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C 3 B ) ecTb HecKOJibKO HeTpHBHajibHbix MOMHTOB, BaacHbix hjth HCTOPHH He
TOJIbKO 3T0r0 naMHTHHKa, HO H BOOmeflpeBHepyCCKOHnHCbMeHHOCTH. 3TOT
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peflaKHHH C 3 B CBOflflTCH B CyiIJHOCTH K HaJIHHHK) HJIH OTCyTCTBHK) B HHX flByXTpex (|)parMeHTOB TEXCTA [MojiaoBaH 1984, c. 8-19], i^ejieHanpaBJieHHofi
peflaKTypbi H3biKa B HHX He 6biJio. MejiKHe TeKCTonoranecKHe pasjiHHHa
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(ojiee 50-TH) HMGIOT B OCHOBHOM cjiynaHHbm xapaKTep:

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ranjiorpa4)HliecKHe nponycKH OTflejibHbix SJIGMGHTOB TeKCTa, nepecTaHOBKa
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CHJiy KaKHX-TO cjiynaHHbix ocTOHTejibCTB, c nopa3HTejibHo nocjieflOBaTejibHocTbio oTpaataeT TCKCT, KOTopbr MOKCT paccMaTpHBaTbca B KanecTBe
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npeflCTaBJieHHOMy B C 5 9 1 [Miiller 1975, S. 14; M i o j u i e p 1976, c. 378; MojiflOBaH
1984, c. 32-34], TeKcroJiorHHecKHe cxoameHHJi KaKon-JiHo OAHOH H3 3THX flByx
peflaKHHH c C 5 9 1FLOJI>KHbiBOSBOJJHTBCH K npoTorpa(J)y TeKCTa HjiapnoHa, a
npoTHBonocTaBJieHHbie

HM BapnaHTbi c j i e a y e T HHTepnpeTHpoBaTb KAK

3JieMeHTM flerpajjaipiH TeKCTa [MojiflOBaH 1982, c. 234-59].


B ojibuiHHCTBe cjiynaeB cpencTBaMH (|>HJi0Ji0rHHecK0H KpHTHKH yflaeTca
ycTaHOBHTb npaBHJibHOCTb HHflHBHflyajibHbix HTeHHH C 5 9 1 n a x e B Tex cjiynaax,
KOrjja HM npOTHBOCTOHT flaHHbie Bcex OCTaJIbHblX CnHCKOB. PeHb HfleT,
maBHbiM 0pa30M, o nponycKax OTflejibHbix CJIOB H cjioBocoieTaHHH BO Bcex
cnncKax, KpoMe C 5 9 1 . HecKOJibKO TaKHX nponycKOB paccMOTpeHO B H3jjaHHH

International Journal ofSlavic Linguistics and Poetics 44-45: 441-52, 2002-03.

C 3 E [MojiflOBaH 1984, c. 3 1 - 3 2 ] . IIpHBefleM flpyrne npHMepw, Bbifleji


nponycKH noflnepKHBaHHeM.
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WA6pKMAvk BUT H. H B"kcOBhCKblHA\Ti C A 0 Y Hi 6 B A N A\ b blJIH CJiyHHHHO IipOnymeHLI
apxeTHne 2-H H 3-H peflaKi^n. IIpeflnojiojKHTb opaTHoe - HTO OHH hbjihiotc
BCTaBKO B C 5 9 1 - HecpaBHeHHo TpyflHee. PacnpocrpaHHiomHe npeflJlOiKeHP.
BCTaBKH otiHHO MBaiOT oflHopoflHbiMH HJieHaMH npenjioKeHHH n
OTHOUieHHK) K y>Ke HMeiOIHHMCH, H eCJIH 6bl 3TO BIJia BCTaBKa, HyMCHO LIJl
6bi oxHflaTb B He He wAepHCH/vvfe BUTM (rjje, 3aMeTHM, HenjieHHoe npn i iacTB
wAepjKHM-fe corjiacoBaHO B pojje, HHCJie H naneace c onpeflejiaeMbi
eymeCTBHTejibHbiM TBAPM), a Hero-To Bponectpaaath H... [rhiBNoyTH].
2. BCAraSKIKIilcnce 6V"A(r)AMb M Kpi|JHA\b. B'bBOA^

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1 6 8 6 2 - 5 . IlponymeHHoe bo Bcex cniicKax, KpoMe C 5 9 1 , yKa3aTejibHO


