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250

W*

Oh

XXth Century

Sheet Metal Worker

H, E, OS3SOJUME

i

THE AMERICAN ARTiSAN

CH CACO

r

D1

fa

EiiSlilSliiaiffllMIBiaBiSBIllSil

Mi

x^'ZJ

Class

Book.

No. 27

Full

11

9'

COPYRIGHT DEPOSIT.

Lonptl

i'

'

2i"

LOO each

/ S.&H.CO.

N.Y. U.S.A.

(finmltiHatiou

HANDY TINNERS'

SNIPS.

cutting circular, straiKli# and irregular shapes.

combination

1"

110

19

18

No. 274 "Red Devil"

12"

13"

11

14"

Full Length

Length or Cut

-2!!r~^-2K''

This Snip

is

adapted

tool,

~.^L

Price, $ 1 .00

Cash with order

PriccTjKSOeach

eacli

NEW YORK CITY

Duane Street,

108=110

AND HARDWARE RECORD

THE TINNERS HELPER AND FRIEND

We

you

know you

will

be

interested

and want

to

show

how

Practical Tinshop conducted by expert tinners

who "know"

from experience.

Tinshop

let our

Department show you how to do

it

that's

how we

information

all

tells

where

to

storehouse

of

valuable

materials of

if

you have only the brand name, can put

touch with the manufacturer of any tool or machine.

information about the metal

You want

kinds, or

you

in

RELIABLE

market, to

tions,

know

in fact all

all

about the newest patents and invennews and doings of the Sheet

the

issue of

AND HARDWARE RECORD

gives

it.

Send

for Free

THE

AMERICAN ARTISAN

AND HARDWARE RECORD

DANIEL STERN,

CHICAGO,

ILL.

Warm

Air Furnaces

Reputation for RELIABILITY,

Established

ECONOMY

and

GENERAL EFFICIENCY

The FaultScienti-

less

fic

Heater

is

the acme of

furnace construction.

Furnace

experts

ac-

knowledge

its

superior-

ity-

It will

the

take

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all cases.

is

Unsurpassed.

HEAVY and MEDIUM WEIGHT

SEND FOR CATALOGUE

208

WATER

STREET,

NEW YORK

XXth

Century

A Modern

Treatise on

Sheet Metal

Modern

Work

BY

H. E.

OSBORNE

CHICAGO

1910

^0

in the

Year

by

H. E. Osborne

In the Office of the Librarian of Congress

at Washington, D. C.

CCI.A27S675

1908

TO

AND FRIEND

GRIFFETH

L.

JACKSON

IS

AFFECTIONATELY

DEDICATED

PREFACE

"Waste no time worrying over

to correct

of

loss

to the best of

it

time

and

your

material

ability,

with as httle

possible."

as

G.

L.

Jackson.

And

if

from

my

spent in

I

this

book

shall

prove to be of

as-

much

help

to just

its

have endeavored

to give in this

work

short, con-

by the young apprentice, and at the same time, sufficise explanations,

man.

Some

seem to be almost unnecessary, but I have remembered that even the most simple things have to be

as to

learned.

H. E. Osborne.

XXth Century

Sheet Metal Worker.

Having; a e^^^ii circle, to find the Bide of an equivalent square.

method gives

Either

square.

Having

a gk'oi

circle,

to

find

tJic

side

of an in-

scribed square.

Multiply the diameter by the decimal .7071, or, mulcircumference by the deciuidl .2251.

tiply the

The

first

method may

it

by 2 and then

the chord of the quadrant.

To

i)iscribe

a square in a

is

circle.

to each other, and connect the extremities of the diameters by straight lines drawn from A to B, B to C,

Draw

the

etc.

To

To

AC, add

versed sine.

To make

rical terms.

to

it

and dispense with the geometSquare the length from A to C, and add

this plain,

to

result

by twice C D.

The

To and

the center

ABD.

is

pro-

duced.

chords

AB

draw

bisect them,

lines perpendi-

meet.

cular to the chords, and extending until they

The point of meeting will be the center of the circle

is a portion.

describe a circle cutting any three points, arranged in any position other than a straight line.

To

drawn perpendicular from the centers of these

lines

lines

To find the length of an arc, zvhen the number of de-

Multiply the number of degrees by the

grees

it

.01745, and

To

decimal

number

of de-

rule,

and

To

area.

To

1st.

When

the

circumference

the radius (one-fourth the diameter), or multiply onehalf the circumference by one-half the diameter.

2d.

When

is

The space between two circles of unequal

size.,

and

and subtract the square of the lesser from the

circle,

the decimal .7854.

To

(as

A)

as center,

ference in

B and

then in C.

Then

To

inscribe a

hexagon

in a circle.

Then

bisect the arc C D in F, and the arc B D in G,

and

Or

may

it

This

is

the most

common method.

To

Draw

the diameters

AP

MN

and

at right angles to

ON

at E.

From A

and B, and the hne AB being applied

times around the circle will form the pentagon.

as center,

and

the points

five

to the

shall be proportionate

Fig.

I.

To draw

struct a square

square.

square.

Fig.

a square

2.

upon

half

its

length.

Draw diagonal lines from corner to corner

Fig.

Fig, !

of

the

given

square,

Fig.

2,

square upon

To draw

3.

and construct

Fig. 3.

a diagonal line from corner to corner

construct a square upon the diagand

of the square,

Draw

square.

onal.

This

is

Fig. 4.

To

a given square.

2.

Extend the

to a length equal to

its

diagonal,

to B,

and from

XXTll

draw a hne to the op(B to C), upon which

posite corner of

tiie

square

construct a square.

Fig.

I.

To draw

given square.

Fig.

length of one side

tlie

4.

given square.

area.

Fig.

5.

To draw

given square.

its

original length,

the

square.

square

to

(B to C), upon which construct a

of the extension

of

Extend one

METAL WORKER.

Pig. 5.

To

describe an

i\i:^g-sliapC(i oz'al.

the round

and draw two diameters at right

angles, as shown in cut.

Then draw a straight line

from each end of one of the diameters through the extremity of the other diameter and extending indefi-

end of the

nitely.

figure,

With each

tlie opposite end of the diameter just to the diagonal

line.

Then with

10

end arc, which completes the fig;urc.

To draw an

A B

and radius from A

and C indefinitely towards D.

Let

as centers,

from

through

AD

at

G.

C make arcs from

Draw

a straight line

C D at F. And

C through B intersecting

the arc

to

Space the arcs between A and G. and between C

and

same number of equal spaces, continuing

one or two of the spaces beyond G and F towards D.

Connect the points marked on A D with the point C,

and the points marked on C D with the point A, and

draw a freehand line through the intersections of these

into the

lines.

To

each

circular ring thus formed being equal to the

of

area of each of the others and to the circle in the center.

Draw

a straight line

B. and space

upon

it

it

into the

A B

num-

and draw

each of the points to the circumference of

a semicircle, and

B from

Bisect

the semicircle, as c, d, c, and

Then with A as center

and rachus A c describe the inner circle. The next

with radius A d, &c., as shown in cut.

12

f.

