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GPON

GPON.
- P2MP(point to multipoint)
- PON,

- P2MP
,
.

- PON
OLT ONT

- , OLT,
,
. OLT ONT
() , , 1550 . ,
, ()
, 1310 . OLT ONT WDM,

/ - 2.488/1.244 /

(AES)

(FEC);

64 ONT PON; (
1:128)

L2: // S-, C-

(DBA).

GPON ODN

PON
Passive Optical Network
Optical Fiber ITUTG.652
OpticalSplitters
Optical Junctions
Optical Connectors

ODN - .
ODN (OLT)
(ONU) ,
,

PON

Splitting Ratio
1:64
PON Class B+
Max. Attenuation
28dB
PON Class C+
Max. Attenuation
32dB

Standard: ITU-T G984.2 Physical Media


Dependent (PMD)

GPON OPTICAL BUDGET

- ,
, .
= - .

:
-
.
,
.
0,2 / 1550 , 0,35 / 1310

0,3 .
0.02
0,7
-


.
-


,
. 3-6 .

ONT

ONTs

ONU

ONU/ONT
Optical Network Unit/Termination
Optical Port
Downstream BW (Rx)
Wavelength
RF (Analog Video) (Rx)
Wavelength
Upstream BW (Tx)
Wavelength

2,5Gb/s
1490nm
1550nm
1,24Gb/s
1310nm

:
4x 100/1000Base-T Ethernet (RJ45 );
2x FXS (RJ 11 )
2x3 2.4/5.0 GHz (802.11 b/g/n);

2x USB 2.0 ,
3G/4G ;

:
GPON SC/APC (B+/C+).

Network information flow

Standard: ITU-T G984.3 Transmission Convergence (TC)


, .
ONT, ,
. , .

ONT ,
TDMA (time division
multiple access). , ONT,
c
, ONT OLT.
TDMA MAC.

GPON FTTX SCENARIO

Source: FTTH Handbook, FTTH Council Europe, 2010

GPON Fundamentals
GPON Technology (G.984.x)
Outside Plant
TR-156

NETWORK ARCHITECTURE/SEGMENTATION

Splitters in Street Cabinet


SPLITTERS IN STREET CABINET

OUTDOR
Cabinet

+ Flexibility
+ Pay as you grow
+ Monitoring Points

- City Hall licensing


- Cost

Splitter .
, , .
,

(OSP) :
(OSP) :

-(feeder)
-(distribution)
-(drop)

Dome
Closure

+ Cost
+ Distance
+ Protection against vandalism

- Rgid Network
- Construction
- Pay as you grow

GPON Fundamentals
GPON Technology (G.984.x)
Outside Plant
TR-156

VLAN :
VLAN N:1
VLAN 1:1
Transparent LAN Services

GEM :
Multicast GEM Ports(unidirectional)
Broadcast, Multicast Unicast Unknown
traffic in downstream . GEM Port
ONU/T .
Unicast GEM Ports (bidirectional)
downstream upstream .
GEM ports ONU/T. GEM
.

N:1

1:1

LAN

GPON Multiplexing Architecture


GEM Port: .
T-CONT: Transmission Containers( ) ,
.
upstream . T-CONT ,
(DBA) upstream ,
.
, GEM
T-CONTs. GEM T-CONT .
GEM Port T-CONT; GEM
T-CONT.
GPON interface ONU T-CONTs.

T-CONT

Upstream
ONU/T Traffic Policing /ONT
Traffic Policers
,
OLT T-CONT.
static() dynamic ()
(DBA Dynamic Bandwidth Allocation)
Downstream .
CoS, OLTs ONTs
, .

(DBA)

DBA GPON TDMA


upstream
T-CONTs. T-CONT
Alloc-ID (11024)

GEM ONU/ONTs
GEM , GEM
(IGMP)
GEM (
)
OLT ONU/T U IGMP
Snooping Proxy Reporting Replication Function
ONTs U IGMP Snooping