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KC6A\b' A\npc ecTb. a cnc6M bt BOYA^i^HM'h irbivfc 1 7 3 a l 8 - 2 2 . Becb 3 t o t riacca:
nocTpoeH Ha aHTHTe3ax, npnneM aHTHTe3a BTOporo npefljioaceHHH (wnpABAAMe
cnceNe) oirapaeTC Ha aHTHT63y nepBoro (bt iv-A'kHX'i - bt. xpCc)TANbi(H)x'h). Ee
nponymeHHbix cjiob bch 3Ta KOHCTpyKipui pacnaflaeTca.
4. r,pAT"b ero mchm boam ero e x a c t l 174a4. TaK b hcxoahom HJiecKOi
TeKCTe, cp. vecbieQO [Xit,(ijv a v r o 'oxai (EMT. 4 8 , 1 9 ) .
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\pA0HthUI6. WRT'bLUAEt LUAA 3ABHCTI0 IV*AHCKOIO. HOBAA A6p?KATb. 110 lipopOHhCTB,
ICAHH/Y, B6TXAA MHMOHAOUJA H HOBAA BAM1 B,b3B'fcl|JAI0 174al219. H a TO, HTO CJIOBa
bch btxaa WAO/Khuie hmhho nponymeHbi b flpyrnx cnncKax, a He BCTaBJieHbi
C 5 9 1 , yKa3biBaeT coxpaHHBHieeca bo mhofhx cnncKax OKOHHaHHe cp. p. mh. *
y npHHacTHa wBeT-hWAB-bWAA, xoTopoe b s t h x cnncKax He corjiacyeTca
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noflxiepKHyTbix cjiob CMbiai c>pa3bi t 3 k o b , h t o ccbiJiKa Ha npoponecTBo Hcan
noflTBepxnaeT CKa3aHHoe Bbirne. Ee3 3Toro npeflJioxeHHH CMbiai nojiynaeTc
hhoh, h ccbiJiKa Ha Hcanio ct3hobhtch HeyMecTHOH.

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HTO 3Ta OLHHKa He3aBHCHMbIM 0pa30M nOBTOpaeTCa B HHTH CHHCKaX 2-1
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HeT, X O T H , cTporo roBopa, HHcJopMai^Ha o iiOBTOpHOM opameHHH rejjeoHa
C0flepMTCH flajiee B ero cjiOBax: " H e nporHeBanca Ha MeH, ecjiH eiu,e pa3
CKaacy" (Cya. 6, 39). H o C J I O B O haku H C O X O A H M O npexfle Bcero fljia
ycTaHOBJieHHH C B J O H C npeflinecTByioineH c|)pa30H o TefleoHe peCn) reAewH-h KT
B * . . . (Cyfl. 6, 39), nocKOJibKy 3Ta nepBaa cf>pa3a oTjjejieHa OT BTopo
pa3BepHyTMM cpaBHeHHeM a3biHecTBa c cynitio, a ojKbe JiaronaTH - c
XBHTeJIbHOH BJiarOH.
7. B1K^CHBT> WIJTA H 31>AMH. A* CAACTNA(A)rO BT*KiKUIHA AAAMOBA 6>K6

AP^BA

np-kcTnAHe H rp'k(x). BTKXUIHEMI ropecTH npcoKeneTi 17761417. O T M E N A A


CJIOAKHOCTB 3Toro npeflJi03KeHH$i, JI. Miojuiep yTBepxflaeT, H T O B C591 O H O
coxpaHHJiocb B npaBHJibHOM BHFLE [Mrojuiep 1962, 81]. HeKOTOpyK) TpyflHOCTb
C03flaeT He B H O J I H C obiHHbm JPRA cjiaBaHCKoro CHHTaiccHca nopaflOK CJIOB ( A B C
HHBepCHH B HpHflaTOHHOM HpeflJIOXHHH, cp. nO-pyCCKH: "... HTObl
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AflaMOBa OT flpeBa"), He noHHTbiH nepenHCHHKaMH, KOTOpbie nonbiTajiHCb ero
ynpocTHTb. OflHaKO H E T C O M H C H H H B T O M , H T O KOHCTpyKHH 3Ta C H H T 3 K C H I I E C K H npaBHJibHa H CTHjmcTHHecKH Bbipa3HTeJibHa. OTcyTCTBHe nonnepKHyTbix CJIOB ynpomaeT ee CTpyKTypy, H O 3aTeMHaeT CMBICJI.
H OtfHCe N6 KAIIHl|l ChTOHHHO ChrpA/KAACAU. HT \BbI UpKBH 3H>KAA\b 1 8 1 A 8 - 1 0 .
OnpefleneHHe CLTONHMO HBJiaeTca HeoxoflHMbiM ajieMeHTOM aHTHTe3bi:
eTaHHHeKoe xaimme - XpHCTOBbi ijepKBH; npn S T O M npOTHBonocraBJieHHbie
cjiOBOCOlieTaHHa KAIIHI^JC CKTOHHHO - XBW HPKBM o6pa3yioT xna3M, KOTOpbr
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9. BCA CTPAHHI BADPHIH BIT HDUIH II0A\HA0BA 181al718. N P H T H > K A T E J I B H O E


MecTOHMeHHe 3Recb 4>aKyjibTaTHBHO, H KaK pa3 STO H n03B0JiaeT coMHeBaTbca
B BO3MOJKHOCT0 ero no3flHeHiiiero BHeceHH B T C K C T . KpOMe Toro, CTHJIIO C 3 B
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182a34; NMTE B NauiMX NOHTE. IIOHTC UPBH Hauie/\i8 NOHTE 18361415,


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10. Ne TpHACCATH CpCBpA B 'h 3 H A\ d 6 A\ h HA HMb. HT Ap'y>r'b AP<* H BCb HHBOTT


NAUIH TOMJK NP-KAACMH 182613-16. N P H T A A C A T E J I B H O E M E C T O H M E H H E 3flecb
Heo6xoflHMO no CMbicny.
11. MOAHMT B A . . . NAnpABHTH HU HA n^Tb SAIIOB'feAIH 6r0 183a7... 10.
MecTOHMeHHe 3,qecb Heo6xoflHMO no CMbicjiy.

