You are on page 1of 10

LTE ENB PLANNING RULES

INTRODUCTION
Frame = 10ms

15khz

12 subcarrier x 1 slot= 1 Radio Block

PCI PLANNING (1)


There are 504 unique PCI
PCI = 3 * PCI_group + PCI_sector
PCI_group : 0 to 176
PCI_sector : 0 to 2

PCI impacts the allocation of RE to the RS:


PCI mod 6 = 5
PCI mod 6 = 4
PCI mod 6 = 3
PCI mod 6 = 2
PCI mod 6 = 1
PCI mod 6 = 0
PCI mod 6 = 5
PCI mod 6 = 4
PCI mod 6 = 3
PCI mod 6 = 2
PCI mod 6 = 1
PCI mod 6 = 0

PCI PLANNING (2)


Modulo 6 collision: SISO
It is advised to distribute PCIs in adjacent cells such that RS doesnt occupy
same subcarrier position.
Therefore cell can have up to 5 differents neighbors without interfering in
frequency domain.

PCI PLANNING (3)


Modulo 3 collision: MIMO

LTE is usually implemented in 2x2, so it is


recommanded to avoid PCI mod 3 collision such
that RS shouldnt occupy same subcarrier
position.
Therefore cell can have up to 3 differents
neighbors without interfering in frequency
domain. This limits makes planning difficult.
It is mandatory to avoid PCI mod 3 collision
between intra-eNB cells (3 sectors).
Inter-eNB cells are not time synchronised.
Therefore, it is better to avoid PCI mod 3 collision.

RS of first antenna of eNB1


interfere with RS of second
antenna of eNB2

RSI PLANNING (1)


In LTE, the UEs need to use different random access preambles
when sending a PRACH request in order that the cell can differentiate
between UEs.
The random access preambles are generated from Zadoff-Chu root
sequences (838 in Total) with length of 839 each.
Each cell need to have 64 preambles sequences.

RSI PLANNING (2)


PrachCS: defines the configuration used for the preamble generation. i.e.
how many cyclic shifts are needed to generate preamble. It depends on cell
range.
Exemple:

1. Choose the Cell Range (38.8 Km in this example).


2. This range correspond to NCS=14 Cyclic shift Nb=279 samples (length of
the preamble access).
3. Root sequence length is 839 so a cyclic shift of 279 samples allows
ROUNDDOWN (839/279)= 3 preambles access per root sequence.
4. 64 preambles are transmitted in the PRACH frame. To ensure having 64
preamble sequences within the cell it is necessary to have ROUNDUP (64/3)=22
root sequences per cell

RSI PLANNING (3)


RSI: points to the first root sequence to be used when generating
the set of 64 preamble sequences.

It needs to be different for neighbour cells.


Example of Root Sequence Index Planning with assumption of Cell range = 12km :

(*) Root Sequence Index : from 0 to 837

U PLANNING (1)
DM-RS: analogous to RS in DL.
DM RS needs to be different between neighbors cells to avoid inter
cell interference.

30 possible sequences (Zadoff Chu codes) for each PRB.


Sequences are grouped into 30 groups so they can be assigned to
cells (different sequence group to different cells)
Sequence group number u

U PLANNING (2)
Additional sequences can be derived from a basic sequence by
applying a cyclic shift. (ulRsCs = 0..7)
The reference signals derived from different cyclic shift of the same
basic reference signal are orthogonal
It should be possible to assign to the cells of one site the same
sequence group u and differentiate the sequences using different
cell specific cyclic shifts.
Modulo 3 guaranteed Modulo 6 guaranteed PCI Modulo 30
guaranteed