NT/2000/XP
11.1 Windows NT/2000/XP
, Windows NT/2000/XP, , .
( NTFS), Acronis OS Selector.
11.1.1
. 3- :
1. (WINNT32.EXE)
Windows 95/98/ME Windows NT/2000/XP.
,
:
Copyright SWsoft, 20002002 113
,
( WINNT),
:

, .
2. (WINNT.EXE) DOS. -
, SMARTDRV.EXE 32768
( ).

.
Windows NT DOS
/B, 3 .
3. CD-ROM.
, . .
, ,
, , , ,
CD-ROM.
1 2 Acronis OS Selector,
,
Windows,
:
114 11. : / Windows NT/2000/XP
. .
11.1.2

,
CD-ROM .
, .
.
, . , ,
(, NTFS ).
FAT, Windows,
. Acronis OS Selector
. NTFS!
, .
MBR,
Acronis OS Selector .
, ..
Acronis OS Selector Windows

NT/2000/XP .
,
.
, Windows NT/2000/XP
BIOS Acronis OS
Selector.
Copyright SWsoft, 20002002 115
11.1.3
NTFS,
, .
,
. Acronis OS Selector
,
.
11.2 Windows 2000/XP
Windows 95/98/ME
Windows 2000/XP Windows 95/98/ME .
, , -,
, , . ,
DOS, Windows 95/98/ME.
Windows
95/98/ME Windows 2000/XP ,
.

WINNT32.EXE , .
:
116 11. : / Windows NT/2000/XP
, , () NTFS, , ,
, ,
. , NTFS ,
Acronis OS Selector. ,
Acronis OS Selector FAT
NTFS Windows NT/2000/XP.
NTFS, .
, ,
,
, . Acronis OS Selector,
:
Copyright SWsoft, 20002002 117

, ,
, , :
, ,
. ,
, .

. Acronis OS
Selector ,
. .
, , .
, . .
,
, , , Acronis OS Selector.
118 11. : / Windows NT/2000/XP
11.3 Windows 2000/XP
Windows NT/2000/XP

WINNT32.EXE , . ,
, .
, ,
:
, .
Acronis OS Selector, :
Copyright SWsoft, 20002002 119
, ,
,
, :
, ,
. ,
, .

. Acronis OS
Selector ,
. .
, , .
, . .
11.4 ()

Windows NT/2000/XP
11.4.1 Windows NT/2000/XP
Acronis OS Selector Windows
NT/2000/XP BOOT.INI ,
. ,
.
timeout=xx
;:
120 11. : / Windows NT/2000/XP
11.4.2 Windows NT/2000/XP

Windows
NT/2000/XP, - Windows NT/2000/XP. ,

, . :
1. WINNT32.EXE -
Windows 95/98/ME Windows NT/2000/XP.
, .
,
, .
.
2. WINNT.EXE DOS. ,
.
, .
.
3. CD-ROM.
:
,
;
CD-ROM;
;
Copyright SWsoft, 20002002 121
BIOS Setup CD-ROM,
;
CD-ROM, Acronis OS
Selector.
, ,
.
,
.
122 11. : / Windows NT/2000/XP

A.
A.1
Acronis OS Selector .
.
Acronis OS
Selector, ,
Ctrl+E. .
,
Ctrl+Tab.
,

. . 5.4.5
.
A.2
, :
.
F2.
Copyright SWsoft, 20002002 123
. ,
. Esc.
. ,
. Alt+F4.
, :
( ).
.
.
F8.
(
). .
.
Ctrl+F8.

. Ctrl+X.
.
Ctrl+C.
.
Ctrl+V.
, :
.
F1.

, ,
:
Backspace ;
Ctrl+Y ;
Del ;
Ins / ;
Home/End / ;
Ctrl+Home/Ctrl+End / ;
PgUp/PgDn /;
124 A :
Ctrl+PgUp/Ctrl+PgDn / .

:
Shift+
;
Ctrl+/Ctrl+ /.
Copyright SWsoft, 20002002 125

B.
:





, , .
.
!
B.1

, , .
, ,
,
,
Ctrl+E.
, ,
, ,
Alt+E.
B.2
,
, ,

Ctrl+Tab.
126 B :
B.3
.
.
, ,

Alt+A ,
Alt+P .
B.3.1
( ,
). , ,
Copyright SWsoft, 20002002 127
.
, ,
Tab. ,
, , , , , PageUp
PageDown.
B.3.2
, MBR
. , Acronis OS Selector,
.

, , ,
, , .
PageUp PageDown.
,
.
, Enter, .
Ctrl+Backspace.
128 B :
B.3.3 FAT16/FAT32/NTFS
FAT32
, . /
.