To draw

from

a line

perpendicular

to

B

Let

R C

and

and

Tlien with

set off

B and C

B

as

two arcs intersecting at D. Draw A D and it will be

C.

Place one foot of the dividers at anv reasonable

Or,

if

the point

point, as P.

is

to A.

Then with

P

to

13

A, describe a semi-

Through C. where the circle cuts the line B A, and the

point P, draw the line C P D. Then draw A D, and it

circle, or a

will

To draw from

line,

i^ic'cii

B A.

Let

Then from

the point

as a center,

and with

a radius

14

an

arc cutting the line B D in the points B and D then

;

mark

draw

Or

given

line.

if

Draw

or

draw

will be

it

the point

FA

the line

Bisect

C.

E, and

is

perpendicular to

Then with F

and

it

will be perpendicular to

Triangle

2nd position.

Triepi

1st pQS

tion.

D.

line

as center,

CD

B D.

AD

D, and

to

at F.

B and

D, as

and F

A, and

To

draiv a line to a

gkrn

p.oint,

AB

15

and pcrf^cndicidar

trianij^le.

Place the long edge of the triangle against the rule

Let

v^ath the

AB. Then

Then draw CD

the short side touches the point C.

and

it

Of

will be

AB.

can be used.

and parallel to a

""

I

gii'en line.

'TrlangTe

2nd position, jy

a given point,

i6

Let

AB

Place the rule and triangle the same as in the previous example, and slide the triangle until the top

the top edge from C towards D, and it will be parallel

to the line

To draiu

AB.

a straight line equal to a given arc, an arc

curvature equal

line,

or an arc of different

to a gii'en arc.

1^

Pig. 1.

Space the given arc, Figure i, into 4 equal spaces

by the intermediate points i, 2, 3. Draw

tangent

to the arc at A, and with A as center and radius A i

mark D (the chord of yi the arcj. Then with D as

AC

will be the

Or,

if

D B

same length

as

E, and

A K

B.

it

into

equal spaces, and with the

center, strike the arc

Also,

A B

let

first

B, and

point of division

A B

will equal

unequal curvature.

Space

A F

B, as in the

17

D

A

as

E.

an arc of

first

proposi-

arcs at A, and with D as center and radius D B, draw

tion,

the arc

To

to F.

develop,

Then

A F

will equal

B.

and

size

Fig. 2.

On

C D, and with D as center and radius

D, describe the indefinite arc X X. Set off from C,

slant height

i8

and with E as center describe the complete circle.

Draw a radius E F perpendicular to A B and space

Erect a per-

C which

pendicular at

will

one of the 4 equal spaces of the quarter circle, marked

o.

With o as center and radius o F describe the arc

from

or

Then C G

equals

F,

Now

H, and two steps from C to I, and

with D. Allow edges for lock and

distance from

connect

pattern

is

and

to

I

complete.

The Octagon.

To

or a

circle,

Use the steel square, and after drawing a

cfttier,

line the

12,

or 6 and

6,

or any

on the

bers just at the end of the line,

being caYeful to

make

draw

Continue

crosses

it

num-

this process,

same

length,

last

drawn

line

Here A B is the first side drawn,

A B

is

then placed on

of the

line.

Then

19

Swing the square around onto B C as

the blade.

shown bv the dotted outline and draw the next side.

'

//

'

S.

-V

^v.

k<The Octagon,

If the

work

is

line

B C

is

shown

line.

little

But

off

if

from the

the square

end B of the line A B, then B C would just reach the

22 inch mark on the blade.

Of

may

be

made

in this

20

drawing those with shorter sides.

Diam.

Diameters and Circumferences of

To

find the

any given

in

21

Circles.

the table, multiply by

2,

The circumference of 28 is 2 times

the circumference of 140

is

3, 4,

10 or any

that of 14.

And

The

43.98. and to find the circumference of 140 multiply 43.98 by 10. which is done by

removing the decimal point one place to the right,

making 439.8.

circumference of 14

is

Draw

in Fig.

i.

Span

strike

an arc

D.

given diameter, as

through

Set

C E

ofi'

or

or F, another

line

on

F.

this arc

from C, the

12 inches long,

and the

distance from A to G will be the circumference of

the diameter C E, or from A to H will be the circum-

22

inches

good

F.

diameter which, being just 2 times 3 13/16,

This rule

is

for

all

12"

B G would be swung around to form a continuation of A B. thus making the distance from A to

G 24 inches, which is just a little more than the true

circumference of 7^, which is 23.955.

A very convenient way of applying this method is

the line

23

3 13/16 inches from the center c f the rivet in the mid-

8 3/16 on one

and at

two end

dle joint,

which would be

15 13/16

and spreading the legs so that the

at

leg,

marked

will be the distance apart equal to the required cir-

cumference.

principle.

B is the hinged joint, and the lines from

Fig. 2

B

It

is

shown spread

here

measures

11 inches

circumference.

Some Remarkable

We are

and

> outh up, that the diameter

of a circle multiplied by 3.1416 equals the circumference, and that the square of the diameter multiplied

however, have not been so generally taught:

That the diameter divided by .3183 equals the circumference.

the diameter.

That one-half the circumference multiplied by onehalf the diameter equals the area.

And

area.

plain figure bounded by an outline of equal

other

length.

That

in

any

circle

whose diameter

is

less

than 4

24

the area

is

less

lineal units of the

is

less

i.

e.,

the

num-

circumference.

area are represented by the same number, each being

12.5664, while in all circles whose diameters are more

That

if

the diameter

is

proportions of one to the other advance by a regular

ratio, or progression, as will

table:

Diameter.

Table.

.4 area equals circum. divided by 10.

.5 area equals circum. divided by 8.

.1

4.

2.

5 area equals circum. multiplied by l546 area equals circum. multiplied by ij^.

7 area equals circum. multiplied by i^.

8 area equals circum. multiplied by

10 area equals circum. multiplied by

12 area equals circum. multiplied

16 area equals circum. multiplied

20 area equals circum. multiplied

2.

2^.

by 3.

by 3^.

by 4.

by 4^2.

by 5.

28 area equals circum. multiplied by

6.

36 area equals circum. multiplied by

40 area equals circum. multiplied by

8.

48 area equals circum. multiplied by

11.

7.

g.

10.

12.

25

To use the table: Find the circumference by reference to the table of diameters and circumferences

or

given in another chapter, or by any rule, and divide

number given

multiply by the

in

this table

opposite

6.2832, which divide by 2 and the

circum. of which

is

to be

of which is 37.6991, which this table shows is

required

multiphed by 3. 37-6991 X3=ii3-0973- the

area

is

area.

ratio of increase of the multipliers continues

The

the

same

indefinitely, increasing ,^

used

increase of diameter, so that this table may be

than

for finding the area of circles of other diameters

If the diameter is 9 multiply the circum.

by ^Ya. If 49 multiply by 12^4. If 50. by I2>4.

The multiplier con51, by 12^, and if 52, by 13.

ditinuing to increase one unit for each 4 units of

whose

Hence, to find the area of a circle

ameter.

Thus,

diam. is 400, multiply the circumference by 100.

those given.

