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ThePressureVesselPlatearticleprovides
you information about the ASME Code
requirementregardingplatematerialand
related points in the pressure vessel
inspection.

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PressureVesselPlateMaterials,thereare
lots of requirements and specific
prohibitionsintheASMEcode.
Some of these requirements are ASME
and Non ASME plate materials, plate
specifications, inspection requirements
and material test reports. This article
describestheserequirementsforyou.
WhatisASMEMaterial?
ASME Code Sec VIII DIV 1 requires the
materials that are used for pressure
containingpartstobeoneof:
Material specified in ASME section II
materials but with some restrictions,
which are stated in ASME Code Sec VIII
Div 1 in subsection C e.g. UCS, UHF,
UNF.

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PressureVesselPlate

Pressure
Vessel
Heat
Exchanger
Steam
Boiler
Storage
Tank
Pipeline
Piping
System
Industrial
Valve
Process
Heater

For
example,
SA 283
plate
material
is listed
in ASME
Sec
II,
but when
you refer
tosubsectionCinSecVIIIDiv1,yousee
it is not allowed to be used for lethal
substance services as well as for unfired
steam boilers. Also, you cannot use this
material when you need your thickness
tobegreaterthan5/8inch.

Rotary
Equipment
Centrifugal
Pump
Centrifugal
Compressor
Reciprocating
Compressor
GasTurbine
Steam
Turbine
Fanand
Blower

What is Difference Between ASTM


MaterialandASMEMaterial?

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When you refer to ASME Section II Part


A, you see all material with SA prefix
identificationandononesidethereisan
ASTM logo, and on the other side is
ASMElogo.
ButtheASTMprefixissingleA.

The material specification in ASME


SectionIIPartAwasoriginallydeveloped
E&I
byASTMandthenreviewedandadopted
Equipmentby ASME Code. That is the reason you
seebothsocieties'Logos.
Electric
Generator
Electric
Motor
Power
Transformer
Control
Panel
GasCircuit
Breaker
Switchgear
PowerCable

Youhavetriedtoaccessawebpagewh
violationofBGRITpolicy.

For example, if you open the SA 516


materialspecificationinASMESectionII,
material Part A, edition 2004, you will
seethisstatementbelowthepagetitle:
IdenticalwithASTMspecificationA516/
A516M90
This means you can use A 516 Edition
1990insteadSA5162004.
But if your ASTM material is A 516 and
notmanufacturedbasedonASTMEdition

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1990, you cannot use this material


unless you do the assessment based on
clauseUG10inASMESectionVIIIDiv1,
and your assessment result will
determineeitheritispermissible,oryou
need to do more tests to recertify this
material.

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Forsomematerials,thespecificationsare
not identical or may be identical with
someexceptions,soagainwecannotuse
these ASTM material unless we make an
assessment based on the above
mentionedclause(UG10)

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Is it possible to use Non ASME


material instead of ASME Section II
material?
The answer is Yes, but with some
conditions.Theseconditionsaraddressed
inUG10(a)asfollowingitems:

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Meltingmethod,meltingpractice,
deoxidation,qualityandheat
treatmenttobesamebetween
suggestednonASMEmaterialand
equivalentpermittedASMEsectionII
material.
Materialcertificateprovesthereisno
conflictinchemicalanalysisbetween
suggestednonASMEmaterialand
equivalentpermittedASMEmaterial.
Materialcertificateprovesthe
suggestednonASMEmaterialwas
producedandtestedinaccordance
toequivalentpermittedASME
material.
Thematerialcertificatetobe
recertifiedbytheequivalent
permittedASMEmaterialwitha
notationofCertifiedperUG10
Example:
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A manufacturer received an order for


manufacturing a pressure vessel with an
SA 516 Gr.60 pressure vessel plate
normalized material, but apparently this
materialisnotavailableinthemarket...
Sothematerialsupplierrecommendedto
the pressure vessel manufacturer to
purchase an available P265GH material
instead. The manufacturer requested a
copy of the material certificate for
P265GH to verify for recertification per
UG10.
Pressure
Vessel
Assessment:

Manufacturer

Step 1: Checking of melting method,


melting practices, deoxidation, and heat
treatment
P265GH is produced based on the
European
EN10028
Standard,
manufacturer controls plate material
certificateandconfirms:
Melting method, practice, deoxidation
and heat treatment are consistent with
SA 516 Gr.60 specification, the current
available P265GH material produced by
basic oxygen process and secondary
vacuum process refinement and both
normalized.
Step 2: Plate material certificate prove
there is no conflict in chemical analysis
between the suggested nonASME
material and the equivalent permitted
ASMEmaterial.
The manufacture controlled chemical
analysisinpressurevesselplatematerial
certificate of P265GH with SA 516 Gr.60
specificationandconfirmeverythingisin
specificminimumorrangedlimits.
Step 3: Plate material certificate prove
the suggested nonASME material
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produced and tested in accordance to


equivalentpermittedASMEmaterial.
Manufacturer the first control with the
required number of test specimens for
eachmechanicaltest,aswellasthesize
of specimens and confirm that both
standardsarethesame
Thenchecktheplatematerialmechanical
test result for yield stress, tensile
strength and elongation and confirm all
areinspecificrangeofSA516Gr.60.
Manufacturer control for plate material
impact test requirement and notice
impacttestcarriedoutbyISOVmethod
andin53degreeF
But SA 516 Gr.60 requires to be impact
tested in 60 degree F with Charpy V
notch test method based on SA 370
Specification so there are two conflicts
here. First is the test method, and
seconderisinthetesttemperature.
So
pressure
vessel
manufacturer
requests that the plate material supplier
provide a test plate and send the test
piece to a laboratory for impact testing
basedtheSA516Gr.60specification.
The lab test report confirms that the
P265GHplatematerialcoverstheSA516
Gr.60impacttestingrequirement.
Step 4: The material certificate is to be
recertified by the equivalent permitted
ASME material with a notation of
CertifiedperUG10.
ThemanufacturerpurchasestheP265GH
plate material and changes the marking
on the plate and also rectifies the
material test report with SA 516 Gr.60
material. This material identification will
beSA516Gr.60
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In the above example, a vessel


manufacturer with doing extra tests
recertified a non ASME pressure vessel
platematerial.
In some other cases, this might not be
possible even by extra testing for
example if the tensile strength is less
thantheASMEpermittedmaterial.
Sometimes it might be recertified even
without any extra test when everything
falls in the limitation range of the ASME
permittedmaterial.
What is the Other Requirement for
PressureVesselPlate?
UG93 in ASME Code Sec VIII Div 1
specifies requirements for plate material
inspection.
Based on this clause, only plate material
is require to have a material test
certificate(MTR).
It means this requirement only can be
applied for plate material for other
material such as pipe and flange, MTR's
are not required and marking on the
materialswouldbeacceptable.
You need to inspect the plate material
per specification of ASME Sec II Part A.
For example, for SA 516 Gr.60 refer to
this specification and check the chemical
composition, mechanical property with
yourMTR.
YouneedtocheckthattheHeatNumber
stated in MTR is the same stenciled on
the plate material marking and make
surethisMTRbelongstothismaterial.
You need to check your pressure vessel
plate dimensions, such as thickness,
width, length, weight as per tolerances
stated in specification SA 20. Visual
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PressureVesselPlate

inspection for surface defects also need


tobedonebasedonSA20specification.

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