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12. AA HCIlOB'feAflTCA TOBj, AIOA6 B?K6 A<* HCIIOB'liA^TCA TOB'fe AIO(am)6 BCH. ,
BT3BCAATCA M BTi3pA(A)lfK '''CA laSblUH 1 8 3 6 5 - 9 . T a K B HCXOflHOM TKCT
n c a j i T H p H ( F i e . 6 6 , 4 - 5 ) . r a n j i o r p a ( J > H H e c K H H n p o n y c K o f l H o r o H3 flB}
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13. 1I0MT6 B* NAIUCA/VX nOHT. I10HT6 UpBH HAI1IA\8 II0HT6 18361415. T a K


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(Hc. 51,4).
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noA\nuKTCA hkih6 H cAOB^Th 1 8 4 6 2 1 - 1 8 5 a 4 . OTcyTCTBHe flonojiHeHHa y r j i a r o j i
nOMHHAIOTCA CHHTaKCHHeCKH flOnyCTHMO, OflHaKO 3TO H3MeHaeT CMbICJI B c e r
npefljioaceHHH, TaK KaK B STOM c J i y n a e 06cT0HTejibCTB0 MecTa BT ctpanax
A\HorA(x) OTXOflHT K CKa3yeMOMy IIOMHNAIOTCA: " M y x e c T B O M H x p a 6 p o e r b i
np0CJiaBHJiHCb, BO M H o r n x c x p a H a x H b m e noMHHaioTCH H npocJiaBJiaiOTca'
HMCHHO noTOMy, HTO BHeceHHe a r a x CJIOB B TCKCT 6biJio 6bi conpjDKeHO
H3MCIieHIICM CTpyKTypbl npeflJlOXCHHH, TpyflHO npeflnOJIOJKHTb, MTObl OH
MorjiH 6biTb BCTaBJieHbi B C 5 9 1 HJIH npeflinecTByiomHH ^My OIHCOK. B a s a *
TaioKe, HTO a r a cjioBa O T p a x a i O T XHByio naMHTb 06 H r o p e H CBHTOCJiaBe B<
BpeMeHa MjiapHOHa, B c o o 6 m e H H H x o j i e e n o 3 f l H e r o BpeMeHH TaKHe cjioBa h
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17. BckMli EUT H XP(C)THAH0A\1. MAAhlH(flO H BAHKblHAVH pABOAVh M CB0RC>AHWH(A\
MHhlH(M) H CTAphln(M) BOiapOAM H npOCThlH(\) BrATblH(<Yv) H OYBOrhIHAVh 1 8 6 6 6 - 1 0
Jl.oKasaTejibCTBOM flpeBHOCTH n o f l n e p K H y T b i x CJIOB cjiyacHT a p x a H n e c K o <
OKOHnaHHe -oAVh y c y m e c T B H T e j i b H o r o BoiapoMi H C T a p o e TepMHHOJiorHHecKOi
3Ha ieHHe, B KOTOPOM ynoTpeJiaeTCH 3flecb CJIOBO npocThiH: 'npocTOJiiOflHH
iejiOBeK, npHHaflJiejKamH K npocTOMy H a p o f l y ' [ G i P f l X I - X V I I BB., 20, c
233].
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18. MANACTbipBG HA rpA()() CTAUUA. HpN0pH3hUH lABHOIACA 1 8 7 a l 8 - 2 0 . 3 T H CJIOB

Mor HanncaTb TOJibKO o i ieBHflen oiracbiBaeMbix cobiTHH.

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TOJIbKO 0 PyCH. B H3MCH6HH0M BHfle 3T0 CJTOBO COXpaHHJIOCb B "3KHTHH


C u M e o H a " (CTecJ)aHa I H e M a i r a ) , HanncaHHOM Ha 0CH0Be C 3 B
M O H A X O M , 0 , O M e H T H a H O M B 1 2 6 4 r . : IAKO TBOHA\K

EOROAIOEMKAVB no

eepCKHM
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TBOKrO OTbHbCTBA XPHCTD CAABHTH HABblKO^OAVH [DAILICIC 1865, C. 33].


20. HNH(H). BHA'BBUJE ero H6 B*kpOBAUUA. Tbl (?K) H6 BHA'kB'b B*kpOBA. IIOHCTHH'k BblCc)
HA TEST BAKEHBCTBO R ICA 188al418. MexaHHHecKHH n p o n y c K B a p x e r a n e 2-H H
3-H peflaimHH, Bbi3BaHHbi exoflCTBOM coceflCTByioiipx npeflJioaceHHH. B e 3
nofl l iepKHyTbix CJIOB paccyacfleirae aBTopa JinniaeTca JiorHHecKoro 3BeHa.
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wkMhlHyh fAIOTb. WrHA HA XArtAT HpHAArA6A\A. MpTBblH^ BTiCTAIOTb 18861621. 3 t H
cnoBa

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M3rON6LUTA, H lipOKAttfHbie OMHLUTAIOUITA [J^aHHCHC 1865, C. 34].


