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BiospherereservesofIndiaWikipedia,thefreeencyclopedia

BiospherereservesofIndia
FromWikipedia,thefreeencyclopedia

TheIndiangovernmenthasestablished18BiosphereReservesin
India,[2](categoriesroughlycorrespondingtoIUCNCategoryV
Protectedareas),whichprotectlargerareasofnaturalhabitat(thana
NationalParkorAnimalSanctuary),andoftenincludeoneormore
NationalParksand/orpreserves,alongwithbufferzonesthatareopen
tosomeeconomicuses.Protectionisgrantednotonlytothefloraand
faunaofthepoachedherenonprotectedregion,butalsotothehuman
communitieswhoinhabittheseregions,andtheirwaysoflife.
Animalsareprotectedandsavedhere.

Contents
1
2
3
4
5

SomeoftheMABBiosphereReservesin
India [1]

Worldnetwork
List
Potentialsites
References
Externallinks

Worldnetwork
TenoftheeighteenbiospherereservesareapartoftheWorldNetworkofBiosphereReserves,basedonthe
UNESCOManandtheBiosphere(MAB)Programmelist.[2][3][4][5]
Name

States

Year

NilgiriBiosphereReserve

TamilNadu,Kerala,Karnataka 2000

GulfofMannarBiosphereReserve

TamilNadu

2001

SundarbansBiosphereReserve

WestBengal

2001

NandaDeviBiosphereReserve

Uttarakhand

2004

NokrekBiosphereReserve

Meghalaya

2009

PachmarhiBiosphereReserve

MadhyaPradesh

2009

SimlipalBiosphereReserve

Odisha

2009

AchanakmarAmarkantakBiosphereReserve Chhattisgarh,MadhyaPradesh 2012[3]


GreatNicobar

AndamanandNicobarIslands 2013[6]

AgasthyamalaBiosphereReserve

KeralaandTamilNadu

2016[7]

List

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In2009,IndiadesignatedColdDesertofHimachalPradeshasabiospherereserve.OnSeptember20,2010,the
MinistryofEnvironmentandForestsdesignatedSeshachalamHillsasthe17thbiospherereserve.Panna(Madhya
Pradesh)wasscheduledtobecomethe18thonAugust25,2011.[2]

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BiospherereservesofIndia(areawise)
Year

Name

Location

State

Type

1986

PartofWaynad,
NilgiriBiosphere Nagarhole,Bandipurand
Reserve
Mudumalai,Nilambur,
SilentValley

TamilNadu,
Western
Keralaand
Ghats
Karnataka

1988

NandaDevi
NationalPark&
Biosphere
Reserve

PartsofChamoliDistrict,
PithoragarhDistrict&
BageshwarDistrict

Uttarakhand

Keyfauna
Nilgiritahr,lion
tailedmacaque

SnowLeopard,
Western
Himalayan
Himalayas
BlackBear

Area
(km2)
5520

5860

1989

GulfofMunnar

IndianpartofGulfof
Munnarextendingfrom
Rameswaramislandinthe
TamilNadu Coasts
NorthtoKanyakumariin
theSouthofTamilNadu
andSriLanka

1988

Nokrek

PartofGaroHills

Meghalaya

East
Redpanda
Himalayas

Sundarbans

PartofdeltaofGanges
andBrahmaputrariver
system

WestBengal

Gangetic
Delta

Assam

East
Goldenlangur,
Himalayas redpanda

2837

1989

Dugongorsea
cow

RoyalBengal
tiger

10500

820
9630

1989

Manas

PartofKokrajhar,
Bongaigaon,Barpeta,
Nalbari,Kamrupand
DarrangDistricts

1994

Simlipal

PartofMayurbhanjdistrict Odisha

Gaur,royal
Deccan
Bengaltiger,
Peninsula
elephant

4374

1998

DihangDibang

PartofSiangandDibang
Valley

Eastern
Himalaya

5112

1999

Pachmarhi
Biosphere
Reserve

PartsofBetulDistrict,
Madhya
HoshangabadDistrictand
Pradesh
ChhindwaraDistrict

Arunachal
Pradesh

SemiArid

Giantsquirrel,
flyingsquirrel

4981.72

10 2005

Achanakmar
Amarkantak
Biosphere
Reserve

PartofAnnupur,Dindori
andBilaspurdistricts

Madhya
Maikala
Pradesh,
Hills
Chhattisgarh

Fourhorned
antelope,Indian
wilddog,Sarus
crane,White
rumpedvulture,
Philautus
sanctisilvaticus
(Sacredgrove
bushfrog)

