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PROJECT

SYNOPSIS
OF
GRID TIED MULTI-LEVEL INVERTER

Submitted to:
Dr. Syed Abdul Rahman Kashif

WITH POWER MONITORING

Submitted by:
Sajjad Ahmed (2013-EE-19)
Muhammad Sohaib Sha

hid (2013-EE-121)
Hamid Razzaq
013-EE-)
Assistant Professor,
UET, Lahore.

(2

Umair Aslam (2013-EE-)

OBJECTIVE

The objectives of the Grid tide system are> To reduce manual operation
> Reduced operational time.
> Increased accuracy and reliability.
> Increased operational efficiency.
> Saving more money with net metering
> Making it look so easy to get tied with Renewable Energy Sources
The designed system can be readily used by non-Professional personal avoiding hu
man handled chance of error. This project is used by two types of users
i. WAPDA Line-man while operating in field.
ii. GENERATION Stations Technical Staff.
WAPDA Line-man can view all the desired parameters of the site under considerati
on using a touch configured LCD placed alongside with the system.
As the generation from external sources other than WAPDA utility requires Synchr
onization of
* Phase of external source supply and that of from WAPDA Utility
* Frequency of external source supply and that of from WAPDA Utility
* The terminal voltage must be same for in coming and running sources.
The Synchronization conditions are satisfied using some Algorithm implemented by
microcontroller.
New features can be added as per requirements.

MODIFICATION AND IMPROVEMENT OVER THE EXISTING

IMPLEMENTATION

Present State:
*
*
*
*
*
*

No Power Monitoring System is present


No LCD present for giving a graphical view of all the parameters
Manual Operation of the system is required.
Multi-Level Inverter was not in a state to be used for Grid connectivity
Net-Metering was not available in existed systems.
Expensive as Personal was needed due to manual operation

After implementation of project:


* Easy to use GUI based LCD for Power monitoring.
* Touch LCD will be interfaced to make the system look more presentable and user
-friendly.
* No manual operation would be required.
* Multi-Level Inverter can be used for Grid-Connectivity.
* Net-Metering will be used for measurement of both way Electricity consumption
* Economical since no personal would be required for operation

SCOPE
This project has a large scope as it has the following features which help in ma
king it easy to use, understand and modify it:
> Automatic Adjustment of Synchronization Parameters
> No need of using extra measurement tools as LCD will be able to display all de
sired parameters.
> To make the connectivity of External Renewable Energy sources with grid simple
r.
> To increase the accuracy and efficiency of the Power Monitoring by giving exac
t values.
> Management of Renewable Energy Resources.
> Use of Multi-Level inverter leading to very low HARMONIC DISTORTION LOSES.
The designed system can be readily used by non-Professional personal avoiding hu
man handled chance of error. This project is used by two types of users
i. WAPDA Line-man while operating in field.
ii. GENERATION Stations Technical Staff.
Main Points are:-

*
*
*
*

Automatic Operation
Power Monitoring.
Parameters Variations on LCD.
Real-time Information available on LCD so that steps necessary can be taken at
the spot.
* Fault can be easily debugged using the information available from these Parame
ters on LCD.
* Increased Efficiency due to low harmonic distortion.

SIGNIFICANCE OF PROJECT
* As Pakistan is a country facing with severe Energy Crisis so need of the hour
is to look for new Energy Generating Resources and to improve the efficiency of
presently available resources. Renewable Energy Resources such as Photovoltaics,
Wind, Low Head Hydro and GEO-Thermal are the expected Energy Resources of the f
uture. This Project makes possible the grid connectivity of these Renewable Ener
gy Sources.
* There will be no need of human efforts for Grid Connectivity of Renewable Ener
gy Systems. All the necessary parameters will be auto controlled.
* User Friendly Interface of LCD would make Possible to monitor the ongoing ope
rations.
* The use of Multi-Level Inverters helps to improve the overall efficiency of sy
stem as they are more efficient as compared to usual routine inverters.
* The Project is very Economical because it would not be requiring any Personal
staff for operation as most of the operations are performed automatically. Moreo
ver, use of Multi-Level inverters will help to improve the systems overall effic
iency due to Low Harmonic Distortion Losses.
* Power Monitoring with LCD would make possible to avoid conventional measuremen
t tools which in certain scenarios can prove to be hazardous for people working
in the field.

TOOLS AND TECHNOLOGY USED


Tool:
* MultiSim: Multisim is a simulation software. It is a product of National Instr
uments. It is used in the field of electronics. As the software provides real tim
e simulation results so it is used vastly during the project in order to meet wi
th the need of checking the results time and again with little modifications eac
h time. It is a very powerful simulation tool as both the transient and steady s
tate responses of a real time circuit can be checked using it. It provides accur
ate results.
* LabVIEW: LabVIEW(short for Laboratory Virtual Instrument Engineering Workbench)
is a system-design platform and development environment for avisual programming
languagefromNational Instruments. The programming language used in LabVIEW, also r
eferred to as G, is adataflow programminglanguage. Execution is determined by the
structure of a graphical block diagram (the LabVIEW-source code) on which the pr
ogrammer connects different function-nodes by drawing wires. These wires propaga
te variables and any node can execute as soon as all its input data become avail
able. Since this might be the case for multiple nodes simultaneously, G is inher

ently capable of parallel execution.Multi-processingandmulti-threadinghardware is au


tomatically exploited by the built-in scheduler, whichmultiplexesmultipleOSthreads o
ver the nodes ready for execution.
Technology:
myRIO FPGA The NI LabVIEW FPGA Module lets you graphically implement digital cir
cuits within an FPGA chip. Inverter s software simulation is first done using LabV
iew and then the code generated is burned on myRIO FPGA to check the simulation
results. The Interfacing of LCD is done using Input output ports available on my
RIO FPGA and using a proper way of communication (Serial or Parallel) according
to suitable mode of operation. Some Algorithm will be designed finally using mi
cro-controller (myRio) for grid connectivity so that synchronizations of various
desired parameters required for synchronization may take place.

TIME FRAME REQUIRED FOR VARIOUS STAGES OF PROJECT IMPLEMENTATION

Sr.
TIME
PHASES
11.
32.
3.
4.
25.
Simulation
Power
Integration
Inverter
Month
Months
No.
DURATION
Quality
Implementation
OfOfTouch
Inverter,
Monitoring
all Parts,
LCD interfacing
testing
Final testing
andwith
starting
myRio
of
hardware
ofandPower
development
andMonitoring
reportof part
GUI on LCD

REFERENCES
* www.wikipedia.com
* www.ni.com