22. NOCAA Bii A\npT en ce NIA PA(AH) B'H3AIOBA6MARO CHA caoer 1 8 9 a l 2 - 1 3 . Y T p a T a
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cBoero. CymecTBHTejibHoe cncenne H3 OCTOHTEJIBCTBA IJEJIH npeBpaTHJiocb B
npHMoe AonoJiHeHHe, a n p i M o e FLONOJMEHHE BI3AIOBAEHARO CHA CBoero -

H e c o r j i a c o B a H H o e o n p e f l e j i e H H e . B TaKOM BHfle n p e f l J i o x e H H e yrpa^iHBaeT


nepBOHanajibHbiH CMbiai.
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TOKMO np^CA) MeAOB-feKbl. KO AH KO Tbl nOXBAACHli W Mero H A\ A LU II BhITM 19061015.


3 f l e c b NOFLPA3YMEBAETCA, 6e3ycjiOBHO, He BOC>6me n o x B a j i a , a n o x B a n a OT
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OOCHOBATB,

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ero O^E

noneMy

nponycK

STO

H H poc A I*B A A G A\H. X B A A H M A A P O

Arr-Ai BecnpecTAHH 1 6 8 6 6 - 9 Hananne cjiOBa ero B C 5 9 1 BnoJiHe yMecTHO, c flpyro


cropoHbi, ero OTcyrcTBHe B ocTajibHbix cnwcKax Toace flonycTHMO.
OflHaKO n0Ka3aTejibH0 cooTHomeHHe KOJiHnecTBa M KanecTBa nponycKO
B

apxeTHne coxpaHHBiiraxca

CIIHCKOB

2-ik H 3-H pejjaKijHH C 3 B

KOJiHHecTBa

KanecTBa BCTaBOK, KOTOpbie MorjiH 6bi CBHfleTeJibCTBOBaTb o nponycK


AYTEHTHHHORO

TexcTa

C591. TaKHX cjiynaeB KpaHe

Majio -

YKBAJIBM

eflHHHI^bl, npH 3T0M IipefllIOJIOJKHTeJIbHO nponymeHHblMH OKa3bIBaK>TCH


i

He3Ha iHTejibHbie,

B OCHOBHOM

cjiy>Ke6Hbie 3JieMeHTbi

[MOJINOBAH

JIHIII

1982, c. 236

237].
3 T O

no6y>KflaeT c

OCOWM

BHHMamieM OTHOCHTbCH

HanncaHHHM C 5 9

Aa>Ke Torfla, Korjja OHH Ha nepBbi B3rnsm Kaacyrca HcnopneHHbiMH.


TaK, H3naTejiaMH C591 cjienyiomHM 06pa30M npOHHTbiBajiacb (J)pa3a ei|i
H Oy(c) BAKA)TI OyKp-fellHAA BAAUI6. HT AoramecA 17161012 [P030B 1963
MojiflOBaH 1982, CyMHHKOBa 1986]2. npeflnojiarajiocb, HTO oy(c) - 3TO
(aop. efl. 3 JI.), a oyKp-biiMAA -

STO

ncKaxceHHoe yKp-kn-feAA. IlepeBOfl

STOH

(J)pa3b

TJiacHJi: "BjiaroflaTb e m e He ycnejia oKpenHyTb, HO nuTajiacb rpyflbio:


[CyMHHKOBa

1986, c.47]. K a K

npn

STOM

coe^HHHTb

njiK)CKBaMnep(|)eKTOM yKp-feii'fcAd B A A U J C , 6biJio HeacHO,

aopHCT ycn-fe
(|>pa3a CHHTajiaa

HcnopiieHHo. Kom>eKTypa oyKp-kn-bAA KaK 6yflTO noflTBepjKflaeTCH HTeHHeft


2-h peflaKi;im: h eijie baKa)

N yxp'kirbAA (Bap. oyKpkimrta, oyKp-kiinAdCA

oYKpenACHA) BAAtue. CnHCKH 3-H peflaKHHH, 3a


2

HCKJIIOHEHHEM

ee apxaHiecKoi

H 3 n a H H H A . B . T o p c K o r o [ F o p c K H H 1 8 4 4 ] , n e p e n e n a T a H H O M JI. M f O J U i e p O M [Miille

1 9 6 2 ] , T e K C T C 5 9 1 C H J I B H O HOicaxceH K O H T e K T y p H O H n p a B K O H . B H S C T H O C T H , Y K A I A H H O T
MeCTO

MHTaeTCfl B H e M

TaK:

H ei|l BAArOAATh

ne

yKp"kll"krt4 (ikikUie,

HO A^artllieCH l|l<

[ r o p c K H H 1 8 4 4 , c. 25-26]. I l e p e B O f l JI. M i o j u i e p a : " D a w a r d i e G n a d e [ z u n c h s t ] n o c t


i m m e r nicht krftig g e w o r d e n , s o n d e r n w u r d e n o c h m i t M i l c h g e n h r t " [ M l l e r 1 9 7 1 , S
2 6 ] . I l e p e B O f l H A aHTJiHHCKHH H 3 > I K B 3 T 0 M M e c r e 6 o j i e e cBoofleH: " G r c e h a d n o t ye1
g r o w n strong, b u t w a s s u c k l e d . . . " [Franklin 1 9 9 1 , p . 6].

x e HTeHHe: H eipe BAKA)TI N otf K P^ N I F A A C A BAUIC...


