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AllyouneedtoknowabouttheNuclearSuppliersGroup
PostaComment

ByTNN|28May,2016,05.03PMIST

TheNSGandChina'soppositiontoIndia'sentryinithasbeeninthenewsrecently.Here's
allyouneedtoknowaboutthisbodyandIndia'spositioninit:
WhatisNSG?
TheNSGisaninternationalorganisationthataimstocontrolproliferationofnuclear
weapons.This48memberbodywasestablishedtopreventciviliannucleartradefrombeing
usedformilitarypurposes.Itwasformedbythesignatoriestothenonproliferationtreaty
(NPT).ThoughtheNSGhasbeenopentoadmittingnewmemberstoitsclan,thegrouphas
sofaropeneditsdoorsonlytonationsthatarepartoftheNPTorComprehensiveTestBan
Treaty(CTBT).IndiahassignedneithertheNPTnortheCTBT.
This48memberbodywasestablishedtopreventcivilian
nucleartradefrombeingusedformilitarypurposes.

Whywasitformedandwhatwasitsobjective?
TheNSGwasfoundedinreactiontotheIndiannucleartestinMay1974.Themainobjectiveofthebody,tobeginwith,wastomakesure
thatthenuclearenergywasusedonlyforpeacefulpurposesandnotforweaponmaking.
India,Pakistan,IsraelandSouthSudanareamongfourUNmemberstateswhichhavenotsignedtheNPT,theinternationalpactaimed
atpreventingthespreadofnuclearweapons.MembershipofNSGhelpseasethetransferoftechnology,rawmaterialsamongthe
participantcountriesanduscompanies.

WheredoesIndiastandintheNSG?
InJuly2006,theUnitedStatesCongressamendedUSlawstoallowciviliannucleartradewithIndia.
In2008,theNSGparticipatinggovernmentsagreedtograntIndiaa"cleanwaiver"fromitsexistingrules,whichforbidnucleartradewitha
countrywhichhasnotsignedtheNuclearNonProliferationTreaty(NPT).
InNovember2010,PresidentBarackObamaannouncedUSsupporttoIndia'sparticipationintheNuclearSuppliersGroup.InJanuary
2015,duringhisIndiavisit,ObamasaidthatIndiawasreadyfortheNSGmembership.China'sforeignministryofferedconditionalsupport
forIndianmembershipintheNSG.PakistanappliedfortheNSGmembershipinMay2016,probablytoblockIndia'sentryintothegroup.
Whatistherecentdevelopment?
Afterworld'ssuperpowersgaveanodtoIndia'sentryintothenucleargroup,Chinacameoutintheopentoopposethemove.
WhyisChinaopposingIndia'sentry?
ChinahasopposedIndia'sbidtogetNSGmembershiponthegroundthatitwasyettosigntheNPT.
Atthesametime,ChinahasbeenlobbyingforPakistan'sentryintothegroup.
(Compiledby:AnkitaRajeshwari)
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