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1.What are human rights?

Human rights are universal legal guarantees protecting

individuals and groups against actions and omissions that
interfere with fundamental freedoms, entitlements and human
dignity. Human rights law obliges Governments (principally)
and other duty-bearers to do certain things and
prevents them from doing others.
2.What are the characteristics of human rights? Some of the most important
characteristics of human rights are that they
Are universalthe birthright of all human beings
Focus on the inherent dignity and equal worth of all
human beings
Are equal, indivisible and interdependent
Cannot be waived or taken away
Impose obligations of action and omission, particularly
on States and State actors
Have been internationally guaranteed
Are legally protected
Protect individuals and, to some extent, groups
3.What kinds of human rights obligations are there?
Obligations are generally of three kinds: to respect, to protect
and to fulfil human rights:
To respect human rights means simply not to interfere
with their enjoyment. For instance, States
should refrain from carrying out forced evictions
and not arbitrarily restrict the right to vote or the
freedom of association.
To protect human rights means to take steps to
ensure that third parties do not interfere with their
enjoyment. For example, States must protect the accessibility
of education by ensuring that parents and
employers do not stop girls from going to school.
To fulfil human rights means to take steps progressively
to realize the right in question. This obligation
is sometimes subdivided into obligations to facilitate
and to provide for its realization. The former refers
to the obligation of the State to engage proactively
in activities that would strengthen peoples ability
to meet their own needs, for instance, creating conditions
in which the market can supply the healthcare
services that they demand. The obligation to
provide goes one step further, involving direct provision
of services if the right(s) concerned cannot
be realized otherwise, for example to compensate
for market failure or to help groups that are unable
to provide for themselves.

4. Who oversees the fulfillment and protection of human rights in the Philippines?
Human rights are both rights and obligations, according to the UN. The state or the
government is obliged to respect, protect, and fulfill these rights.
5. Do criminals or those who break the law still enjoy human rights? Criminals or
those in conflict with the law are still protected by rights as indicated in many legal
documents such as the Philippines Criminal Code and UNs Standard Minimum Rules for the
Treatment of Prisoners.

1.Human Dignity is The Basis of Fundamental Human Rights?

Human dignity is inviolable and it must be respected and protected. The dignity of
the human person is not only a fundamental right in itself, but constitutes the basis
of fundamental rights in international law.
The 1948 Universal Declaration of Human Rights enshrined this principle in its
preamble: recognition of the inherent dignity and of the equal and inalienable
rights of all members of the human family is the foundation of freedom, justice and
peace in the world.
2. Human Dignity is at the Heart of Human Identity?
Human dignity goes to the heart of human identity, including a gay, lesbian,
bisexual, transgendered and intersex identity, hence the name of the trust.
Without dignity none of the protections of the various legal human rights
mechanisms can have real meaning, which is why the concept has held, and
continues to hold, a central place in the international human rights framework.
3. What are he basis for the theme of Human Dignity?
The bedrock of Catholic Social Teaching, is that humans were created in the image
and likeness of God. Regardless of any factors or reasons we can think of,
individuals have an inherent and immeasurable worth and dignity; each human life
is considered sacred.
4. Human Dignity a s The Basis of Church teachings?
The Catechism of the Catholic Church insists the "dignity of the human person is
rooted in his or her creation in the image and likeness of God." "All human beings,"
says the Church, "in as much as they are created in the image of God, have
thedignity of a person."
5. What is the meaning of self dignity?
bearing, conduct, or speech indicative of self-respect or appreciation of the
formality or gravity of an occasion or situation. nobility or elevation of character;
worthiness:dignity of sentiments. a sign or token of respect:

On Citizenship, sample case of Sen. Garce Poe a Study

1: Why is natural-born citizenship important?
Answer: Because only natural-born citizens are qualified to be president, vice
president, senator, congressman or Supreme Court justice.
Consequently, if a final decision decrees that Senator Poe is NOT a natural-born
citizen, she would be removed from her office as senator, barred from running for
the presidency and, if elected, prohibited from serving her mandate.
2: What tribunals are authorized to pass judgment on her citizenship?
Answer: The Senate Electoral Tribunal has jurisdiction over cases questioning her
qualifications as a senator. Also, the Commission on Elections is authorized to hear
and decide petitions challenging her qualifications for the presidency but only after
she has filed her certificate of candidacy for the post. The decisions of these
tribunals may be elevated to the Supreme Court later.
3: Which Constitution governs her citizenship?
Answer: The 1935 Constitution because this was our basic law in 1968 when she
was born. Under this Constitution, The following are citizens of the Philippines: (1)
Those who are citizens of the Philippine Islands at the time of the adoption of this
Constitution. (2) Those born in the Philippine Islands of foreign parents who, before
the adoption of this Constitution, had been elected to public office in the Philippine
Islands. (3) Those whose fathers are citizens of the Philippines. (4) Those whose
mothers are citizens of the Philippines and, upon reaching the age of majority elect
Philippine citizenship. (5) Those who are naturalized in accordance with law.
In addition, the 1935 Constitution (as well as the current one) states that the
Philippines adopts the generally accepted principles of international law as part
of the law of the Nation. Thus, by this doctrine of incorporation, customary
international laws are given the same force and effect as statutes passed by
4. What are the international laws that govern the citizenship of
Answer: Mainly, (a) the 1930 Hague Convention on the Conflict of Nationality Laws,
(b) the 1948 Universal Declaration of Human Rights, and (c) the 1961 Convention
on the Reduction of Statelessness. In international law, nationality is synonymous
with citizenship.
5: Specifically, what provision of the 1961 Convention on the Reduction of
Statelessness is relevant to Senator Poe? Answer: Article 2 which states: A
foundling found in the territory of a Contracting State shall, in the absence of proof
to the contrary, be considered to have been born in the territory of parents
possessing the nationality of that State.