In other words, multiply the circumference by onefourth the diameter to find the area of any circle.

Scale of Hundredths.

And someinch.

an

of

hundredths

tain number of

considerable

that

such

is

number

times the required

to retime, and much figuring would be necessary,

It

duce

it

to a

common

scale of

fraction.

hundredths

is

great convenience in

26

one,

a

it

may

be

if

made very

and space horizontally into ten equal spaces by parallel lines, and it is a good plan to continue these lines

several inches along the tin.

Space

it

the other

parallel lines

draw the

way

and draw

That is,

side, thus forming e

triangle with one inch perpendicular, and one-tenth

the

first

first line

space

inch base.

mark on opposite

Draw

parallel to the

first,

and you

will

have a similar

tri-

To

num-

ber of whole inches and place both points on the reline, .01, .02, etc., according to the number of

hundredths to be added, with one point exactly on line

A B. Then hold the other point firmly and extend

the one resting on line A B to the intersection of the

quired

rest.

2-

inches, and place one point on the intersection of the

line .06 with the line A B, and holding the other point

on line .06, extend the point on A B to the intersection

of the

first

With

readily

to X.

diasfonal line.

To find 1.99" extend dividers from

this scale

found.

Or

for 1.92,

from v

to v, etc.

28

It

certain

is

it

at hand.

Steel Square.

desirable to find a

there

is

no protractor

lowing table

will be

Table.

Inches.

No. I

Deg.

No. 2

Deg.

45

40

45

50

1-2

lo i/i6

8 13/32

;.

6 15/16

19/32

-35

55

30

60

25

65

22'{.

(,r/2

AVs

3 7/32

20

70

15

75

2 3/32

10

80

1/16

85

90

EXPL.\N.\TI0N OF T.^BLE.

line

tongue

is

on the

And

the column of inches, on the other edge, will be, at

the 12". the number of degrees indicated in the column

of degrees marked "No. i." And where it intersects

the outer edge of the other arm of the square, it will

be the number of degrees indicated in the column

line

As the cut shows, the angles given

in

column No.

and B.

Chimney Tops.

An

try,

many

tinners to quickly

draw patterns

Really this

sition piece,

29

is

a tran-

a square or rec-

The pattern

that

it

is

better to lay

and the other cut by

it

off

pieces,

may

e so quickly

on the sheet

drawn

to be used,

it.

will

dicular base, and tapered to fit a

The seams

he in the middle of the narrow sides.

At

^ect

to

B,

scribe at right angles across it, a line, as

or bench after reaching the edge of the iron. This

line is the center "\t

tl'

c half pattein.

center line at B W2

scribe

up from F to D 4^*,

Then with the square

F.

connect

C and D.

and

and from E to C 4^^",

to E,

From the center line at

and H. For

the circumference of top each way to

7* pipe about 5 inches each way, making 10 inches for

same proportion 10 to 22, or 5 to 11 which would

be about 85^ for 6-inch pipe, and about 11^ for 8the chord

inch.

30

Next place the blade of square at G and 6J/2 inches

from G to I, and from I to C, then slide the square

down 4^ inches, keeping the blade to the line G I,

C.

Continue the

from

to A.

63/2 inches,

line J

line.

around to D,

Mark

etc.,

to

and connect

where

it

and

intersects

line

from

With A as center and radius A G strike the arc G

H. Tlien draw lines from D to H, and from D to K,

also from C to G and C to K.

Lay off the allowance

for lock along- each edge as

shown by dotted

lines,

and

cut out.

so the

bends can be the more easily made on the lines C K

and D K. Notch in from F to D and from E to C,

leaving an allowance to rivet.

Mark the other half

by this, being careful to prick the points K, C, and D.

Fold the bottom edge y\ inch over flat, and then

straight out, to make a good stiff edge at bottom.

Fig. 1.

32

Now fold the edg^e locks, one out and the other

in,

or in the brake if you have one, on the lines G C, K C,

H D and K D, forming about square at C and D, and

running out to round at top end G K H. Lock the

the

same

which bend on lines I C, C D, etc., to bring the 4-inch

base strip to perpendicular, and rivet the corners.

Chimney

is

Saddles.

a very

important

article,

and

much

ney,

is

all run off quickly, while the flashing usually

water to

Fig.

Fig.

2.

in place

roof.

behind a chimney

A, B, C,

and

being

a side elevation.

E the perpendicular line of chimney, B C

of roof,

To

the

width desired for high point of saddle, and E

33

the

Suppose, for example, the roof is 1/3 pitch, and the

chimney is 26 inches wide, and the saddle to be 6

Make B C. at right angles

inches wide at high point.

to A E, and 6 inches long.

And E, i inch long, parallel

to

Next

and lay

[')

to

from

C.

it

off as

shown

6 inches and

to B,

angles on line

E and C

E.

in Fig. 3.

and from

E E, and

Bend

at

to

B C

16x28 inches

is 4 inches,

Cut straight in

C.

Then bend at right

about 1/3 pitch on lines C

D6

D to

to

to

inches.

B C

is

as high

in

Fig. 2.

Pig. 3.

above the ends

at

as the distance

B E

over the V-shaped opening A B. Turn the wide side

E D E down flat on bench and solder a gore over the

opening D C. These gores should also l)c riveted to

prevent the solder breaking, and they should both be

Rest

it

XXTII

34

Fig, 4,

Fig. 4

article

gores.

i and 2 are shown square miter patterns

octagon and half round gutter, the inside and out-

In Figures

for

"^ide

same width

In Fig.

XXTIl

may

be varied at will: o to

2 to

3,

in.

}i in.

6 to

7,

3 to 4,

in.

in.

i.

I2

4 to

in.;

5,

in.

to 2.

;

35

-ji

in..;

5 to 6,

2/2

7 to 8, i>^ in.

is

Pig. 1.

very convenient size of gutter to make, as a 3()-inch

sheet of iron will cut 4 pieces without waste.

To

draw

from o to 8, and any de-

a stretch-out 9 inches

sired len.Qth.

same measurements

as

2 3,

0123.

etc..

etc., in profile.

the

Draw

36

lines

in

profile to

intersect

ai d the two patterns are

complete, by which any nu nber of pieces may be

Cut on the miter

piece on

the

line,

space

lines,

for bending.

In cutting out by

half inch longer

to

form a

and notched

lap, as a

much

in at

stronger job

is

made by

so

to

have no

i7

Prick

prick marked i 2 3, etc., and cut 9 inches long.

each end of the piece by this pattern, and it is then

In forming up, put the

0123

to dot 2, and bend square up.

in,

Bend square

up.

around and put in to dot 4, and bend up to

back to 5 and bend to 45, then 6 and 7 each

It is a good plan to cut a. stay the exact

profile, and form the gutter to the shape of

Turn

i,

it

45, pull

45.

shape of

the stay,

as nearly as possible.

In Fig. 2

is

shown

The bead

pattern

is

part is just half of an elbow pattern, and each part

may be laid out by any method of elbow with which

workman is familiar.

The bead in Fig. 2 is shown somewhat out

the

is

of pro*

the sami

Box Gutter.

