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RTWP Problem Analysis and Solution (HUWAEI)

Summary
High RTWP will cause low performance in CSSR and CCSR.Currently the background noise is
-106dBm, if the RTWP is higher than -95dBm thenthe load factor will more than 90%, CAC
will be overload congestion status.To troubleshooting a high RTWP issue, please refer
the procedure as below.

Analysis procedure
1. Check Alarm
1.1Check the hardware alarm.
Like RF Module Rx Branch RTWP Difference Too High Alarm etc.
1.2Check whether VSWR alarm exists.
Command: DSP VSWR If have alarm or high VSWR (more then 1.1), first
escalate to BSS team, then assistant themto check whether it is hardware
problem or interference.

2. Check NodeB configuration in NodeB LMT


2.1Check uplink RF sensitivity
Command: DSP RFDESPARAM and DSP DESENS. Usually the value of these two
parameters should be 0, if it is not 0, fallback to 0 to check whether RTWP can
restore normal.
2.2Check Uplink Attenuation Value
Command: LST RXATTEN. This configuration will affect the RX gain. If TMA is
not used, then no need to configure it;and if TMA is used then we should
configure it as per TMA gain.The default value is 0. (Without TMA)2.3
Check the intermodulation interference
If primary RTWP is very high but secondary RTWP is normal, it may be caused by this
case.Method: suggest to shut off the transmit power then monitor the RTWP. If RTWP
become normal after transmit power is switched off and RTWP become high when transmit
power is switched on, we can suspect that it may caused by feeder joint problem, need BSS
team check the feeder connection (primary feeder).Command to shut off the transmit
power: SET TXSW

3. Check the interference feature


3.1Check the RTWP trend
Check the RTWP counter VS.MeanRTWP, VS.MaxRTWP, VS.MinRTWP. Make a
chart to show the interference trend in one day. Trace the RTWP in NodeB LMT;
trace 24hours in one day and save the result to txt formatand make chart to
show the primary and secondary RTWP trend in one day. Through the chart,
we can know the interference feature: What time the interference happens, in
day or night; in busy hour or always.How about the consistency between
primary and secondary RTWP trend? Through the trend we can analyze
whether heavy traffic causes the high RTWP; whether external or
internal interference?
3.2Check the site information
Check it is indoor site or outdoor site.For indoor site, need collect the
information as below:
Whether 2ndcarrier is implemented or not?
Whether the combiner is used? Combiner frequency is match or not?
For outdoor site, need collect the information as below:

How many sectors experience high RTWP?


How about RTWP status of nearby sites?
Is repeater located near the site?

4. Find the interference source


4.1Judge external or internal interference
Disconnect the jumper (jumper at the cabinet side) from the NodeB, and then
trace the RTWP. If RTWP is still very high after disconnection, that means
NodeB have problem. Need BSS team check the RF module .If RTWP become
normal after disconnection, that means NodeBhave no problem.We
canconclude that the problem may exist in Feeder system or external
interference. BSS team can help to do the VSWR test for the feeder and
jumper to check the feeder system ok or not. Or we can change jumper to
verify.
4.2Troubleshoot the interference
Do the frequency scanning in NodeB LMT. From the result we can check
whether there is strong interference from some special frequency band. If
from the result we find the interference, we need visit the site to find the
interference source.
We can:
If frequency scanning tool available (like frequency analyzer), we can
use tool to scan the interference. The method to check the interference by
scanning tool: Switch off the transmit power of the interference sector. Make
the test antenna of the tool toward the direction of the antenna of the NodeB
(follow the same orientation, same down tilt, also the same attitude) and scan
the interference. By this method we can check whether external interference
exists or not.
If frequency scanning tool unavailable, we can adjust theazimuth of the
interference to check from which direction the external interference comes
from.

4.3Common methods
NodeB have two sets of RTWP, primary and secondary RTWP;
if only one set of RTWP is abnormal but the other set is OK. We can swap the primary
feeder with the secondary feeder to check whether high RTWP swap or not.
If two sectors are very near but only one sector experience high RTWP
and the other sector is OK. We can swap the feeder of these two sectors at the
antenna side