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HW5

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HW5 (Homework)

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Due : Friday, October 9 2015 11:30 PM PDT

nader alshammeri SDSU_Math252_Shen, Fall 2015 Instructor: Bo-Wen Shen

Find the first partial derivatives of the function.

f(x, y) = x 5 y 9 + 5x 4 y

f x (x, y) =

 5x4y9+20x3y f y (x, y) = 9x5y8+5x4

Find the first partial derivatives of the function.

f(x, y) = ax + by cx + dy

f x (x, y) =

a(cx+dy)−c(ax+by)(cx+dy)2

f y (x, y) =

b(cx+dy)−d(ax+by)(cx+dy)2

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Find all the second partial derivatives.

f(x, y) = sin 2 (mx + ny) f xx (x, y) =

2m2cos(2(mx+ny))

f xy (x, y) =

2mncos(2(mx+ny))

f yx (x, y) =

2mncos(2(mx+ny))

f yy (x, y) =

2n2cos(2(mx+ny))

Find the indicated partial derivatives.

w =

3 w

=

z y x

3 w

x 2 y

=

x

y + 5z

10(y+5z)3

0

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Determine whether each of the following functions is a solution of Laplace's equation u xx + u yy = 0. (Select all that apply.)

= ln
u
x 2 + y 2
= x 2 + y 2
u
= x 2 − y 2
u
= x 3 + 3xy 2
u
= e −x cos y − e −y cos x
u
= sin x cosh y + cos x sinh y
u

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This question has several parts that must be completed sequentially. If you skip a part of the

question, you will not receive any points for the skipped part, and you will not be able to come

back to the skipped part.

Tutorial Exercise

Find an equation of the tangent plane to the given surface at the specified point.

z = 3(x - 1) 2 + 2(y + 3) 2 + 7, (4, 1, 66)

Part 1 of 4

Recall that the equation of the plane tangent to
z = f(x, y)
at a point
(a, b, c)
is given by
z
\$\$c
= f x (a, b)(x −
\$\$a
) + f y (a, b)(y −
\$\$b
).
Part 2 of 4
f x (x, y) =
\$\$6(x−1)
For
z = f(x, y) = 3(x − 1) 2 + 2(y + 3) 2 + 7,
we have
and
f y (x, y) =
\$\$4(y+3)
.
Part 3 of 4
Thus, we have
f x (4, 1) =
18
18
and
f y (4, 1) =
16
16
.
Part 4 of 4

Substituting the above into the equation of the tangent plane, we conclude that the equation of

the tangent plane to the given surface is

z =

\$\$18(x−4)+16(y−1)+66

.

You have now completed the Master It.

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Find an equation of the tangent plane to the given surface at the specified point.

z = ln(x 4y),

(5, 1, 0)

z=x−4y−1

Verify the linear approximation at (0, 0).

f(x, y) =

y + cos 2 x 1 +

1 y
2

f x (x, y) =

Left

f(x, y) =

f y (x, y) =

y + cos 2 x .

Then

cos(x)sin(x)√y+cos2(x)

and

 12√y+cos2(x) . Both f x and f y are continuous functions for y > −cos2(x)

,

so f is differentiable at (0, 0) by this theorem. We have

 f x (0, 0) = 0 and f y (0, 0) = 1/2 , so the linear approximation of f f(x, y) ≈ f(0, 0) + f x (0, 0)(x − 0) + f y (0, 0)(y − 0) = 12y+1 at (0, 0) is .

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Find the differential of the function.

z = e 8x cos 4πt

dz =

−8e−8xcos(4πt)

dx +

−4πe−8xsin(4πt)

dt

(1, 1)

(x, y)

If

z = 7x 2 + y 2

and

changes from

 dz = -0.9 Δz = -0.8725

to

(0.95, 0.9),

compare the values of Δz and

Find the linear approximation of the function below at the indicated point.

f(x, y) =

17 x 2 4y 2

at

(2, 1)

f(x, y)

−23(x−2)−43(y−1)+3

Use this approximation to find f(1.92, 0.93). (Round your answer to three decimal places.)

f(1.92, 0.93)

3.147

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Use the Chain Rule to find dz/dt.

z = tan 1 (y/x),

dz

dt

=

x = e t ,

y = 8 e t

2−8ete2t+(8−et)2

Use the Chain Rule to find z/s and z/t.

z

s

z

t

=

=

z = e x + 9y ,

x = s/t,

y = t/s

ex+9yt−9tex+9ys2

s·ex+9yt2+9ex+9ys

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This question has several parts that must be completed sequentially. If you skip a part of the

question, you will not receive any points for the skipped part, and you will not be able to come

back to the skipped part.

Tutorial Exercise

The temperature at a point (x, y) is T(x, y), measured in degrees Celsius. A bug crawls so that its

position after t seconds is given by the following function, where x and y are measured in

centimeters.

The temperature function satisfies T x (4, 5) = 5 and T y (4, 5) = 6. How fast is the temperature

rising on the bug's path after 15 seconds?

Part 1 of 4

We know that the rate of change of the temperature is given by

 dT = ∂T dx + dt ∂x dt 1 \$\$2√1+t

Using

x =

1 + t

and

y = 4 +

1

15

t,

we have

dx

dt

=

1

dy

dt

=

\$\$15

.

T

y

and

dy

dt

.

Part 2 of 4

To find x and y after 15 seconds, we substitute t = 15 into the above equations to obtain

x =

4
4

and y =

5
5

.

 We are given that T x (4, 5) = 5 and T y (4, 5) = 6. Part 3 of 4 Also, after 15 seconds, we have dx = 1/8 1/8 and dy = 1/15 1/15 . dt dt

Part 4 of 4

Substituting the above into the equation for the rate of change of the temperature, we conclude

that the rate of the rise of the temperature is as follows. (Round your answer to two decimal

places.)

dT

dt

(4, 5) = 5 ·

1

8

+ 6 ·

1
=
41/40
15
1.03

°C/s.

You have now completed the Master It.

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Use these equations to find z/x and z/y for the following.

z

x

z

y

=

=

9xyz = 4 cos(x + y + z)

(−4sin(x+y+z)−9yz)9xy+4sin(x+y+z)

(−4sin(x+y+z)−9xz)9xy+4sin(x+y+z)