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BRITISH STANDARD

Non-destructive
testing
Penetrant testing

Licensed Copy: Tom Magee, Howden Power, 31 May 2003, Uncontrolled Copy, (c) BSI

Part 3: Reference test blocks

The European Standard EN ISO 3452-3:1998 has the status of a


British Standard

ICS 19.100

BS EN ISO
3452-3:1999

BS EN ISO 3452-3:1999

Licensed Copy: Tom Magee, Howden Power, 31 May 2003, Uncontrolled Copy, (c) BSI

National foreword
This British Standard is the English language version of EN ISO 3452-3:1998.
It is identical with ISO 3452-3:1998.
The UK participation in its preparation was entrusted to Technical Committee
WEE/46, Non-destructive testing, which has the responsibility to:
aid enquirers to understand the text;
present to the responsible international/European committee any
enquiries on the interpretation, or proposals for change, and keep the UK
interests informed;
monitor related international and European developments and
promulgate them in the UK.
A list of organizations represented on this committee can be obtained on
request to its secretary.
Cross-references
Attention is drawn to the fact that CEN and CENELEC standards normally
include an annex which lists normative references to international
publications with their corresponding European publications. The
British Standards which implement these international or European
publications may be found in the BSI Standards Catalogue under the section
entitled International Standards Correspondence Index, or by using the
Find facility of the BSI Standards Electronic Catalogue.
A British Standard does not purport to include all the necessary provisions of
a contract. Users of British Standards are responsible for their correct
application.
Compliance with a British Standard does not of itself confer immunity
from legal obligations.

Summary of pages
This document comprises a front cover, an inside front cover, pages i and ii,
the EN ISO title page, pages 2 to 8, an inside back cover and a back cover.
This standard has been updated (see copyright date) and may have had
amendments incorporated. This will be indicated in the amendment table on
the inside front cover.

This British Standard, having


been prepared under the
direction of the Engineering
Sector Committee, was
published under the authority
of the Standards Committee
and comes into effect on
15 March 1999
BSI 04-1999
ISBN 0 580 30019 6

Amendments issued since publication


Amd. No.

Date

Comments

BS EN ISO 3452-3:1999

Contents

Licensed Copy: Tom Magee, Howden Power, 31 May 2003, Uncontrolled Copy, (c) BSI

National foreword
Foreword
Text of EN ISO 3452-3

BSI 04-1999

Page
Inside front cover
2
3

Licensed Copy: Tom Magee, Howden Power, 31 May 2003, Uncontrolled Copy, (c) BSI

ii

blank

EUROPEAN STANDARD

EN ISO 3452-3

NORME EUROPENNE
December 1998

EUROPISCHE NORM
ICS

Descriptors: Non-destructive tests, liquid penetrant tests, impregnating tests, fluorescent materials, reference materials

English version

Licensed Copy: Tom Magee, Howden Power, 31 May 2003, Uncontrolled Copy, (c) BSI

Non-destructive testing Penetrant testing


Part 3: Reference test blocks (ISO 3452-3:1998)

Essais non destructifs Examen par


ressuage Partie 3: Pices de rfrence
(ISO 3452-3:1998)

Zerstrungsfreie Prfung
Eindringprfung Teil 3: Kontrollkrper
(ISO 3452-3:1998)

This European Standard was approved by CEN on 1 May 1998.


CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal
Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard
the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and
bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained
on application to the Central Secretariat or to any CEN member.
This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French,
German). A version in any other language made by translation under the
responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the
Central Secretariat has the same status as the official versions.
CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Czech
Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Iceland, Ireland, Italy,
Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and
United Kingdom.

CEN
European Committee for Standardization
Comit Europen de Normalisation
Europisches Komitee fr Normung
Central Secretariat: rue de Stassart 36, B-1050 Brussels
1998 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CEN national
Members.
Ref. No. EN ISO 3452-3:1998 E

Licensed Copy: Tom Magee, Howden Power, 31 May 2003, Uncontrolled Copy, (c) BSI

EN ISO 3452-3:1998

Foreword

Contents

The text of EN ISO 3452-3:1998 has been prepared


by Technical Committee CEN/TC 138
Non-destructive testing, the secretariat of which is
held by AFNOR, in collaboration with Technical
Committee ISO/TC 135 Non-destructive testing.
This European Standard shall be given the status of
a national standard, either by publication of an
identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by
June 1999, and conflicting national standards shall
be withdrawn at the latest by June 1999.
This European Standard has been prepared under a
mandate given to CEN by the European
Commission and the European Free Trade
Association. This European Standard is considered
to be a supporting standard to those application and
product standards which in themselves support an
essential safety requirement of a New Approach
Directive and which make reference to this
European Standard.
According to the CEN/CENELEC Internal
Regulations, the national standards organizations
of the following countries are bound to implement
this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Czech
Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany,
Greece, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg,
Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Spain, Sweden,
Switzerland and the United Kingdom.

