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# Step by Step Sanskrit Learning Programme Month 12

## Lesson 51. y[!siNx> ,

We have been dealing with the / so far. The rest of the swaras can't
wait to be discussed as well.
These are the rules to follow:
First word
ending in

#/ \$

followed
by

%/ ^

followed
by

\/ \&

followed
by

followed
by

## any other swara but for

1.

2.

3.

4.

Next word
beginning with
any other swara but for

l&

#/ \$

\/ \&

#/ \$ changing to
y!

%/ ^

l&

Results in

%/ ^ changing to
v!

\/ \& changing
to r!

l&

changing to l!

Then the changed swara of the first word gets added to the swara of the
next word AGAIN to form a new letter.
Here are examples for each of them:

1. it + @km!

t! + y! + @km! = Tyekm! ,

2. mnu + AnNtrm!

3. ipt& + #CDa

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## The exercises with the y[!siNx>

are in Lesson 51 A.

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## Step by Step Sanskrit Learning Programme Month 12

Lesson 51 A. Exercises with the y[!siNx> ,

siNx>

1. + =

2. + : =

3. + =

4. + : =
5. + =
6. + : =
7.

O"s + =

8. + =
9. + =
10. +

pS"uO"sX"o =

11. + =
12. +

p@w{O"# =

1. y*ip

siNxivCDed> ,

2. ip<z>

3. saiXvdm!

4. SmraMyhm!
6. #Tyip

7. xa<z>

8. mXvir>

9. ATyuTtm>
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10. pavRTyxuna

11. #Tyai]Pt>
12. _avTvxuna

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siNx>

## Lesson 51 B. Answers to Lesson 51 A.

1. + = Tyah> ,

2. + : = ANvy> ,
3. + = #Tyaid ,

4. + : = maarit> ,
5. + = ipa}a ,
6. + : = mXvir> ,
7.

O"s + =

TvwaeR ,

8. + = AhNyhin
9. + = Svagtm! ,
10. +

pS"uO"sX"o = ka:QaNyanetum! ,

11. + = APyiSt ,
12. +

p@w{O"# = lak&it> ,

siNxivCDed> ,
1. y*ip = yid + Aip ,

## 4. SmraMyhm! = Smraim + Ahm! ,

6. #Tyip = #it + Aip ,
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## 7. xa<z> = xat& + A<z> ,

8. mXvir> = mxu + Air> ,

## 9. ATyuTtm> = Ait + %Ttm> ,

10. pavRTyxuna = pavRtI + Axuna ,

## 11. #Tyai]Pt> = #it + Aai]Pt> ,

12. _avTvxuna = _avtu + Axuna ,

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## Step by Step Sanskrit Learning Programme Month 12

First word
ending in

followed
by

@e

followed
by

any swara

Aae

followed
by

any swara

AaE

followed
by

any swara

1.

2.

3.

4.

Next word
beginning with
any swara

Results in
=

@ changing to
Ay!

@e changing to
Aay!

Aae changing to
Av!

AaE changing to
Aav!

Then the changed swara of the first word gets added to the swara of the
next word AGAIN to form a new letter.
Here are examples for each of them:

1. hre + @tt!

2. nE + Ak>

3. iv:[ae + @tt!

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4. paE + Ak>

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## Step by Step Sanskrit Learning Programme Month 12

Lesson 52 A. Exercises with the yaNtvaNtadezsiNx> ,
Do the sandhi for the following:
1. hre @

2. tSmE #dm!

3. gurae Aaidz

4. balkaE AagtaE
5. vE #h

6. kqe %pveznm!
7. )le #CDa

8. izavhE AaitRm!
9. kraE @taE

10. _aanae #h
11. nraE %daraE
12. taE @kda

siNxivCDed>
1. gurvuTsah>
2. balavaejiSvnaE
3. jnyuTk{Qa
4. )liyCDa

5. DaavvgtvNtaE
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## Step by Step Sanskrit Learning Programme Month 12

1. hre + @ = hrye

## 4. balkaE + AagtaE = balkavagtaE

5. vE + #h = vaiyh

## 6. kqe + %pveznm! = kqyupveznm!

7. )le + #CDa = )liyCDa

## 8. i;avhE + AaitRm! = i;avhayaitRm!

9. kraE + @taE = kravetaE

## 11. nraE + %daraE = nravudaraE

12. taE + @kda = tavekda

siNxivCDed>
1. gurvuTsah> = gu + %Tsah>

## 2. balavaejiSvnaE = balaE + AaejiSvnaE

3. jnyuTk{Qa = jne + %Tk{Qa
4. )liyCDa = )le + #CDa

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## Step by Step Sanskrit Learning Programme Month 12

Lesson 53. A Glimpse of Vyanjan Sandhi.
When consonants join the joining bandwagon, we get, what you call, Vyanjan

## \Y"IG"S" _"[SR"#\$ One of the most frequently used sandhi is the

G"O\"_"[SR" , We can do the rest of the Vyn siNx> at a later date.
Sandhi.....