B c e 3TO, Ka3ajiocb, cBHfleTejibCTByeT o TOM, HTO oJiee jjpeBHee HTeHHe
coflepxaT CHHCKH 2-H H 3-H penaKipt. Measfly TeM npH npaBHJitHOM
cjioBOflejieHHH npoJieMM c HTeimeM S T O H 4>pa3bi B C591 OTnajjaiOT: eqie ne oy(c) BAr(A>Tb oifKp-knHAA BAAUJ6... 3flecb oy HBJIAETCA HapenneM B P E M E H H , B
CONETAHHH c m (HB o\f) OHO HMejio 3HaneHHe 'eiu;e He, flo CHX nop He', eMy
C O O T B E T C T B Y I O T rpen. OTJJO, ojto, o E'frd-tD H np. [Miklosich, p. 1029; Cp3.
3, c. 1107; CC, c. 719]. 3 T O f, HecoMHeHHO, BIJIO eine B T O M He flomejjmeM flo
Hac E N H E K E 6 2-H peflaKipra, KOTOpbi flaji Hanano 3-H pejjaKijHH [MoJiflOBaH
1984, c. 33]; LIJIO OHO H B peKOHcrpyHpyeMOM cnncKe e, K KOTOpOMy BOCXOHHT
H3BecTHbie HaM CHHCKH 3-H penaKipui. O 3TOM TOBOpHT coxpaHeHHe e r o B
apxaBraecKOH B E T B H S T O H peflaiojHH, cyfla no HTCHHHM cnncKOB S T O H BeTBH:
K n p l 3 4 : NE F Ce) BAKA)TI MFKP-FEIIHAACA ( ! ) BALUC; My39091 H Y B p l 5 7 : NS F ACE
BAr(A)Tb OlfKp'bnHAA (YB P 157 OYKp-fellHAACA) BAUI6.
BeTBH, c o f l e p j K a T n o m u T a x o e

n p H TaKOM cjioBonejieHHH B C 5 9 1 OTnajjaeT HeoxoAHMoeTb B


KOHteKType o^Kp-kn^AA, HOCKOJi&Ky Ce)... otfKp-bnHAA - 3T0 oifKp-knHAA CA. B nejiOM
(|>pa3a nepeBOflHTca cjieflyiomHM 0pa30M: " T o r ^ a e m e JiaroflaTb He
OKpemia, HO MJiafleBraecTBOBajia".
TaKHM 0 p a 3 0 M BBIHCHXETCH, HTO H B S T O M M e c r e c n n c o K C591 H e TOJIBKO
He H c n o p n e H , HO, H a n p o T H B , c o x p a n n e T H a n o j i e e HpeBHHH T e x c r C 3 B .
B

flpyroM

MecTe

C3B

BceM

H3flaTejiHM

Ka3ajiocb

HcnopneHHbiM

1 9 0 a 5 - 6 . O H O n p e f l c r a B J i a e T COOH
i p r r a i y H3 HaK. 2, 13 (cp. xaxaxavxtxai 'Xeo XQiaoew, B pyc. nepeBOfle
n p e f l J i o a H H e WHAOCTI XBAAHTCA HA CO^A-K

"MHJIOCTb npeB03H0CHTCH Hafl CyflOM"). B o B c e x OCTaJIbHblX CHHCKaX C 3 B - HA


COYAT- H a n H c a H H a a

Ha o c H O B e

C3B

JieTonncHaa

"IIoxBajia

BuaflHMHpy

BacHJibKOBHMy" B H n a T b e B C K O M e n n e x e n p e f l C T a B J i a e T BapHaHT HA CO^A^, HO B


XjieHHKOBCKOM c n n c K e o H a p y x H B a e T C i o j i e e p a H H e e H a n n c a H H e HA C<R(A), B
KOTOPOM K BbiHOCHOMy C A ) > n o 3 f l H e e n p H n n c a H O 4 ; OTCiOfla B I l 0 r 0 f l H H C K 0 M
cnncKe -

HA EXCA*K) [ H n a T . , c . 9 1 5 ] .

H3flaHHH T o p c K o r o

HTeHHe

C591

H c n p a B J i e H o : MMAOC-RB XBAAHTC* HA CIFA'K [ T o p c K H H 1 8 4 4 , c . 4 3 ] , B TaKOM BHfle


n e p e n e n a T a H o M K w i J i e p o M [ M l l e r 1 9 6 2 , S . 1 1 4 ] . 3 T O c o o T B e T C T B y e T HTCHKIO
X B A A H T C A MHAOCTH HA
[ B H J I H H , C.

cHHOflajibHoro u;epK0BH0CJiaBHHCK0r0 TeKCTa BHJIHH

1484], K O T o p b m c o x p a H a e T 3 f l e c b

TCKCT O C T P O X C K O H

BHJIHH

[ O c r p . BHJIHH], B CBOIO o i e p e f l b B 0 c n p 0 H 3 B 0 f l m e H reHHaflHeBCKyio BHJIHK


1499

R. B

REHHAFLHEBCKOH

flpeBHemeM

B H J I H H : X^AAMT^CA MHAOCTI*

HA C^A^ 3 - OFLHAKO B

aiaBHHCKOM T e K C T e A n o c r o j i a n p e f l e r a B J i e H O T a K o e x c e HTeHHe,

K a K H B C 5 9 1 , c p . XBAAHT 5 c e A\[H]A[O]CTB HA CCKFAK B l i l H i n a T O B a i J K O M

[Sis., p. 92].
3

T A K H M OPASOM

BbiHCHHeTCH,

HTO

anOCTOJie

C591 npeflcraBJiHeT flpeBHenniee

D,HT. n o H3AaHHio: EHJIHH 1 4 9 9 rofla n BHJIHH B cHHOflajitHOM nepeBOfle. B 1 0 T. T . 8.