I

me to put it in properly, and not

same manner, I will describe my present method.

And, by the way, I rather like the work.

We will suppose we have a box gutter job which is

the

38

to finish

which

is

Make up

if

common

sufficient

flat

in the shop),

and of

to.

and you have a 30-inch header which turns a ^-inch

bead, cut the tin in 5-inch strips, and cut in with the

snips }i of an inch deep in each end of each piece, 2

inches from one edge, as shown at A, Fig. i.

Notch

gutter

Box Gutter

Fig. 1.

r

----

the other

enough

Next

opposite

---A?

directions,

clear

down

edge

C D up

end and

also.

same as for

valley,

i.

e.,

in

so as to lock

square, or a

little

more.

Then

fold the

straighten

as

shown by dotted lines B A at each end of cut Y

Hammer

these ends

down

pretty

flat

39

in

with the

Fig.

mallet, so they will slip into the header readily. Then

bead the edge B B, turning the bead on the side oppoI.

site to

C D.

is shown in Fig.

down, the opturned

bead

the

shows

2, which clearly

of one end,

fold

the

up

and

turned

up,

posite edge

end.

other

the

of

fold

down

the

but does not show

deck

the

cover

to

pieces

these

of

Get out enough

for

enough

wide

(14-inch

is

strip, and enough valley

An

Pig. 2.

it

is

well

soldered.

slip the bead of the next over that, and pushing them

together far enough to let the fold A C catch over the

fold A D, and then pulling back till they lock together.

Nail close to the fold C D, so the heads will be covered when it is hammered down, and put an occasional

slim nail through the bead into the edge of crown

mould

shown

as

When

at

the bead

in Fig. 3.

is all

in place,

up edge at C, Fig. 3. Take this measure at the low

point of gutter, and again at the high point, and trans-

of gutter at

and bend up with tongs or straight edge and

Then measure the width of gutter B to D, at

fer these

valley,

mallet.

40

depth, and bend square up.

Next

hold

foot, to

it

down, and start the

and hammer it down

to an angle, and then clinch it tight with cleating tongs

Fig. 3.

or plyers, and finish

Then,

still

the back at

E down

an occasional

it is

nail,

down

flat

onto the roof boards, and put in

to be tinned, turn

thus leaving

it

is

full

if

finish

so desired.

this

kind of

Slit

at

F and

if

blind

without gutter,

to be shingled, but

finish.

narrow

may

also be used

Using, however,

strips.

two ends and one side, straighten out the narrow part

of the end folds, just as described, and turn the bead

the same as shown on the narrow strips.

METAL WORKER.

mention

in their

it

manner of doing things, and

41

might be well to

I

Tinners differ

do not claim

But I mention these mathoping to help some workman who has met with

the same difificulties that have hindered me so many

to

ters,

times.

Then

to spare.

little

D E in towards each other, and the

bottom, BD, up. ^^rim off the surplus tin and solder

bend, B,

Bend C B and

An

end

cases this

And

in

may

is

no advantage, and takes much longer.

is

quite an

and well, stands a better show than the one who does

them ever so well, but works slowly.

object,

Tlie

ElUpse or Oval.

manner, which so nearly

approximates the true ellipse as to answer the purpose

for most tin shop work.

A very accurate method, however, is by the string

and nail process. Fig. i is drawn in this manner.

Draw A B the length of the major axis and bisecting it at right angles draw C D the length of the

minor axis. With C or D as center and one-half the

dividers and

of

two radii.

drawing them in

this

42

major axis. Drive nails at E. F and C, and tie a

string tightly around the three nails. Remove the nail

at C and with a pencil or scriber draw the ellipse,

keeping the string

tight.

figure

is

bounded

43

two points within, called foci."

In this figure,

E and F

in the

curve to

same point to E is the same as the combined

44

the

two

curve, and

is

])oints to

dis-

in the

of the major

lenj::^th

axis.

composed of arcs of circles, having three different radii and eight centers, hence it is called the

In

Fig".

elHpse,

To draw an

C D

Mark

indefinitely.

points

it

O P

A B

draw

the

at right angles

on C

by

the length

of minor axis.

to determine the radii to be used, draw X Y

X Z, Fig. 3, forming any convenient angle at X.

With X as center and radius equal to half the short

axis strike the arc V W. With same center and radius

Now

and

S,

and

X U

parallel to

w^ill

S draw \' U and R T.

W and

Then

tremities of the

major

and

axis,

XR

minor axis.

For the radius of the arcs to connect the side arcs

with the end arcs take the length of the semi-minor

for the side arcs at the extremities of the

which

(in Fig. 3)

is

distance

On A B

U.

off from

to

and

S, hence

the distance

.\

F, each equal

O.

of Fig. 2 set

And

X V

-\

oft"

and B

and

from O to J and P to I each equal

With C

as center

and radius

O.

Lay

equal to

X R

each equal to

to

O.

2,

45

F as centers and radius E G or F H

and

With E

4.

intersecting the arcs

G and

through

strike the arcs

and

2 4. Draw a hne

i

points

the

3

I 2 and 3 4 at

and with

FiG. 4.

X Q, and

through E from i to 5 equal

F

through

same

the

from 3 to 6 same length, and

from 2 to 7 and from 4 to 8.

From C through i and 2 draw lines the length of

X R, and from D through 3 and 4 same length, endin

ing at

9,

10, II

and

12.

length to

With C as center and radius C P (or X R) draw

the arc 9 10, and with D as center and same radius

draw II 12. With E and F as centers and radius E A

(or X U

draw 5 6 and 7 8. Then with i, 2, 3 and 4

46

B

Pig, 5.

respectively as centers and radius

to 5

(or

Q)

and 6 to II. This completes the eight centered ellipse,

which

is

Figures 4 and 5 are of the four centered kind, using

Fig.

I,

only two radii.

\g. 4

To draw

and

Fig. 4

bisect

it

is,

AB

than Fig.

make

5.

C D

right

at

set off the length of required minor

angles to

axis.

it

From A

marked E, and

divide

3 of these spaces,

E B

(which

47

is

axis,

With

and describe circles with radius A M or B G. Take

the distance from

from x x marking the points I and

From I and J draw lines through H and G reJ.

spectively, as J to I and 2. and I to 3 and 4.

circles

and

set off

With I and

draw the arc

And with J as center and same

3 4.

For Fig.

5,

width desired.

then

E B

difference,

is

draw

2,

From

15

and

set

which

is

V, for radius,

I.

Draw

Take

and with

the chord

to E,

half this

G

I

as

and

With G as center and radius G K mark

Draw lines from L and N both ways

M

through K and M, and use K, L, M and N respectively for the centers from which to draw the four

bisect

it

at J.

the arc J K.

L,

and N.

These four figures are all drawn to the same dimeni.e, the same lengths of axes, and the different

sions,

48

(Fig. i) are readily detected.

Oval Flaring: Pan.