, , ,
, , .
PageUp PageDown.
B.4
, ,
, , -


,
, .
.

Ctrl+U Alt+Backspace
, Ctrl+W
.
Copyright SWsoft, 20002002 129
,
.
.
B.5
. ,
, ,
, .
130 B :

.
, , ,
. ,
.
Copyright SWsoft, 20002002 131
B.6

, ,
, Shift,
, Ctrl+B,
Ctrl+B.
:
( Ctrl+C);
(
).
- ,

,
Ctrl+V.
132 B :
B.7

. ,
, , , -

.
Ctrl+S,
.
, .
,
.
, , , ,
, . ,
Ctrl+G.
Copyright SWsoft, 20002002 133
Acronis OS Selector
C.
Acronis OS Selector
C.1
:
, , .
. ,
.
.
, , .
. , .
C.2
,
/ . .
134 C :
.
. .
, .
,
. .

.

.
C.3
, .

PgUp PgDn. Home End.
Ctrl+Tab,

.
, Tab
Shift+Tab, .
Enter.
, ,
Backspace.
F1.
Esc.
Backspace.
Copyright SWsoft, 20002002 135

D.

:
DOS FDISK
Norton Utilities




D.1 DOS FDISK
MS-DOS, PC-DOS, DR-DOS, Windows
95/98/ME, OS/2 Unix ,
FDISK, .
, - :
, 1024
, BIOS, FDISK
. FDISK
.
, , 8 13h ,
BIOS. FDISK ,
.
, . FDISK
.
, ,
FDISK .
D.2 Norton Utilities
Norton Utilities,
Norton Disk Doctor,
, ,
, . 136 D :
,

, Norton Disk Doctor .


D.3

Staker DriveSpace (DoubleSpace).
,
, ,
. ,
,
,
.
D.4
Acronis OS Selector , ,
. , , Acronis
OS Selector .
:
, ,
.
,
, .
D.5
Acronis OS
Selector
, .
.
, BIOS,
Acronis OS Selector.
Copyright SWsoft, 20002002 137
D.6
Ontrack DDO, Microhouse EZ-Drive
Pro-Drive, Maxblast, WD DDO, Seagate DDO .
, BIOS.
BIOS,
,
.
Acronis OS Selector , ,
,
BIOS,
.
Ctrl . , -

.
138 D :
E. FAQ
( )
Linux, Acronis OS Selector ( Linux).
?
, LILO MBR, MBR Acronis OS
Selector .
Acronis OS Selector e. , Linux
.
FAT, :
. ?
Acronis OS Selector ,
.
CHKDSK
(SCANDISK) - .
Windows 2000,
NTFS,
. , ,
Slave Windows 98,
. BIOS Setup D:
Windows 98. , , BIOS Setup,
. Acronis OS Selector ?
, . BIOS Setup , Windows NT .
Acronis OS Selector. Windows 98
. FAT, Acronis OS Selector
Windows 98.
,
Windows 98 .
,
MBR, Windows 95/98/ME MBR, . ,
Windows?
Copyright SWsoft, 20002002 139
Acronis OS Selector,
, AUTOEXEC.BAT
REINSTAL.COM, MBR
( Windows ME, AUTOEXEC.BAT ).

MBR, Windows 95/98/ME


Acronis OS Selector Windows.
Acronis OS Selector
DOS Windows?
. -, Acronis OS Selector
, , -,
Acronis OS Selector, . , ,
,
, BIOS.
13 ,
MaxBlast Maxtor,
8 .
MBR, Acronis OS Selector?
Acronis OS Selector
, MaxBlast, DM6 DDO EZ-Drive. , Acronis OS Selector
.
Acronis OS Selector ?
Acronis OS Selector , ,
. ,
.
,
, .
Acronis OS Selector) Acronis OS
Selector (. 5.9 Acronis OS Selector).
Acronis OS
Selector , , Acronis OS Selector.
, Acronis OS
Selector, , Acronis OS Selector.
140 E : FAQ ( )
Acronis OS Selector , Acronis OS Selector.
Windows
98 FAT32, Windows 2000 ,
NTFS. Acronis OS
Selector ?
, . Acronis OS Selector,
.
FAT32, , NTFS.
Windows 2000, .
. -

?
, Acronis OS Selector . (
), .
(
).
, ,

.
OS Selector ?
Acronis OS Selector .
CD-ROM, .
, Acronis OS
Selector , MS-DOS
.
.
Acronis
OS Selector , . , Acronis OS Selector, / ,
, .
OS Selector , - . ?
Acronis OS Selector . Windows. .
.
. Acronis OS Selector
, .
Copyright SWsoft, 20002002 141
BOOTWIZ, ,
Windows. ?
, Acronis OS Selector , .
, FDISK /MBR
Windows 95/98/ME MS-DOS, MBR .
OS Selector,
Linux. LILO: MBR
? ?
Acronis OS Selector LILO, LILO ( Linux)
, Linux.
OS Selector , CD-ROM ZIP?
, ZIP . CD-ROM
.