Page
Foreword
2
Introduction
3
1 Scope
3
2 Normative references
3
3 Description of reference blocks
3
4 Type 1 reference block design and
dimensions
3
5 Type 2 reference block design and
dimensions
5
6 Identification
7
Annex ZA (normative) Normative
references to international
publications with their relevant
European publications
Inside back cover
Figure 1 Test panel from reference block
type 1
4
Figure 2 Reference block type 2
5
Figure 3 Hemispherical indentor
6
Table 1 Defect number
6
Table 2 Typical diameter of crack areas
7

BSI 04-1999

EN ISO 3452-3:1998

Introduction

2 Normative references

At the present time, one part of this Standard is


published independently on the European and ISO
levels, the others are under the Vienna Agreement
and consequently have the ISO number at the
European level. However, the Vienna agreement
was applied during the work, so some European
Standards have referenced them under their
previous European number. The following table
gives the correspondance between these different
numbers.

This European standard incorporates by dated or


undated reference, provisions from other
publications. These normative references are cited
at the appropriate places in the text and the
publications are listed hereafter. For dated
references, subsequent amendments to or revisions
of any of these publications apply to this
European standard only when incorporated in it by
amendment or revision. For undated references the
latest edition of the publication referred to applies.
EN 571-1, Non destructive testing Penetrant
testing Part 1: General principles.
prEN ISO 3452-2, Non-destructive testing
Penetrant testing Part 2: Testing of penetrant
materials (ISO/DIS 3452-2:1996).
EN 10027-1, Designation systems for steel
Part 1: Steel names, principal symbols.
EN 10088-1, Stainless steels Part 1: List of
standard stainless steels.
EN 10204, Metallic products Types of inspection
documents.
EURONORM 96, Tool steels Quality
requirements1).

Title

previous numbera

official number

Licensed Copy: Tom Magee, Howden Power, 31 May 2003, Uncontrolled Copy, (c) BSI

Non-destructive testing Penetrant testing


Part 1:
General
principles

EN 571-1

Part 2: Testing prEN 571-2


of penetrant
materials

prEN ISO 3452-2

prEN 571-3
Part 3:
Reference test
blocks

EN ISO 3452-3

Part 4:
Equipment

EN ISO 3452-4

prEN 956

a number

under which this document is referenced in some


European Standards

1 Scope
This European standard describes two types of
reference blocks:
Type 1 reference blocks are used to determine
the sensitivity levels of both fluorescent and
colour contrast penetrant product families;
Type 2 reference blocks are used for routine
assessment of the performance of both
fluorescent and colour contrast penetrant
facilities and part-used containers.
The reference blocks are used in the same conditions
as the pieces to be tested according to EN 571-1.

3 Description of reference blocks


The type 1 reference block consists of a set of four
nickel-chrome plated panels with 10, 20, 30
and 50 4m thickness of plating, respectively.
The 10, 20 and 30 4m panels are used for
determination the sensitivity of fluorescent
penetrant systems. The sensitivity of colour
contrast penetrant systems is determined using
the 30 and 50 4m panels.
The type 2 reference block consists of a single panel
of which one half has been plated with electroless
nickel and a thin layer of chromium and the other
half prepared to achieve areas of specific roughness.
The plated side exhibits five star-shaped
discontinuities.

4 Type 1 reference block design and


dimensions
The type 1 panels are rectangular in shape with
typical dimensions of 35 mm 100 mm 2 mm
(see Figure 1). Each panel consists of a uniform
layer of nickel-chromium plated on to a brass base,
the thickness of nickel-chromium being 10, 20, 30
and 50 4m respectively. Transverse cracks are made
in each panel by stretching the panels in the
longitudinal direction. The width to depth ratio of
each crack should be approximately 1 : 20.

1)

Until this EURONORM is transformed into a European Standard it can be either implemented or reference is made to the
corresponding national standards
BSI 04-1999

Licensed Copy: Tom Magee, Howden Power, 31 May 2003, Uncontrolled Copy, (c) BSI

EN ISO 3452-3:1998

Figure 1 Test panel from reference block type 1

BSI 04-1999

EN ISO 3452-3:1998

5 Type 2 reference block design and


dimensions
5.1 Design
5.1.1 General

Licensed Copy: Tom Magee, Howden Power, 31 May 2003, Uncontrolled Copy, (c) BSI

The test panel (see Figure 2) is rectangular in shape


with dimensions of 155 mm 50 mm 2,5 mm.