Having described

several methods of drawing ellipand oval figures, and knowing that many workmen have their own rules for drawing the oval, I will

omit that part here, and give an easy short rule for

pattern for the body of flaring oval pans.

tical

Around

ABC.

depth

B,

indefinitely

I.

as the radius I

x of

B mark F

required flare

from B as the

of one side of pan,

once the

longer than

as far

flare

distance from

to

On A

Then draw from F

intersect B C at C. The

i.

E.

is

I

draw

of pan desired. From D draw D E parallel to

and make the distance from D to E the same

Fig.

body

to

fit

X 2) of the oval.

D E

mark

end radius of

from

mark

f the same

B

oval (A H

plus

fee,

which

will be

distance

the flare, and draw

the

radii

for

end

portion

parallel to F E C, and gives

Next, on

the length of

e,

of body.

Now

draw

a center line

C E

H^

of Fig.

Fig.

i.

2.

and with

as

measured with a

With same

bent strip or by stepping with dividers.

center and radius C F draw the arc K L limited by

Then K I J L

lines drawn from H through I and J.

equal in length to

x 2

of the oval,

is

is

to be

made

in

No-.v

two

we

49

will sup-

Fig,,

1.

Set

I J L.

add half the end pattern to each end of

seams

at the ends.

To

so

from

off

I,

c f of Fig.

length to one-half the end arc of oval^ as

i or

4

and radius

of Fig.

to

k and

arcs

locks,

From

4.

1.

k and

With same

1.

Add

centers

and radius

and

draw

is

body.

If the

body

is

to be in four pieces,

make

lock allow-

ance at K I and L J, and draw the two end halves

in

one

and 2 are drawn

piece,

Figs.

to both ends of

it.

F'\g.

is

to illustrate Figs,

and 2 of

Fig.

all

reason

is

radii,

i)

4.

for radii, as

correct

this

this chapter.

0--

Above

For

C D and

of Fig.

radii.

Pan Corners.

come up true under the

wire.

at

And

there are

only guess

In this chapter I will mention three methods, by

it,

52

that it would not be profitable to use guess work, and

thev are

all

accurate methods.

Fig. 1.

know that it is any better or quicker than either

not

of the others.

On

a perfectly square

ABC

Parallel to these lines

the points

and

set off

make

in

D E

Fig.

i.

from them

F.

From

flare,

bottom.

and

I,

Draw

lines

at

to J.

it

coincides with

the line

handle

is

Then swing

J.

on H J as shown

till

53

the

in Fig. 2,

blade from

B.

Reverse the

FiS. 2.

I

to the

on

line as before.

or square in to

and

may

at

to cut accurately

when

the piece

three corners,

this

I,

line I J,

measure from

along line

A B

located.

along

line

place the

B C

little

To

do

And from

Then

of

its

54

Mark

or

at the point

found by measure.

the sheet.

which

because the line J

when

is in

J will

occupy

mark B

J at

to o'

Nb

J to o

o'.

Scribe from

Si

the position

55

1/

and from

to o',

56

changed

and

Then

and L.

J at

span dividers from

to L, and starting at

set

by the straight edge from H to N, and from I to the

point of intersection with B J, and cut out as before.

step off twice that distance

by means of the bevel and by applying this angle again

we produced the line H N (or the line corresponding

to H N) at twice that angle with the line A B, and

in this case, by stepping twice the distance K to L on

an equal arc, we produce H N at just twice the angle

of

As

J.

may

practice

all

the corners

first

in

except

the lines of cut, and then complete one, and use the

piece for pattern for the others.

J,

J and

bends when

A

of

Because the

forming up.

I

snap bottom

lineJ

making the

may

given a

deflection

in

the

"setting

down machine."

may be made in this manner, quickly and neatly.

a double steam, and perhaps just slightly wider.

too wide, however.

Not

and run it in the setting down machine, holding the

57

in the

article up enough to begin to just start a deflect

bottom, and continue to raise gradually until the seam

an angle of about 45 degrees, as shown in the section of bottom underneath the cup, in drawing.

With very little practice, and a good setting down

is

at

Section of Bottom.

neat job.

down machine, if it is a very small seam,

the setting

finished,

tight.

If the

58

seam

is

is

it

between

used in handling

may

be made.

As

triangulation

is

irregular and complicated shapes, this

ter is

second chap-

And

process.

believe,

if

desired article, by this very useful and simple process.

Figure i is a perspective view of a common shape

Fig.

1.

more

a transition piece, or

transition piece, and is the portion for

collars

is

which we

This boot

is

to

fit

diameter, and to

in

is

fit

In practice

tive.

workman has

his

it

And even

is

the elevations

may

be omitted,

if

the

shown

at

the bottom of

Fig-.

2.

the

circle

SO

and the

parallelogram.

Space the

circle into

angles as

shown

Pig.

'

Construct a diagram of

tri-

Make

2.

the j)erpen(Iicular

P>

angles to

it,

and of

indefinite length.

With

the divid-

6o

from E on tlie base Hne of the diagram of

triangles, marking each one for future references.

Then take the distances from X to 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 and

to E,

I.

2,

3,

to the right

10.

Now

draw

BED,

making B E equal

ED

(BE

E D

equal to

of

allelogram)

distance from

to

set to

these at

on the

foot at

of

B on

circle place

one foot of

an arc made by the other spanned from D, thus locating the point i of the irregular curve of pattern.

Keep

pair

from B

to 2

on the

urements thus

pattern.

until 5

Then take

is

of

at 2,

to

5-X from B

on the D of T and span downward from 5 on the pattern and meet it with a measurement from D equal

to D X on the plan (the width of the parallelogram)Then proceed with the remaining distances the same

as with the first quarter of the circle, except

from

instead of

to locate 6, 7, 8,

from 5 to X as well as from

9 and

to take the

5 to

we span

10.

measurement

fcr

point X

it to the D of T in order to locate the

6i

of

the pattern.

Now

tance lo to G shown

and meet it with the

pattern

on

lO

downward from

in

Fig.

distance

X G

of plan

3.

to X, from X to G and

from G to lo, and by drawing a free hand curve

through B, 1,2, 3, 4, 5, 6 7, 8. 9 and 10, which com-

found by straight lines from

drawn in the same manner, or by cutting out this

half and scribing around it.

The end elevation was referred to once in the above

description, and a measurement from that elevation

pletes one-half the pattern.

have located it without the end elevation, by measuring across from 10 to G on the plan and transferring

the

of the

tion, and of the pattern as well.

D of T, then

G of the eleva-

62

Of

ends of pattern together, and

course, an allowance

For convenience

in

viz.: A

dimensions-

describing

we

tapered pipe

(frustrum

of

and

height, intersected by a straight pipe 2 inches in

diameter, at an angle of 30 degrees to the axis of the

tapered pipe.

To

for

the

above descril^ed

article

Draw

a center line

AB

and with

C on

of the tapered

pipe,

C(jn-

surrounded by

this line as

Then draw

at right angles to

B,

upward any convenient distance to the points D and

E.

Connect D and E by a straight line parallel to

the diameter drawn in plan, and at right angles to

A B, thus forming the base of an elevation of the

article.

On

the

where it

through

make

D E.

until

center

line

inches

L draw G F

D E, mark Y. and

Y and parallel to

Connect E F and D G and continue the lines

they meet on the center line at A.

it

the side

FF

of elevation

center

line

J K.

