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The Advanced Research Projects Agency Network (ARPANET) was an early packet
switching network and the first network to implement the protocol suite TCP/IP. Both
technologies became the technical foundation of the Internet. ARPANET was initially funded by
the Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA) of the United States Department of Defense.[1]

The packet switching methodology employed in the ARPANET was based on concepts and
designs by Americans Leonard Kleinrock and Paul Baran, British scientist Donald Davies, and
Lawrence Roberts of the Lincoln Laboratory.[6] The TCP/IP communications protocols were
developed for ARPANET by computer scientists Robert Kahn and Vint Cerf, and incorporated
concepts by Louis Pouzin for the French CYCLADES project.
LAN Network Topologies

Network topologies can take a bit of time to understand when you're all new to this kind of cool
stuff, but it's very important to fully understand them as they are key elements to understanding
and troubleshooting networks and will help you decide what actions to take when you're faced
with network problems.
This article explains the different network topologies found in today's networks. We examine Bus
Topology, Ring Topology, Star Topology, Mesh Topology, Hybrid Topology and many more.

What is the transmission media?

A transmission medium is a material substance (solid, liquid, gas, or
plasma) that can propagate energy waves. For example, the
transmission medium for sounds is usually air, but solids and liquids
may also act as transmission media for sound.