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The passive voice is used when focusing on the person or thing affected by an action.
• The Passive is formed: Passive Subject + To Be + Past Particple
The house was built in 1989.
Active Passive Time Reference

They make Fords in Cologne. Fords are made in Cologne. Present Simple

James Joyce wrote "Dubliners". "Dubliners" was written by James Joyces. Past Simple
They have produced over Over 20 models have been produced Present Perfect
20 models in the past two years. in the past two years.

I will finish it tomorrow. It will be finished tomorrow. Future Simple


1.Rewrite the sentences using Passive voice.

1)Julia rescued three cats.

2) Maria crashed into the blue car.
3) Alex learned the poem.
4) Steven has forgotten the book.
5) The mechanic has not repaired the DVD recorder.
6) They play handball.
7) Sue puts the rucksack on the floor.
8) The girls had lost the match.
9) The teacher won't to open the window.

2. Decide whether the sentences are written in Active or Passive.

Top of Form
They listen to music.

She is reading an e-mail.

These cars are produced in Japan.

Alan teaches Geography.

German is spoken in Austria.

Lots of houses were destroyed by the earthquake.

Henry Ford invented the assembly line.

The bus driver was hurt.

You should open your workbooks.
Houses have been built.

1. FIRST CONDITIONAL : real possibility

Bottom of Form
We are talking about the future. We are thinking about a particular condition or situation in
the future, and the result of this condition. There is a real possibility that this condition will
happen. For example, it is morning. You are at home. You plan to play tennis this afternoon.
But there are some clouds in the sky. Imagine that it rains. What will you do?

IF condition result

present simple WILL + base verb

If it rains I will stay at home.

Notice that we are thinking about a future condition. It is not raining yet. But the sky is cloudy
and you think that it could rain. We use the present simple tense to talk about the possible
future condition. We use WILL + base verb to talk about the possible future result. The
important thing about the first conditional is that there is a real possibility that the
condition will happen. Here are some more examples (do you remember the two basic
structures: [IF condition result] and [result IF condition]?):

IF condition result

present simple WILL + base verb

If I see Mary I will tell her.

If Tara is free tomorrow he will invite her.

If they do not pass their exam their teacher will be sad.

If it rains tomorrow will you stay at home?

If it rains tomorrow what will you do?

result IF condition

WILL + base verb present simple

I will tell Mary if I see her.

He will invite Tara if she is free tomorrow.

Their teacher will be sad if they do not pass their exam.

Will you stay at home if it rains tomorrow?

What will you do if it rains tomorrow?

Sometimes, we use shall, can, or may

instead of will, for example: If you are good
today, you can watch TV tonight.

• http://web2.uvcs.uvic.ca/elc/studyzone/330/grammar/1cond1.htm


When I finish writing the reports, I will go out with my friends.
She will move to ?zmir when she finds a good job.
When the party is over, we’ll clean the house.
Before I go to Bodrum, I’ll book a room.
Murat will visit all his relatives before he joins the army.
They won’t transfer any players before they sign the advertising agreement.
After her sister prepares dinner, they’ll invite their neighbours.
My father will buy a new car after he saves enough money.
What will you do after you finish the French course?
They will go to the beach as soon as they have their breakfast.
All the players in the national team will go on holiday as soon as the Europian Championship
is over.
Don’t worry mom. I will phone you as soon as I arrive Paris.
You can go out. I will wait until she calls.
They won’t start the match until the rain stops.
I won’t buy anything new until I pay all my debts.
If I go home early tonight, I will watch the Olympic Games.
Tar?k will buy a new TV set if the prices goes down.
If you pass the test, what will you do?


when, after, before, as soon as, until, if are followed by SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE.
Main clasuses in these sentences are followed by future ‘will’.
Fill in the blanks with the correct form of the verbs.
1) When the manager _____________ ( arrive ), they _______________ ( start ) the meeting.
2) If he _____________ ( reach ) the sales target this year, the company ____________
( award ) him.
3) We _______________ ( start ) the construction of a shooping center as soon as the
government __________( allow ) us to begin.
4) After she __________ ( find ) a good house in Karşıyaka, she_______________
( buy ) some new furniture.
5) If Alex _______________ ( feel ) better at the weekend, he _______________ ( play ) in
the match against Milan.
6) I will have to finish the reports before the manager _______________ ( call ).
7) She _______________( eat ) anything until the doctor_______________( tells ) her to eat.

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