Now

and

B,

63

represented by the straight lines

at

drop dotted

lines

from

and

K down

to the

point

midway between

of equal spaces, here 12.

lines

circle

through

tliese

From

it

into

center

space points

just

any number

C draw

radial

the

outer

to

draw

64

from

upward

meet these on

to

D E,

to

and radial

lines

E.

line I J

upon

it

it

each

in

us the true elevation view of the shape of the base of

To

develop

stretchout

^Nl

semi-circle

shown by

the

XOP

pattern

J and space

this

pipe

into

it

K.

12 equal spaces as

making an elbow

Then

and stretchout,

HK

to inter-

To

to

draw the

as in

for

draw

from

the

same

pattern.

and with radius A G the arc S T. Step off one-quarter of the large circle in plan into any desired number

in

found

nect

in

RT

if

is

desired

the quarter circle on the arc O R, and conand O S by drawing radial lines towards A.

piece

as

here

This will then be the pattern for half the tapered pipe.

If, however, it is desired to make the pattern in one

piece, step off four times the

65

OR.

To

to

draw the

fit,

here shown

from

it

in

radial line

the middle

way

AU

wherever desired

and

The

in small circle to the circumference of tlie base.

line

AU

of pattern

hence we space on

is

the

OR

same

line as

L'

in

plan,

Then

plan each side of U.

shown in

draw radial lines from A to all these points on O R.

Next draw parallel lines across the elevation from the

distances as

66

HK

angles to

at right

AB

and intersecting the side D G and with the dividers draw curves from the points where the horizontal Hues meet D G, using A as center to intersect

the radial lines drawn from A to O R, and through

the points

of

intersection

draw the

irregular

egg

All locks

and

laps

pattern lines.

To

gulation.

Draw

it the same as in the previous example.

Drop dotted lines from the points H and K to the

transverse diameter of plan and space the portion between them into 6 equal spaces, and with C as center

draw short concentric arcs through these space marks.

projection,

Draw

XY

dfaw

in

elevation and on

a semi-circle spacing

the

it

its

same

diameter

as the one

in elevation.

Draw

lines

XY

to intersect the

draw the

which represents the top

irregular curve as shown,

Now

pipe.

and project lines from these points up to base line

D E of elevation, and draw radial lines from A to

meet them.

Draw

parallel lines

XXTII

67

HK.

Space one quarter of the large circle of plan into

6 equal spaces, and make lines towards the center C

and just to the small circumference, thus spacing the

small circle into the same number of equal spaces as

the large one. Number the points on the inner circle

diagonal line from i to 13 and set off its length on

base line of elevation as shown from 14 to 13, then the

distance from the center of the line F G and i. to the

1

to 7.

marked

point

on the base

13

GD

or

FE

is

Now draw

will

line,

to

13.

i

be the true

And

the side

R. the length of

DG

pair of dividers spanned to the length of the line i to

13 in elevation set one point at i at the top end of

the line T R. and with a second pair of dividers

spanned one of the spaces of the large circle of plan,

measure out from 14 at the lower end of the line T R

and mark a short arc across one made by the dividers

reaching from

tance

DG

i,

Next take

the dis-

locate 2 just the distance of one of the spaces of small

and keep them set to this disAnd as i to 13, and D to G happen, in this

tance.

instance, to be the same length, they can be used without change for both measurements. Now mark from

circle out

from

i.

It

is

68

measuring out with those set to the short spaces, and

so on until one-half, or if so desired, the whole pattern

is

To

completed.

tl.^

mark down on

distance from

to

(eleva-

locate the center * where the side lines of pattern

would cross, and using center * draw short arcs

through the points marked. (T\y the way, if the work

has been correctly done, the distance from O or R

to * will be the same as from D or E to A of elevation.)

Next measure from point F to each in turn

of the intersection points in curve between K and

tion)

and transfer them to the center line of pattern, measuring down from 7 each time, and draw an arc through

each using * as center. Now take the distance from

the center line, or rather the transverse diameter of

for the opening.

For pattern

draw

Space

elevation.

the center line

the length

in this

case about

AI

M N into 12 equal spaces and draw

VW

equal to

I,

parallel to

V W,

VW

of indefinite

I

and transfer each in turn to each side of the pattern.

69

measurement from each point as found, back to the

last preceding" point as sliown by the diagonal dotted

lines

Fruit Jar Filler.

The

in

article is

Figs.

and

made

2.

is

in

two

Fig.

is

pieces,

A, of Fig.

I, is

The edge

C and D

filler

here shown.

marked

and

e.

The edges

70

hemmed and flattened down in the

a a a a

are simply

burring

machine.

the fruit.

Fig. 3

shows the

may

and soldered at the point marked E.

readily

filler,

when once

becomes a

tried,

favorite

when

its

many

uses

become known

in a

sell

neigh-

borhood.

Elbozi's, angles, tecs,

etc., all

We

cut

will

ill

the

first

same manner.

consider a

square elbow I mean one of 90 degrees

Lay cut

it.

By

make

Then allow

as

much on each

We

will

now suppose we

degree elbow

sheet

XY

in

two

OZ

to rivet.

We

of

22 inches apart and parallel. This will

iron about 23

and

pieces.

if

leave a half -inch for lock on each edge

previously cut

On

the line

it

71

we have

inches long.

27,

XY,

if

about 3

i'.iches

clown from

mark

from A

A:

dissame

the

and

at

manner,

same

the

In

mark B.

and

A

and

E.

F

points

D,

the

OZ

line

mark

on

tances

their

reapart

on

inches

each

are

E

7

P,. and D and

3>< inches from

A mark

C,

a' id

7 inches

72

and with the dividers unchanged place one foot at 3

where the center line crosses the semi-circle, and

mark short arcs at i and 5. From A. same span,

mark 2, and from B mark 4. Proceed the same at the

other end of pattern, thus dividing each semi-circle

into 6 equal spaces.

Draw

parallel lines

XY

from

Elbows

to

OZ

rnrough these

Fig. 2,

chown

in Fig. i of Elbows.

Snace any one of the parallel lines, or the bottom

edge of sheet into 12 equal spaces, and draw lines

from the points perpendicularly, crossing the horilines as shown, and draw a freehand line

through the alternate points of intersection, from B

zontal

to

5,

to 8, to 7, to

10, to

and ending

at E.

This

line

is

Fig.

I.

clearly

shown by

the

heavy curved

line

72>

in

B shown in Fig. 2, which, when formed up and locked

will make a two-piece 90-degree elbow with one seam

in the throat,

and one on

top.

Elbows

To make

Fig, 3

on same line.

But if for comb of roof, cut from B to 8, then down

to 9, up to 10 and down to E, and use the lower piece

shown by B of Fig. 3. The other piece resulting from

roof, cut

this cut

is

74

lines in

tion

of

shown bv dotted

as desired, as

Fig'. 3.

It is,

however,

tlie

true intersec-

Fig. 3

is

And

to

fit

in a corner.

to

fit

Thus

far

a thimble

is

To make patterns for other angles it

of 90 degrees.

is

and

which

The semi-circles must be

the process

is

the same.

line,

after

rise.