M., 1992, c.114.

lunauoan
HTEHHE, B KOTOPOM rjiaroji XBAAHTHCA

ynpaBJiaeT

HE MCTHLIM, a BHHHT6JII>HI>I

nafleacoM KoeBeHHoro flonojraeHHH, cp. aHajiorHHHbi n p H M e p B CHHOflajibHO


UEPKOBHOCJIABHHCKOM TEKCTE: NE ^BAAHCA HA B^TEH. AIPE AH E XB<MHUIHCA, NS T
KOPENH NOCHUIH, MO KOPENH T6B P H M . 1 1 , 1 8

(cp.

JXT)

xaxaxauxt

TJV

xXcov,

py

nepeBOjje " H e npeB03H0CHCt nepefl BCTBJIMH").

B ITpeAJIOJKeHHH TBOd 60 qjeApOTM H MHAOCThINA. M NN*b BT MAB4*kxi nOMMHAM


C/RTb. nAM6 te npeA Brom-h M ArrAOMi ero 189619-22 CIIHCKH 2-H H 3-H peflaKijHH,
TaKxe HanHcaHHoe Ha 0CH0Be C 3 B ")KHTHe CHMeoHa" H "IloxBaji
BnaflHMHpy BacHJiLKOBHMy", coflepxcaT BapnaHT arreAbi. B H3flaHHH TopcKor
HTeHHe C591 ncnpaBJieHo: "... npeA B o r o M t H AHrejibi E r o " [FopcKHH 1844,
43], C00TBeTCTBeHH0, B nepeBOfle JI. Miojijiepa: "...vor G o t t und seine
Engeln" [Millier 1971, S. 46]; B nepeBOfle T.A. CyMHHKOBO: "...npejj BoroM
aHrejiaMH e r o " [CyMHHKOBa 1986, c. 57], B nepeBone C. OpaHKJiHHa: "...befor
God and His angels" [Franklin 1991, p. 22]. H TOJILKO nepeBOfl A. lOpieHK
opneHTHpyeTca Ha CBHfleTejibCTBO C591: " n p e a BoroM H aHrejioM e r o
[lOpneHKO 1997, c. 49]. HeT HIIKJIKHX 0CH0BaHHH HcnpaBJiHTb S T O HTeHHe n
ApyrHM enHeKaM. B TeKCTe E H J I H H aHreJibi n a u j e Bcero BbiCTynaiOT
eflHHCTBeHHOM HHCJie (cp. " H noKa3aji OH MHe Hncyca, BejiHKoro n e p e j
CToamero nepejj AHrejioM rocnoflHHM, H caTaHy, c r o a m e r o no npaByio pyK
ero..." (3ax. 3 , 1 ) H flp.). IlocjiaHHHK flrae npeflcraBJiaeT e r o caMoro, n03T0M
B HJIECKOM N 0 B E C T B 0 B A H H H AHREJI HHorfla cMeuiHBaeTca c Jlree [XpHCT
naHCTBO, c.73-74] 4 .
B npeflJIOXeHHH llpHIAUlA ero, A*CTb HA\T BAACTh MAAOWh B/KMAXIt BbITH B"fcp<
ero 175618-21 ( H H 1 , 1 2 ) Bce cnncKH 2-H H 3-ii PEFLAKHHH ]
")KHTHe CHMeoHa" coflepxaT HTeHHe B-FAPOYIOIIJMM'II. 3aMeHa apxaHHHori
cJiOBOCOHeTaHHH K'KPFT> MVTH (cooTBeTCTByiomero r p e n . jrioxeveiv) Ha 6ojie<
no3flHee B-BPOBATM OTpaxeHa y x e B CTAPOCJIABHHCKHX naMHTHHKax, :
HaCTHOCTH, B 3TOH H H T 3 T E H3 H H 1, 12 BCe FLPEBHEHHIHE CIIHCKH EBaHreJIHi
npeflCTaBJiaioT TOJibKO BapnaHT B-BPXK>4IMAVT/B-KPO\'IIKI4IM'H [EBaHrejine H H
1998, c. 3]. TaKHM 06pa30M, C591 coflep>KHT yHHKajibHoe CBHfleTejibCTBo <
TOM, HTO B He flOffleflHrax flo Hac eBaHreubCKHX cnncKax X I B. B STOM MecT<
6biJio HTeHHe B-KPOY RAUITHUAVI. B apyrnx MecTax EBaHreJiHH 3TO CJIOBO
coneTaHHe coxpaHHJiocb jiynme [CP, c. 324], B. Hrnn, oTMenaa coxpaHeHHt
r
B-KP IATH B coBpeMeHHQM CJIQBEHCKOM v e r j e t i - v e r j a m e m , npHBOflH
RAUI *TMHMT BT HA\A

B CBH3H c 3THM npeflCTaBJiaeT HHTepec B C3B 3iiH30fl oroaBJieHHH B MaMpe

c o r j i a c H O BHJIHH ( B U T . 1 8 , 2 ) , A B p a a M y HBHJIHCB T p n a H r e j i a ( ' T p n Myxca', XQE

vQe), H ABpaaM npHTCie BT cpkTeue WAH W ABepeH c-FCHH CBOA H (IOKAONHCA A 36MAI
[BHJIHH]. B H 3 J i o x e H H H H j i a p H O H a STO Mecrro NEPE(J)PA3NP0BAH0 TAK, HTO ROBOPHTC

TOJIBKO O Bore: TKT BT CpliT6He

CBOK. 171a8-ll.

