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8/18/2016

DESSERTATION:PRESUMPTIONREGARDINGJURISDICTION
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Tuesday,September22,2015

PRESUMPTIONREGARDINGJURISDICTION
PRESUMPTIONREGARDINGJURISDICTION:

Thereisastrongpresumptionthatastatuteshouldnotbegivensuchan
interpretation
astakesawaythejurisdictionofthecourtsunlessthelanguageofthe
statuteunambiguouslyso
states.Thepresumptionisthatsincethelegislatureordinarilydoesnot
intendthatjusticeshould
beoutofboundsforthesubjects,thecourtsmustbepresumedtohave
jurisdictionunlessthe
legislaturebyclearwordsorbyclearnecessaryimplicationshaveousted
jurisdiction.
Sincejurisdictionisbestowedinacourtbylegislation,legislationalonecan
takeaway
thesame.Thepartiestoadisputecanneithercreatebymutualconsent
jurisdictionofacourtto
trytheirdisputenorcantheytakeitawaybymutualconsentifinfacta
courtisvestedwith
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jurisdictioninthematter.Mutualconsentofparties,however,cancreate
anarbitratorandthe
arbitratormaybeajudgealso.
Thereisastrongpresumptionthatcivilcourtshavejurisdictiontodecide
allquestionsof

2016(34)
2015(137)
December(7)
November(37)
October(5)
September(76)

civilnature.Theexclusionofjurisdictionofcivilcourtsisthereforenotto
bereadilyinferredand
suchexclusionmusteitherbeexplicitlyexpressedorclearlyimplied.Itisa
principlebyno
meanstobewhittleddownandhasbeenreferredtoasafundamentalrule.

http://lawdessertation.blogspot.in/2015/09/presumptionregardingjurisdiction.html

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8/18/2016

DESSERTATION:PRESUMPTIONREGARDINGJURISDICTION

PROPOSED
AMENDMENTIN
THE
PREVENTIONOF
CORRUPTION...

Asanecessary

PROPOSED
AMENDMENTTO
THE
CONSTITUTION
OFINDIA

jurisdictiononauthoritiesandtribunalsotherthancivilcourtsarestrictly
construed.Therulethat

ANTI
CORRUPTION
LAW
CONCLUSION
AND
SUGGESTIONS
AUSTRALIAS
ANTI
CORRUPTION
SYSTEM
THELEADING
INTERNATIONAL
LAWON
BRIBERYAND
CORRU...
PARLIAMENTARY
SPECIALRIGHT
INUK
ANALYSISOF
CORRUPTION
CASELAW
PROCEDURE
WHENA
BREACHOF
PRIVILEGEIS
COMMITTED...
SPECIALRIGHTS
ANDWORKING
OFCOMMITTEE
OFPRIVILE...
PARLIAMENTARY
PRIVILEGESIN
INDIA
BILLTOAMEND
PREVENTIONOF
CORRUPTION
ACT,1988
BRIEFANALYSES
OFPREVENTION
OFCORRUPTION
ACT,19...
THEANTI
CORRUPTION
LAWS
(AMENDMENT)
ACT,1964
HISTORICAL
ACCOUNTOF
CORRUPTION
PRIVILIGES
UNDERTHE
CONSTITUTION
OFINDIA:
ANTI
CORRUPTION
LAWSAND
PARLIAMENTAR
YPRIVILEGE...
CHARITABLE
CONTRIBUTIONS

corollaryofthisrule,provisionsexcludingjurisdictionofcivilcourtsand
provisionsconferring

theexclusionofjurisdictionofcivilcourtsisnottobereadilyinferredis
basedonthetheorythat
civilcourtsarecourtsofgeneraljurisdictionandthepeoplehavearight,
unlessexpresslyor
implicitlydebarred,toinsistforfreeaccesstothecourtsofgeneral
jurisdictionoftheState.
Indeed,theprincipleisnotlimitedtocivilcourtsalone,butappliestoall
courtsofgeneral
jurisdictionincludingcriminalcourts.Exclusionofjurisdictionofordinary
criminalcourtscanbe
broughtaboutbysettingupcourtsoflimitedjurisdictioninrespectofthe
limitedfield,onlyifthe
vestingandtheexerciseofthatlimitedjurisdictionisclearandoperative
andthereisan
adequatemachineryfortheexerciseofthelimitedjurisdiction.Butthe
ruleagainstexclusionof
jurisdictionofcourtslikeotherrulesofconstructionisattachedonlywhere
twoormore
reasonablypossibleconstructionareopenonthelanguageofthestatute
andnotwherethe
legislativeintentisplainandmanifesttooustthejurisdiction.