NOTE All dimensional tolerences are 10 % unless otherwise


stated.

The base material is a stainless steel type


X2 Cr Ni Mo 17-12.3 (1.4432) according to
EN 10088-1 with initial hardness of
HV 20 = 150 10 or equivalent.

Figure 2 Reference block type 2

BSI 04-1999

EN ISO 3452-3:1998

5.1.2 Rinsability area

5.1.3.2 Artificial defect production

For checking the rinsability of penetrants four


adjacent areas sized 25 mm and 35 mm are
produced down on one half of the test surface of the
panel with roughness of Ra = 2,5 4m, Ra = 5 4m,
Ra = 10 4m and Ra = 15 4m (see Figure 2).
The area with Ra = 2,5 4m may be produced by sand
blasting and the other areas by electroerosion.

Five equidistant indentations shall be made under


loads typical in the range 2 kN to 8 kN on the
reverse side of the test surface (plated area).
For example, the production of the five artificial
defects may be made using the following Table 1:
Table 1 Defect number

5.1.3 Defect area


The defect area is located on the other half of the
test surface of the panel (see Figure 2).

Licensed Copy: Tom Magee, Howden Power, 31 May 2003, Uncontrolled Copy, (c) BSI

5.1.3.1 Plating
A 60 4m 3 4m thickness of electroless nickel shall
be plated on to the test surface of the panel to
achieve a hardness value ranging from
HV 0,2 = 500 to 600.
The nickel layer shall be plated with a thin layer of
hard chromium of 0,5 4m to 1,5 4m thickness. The
panel shall then be heat treated to achieve a
hardness value ranging from HV 0,3 = 900 to 1 000
by for example heating at 405 C for 70 min. The
roughness Ra of the chromium plating shall
be 1,2 4m to 1,6 4m.

defect

Applied force
kN

2,0

3,5

5,0

6,5

8,0

The indentations for artificial defect production are


made using a compression machine (120 kN
capacity) or an appropriate Vickers hardness
machine fitted with a hemispherical-indentor.
Details of the specific indentor are given in Figure 3.
The indentations are made using a speed loading
of 0,05 kN/s and a speed unloading of 0,5 kN/s with
continuous application of the load.

Figure 3 Hemispherical indentor

BSI 04-1999

EN ISO 3452-3:1998

The five indentations shall be uniformly spaced and


in size order, the smallest being adjacent to the least
rough area.
The artificial defects shall lie within circles of the
following diameter given in Table 2:
Table 2 Typical diameter of crack areas
Dimensions in millimetres
Defect number

Typical (diameter)
dimensions

3,5

4,5

5,5

A certificate, type 3.1.B according to EN 10204,


giving the actual measured values of five artificial
defects and the roughness of the four rinsability
areas shall accompany each reference block.

6 Identification
Each type 1 reference block (set of panels) shall be
identified with EN ISO 3452-3 followed by the
identification of the supplier and a serial number.
Each Type 2 reference block shall be identified with
EN ISO 3452-3 followed the identification of the
supplier and by serial number.
A declaration stating conformance to
EN ISO 3452-3 and in line with EN 10204
type 3.1.B shall accompany each test block.

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5.2 Measurement
The size of each defect is determined optically at its
maximum diameter using calibrated scales.

BSI 04-1999

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blank

EN ISO 3452-3:1998
Annex ZA (normative)
Normative references to international publications with their relevant
European publications
This European Standard incorporates by dated or undated reference, provisions from other publications.
These normative references are cited at the appropriate places in the text and the publications are listed
hereafter. For dated references, subsequent amendments to or revisions of any of these publications apply
to this European Standard only when incorporated in it by amendment or revision. For undated references
the latest edition of the publication referred to applies.
Title

CEN number

ISO number

Non-destructive testing Penetrant


testing
Part 1: General principles

EN 571-1

Part 2: Testing of penetrant materials prEN ISO 3452-2

ISO/DIS 3452-2

Part 3: Reference test blocks

EN ISO 3452-3

ISO 3452-3

Part 4: Equipment

EN ISO 3452-4

ISO 3452-4

Metallic products Types of


inspection documents

EN 10204

ISO 10474

Tool steels Quality requirements

EURONORM 96

ISO 4967

Licensed Copy: Tom Magee, Howden Power, 31 May 2003, Uncontrolled Copy, (c) BSI

ISO 3452-1
a

This document is referenced as prEN 571-2 in some European Standards

BSI 04-1999

BS EN ISO
3452-3:1999

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