MM.

H IIOKAONHCA

CMOy

A 36A\A-K. H NPATT

BT KOYUITO

eflHHHMHbie npHMepbi H3 apeBHHx cnncKOB Anocrojia [Jagic 1913, S. 285],


BCTpenaeTca OHO TAIOKE B CynpacjibCKOH pyKOimcH H HK. flp. [CC, c. 165].
3aKOHOMepHO, HTO 3AMEHA E-kpcnf EIIIITHHAVH Ha B-KPYK>I|JMIWT b i J i a o c y m e c r B J i e H a

yace HA caMOH paimen CTAFLHH nepenHCKH C 3 B . B TO x e BpeMH OHeBHflHO, HTO


o p a r a a a 3AMEHA -

o j i e e HOBOH cf>opMbi B-KPCKFIOIIJHM'H HA

apxaaiecKoe

CJIOBOCOH6TaHH6 B"kpo\f iauiTHHA\T - bIJia H6B03M02KHa, B HaCTHOCTH, H HOTOMy,

HTO OHa npoTHBOpeHHJia 6BI coBpeMeHHOMy nepenncHHKaM C 3 B eBaHreJibCKOMy T e K c r y .


BbicoKaa creneHb coxpaHHoenH npeBHero TeKcra B C591 npoaBJiaeTca H B
MojiHTBe HjiapHOHa, KOTOpaa B 3TOM cnncKe cjie^yeT 3a C 3 B . B
npeflJIOJKeHHH C'hrp'kuiHXOfln H 3A AA CbTBOpHXOAXT. N Ch BAK>ACX0Ml1 NH
ChTBOpHXOMTi. I3K0H6 3dnOB*kAA NAMT. 196a2119663 - HT6HHC ChTBOpHXOMT Ha
nepBbra B3rjian KaxeTca OIHHKOH. TeM He MeHee JI. Miojuiep, yKa3WBaa 3flecb
BapHaHT coxpANHxoM'h no cimcKy P H B , Co(J). 236, cnpaBeflJiHBO 3aMenaeT: "EflBa
JIM npeflnoHTHTejibHee. HasepHoe, H3MeHeHO, MTObi H3excaTb noBTopeHHH
CJIOB. Ho cbTBopHxoM-h no CBoeMy 3HHeHHio nonxoflHT JiyMine. IIoBTOp mo^kt
biTb HaMepeHHbiM" [Muller 1962, S. 133]. C00TBeTCTBeHH0 B nepeBOfle JI.
MOJiJiepa: "Wir haben nicht gehalten und getan" [Muller 1971, S. 54]. B
nepesofle T . A . CyMmiKOBoft: "He COJIKWIH, ne cdeAa.au, KaK 3anoBeflaji HaM"
[CyMHHKOBa 1986, C. 60]. K TOMy, HTO CTTBpHXA\Ti - 3TO OHIHKa, H
npaBHJibHoe HTemae - c-hXpAHHxoM'h, CKJIOHHIOTCH B CBOHX nepeBOflax C.
OPAHKHHH H A. JDpneHKo: " W e have neither performed nor preserved what
Thou hast commanded us" [Franklin 1991, p. 27]; " H e COJIIOJIH, He coxpamum
Toro, HTO 3anOBenaji HaM TBI" [KDpHeHKo 1997]. M e x ^ y TeM HTeHHe
CHTBOPHXOMI BCTpenaeTCH, KpoMe C591, ein;e no MeHbineH Mepe B Tpex ciracKax
npocTpaHHo penaKUHH (PHB, Knp.-Beji. 58/1135, JI. 94-97; P r B , Tp.-Cepr.
350, JI. 192-195o6.; P r B , Tp.-Cepr. 284, JI.58O6.-61); BapnaHT COXPANHXOM-K
TaKxe npeflCTaBJieH no MeHbineH Mepe B flByx cimcKax npocTpaHHon penaioinn
( P r B , Tp.-Cepr. 224, JI.334-337 H picn. IIonbCKOH HaiyOHajibHOH HJIHOTCKH,
cop. rpeKO-yHHaTCKoro KanHTyjia N 2736, JI. 396-399o6.). BepoHTHO, K
c n n c K a M 3TOH r p y n n b i H BOCXOAHT KPATKAA PEUAKIPRA MOJIHTBM, B KOTOPON

npeoJiaflaeT TreHHe CXPANMXOAVT [P030B 1975]. BapnaHT CTBPHX<><W


OTMenaiOTCH TOJibKO B OflHOM cnncKe KpaTKOH penaKHHH - P H B , Coc}). 702
(JI. 1 4 7 - 1 5 0 ) , r n e , B e p o ^ r a o , HBJIHCTCH PE3YJIBTATOM OIUHKH: MEXAHHHECKHM

noBTopoM npeflinecTByiomero cJiOBa COTBPHXM. npaBHJibHOCTb htchhh


cnncKOB npocTpaHHon peflaKiijHH C 3 B noRKpenJiaeTca cjieflyioniHM
4>parMeHTOM HpeBHeinero nepeBOfla )KHTHH BacHJina HoBoro: NE MOMCH AH

ivnat/Ddii
BdMTi 3AK0NA A^CTb. H\/K6 nOECA'b BAIOCTM M TBOpHTH. NH CbGi\K>AUJA NH ChTEOpMlIJA. I
np6CT0YnA\Mf H H8Bp'k>K(^0Y H WBpAI|]AXVCA. pOAT ASKABM H HpertlOBOA'liHUH EblBAXOy.
5

