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Master of Business Administration - MBA Semester 3
MF0011-Mergers & Acquisitions
(Book ID: 1732)
Assignment (60 Marks)
Note: Answers for 10 marks questions should be approximately of 400
words. Each question is followed by evaluation scheme. Each Question
carries 10 marks 6 X 10=60.
Q1. Explain the types of mergers and acquisitions (M&A).
Each type carries 2 marks. Explanation of 5 types
Answer. Types of Mergers and Acquisitions
There are many types of mergers and acquisitions that redefine the business
world with new strategic alliances and improved corporate philosophies. From
the business structure perspective, some of the most common and significant
types of mergers and acquisitions are listed below:
Horizontal Merger
This kind of merger exists between two companies who compete in the same
industry segment.

Q2. Explain basic steps in organizing a merger. Explain financial

aspects of mergers.
Explanation of steps in organizing a merger - 7
Explanation of financial aspects of merger - 3
Answer. The steps of integration can vary from company to company based
on the nature of the business and the complexity of the merger. The goal of a
merger is business performance improvement and performance is all about
people collectively and individually. Hence, what works is to consider this as
the top priority while defining the integration plan. Here are five steps that I

have seen worked well for some of the more successful mergers that I have
been associated

Q3. Explain about Operating synergy and the role of Industry

Answer. Synergy is the interaction of multiple elements in a system to
produce an effect different from or greater than the sum of their individual
Step 1
Identify the strengths and weaknesses of your team. Evaluate your employees
to uncover their interpersonal skills. Look for leadership qualities and the
ability to follow directions. Check out

Q4. Write Short notes on:

1) Internalization decision
2) Recommendation for effective Cross-border Acquisition
3) Role of government policies in international M&A.
Answer. 1. Internalization decision
Internalization can refer to any process that is handled within a particular
entity instead of directing it to an outside source for completion. In business,
internalization is a transaction conducted within the confines of a corporation
rather than in the open market. Internalization can apply to a multinational
corporation shifting assets between subsidiaries across borders.

Q5. Explain the types of takeovers. Explain defenses against takeover

Types of takeovers - 5
Defenses against takeover bids - 5
Answer. Types of takeovers:
There are several different types of takeover. The main types are:

'Friendly Takeover' - the company bidding will approach the directors

of the other company to discuss and agree an offer before proposing it to
the shareholders of that company.

Q6. Explain the factors in Post-merger integration and five rules of

Integration Process.
Answer. Factors:
1. Directors must get out of the boardroom
It is critical for executives to be actively involved in the integration. Chief
executives must lead from the front, appear approachable to new staff and
involve themselves actively in the merged company. Senior executives must
make it clear to other managers that the combination process is a priority and
requires their own time and focus.

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