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Round Theo

EUROASIAN
ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY

Group

XI
XI International Astronomy Olympiad
-

1221. X. 2014

language

language

B i s hke k C ho l po n - A t a

English

.
, ,
Parameters of orbits.
Physical characteristics of some planets, Moon, Sun and Eris

Body,
Planet

Sun

Mercury

Venus

.
.
.

Average distance to
central body
in
in
astr.
6
units
10 km

( ) -

,
,
.
i

Sidereal period
Orbital Ec(or analogous)
inclin- centriin
ation,
city
tropical
in
i

years
days

1392000 1989000

1,6109

2,51011

2,2108

0,387

57,9

0,241

87,969

0,723

108,2

0,615

224,7007

3,40

Earth

1,000

149,6

1,000

365,2564

Moon

0,00257

0,38440

0,0748

Mars

1,524

227,9

Jupiter

5,204

778,6

Saturn

9,584

1433,7

Eris

68,05

81010

Equat.
diameter
km

10

24

Mass
10

24

kg

- .

.
- .
.
3

/
Av.
density
g/cm

.
,
.
**)

Axial
tilt

Max.
magn.
From
Earth
**)

/
Grav.
accelr.
at surf.
2

m/s

Albedo

-26,74m

1,409

4 879

0,3302

5,43

3,70

0,01

0,06

0,007

12 104

4,8690

5,24

8,87 177,36

0,78

0,00

0,017

12 756

5,9742

5,515

9,81

23,44

0,36

27,3217

5,15

0,055

3 475

0,07348

3,34

1,62

6,7

-12,7m 0,07

1,880

686,98

1,85

0,093

6 794

0,6419

3,94

3,71

25,19

-2,0m 0,15

11,862

4 332,59

1,30

0,048 142 984

1,33

24,86

3,13

-2,7m 0,66

29,458 10 759,20

2,48

0,054 120 536

568,50

0,70

10,41

26,73

0,7m 0,68

205 029

43,82

0,435

0,0167

2,52

0,7

7,00 0,206

2 326

1899,8

0,96

**) .
**) For outer planets and Moon in mean opposition.

* Precession
, -

2014

Equation of time

B i s h ke k C h o l p o n - A t a , K y r g y z s t a n

Round Theo

EUROASIAN
ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY

XI
XI International Astronomy Olympiad
-

1221. X. 2014

B i s hke k C ho l po n - A t a

Group

language

language

English


Some constants and formulae
, c (/)

299 792 458

, G ( / )
2

6.67410

, A (/2)
,
H0 (//)

-11

mean value
Hubble parameter,
diapason of values H0 (km/s/Mpc)

71
50-100

, h ()

6.62610-34

, e ()
, me ()

Constant of gravitation, G (Nm2/kg2)


Solar constant, A (W/m2)

1367

Speed of light in vacuum, c (m/s)

Plank constant, h (Js)

1.60210

-19

Charge of electron, e (C)

9.10910

-31

Mass of electron, me (kg)

1836.15

Proton-to-electron ratio

, F (/)

96 485

Faraday constant, F (C/mol)

, 0 (/)

1.25710

, R (//K)

8.314

, k (/K)

1.38110

-6

Magnetic constant, 0 (H/m)


Universal gas constant, R (J/mol/K)

-23

Boltzmann constant, k (J/K)

-, (/2/K4)

5.67010-8

Stefan-Boltzmann constant, (W/m2/K4)

, b (K)

0.002897

Wiens displacement constant, b (mK)

H ()

6562.81

Laboratory wavelength of H ()

, T ()

365.242199

Tropical year length, T (days)

()

101 325

Standard atmosphere (Pa)

1
()

19%, 0.23m

Visible light extinction by the terrestrial


atmosphere in zenith (minimum)

()

7991

Height of homogeneous atmosphere (m)

20C, n

1.334

Refractive index of water for 20C, n

I = /5 MR

V = /3 R

Moment of inertia of a solid ball


Volume of a ball

S = 4R

Area of sphere

3.14159265

2.71828183

1.61803399

Golden ratio,

Coordinates

Bishkek

-
Cholpon-Ata

( E / .. )

74 34'

77 05'