AMTepaTypa a coKpameHMH
EHJIHH

BHJIHHCKHH 1 9 1 1

ropCKHH 1844

EBAHREJIHE H H .

HnaT.
Knp 134
MojiflOBaH 1982
MojiflBaH 1984
My39091

Tlucanua Bemxozo u
Hoeozo 3aeema. Ha u,epKoeHOc/iaenHCKOM nsbiice. <
napaAAesibHbiMU MecmaMu. POCCHHCKOC BNJIEHCKO
06ni;ecTB0. M., 1997 (penpHHT 2-ro H3flaHHa
CHHOAajibHOH THnorpa(J)HH B CaHKT.-IIeTepypre,
1900 r).
BHJIHHCKHH C.I\ jKumue ce. BacuAua Hoeozo e
pyccKou Aumepamype. H. II. TeKcro>i JKHTHH. Oflecc;
1911.
[ropcKHH A.B.] HaMHTHHKHflyxBHOHnHTepaTypw
BpGMCH BejiHKoro KHH3H flpocnaBa I II npuaejieHiu
K meopeHUHM ceambix omu,oe e pyccKOM nepeeode.
M., 1844, H. 2.
EeameAue om Hoanna e CAaeaHCKou mpadui^uu. P3
noflroT. A.A. AneKceeB H np. CII6,1998.
HnaTbeBCKaa jieTonncb. H3fl. 2. CII6., 1908 (IIOJIHOI
copaHHe pyccKHx JieTOirace, T.2).
PHB, Knp.-Beji. 134/1211, CopHHK
NATPNCTHHECKHH, nocji. NETB. XV B., 4,254 JI.
OTPLIBOK C 3 B -244o6.-253o6.
MojiflOBaH A.M. OJIOBO O 3AKOHE H naronara
(ConocraBJieHHe CIIHCKOB) II Mcmopun pyccKozo
R3biKa. HccAedoeanuH u meiccmbi. M., c. 227-61.
MojiflOBaH A.M. CAOBO O 3Kone u Acizodama
HAapuoHa. K., 1984.
P r E , My3. JM 9091COpHHK HOyHCHHH H TOnKOBaHHH,
2-a non. XV B., 1,218 JI. OrpMBOK C3B - 203r-208a.
BHJIHH KHUZU CEMNEHHOZO

UHT. no cnHcicy PITB, (J). 98, Erop.162,1-a non. XV B., JI. 926-B (=BHJIHHCKHH 1911, c
478). npHHomy JiaronapHOCTB T.B.IeHTKOBCKOH 3A npeflocTaBJieHHyio MH(
5

BO3MO^CHOCTI> Hcnojn>30BaTb KOMra>K)TepHbii Haop SToro cnncKa.

Miojmep 1976

MiOJiJiep JI. 1976. B3aHMOOTHOiiieHHa Meatfly


onyJiHKOBaHHLiMH

CNNCKAMH C j i o B a o 3AKOHE H

JiaronaTH H l l o x B a j i b i BjianHMHpy MHTponojiHTa


H j i a p H O H a II Ky/ibmypnoe

OcTp.

nacnedue

JXpeeue

Pycu.

M . , c. 3 7 2 - 7 9 .
BHJiHa

EHBAA,

ciipk'IH

P030B1975

B6T\aro

KIUIT'H

Noearo SATtira no

M3HU<S

OoTOTHnHHecKoe B0cnp0H3Be;qeHHe

CAOBBNCKS.

H3aHHH 1 5 8 1

r. M . - J I . , 1988.

nucame/in

eeica Hjiapuoua

P030B H.H. M.3 meopnecKozo


XI

nacjiedua

pyccKozo

II D i s s e r t a t i o n e s

Slavicae. I X - X . Szeged, 1 9 7 5 .
C591

TUM.

CNPH XI-XVII BB.

Cjioeapb

CP

C H H . Ne 5 9 1 , CopHHK, 2 - a non. X V B., 4 , 2 1 3 J I .

COHHHHHH HjiapHOHa pyccKozo

2000- 1-25. M.
Cmapo'bJizapcKu

Cp3.

CmapocjiaeHHCKu

CyMHHKOBa

1986

1994.

MamepuaJlbl

djlH

a3biKa. T . 1 - 3 .

dpeeuepyccKOzo

eeKoe).

ee.

Bbin. 1 9 7 5 -

1999. T. 1. CO<J>HH.

peHHUK.

Cp63H6BCKHH H . H .

C C

JI.68-203.

n3biica XI-XVII

cjioeapb

cjioeapn

CI6.1893-1912.

(no pyKonucaM

XXI

M .

HdeH.o-<pwioco(pcKoe

nacjiedue

Hnapuona

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