Acronis OS Selector.
142 E : FAQ ( )
F.
.
, . .
. , Acronis OS
Selector,
,
.
.
. MBR .
Microsoft ,
.
8.3
(, ). , DOS,
. A: B:
. , C:, , .
CD-ROM,
, . ,
,
2.9 .
. ,
,
.
. , , , . , Acronis
OS Selector, .
. . MBR.
( , /).
, ,

.
Copyright SWsoft, 20002002 143
(, , )
. Acronis OS Selector ,
,
,
. Acronis OS
Selector, .
. . 5.1
. , Acronis OS Selector -

,
. . 5.8 .
. ,
( , -),
( ), , ( ).
. . ,
, . , 3.5
1.44 .
. .
. , . ,
.
.
, ,
. /
.
. ,
. .
. , ,
,
. :
;
;
BIOS;
144 F :
BIOS
(, SCSI .);
.
, .
, .
.
0:7C00h . ,
.

, ,
.
. , ,

.
.
(0AA55h).
. ,
. ,
. CD-ROM.
. , (
, ).
. , , .
0AA55h.
Acronis OS Selector. Acronis OS Selector
BOOTWIZ.SYS
, Acronis OS
Selector .
Copyright SWsoft, 20002002 145
. ,
. ,
.
Acronis OS Selector. Acronis OS Selector ,
BOOTWIZ , Acronis OS Selector . , ,
,
BOOTWIZ, .
. ,
FAT NTFS. , ,
, , , , ,
, .
.
. Acronis
OS Selector :
;
;
;
;
;
;
LBA.
:

(

);
;
;
;
LBA, LBA;
.
. Acronis OS Selector
BOOTWIZ\BOOTCFG.EXE
, 146 F :
, Acronis OS Selector.
. .
. ,
. Acronis OS Selector

.
. ,
. ,
, , : \WINDOWS\SYSTEM\VMM32.VXD.
WINDOWS , SYSTEM
WINDOWS, VMM32.VXD SYSTEM.
. , . ,
.
. , , MBR.
.
Acronis OS Selector. Acronis
OS Selector,
Acronis OS Selector , -
Acronis OS Selector.
Windows 95/98/ME. Acronis OS
Selector,
Windows 95/98/ME , Windows 95/98/ME.
. , ,

.
1.1
Acronis OS Selector .
. Acronis OS Selector , BOOTWIZ\BOOTMENU.EXE

,
, .
Copyright SWsoft, 20002002 147
. , ,
. ,
. , FAT 11 ,
.
Acronis OS Selector. Acronis OS Selector
, , . ,
Acronis OS Selector Acronis OS Selector .
. .
. Acronis OS Selector

.
. , , , ,

.
Acronis OS Selector. , Acronis OS Selector.
. ,
Acronis OS Selector. Acronis OS Selector ,
, .
. ,
MBR. ,
.
. , .
.
. ,
, , - .
. , , .
,
,
.
148 F :
. BIOS ( 8 )
.
,
,

BIOS .
Acronis OS Selector. Acronis
OS Selector, Acronis OS Selector .
.
.
FDISK. FDISK .
. , .
, .
. : , . ,
.
.
BIOS. BIOS, 1994 8 .
, BIOS
, 275 .
. ,
. 512
. : (. ) ,
.
/. /, .
.
.
, . ,
Windows 95/98/ME IO.SYS ,
, WINDOWS. Program
Files ,
Copyright SWsoft, 20002002 149
, WINDOWS, , .
. , .
.
. , - .
.
. Acronis OS
Selector .

, .

. , , .
.
.
, MBR. ,
, MBR,
,
, .
. ,
. 4- . MBR
, .
.
Acronis OS Selector. Acronis OS Selector
, . Acronis
OS Selector -
, Acronis OS
Selector, .
, Acronis OS Selector.
Acronis OS Selector. Acronis OS Selector
, .
BOOTWIZ,
, MBR
Acronis OS Selector.
150 F :
.
,
. Acronis
OS Selector .
Acronis OS Selector.
Acronis OS Selector , . CD-ROM Acronis
OS Selector, , ,
Acronis OS Selector , DOS
.
. . -, -
,
.
. ,
. : ,
, -

.
.
. , .
, , , CD-ROM
.
. . 3 :
( ),
( ).
. , .
, .
Copyright SWsoft, 20002002 151