( N / c.. )

42 52'

42 39'


Timezone

UT+6

UT+6

, -

2014

B i s h ke k C h o l p o n - A t a , K y r g y z s t a n

Round Theo

EUROASIAN
ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY

Group

XI
XI International Astronomy Olympiad
-

1221. X. 2014

B i s hke k C ho l po n - A t a

28

Altair
Capella
Arcturus
Canopus
Miaplacidus

Aql

language

language

English

28 brightest stars in the sky


RA

DEC

SC

19h 50m 47s

08 52' 06"

0".195

0m.77

A7

41

Boo

14

38

19 10' 57"

0".089

-0 .04

Car

06h 23m 57s

-52 41' 45"

0".028

-0m.72

Aur

Car

05

09

16

15

13

12

45 59' 53"

-69 43' 02"

0".073

0".029

0 .08
m

G5+G0

K1
F0

A2

1 .68

Toliman
(Rigel Kent)

Cen

14h 39m 36s

-60 50' 07"

0".747

-0 .01
1m.33

G2
K1

Hadar

Cen

14h 03m 49s

-60 22' 23"

0".009

0m.61

B1

Sirius
Adara
Procyon
Acrux
Becrux
Gacrux
Deneb
Achernar
Castor
Pollux
Regulus
Vega
Betelgeuse
Rigel
Bellatrix
Fomalhaut
Antares
Shaula
Aldebaran
Elnath
Spica

CMa

06

-16 42' 58"

0".375

-1 .46

A1

CMa

06h 58m 38s

-28 58' 19"

0".008

1m.50

B2

18
36

Cru

12

43

-59 41' 20"

0".009

1 .30

B0

Cru

12h 31m 10s

-57 06' 48"

0".037

1m.60

M4

Cru

07

12

26

47

Gem

07

36

31 53' 18"

0".065

1 .58

A1+A2

Gem

07h 45m 19s

28 01' 35"

0".097

1m.14

K0

01

34

56

Ori

05

10

07 24' 25"

Ori

05h 14m 32s

-08 12' 06"

Lyr

18

36

55

Hamal
Sheratan
Thuban
Rastaban
Etamin
Polaris
Kochab
Pherkad

0".005

0 .5

M2

0".013

0m.12

B8

24

-26 25' 55"

0".024

0 .96

M1+B4

Sco

17h 33m 37s

-37 06' 14"

0".005

1m.62

B2

Tau
Tau
Vir

04

05

13

35

26

25

55

18

12

A0

0 .03

16

29

Sco

B7

1 .35

22

57

0".123

39

PsA

0".041

B3

0 .46

25

38 47' 01"

0".026

A2

1 .25

08

05

11 58' 02"

0".002

Ori

08

-57 14' 12"

22

10

45 16' 49"

Leo

37

B0

0 .77

43

Eri

0".010

F5

0 .38

41

-63 05' 57"

0".288

26

20

05 13' 30"

Cyg

39

09

CMi

45

Ari
Ari
Dra
Dra
Dra
UMi
UMi
UMi

Yildun

UMi

Proxima
Centauri

V645 Cen,
Cen C

, -

-29 37' 20"

16 30' 33"
28 36' 27"
-11 09' 41"

0".013
0".130

0".048
0".025
0".023

B2

A3

1 .64
1 .16

0 .85

K5

B7

B1

1 .66
0 .98

Some other stars

02h 07m 10s


h

06 20' 59"

23 27' 45"

0".050

20 48' 30"

0".055

2m.01

K2

39

23

26

36

51 29' 20"

0".021

49

89 15' 51"

0".007

42

44

19

86 35' 11"

0".019

4 .35

A1

14h 29m 43s

-62 40' 46"

0".769

11m.05

M5.5

01 54
14 04
17 30
17 56
02 31
14 50
15 20
17 32

2014

64 22' 33"
52 18' 05"

74 09' 20"
71 50' 02"

0".011
0".009

0".025
0".007

A5

A0

G2

2 .64
3 .65
2 .79
m

2 .24
m

1 .97

2 .07
m

3 .06

B i s h ke k C h o l p o n - A t a , K y r g y z s t a n

K5
F7
K4
A3

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