Any Number

An

it,

Elbow of

of Pieces.

90 degree elbows of

lows:

Draw

a square

number of

shown by A,

Draw

B,

is

as fol-

to the

diame-

pieces,

and

an\-

C and D

of Figs.

from

and with the dividers set the length of one

side of the square, and one foot at C, draw a quadrant

from B to D, and divide one half of it into i less equal

I,

to C,

of Miters.

number

for a three piece elbow. Fig. 3 a four piece, and Fig.

And Figs. 2, 4 and 6 show the pattern

5 a five piece.

Miters, Fig.

i,

developed.

In all cases the spacing on the quadrant must be

done accurately, and the miter line extended through

75

the point to the side of the square, and the true rise of

the miter hne is the distance from B to the point

in Fig.

side of square,

To prove

that this

mnhod

7,

rise,

it

is

I

Fig.

Fig. 3.

^ifi

marked

r.

2.

Fig, 4.

Fig.

6.

drawn within the square, and drawn to a larger scale.

This drawing also clearly shows the reason for spacing half the quadrant into one less than the

pieces

miter

desired.

lines.

.\

three piece

number of

elbow only has two

etc.

76

90 degrees.

It is

Pig. 7.

miter

line,

whose diameter is the rise required.

semi-circles

As

we

may be obtained in

we have been studying, after

the same

manner

as those

We

will

line.

pitch of an angle to

bevel, or with

fit

the required

H and I of

Fig.

I.

Draw

AB

and

BC

This

may

be done by

B and marking points as A and C, then with these

points as centers and radius greater than A to B, strike

rig. 2

Draw BF indefinitely

the intersecting arcs at D.

through the intersection, and on this Hue locate a

78

point

nearest point on

from the

means of one of the elementary rules for drawing a

line from a given point to a given line, perpendicuarc

lar to the

given

When E

is

line.

hence

we

is

to

3.

Fifi.

line,

BF

accurately located,

is

the required

rise,

and

and proceed as

in the

to

given.

is shown in Fig. 2, is 45.

But it is not necessary that we should know the number of degrees.

which

If,

we have

Draw AD,

Fig.

3,

equal

in

is

pipe, and by the protractor, draw DB at one-half

of

For

is

we draw DB at an

Then one-half the distance A to

angle of 15 to

AD.

Pig, 4.

The

is

shown

in

Fig. 4.

To Draw Pattern

for

or Flaring Article

made

in

Draw an

8o

C, D, of Fig.

I,

meet, as at E.

Then with E

as center,

pattern

F.

is

And

to be in

and

ED

and C, and

if

as

the

to

A,

extending

in-

Pig. !

strike

an arc through

and

B and

definitely to G.

Next draw

finished article

quarters,

as

is

only a quarter

more convenient, draw

to be, as Fig. 2,

shown.

circle.)

(Or

if

circle into

4, 5,

as

8i

to X, Fi,q-. 2, and step these onto the Hne D F,

shown from D to X

from D to X and step

as

Draw an

in

i.

off three

almost equal

more times, 2, 3, F,

and making the arc D F

in Fig.

DC

2.

F, as

the large end is to be the top or bottom of the finished

Fig* 2.

job.

And

F, as

If

it is

shown by dotted

desired to make

And

if

it

is

to

lines in Fig.

i.

the pattern in

two

DX

as

shown

AB

A D,

G.

and

pieces, use

at 2 in Fig.

i.

and divide this into a number of equal spaces (here 7),

which step on arc D F of Fig. i, from D to Y.

circle, Fig. 2,

It is

a mistake sometimes

made by

tinners, to step

locate F, as this will

make

F, to

82

circumference, yet it will not measure the same length

when

of line

ent

size.

shown

is

This

the

is

same

and the radius

illustrated in Fig. 3,

Pig. 3.

shown stepped around it in six steps. Also, D F is

made the same as DF in Fig. i, and the six steps

shown only reaching to f, showing how much too

is

Even

the

method

if

measured

have described

in this

is

manner.

little

short

enough for

desired I would

most

cases.

If greater

accuracy

is

just the required length, and bending it to the proper

curve, measure from D to locate F.

Some Convenient DimensioBi

83

of Tinware.

have

locks, etc..

all

That

been allowed.

is

for small

neat seams.

8-18, and the small No. 8.

For the No. 8-18 cut 3 pieces 14 x 19, or i piece

56 X 14.

For the No. 8 small cut 3 pieces 13^ x 18, or i

The No.

For No. 9

59 X

14 x 20, or

piece

14-

Covered Buckets.

2 quart

3 quart

2 pieces 10

4 quart

6 quart

8 quart

2 pieces 12

2 pieces

2 pieces

2 quart,

6yi

in.

quart,

7>4

9I4

in.

in.

8 quart, io'<

in.

4

6

quart,

10 quart,

UV2

14 quart, 13

in.

in.

5^

x7

12^ x 8>^

13^ x 9^

diam. top, 5

diam.

diam. top, 5>4 diam.

diam. top, 6

diam.

diam. top, 7

diam. top, 9

10^ x 6

2 pieces

hot.,

bot., 5 '4

bot.,

deep

deep

6y2 deep

deep

bot., 7J/<

diam.

bot.,

diam.

bot.,

deep

deep

quart,

6 quart,

12^

in.

top,

in.

bot.,

3^)4

i"-

fleep

in.

top,

in.

bot.,

in.

deep

84

10

quart.

14

in.

top,

11

in.

bot.,

14

quart,

I5>:|

in.

top,

10

in.

bot.,

16

quart,

18

in.

top,

iii.

20 quart,

19^^

in.

top,

13

in.

To

Hold.

iii-

bot.,

4^4

6

6^/

bot.,

deep

in.

deep

in.

deep

in.

deep

7

X 21 inches

2 gallons

10

X 25 inches

3 gallons

4 gallons

103/2

X 30 inches

X 32 inches

X 36 inches

gallon

5 gallons

12

6 gallons

13

8 gallons

14

10 gallons

16

15 gallons

20

20 gallons

20

25 gallons

22

40 gallons

.26

26

50 gallons

75 gallons

fr>o

To

12

30

36

gallons

x 40 inches

x 42 inches

X 46 inches

X48 inches

X 57 inches

X 60 inches

X 70 inches

X 76 inches

X 86 inches

X 96 inches

in inches

by the

The

a gallon.

This

is

a shorter

the same.

is

exactly

85

Practical Suggestions.

To

When

Up With Lime

Filled

or Alkali.

Pour slowly

chloric)

the

into

casting,

When

muriatic

(hydro-

will boil

over and

acid.

all

it

taken.

is

To Cut Heavy

When

is

to

be cut by hand,

it

will

side up and slip a piece of i-inch gas pipe, or larger if

making

long leverage,

workman can stand almost erect, and yet has a good

leverage on the work.

To Lock

the

Edges

of a Pitched Cover, or

Can Top.

a slight pitch,

ficult to

in

the

do so

slot

it

is

in the folder.

