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Design of Staircase

Assumption:

The staircase is designed as a simply supported slab spanning along the fl

Design Data
Breadth
b
Tread
T
Riser
R
T-R ratio = sqrt (T^2 + R^2)
Steps
Stair Flight Length
L1
Stair Flight Thickness t1
Upper Landing Length L2
Upper Landing Thicknest2
Lower Landing Length L3
Lower Landing Thicknest3
Total Length
L=L1+L2+L3
Concrete Strength
fcu
Steel Strength
fy
Cover
cmin
Concrete Loading
Loading (Stair Flight)
Self Weight
Finish
Steps Self Weight
Partition
Total DL
Live Load LL
Loading (Upper Landing)

1000 mm
275 mm
150 mm
1.14
7 nos
1650 mm
200 mm
1300 mm
200 mm
1300 mm
200 mm
4250 mm
35 N/mm2
460 N/mm2
25 mm
24.5 kN/m3

4.9 kPa

1.15 kPa
1.838 kPa
0 kPa
7.888 kPa
5 kPa

Self Weight
Finish
Partition
Live Load
Reaction from Staircase (if any)
DL
LL
Total DL
Total LL
Loading (Lower Landing)
Self Weight
Finish
Partition
Live Load
Reaction from Staricase (if any)
DL
LL
Total DL
Total LL
Design Load
Stair Flight
Upper Landing
Lower Landing

w1
w2
w3

4.9 kPa

1.15 kPa
0 kPa
5
10.8 kN/m
6.9 kN/m
16.85 kPa
11.9 kPa

4.9 kPa
1.15 kPa
0 kPa
5 kPa

7.5 kN/m
6.9 kN/m
13.55 kPa
11.9 kPa

19.0425
42.63 kPa
38.01 kPa

Design Moment
M
Design Calculations
Effective Depth
d
K
la
z
Area of Steel Required As req
Reaction
Ra
DL
LL
Rb
DL
LL

75.8 kNm

167 mm

0.078
0.90 < 0.95
151 mm
1254 mm2

28.34 kN/m
19.57 kN/m
25.32 kN/m
19.56 kN/m

Provide ReinforcemenY
As prov
Span-to-effective depth ratio Checking
Design ultimate moment
Actual span/d ratio
Basic span/d ratio
Service Stress
fs
Tension Rebar M.F.
Allowable Span/d ratio

16 @
1608.5 mm2

75.8 kNm
25.4
26

239.0 N/mm2
1.10 < 2
28.6 > 25.4

mply supported slab spanning along the flight

Concrete Code Clause 6.1.2.4c


Assume diameter 16 rebar
d = t - cmin - phi/2
K = M / b d^2 fcu

125

Concrete Code Table 7.4


Concrete Code Table 7.4

Design of Staircase
Assumption:

The staircase is designed as a simply supported slab spanning along the fl

Design Data
Breadth
b
Tread
T
Riser
R
T-R ratio = sqrt (T^2 + R^2)
Steps
Total Length
L
Design Span
Ld
Thickness
t
Concrete Strength
fcu
Steel Strength
fy
Cover
cmin
Concrete Loading

1000 mm
275 mm
150 mm
1.14
11 nos
2750 mm
3750 mm
175 mm
35 N/mm2
460 N/mm2
25 mm
24.5 kN/m3

Loading (Stair Flight)


Self Weight
Finish
Steps Self Weight
Partition
Total DL
Live Load LL

1.15 kPa
1.838 kPa
0 kPa
7.275 kPa
5 kPa

Design Load
Stair Flight

18.185 kPa

31.97 kNm

4.2875 kPa

Design Moment

Design Calculations
Effective Depth
d

145 mm

K
la
z
Area of Steel Required As req
Reaction
Ra = Rb
DL
LL

0.043
0.949 < 0.95
138 mm
580 mm2

10.003 kN/m
6.875 kN/m

Provide ReinforcemenY
As prov

10 @
628.3 mm2

Span-to-effective depth ratio Checking


Design ultimate moment
Actual span/d ratio
Basic span/d ratio
Service Stress
fs
Tension Rebar M.F.
Allowable Span/d ratio

31.97 kNm
19.0
20
283.3 N/mm2
1.22
28.0 > 19

mply supported slab spanning along the flight

1.4*DL + 1.6 * LL

Assume diameter 10 rebad = t - cmin - phi/2

K = M / b d^2 fcu

125

31.97

Concrete Code Table 7.4