TheSupremeCourtstatedthatthefirstandtheprimaryruleof
constructionisthatthe
intentionofthelegislaturemustbefoundinthewordsusedbythe
legislatureitself.Iftheword
usedarecapableofoneconstructiononlythenitwouldnotbeenopenfor
thecourtstoadopt
anyotherhypotheticalconstructiononthegroundthatsuchaconstruction
ismoreconsistent
withtheallegedobjectandpolicyoftheAct.Thewordsusedinthe
materialprovisionsofthe
statuemustbeinterpretedintheirplaingrammaticalmeaninganditis
onlywhensuchwords
arecapableoftwoconstructionsthatthequestionofgivingeffecttothe
policy,orobjectofthe
Actcanlegitimatelyarise.Whenthematerialwordsarecapableoftwo
constructions,oneof
whichislikelytodefeatorimpairthepolicyoftheActwhilsttheotheris
likelytoassistthe
achievementofthesaidpolicy,thenthecourtswouldprefertoadoptthe
latterconstruction.Itis

http://lawdessertation.blogspot.in/2015/09/presumptionregardingjurisdiction.html

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8/18/2016

DESSERTATION:PRESUMPTIONREGARDINGJURISDICTION

Political
Contributions:
DIVIDEND
BORROWING
POWEROF
COMPANY
DEBENTURE
ANDCHARGE
Allotmentofshares
LAWOF
PROSPECTUSIN
COMPANYLAW
Relationship
betweenMOAand
AOA.
DOCTRINEOF
ULTRAVIRES
CONVERSIONOF
PRIVATE
CompanyTO
PUBLICCompany
KINDSORTYPES
OFCOMPANIES
COMPANYLAW:
Characteristicsof
Company
ANALYTICAL
SCHOOL/
POSITIVISM
(BENTHAM&
AUSTIN)...
HISTORICAL
SCHOOL
SAVIGNY&
MAINE
SOCIOLOGICAL
SCHOOLOF
JURISPRUDENC
E

onlyinsuchcasesthatitbecomesrelevanttoconsiderthemischiefand
defectwhichtheAct
purposes,toremedyandcorrect.

Thesuperiorcourtcaninapropercaseexerciseitsjurisdictionevenin
favourofa
petitionerwhohasallowedthetimetoappealtoexpireorhasnot
perfectedhisappeal,for
example,byfurnishingsecurityrequiredbythestatute,whenaninferior
courtortribunalby
discardingallprinciplesofnaturaljusticeandallacceptedrulesof
procedurearrivedata
conclusionwhichshocksthesenseofjusticeandfairlyortheinferiorcourt
ortribunalacts
whollywithoutjurisdictionorpatentlyinexcessofjurisdiction.

TheSupremeCourthasheldthejurisdictionofthe
Courtwasnotexcludedandlaid
downthefollowingprinciples:
1.Wherethestategivesfinalitytotheordersofthespecialtribunalsthe
jurisdiction
ofthecivilcourtmustbeheldtobeexcludedifthereisadequateremedyto
dowhatthecivil
courtswouldnormallydoinasuit.Suchprovision,however,doesnot
excludethosecases
wheretheprovisionsoftheparticularActhavenotbeencompliedwithor
thestatutorytribunal

THEORIESOF
CORPORATION
PERSONALITYIN
COMPANYLAW...

hasnotactedinconformitywiththefundamentalprinciplesofjudicial
procedure.

THEORIESOF
CORPORATION
PERSONALITY

2.Wherethereisanexpressbarofthejurisdictionofthecourt,an
examinationof

LEGAL
PERSONALITY
RESEARCH
DESIGN
DEDUCTIVE
METHODOF
RESEARCH

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theschemeoftheparticularActtofindtheadequacyorthesufficiencyof
theremediesprovided
mayberelevantbutisnotdecisivetosustainthejurisdictionofthecivil
court,wherethereisno
expressexclusion,theexaminationoftheremediesandtheschemeofthe
particularActtofind

SOCIALRESEARCH
EMPIRICALOR
NON
DOCTRINAL
LEGAL
RESEARCH
DOCTRINALOR
NONEMPIRICAL
RESEARCH
LEGALRESEARCH
PRESUMPTION
REGARDING
JURISDICTION

outtheamendmentbecomesnecessaryandtheresultoftheinquirymay
bedecisive.Inthe
lattercase,itisnecessarytoseeifthestatutecreatesaspecialrightora
liabilityandprovides
forthedeterminationoftherightortheliabilityandfurtherlaysdownthat
allquestionsaboutthe