Try

sli])ping

each edge

enough

to

may be grooved down

ver}' nicely.

These may l)e (|uickly made by wrapping around

the shank several thicknesses of asbestos paper. Draw

answer

it snug with a wire, and it will be found to

86

To Tin Black Iron

Rinse with water

the black scale is well eaten off.

and place in "killed" acid

i.

e., acid which has had

all the zinc it will eat, and then without rinsing, drop

Put them

in a

Remove with

a strainer.

'V^/^T T

^ ^^ vJ

of

any

order for Stoves or Ranges

kind without writing to the

MONITOR STOVE

AND RANGE

CO.

CINCINNATI

FOR THEIR

NEW CATALOG

Makers

of

the

MONITOR RADIATOR

The Greatest and Best Hard Coal

Base Burner

all

kinds of fuel

MIONITOR

STOVES & RANGES

To Get Ahead Needs

THE

AMERICAN

ARTISAN

In His Business

PUBLISHED

EVERY SATURDAY

consider it the most authoritative and valuable pul)li<ation devoted to their interests

IT IS

Each

prepared and edited by experts.

Each issue contains a fund of practical and instructi\e

articles relating to the sheet metal industry.

Subscribers are always at liberty to submit tinshop

problems which puzzle them. In fact when we say that

no publication even attempts to prepare as interesting or

valuable a department for the sheet metal worker, we

speak the truth. If you want the most news, tlie freshest

news, the most instructive illustrated articles by the best

authorities on Sheet Metal Work, Cornice Work, Tin

Roofing. Furnace Installation, etc.,

issue

is

Year, 52 Issues.

DANIEL STERN,

Publisher and Proprietor,

355 Dearborn

St.,

CHICAGO

Books by Mail

position to supply Teclinical BOOKS and

characters, at lowest prices

.**.",''';*' ii'^l^i^'^'^ ^''C' most staiuianl works on Sheet

and Drain=

age. Advertising and the Workshop.

D*TTCDMc''\'^

PATTERNS ot all

Sheet Metal Worker

100

ot tniware on lieavy manila

i)aper ready

complete hne

tor

use nowhere

^1 ^^^

Gray's PERFECT ELBOW PATTERNS

absolutelv

-" <^0 Pattt-rns 2, 8. 4, T, pieces) $1.50

on'^'r^%

ro'J''

to 40" (SO

20

patterns 5, 6, 7, 8 pieces)

so

C'oinplete set of 1" to 4()" (2 to S pieces, 160

patterns)

with angle chart

3 qq

(hay's PERFECT SKYLIGHT PATTERNS -for sinHe

""

the very Iom- price of

and

pitch, hip

gal)le skyliglits.

'^aH

WORK /VlANUAL-240 pages (]S4'engn; vimportant information for cornice worker $3.50

TIN, SHEET IRON and COPPER PLATE

WORKER

^'^'""'' ''qiially valual)le

for beginner and

''X,,^^CORNICE

mg.s) of

skilled artisan

Vosburgh

valuable

rules,

edition

ihagrams

for describing

used al.so

geometry

S;^

II

SO

1 00

rulcs.md

most

chapter on Sheet Metal Work, soldering and

ceipts tor the worksliop

Send

prepay express on

No books exchanged.

We

list and

all orders.

DANIFI O^TFPIM

I ILiIxl^

1-^.n.l lULiLi

q ^q

1718 usefulre$3 SO

prices.

pages',

353-357 Dearborn

CHICAGO,

St.

ILLINOIS

29

\^IQ

100

TINNERS' PATTERNS

Comprise patterns for a full line of tinware, in numerous sizes, square and round

elbows, cut-offs, etc. These full size patterns, numbering upward 100, are printed

on inanila paper, from which they are readily transferred fo heavy sheets and

cut out ready for use. The list contains the following patterns;

Tea Steeper

Fourteeii-quart Milk Pail Breast

Two-pint Tea Pot

Two-inch Four-piece Round Elbow

Three-pint Tea Pot

Three-inch Four-piece Round Elbow

Four-pint Tea Pot

Four-inch Four-piece Round Elbow

Five-pint Tea Pot

Five-inch Four-piece Round Elbow

One-quart Coffee Pot

Five-and-a-half-inch Round Elbow

Two-quart Coffee Pot

Six-and-a-half-inch Round Elbow

Three-quart Coffee Pot

Seven-and-a-half-inch Round Elbow

Four-quart Coffee Pot

Small Grocers' Scoop

Five-quart Coffee Pot

Medium Grocers' Scoop

No. 1 Coffee Boiler

Large Grocers' Scoop

No. 2 Coffee Boiler

Apple Corer

No. 3 Coffee Boiler

Oval Foot Bath

Lamp Filler

Oval Pudding Pan

One-Pint Dipper

Half-gallon Can Breast

One-quart Dipper

One-gallon Can Breast

Two-quart Dipper

Two-gallon Can Breast

Four-quart Flaring Pail

Three-gallon Can Breast

Six-quart Flaring Pail

Half-i)int Measure

Eight-quart Flaring I'ail

One-pint Measiue

Ten-quart Flaring Pail

One-quart Measure

Twelve-quart Flaring Pail

Half-gallon Measure

Fourteen-quart Flaring Pai

Ten-quart Dish Pan

Twelve-quart Dish Pan

Fourteen-quart Dish Pan

Sixteen-quart Dish Pai\

Dinner Bucket

I'^ive-inch T-Joint

One-i)int Basin

T wo-pint Basin

Three-pint Basin

Four-T)int

Pan

Six-quart pan

Ten-(iuart Pan

Medium Cake

Six-inch T-Joint

I'an

"Snap" 2-inch Conductor Elbow

Small Wash Basin

Cullender

Large Wash Basin

Two-inch Square Elbow

Sprinkler Breast

Two-and-a-half inch Square Elbow

Four-gallon Churn

Three-and-a-half-inch Square Elbow

Five-gallon Churn

Four-and-a-half-inch Square Elliow

Small Dust Pan

Five-and-a-half-inch Square Elbow

Large Dust Pan

Six-and-a-half-inch Square Elbow

Five Sizes Funnel Patrns.

Seven-and-a-half-inch Square Elbow

Oval Dinner Bucket

One-pint Funnel

Rain Water Cut-off

Two-pint Funnel

No. 7 Boiler Cover

Three-jiint Funnel

No. 8 Boiler Cover

Four-pint Funnel

No. 9 Boiler Cover

Small Milk Strainer

No. 7 Boiler Bottoms

f^arge Milk Strainer

No. 8 Boiler Bottoms

Ten-(iuavt Milk Pail Breast

No. 9 Boiler Bottoms

other

so small a cost. Price, sent postpaid for the

full size

FULL SET OF

100

PATTERNS $1.00

355 DEARBORN ST.

DANIEL STERN,

CHICAGO,

ILL.

REGISTERS

and

VENTILATORS

CAST

IRON

BBBBBBBHH

or

SEMI-STEEL

or

WROUGHT

STEEL

500,000

in

Stock

lY MFG. CO.

One copy

9tr::

del. to Cat.

29

1910

Div.

boston

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