## G"O\"_"[SR" (1 ) Go by these rules:

If a word ends with the first \Y"IG"S" of the five s ( that is : either ,
E"o, Jo>, O"o or ) and is the followed by a word beginning with any swara then
that \Y"IG"S" of the first word gets transformed into the third \Y"IG"S" of
the same .
That is :

## E"o + any swara becomes G"o

+ any swara becomes
+ any swara becomes
+ any swara becomes V"o

Then it gets added to the swara of the next word again to form a new letter.
Try the exercises in 53 A.

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## Step by Step Sanskrit Learning Programme Month 12

Lesson 53 A. Further exercises with Sandhi.
1. Do the sandhi of the following:
1. + : =

XV"Z# =
E"o + SO"# =
_"O"o + pE"pZ# =
G"BpO"o + : =

2. +
3.
4.
5.

6. + =
7. + Ae =

8. + : =
2. Write the present and the past tense

## @\"E"S" forms of these

A good idea would be to go through the upasarga lesson again before you
attempt to do this exercise.
This exercise will help you figure out how the sandhi rules are applied with
the past tense of a dhatu with an upasarga .
Do remember, the A is added to the root dhatu. That means that you will

be adding upasarga + A + dhatu for the past tense. One has been done for
you.

( Try and repeat the entire table to yourself just to hear what the
words sound like....that will help you identify the words whenever you next
hear them.)
The list is long, but for those of you who would like to improve your
vocabulary, it is a treasure trove!
1. + ( to reply) itvdit , Tyvdt! (it +A +vd! )
2. +

E"Zo ( to imitate)

3. + ( to repent)
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## Step by Step Sanskrit Learning Programme Month 12

4. + ( to wander)
5. + ( to kill)

6. + ( to cajole)

## 7. + ( to wear the sacred thread)

8. + ( to bring)

9. + (use it as decide)
10.

{W" + ( to act)

## 11. + ( use it as to wed.)

12. + (to wander)

## W"t (W"\"{O") to experience.

+ W"t to rise
+ W"t to defeat
+ W"X"o to make a journey.
+ W"X"o to be in a fix.

14. +
15.
16.
17.
18.

19. + to live.

20. + to marry

21. + to massage.

## 22. + ( = sit ) to be pleased.

23. + ( ) to recall carefully.
24. + to forget.

@Zpu{O") to imitate.

25. + (

## 27. + to act against someone.

28. + to help
29.

T"{O"+ to decorate.

30. + + to remove.

31. + ( to understand)
32. + to rise.
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## Step by Step Sanskrit Learning Programme Month 12

33. + to come

34. + to approach
35. + to follow

## 36. + + to come together.

37. + to go away.

38. + to go towards.

39. + + to return.

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## Step by Step Sanskrit Learning Programme Month 12

Lesson 53 B Answers to Lesson 53 A.
1. Do the sandhi of the following:
1. + : = vagIz>,

XV"Z# = idgMbr> ,
E"o + SO"# = AjNt> ,
_"O"o + pE"pZ# = sdacar>,
G"BpO"o + : = jgdIz> ,

2. +
3.
4.
5.

6. + = tdany ,
7. + Ae = mde

8. + : = subNt> ,
2. The present and the past tense

2. +

## 3. + ( to repent) Anutpit , ANvtpt! ,

4. + ( to wander) ivhrit , Vyhrt! ,
5. + ( to kill) s<hrit , smhrt! ,

## 7. + ( to wear the sacred thread) %pnyit , %panyt! ,

8. + ( to bring) Aanyit , Aanyt! ,

10.

A_ynyt!,

## 11. + ( use it as to wed.) pir[yit , pyRnyt! ,

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## Step by Step Sanskrit Learning Programme Month 12

12. + (to wander) pirptit , pyRptt! ,

## W"t (W"\"{O") to experience. Anu_avit , ANv_avt! ,

+ W"t to rise %vit , %d_avt! ,
+ W"t to defeat pra_avit , pra_avt! ,
+ W"X"o to make a journey. pirmit , pyRmt! ,
+ W"X"o Ato be in a fix. sMmit , smmt! ,

14. +
15.
16.
17.
18.

## 19. + to live. Aixvsit , AXyvst! ,

20. + to marry ivvhit , Vyvht! ,

## 23. + ( ) to recall carefully. s<Smrit , smSmrt! ,

24. + to forget. ivSmrit , VySmrt! ,

25. + (

## 27. + to act against someone. Apkraeit , Apakraet! ,

28. + to help %pkraeit , %pakraet! ,
29.

## 31. + ( to understand) AvgCDit , AvagCDt! ,

32. + to rise. %d!gCDit , %dgCDt! ,
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## Step by Step Sanskrit Learning Programme Month 12

33. + to come AagCDit , AagCDt! ,

## 34. + to approach %pgCDit , %pagCDt! ,

35. + to follow AnugCDit , ANvgCDt! ,

## 36. + + to come together. smagCDit , smagCDt! ,

37. + to go away. ingRCDit , inrgCDt! ,

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## Step by Step Sanskrit Learning Programme Month 12

Summing Up Month 12.
Who said Month 11 had the shortest Summing Up? Month 12 does.
1. Some more Sandhis. Easy too. The difficult ones for much later.

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