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saidrightandliabilityshallbedeterminedbytribunalssoconstituted,and
whetherremedies
normallyassociatedwithactionsincivilcourtsareprescribedbythesaid
statuteornot.

http://lawdessertation.blogspot.in/2015/09/presumptionregardingjurisdiction.html

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8/18/2016

DESSERTATION:PRESUMPTIONREGARDINGJURISDICTION

CONSTRUCTION
OFTAXING
STATUTES
CONSTRUCTION
TOPREVENT
ABUSEIN
INTERPRETATIO
NOF...
EVASIONOF
STATUTES
CONSTRUCTION
TOPREVENT
EVAS...
LIBERAL
CONSTRUCTION
OFREMEDIAL
STATUTES
STRICT
CONSTRUCTION
OFPENAL
STATUTES

3.ChallengetotheprovisionsoftheparticularActasultravirescannotbe
brought
beforethetribunalsconstitutedunderthatAct.EventheHighCourt
cannotgointothatquestion
onarevisionorreferencefromthedecisionofthetribunals.

4.Whereaprovisionisalreadydeclaredunconstitutionalorthe
constitutionalityof
anyprovisionistobechallenged,asuitisopen.Awritofcertiorarimay
includeadirectionfor
refundiftheclaimisclearlywithinthetimeprescribedbytheLimitation
Act,butitisnota
compulsoryremedytoreplaceasuit.

REPEALOFA
STATUTE:
COMMENCEMENT
OFASTATUTE
EXPRESIOUNIUS
EXCLUSION
ALTERIUS

5.WheretheparticularActcontainsnomachineryforrefundoftax
collectedin
excessoftheconstitutionallimitsorillegallycollected,asuitlies.

REDDENDO
SINGULAR
SINGULIS

6.Questionsofthecorrectnessoftheassessmentapartfromits
constitutionalties

RULEOFEJUSDEM
OFGENERIS

arethedecisionsoftheauthoritiesandacivilsuitdoesnotlieiftheorders
oftheauthoritiesare

NOSCITURA
SOCIIS
MANDATORYAND
DIRECTORY
STATUTES:
INTERPRETATION
OFTHE
CONSTITUTION
BENEFICIAL
CONSTRUCTION
:
EXTERNALAIDS
TO
INTERPRETATIO
N
.INTERNALAIDS
OF
INTERPRETATIO
N

declaredtobefinalorthereisanexpressprohibitionintheparticularAct
ineithercase,the
schemeoftheparticularActmustbeexaminedbecauseitisarelevant
inquiry.

7.Anexclusionofthejurisdictionofthecivilcourtisnottobereadily
inferredunless
theconditionsabovesetdownapply.

TheIndustrialDisputesAct,1947alsofurnishesanexampleofanAct
whichcreates
newrightsandobligationsandprovidesmachineryforadjudicationof
disputespertainingto

LITERAL
INTERPRETATIO
N:

them.TheSupremeCourthasheldthatifanindustrialdisputerelatesto
theenforcementofa

CONCEPTOF
LEGISLATIVE
PRIVILEGES

rightoranobligationcreatedundertheActthentheonlyremedyavailable
tothesuitistogetan

FUNDAMENTAL
DUTIES:ANEED
OFTIME:Rights
anddu...

adjudicationundertheAct.Thiscasewasfollowedinholdingthatfor
wrongscreatedbytheAct
theonlyremedyiswhatisprovidedintheAct.

DIRECTIVE
PRINCIPLESOF
STATEPOLICY
FundamentalDuties
FundamentalRights

PRESUMPTIONREGARDINGJURISDICTION
CONSTRUCTIONOFTAXINGSTATUTES

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8/18/2016

DESSERTATION:PRESUMPTIONREGARDINGJURISDICTION

INDIAN
CONSTITUTIONA
LLAW:THE
NEW
CHALLENGE

CONSTRUCTIONTOPREVENTABUSEIN
INTERPRETATIONOFSTATUTES

DEPENDENCY
THEORIESOF
JUSTICES

LIBERALCONSTRUCTIONOFREMEDIALSTATUTES

CONCEPTOF
JUSTICE
AnessayonLaw,
womenandsocial
change.
RESPONSESOF
LAWTOSOCIAL
INSTITUTIONSI.
RESPON...
AdjustmentofLaw
ofSocialneedsisa
continuing...
Whatarethe
provisionsunder
Indian
Constitution...
Legislative
Procedure,
Ordinaryand
moneybills,j...

EVASIONOFSTATUTESCONSTRUCTIONTOPREVENT
EVASION:

STRICTCONSTRUCTIONOFPENALSTATUTES
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