11 2008

GreatRannof
Kutch

PartofKutch,Rajkot,
SurendranagarandPatan
Districts

Gujarat

Desert

Indianwildass

12454

Himachal

Western

Snowleopard

7770

3835

PinValleyNationalPark
and
12 2009

ColdDesert

surroundingsChandratal

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12 2009

ColdDesert

13 2000

Khangchendzonga PartsofKangchenjunga

14 2001

Agasthyamalai
Biosphere
Reserve

Neyyar,Pepparaand
ShendurunyWildlife
Sanctuaryandtheir
adjoiningareas

Kerala,
Western
TamilNadu Ghats

Nilgiritahr,
elephants

15 1989

GreatNicobar
Biosphere
Reserve

Southernmostislandsof
AndamanandNicobar
Islands

Andaman
andNicobar Islands
Islands

Saltwater
crocodile

16 1997

DibruSaikhowa

PartofDibrugarhand
Tinsukiadistricts

Assam

17 2010

SeshachalamHillRanges
Andhra
SeshachalamHills coveringpartsofChittoor
Pradesh
andKadapadistricts

18 2011

PartofPannaDistrictand Madhya
ChhatarpurDistrict
Pradesh

Panna

surroundingsChandratal
andSarchu&Kibber
WildlifeSancturary

Himachal
Pradesh

Western
Snowleopard
Himalayas

Sikkim

East
Snowleopard,
Himalayas redpanda

East
Goldenlangur
Himalayas
Eastern
Ghats
Catchment
Areaof
theKen
River

7770

2620

3500.08

885
765
4755

Tiger,chital,
chinkara,
sambharand
slothbear

2998.98

Potentialsites
FollowingisthelistofpotentialsitesforBiosphereReservesasselectedbyMinistryofForestsand
Environment:[8]
Abujmarh,Chhattisgarh
AndamanandNicobar,NorthIslands
Chintapalli,VisakhapatnamAndhraPradesh
Kanha,MadhyaPradesh
Kovalam,Kerala
LakshadweepIslands,Lakshadweep
LittleRannofKutch,Gujarat
Phawngpui(BlueMountain),Mizoram
Namdapha,ArunachalPradesh
Singhbhum
TawangandWestKameng,ArunachalPradesh
TharDesert,Rajasthan

References
1.UNESCOManandtheBiosphereProgramme(MAB)(http://www.unesco.org/mab/mabProg.shtml)
2.[1](http://www.moef.nic.in/divisions/csurv/brslist.pdf)
3.UNESCO"20newBiosphereReservesaddedtoUNESCOsManandtheBiosphere(MAB)Programme"(http://www.u
nesco.org/new/en/naturalsciences/aboutus/singleview/news/20_new_biosphere_reserves_added_to_unescos_man_and_t
he_biosphere_mab_programme/),11July2012
4.UNESCO,ManandtheBiosphere(MAB)Programmelist(http://www.unesco.org/mab/BRs/AsiaBRlist.shtml#I)
5."20newBiosphereReservesadded"(http://www.unesco.org/new/en/mediaservices/singleview/news/20_sites_added_to_
unescos_world_network_of_biosphere_reserve/#.Vu834_krLIU)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Biosphere_reserves_of_India

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6."NicobarIslandsdeclaredasworldbiospherereserve"(http://articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com/20130531/florafaun
a/39654803_1_nicobarislandsbiosphereprogrammesites),31May2013
7."20newBiosphereReservesadded"(http://www.unesco.org/new/en/mediaservices/singleview/news/20_sites_added_to_
unescos_world_network_of_biosphere_reserve/#.Vu834_krLIU),19March2016
8."StatusofBioshperereservesinIndia"(PDF).ENVIRONEWS,MinistryofEnvironmentandForests,Vol.14.January
March2008.p.9.Archivedfromtheoriginal(PDF)onJanuary20,2013.RetrievedJune1,2013.

Externallinks
WildlifeInstituteofIndiawebpageonIndia'sBiosphereReserves(htt
WikimediaCommonshas
p://www.wii.gov.in/nwdc/biosphere.htm)
mediarelatedto
UnitedNationsListofNationalParksandProtectedAreas:India
BiospherereservesofIndia.
(1993)(http://www.wcmc.org.uk/igcmc/parks/un93.html)
MinistryofEnvironmentandForests(http://www.envfor.nic.in/report/0102/chap03.html)
Retrievedfrom"https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Biosphere_reserves_of_India&oldid=731782313"
Categories: BiospherereservesofIndia NationalbiospherereservesofIndia ConservationinIndia
ProtectedareasofIndia
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